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WASHINGTON: THUHSDAY, AUGUST 4, 1864.
Weekly National Intelligencer. Br GALES dc SEATON. JAMBS O. WELLING, ASSOCIATE EDITOR. 1 ht> subscription prico of thu paper for & year ii Two Dollars, payable in advance. A reduction of 20 per cent, (one-fifth of the full charge will be made to any one who shall order and pay for/at one time, ten copies of the Weekly paper ; and a reduction of 2t> per cent, (or one-fuurth of the full charge) to any one who willorder and pay for, at one time, twenty or more oopiea. No accounts being kept for this paper, it will not be ?ent to any one unless paid for in advance, nor anylongerthan the time for which it is paid. . THURSDAY, AUGUST 4, 1864. SHORT TERM8 OP MILITARY SERVICE. That excellent military paper, the Army and Navy Journal, published in New York, in com menting on the reoent call of the President for five hundred thousand more men^ intimates the opinion that the short term of the scrviee for which a draft is permitted under that call must deserve to be considered a mistake in a military point of viow. To (his effect our oontemporary says : " The first part of a recruit's term is wasted in learning his duty?in learning how to be a soldier.. This draft, however, looking both at the time and the numbers, is based oo the obvious assumption that the war will be end ed in fifty-two weeks, if at all. For its numbers, are so vast as to cause no little complaint at a future day^ should five hundred thousand troops be so badly eoonoujizt-d as not to substantially break an opponent whose armies we outnumber now. But it is usually unsafe to speculate on time in such matters, as sad experience has taught " We need not inform our readers that these views were abundantly enforced on the attention of Con gress during the discussion that was had on the enrolment aet. Among those who deprecated the reduction of the compulsory term of military ser vioe was Senator Brown, of Missouri. Ho said, on the 9th of June : " A* long as the question of volunteering was open, it was insisted upon all the time that we shoulJ have the longest term of service; and it was said, and said very pro Ierly, that as a purely military question it had been found bat one year was not long enough within which to fit troops for the field, wi:hin wbieh to fit them for enduring those hardships which campaigns involve them in. it is not simply the equipping of troops, it is not simply putting arms in theii hands, but it is, so to speak, the seasoning of the bodies of the soldiers to the endurance of those fa tigues that makes the soldier and makes the value of the soldier; and I say that within the period of one year you cannot expeot to have that effective soldiery which you will have within two years or three *yearB. I believe I am sustained when I say that that has been the represen tation which has come to us continually from the War Department, and that no counter representations have ever come to us from the Military Committee iu this body." Many other Senators and many Kepresentatives spoke to the same purpose, but the polioy of one year's servioe under a draft prevailed. And we presume the Journal is correct in supposing that this limitation of the oompulsory military term proceeds on the presumption, (however unwarrant ed by our "sad experience" ho that paper sug gests) that the number aotually oalled will suffice to end the war within that period. To this effect Mr. Wilson, of Massachusetts, spoke, on the 23d of June last, as follows : " If we now limit the draft to one year, and the Govern ment will call for vast ma?ses of men and act with vigor, I believe that bt-fofe the opening of next year the rebel ar mies will be broken, and the canse of the oountry assur ed ; and so believing, I contend for a reduction of the time. It is because I believe it will strengthen our cause that I have advocated it." Upon the general subjeotof short terms of mili tary servioe the Army and Naval Journal says: " Short terms have always been mistakes. The first call for three month*' troops was a great error, but an ex Eedient in a crisis. The nine months' troops were useful, ut their time had better have been made longer, s<> that the work of two campaign might have been done by them, instead of <ne. Besides, they were discharged soon after being trained to usefulness as soldiers. The majority, pro bably, woul I have volunteered for twelve or fifteen ninths m quickly as for nine. So now, fifteen months even would hive been a better term of service than twelve." Our contemporary, in looking at such ques tions exclusively from a military point of view, oalls Presiient Linooln's first summons for three months' troops "a great error." It is not just so to denominate it, anil least of a'.1 to ascribe any blame on this score to Mr. Lincoln, for tho laW of 1795, under which he actcd in calling for those troops, did not permit him to call them for a longer term. That statute, our readers will remember, providos in its second section that? " Whenever the laws of the United States shall be op posed, or the execution thereof obstructed in any Htat*. by combinations too powerful to be suppressed by the ordina ry course of judicial proceedings, or by the powers vested in the marshals by this act, it shall be lawful for the Presi dent of the United States to call forth the m>litia of such State, or of any o:her State or States, as may be nec?s?ary to suppress such combinations and to cause the Inws to he duly eiecu'ed ; and the use of militia so to be calU-d forth may be continued, i/ necessary, until the expiration of thirty days after the. commencement of the then next session of Confrtiss." As on the samo day (it was tho 15th of April, 1861) on which tho President oalled for 75,000 men under this not, he summoned the Senators and Representatives to meet in extraordinary ses sion on tho ensuing 4th of July, it follows that the term of service of the troops thus callod would have expired by neoessary legal limitation thirty days after tho commencement of the said session. And it was in recognition of this fact that tho Pre sident prescribed the term of three months. And so with regard to the nino months' men af terwards oalled into scrviee, it is not pertinent to ?ay, as implying any reflection on the Kxecutive, that " their time had better have been mado longer, ?o that the work of two campaigns might have been done by tbem instead of one." The term of ?ervico which these troops wore called to render was fixed by tho act of