WASHINGTON: THUHSDAY, AUGUST 4, 1864.
Weekly National Intelligencer.
Br GALES dc SEATON.
JAMBS O. WELLING, ASSOCIATE EDITOR.
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. THURSDAY, AUGUST 4, 1864.
SHORT TERM8 OP MILITARY SERVICE.
That excellent military paper, the Army and
Navy Journal, published in New York, in com
menting on the reoent call of the President for five
hundred thousand more men^ intimates the opinion
that the short term of the scrviee for which a draft
is permitted under that call must deserve to be
considered a mistake in a military point of viow.
To (his effect our oontemporary says :
" The first part of a recruit's term is wasted in learning
his duty?in learning how to be a soldier.. This draft,
however, looking both at the time and the numbers, is
based oo the obvious assumption that the war will be end
ed in fifty-two weeks, if at all. For its numbers, are so
vast as to cause no little complaint at a future day^ should
five hundred thousand troops be so badly eoonoujizt-d as
not to substantially break an opponent whose armies we
outnumber now. But it is usually unsafe to speculate on
time in such matters, as sad experience has taught "
We need not inform our readers that these views
were abundantly enforced on the attention of Con
gress during the discussion that was had on the
enrolment aet. Among those who deprecated the
reduction of the compulsory term of military ser
vioe was Senator Brown, of Missouri. Ho said,
on the 9th of June :
" A* long as the question of volunteering was open, it
was insisted upon all the time that we shoulJ have the
longest term of service; and it was said, and said very pro
Ierly, that as a purely military question it had been found
bat one year was not long enough within which to fit
troops for the field, wi:hin wbieh to fit them for enduring
those hardships which campaigns involve them in. it is
not simply the equipping of troops, it is not simply putting
arms in theii hands, but it is, so to speak, the seasoning
of the bodies of the soldiers to the endurance of those fa
tigues that makes the soldier and makes the value of the
soldier; and I say that within the period of one year you
cannot expeot to have that effective soldiery which you
will have within two years or three *yearB. I believe I
am sustained when I say that that has been the represen
tation which has come to us continually from the War
Department, and that no counter representations have ever
come to us from the Military Committee iu this body."
Many other Senators and many Kepresentatives
spoke to the same purpose, but the polioy of one
year's servioe under a draft prevailed. And we
presume the Journal is correct in supposing that
this limitation of the oompulsory military term
proceeds on the presumption, (however unwarrant
ed by our "sad experience" ho that paper sug
gests) that the number aotually oalled will suffice
to end the war within that period. To this effect
Mr. Wilson, of Massachusetts, spoke, on the 23d
of June last, as follows :
" If we now limit the draft to one year, and the Govern
ment will call for vast ma?ses of men and act with vigor, I
believe that bt-fofe the opening of next year the rebel ar
mies will be broken, and the canse of the oountry assur
ed ; and so believing, I contend for a reduction of the time.
It is because I believe it will strengthen our cause that I
have advocated it."
Upon the general subjeotof short terms of mili
tary servioe the Army and Naval Journal says:
" Short terms have always been mistakes. The first
call for three month*' troops was a great error, but an ex
Eedient in a crisis. The nine months' troops were useful,
ut their time had better have been made longer, s<> that
the work of two campaign might have been done by them,
instead of <ne. Besides, they were discharged soon after
being trained to usefulness as soldiers. The majority, pro
bably, woul I have volunteered for twelve or fifteen ninths
m quickly as for nine. So now, fifteen months even would
hive been a better term of service than twelve."
Our contemporary, in looking at such ques
tions exclusively from a military point of view,
oalls Presiient Linooln's first summons for three
months' troops "a great error." It is not just so
to denominate it, anil least of a'.1 to ascribe any
blame on this score to Mr. Lincoln, for tho laW of
1795, under which he actcd in calling for those
troops, did not permit him to call them for a longer
term. That statute, our readers will remember,
providos in its second section that?
" Whenever the laws of the United States shall be op
posed, or the execution thereof obstructed in any Htat*. by
combinations too powerful to be suppressed by the ordina
ry course of judicial proceedings, or by the powers vested
in the marshals by this act, it shall be lawful for the Presi
dent of the United States to call forth the m>litia of such
State, or of any o:her State or States, as may be nec?s?ary
to suppress such combinations and to cause the Inws to he
duly eiecu'ed ; and the use of militia so to be calU-d forth
may be continued, i/ necessary, until the expiration of thirty
days after the. commencement of the then next session of
As on the samo day (it was tho 15th of April,
1861) on which tho President oalled for 75,000
men under this not, he summoned the Senators
and Representatives to meet in extraordinary ses
sion on tho ensuing 4th of July, it follows that
the term of service of the troops thus callod would
have expired by neoessary legal limitation thirty
days after tho commencement of the said session.
And it was in recognition of this fact that tho Pre
sident prescribed the term of three months.
And so with regard to the nino months' men af
terwards oalled into scrviee, it is not pertinent to
?ay, as implying any reflection on the Kxecutive,
that " their time had better have been mado longer,
?o that the work of two campaigns might have
been done by tbem instead of one." The term of
?ervico which these troops wore called to render
was fixed by tho act of Congress approved July 17,
1802, and tho President could not have called
them for a longer period without disregarding tho
express provisions of tho statute which was his
only authority in the promises.
We entirely oonour with tho Journal in all it says
about the impolicy of short military terms, but it
is propor that tho responsibility for fixing such
terms should be laid at the door of tho Legislative
rather than of the Eieoutivo Department of the
Tbe last European mail brings the intelligent^ of the
death of Thomas Colley (Jrattan, formerly English Consul
at Boston, and the author of several excellent works of
THE LATE BATTLE3 IN GEORGIA.
Major Geo. Thomas, commanding the Army of
the Cumberland, haa issued the following interest
ing circular to the army near Atlanta:
Ahmy Heaihiuaktehn, July 36, 1864.
The Mtyor General oommamliug tbe Aruiy congratulate
the troops upon the brilliaut success attending the Uniou
arm* in the late buttle*.
lu the battle of the 20th instant, iB which the Twentieth
Corps, one division of the Fourth Corps, aud part of the
Fourteenth Corps were engaged, the total Union loss in
killed, wounded, and missing was one thousand seven hun
dred and thirty-three. In front of tbe Twentieth Corps
there were put out of the fight six thousand rebela. I ive
hundred and sixty-three of the enemy were buried by our
own troops, and the rebels were permitted to bury two
hundred and fifty. The second division of the Fourth
Corps repulsed seven different assaults of the enemy with
light loss to themselves, and which must have swelled the
number of dead buried by the rebels to beyond three hun
dred. We also captured seven stands of colors. No
official report has been received of the part taken in the
bittle by the F.uiteenth Corps.
