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NATIONAL INTELLIGENCER. WOliDS OF TEUrn AND bO?KRNKS?. Among all the members of tho National ' laturc who have b?cn died U> f"'* .evcrc trial, wc know of intelligence, the di.cl.an5c of hi. d? ' ItZl!"Sk cowan, the learned Senator from the Stat, of Pcnusjlvania. Enter.og the Senate at the opening of the Thirly-setcnth Congress, he early woo for himself the admiration and respect " hi. ...ooi.ee., withont distinction ot party, by the learning and dignity with which be explained ,?d defended his views of publio policy, whl.e the independence and eloqnepoe for which he ... con spicuous in debate early drew to hltn the attention of all who mark with interest the progress of our parliamentary discussions. . , , Mr CoWAN, WC need not .ay, is a distinguished member of the Republican party, but in bis whole career a. a legislator he ha. made it apparent that he considers his firs, and highest allegiuft. due to the country, and therefore never narrow, his mind Bo as to give to the former the homage .hat should be paid only to tbe latter. _ ? , Our object in thus referring at this time to t e eminent place justly h<ld by this Senator in the eyes of the country, is to direct the PwtlcU^r attention of our readers to the subjoined weighty words, held tv him in the Senate on the -ah .June, a few days before the c\oae of the late ses sion. when that- body had under consideration Mr Trumbull's amendment repealing the JO n solution of J uly 17,1862, wU* thc nation act and limiU forfeitures under it to th life of the offender. Wo could wish tbat these words might sink into the heart of every loyal citi gen in the land, for we verily believe they are words of truth and soberness. Mr. Cow AW .aid: I think, Mr. Preaident, that our Afrri. in reaardto the Southern people baa been ol a cbaraeter X^ tbe reeerac of .La. ?h,ch woold bare ?r.u?~.(ul in .upprcaain, tb. rebell.nn W. w?. fTed witb inoomct idea, of tbe work ?e were engaged in or Ol tbe only metb^a by which we could perform tbe gigantic task we had undertaken, H. .tailed out with exaggerated notion, of our own atrengtb.and we d adamed to tbi..k ibat cur .ucee.. depended up.,u tbe loyal men-of tbe South; we thought we d,d uo. ueed Ibem, imd treaud tbem accordingly Think of .ueh a prope.i 0'n contained in (hi. law. that if tbe, do n'.t lay down to arm. in nxty da,a .bey will be pnoi.hed by los. of their eata'ea ' H ? pray. are .be, to I., down tbe.r a.m. I gureU we know enou(b to know that th.. .. mere mock err and tbe. the rebel Preaident might a. well expect a S, in our armre. to la, down hi. arm. upon a prom.se ?f?: CI?,. 1 bave sometime, doubted wbelter we on"'beTlua ?beu expect any p* r??.? to ~m ?c.m .ueb measures a. tbi., wbieb not only expo.e. US to ridicule bo. due. barm to our cau.e. What wa. wanting in tbi. cri.is of our bi.tory with new cr,mo,al leg.ala.ion, wben .be code waa complete before T We had a .ta.ne pnitiabing treaaon with de.tb, a Just and proper purnab. ?? Z Weil according with tb. mn,..tud.of tbe crime Z tell a. wi.b .be majeaty of lb. law which mle'ed,.. For all tboM who con.pired the di.memberment of tbe Re public, who uwd tbe mean, and perverted tie 8tate O?,v LumeLU to bring it, tbi. i. the fitting puni.hment be ^ it .. tbe bi*be?t, and felk upon tbe gu.l v alone, where it ought I would have hid no additional iaw.. in * tbey are not weded. I would bave con template do -.within the are* of the rebefcoo; they cannot be -..ch a time. What we waoted wan men ar,d made kX % -^ted, the true function of Coogre.. wa. t&wy th<*e g. ' red fcwJ fc|j partie. again repre </ver until peace we. . ^ ^ fca?e playHj ,ntfl ?ecu-d But above all tfciog. ^ done tfaat which tte baod. of the enemy; I would nv ^ j hkTe ^ the rebel. Bk'?t d^r^d f. have d ?e. b.. MX ttat tbi. and all k.ndred Mbeir^ have been 7 coe. ?b et U#y n>f^t wanted u. to adopt. I do not know that Jrfier* n Da*i? ever pra;? ; hut, if he doe?, 1 have no doubt be w ?ld pray Mr Walit Pray f?r ju.t .ueh an advocate. Mr Cow a*. Pray for Ju.t .ueh a .taterman a. the ban orabie 8ew?< r txm Ohio, the m.?t effocUve ally be ever had or could have. He would bave prayed for mea.urea on our part which ?,re obn< xioo. to all pc.ple of tbe South, loyal and d.. Vyai> Union and duunion. He would bave prayed that Z .b,uld outrage .11 their common prejudice, and cber iib#'d belief*; that we abould do the.r thing- by giving cur^We. over to the guidance of men whom it wa. part of their religion to hate; to hate per.ona >y and by narne, W!tb au inten.ity rarely witoewed >n the world befora. He W<.u!d bave prayed for cof.fi.cnt.-n g neral and ind.. cr.m.naU- ; threatening a, well the violim. of the u^urpa ton a. the u-u.per. tt,em?lve.; m well tho.e we were tx und to re.cue a? tho.e we were bound to puni.h, I er veutlv be would Lave prayed for our .-mancipation law. Jd proelamatioo. h. pea, . to fire tbe Southern heart toore potent than all oth.-T.; thry w.-uld rally the a-.gry "llauon to hi. .tandard o. revolt a. If each had per.ooa, quarrel. He would then bave a united ty.ulh ; wb.le a. the re.ult ol the .ame measure, a detracted and divided K<That i. the way I think he would have prayed and would pray now. 1. any man .? .tup.d a. not to know that the deal re on the part of every rebel i. to embark ,n re Jolt with bim tbe whole people ot the di.affected di.tnflU I. not and ha. not that been c ^.idered enough t? in.ure ?uccep. to h.u. 7 And where d,? hi.tory .bow the failure ?t a, v united people, number,r.B five or ..a million., when ?bey engaged in revolution? Nowhere: there .. no .ueh ^What did we do to bring thi. unity about in the Sonth t We forgot our fir.t re.olve in July. 1881. l<> reator.,.the . a w?>i.t further, and gave out that we Cmon .lone, and w. went l"? ? wjtould aUo aboil.b .lavery. ?'?w, i ?. tbe point upon which all Southern men were mort tender, Ind ?t which they were moat prone to be alarmed and of. fended That wa. of all thing, the one be.t calculated Z make the* of one mind agam.t u. ; there wa. no other to make tn ve ,o(t t) tbe Union "TT JST^* -"em " '? oo. a qne.tion ?tber a. to ?pbether they were right or wrong-that wa. matter f,.r whet y our.; for i( we were .o de.irou. ^'Ulw'tb tbem, we ougbtno. to ba.e .speen-d tbem ?K?ir moit Cben.hed institution, in order to "union, are made by people taking one another efleet it. u never yet occurred to any " ^bo'w- MUlous to form a partnerahip witb another ebang. bis religion or h.s pold? ^ _ ? J( >.,11 (|ll ,iou. ; would MMI ? ? i|bto b, partner witb Z as right to a.k you h. cnang. tb"rr , bnt one balf of tbem were at.ll for union T? aj before. beoau.e the, did not belie.e we were other balf wore in open rebellion b.