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Weekly national intelligencer. (Washington [D.C.]) 1841-1869, December 08, 1864, Image 1

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Weekly National Intelligencer
The subscription price of this paper for a fear la Two
DOLLARS, payable in advance.
A reduction of 20 per cent.(one-fifth of the fullcharge
will be made to any one whosh&Uorder andpfly for,at one
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No account? being kept for thid paper, it will not be sent
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the time for which it is paid.
We are glad to observe that uiauy among tho
unet influential journals of the Republican press
vontinue to recur to the " lirst principles" of the
great struggle in wbiob the cation is engaged with
An armed sedition. After premising that the con
tinuance of this war, with all it* terrible work, one
dsy beyond an actual necessity, would be the most
enormous of crimes, the New Vork Times justly
holds that " ft is of supreme moment to both sides
to know just what constitutes tliis necessity and
just where it will ocaio." While Northern opin
ions and Southern opinions widely differ on these
points, this difference, it thinks, is not so broad as
is sometimes represented, since " a great many fig
ments and a great many non-essentials hsrve been
constantly wrapped about the real issue." Aimi%
to atrip these disguises from the " pith " of the
matter at issue between "the North "and "the
South," our contemporary, in answer to the ques
tion "What is the North lighting for?" holds the
following language :
" The Southern masse* have been made to believe that
tie North haa been fighting to destroy slavery, to overthrow
State rights, and to subjugate and degiade Southern whites.
All this is false. The North, though it may destroy slav
ery in waging war, docs not wage war to destroy slavery.
There is nothing about slavery that would prevent the
North from making peace to-morrow if it could. It is
quite willing to leave the whole disposal of that subject to
future peaceful and constitutional action. In no form or
degree is the adherence of tbe South to slavery a part of
?>ur (ttsun belli.
" Nor do we fight to overthrow 8tate right#. The North
>* still for maintaining to the last iota every right reserved
to tbe States by the Constitution. We want no consoli
dated Government, and would tolerate none. So far as
respecta veritable Constitutional Sta'e rights we make no
quarrel with the South
" Nor do we fight to subdue or degrade the Southern people.
We want them as our fellow-citizens, not as our subjects
We would share equally with tbem every constitutional
right and privilege. We ask nothing inconsistent with
honor or with interest?nothing but what their fathers aud
our fathers deemed their greatest advantage and their
highest glory.
" Tbe North is fighting purely aud simply to save the
unity of the nation. It has an absolute assurance that this
unity ia indispensable to tbe continuance of free and good
government on this continent?that without it there will
be ceaseless coi tl ct, which will be forev:r rxhauatirg the
treasure and draining the blond of both regions until til
ends in chaos It is sometimes said that we are fighting
for the supremacy of the Constitution. But the supre
inacy of the Constitution is not an ultimate end. iLdeed,
the Constitution is no end at all, bnt limply an instrument
for aeciring the end, which end is the perpetuation of the
Bepublio Our only object is to keep the cation unbroken.
Tbat object secured tbere ia no domestic controversy,
whether relating to the Conatitution or not, which may not
be peacefully settled. Tbat object abandoned, strife must
reign till all goes down in ruin."
The Times also has an answer to the question,
"What is the South fighting for?" It says that
there is a prevalent opinion in the North that the
Southern people are fighting for slavery, but this
opinion, it thinks, is erroneous " Though a pas
sion for slavery was the immediate occasion of the
war, it does not now sustain the war." It adds :
" The Sonth would buy triumph to-morrow, if it could,
by a complete sacrifice of slavery. It would not now
yield though it could take ' a bond of fate' that by yield
ing it oould rave slavery What Jeff Davis told Col
Jacques in his confidential interview is perfectly true ?