Congress approved July 17, 1802, and tho President could not have called them for a longer period without disregarding tho express provisions of tho statute which was his only authority in the promises. We entirely oonour with tho Journal in all it says about the impolicy of short military terms, but it is propor that tho responsibility for fixing such terms should be laid at the door of tho Legislative rather than of the Eieoutivo Department of the Government. Tbe last European mail brings the intelligent^ of the death of Thomas Colley (Jrattan, formerly English Consul at Boston, and the author of several excellent works of jtotiPOf THE LATE BATTLE3 IN GEORGIA. Major Geo. Thomas, commanding the Army of the Cumberland, haa issued the following interest ing circular to the army near Atlanta: Ahmy Heaihiuaktehn, July 36, 1864. The Mtyor General oommamliug tbe Aruiy congratulate the troops upon the brilliaut success attending the Uniou arm* in the late buttle*. lu the battle of the 20th instant, iB which the Twentieth Corps, one division of the Fourth Corps, aud part of the Fourteenth Corps were engaged, the total Union loss in killed, wounded, and missing was one thousand seven hun dred and thirty-three. In front of tbe Twentieth Corps there were put out of the fight six thousand rebela. I ive hundred and sixty-three of the enemy were buried by our own troops, and the rebels were permitted to bury two hundred and fifty. The second division of the Fourth Corps repulsed seven different assaults of the enemy with light loss to themselves, and which must have swelled the number of dead buried by the rebels to beyond three hun dred. We also captured seven stands of colors. No official report has been received of the part taken in the bittle by the F.uiteenth Corps. In the buttle of the 33d instant the total Union loss in killed, wounded, and missing was throe thousand live hundred men and ten pieces of artillery. The rebel loss in prisoners captured was three thousand two hundred. The known dead of the enemy in front of the Fifteenth and Sixteenth Corps and one division of the Seventeenth Corps was two thousand one hundred and forty-two. The other divisions -of the Seventeenth Corps repulsed six assaults of the,enemy before they fell back, and which will swell the rebel less in killed to at least three thou sand. The latest reports state that we buried over three thousand two hundred rebls killed in tbia fight. Theie w.ire captured from the enemy in this battle eighteen stands of colors and five thousand stands of arms. By oomcjaud of Mfjor General Thomas : W. D. Whipple, Assist. Adj. General. A despatch dated at Nashville (Tenn.) on the 81st of July says : " Gen. Hooker passed tbmogh this city en route lor the North this morning. It is here understood that he leaves Sherman's command to enter upon other duties elsewhere, aud that General Rousseau suoceeds him as the com mander of tbe Twentieth Corps. General 8tanley sue ?eeds Gen Howard in command of the Fourth Corps. Gen. Howard has been amigued to the command of the Army of the Tennessee, in place of Gen. McPhersou, killed. " Tbe battle of the 22d was a flank attack of the enemy upon our left. Luring that attack tbe Seventeenth Corps was crumbled up, but not until it had repulsed several of the desperate charges of tbe rebels, and afforded time for L"gan, who temporarily succeeded McPherson in com maud of the Army of the Tennessee, in fa;e about aud re pel the assaults made ou him. Our correspondents with that army state that the rebels were driven back to their last line of works around the city. " The battle of the 2dth instant was an assault ia force on the Fifteenth Corps,>nd appears to have resulted in as complete a defeat of the rebels as that of the 23d. 8ix hundred and forty-two 4e"l rebels were buried by our forces alter that battle." o THE BATTLE OF THE 23d JULY Correspondence of the Cincinnati Gazette Near Atlanta, (Ga ) July 23. Again bave tbe great armies met, tested their strength, and displayed a valor seldom witnessed on tbe proudest battle fields. A splendid plan of the enemy to desttwy the Union army has been frustrated by tbe help of God, the sagacity of our generals, and the bravefy of our troops. I speak advisedly in attributing .the rfsult to th-se three agencies, as the reader will see by following these lines : To gain a clearer view of tbe position fet us go back to tbe 31st instant. On that day an advance of the Twenty third Corps, joined by the Fifteenth and Seventeenth Corps, was made in line, until the position gained was little more than two miles from the city Gen. Blair found an im portant petition iu Jlis front called Bald Hill, an eminence to tha south of the railroad, which ue deemed ijecpsssry to occupy. He charged the position and took it, though with a loss of seven hundred. From this the main works and the buildings of Atlanta could be plainly seen. At nigbt on that day tbe Army of the Tennetsee was entrenched in lino running nearly south, facing west, and reaching from Hchofield's left a hall mile north of tbe rail road to a point neatly or quite two miles south of the railroad, in the following order: Sixteenth Corps on the right, Fifteenth in the coitre, and Seventeenth ou the left. The line at the extreme left was thrown well back to guard the flank. A 8TRANUE MOVEMENT. At dark op the 31st the rebels were busy building works in our front. At daylight on the 23d the pickets discov ered them evacuated, and the rebels all within their main line Our skirmish line was at once advanced, and pre paration* made to have the whole line advance to tbe line thrown up by the rebels. Schnfield's corps moved up fir-t and began to reve?e thf? works Tbe movement was carried on t ward the lelt Tbe Fifteenth Corps joined to the Twenty third, while the Sixteenth was ordered to the extreme l?*f'. . , ... - Various opinions were entertained as to the meaning ol this backward movement on the part ol tbe enemv. Cou'd it mean the evacuation of the city 7 That was tbe concur rent testimony of scouts and J-iserters Or could they be going to try the virtues of a siege f That was the earnest wish of every Union soldier. TUB LINE ADVANCING. Early in the day Schofleld and Logan had reversed the rebel works in th< ir' front and advanced their main line within three quarters of a m le of the main defences of . Atlanta. Blair h td s-nt out working parties to complete, tbe works in bis front, while Dodge, who was to tak?