^ abolition..! _ .t Now CftD nny one conceive of ?anM5 7ilv on our part than that we .hould de.troy the greater o y verify that of our enemie. f Conld UT I- body'bvea foretold we would have lo.t one balf by " a<L we would bave no one left to tornoiun , rn rrwe:;:w?-?^ inereaaed their "'"n,tb '^""""be great fact i. aUring u. people desperately in earnct to rw?t u?. Our mo.t pow | ertul armies inoat skillfully led have heretofore tailed to I conquer tbern, aud I think will fail ai long aa we purine I thin fatal policy. I Now, Mr Preaideut, I appeal to Seuatora whether it ih I uot time to pause aud iuquire whether that policy, which hit# Cirtainly united the tioutheru people in their came, aud which quite as certainly haa divided the Northern peo ple iu their pupport of oura, ought to be abaodoued at ooce Why peraiat in it longer 7 Can we do nothing to retrieve our fortune by retracing our ateps? Can we not divide the rebel* and unite the kyalixien of the Loyal Statee by going back to tfce aingle idea of war for . the Union; or la I it now too late? Have we loat irrecoverably our hold on the affectiona of our countrymen who were for the Union in 1861?even in 10G2T la there no wny by which we could aatiafy them tbat we yet mean Union, aud not con quest aud subjugation 7 'And what a difference in the meaning of th?>ae| two phraaea ! The first offers the haud of a brother, the second threatens the yoke of a master* Or are we obliged now .to exchange the hopea we had of Southern Union men for that other aud miaerable hope in the negro? Is he nil that ia left of loyalty in th* ttoutb, and the only ally we cau rely upon to aid ua in reatoring the Union? Ye gods' what have we come to at laat? Either to yield to an unholy rebellion, to diamember an empire, or to go into national cotupauionahip with the ue gro! Is this the alternative to which our madneaa haa brought ui 7 Mr. President, theae things are enough to drive a aane uiau mad. After all our pretenaion, all our boasting, how abaurd will we appear iu the eyea of all other nations if we fail in thia struggle ! Especially aa almost all tbe measures abi.ut which we have occupied ourselves for the last three years have bren bused upon our success already assumed as a fixed (act. We provided for confiscating the estatea of rebels before we got poaseasii.n; emancipated slavea before we got them from their maatera, and we provided f <r the diapoaition of conquesta we have not made; we have disposed of the skin of the bear and the bear itself ia yet uncaught. All this we haye put upon the reoord; the statute-book will bear witness againat ua iu all coming time; and we cannot escape the consequeaeea if we fail. Mr. President, our Government waa intended to be one of law, pre-eminently of law. There was to be nothing in the adujiu stration of it left to the arbitrary will of an in dividual or individuals.. This wan its merit, or intended so, par excellence. 1 am for preserving its character in that respect strictly. Let no man, from the President down to the most petty oflioer, dare to do any thing, whether to friend or enemy, except as warranted by law. Let us make war according to law, and let us have peace according to law. If we fight a belligerent enemy, let ua do it according to the law of nations. If we punish or re strain a refrac.ory citizeu, let us do it by the law of the Und, " by due process of law." Hal we had faith in our Constitution aud laws and our people, we had not been iu our piesent condition. Had we made war and war alone, the loyal people North and South to a man would have been with us. The voice of faction, if not entirely hushed, would have been harmless. The cspital of the demagogue would have been worthless, and the nation would have been irresistible. Had we treated the negro as the Consti tution tre-its him, as a person, as another man; had we made nodi?tioctiorn)r difference between him arrd other citizens, we had not aroused against him that tribal antipathy which will be far more likely to destruy him than a false philan thropy will be likely to elevate him in the acalo of being. If lie was friendly to us, the same use could have been made of him that we have m&de; we could have enlisted bim in our armies now as we have been enlisting him in our cavy for long years. We could have received him aa a volunteer, if he was able-bodied, without looking to hia complexion, and we could have drafted him without in quiring into the relations wkjch existed between him aud hia master, any more than we inquire into the relations of the white man of twenty years of age with hia parent or his guardian. State laws adjusted all those questions, but to the UniUd (States it mad? no difference whether be owed service to individuals or not; ho owed hia firat duty to t'je Republic nf military aervice was required. A?1 this was'lawful, and no loyal man ever did or would have com plained of it, kindly done iu tbe proper spirit. I have only to say in conclusion, sir, that I hope that the jo nt resolution will not be repealed, and that thia and all kindred prijecta will fail in the future, for the aimple rea s n that they strengthen the rebels by uuiting their people with them, and tbey weaken tbe Union cau?e by dividing I its frienda aud distracting them with unnecessary issues. Let us unite upon the aingle idea of suppressing the armed opp -sitioo to the Government. Let the energies of the nation be devoted solely to that purpose, and success may yet come, if success is possible. , OPERATIONS ON JAMES RIVER. * ? A J-IIABP BATTLE AND REPULSE OF REBEL8. Tbe annexed despatch from Bermuda Hundred an noun cea the occurrence on Wednesday of a aharp engagement oa the north bank of James river between a large force of tie enemy and aeveral divisions of our troops, which re ? jlt?