that slavery had now nothing to do with tbe war. and tbat
the only question now involved is tbe question of Southern
independence; that is to say, the independenre of the
? Confederacy.' Mr. Ale kinder IT. Stephens, in his let
ter, which we published yesterday, treats ' the ultimate
absolute sovereignty of tbe several States' as the real
issue. So don* Mr. Hilliard. He says that ' tiie great
object which the South seeks to accomplish is to establish
the right of each State to decide independently its own
political system, and to determine for itself the relations
which it will hold wi b other States.' Mr. Bnyce says in
his speech that ' independence and sovereignty of the
States is the great principle, without which we could not
carry on the war.' hvou Mr. Leach, of North Carolina,
whote resolutions to the rebel Congress we publish this
morning, and who is by far the most advanced peace man
in Southern public life, talks of a peace agreed to by
4 commissioners appointed by the respective Govern
mnnts,' which wlil it elude, at lea?t in tbe first stage, a
recognition of Confederate independence, 'or by tbe States
acting in their torrrtigv and mdrprntlmi character.'
Tbere reems, then, to be a substantial agreement, both by
Jeff. Davis and his opponents of every shade, that the sole
object of the South is to vindicate and forever establish
State independence and sovereignty. It is precise y that
for which the South is fighting?eiactly tbe converse of
this national principle fir whicb tbe North is fighting."
It will thus be seen that these views exclude
the status of slaveiy from the ultimate issues of
either party to the present war. The North, says
the Times, "is not fighting to destroy slavery,"
and the South is not fighting to preserve slavery,
as there is no doubt that "it would buy triumph
to-morrow, if it eculd, by a complete sacrifice of
ilavery." If theso views aro just, what a commcn
tary they offer on the delusions chcrishcd by two
classes of zealots, one at the South and the other
at the North ! The zealots of slavery at the South
preoipitated the issue of disunion in the hope of
building a Republic based on the corner-stone of
domestic servitude. To-day they would sacrifice
slavery to .win their political independence. The
aoti-slavery 7ealots at the North have steadily in
flated that if ?la?CTy could be destroyed the Union
would restore itself, bs the only element of division
between the North and the South would bp elimi
nated, and the hearts of the people in both seotions
Would flow together like kindred drops of water.
The drift of events has sufficiently showed the fa],
laoy of suoh hopes. After slavery shall have ocas
ed to be an issue between the National Government
and the insurgents the antagonistic principles of se
cession and of national unity confront each ofher
Bone the lean The strength expended on a "side
issue" will be only so much strength lest to the
great paramount issue which will still remain un
The Klectors of President and Vice President
are required by law to meet in the capitols of
their respective States on WsdnesJay next, and
cut their votes.
Tt is a matter of just regret that at thin late day
in the history of the Republic any question should
arise with regard to the legitimate place and func
tion of an Vopposition party" under our Govern
ment. This regret is equally just whether the
question springs frosi a disposition on the part of
those in power to deny the right of making a loyal
opposition to measures of administration, 01
whether it springs from an abuse of that right by
tbe party in the minority. We are gratified to
observe that the New York Times, which is a
representative paper of the Administration, in
making some general observations on the funoiions
of <( an opposition party," argues strongly in favor i
of th(^ necessity of such an organization. It siys: j
" We think an opposition is almost at necessary in a con
stitutional State as an Administration, and tbe fault we
have found with the Democrats was, not tbat they consti
tuted an opposition, but that their opposition was of the
kind it was. We do not believe that as long as human
natnre remains what it is any body of meu oan be safely
entrusted with power, and at the same time ahielded from
all oritieism upon their manner of iming it. Liberty can
not be preserved, nor economy or efficiency secured, with
out tbe exercise of a somewhat suspicious vigilance on the
part of some portion of the public. It was not, therefore,
merely because they found fault, that the Democrats
brought themselves to ruin and confusion, but because
they did nothing else but find fault; not because they were
in opposition, but because they opposed every thing the
Government did or proposed to do?good, bad, end indif
ferent. Opposition of this kind is what is termed factious,
and when carried on in time of war inures to the benefit,
not of the country, but of the public enemy. ? * ?