< po sition on Blair's left, afW h* got into positioo, was buny reoonnoitering h s position. From the position assigned to Gen. Dodge the court house and other buildings of the city oould plainly be seen, scarcely a mile distant, while the frowning torts.loomed up much nearer, and unpleasantly lerociou* in appearance While tbe Goneral was coolly survejlng one of these works from the nearest picket post, and endeavoring to ascertain their strength and armament, a cloud of white smoke arose from one of the eaibrajures. and a screaming shell came flying at the little pa-ty gathered ground him, and buried itself in the ground not twenty feet brf re him w thout burst ng. The General and party withdrew, though not without receiving sevral more compliments of the same iorl, fortunately without injury. Tbi* was about twelve o'clock. Gen. Blair s troop* were not yet in position, and, with the exception of *troi>g working partie*, were occupying tbe line made the pre viou* day Gen Fuller, with Col Merrill's brigade, (1st brigade, 4th division, 16th A C ) was in reserve m roar of Gen. Giles A. Bmith's division?the left of Blair ? Corps. Gen. Hweeney's division had been ordered up and bad halted for oners in the rear of Oeo. Fuller. It wa* this accidental position of the Siiteenth Corps at that parti* u lar hour which proved a God seni to the Union *rmy. which in fact saved it from serious disaster. Just at this time, too, Gen. Dodge return* d from ?he skirmish line, and while seated at dinner, with Gen. Fuller, wa* first app: ised of the pretend* of Hi* enemy in uoknoWn foro* along our left flank. He Immediately gave order* to Gen. Sweeny to put hit division in petition to protect the flank and rear; ana, rising from hi* half finished dinner, he rode at once to see the position. THE DENOUEMENT. The mystery of the falling baek into the main works by the rebels lfi tbe morning was soon solved. A lull Corps (Hardee's) had made the circuit of our left flank and were about to attack us In tbe rear. What if Sweeny had been elsewhere? Who ean tell what might have been the result 1 In a short spieo of time Gen. Sweeny's I ne was formed. Col. Rioe'* brigade facod to the rear, eastwardly, and Col. Mercy's fronting sooth ; the 14'h Ohio battery at the angle of the two lines, and Welker's battery (1st Mo. H.) in the centre of Rice's brigade. Finding from the skirmish firing that thia line was too short, Gen. Dodpe first ordered ont one regiment from Gob. Fuller's division, aud then the Merit bnThde (ifoirril"'") *? be f,,ruiftd on the right of Col. Mer.y. The remainder of Gen. Fuller'. division bad been sent to Decatur on the 21st to guard the wagon trains ATTACK ON SWEENY Gen. fuller'. brigade wai hardly in po.ition when the few.hira.uher.of.be 17th Corp.; who had Seen b !5? front, were driven in, and oioie after them, at the ed?e of the woodg not three hundred yard* di.tant, appeared the wain rebel hue. Gen. Dodged the ticne wM JTthe lith Ohio battery at.d ordered it to opeo on them In * Se rebel rar.k.6'1 tTT ?*'u? with d<**<ily certainty into itaelf f?r ? h? ^ "topped for a moment, then steadied H.eil for a blow and came forward. The quick- eve of Gen Dodge at once .aw that the line whs all too ton J for hi. three brigade., and if it was not checked or driven back weuM turn hi. left and work uuU Id mischief. SUtOhi ?f b"llet< to the commander of the 8Ut Ohio regiment, Lieut. Col. Adam., he directed bim lo ?12th Ilir r,'g''nant. Passing on to the u-xt regiment, ( 2th Illinois,) he gave the same order to Lieut. Col. Van Sellar. Inspired by the presence and bravery of their ?,D? i1?1""1' the,e two '^Kiment. moved out with a ?hout, and coming aionud tbe point of a ridge un expectedly on the rebel foroe, slaughtered them terribly id cuptured a large number of prisoners, with two stands ,'L i0" Nrvef ""M the battle of Corinth have I wit IfcL^ *-ai>^ * ,oene thli" WHi h*? ftt this charge L th i- rieverhalt so besutif.il as when borne by Erave-hearted men through the battle Ca^eWeib?r* KaT 0n ,h" eUeu,y* Lifrut Laird'? ?,id ? k ,r bftttene. poured ceaseless volleys into the ranks now plain before them in tbe open fle.d. and in the wood, beyond. Meanwhile, Col. Morrill', impetuous it tolhl' T f h* , obar#ed aud drov? 'be enemy before iunoort on eth, r? i 1,1 thig P?"ilioD U WM Wlth""t mo t fcj ^ *ht' and wa" compelled to fall baok-a most hazardous movement, yet by no mean, demoralizing, bb tbe line wu promptly re-formed at its origiual position u-d a?"u ?^f*ed.t0 driTe 'be rebel, back. Gi.ce more brigade crossed that bloody ti.-ld, and once more it was compelled to fall back under a gilliug fire; but, never despairing, the weakened line bravely rallied the second time and held it. position. Severely it Buffered in th se movements. Col. Morrill, ts commander was of the"271rOh'i 6 ,U tW?A plKCnS' Li?Ut Cwl- Cburchill. of the 27th Ohio, received a ball on the lower metal button of h'a vest, dumbin g bim for a time. fliE^a a, Qeu Dod?? hsd to Gen. Giles A. Smith to notify him of the .ituation in hi. rear thrr W h? division on the Hue, and to ask bim to relerw?! M aD#le wi,h hi* ''O?- He had no reserve. / Ihe enemy soon prr..ed on hi. flank and rear Iff )!? 6"d bttck 8oon tbis becttul? ^ practicable, and his meu, attacked in rear, jumped over tfcoir works and fought m revere. Hatdly did they re a ?- ki"d uutil thelr uew rear W0U,J be wi!kt ?TnB?t,f*ain y "?U'd rave 10 "h*0** ?id? of the k j ? Way PorllODS ot General Smith', division out'?los2 'tzJx"!e* ?/ .Cour8? ?11 tbi? wa. not done witB out los.. Portion, of two regiments were cut off, ai d Sl?ervW?2H n ft a T* 0?P,ured- H??, too, Murray's ^ Artillery, temporarily detached from the ? ?in vtZT.tT' rPtUred" ,U bhJ beeu 0fderfd b?k to Gen. Puller at the beginning of the action, and while on tbe way was cut off and tbe pieces captured Over one w as ciTptured meB '10Ce rep?rted* Lieut" Murray GEN. M'PHERSON H'LLEH.' The event which will cast a gloom over tbe whole coun try occurred about tbi. time, in front (late rear) of Gen. with nJ!!' n'J V/i*1" m^tT>thfl be?iunin8 the battle with Gen. Dodge. Gen. McPherson had visited him, and having looked at the ground, and dispatched every one of his stuff on various errands, said he would go and .ee the be..8a,loPed a,onrt. plunged into the timber, W ? t ?kBle! lir,e of battle. Too cowardly to Ak bravery ?f ??fib an officer, the rebel, fired a y y at tbell?enflral- Hi. horse plunged a.ide, the life nd*r M} t0 ,thp e?rtb, and the Army of tbe Tennessee vf! a i,er'?u ?b !JWhy ia thrt ffttB of Wftr ?o cruel 7 Why was he, tbe pride of the army and the na tion, cut down 7 McPherson?the