In the buttle of the 33d instant the total Union loss in
killed, wounded, and missing was throe thousand live
hundred men and ten pieces of artillery. The rebel loss
in prisoners captured was three thousand two hundred.
The known dead of the enemy in front of the Fifteenth
and Sixteenth Corps and one division of the Seventeenth
Corps was two thousand one hundred and forty-two. The
other divisions -of the Seventeenth Corps repulsed six
assaults of the,enemy before they fell back, and which
will swell the rebel less in killed to at least three thou
sand. The latest reports state that we buried over three
thousand two hundred rebls killed in tbia fight. Theie
w.ire captured from the enemy in this battle eighteen
stands of colors and five thousand stands of arms.
By oomcjaud of Mfjor General Thomas :
W. D. Whipple, Assist. Adj. General.
A despatch dated at Nashville (Tenn.) on the
81st of July says :
" Gen. Hooker passed tbmogh this city en route lor the
North this morning. It is here understood that he leaves
Sherman's command to enter upon other duties elsewhere,
aud that General Rousseau suoceeds him as the com
mander of tbe Twentieth Corps. General 8tanley sue
?eeds Gen Howard in command of the Fourth Corps.
Gen. Howard has been amigued to the command of the
Army of the Tennessee, in place of Gen. McPhersou,
" Tbe battle of the 22d was a flank attack of the enemy
upon our left. Luring that attack tbe Seventeenth Corps
was crumbled up, but not until it had repulsed several of
the desperate charges of tbe rebels, and afforded time for
L"gan, who temporarily succeeded McPherson in com
maud of the Army of the Tennessee, in fa;e about aud re
pel the assaults made ou him. Our correspondents with
that army state that the rebels were driven back to their
last line of works around the city.
" The battle of the 2dth instant was an assault ia force
on the Fifteenth Corps,>nd appears to have resulted in
as complete a defeat of the rebels as that of the 23d. 8ix
hundred and forty-two 4e"l rebels were buried by our
forces alter that battle."
THE BATTLE OF THE 23d JULY
Correspondence of the Cincinnati Gazette
Near Atlanta, (Ga ) July 23.
Again bave tbe great armies met, tested their strength,
and displayed a valor seldom witnessed on tbe proudest
battle fields. A splendid plan of the enemy to desttwy the
Union army has been frustrated by tbe help of God, the
sagacity of our generals, and the bravefy of our troops. I
speak advisedly in attributing .the rfsult to th-se three
agencies, as the reader will see by following these lines :
To gain a clearer view of tbe position fet us go back to
tbe 31st instant. On that day an advance of the Twenty
third Corps, joined by the Fifteenth and Seventeenth Corps,
was made in line, until the position gained was little more
than two miles from the city Gen. Blair found an im
portant petition iu Jlis front called Bald Hill, an eminence
to tha south of the railroad, which ue deemed ijecpsssry
to occupy. He charged the position and took it, though
with a loss of seven hundred. From this the main works
and the buildings of Atlanta could be plainly seen.
At nigbt on that day tbe Army of the Tennetsee was
entrenched in lino running nearly south, facing west, and
reaching from Hchofield's left a hall mile north of tbe rail
road to a point neatly or quite two miles south of the
railroad, in the following order: Sixteenth Corps on the
right, Fifteenth in the coitre, and Seventeenth ou the left.
The line at the extreme left was thrown well back to
guard the flank.
A 8TRANUE MOVEMENT.
At dark op the 31st the rebels were busy building works
in our front. At daylight on the 23d the pickets discov
ered them evacuated, and the rebels all within their main
line Our skirmish line was at once advanced, and pre
paration* made to have the whole line advance to tbe line
thrown up by the rebels. Schnfield's corps moved up
fir-t and began to reve?e thf? works Tbe movement was
carried on t ward the lelt Tbe Fifteenth Corps joined
to the Twenty third, while the Sixteenth was ordered to
the extreme l?*f'. . , ... -
Various opinions were entertained as to the meaning ol
this backward movement on the part ol tbe enemv. Cou'd
it mean the evacuation of the city 7 That was tbe concur
rent testimony of scouts and J-iserters Or could they be
going to try the virtues of a siege f That was the earnest
wish of every Union soldier.
TUB LINE ADVANCING.
Early in the day Schofleld and Logan had reversed the
rebel works in th< ir' front and advanced their main line
within three quarters of a m le of the main defences of .
Atlanta. Blair h td s-nt out working parties to complete,
tbe works in bis front, while Dodge, who was to tak?< po
sition on Blair's left, afW h* got into positioo, was buny
reoonnoitering h s position.
From the position assigned to Gen. Dodge the court
house and other buildings of the city oould plainly be seen,
scarcely a mile distant, while the frowning torts.loomed up
much nearer, and unpleasantly lerociou* in appearance
While tbe Goneral was coolly survejlng one of these works
from the nearest picket post, and endeavoring to ascertain
their strength and armament, a cloud of white smoke
arose from one of the eaibrajures. and a screaming shell
came flying at the little pa-ty gathered ground him, and
buried itself in the ground not twenty feet brf re him
w thout burst ng. The General and party withdrew,
though not without receiving sevral more compliments of
the same iorl, fortunately without injury.
Tbi* was about twelve o'clock. Gen. Blair s troop*
were not yet in position, and, with the exception of *troi>g
working partie*, were occupying tbe line made the pre
viou* day Gen Fuller, with Col Merrill's brigade, (1st
brigade, 4th division, 16th A C ) was in reserve m roar
of Gen. Giles A. Bmith's division?the left of Blair ? Corps.
Gen. Hweeney's division had been ordered up and bad
halted for oners in the rear of Oeo. Fuller. It wa* this
accidental position of the Siiteenth Corps at that parti* u
lar hour which proved a God seni to the Union *rmy.
which in fact saved it from serious disaster. Just at this
time, too, Gen. Dodge return* d from ?he skirmish line, and
while seated at dinner, with Gen. Fuller, wa* first app: ised
of the pretend* of Hi* enemy in uoknoWn foro* along our
left flank. He Immediately gave order* to Gen. Sweeny
to put hit division in petition to protect the flank and rear;
ana, rising from hi* half finished dinner, he rode at once to
see the position.