" If they will give up these vagaries now, give up the vio
lence of language with which tkeydisgraced themselves and
the country, and confine themselves to honest and calm
criticism of the conduct of tbe Government, while fairly
recognising the war as lawful and necessary, they will cod
stitute a real opposition whose services to th* country
may be very valuable. But, to secure any influence, they
must first satisfy the publio that they really seek the same
patriotic ends that we do, though by different means,
'i hat is tie characterise of a constitutional opposition ;
the characteristic of a factii u is that it tries to defeat the
ends by every moans whatever, even the destruction of the
Government itself."
And the New York Evening Post, which treats
of the same subject, urges the opposition to speak
out fearlessly and honestly. It says :
" The Ameiicau people understand very well thai a tem
perate and vigilant opposition is necessary to secure vigor
and purity to popular Government. We are engaged in a
great civil war, and it ia every citizen's duty to tuke some
part in public affairs "
It will be seen that these are just and sensible
views with regard to the duties of patriotic and
independent oitizens who love their country more
than they love any man or set of men, whether in
office oj out of office. On this subject wc are sure
that all our readers will concur with the following
judicious observations of the New York Commer
cial Advertiser in treating this same topic. It
says: *
" While it ia desirable and even essential that an opposi
tion parly should exist, it is very unfortunate that so much
of the legitimate criticism of the Administration and Con
gress should be imputed to mere faction, and that the gross
and unseemly epithets of a political oanvass should be flung
at those who have go< d grounds of hostility to certain
legislative and administrative acts, and who aie solicitous
that the Government shall act in aocordance with right,
and in barmony with the principles which can alone give
true strength and glory to a nation.
" It is worth nothing that the nrominent organs of the
Administration in this city have been prompt to condemn
arbitrary acts of the civil or military authorities, and that
vain, useless, or mad legislation which has been too com
mon in Congress. The party papers here have in many
instances risen above party, rebuking the abuses of those
in power, and defining with clearness and foVce the limita
tions of Executive power and the range of persoBal lib-rty
which belongs to the citizen in the stormy days in which
we live. The arrest and punishment of Vallandighain, tbe
arbitrary disposition of C< ngrers toward Alexander 11.
Long for words spoken in debate, the Ar^uelles case, the
proceedings against certain newspapers, have received as
bold and earnest denunciation in the Republican pre** as in
tbe Democratic. The diffarence in tbe temper of the
treatment has been marked, however?tbe latter often
transcending the limits of authorised or necessary criticism,
and beooming simply ' factious.' They have also pushed
(he argument and distorted tbe Wets to an extremity tole
rated only in the heat of a warm election canvass. On the
other hand, in tbe same beated canvas*, the Republican
press have overlooked outrages similar to those they have
formerly rebuked, and have seen tbe feable glimmer of a
single Democratic journal extinguished m Maryland, end
the voters ot Tennessee forced to a test which no true man
could take|without a w<>rd of remonstrance.
" These are the peculiarities of our party conduct, and
exhibit the dishonesty of partisan action most completely.
They show that party edherents will apologize for party
when party most needs it, and they indicate the futility of
an opposition only existing within the ranks of a party,and
the necessity of a really live opposition from without. They
prove also the paramount value of justice and honesty on
all sides, and the desirableness of public discussions, mark
ed by good temper, and a sound judgment, and animated
by a vital principle. The methods adopted io these discus
sions have shown that words of abuse and terms of con
tuinely rise easily to the lips, flow glibly from the pen, an4
take the place of argument. Many men are more moved
by tbe dread of an unpopular epithet than by tbe convic
tions that press upon tbem when they calmly estimate the
motive and results of political action, which they in their
hearts deprecate, and in which alas' with their tongues
they acquiesce."