humblest .oldier in all* hi. army had learned to know him and to love him; tbe highe.t officer m hi. command ooveted hi. compan.onsbip. Ueuial without familiarity, dignified without stiff formality, he maintained the profoundest re.pect and won the warm est admiration of all. CEK. LOGAN ASMUME8 COMMARIi. It WM a dark hour when a .taff officer daihed up to Gen. Logan and whispered to bim tbp sad tiding. , for it was thoupbt brst to dot let the army know, so early in the actu n, sncb bad new. The designs at;d strength t?f the enemy were r:ot yet developed Precisely where to look Tora blowno one knew. The Sixteenth Corps bad re pulsed the attack on its position, and had bravely held iU ground. The Seventeenth was being pushed in, though fighting with the .tubbornnej. of veteran, a. they were. Ue^. Logan s fir.t order was to send a division on Gen. Dodge, left to guard again.t a rear attack Thi. was taken from the Twenty-third Corps, and the Fifteenth Corps had to lengthen out to fill the spsce. CEMTRtC iiROKEN AND RE-RHTARLINHED. The force came on Morgan L. Smith', division, and after one of tbp .everest tight, of the campaign they drove back bi. division, capturing the artillery, among which was the famous De Gra. Battery. A genuine artillerist l. always as tender - f his gun. as he would be of hn children, and it i. ?aid that Capt De Gra. wept at the lo.. of hi. gun. Uen Logan r paired in person t<> Gen. Dodge lo g*t as ai.tai.oe in retaking tbe line and the guns. Gen Dodg* sent up Col. Mersy'. b. igade. It bad slready fought a se vere battle and had endured the fatigue ?.f a day's watrh fnlness, h?t at the eound of danger it moved off without a W?rn' ,Ar.min* 00 tbe grouod, the brigade wt-nt in with a yell, deploying as it went up. Company officers vied with each other in being first to reach the works held bv the enemy. The line was triumphantly carried, and with it a large number of prisoner.. It was Hood's corp. which bad made tbe *mauU tber?. RESULTS. The los. of the^lixteenth Corps will probably reach one thousand. The fc^vente^nth lost fifteen hundred, while the rilteenlh did not lose more than five hundred, m?king a tot,, of three thousand. Judging from tbe front of the Sixteenth Corps, the rebels lost at least twice as heavily as we 'lh*-yleft their dead and wounded in our hands every where except where the Seventeenth Corps yielded. lardee s Corps made a desperate effort t<i gain our rear but fortunately was met by the indefatigable commander of the Sixteenth Corps aud was hurled bnck. Only with the left of tbe Seventeenth Corps, which was cut off before it could macpcuver, did he gsjn any luecess. Hood tried to bresk our crntre, partially succeeded with h- avy loss but was by tbe timely arrival of Col. M rsy'a br.gale, driven back with greater loss. Altogether the splendid achieve "Vd" Wb'Ch WHre eIfecU!'d be accomplihhed utterly col. bpraouk'h dkfenck of decatur. A part of the plan consisted in .ending Wheeler's caval ry to destroy the traii.n in our rear. '1 he only guard we ha for these was three regiments of Col. Sprague's bri gade. Po.ted in J>ratur. Of hi. severe engagement and : successful defenee of our train, too inueh cannot be said in praise. Hi. lo.. wa. over two hundred, yet all unaided withstood ibe onwt of two divisions of Wheeler', cavalry, aud .aved our trains. J CAHUAI.TIES. Gen. Force and Col Fry, (20th Ohio,) of the Seventeenth ' Corps jere wounded. Lieut. Col. Br-wu, 63i Ohio, was wounded The Adjutant of the regiment and Capt Thorn were killed- Col. Mersy. in going into position to retake the line of the> I-ifteenth Corp., was si ghtly wound d by 1 the fall of hi. favorite horse, which was shot Li>ut Col SriwlL rVT" W" pa'!,'ully won?ded Msjur Camp bell, With Illinois, was seriously wounded. Lieut W II leters.Ceth Ind ana, and Capt Heat?n, 2d Iowa, w.ns 1 wounded. A truee for burying the dead was had to-day LATER FROM GEN. SHERMAN'S ARMY. Nabuvim.e, (Tens ) Julv 29.?Gen. Sherman's army was .gain put iu motion yesterdsy to accomplish an im- i porlant oporation looking to an early inve.tment of Atlanta, i The enemy yesterday attempted to interrupt the move ment by attacking the Fifteenth Corp., but were badly repulsed. During the ooute.t we took fri m the rebel, four or .ix regimental flag.. There are no other details . that can be made public, but the ptiblie may rest aasun d that every thing has been aucceasful. The rebels aie said to have erected strong work, at Atlanta, and it is not at all uulikely that they may keep u. at bay for a tew day. longer if they remain in their present poaition, but if they i do Hood cftii scarcely save tho remnant cf his army. o? REBEL NEWS FROM ATLANTA, (Georgia.) The Cincinnati Gasette acknowledge, tbe reei'iptof file. Of the Atlanta Appeal from July 17th to the evening of July 20th, from which it make, the following interesting extract., di.clo.ing the hopeful .pirit of the rebel.. The Appoal alone wutinued to be published ia Atlanta, the other paper* having taken the prudent precaution to re move in autioipatiou of the speedy corning of uupleasant eventt: In Front or Atlanta, Julv It]?P. M. To day has b>eu the dullest of the campaign, scarcely a ?hot being fired. A highly intelligent officer with whom I conversed to day gives it an his opinion that Sherman will not be able to make another movement, especially away from the railroad, until he has accumulated more supplies, which will require at least ten days yet. And when he crosses the river he will be met in an open field fight, aud the ooutest for the gate city be decided. A large force of the enemy's cavalry, accompanied by two batteries of artillery, the whole being estimated at six thousand, started down the north side of the river last night for the purpose of making a raid upon the Atlanta and West Point railrold ; West Point being, as it is supposed, their point of desti nation. Prompt measures have been taken lo meet them, and the result is anxiously looked (or. I hazard nothing I in saying that they will yet regret their having raid-iattd ?o far from the main body. Peachtrf.e Ridoe, July 1G. This is one of the fronts?the infantry front?while the cavalry front is still farther in advance. Neither ha* been troubled by any movements of significance for some tiuie Affairs here are as dull and monotonous as the siege of Charleston, and will remain so until one party or the other becomes disposed to assume the offensive. The Yankee pickets called to ours across the river yesterdy that they ha' captured Gen. Forrest in