The mystery of the falling baek into the main works by
the rebels lfi tbe morning was soon solved. A lull Corps
(Hardee's) had made the circuit of our left flank and were
about to attack us In tbe rear. What if Sweeny had been
elsewhere? Who ean tell what might have been the
In a short spieo of time Gen. Sweeny's I ne was formed.
Col. Rioe'* brigade facod to the rear, eastwardly, and Col.
Mercy's fronting sooth ; the 14'h Ohio battery at the angle
of the two lines, and Welker's battery (1st Mo. H.) in the
centre of Rice's brigade. Finding from the skirmish firing
that thia line was too short, Gen. Dodpe first ordered ont
one regiment from Gob. Fuller's division, aud then the
Merit bnThde (ifoirril"'") *? be f,,ruiftd on the right of Col.
Mer.y. The remainder of Gen. Fuller'. division bad been
sent to Decatur on the 21st to guard the wagon trains
ATTACK ON SWEENY
Gen. fuller'. brigade wai hardly in po.ition when the
few.hira.uher.of.be 17th Corp.; who had Seen b !5?
front, were driven in, and oioie after them, at the ed?e of
the woodg not three hundred yard* di.tant, appeared the
wain rebel hue. Gen. Dodged the ticne wM JTthe lith
Ohio battery at.d ordered it to opeo on them In *
Se rebel rar.k.6'1 tTT ?*'u? with d<**<ily certainty into
itaelf f?r ? h? ^ "topped for a moment, then steadied
H.eil for a blow and came forward. The quick- eve of
Gen Dodge at once .aw that the line whs all too ton J for
hi. three brigade., and if it was not checked or driven
back weuM turn hi. left and work uuU Id mischief.
SUtOhi ?f b"llet< to the commander of the
8Ut Ohio regiment, Lieut. Col. Adam., he directed bim lo
?12th Ilir r,'g''nant. Passing on to the u-xt regiment,
( 2th Illinois,) he gave the same order to Lieut. Col. Van
Sellar. Inspired by the presence and bravery of their
?,D? i1?1""1' the,e two '^Kiment. moved out
with a ?hout, and coming aionud tbe point of a ridge un
expectedly on the rebel foroe, slaughtered them terribly
id cuptured a large number of prisoners, with two stands
,'L i0" Nrvef ""M the battle of Corinth have I wit
IfcL^ *-ai>^ * ,oene thli" WHi h*? ftt this charge
L th i- rieverhalt so besutif.il
as when borne by Erave-hearted men through the battle
Ca^eWeib?r* KaT 0n ,h" eUeu,y* Lifrut Laird'? ?,id
? k ,r bftttene. poured ceaseless volleys into the
ranks now plain before them in tbe open fle.d. and in the
wood, beyond. Meanwhile, Col. Morrill', impetuous
it tolhl' T f h* , obar#ed aud drov? 'be enemy before
iunoort on eth, r? i 1,1 thig P?"ilioD U WM Wlth""t
mo t fcj ^ *ht' and wa" compelled to fall baok-a
most hazardous movement, yet by no mean, demoralizing,
bb tbe line wu promptly re-formed at its origiual position
u-d a?"u ?^f*ed.t0 driTe 'be rebel, back. Gi.ce more
brigade crossed that bloody ti.-ld, and once
more it was compelled to fall back under a gilliug fire;
but, never despairing, the weakened line bravely rallied
the second time and held it. position. Severely it Buffered
in th se movements. Col. Morrill, ts commander was
of the"271rOh'i 6 ,U tW?A plKCnS' Li?Ut Cwl- Cburchill.
of the 27th Ohio, received a ball on the lower metal button
of h'a vest, dumbin g bim for a time.
fliE^a a, Qeu Dod?? hsd to Gen.
Giles A. Smith to notify him of the .ituation in hi. rear
thrr W h? division on the Hue, and to ask bim to
relerw?! M aD#le wi,h hi* ''O?- He had no
reserve. / Ihe enemy soon prr..ed on hi. flank and rear
Iff )!? 6"d bttck 8oon tbis becttul? ^
practicable, and his meu, attacked in rear, jumped over
tfcoir works and fought m revere. Hatdly did they re
a ?- ki"d uutil thelr uew rear W0U,J be
wi!kt ?TnB?t,f*ain y "?U'd rave 10 "h*0** ?id? of the
k j ? Way PorllODS ot General Smith', division
out'?los2 'tzJx"!e* ?/ .Cour8? ?11 tbi? wa. not done witB
out los.. Portion, of two regiments were cut off, ai d
Sl?ervW?2H n ft a T* 0?P,ured- H??, too, Murray's
^ Artillery, temporarily detached from the
? ?in vtZT.tT' rPtUred" ,U bhJ beeu 0fderfd b?k
to Gen. Puller at the beginning of the action, and while on
tbe way was cut off and tbe pieces captured Over one
w as ciTptured meB '10Ce rep?rted* Lieut" Murray
GEN. M'PHERSON H'LLEH.'
The event which will cast a gloom over tbe whole coun
try occurred about tbi. time, in front (late rear) of Gen.
with nJ!!' n'J V/i*1" m^tT>thfl be?iunin8 the battle
with Gen. Dodge. Gen. McPherson had visited him, and
having looked at the ground, and dispatched every one of
his stuff on various errands, said he would go and .ee the
be..8a,loPed a,onrt. plunged into the timber,
W ? t ?kBle! lir,e of battle. Too cowardly to
Ak bravery ?f ??fib an officer, the rebel, fired a
y y at tbell?enflral- Hi. horse plunged a.ide, the life
nd*r M} t0 ,thp e?rtb, and the Army of tbe Tennessee
vf! a i,er'?u ?b !JWhy ia thrt ffttB of Wftr ?o
cruel 7 Why was he, tbe pride of the army and the na
tion, cut down 7 McPherson?the humblest .oldier in all*
hi. army had learned to know him and to love him; tbe
highe.t officer m hi. command ooveted hi. compan.onsbip.
Ueuial without familiarity, dignified without stiff formality,
he maintained the profoundest re.pect and won the warm
est admiration of all.
CEK. LOGAN ASMUME8 COMMARIi.