*<l in the defeat of the rebels and tbe capture of four pieces of artillery: Bermuda Hukdreo, July 27, l i* Fort Alonrut, July '28 An important movement ia in progress from this p?int, ar d this morning, whilst our troopa were crossing the Jhui'-k river to the north ai Je, on two p ntoon bridges, a rebel f ?rc- came down and attacked our men on the banks, before they had time to organize. A spirited engagement took | l?ce, and the enemy were driven back to their en trenchments Our troops, a till arriving, organized and attacked the rebel works. carrying tbern and capturing four guns, marked "captured from the Yanke-e at Drury's Bluff We also csptured many prisoners. Tbe en?uiy were finally driven fiom their pueiti<?u into the roads fsr bt-yond where akirm ehmg oontiourd when our informant left. Tbe gunboat* were on hand and rendered valuable assistance in covering tbe landing of our troops. The guna raptured are no doubt the same that were optured from Capt Belger's buttery by tlo- rebela on tbe I7tb of May. Theae guns aie now at. City Point. U i ? ANOTHER ACCOUNT A letter from the Army ot the Potomac, dated on the 28th instant, gives a . additional particular of tbe en counter and its results This letter eays : '? The arrival of some troops in the vicinity of Bermuda Hundred a day or two a?o attracted the attention of the enemy, and caused them to believe that an advance on Richmond by way of Malvern Hill was intended. "A lore* conaistin< of Renshaw's diviaion and Long atre?t'a corps, and Wilcox's division of Hill s corps, wa< immediately withdrawn from the vicinity of Petersburg and sent down to check the movement. "To counteract this movement on the part of the ene my, the Second Corps waa detached and sent across the j J?hihs river, and at half-paat six o'clock yesterday morning the advar r j met the rebel skirmishers in an open field, opposite Jones's Neck. Their battery was in position at tbe edge of the woods on the further aide of the field. " A long line of skirmishera waa thrown out at once from our force, who aoon drove the rebela to their 5rea?tworks, where they we*e kept hotly engaged, while a brigade of the firat division moved around on tbe left of the enemy's line, and, getting on tbe lett .,f their flank, charged them, dri ving tne rebels from their guns into the woods, capturing fifty or sixty prWouers aud four guns, and a quantity of small arms. ' 1 be enemy fell hick on their reinforcements, who occu pied some strong works built there some two yeara agn. Our troops followed, taking up a position in front and on their flank, and before thia reaches you the entire party It was hoped, would be captured or routed. The guns taken weie four 0-pound Parrotta, marked May 2'J, IH64, near Richmond, and were the same which had been captured from the Eighteenth Corps at Drury's Bluff last May' Our 1"1> waa only about a half dozen wounded, none reported seriously. " Oen Grant rode to the front in tbe afternoon, and, in company with Hanc >ck, reviewed the position the enemy had taken. He seemed well pleas ad with the morning'a operations. * " Gen. Foster's ci mmand had a lively time with tbe enemy yeaU-rday at Una place, but his force being weak he fell back some half a m le to a atronger position which he held until the arrival of the Second Corps. He lost forty or fifty uieu wounded during the day " An attack waa expected on Geo. Warren's front yea terday, but t* waa not made. "Picket and a.uSIery firing ia indulged in to the uaual ext-nt, ao ! o as sharper in frout of tl.o K'phteenth Corps yesterday than formerly." Last week tbe "Suffolk Herald," one of the most infln ential of the Republican (J^pers on Long Island, took th* names of the Baltimore candidates from the head of its columns.?Jour, of Com. ASSAULT ON PETERSBURG. ONE REBEL PORT BLOWN UP AND THEIR OUTER LINE OF WORKS CAPTURED. A FURIOUS BATTLE AND A REPULSE^ " Last Friday afternoon, Gen. Grant ordered the wagon train belonging to the Sixth Corps to be driven over the pontoon bridge across the James river, at Jones's Neck, the same bridge by which the Second Corps had crossed two days previously to Deep Bottom, where they had a battle with the enemy. The movement of the 8ecoud Corps had drawn a con siderable force from Lee, and the demonstration with the empty wagons caused him to send another large force to intercept the anticipated attack on Richmond upon the northerly aide. This feint having produced the desjfed effect, Hancock s corps was marched back on Friday uight during the dark ness to the rear of the army operating against Petersburg, sud the tired men lsy duwu to act as a reserve to the torce whioh was to assault Petersburg. All things being in readiness, at daylight on Saturday morning Gen Grant gave the order to move on the enemy's works, aud the mine in front of Burnside b line, at the point which is a key to the rebel line of earthworks?a point which commands other important portions of that liy?wuh exploded. The result, acd what followed down to the hour of the latest news, are relatefl in the subjoined despatches. o ASSOCIATED PRESS DESPATCH. Headquarters Army Potomac, July 30. The great event so long anticipated, via. the exp osion of the mine under the enemy's fort in front of the Ninth Corps, etude off this morning at 4.4U. Picket firing; was< kept up all night, and, in fact, at the time the match was applied the skirmishers were still engaged on both sides. The volume of dirt thrown up was immense, aud, rising over three hundred feet in the air, resembled more au im mense fountain of dirt than any thing else The Ninth Corps at once charged the works, driving the enemy to their second line, and taking a number of prison ers, some of whom were dug out of the dirt badly bruised. They state that only about a doeen of their (a South Caroliua) regiment are left. As soou as the explosion took place, one hundred and twenty guns opened ou our front, while tke musketry I blazed in one continuous line of fire along the front of the Ninth and parts of the Fifth and Eighteenth Corps. The scene was one long to be remembered by all who witnesseJ it, but the smoke fiom the guns soso obBcured the view, and the first particulars of success weie gleaned from those who came in with the prisoners. 