Nor'h'Misoisxlppi. The practice of exchanging pnpers and trafficking with them has been abolished Our men became so familiar with them at one time as to suspend hostilities and unite in a grand bathing jollification. It is thought that Yankee engineers were in the crowd to take observations and learn the lo calities of fords. On oue of these occasions a working paity was brought down by the enemy and put to work building fortifications. Our men were withdrawn, aud this gauie rpeedily ended by a few shells from our batteries. On the Left, Jui.v 17. The enernv seems to be on the move. He has taken all his infantry from our front and marched them up the river, and big right wing rested last night at Euff s Station. What this portends we cannot determine with certainly, but the impresnion prevails tha' he intends to cross his whole force at or near Koswell H* w:!l probably tfien move out no the Georgia and Macon and Western railroads, unless con fronted by fcleu. Johnston, and endeavor to destroy those works No uneasiness need be felt in Atlanta, however, fur Gen. JobDstou is, to use an almost threadbare expres sion, " waster of the situation." A few days will deter mine what iherman is up to, and it may bring on a buttle. Nous vcrrotfi. If Front of Atlanta, July 19 Evening. The fight on Nance's creek yesterday, between Wil liams's brigftde ai.d Hooker's entire corps turns out to have been ol more importance than was at first supposed. Finding that they were advancing in heavy force, Old " Cerro Gordo" determined to impede their advance as much as possible uutil toe commander-ia chief could be notiied and make preparations to meet them. Dismount* ii g his men,ami concealing tbeui in the dense undergrowth, he brought up two pieces of artillery, and hastily construct ed a marked battery upon the opposite side of tho road from the direction in whici they were advancing; the woods cppofite their position having bem but nod recently, affording tbfm a fine view in their front. They had batn in position but it short time when the enemy** skirmishers were discovered, who pressed forward, closeiy followed by the mam btriy, uuaychuitf in column. Their skirmishers >v. re allowed tu approach within twenty paces, wh-u tbe signal was given, juid a murderous fire was poured into them at point blank rauge; the artillery ( pening at the same time with shell and canister upon the head of the columu Tie enemy broke and fled iu wild cnufusicn, but were again le-formed and advanced in line of Uattio Geu. Williams then withdrew about one mile and formed an other ambukade, into which the enemy fell agan; hut, after wavern g some time, finally advanced again, aud tried to Uink him upon tbe righl. The 1st Kentucky, then in reserve, was ordered to charge them, in order to bring iff the artillery ?<id horses, whtcli was done in gallant "tyla. Five t men during the day were tbey ambu*Caded, and Gen. Williams estimates the;r loss at five hundred killed and wounded and twenty-two prisoners. Our loss was twenty one, including Qapt. MoCawley, who, Gen. Williams says, was the best staff officer be ever saw in aov arjjyr. The following corps of thp onemy are aaown to have crofted the fiver, and on day before yesterday were loca ted between Pea ofc tree creek aud the river, in tho follow ing order and strong y fortified, the right reatin- on Hoe- 1 well and the left at th-? mouth of Pcirutree crtvii-?Palm- I er's, 1). dge's, Logan's, Howard's, SohofleidV and Hook er's?Blsir's corns being s*aUuued at Vining's station and Marietta, guarding those points. McPherson's headquar ters were at Koswell, aud Sherman's and Thomas' oppo site 8. ap's feiry and Shaker lord. But of course theftr positions, some of tbem at 1ea*t, have been changed since then as Hooker bad advanced from his position when he encountered V/iliiams. Guard's division of pavairy encamped about four milrs from Decatur last night, aud returned to the railroad this morning, where tfcey awaited the arrival ol Logan's corps and then advanoed upon thnt place, which was defended by our cavalry, who w< re compelled to fall back iu tho direction of Atlanta. The enemy shelled the place furi ously, and it is reported that a large poition of the town was destroyed by fire; but this lacks confirmation. Dodge's corps is also moviug in that direction, from which it would seem that Sherman is determined to push us to the will, and 1 serioualy hope it may be so. Tbe enemy's right now rests on Peschtree creek, near Durant's mill, and tunning southwardly rests upon tbe Rockbridge road, at a point about two miles l.elow Deca tur. All are in high glee at the prospect of an immediate battle, and I think from appearances that their wii-hes will be gratified within tbe next thirty six hours Tbe gallant Cheatham was put in command of Hood's corps last night, aud will lead it in the approaching battle; aud if 1 h?-y follow where he lead*, which I do not question, you may look for glorious results. PEACHTRF.E CREPK, Jl'LY 19 The enemy advanced cautiously but stea-lily yesterday. Our cavalry dismounted and contested tbe ground obsti nately. Williams's aud Kelly's brigades were well handled, aud displayed great coolness ; but steady lines of infantry forced theui finally to retire across tbe bridge over Peach tree crerk, tint not until they had inflicted severe puni-h ment upon the f< e, with small loss to themselves. The loss of tbe enemy is thought to be about one hundred. Our men fired fiotn redoubts and ambuscades, h nee they were not so exposed as the enemy. Fifteen or twenty of lh? 1st Keutucky cavalry, including the lieut?Miant-col?v. n>'l, adjutant, and other officers, were captured by the enemy, but mr m <n rallied to the point, recaptured the prisoner.*, and took fifteen Yankees L Thi* morning tbe enemy opened a brisk sh lling up m u? from th - oppiisite bank of tbe creek They appear ti he f. eling for our position,- snd endeavoring to elicit the lire ol our batteries, but have not so far suc.ce>'ded. Th > xbarp Mhooters are playing a lively hand this morning. We c >n siib-r the campaign resumed again in earnest The short r> ppite we have ei'J >yed has pioduced an admirabl ? efect The army is fully rested, aud will go into tbe coming con diet with renewed strength and determination The tactics of our present c^mmsnd^g general, whether offenfive or defensive, will soon be developed, a id his an tecedents are such as to justify the highest expectations of the army. We ardently trust that the most gratifying result* may follow this important change. Our army is in a splend d state of discipline. Fvery man is a hero and veteran. All await with confidence th" honr when we are to bo led to battle, believing that, victory, glorious aud complete, though bloody, will follow. I he fat?