It WM a dark hour when a .taff officer daihed up to
Gen. Logan and whispered to bim tbp sad tiding. , for it
was thoupbt brst to dot let the army know, so early in the
actu n, sncb bad new. The designs at;d strength t?f the
enemy were r:ot yet developed Precisely where to look
Tora blowno one knew. The Sixteenth Corps bad re
pulsed the attack on its position, and had bravely held iU
ground. The Seventeenth was being pushed in, though
fighting with the .tubbornnej. of veteran, a. they were.
Ue^. Logan s fir.t order was to send a division on Gen.
Dodge, left to guard again.t a rear attack Thi. was
taken from the Twenty-third Corps, and the Fifteenth
Corps had to lengthen out to fill the spsce.
CEMTRtC iiROKEN AND RE-RHTARLINHED.
The force came on Morgan L. Smith', division, and after
one of tbp .everest tight, of the campaign they drove back
bi. division, capturing the artillery, among which was the
famous De Gra. Battery. A genuine artillerist l. always
as tender - f his gun. as he would be of hn children, and it
i. ?aid that Capt De Gra. wept at the lo.. of hi. gun.
Uen Logan r paired in person t<> Gen. Dodge lo g*t as
ai.tai.oe in retaking tbe line and the guns. Gen Dodg*
sent up Col. Mersy'. b. igade. It bad slready fought a se
vere battle and had endured the fatigue ?.f a day's watrh
fnlness, h?t at the eound of danger it moved off without a
W?rn' ,Ar.min* 00 tbe grouod, the brigade wt-nt in with
a yell, deploying as it went up. Company officers vied
with each other in being first to reach the works held bv
the enemy. The line was triumphantly carried, and with
it a large number of prisoner.. It was Hood's corp. which
bad made tbe *mauU tber?.
The los. of the^lixteenth Corps will probably reach one
thousand. The fc^vente^nth lost fifteen hundred, while
the rilteenlh did not lose more than five hundred, m?king
a tot,, of three thousand. Judging from tbe front of the
Sixteenth Corps, the rebels lost at least twice as heavily
as we 'lh*-yleft their dead and wounded in our hands
every where except where the Seventeenth Corps yielded.
lardee s Corps made a desperate effort t<i gain our rear
but fortunately was met by the indefatigable commander
of the Sixteenth Corps aud was hurled bnck. Only with
the left of tbe Seventeenth Corps, which was cut off before
it could macpcuver, did he gsjn any luecess. Hood tried to
bresk our crntre, partially succeeded with h- avy loss but
was by tbe timely arrival of Col. M rsy'a br.gale, driven
back with greater loss. Altogether the splendid achieve
"Vd" Wb'Ch WHre eIfecU!'d be accomplihhed utterly
col. bpraouk'h dkfenck of decatur.
A part of the plan consisted in .ending Wheeler's caval
ry to destroy the traii.n in our rear. '1 he only guard we
ha for these was three regiments of Col. Sprague's bri
gade. Po.ted in J>ratur. Of hi. severe engagement and :
successful defenee of our train, too inueh cannot be said in
praise. Hi. lo.. wa. over two hundred, yet all unaided
withstood ibe onwt of two divisions of Wheeler', cavalry,
aud .aved our trains. J
Gen. Force and Col Fry, (20th Ohio,) of the Seventeenth '
Corps jere wounded. Lieut. Col. Br-wu, 63i Ohio, was
wounded The Adjutant of the regiment and Capt Thorn
were killed- Col. Mersy. in going into position to retake
the line of the> I-ifteenth Corp., was si ghtly wound d by 1
the fall of hi. favorite horse, which was shot Li>ut Col
SriwlL rVT" W" pa'!,'ully won?ded Msjur Camp
bell, With Illinois, was seriously wounded. Lieut W II
leters.Ceth Ind ana, and Capt Heat?n, 2d Iowa, w.ns 1
wounded. A truee for burying the dead was had to-day
LATER FROM GEN. SHERMAN'S ARMY.
Nabuvim.e, (Tens ) Julv 29.?Gen. Sherman's army
was .gain put iu motion yesterdsy to accomplish an im- i
porlant oporation looking to an early inve.tment of Atlanta, i
The enemy yesterday attempted to interrupt the move
ment by attacking the Fifteenth Corp., but were badly
repulsed. During the ooute.t we took fri m the rebel,
four or .ix regimental flag.. There are no other details .
that can be made public, but the ptiblie may rest aasun d
that every thing has been aucceasful. The rebels aie said
to have erected strong work, at Atlanta, and it is not at
all uulikely that they may keep u. at bay for a tew day.
longer if they remain in their present poaition, but if they i
do Hood cftii scarcely save tho remnant cf his army.
REBEL NEWS FROM ATLANTA, (Georgia.)
The Cincinnati Gasette acknowledge, tbe reei'iptof file.
Of the Atlanta Appeal from July 17th to the evening of
July 20th, from which it make, the following interesting
extract., di.clo.ing the hopeful .pirit of the rebel.. The
Appoal alone wutinued to be published ia Atlanta, the
other paper* having taken the prudent precaution to re
move in autioipatiou of the speedy corning of uupleasant
In Front or Atlanta, Julv It]?P. M.
To day has b>eu the dullest of the campaign, scarcely a
?hot being fired. A highly intelligent officer with whom I
conversed to day gives it an his opinion that Sherman will
not be able to make another movement, especially away
from the railroad, until he has accumulated more supplies,
which will require at least ten days yet. And when he
crosses the river he will be met in an open field fight, aud
the ooutest for the gate city be decided. A large force of
the enemy's cavalry, accompanied by two batteries of
artillery, the whole being estimated at six thousand, started
down the north side of the river last night for the purpose
of making a raid upon the Atlanta and West Point railrold ;
West Point being, as it is supposed, their point of desti
nation. Prompt measures have been taken lo meet them,
and the result is anxiously looked (or. I hazard nothing I
in saying that they will yet regret their having raid-iattd
?o far from the main body.
Peachtrf.e Ridoe, July 1G.