'I lie prisoners state that they were completely surprised, most of those in the fort being asleep at the time. 1'hey state that there were four guns in the fortification, which of course were buried far out of sight. The fort that was demolished was mannel by a South Carolina regiment, with the exception of one o: two short companies that were out as pickets. Not m >ie than four or five of those who manned the fort could hive possibly escaped. I saw a member of th s South Caroliia regiment being carried along in a Fifth Corps ambulanae. He whs fearfully wounded, the blood gushing from him in one full, never-ceasing nvulet. He lay in the ambulance in a com plete bath of blood. The firing on both sides was so dreadful thai it is abso lutely impossible to couvey a correct impreision ol it. But, murderous as the fire from the rebels wa?, it was as nothiug compare! to the execution which ours effected It seemed impossible that shots should fallow each other in such rapid succession. At the time of writing we are in the seoind line of the enemy's breastworks, and.the din and clatgor of bat tle resemble the fancied s'ghts and sounds of h*ll rather than any thing else. There <s not so much firing from our right as from o'har portions of the line, the Tifch Corps having been held in reserve. o OUR FORCES REPULSED AND DHIVEN BACK TO THEIR TRENCHES Later information fr-m the army is to the eflect that after the explosion on the morning of the 30th every thing betokened a brillaat viotorv. But soon afterwards mat ters assumed a d.ff rent aspect, and part of the attacking fore* gave way, and the remainder were exposed to an enfilading fire from artillery and infantry. The Correspon dent of the Associated Press says: " A psuse of twenty minutes followed the springing of th* mine before the charge was made by the Nin'h Corps, who then sprang forward to the first line of ???acliinenU, which was catried, and they then push . -?rtocd line, exposed to a murderous en ed on to the r r* u Wha m, it ? t ?ua batteries, neio filadmg fire from the enem, that the negro troops cowered bftiore the ? and fell back in disorder. Other divisions of the Ninth and Tenth, however, pushed on, gaining the secoud line of entrenchment* and up to the third aud last line, and appa rently the day wss our own, but here somebody blundered, and if we may believe report, our troops paused for two ar*d a hairhours at this point, waiting the order to assault this third line, giving an opportunity for the enemy to rally their force; and crowd our thinned columns back to their starting point, so tLat the imporUnt advantages gained were snatched from us at the moment when, apparently, Petersburg was won. " Our loss was pretty heavy iu the fighting betweeu the entrenchments, amounting to 1,000 or 1,500 men. Ir' wits r< parted at City Point when the mail boat lelt yesterday that we took three hundred prisoners in the rebel entreuch ments, and thai some seven hundred of the enemy were kilied by the explosion. "The rtbels appear to have bef n informed a# to the direc tion in which Gen. Grant's mining op. rations were run ning, as shown by the fact that they had removed twelve of the sixteen guns belonging to the fort exploded. " Though Gen. Grant has not succeeded in accomplish ing his purpose in his initial attempt upon flie works of the enemy, and is apparently no nearer Petersburg than he was before the explosion of his mine, he realty has gained possession of information V to the eneuv'a positions that, combined with the destruction of the principal f irtificati.m defending Petersburg, places him much nearer the accom plishment of his work. " Th* story that Petersburg was burned on Satnrday is not true. Casual shells may have struck buildings and fired them, but the town was not deliberately shelled, as reported. " There was no firing after two P. M. on Saturday, and there was only desultory firing after nineo'clock A. M Our troops were back where tb*>y started before eleven o clock A M." Another despatch states that the programme for the as sault was not fully carried out, else a decisive victory would have crowned Gen Grant's efforts. It says : " The programme was : Mine to be exploded at 1 A. M., and batteries to open along the entire line at the same hour. The Ninth Corps, supported by the Eighteenth and Ayres's division of the fifth and the third division of the Second Corps, was to charge immediately after the explosion. Every thing was in readiness to carry out the arrangements a. ordered, but the explosion was later than the hour designated, the fuse having gone out twice after being 1 ghted. ii 4 40 all things were in readiness, and the ruse was again lighted, and this time the explosion took place, and a deafening r?ar of artillery followed. At 54 the charge was made, and the fort, with a part of the line on each aide, was oarried in a style to reflect credit upon the vete rans engaged in the charge. It was a decidedly brilliant affair Th" second line of the rebels, a short distance be yond the fort, was oarried by tin second division of the Second Corps, wbich was on the centre, and they ad vanced a short distance beyond the rebel fort and rested, but held their gronnd with a determination that must have been appalling to the rebel*. " The contest was here about to be deeided. Brig. Geo. White's division of colored troops were ordered to push forward anl carry the crest of a hill, but after advancing Iin good order as/ar as the first line they were checked by a galling fire, and the main body faltered and fell back, although a number kept on The greater number, how ev#r, seemed to become uttefly demorAteed, tad a part ol them took refuge in the fort, white the -remaiuder, in confusion, ran to the tear &s fast as possible, and iu the retreat embarrassed our advancing white troopa. Au effort was wade to rally the retreating force, but without success. # " The offioers of the oolored troops behaved ?obly aud bravely, and' in their endeavors to rally their retreating companies the majority of thrin were killed or badly Wounded. In fact ao great was the lots that they seemed to be beyond iuanageuient. Indeed there waa no one to manage them, and thus they finally fell bock, embarrassing our advancing troops, and got out of range of the mus ketry and caunister, which had been (aud waa) ploughing it? way through their ranks. " We took about two hundred and fifty priaonera, most ly South Caroliniana, aud five battle-flag*. " Ail waa quiet on Sunday night." GRAPHIC ACCOUNT OP THE CHARGE AND RE PULSE OF THE NATIONAL TROOPS. The attack on the enemy's works on Saturday waa aligned to the Ninth Corp*, (Burnside's.) It was at first arrange! that the colored division of Geo. Ferrero should take the lead, tlrht officer having asked permission to head tbe atsault with hi* troops. The plan was subsequently altered, and he was assigned the support of the attacking columus. The other divisions were to lead as the chance of lottery would decide. The white troops were to occupy the hill crowned by the rebel w:irks and oover the advance of tbe colored troops into the oity. On the evening before the assault the division commanders of the Ninth Corps drew lots for position in the attacking column. The first division (Ledlie's) won the lead, and so headed the attack on Saturday morning. Following Ledlie came the lines of Wiloox aud Potter, and the colored troops of Ferrero. To the latter