^ of Atlanta, though wrapped n inscrutable uncertainty will soon be de cided. The soldiers will do their duty. In front of Atlanta, July 20?A. M. Last evening the enemy attempted to advance their line (if skirmishers acci rding to their old cu-tom, in oider to advance their works in front of Keynotes s brigade of Ste venson's division ; but old " Gauley" was wide awake, and they were pr mptly met and diiven back in disorder, leav ing one hundred and twenty five prisoners, including a osptain and two lieutenants, in our hard*, who are n<>w registered and ready to join the hosts who have gone before them to Andersnnville. The affair was well conducted, and is higbly spoken of It also shows that, notwiLbsUnd ing the deep gloom that has overspread the army lor the past few days, the fighting qualities of the men have uot been impaired in the least. During a heavy skirmish in front of Walker's division about the ?am? time, Li?ut. Col. llale and twenty five men of the 3d Tennessee were cap tured, Having advanced beyond the supporting column deployed as sku mishers, a body of Ihs enemy was thrown forward, who out them i ff Slight skirmishing ha< beeu going on this morning in front ot Cheatham's corps, along Peachtree creek, and one of our batteries on the Wil liams's mill road is shelling tbelr skirmishers as I write. I have been unable to learn any thing definite from the movement on Decatur, or the extent of damage done Put 1 know that tbe movement is regarded as a leint, ih ii am object being to get possession of tbn railroad bridge, and in my Judgement tho hard ii'gttmg will be upon th< Peaehtree road, and not upon the right of our prevent line. Surgeon H A. Grimes, .l*4d Ohio, and First Lieut. W. M. Parvme, 84th Illinois, together with several privates, were , brought m this morumg. Dr. Grimes belongs to Blair'a Corpa, (Seventeenth,) which'he state* haa croaaed over the ri?er nod gone iu direction of Decatur. If this ia true th-re can bo no furoe of any conaequence upon the north ?i'*e of the Cbattahoncbie. The enemy knew yesterday of the change of commander*, and-tbe priaonera all aay that they expect to have to fight now. o REBEL ACCOUNTS OF THE BATTLE. If any deapatcbea from Geu. Sherman have been re ceived by the War Department respecting the great batt'e ou the SWJ inatant, they have uot been aufTered to trana pi re in an authentic form, The aubjoined extract* from the Richmoud Enquirer of the '2Gth inatant embody Gen llood'a official report of tba engagement and two unofficial deapatcbea from oorreapoudonta of the newapaper preaa. They iuoreaae the public anxiety to receive full and trust worthy particular* of thia terrible conflict. From the Richmond Enquirer of July 96. The glorious news from Northern Georgia absorbed the public attention on Saturday and yeuteiday; the city wnt lively with delightful exciteineut; ai.d even the griiu a.v vmhh, who affect to I'D an almost interminable war, grew buoyant with hope. The fate of Sherman, and ita bearing upon the result of the general campaign and the war, waa liberally discuaxed; aud.it waa generally accepted that, should the effect of Hood'a initiatory engagement* be sus tained and culminate in a deciaive victory, no feara, not even doubts, need be entertained as to the reaulta of the campaign in Virginia. Grant having expended the force of numbers at bis command in vain, strategic force may then be employed by him to about the aame purpose. The following in the official despatch of Geu. Hood: Atlanta, July 22?10 30 P. M. Hon. SecuetaRY ok Waii : Tue army shifted its po sition fronting on l'eaohtree creek Inst night, and Stewart's and Cheatham's corps formed lineol battle round the city. Hardee's Corps made a night march, and attacked the enemy's extreme left to-day at one o'clock, aud drove him from hia works, capturing sixteen pieoes of artillery and five stands of colors. Cheatham attacked the euemy at four o'clock P. M. with a portion of bis command, aud drove the euemy, cauturing six pit ces of artillery. Dur ing the engagement we oaptured about two thousand 'pri soners Wheeler's cavalry routed the enemy iu the neigh borhood of Deoatur, capturing hia camps. Our loss is not fully ascerta ued. Mai Gen. Walker killed; Brig Gens. Smith, Gist, and Mercer wounded. Prisoners re port McPheraoa killed. Our troops fought with great gallantly. J. 13. Hood, General. UNOFFICIAL DESPATCHES. Hi i Enquirer of the same date contaius also the follow ing unofficial despatches from Atlanta : Atlanta, July 22,1864. About two o'clock this aftemoou the enemy attacked our left, under Gen. Stewart, with great vigor. They were received with a galling fire from both artillery and infantry, which caused them to falter, when the order was given to charge. Among their killed is Gen McPherson, who was shot through the heart; Brig. Gen. Giles A. Smith, and (the Yankee) Gen. Hrod. Gen Gresbam lost a leg. Our troops left th>*ir breastworks and charged with great rapid ity, driving the enemy from two I<d?m of entrecchuieat* hud ii dieting great slaughter, capturing a large number of prisoners and twerfty-two pieces of art'llery. Geu. Hardee. Laving passed around the enemy's fl*nk, is now in their rear, doing great execution. The fighting still continues. ' Atlanta, July 23,18C4. Gen. Wheeler, last evening, httacked the enemy's left, iu th* neighborhood of Decatur, i t\J di *>v?