This is one of the fronts?the infantry front?while the
cavalry front is still farther in advance. Neither ha* been
troubled by any movements of significance for some tiuie
Affairs here are as dull and monotonous as the siege of
Charleston, and will remain so until one party or the other
becomes disposed to assume the offensive. The Yankee
pickets called to ours across the river yesterdy that they
ha' captured Gen. Forrest in Nor'h'Misoisxlppi. The
practice of exchanging pnpers and trafficking with them has
been abolished Our men became so familiar with them
at one time as to suspend hostilities and unite in a grand
bathing jollification. It is thought that Yankee engineers
were in the crowd to take observations and learn the lo
calities of fords. On oue of these occasions a working
paity was brought down by the enemy and put to work
building fortifications. Our men were withdrawn, aud
this gauie rpeedily ended by a few shells from our batteries.
On the Left, Jui.v 17.
The enernv seems to be on the move. He has taken all
his infantry from our front and marched them up the river,
and big right wing rested last night at Euff s Station. What
this portends we cannot determine with certainly, but the
impresnion prevails tha' he intends to cross his whole force
at or near Koswell H* w:!l probably tfien move out no
the Georgia and Macon and Western railroads, unless con
fronted by fcleu. Johnston, and endeavor to destroy those
works No uneasiness need be felt in Atlanta, however,
fur Gen. JobDstou is, to use an almost threadbare expres
sion, " waster of the situation." A few days will deter
mine what iherman is up to, and it may bring on a buttle.
If Front of Atlanta, July 19 Evening.
The fight on Nance's creek yesterday, between Wil
liams's brigftde ai.d Hooker's entire corps turns out to
have been ol more importance than was at first supposed.
Finding that they were advancing in heavy force, Old
" Cerro Gordo" determined to impede their advance as
much as possible uutil toe commander-ia chief could be
notiied and make preparations to meet them. Dismount*
ii g his men,ami concealing tbeui in the dense undergrowth,
he brought up two pieces of artillery, and hastily construct
ed a marked battery upon the opposite side of tho road
from the direction in whici they were advancing; the
woods cppofite their position having bem but nod recently,
affording tbfm a fine view in their front. They had batn
in position but it short time when the enemy** skirmishers
were discovered, who pressed forward, closeiy followed by
the mam btriy, uuaychuitf in column. Their skirmishers
>v. re allowed tu approach within twenty paces, wh-u tbe
signal was given, juid a murderous fire was poured into
them at point blank rauge; the artillery ( pening at the
same time with shell and canister upon the head of the
columu Tie enemy broke and fled iu wild cnufusicn, but
were again le-formed and advanced in line of Uattio Geu.
Williams then withdrew about one mile and formed an
other ambukade, into which the enemy fell agan; hut,
after wavern g some time, finally advanced again, aud tried
to Uink him upon tbe righl. The 1st Kentucky, then in
reserve, was ordered to charge them, in order to bring iff
the artillery ?<id horses, whtcli was done in gallant "tyla.
Five t men during the day were tbey ambu*Caded, and Gen.
Williams estimates the;r loss at five hundred killed and
wounded and twenty-two prisoners. Our loss was twenty
one, including Qapt. MoCawley, who, Gen. Williams says,
was the best staff officer be ever saw in aov arjjyr.
The following corps of thp onemy are aaown to have
crofted the fiver, and on day before yesterday were loca
ted between Pea ofc tree creek aud the river, in tho follow
ing order and strong y fortified, the right reatin- on Hoe- 1
well and the left at th-? mouth of Pcirutree crtvii-?Palm- I
er's, 1). dge's, Logan's, Howard's, SohofleidV and Hook
er's?Blsir's corns being s*aUuued at Vining's station and
Marietta, guarding those points. McPherson's headquar
ters were at Koswell, aud Sherman's and Thomas' oppo
site 8. ap's feiry and Shaker lord. But of course theftr
positions, some of tbem at 1ea*t, have been changed since
then as Hooker bad advanced from his position when he
Guard's division of pavairy encamped about four milrs
from Decatur last night, aud returned to the railroad this
morning, where tfcey awaited the arrival ol Logan's corps
and then advanoed upon thnt place, which was defended
by our cavalry, who w< re compelled to fall back iu tho
direction of Atlanta. The enemy shelled the place furi
ously, and it is reported that a large poition of the town
was destroyed by fire; but this lacks confirmation.
Dodge's corps is also moviug in that direction, from which
it would seem that Sherman is determined to push us to
the will, and 1 serioualy hope it may be so.
Tbe enemy's right now rests on Peschtree creek, near
Durant's mill, and tunning southwardly rests upon tbe
Rockbridge road, at a point about two miles l.elow Deca
tur. All are in high glee at the prospect of an immediate
battle, and I think from appearances that their wii-hes
will be gratified within tbe next thirty six hours Tbe
gallant Cheatham was put in command of Hood's corps
last night, aud will lead it in the approaching battle; aud
if 1 h?-y follow where he lead*, which I do not question,
you may look for glorious results.
PEACHTRF.E CREPK, Jl'LY 19
The enemy advanced cautiously but stea-lily yesterday.
Our cavalry dismounted and contested tbe ground obsti
nately. Williams's aud Kelly's brigades were well handled,
aud displayed great coolness ; but steady lines of infantry
forced theui finally to retire across tbe bridge over Peach
tree crerk, tint not until they had inflicted severe puni-h
ment upon the f< e, with small loss to themselves. The
loss of tbe enemy is thought to be about one hundred.
Our men fired fiotn redoubts and ambuscades, h nee they
were not so exposed as the enemy. Fifteen or twenty
of lh? 1st Keutucky cavalry, including the lieut?Miant-col?v.
n>'l, adjutant, and other officers, were captured by the
enemy, but mr m <n rallied to the point, recaptured the
prisoner.*, and took fifteen Yankees
L Thi* morning tbe enemy opened a brisk sh lling up m u?
from th - oppiisite bank of tbe creek They appear ti he
f. eling for our position,- snd endeavoring to elicit the lire ol
our batteries, but have not so far suc.ce>'ded. Th > xbarp
Mhooters are playing a lively hand this morning. We c >n
siib-r the campaign resumed again in earnest The short
r> ppite we have ei'J >yed has pioduced an admirabl ? efect
The army is fully rested, aud will go into tbe coming con
diet with renewed strength and determination
The tactics of our present c^mmsnd^g general, whether
offenfive or defensive, will soon be developed, a id his an
tecedents are such as to justify the highest expectations
of the army. We ardently trust that the most gratifying
result* may follow this important change. Our army is
in a splend d state of discipline. Fvery man is a hero and
veteran. All await with confidence th" honr when we are
to bo led to battle, believing that, victory, glorious aud
complete, though bloody, will follow. I he fat?^ of Atlanta,
though wrapped n inscrutable uncertainty will soon be de
cided. The soldiers will do their duty.