was allotted the task of leading the assault after the outer line was gained. They fought well for a time, and captured two rebel flags; but fresh reinforce ments of toe enemy haviug come up and oharged them fiercely theyiiroke and rau, in utter demoralization, to the rear of the white troops. The enemy pursued their ad vantage and drove buck our forces to the position they bad occupied before tbe assault, recapturing the works we had taken. Supporting tbe Ninth Corps were the troopa of Gen. Ord, the veterans of the Tenth and Eighteenth Corps. The shock of the enemy's charge is stated to have been terrible. The flanks of our columns were pierced with infantry and enfiladed with artillery, notwithstanding that our batteries kept up a terrific fire upon every point from which the enemy could command the advancing columns. Our losses are not yet certainly known. They are stated exceed two thousand killed and wounded, and one thousand tak^n prisoners. The loss of the Eighteenth Corps was probably four hundred, mostly wounded. We captured four or five hundred piisoners. ACCOUNT OF THE BATTLE. Before Petersburg, July 30?P. M. To-day is a black day in the calendar of the Ninth Corps. Repulsed,'bloodily repulsed at last, when victory seemed ?j sure, when the prize seemed within grasp! It is not the t me to lament what might have been done. The fact stands clearly forth that our lines to-night are where they were before daybreak this morning, but thinned by the loss of several thousand of our most gallant men. THE EXPLOSION OK THE MINE. The time assigned for the springing of the mine was ori ginally half-past three o'clock ; but, as darkness still co vered the earth like the blackest night, it was postponed until after (our o'clock, wben still another delay occurred. The fuse had been spliced half way in the tuiinel, and there ceased to burn. Alter the .expiration of a reasonable amount of time, one of tbe officers of the Forty eighth Pennsylvania daringly entered the tuunel and relit the ex tinguished fuse. Not long now was expectation kept wait ing. Before many minutes there was a quiver, a trem bling of tbe ground, and slowly, tor the circumstances, the detached cone of eirth rose into tbe air, bearing with it to some height the bodies of the garrison, tbe timber atid planking, a id s< me say even the guns of th? fort. Tbe noise of tbe explosion w as inconsiderable. A greater ?bock was expected; but the d ptb at which the mine was situated?over twenty feet?unquestionably bad much to do with muffling the sound. While tbe bug* mass stood poised for a moment in tbe air it was a magnificent object i of contemplation. Tbe interstices within?it seemed made, of layers and shafts of sand?were lit up with the lurid flash of tbe exploding gunpowder, and tbe variegated as pectof the whole?here dark, there illuminated?reminded me of the pictures of Mounts Vesuvius and Etna in erup tion. ^fter pausing a moment, down it sank ag<<in, like a fountain when tbe water is suddenly shut off, and tbe air bepame filled w;th dust. No uninteresting feature of the m< rnent was the dense, sharply defined oloud of smoke which et sued upon the explosion, and which was then waftetil acily through the air. THE EFFECTS OF THE EXPLOSION. Of the efT-cts of the explosion we are now informed through some of the victims who escaped with only a few scratches. Tbey state that such was the terror croated at other parts of tbe line that the cannoniers deserted their ""d raD not knowing which fort was n-xt to go up. Some say thera were as many as three jegimenU in the fort blown up, but about this there is, I think, some doubt. It is certain, however, that one regi m^nt?the Jvventy second South Carolina?was within and in tbe vicinity, and that it was almost entirely buried. Its Color el (Fleming) is reported to baye p?ri?hed with it. The ganison was asle* p at the time, with the exoep ion of a few on guard, nnd it is reasonable, therefore, to sup pose that tbe assault was a complete surprise. THE BOMBARDMENT."*" We have born accustomed heretofore to point to Fred ericksburg or Malvern IMI as instances of tbe severest cannonading. We shall in future, I think, speak of that at Petersburg, arid make it the* basis of comparison. Tbe explosion ot the mine was hardly over when the artillery be'ch^d forth Kirst a Rodman thirty-two pounder on our front wa? plainly distinct; but soon tbe whole leagth of the line became enveloped in tbe di?c^rge?. and tbe air was fi I vl with tbe tremendous ooncusHPl. For a time the rebel artillery did not respond? a proof of tbe terror alrtady spoken ot as having been created among tbe gun ners by tbe springing of tbe m>ne. But .th-ir officers raj lied them, and ere uiany minutes the rebel line too was ablaf4. THE CHARUP. OF THE INFANTRY. Under cover of the night onr infantry had been formed behind the outer works The charge was to have been made when the explosion took place The brigade of Col Marshall, of the first division, had the advance ; but as the terrific mass of earth loomed up so suddenly and so near I hem, a momentary fear was felt that it was one of our < wn f.trts which had been mined by the enemy. Tha de lusion was an optical one, hut still had its effect in re straining th? impetus of the first onset I will not say that th? men became panin-stricken; but tbey hesitated and tha line of hntlle swayed. At last the efforts of the officers prevailed, and the brigade?but not until some five or t? n minutes had elapsed?charged with a wild cheer. The first brigade, under the gallant Bartlett, was at their h>-els, and, together, Ledlie's whole diviaion charged through the bre^eb. What few of the enemy were near by surrendered without a shot. The breach waa filled with rebels, who were struggling to clamber oat of ibe sand. These, more fortunate than their oomrndes, had been but partially buried A detail was rapidi; made, and our men went to work to exhume all they could, really aa anxious now to disinter all whom a few minutes before they bad been as anxious to bury. As fast as extricated tbe rebels, with tbe other prisoners, were aent to the rear, tbe wounded to the hospitals, where tbey arrived with tbe first < f our own injured. Indeed, the one ambiance wa% soon filled with Upion and rebel sol diers indiscriminately. Following came the Thirty-fifth regiment of Massachu setts, the engineers of the division, who set to work with their tools to reverse tbe slope of tbe rebel line of entrench ments and open up a covered way to the works bebipd. Tteir efforts, however, were but vainly employed, as tbe sequel ahowa. Potter's division came in rear of Ledlie's and followed ) into the rebel line, engaging tbe enemf, who atill remained k in position upon tbe right flank. Wilcox's division went further to the left and oocupied the works in that direction. Would that I could end my record here. Wonld that tbe day's Work had ended with tbe capture of that first line. THE CHARUE OF THE COLORED DIVISION. Now came the event of tbe hour, the turning point of the day. In rear of ti e main eolumn of attack tbe colored diviaion had been formed with a view to passing tbe other division^, when t}>ey had gained the outer line, and making tbis a startii g point for the eontiaui'ice of the charge. 