* tbem bAck. cap turing five hundred wagons, with supplies, aud a large nuuiber of prisoners. He is still pursuing. There was *?jry Utile fighting after dark yesterday. Two thousand prisoners, locludiug seveuty-five commissioned officers, twentj tive pieces of artillery, and seven sUnds of colors hive been brought in. The losses on either aide are net yet known. Oura waa eevere in officers. Comparative quiet reigns this moruing. There ia sjme little skirmishing ou our lefc. i EXCITEMENT IN HICHMOND. Under this heading, in another article, th<? Enquirer of the 2.">tb ci mments ns follows ou the military situation: "Ttie i,ewe of the victory at Atlanta, which the tele graph brought to Kiehuiend on last Saturday, delighted ihe public as much as any that has been received during the war; it caused a general joy throughout the city, aud v.ill carry Ihe sitae to all quart-rs of the country "Geu Hood has signalized his acceptance of the com mand of the Army ol Tennessee with a brilliant victory, and justified bis selection by success, the highest evidence of its propriety. The tide bus turned, the army has ftced about, and the strategy of advance takes the place over that of retreat. The initiative of attack has at last been taken by our army, aud its prestige and morale wrested from the enemy. Gen. Hood has turned upon the enemy, and been successful. '? It is impossible to convey un idea of the gratification which the news ol this victory caused. The press despatch was nt first doub ed. So often bad the community been elated by the fust news from that army only to he disap po ntrd by subsequent intelligence ibat men hesitated to believe what they read; but soon the offlo al despatch of (Jen. H< od dispelled all dt ubt. and the public felt that a change had not only taken plac? iu commanders, but that a new policy bad been successfully inaugurated that may lend to recovery of all that has been lost, and eventually carry our victorious banners into the territories of our enemy " (>1 the completeness of this vict -ry at the time of writ ing nothing is known; but the army is n iw, notwith standing its losses, much stronger than before it measured strength with its adversary The attack wrss made^not received ; the enemy were dr.ven, not repulsed. These terms are new to be applied to the battl-s of the Army of 'J ennessee. '? Gen Hood, we believe, is not the man to rest satisfied with rveu attacking and driving the enemy. He wll fid* low up his advantages, and now that he has broken up the old policy ol that army, ho will, he injist press on, and cease not to drive the enemy btck and eventually i ut of Georgia. Light breaks from the only dark point in our line*. A'latita is now ft It to be safe, aud Georgia will soon l>e fre < from the foe. The central army of the Con federacy has recovered its pre*t go and deleaied the ex tiliaul euemy." LATER REBEL NEWa FROM GEORGIA. From the Hichmond Examiner of July 2C'A. 1 ho most important news welia.eis that coutaiued in the following despatch from Gen. Hood i Atlanta, July 23, 18G4. Hon. J. A. Sedrton, Sioretary of H'ar : In the engagement yesterday we captured eighteen stands of colors instead of flv.?, and thirteen guns iusiead of twenty-two, as previously reported. Brig. Gen. Mercer was not wounded. All is quiet to day, except a little picket-firing ayd occasional shells thrown into th* city. J B. Hood, General. From this it will be seen that the battle begun under such fav. rable auspices on Friday and continued so, suc cessfully was not returned on Satin day nor ou Sunday. Gen. Hood, iu his first despatch biter the fight, was m s taken as to th? number of caunon oaptured by our troops. This is asmill matter. If be bad killed McPhersori, aud driven Sherman across tbe Chattahoochie, we should have been content without taking a gun or a prisoner. As far as we are able to penetrate into the state of afl'aira, tbe chiof fruits of Friday's oporutrona are, we iufer, that we prevented the enemy from enveloping Atlanta from the east. His position west and north of the town is unchanged, or. if chnnged at all, bo has pressed nearer the eity. It has been seen from the despatch, he throws shell into it. Tliia is uncomfortable proximity, as tbe people ot our sis ter city of Petersburg can testify. Atlanta, July 25, 1*t>4. There has been continued skirmishing f- r the past two d:?ys. M?nv shells from the enemy's batt< r o< have er. t red the eity, and a few houses have been struck, but no material damage haa been doue. The enemy's extreme right endeavored to gain possession of a commanding emi nence between their and onr lines, hut were repulsed by the 11th Texas regiment. All quiet this morning. The Richmond Di?pateb of the 27t,h ultimo contains the fallowing despatch from Atlanta : Atlanta, July 25,1&G4. The enemy made an attempt last night to break our i lines, but was repulsed by Cheatham after * conflict of one I hour. During the day quiet prevailed around the city, the I only demonstration being oocasunal picket tiring, At midday to-dny tbe Yankees opeued with shell agnin upon the city, libelling it oue hour with some vigor. No notice of hi* luteution to shell tbe city wan given to enable th? women and children to be removed to places <>P safety. His barbarous violation of tbe usages of civilized warfare only enabled him to murder a few uon-coiobatants. Most of tbe shells cauie from tweuty-pounder Parr'tt guus iu position on tbe line of tbe Western Atlanta rail road,'with occasioual missiles from another guu east of tbe city. Tbe gallant operations of Wednesday and Friday seem to have impressed tbe Yankees with a wholesome desire to strengthen their tiai.kx, which they are ri?w doing '1 heir display of rocket signals has been brilliant, indicat ing some movement on their p<?/t. The following addrets to tbe troops was read this morn ing : IlRADteiuKriRH Akmk of Tennessee, lathe field, July'?iH, I8?54. Noldikim: Experisnce h?s prffved to you that pafn?y iu " time ot batil* consists iu ^eitiUK >nu> c one quirteis with tbe ; enemy. Guns and colors a<e the Gnly nn-r'ing indications of victory. The valor of tr ops is easily estimated too. by the number of these received. If your* enemy be al owt d to continue the opor-u nt of tl nkintf yo? oat of position, our cuiiho is in peril. Your recent brilliant tuccesa proves you* aliili y to prevent it. Ton hare bui to will it, and God will Krunt us the victory which your commander and your oouu iry confidently expect J. It. Hood, General. Macon, 'j huksday, Jin,* 28, 1864.. Latest advices from Atlanta by train and telegraph are to yesterday evening. Wi' Irani by th? triwi which left at uightiail that tbe enemy attacked our left, extending from the citv toward I ho Cbattahoochie, ye?te?day, and \fern repulsed and driven about a ujile. Lata last evening order# were re ceived by telegraph to send earn and hnug the wounded to the rear. A telegram from a high officer to Geu Johnston, dated Atlanta, yesterday, has bien received here, stating that fighting i? now going oo, and we have drivoa thrui. Details not known. Gena. Stewart, Walthall, and Loring are re p rted wounded. Private telegrams from Griflin report Gen. Wheeler wounded. A cavalry force of the enemy, strength un known, struck the Macon and Western railroad, below Jonesboro, thin morning, and are reported to be tearing up the road in thin direction. Another cavelry force ol the enemy is to day reported near Clinton, advancing toward this place. FROM ATLANTA. Notwithstanding