In front of Atlanta, July 20?A. M.
Last evening the enemy attempted to advance their line
(if skirmishers acci rding to their old cu-tom, in oider to
advance their works in front of Keynotes s brigade of Ste
venson's division ; but old " Gauley" was wide awake, and
they were pr mptly met and diiven back in disorder, leav
ing one hundred and twenty five prisoners, including a
osptain and two lieutenants, in our hard*, who are n<>w
registered and ready to join the hosts who have gone before
them to Andersnnville. The affair was well conducted,
and is higbly spoken of It also shows that, notwiLbsUnd
ing the deep gloom that has overspread the army lor the
past few days, the fighting qualities of the men have uot
been impaired in the least. During a heavy skirmish in
front of Walker's division about the ?am? time, Li?ut. Col.
llale and twenty five men of the 3d Tennessee were cap
tured, Having advanced beyond the supporting column
deployed as sku mishers, a body of Ihs enemy was thrown
forward, who out them i ff Slight skirmishing ha< beeu
going on this morning in front ot Cheatham's corps, along
Peachtree creek, and one of our batteries on the Wil
liams's mill road is shelling tbelr skirmishers as I write.
I have been unable to learn any thing definite from the
movement on Decatur, or the extent of damage done
Put 1 know that tbe movement is regarded as a leint, ih
ii am object being to get possession of tbn railroad bridge,
and in my Judgement tho hard ii'gttmg will be upon th<
Peaehtree road, and not upon the right of our prevent line.
Surgeon H A. Grimes, .l*4d Ohio, and First Lieut. W. M.
Parvme, 84th Illinois, together with several privates, were
, brought m this morumg. Dr. Grimes belongs to Blair'a
Corpa, (Seventeenth,) which'he state* haa croaaed over
the ri?er nod gone iu direction of Decatur. If this ia true
th-re can bo no furoe of any conaequence upon the north
?i'*e of the Cbattahoncbie. The enemy knew yesterday of
the change of commander*, and-tbe priaonera all aay that
they expect to have to fight now.
REBEL ACCOUNTS OF THE BATTLE.
If any deapatcbea from Geu. Sherman have been re
ceived by the War Department respecting the great batt'e
ou the SWJ inatant, they have uot been aufTered to trana
pi re in an authentic form, The aubjoined extract* from
the Richmoud Enquirer of the '2Gth inatant embody Gen
llood'a official report of tba engagement and two unofficial
deapatcbea from oorreapoudonta of the newapaper preaa.
They iuoreaae the public anxiety to receive full and trust
worthy particular* of thia terrible conflict.
From the Richmond Enquirer of July 96.
The glorious news from Northern Georgia absorbed the
public attention on Saturday and yeuteiday; the city wnt
lively with delightful exciteineut; ai.d even the griiu a.v
vmhh, who affect to I'D an almost interminable war, grew
buoyant with hope. The fate of Sherman, and ita bearing
upon the result of the general campaign and the war, waa
liberally discuaxed; aud.it waa generally accepted that,
should the effect of Hood'a initiatory engagement* be sus
tained and culminate in a deciaive victory, no feara, not
even doubts, need be entertained as to the reaulta of the
campaign in Virginia. Grant having expended the force
of numbers at bis command in vain, strategic force may
then be employed by him to about the aame purpose. The
following in the official despatch of Geu. Hood:
Atlanta, July 22?10 30 P. M.
Hon. SecuetaRY ok Waii : Tue army shifted its po
sition fronting on l'eaohtree creek Inst night, and Stewart's
and Cheatham's corps formed lineol battle round the city.
Hardee's Corps made a night march, and attacked the
enemy's extreme left to-day at one o'clock, aud drove him
from hia works, capturing sixteen pieoes of artillery and
five stands of colors. Cheatham attacked the euemy at
four o'clock P. M. with a portion of bis command, aud
drove the euemy, cauturing six pit ces of artillery. Dur
ing the engagement we oaptured about two thousand 'pri
soners Wheeler's cavalry routed the enemy iu the neigh
borhood of Deoatur, capturing hia camps. Our loss is
not fully ascerta ued. Mai Gen. Walker killed; Brig
Gens. Smith, Gist, and Mercer wounded. Prisoners re
port McPheraoa killed. Our troops fought with great
gallantly. J. 13. Hood, General.
Hi i Enquirer of the same date contaius also the follow
ing unofficial despatches from Atlanta :
Atlanta, July 22,1864.
About two o'clock this aftemoou the enemy attacked
our left, under Gen. Stewart, with great vigor. They were
received with a galling fire from both artillery and infantry,
which caused them to falter, when the order was given to
charge. Among their killed is Gen McPherson, who was
shot through the heart; Brig. Gen. Giles A. Smith, and
(the Yankee) Gen. Hrod. Gen Gresbam lost a leg. Our
troops left th>*ir breastworks and charged with great rapid
ity, driving the enemy from two I<d?m of entrecchuieat*
hud ii dieting great slaughter, capturing a large number of
prisoners and twerfty-two pieces of art'llery. Geu. Hardee.
Laving passed around the enemy's fl*nk, is now in their
rear, doing great execution. The fighting still continues. '
Atlanta, July 23,18C4.
Gen. Wheeler, last evening, httacked the enemy's left,
iu th* neighborhood of Decatur, i t\J di *>v?* tbem bAck. cap
turing five hundred wagons, with supplies, aud a large
nuuiber of prisoners. He is still pursuing. There was
*?jry Utile fighting after dark yesterday. Two thousand
prisoners, locludiug seveuty-five commissioned officers,
twentj tive pieces of artillery, and seven sUnds of colors
hive been brought in. The losses on either aide are net
yet known. Oura waa eevere in officers. Comparative
quiet reigns this moruing. There ia sjme little skirmishing
ou our lefc.
i EXCITEMENT IN HICHMOND.
Under this heading, in another article, th<? Enquirer of
the 2.">tb ci mments ns follows ou the military situation:
"Ttie i,ewe of the victory at Atlanta, which the tele
graph brought to Kiehuiend on last Saturday, delighted
ihe public as much as any that has been received during
the war; it caused a general joy throughout the city, aud
v.ill carry Ihe sitae to all quart-rs of the country
"Geu Hood has signalized his acceptance of the com
mand of the Army ol Tennessee with a brilliant victory,
and justified bis selection by success, the highest evidence
of its propriety. The tide bus turned, the army has ftced
about, and the strategy of advance takes the place over
that of retreat. The initiative of attack has at last been
taken by our army, aud its prestige and morale wrested
from the enemy. Gen. Hood has turned upon the enemy,
and been successful.