1 he first division held the centre, w>tli the second and third on either flank, and now the fourth advanoed beyond. The troopa were in two columns, each brigade constituting a column. Their splendid discipline could not but be nb served, and in the early part of the contest no soldiers behaved more galinutly. They charged upon the next and an interior line of the enemy, and for a time gained deeided advantages, as is attested in two rebel battle flags, f Which they capturrd and brought olf with tbom. But the rebels, exasperated u we know theui now to have been at sight of the negroes, fought with the fury of devils, and, reiuforceuieuts coining to thoir aid?our signal officers counted sit brigades hurried from a camp beyond the town?the tide of battle turned. The colored troop* gave way, broke iu contusion. when the rebel*, having repulsed their charge, oharged them in turn, and then taey ran, a terror stricken, disordered mass of fugitive*, to the rear of the white troop* In vain their officers endeavored to rally thein with all the persuasion of tongue, sabre, and pistol. Whatever of discredit attache* to the troop* themselves, their officer* are beyond reproach. THE TERRIFIC CHARGE OF THE REHELfl. And now the victorious, flushed enemy bore down upon the white divisions, and the shock was a fearful one. The headlong charge wa* stayed and repulsed again and again. Numbers of our met} had huddled into the crater of the exploded fort, aud the enemy's mortar shell* burst amongst tLem, causing a large saeiiftce of life. The enemy at the same time pressed the flank* of our army with infantry aud enfiladed them with artillery. At length came the order to fall back, but it was not accomplished without an additional and heavy loss in prisoners. Geus Griffin and Hartrauft narrowly escaped. Gen. Bartlett, less for tunate, is in the enemy's hands. Ha had brien advised to re tire at a time when he oi>ul1 hive done so in comparative safety, but he waited with his brigade to the last mouteut, and eventually became a prisoner. He went into the fiuht with his cane, and it is reported that hid wooden leg was twice hit by the enemy's bullets. His bravery is the sub jeot of universal comment throughout the oorps, aud his capture is deeply regretted. , OUR LOSSES.| I cannot as yet ascertain fully the extent of our loss. The killed aud wounded number certaiuly not more than eighteen hundred, aud fully one thousand prisoners have been taken. A number o^.our wounded fell into the ene my'* hand*. About three hundred of the oolored troop* were captured. What the enemy's los* is we do not know, but we tiave about four hundred prisoners. Before Petersburg, July 31?A.M. Every thing is q^uiet agaiu, beyond the usual picket fir* ing. Indeed, the late battle seems like a dream, so quietly have affa rs glided back into their old chauuel, as they were before the attack. ACCOUNT OF THE NEW YORK TRIBUNE. Headquarters Arm* or the Potomac, Sunday Morning, July 31, ld64. The 8&Dguine expectations of a decided success that were raised at the opening of the attack by the Ninth Corps upon the rebel works yesterday, were not, I regrot to say, realited. Instead of the hoped-for triumph to the loyal army, I have to reooid the failure. The plan and object of the Commanding Generals for the movements of yesterday were briefly as follows : The Niuth Corps was to be withdrawn during the pre ceding uight from its position in the centre of the main line, and massed immediately in the rear of our main line and to the right of the mine. Gen. Carr's colored division was to relieve it upon the line. ' The Eighteenth Corps was also to be withdrawn from main liue, relieved by the third division of the Second Corps, that had the day before recrossfd the James river and massed in a position to the right of and in close supporting distance of the Ninth Corps The Fifth Corps was to leave its line thinly pick eted, and to be masked to the left of aBil close to the Niuth Corps. The first and second divisions of the Second Corps were to recross the James under cover of reserve before the commencement of the attack to the right of and behind the Eighteepth Corps The cavalry corps whs also to re turn to the rear of our liue, around the rebel right, and move upon and attack Petersburg from its southern and ?outhwrstern approaches. , The first division of the Ninth Corps was to avail itself promptly Of the consternation created among the enemy by the explosion of the mine, push forward formed in column of attack, and carry the intervening rebel works- The second aud third divisions of the Ninth Corps were to follow the first, to the right and left of it, and take position with it. The Fifth and Eigh teenth Corps were to close up as toon as the enemy's liue was broken. The mine was to be exploded at .1 ,}(J A. M. The dampness of the main passage had affected the fuse by which it was to hp ignited earning a delay i f over three-quarters of an hour. At 4 20 those in charge succee4ed in springing it. Within a few minutes after the explosion the two bri gades of the fi'st division?the second, Col. Marnhay, of the }4tb New York Heavy Artillery, commanding, in the lead, followed by the first, under oommand of Brig. Gen Bartletf, of Mas. achusetts?jumped over the breastworks forming our main line and advanced at a charging pace They were hardly in motion when they rece ved a volley from the enemy, who, although surprised by the explo ?ion, were evidently prepared against an attnrk, owing to the noise inevitably made by the concentration of tro ps and the movements of trains and artillery, &c for hours, olose to tbeir front. The explosion, although it had destroyed the rebel bat tery, had o ft affected the abatis and othor obstructions in its front, and the attacking column experienced consider able trouble in work ng their way