the rebel claim of a great victory at Atlanta, it is announced that the information received by the Goverum nt irom Gen. Sherman's army contiuuea.to represent affairs to be very satisfactory. Among the latest intelligence disclosed to the public is ttie mention of a de spatch from Gen. Sherman's headquarters, giving an ac count of a battle with Hood's army on Wednesday last. Hood, it is stated, on that day made a tierce assault upon Sherman's lines and was repulsed with serious loss. Our army lost six hundred killed und wounded, and they buried six hundred and sixty dead rebels left on the field. THE SHENANDOAH VALLEY. Harpek's Fekkv, July 29, I8tJ4. There is av, invasion going forward h<_?re, but it is not an invasion of Maryland. Harper's Ferry is once again, in its varied experience during this war, the scentj of active mi litary operations, and the pontoon bridge that floats under the shadow of the railroad viaduct groins and quivers to day UD.Ier the tread of armed men, of artillery trains, and of army wagons. This much I may say with >nt iinpartirg any information to the enemy, for. by the time this goea j into print they will well know that before Maryland can be invaded again the question ia to-be decided, " Who shall be master in the Valley of the Shenandoah T" I shall not ruu the risk of touching on contraband news by a?y refer ence to the'troops which on our side are to be employed in settling this pr< blem, their numbers, commanders, &c. But 1 may say thst the military authorities have piuhed forward their couBter movements ngainst tbe sch m?s of the rebels with an manual degree of vigor, stgacitv, Mid secrecy. If the rebel foroe lingers any where ne?' Win chester a battle is among the probabilities within tbe next f*w days. D we are whipped the rebels will have to show a larger force in tbe Shenaudoah Valley than ha-, yet been developed except by rumor; and they will also have to tight for what they get. * There is nothing very important from up the river this morning. The rebels wit drew th#-ir pickets from tbe river, opposite Will amaport, on Wedn.-snay night, and yesterday General K?*lly ro-oeoupied Mart nsburg. Tefe graphic communication with thit point has Lot been re established, nor has any traiu yet ventured up, as the c<>u i ditiou ot the road and the bridge at Op> qnan ere k is not known. The bridge over Back* creek, oeyond Martins burg, is reported to have been destroyed. Harper's Ferry has been bu nt over again, thit being the f uith or fifth time since the w*r began. None of the pr vale buildings of the t.-wu have be.-n injured, t ut nil ilio armory and arsenal buildings, which ha<l h en tempo rarily rooted in and used for a. my stoies &ad a? m litary offices, have hail i very thin/ buroabie about them ear up by the flames, and*.heir bare walls und smoke begrunmed ruins are brought back to the same desolite condition in which tte rebels left them at the commencement of the war. NUMBER OF THE " INVADERS '' The Army and Naval Journal estimates that the Con federate force which ia the eviy part of the last month threatened Wash'ngton Humbert d about 10,000 men. Of this force only a few hundred were developed in the active demonstration made on Fort Stevens, and for two days the siege of Washington was established by this prt'y 'orce We have recurred to the military opinion of our military contemporary because of the rid cub us attempt tuat wa? made by certain parties in the conceived interest of the military administration to exaggerate the nunib -r ot the invading forces wh ch recently penetrated Maryland, and which, doubling ? n it" tracks has j-ist returned to pay a visit to Pennsylvania, via the old and familiar route of the Shenandoah valley, which, as usual, is left conveniently open f?r their ingress. The Army and Naval Journal supposes itself to discover th? presence of a curious law in the periodical return of these military it cursiors. It says : ' The annual expedition of the Confeterate forces into Maryiniid and Pennsylvania has been inaugurated this year at about the usual time, and with rath r more titan the usual success. This setiea ot demonstrations has been hitherto maintained with as much regularity as the aeries of annual counter-movements o! our army agmist Rich mond i but, let us be thauktul.it hss never yet accom plished any thing equal to popular (ears. The uniformity of the enemy's appearance aroun 1 Hatp?r's Ferry should now be nearly sufficient to establish "one of Buckle * ' averages,' or at lesst to furnish the July almaunc makers with another 'About this Ume may be expected.' It is only paralleled by the uniformity with which Mitrj land and Pennsylvania are leti unguarded and exposed until tbe rebel cavalrymen leap their barn-yard fenC's and b<\jin uutethering horses and wringing tbe necks of (owls Alter that is d< ne. the stabio-door is vigorously shut. Heated proclamations (r >m various Governors call out troops to ej?ct the invader, and there is an annual 'uprising of the North.' It should seem as if it must raise a blush ou our cheeks to ask once more, with tumbling knee-joints, loc local militia to check that ? invader' who has been ottea officially announced as thoroughly demoralixed.' DEATH OF COLONEL MULLIGAN. The remains of Col. Mulligan, th* biro of Lexington, Missouri, snd of many a sharp and dangerous encounter in Western Virginia, arrived at Cumberland (MJ.) oo Inst; Friday. He tell at Winob?*ter on the 'jftth ultimo. The Wheeling Intelligence; tint (Jen. Kelly in a despatch to Gov. Boremau pays the following haudsome tribute to the fallen *oidier J " Tbs remains of tho gallant Col. Mulligan arrived bete | ihis u/oroing Irons Wiuehwtsr, )Va) where ha fell on the instant. His devotfd wife havng pussed tilVOVvh the lines on Tuesday, reached Winchester ? f w hours attor he had lireatbsd hi^ Ins* Nhe returno 1 this morning wv h the rsM?ins, aud wi 1 proceed to Chu-auo tomorrow morning Hy the d( u h of Cot. Mulligan West Virgir U 1ms los a warm and 'evoied friend and the country an able and gallant de fender 1 am happy to infoim voi? tbu Mr?. Mulligan wm ire ted by tlen. Larly Hud his offlcert with marked eonrtesr and great kindness, receiving prompt and efflei?nt a xistauoe to remove the remains of the gkUatit hero within the Keife-rai B. F. KkllTj Brig. Gen." The lobaoco crop has flourished up the Valley of the Connecticut during all the dry weather, and ne*tr looked better than it does new. The farmers hrre learned that I wet weather t? uvt essential W suocom tu aettmg Ui? [ plwito,