'? It is impossible to convey un idea of the gratification
which the news ol this victory caused. The press despatch
was nt first doub ed. So often bad the community been
elated by the fust news from that army only to he disap
po ntrd by subsequent intelligence ibat men hesitated to
believe what they read; but soon the offlo al despatch of
(Jen. H< od dispelled all dt ubt. and the public felt that a
change had not only taken plac? iu commanders, but that a
new policy bad been successfully inaugurated that may lend
to recovery of all that has been lost, and eventually carry
our victorious banners into the territories of our enemy
" (>1 the completeness of this vict -ry at the time of writ
ing nothing is known; but the army is n iw, notwith
standing its losses, much stronger than before it measured
strength with its adversary The attack wrss made^not
received ; the enemy were dr.ven, not repulsed. These
terms are new to be applied to the battl-s of the Army
of 'J ennessee.
'? Gen Hood, we believe, is not the man to rest satisfied
with rveu attacking and driving the enemy. He wll fid*
low up his advantages, and now that he has broken up the
old policy ol that army, ho will, he injist press on, and
cease not to drive the enemy btck and eventually i ut of
Georgia. Light breaks from the only dark point in our
line*. A'latita is now ft It to be safe, aud Georgia will
soon l>e fre < from the foe. The central army of the Con
federacy has recovered its pre*t go and deleaied the ex
LATER REBEL NEWa FROM GEORGIA.
From the Hichmond Examiner of July 2C'A.
1 ho most important news welia.eis that coutaiued in
the following despatch from Gen. Hood i
Atlanta, July 23, 18G4.
Hon. J. A. Sedrton, Sioretary of H'ar :
In the engagement yesterday we captured eighteen stands
of colors instead of flv.?, and thirteen guns iusiead of
twenty-two, as previously reported. Brig. Gen. Mercer
was not wounded. All is quiet to day, except a little
picket-firing ayd occasional shells thrown into th* city.
J B. Hood, General.
From this it will be seen that the battle begun under
such fav. rable auspices on Friday and continued so, suc
cessfully was not returned on Satin day nor ou Sunday.
Gen. Hood, iu his first despatch biter the fight, was m s
taken as to th? number of caunon oaptured by our troops.
This is asmill matter. If be bad killed McPhersori, aud
driven Sherman across tbe Chattahoochie, we should have
been content without taking a gun or a prisoner. As far
as we are able to penetrate into the state of afl'aira, tbe
chiof fruits of Friday's oporutrona are, we iufer, that we
prevented the enemy from enveloping Atlanta from the
east. His position west and north of the town is unchanged,
or. if chnnged at all, bo has pressed nearer the eity. It
has been seen from the despatch, he throws shell into it.
Tliia is uncomfortable proximity, as tbe people ot our sis
ter city of Petersburg can testify.
Atlanta, July 25, 1*t>4.
There has been continued skirmishing f- r the past two
d:?ys. M?nv shells from the enemy's batt< r o< have er.
t red the eity, and a few houses have been struck, but no
material damage haa been doue. The enemy's extreme
right endeavored to gain possession of a commanding emi
nence between their and onr lines, hut were repulsed by
the 11th Texas regiment. All quiet this morning.
The Richmond Di?pateb of the 27t,h ultimo contains the
fallowing despatch from Atlanta :
Atlanta, July 25,1&G4.
The enemy made an attempt last night to break our
i lines, but was repulsed by Cheatham after * conflict of one
I hour. During the day quiet prevailed around the city, the
I only demonstration being oocasunal picket tiring, At
midday to-dny tbe Yankees opeued with shell agnin upon
the city, libelling it oue hour with some vigor. No notice
of hi* luteution to shell tbe city wan given to enable th?
women and children to be removed to places <>P safety.
His barbarous violation of tbe usages of civilized warfare
only enabled him to murder a few uon-coiobatants. Most
of tbe shells cauie from tweuty-pounder Parr'tt guus iu
position on tbe line of tbe Western Atlanta rail road,'with
occasioual missiles from another guu east of tbe city.
Tbe gallant operations of Wednesday and Friday seem
to have impressed tbe Yankees with a wholesome desire
to strengthen their tiai.kx, which they are ri?w doing
'1 heir display of rocket signals has been brilliant, indicat
ing some movement on their p<?/t.
The following addrets to tbe troops was read this morn
IlRADteiuKriRH Akmk of Tennessee,
lathe field, July'?iH, I8?54.
Noldikim: Experisnce h?s prffved to you that pafn?y iu
" time ot batil* consists iu ^eitiUK >nu> c one quirteis with tbe
; enemy. Guns and colors a<e the Gnly nn-r'ing indications
of victory. The valor of tr ops is easily estimated too. by
the number of these received. If your* enemy be al owt d to
continue the opor-u nt of tl nkintf yo? oat of position, our
cuiiho is in peril. Your recent brilliant tuccesa proves you*
aliili y to prevent it. Ton hare bui to will it, and God will
Krunt us the victory which your commander and your oouu
iry confidently expect J. It. Hood, General.
Macon, 'j huksday, Jin,* 28, 1864..
Latest advices from Atlanta by train and telegraph are
to yesterday evening.
Wi' Irani by th? triwi which left at uightiail that tbe
enemy attacked our left, extending from the citv toward
I ho Cbattahoochie, ye?te?day, and \fern repulsed and
driven about a ujile. Lata last evening order# were re
ceived by telegraph to send earn and hnug the wounded to
A telegram from a high officer to Geu Johnston, dated
Atlanta, yesterday, has bien received here, stating that
fighting i? now going oo, and we have drivoa thrui. Details
not known. Gena. Stewart, Walthall, and Loring are re
p rted wounded.
Private telegrams from Griflin report Gen. Wheeler
wounded. A cavalry force of the enemy, strength un
known, struck the Macon and Western railroad, below
Jonesboro, thin morning, and are reported to be tearing up
the road in thin direction. Another cavelry force ol the
enemy is to day reported near Clinton, advancing toward
Notwithstanding the rebel claim of a great victory at
Atlanta, it is announced that the information received by
the Goverum nt irom Gen. Sherman's army contiuuea.to
represent affairs to be very satisfactory. Among the latest
intelligence disclosed to the public is ttie mention of a de
spatch from Gen. Sherman's headquarters, giving an ac
count of a battle with Hood's army on Wednesday last.