over them Part of our line passed into tne fort, and part to the right of it, upon curtain-like entrenchments connecting the right of the bat tery wish the line of breastwoiks beyond it. As soon as the first division had moved, the second and third followed it to the right and left, and closed up with it at the work. *Tbe enemy, meanwhile, had opened*a vigorous musketry and artillery fire from their entrench m^nts that enclosed the work in the form of an angle, giving them an enfiladijig fire. 8everal attempt* wt re made by our troops to continue the a Ivan -e toward Ceme- ? tery Hill, but tboy failed under tue s'verity of the fl e. About six o'clock the colored divisiop, Gen. Ferrero, commanding, was ordered to take up th# attack, aud ppsb to the rlgh' of tbp other divisions lor Cemetery Hill dis tant four buodred yards beyond. It advanced in line with great steadioers. until it came up in line with the other divisions, and received a severe fire, when the column turned to the left, whether by command or without I am unable to say, and the mass of it became mixed up with troop< in and about the work. About one tfcousaud of the colored troops rushed over th* parapet into the interior of the work, which the ex plosion bad caused to make a plt-lik* lorm, and was al ready crowded to overflowing with officers and men. The negroes tumbled headlong down the slopinii sides, when a sctjue of inextricable contusion ensued Efforts were made by officers to get them out jf the work and form outside, but they failed, and the stiangely miugled mass of human beings continued to crowd the pit, tfce upper portion of which wss about on? hundred feet in diameter. When the attack commenced all our heavy and light batteries in position, over oue huudrea pieces in all, open ed aud kept up a trr mendou? fire, mostly with shell, upon the enemy's line, but, nevertheless the rr'bel fire increased io severity. Between seven and eight o'clock three attempts were made by < ur troops to charge, but each of them was check ed by the enemy's fire. Hquads of meu during that time were continually trying to nnke their way bark to our main line, but the intervening space?open ground, about one hundred and fifty yard* in widih?wa< so thoroughly swept by the enemy's fire that many were shot down in the att mpt to escape. ... About nine o'clock the fire from our batteries slack ened, aud soon afterward the enemy rushed r>u* of his en trenchment and charged upon the position held by our troops. They were at first checked, but finally ?ucceeded ift gaining most of the ground between the work and tLeir lirttv arid came within a short distance of oar froops. More and more of the latter att-mpted to get back to our lines from the work and the rifle pus and minor entrench ment* about it. Many succeeded, but mai.y also were killed and wounded. About teu o'clock Ihe enemy made another charge, when a great swarm of men, estnnated by some at a tb<w*andr mostly blacks, broke out of the fort and attempted to escape to our lines. Hundreds of them never reached it. What was left of our troops in the work now became completely hemmed in, the rebel standards bting planted close to the parapet west of the work, and the rebel fire causing retreat impracticable. They continued in that predicament for nearly an hour, when an order was is?ued (by whom I have not positively ascertained) directing tbe whole army to fall back to its original position. The dif ferent divisions of tbe 10th Corps temporarily attached to tbe 18th, was ordered to make an attack to their right, in order to divert the enemy's fire from tfoem. It advanced some distanco but gained no advantage, and subsequently fell back, when the order alluded to above was Shortly aifterward tho rebels were heard to make another charge, to which the party doubtless surrendered. The Fifth Corps was under fire all We forenoon, but did not join in the attack. Tbe Second Corps was entirely passive. The cavalry corps crossed tho rear of our lines in the course of the forenoon. Oeu. Sheridan s original orders were afterward modified, and the further move ment of his command stopped. Our loss has not yet been fully repoded, but will be several thousand. At the time ol writiug the army again occupies its old position along the whole line. THE REBEL8 GATHERING WFIEAT. It is stated that the rebels, instead of coming into Mary, land to be threshed themselves, are threshing out the wheat harves) in the Hhenandoah Valley, where they have seve ral threshing machines at work at various points. The Republican says tbat " officers of Hunter's command, who recently passed throngh the Valley of the Phenandoah, state that the crops there are very abnndant, and that success In harvesting and oonveying away eten a fair pro portion of them would further pay the enemy for all tbe tpil and losses of tbeir preaeot expedition." BUKMNU OF CHAMBEIibBURG. The outburst of indignatiou with which- the burning Cbambersburg by Gen. McCtusUud h&? been received in the Loyal Ht*t**? mrvcii to *bow Urn appreciation ?n which all auch acts of vandalism ?ro jusily bold, however reserv ed may have Ihm-ii iU expression* when (be outrage was committed by odr troops in the 8outh. Wh.-u Bluffton, iu South Carolina, and Darieo, iu Qeorgia, and Alexandria, in Louisiana, and Washington, in North Carolina, were bun.ed by our forces, there were not wauting those iu the Loyal States who deplored theae several acta of wanton ness or carelessness an unworthy of honorable and Chris tiau warfare; but, partly from the remoteness of thercene of such wrong-doing, and partly from a languid stnse of In. dignatioa in all that coooerua the misfortunes of the ene my, there waa no very vivid or univeraal feeling on the sub jtot. Aud we do not doubt that in tbe Confederate Statea there will be found multitudes who will unthinkingly ap plaud tbe buruing of Chamberaburg aa an aot of righteoua retaliation, if uot aa commendable in itaelf. We do uot need to a->y to our readera that all auch deeds of barbarism, whether committed by one aide or the other, fix a atigma of disgrace on our national cbaraoter; and if auy have been unable to realize the atrjeity of theae ex cesses ao long &a they were exoluaively committed by our troopa, it is to be hoped that their native heinouaneaa will be clearly perceived iu the light of the burning homes of Chamberaburg, and that for the credit of the national name we shall not be called to chronicle auch horrora in the future prcgresa of the war. Mr S 8. COX, of Ohio. We find in the Columbua (Ohio) Statesman of Monday last tin account of a political ovation given to the Hon 8. 