Hood, it is stated, on that day made a tierce assault upon
Sherman's lines and was repulsed with serious loss. Our
army lost six hundred killed und wounded, and they buried
six hundred and sixty dead rebels left on the field.
THE SHENANDOAH VALLEY.
Harpek's Fekkv, July 29, I8tJ4.
There is av, invasion going forward h<_?re, but it is not an
invasion of Maryland. Harper's Ferry is once again, in its
varied experience during this war, the scentj of active mi
litary operations, and the pontoon bridge that floats under
the shadow of the railroad viaduct groins and quivers to
day UD.Ier the tread of armed men, of artillery trains, and
of army wagons. This much I may say with >nt iinpartirg
any information to the enemy, for. by the time this goea
j into print they will well know that before Maryland can be
invaded again the question ia to-be decided, " Who shall
be master in the Valley of the Shenandoah T" I shall not
ruu the risk of touching on contraband news by a?y refer
ence to the'troops which on our side are to be employed
in settling this pr< blem, their numbers, commanders, &c.
But 1 may say thst the military authorities have piuhed
forward their couBter movements ngainst tbe sch m?s of
the rebels with an manual degree of vigor, stgacitv, Mid
secrecy. If the rebel foroe lingers any where ne?' Win
chester a battle is among the probabilities within tbe next
f*w days. D we are whipped the rebels will have to show
a larger force in tbe Shenaudoah Valley than ha-, yet been
developed except by rumor; and they will also have to
tight for what they get. *
There is nothing very important from up the river this
morning. The rebels wit drew th#-ir pickets from tbe
river, opposite Will amaport, on Wedn.-snay night, and
yesterday General K?*lly ro-oeoupied Mart nsburg. Tefe
graphic communication with thit point has Lot been re
established, nor has any traiu yet ventured up, as the c<>u
i ditiou ot the road and the bridge at Op> qnan ere k is not
known. The bridge over Back* creek, oeyond Martins
burg, is reported to have been destroyed.
Harper's Ferry has been bu nt over again, thit being
the f uith or fifth time since the w*r began. None of the
pr vale buildings of the t.-wu have be.-n injured, t ut nil
ilio armory and arsenal buildings, which ha<l h en tempo
rarily rooted in and used for a. my stoies &ad a? m litary
offices, have hail i very thin/ buroabie about them ear up
by the flames, and*.heir bare walls und smoke begrunmed
ruins are brought back to the same desolite condition in
which tte rebels left them at the commencement of the
NUMBER OF THE " INVADERS ''
The Army and Naval Journal estimates that the Con
federate force which ia the eviy part of the last month
threatened Wash'ngton Humbert d about 10,000 men. Of
this force only a few hundred were developed in the active
demonstration made on Fort Stevens, and for two days
the siege of Washington was established by this prt'y 'orce
We have recurred to the military opinion of our military
contemporary because of the rid cub us attempt tuat wa?
made by certain parties in the conceived interest of the
military administration to exaggerate the nunib -r ot the
invading forces wh ch recently penetrated Maryland, and
which, doubling ? n it" tracks has j-ist returned to pay a
visit to Pennsylvania, via the old and familiar route of the
Shenandoah valley, which, as usual, is left conveniently
open f?r their ingress. The Army and Naval Journal
supposes itself to discover th? presence of a curious law in
the periodical return of these military it cursiors. It says :
' The annual expedition of the Confeterate forces into
Maryiniid and Pennsylvania has been inaugurated this
year at about the usual time, and with rath r more titan
the usual success. This setiea ot demonstrations has been
hitherto maintained with as much regularity as the aeries
of annual counter-movements o! our army agmist Rich
mond i but, let us be thauktul.it hss never yet accom
plished any thing equal to popular (ears. The uniformity
of the enemy's appearance aroun 1 Hatp?r's Ferry should
now be nearly sufficient to establish "one of Buckle *
' averages,' or at lesst to furnish the July almaunc makers
with another 'About this Ume may be expected.' It is
only paralleled by the uniformity with which Mitrj land
and Pennsylvania are leti unguarded and exposed until tbe
rebel cavalrymen leap their barn-yard fenC's and b<\jin
uutethering horses and wringing tbe necks of (owls Alter
that is d< ne. the stabio-door is vigorously shut. Heated
proclamations (r >m various Governors call out troops to
ej?ct the invader, and there is an annual 'uprising of the
North.' It should seem as if it must raise a blush ou our
cheeks to ask once more, with tumbling knee-joints, loc
local militia to check that ? invader' who has been ottea
officially announced as thoroughly demoralixed.'
DEATH OF COLONEL MULLIGAN.
The remains of Col. Mulligan, th* biro of Lexington,
Missouri, snd of many a sharp and dangerous encounter in
Western Virginia, arrived at Cumberland (MJ.) oo Inst;
Friday. He tell at Winob?*ter on the 'jftth ultimo. The
Wheeling Intelligence; tint (Jen. Kelly in a despatch
to Gov. Boremau pays the following haudsome tribute to
the fallen *oidier J
" Tbs remains of tho gallant Col. Mulligan arrived bete
| ihis u/oroing Irons Wiuehwtsr, )Va) where ha fell on the
instant. His devotfd wife havng pussed tilVOVvh the
lines on Tuesday, reached Winchester ? f w hours attor he
had lireatbsd hi^ Ins* Nhe returno 1 this morning wv h the
rsM?ins, aud wi 1 proceed to Chu-auo tomorrow morning
Hy the d( u h of Cot. Mulligan West Virgir U 1ms los a warm
and 'evoied friend and the country an able and gallant de
fender 1 am happy to infoim voi? tbu Mr?. Mulligan wm
ire ted by tlen. Larly Hud his offlcert with marked eonrtesr
and great kindness, receiving prompt and efflei?nt a xistauoe
to remove the remains of the gkUatit hero within the Keife-rai
B. F. KkllTj Brig. Gen."
The lobaoco crop has flourished up the Valley of the
Connecticut during all the dry weather, and ne*tr looked
better than it does new. The farmers hrre learned that
I wet weather t? uvt essential W suocom tu aettmg Ui?
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