8. Cox by hia friends iu that city, on the occasion of hit first appear ance amongat the-people of hia diatrict after the late long and arduouB seaaion of Congress, in which bia varied talents, hia industry, and hia devotion to hia priuoiplea won for him al'ke the respect of opponents and the adtairation of friend*. The apeech of Mr. Cox ia mainly devoted to a review of the proceedings of Congress during the session which baa just ckaad. SICK AND WOUNDED FROM THE FRONT. The hospital steamer Connecticut arrived here yester day, having or* board four hundred and thirty-two sick and wounded wen from the hospital at City Point, and thirty seven officer*, the majority of whom were wounded at Petersburg on Saturday. These officer* claim (as we learn from the 8tar) that the explpeion of the mine was a complete success, and our failure to accomplish the object in view?the oarrying of the reb.-l work* and the capture of Petersburg?was owing to the bad conduct of the negro troops After cap turing aud holding for some time the two first lines of rebel breastworks, the second division of the Ninth Corps, which is composed of negro troops, were ordered to oharge, but, beifg exposed to an enfilading fire, they broke and run, and pitched pell-mell into the supports, causing con siderable confusion. The rebels, taking advantage of this, poured grape and cinnister in upon our forces with terri ble effect. The Second and Thirtieth Michigan regiments lost heavily in prisoners, as did also the negro troops. MORE FIGHTING NEAR ATLANTA. A special despatch to the New York World states that the Gover iment has received despatches by which it ap pears that Gen. Sherman had a cousidemble fight near At lantaon Wednesday, the 27th ultimo. It is the first intelli gence of the kind received here from any sourcc. The Richmond papers of Saturday do not mention it in their advices frjm Hood's army. Gen Hood attacked General Sherman in bis entreuched position and failed to carry his assault, with the Ions of nearly a thousand killed, which Gen. Sherman's men buried Just In frotit of onr lines. His loss in killed and wouuded was a little over six hundred. Geo Sherman's despatches are understood to detail this fight, but the above is said to be the gist of it. Nashville, July 29.?Gen. Sherman is again in mo tion in front of Atlanta. The army began moving yester day upon the last line of communication with tbe rest of the Confederacy left to Gen. Hood. An early engagement is anticipated, as the armies ore so clo?e to each other that the slightest movement may stir up a fight. A leltor from an officer at the front describes the battle of the 22d as the severest fighting he bad ever known, and says we have buried 2,200 rebels, with 1 500 more to bury. Gen. Bragg br ught orders from Richmond to bold At lanta at all hastrds, and in a council of war so stated. Johnston preferred resigning to fighting, and retired. Hardee then deel ned to accept tbe position, when it was giveu to Hcod on the express condition that ke was to slay and fight. This arrangement was entirely satisfac tory to all parties on our side interested in the matter. Hood has probably already stayed loo long. Naniiville, July 30.?In the battle of the 38th our loss was le?s than six hundred. The rebel loss is esti mated by Gen. *'uward at five thousand. We buried six huudred and forty-three dead rebels and more were left unburied. Our foroes in this engagement were covered, while those of the enemy were exposed. The rebel Generals Stewart, Long, and S. D. Lee were severely wounded. Authentic official information places the rebel loss since the investment of Atlanta considerably above 20,000. Every thing is progressing favorably. LOUISIANA. The Louisiana Constitutions! Convention sdopted. on the 22d ultimo, the new Constituti'.u by a large majority, and will immediately subedit to the people. Gen. Banks baa prohibited tiie transfer of gold to the rebel Ststes, and stoppod all traffic in gold exc-pt tbe purchases of it to to deposited in the United States Treasury, such deposits to be drawn out only on satisfactory explanation being given of the purpose to which the gold is to be applied. MILITARY EXECUTION. William H. Carter, a citisen of Maryland, having beeu found guilty by a military commission held in this city of violating the laws of war by furnishing goods and medical supplies to tha enemy, passing from our lines into theirs, and carrying tbem letters and information, thereby acting as a spy, and for breaking his oath of allegiance, Is te to hting on Friday nfxt in the enclosure attached to the Old Cnpito! prison, the President of tbe United States having approved the sentence of the Commission which directed that Carter should be bung. NEGRO CELEBRATION. This is to be another gals-day for the " colored people " within the grounds of tbe President's Mansion, permission t<> occupy which has, according to an announcement in tbs Star, been granted by tbe President " for a demonstration 'of the appreciation of tbe colored people of the muoh * desired and highly appreciated privileges they are per 'mitted to enjoy since the freeing of ths slaves and atollsb ' ing of the black laws of the District of Columbia " Tto colored Sabbath Schools are to be present. Preaching is announced for eleven o'clock and three o'clock, and an address at four o'clock. " A choir and full band of music. ' Admittance 25 cents; children 10 cents. The proceeds ' are to be applied to the purchase of a tanner, to to ' known as the Banner of Freedom These groands were occupied by tbe negroes on tbe Fourth of July last, and were never before occupied for a l.ke purpose by either wbit> r or blacks. < THE UPPER POTOMAC The Baltimore American of yesterday says ; " All intel ligence from the Upper Potomac represents every thing quiet. Reconnoissances by our cavalry fail to find Early's forces, and, in fact, no rebel troops but ths small guerrilla parties. McCausland's cavalry are believed to to tto only rebels who Imve been in Pennsylvania, and they are ere. this back in tbe Shenandoah Valley. The military manage ment of affairs is being sharply criticised by the press." Tbe Gssette ssys Gen. Hunter burned Gov. Letcher's house because Letcher bad issued a proclamation calling upon the people to bushwhack our troops. But it happens that Gov. Letcher is an ex-Governor, and had no authnrity to issue a proclamation. Extra Billy Smith is now Govern or of Virginia.*?Cincinnati Commercial,