I f it ia the duty of an opposition party to wage
no factious warfare against the Administration, it
is equally the duty of such an opposition to abstain
from the " cold obstraction " of a sullen and inert
neutrality. And if such political iudiffercntism
is at all times unsoemly in a Republic, it bccomcs
hardly less than treason when great issues aro at
stake, calling for the vigilant activity and the hon
est counsel of all true patriots, who should hold
themselves ever ready to give a reason for the
faith that is in them, and to labor for the success
of those views and policies which they believe to
bo identified with the welfare or safety of the
country. We give in another part of our paper
to-day a letter from a well-known oitizen of Illi
nois, who belongs to the "opposition," but who
none the less recognises the fact that such an oppo
sition has a positive duty to perform in the present
crisis, and who contributes a practical suggestion
in the hope that it may be fruitful of beuefiocnt
consequences to tbe whole country. The prcaent
is surely no time to stand upon mere questions of
form, or of political denomination, when all who
love their country arc equally interested in the
restoration of unity, peace, and prosperity to our
distraoted and sufforing land.
I he Memphis Argus reports that tbe State Government
oI Arkansas is in an unsatisfactory condition. No quorum
of the Legislature can be got together, aod there is a very
strong feeling among many of tbe prominent loyal men of
the State for a remodelling of tbe whole machinery of tbe
State Oovernmeut, just as soon as a fair expression ot
opinion can be bad, which will be when the rebel forces
and bnibwhackers aro driven out of tbe State.
The New York Times, of the 1st instant, in
some judbious reflections on the only issue and
the only solution of the war, takes oooaiion to say :
"We can tell the South, fa all sincerity, that the
Northern people will carry this war to any extremity
rather than lit the nationality be broken. This it the unal
terable determination of nint-tenths of the. Northern people,
whether supporters or opponents of Pfrrident l.incoln't
It is in the presence of snch statements, made
after the Presidential electron, that we can mea
sure the wicked injustice of those representations
by which, be/ore the late eleotion, it was common
for the Republican press ta chargo the supporters
lof Gen. McClellan with disloyalty to tho cause of
the Union. The admission of the Times carries
with it the corollary that tho real issues of the
late oanvais were hidden from the people by par
tisan calumny and misrepresentation.
We are glad to observe that our intelligent con
temporary in New York city, the Evening Post,
has discovered that if any kind of paragraph in a
newspaper is of less consequence and deserves less
attention than all others, it is that which gives
shape to the gossip of the hotels and ante-rooms of
Washington for the benefit of the New York prefs.
As examples of such paragraphs during the last
few days, the Post gives tho following compilation :
" There ii trouble in the Cabinet; Mr. Stanton is going
out; it is all a lie, there i* no trouble in the Cabinet; Mr.
8tauton ia not going out, but Mr. Uaher it; Mr. Lincolu is
going to issue a proclamation ; no, Mr. Lincoln is not go
ing to issue a proclamation ; Bobert J. Walker ia to suc
ceed Mr. Fesaeuden in the Treasury ; it'a all fixed, but
Walker'a consent is waited for ; there is a quarrel between
Mr. Seward and Mr. Welles ; Mr. Lewis is to succeed Mr.
Usher; Mr. Lincoln ia not going to have any more 'old
war horses' in the Cabinet, and, this bars out Mr. Walker;
the Secretary of the Treasury has a twenty inch gun point
ed at the gold apeculatora and means to play . . .at nine
pins with them; Geo. Butler is to be Secretary of War;
Qovernor Boutwell is coming into the Treasury ; Banks is
to go to Louisiana again; it is believed in h'gh official cir
cles that Charleston was taken yesterday ;? important reve
lations may be expected in a ifew hours ; a foreign loan is
on foot; peace commissioners are to be sent to Rich
mond ; Mr. Fox knew what he was about when he se
lected Lj^ut. Cushing to command the Torpedo, and be
was the real sinker of the Albemarle?which ??the Con
federacy is at it* last g&sp; the Secretary of the Treaaury
does cot contemplate a foreign loan; he is not about to in
terfere with the gold speculations; and the Dutch Gap
canal is uearly completed."
Tho editors of the Post add that they " have fre
quently observed, while in Washington, the lack
of news of every description?the total absence of
sourccs of intelligence of all kinds. Every body
there waits for the morning papers from New
York, and tho hour when they are expected is one
of cxoiteme&t and uneasy wandering about. The
mail is opened, and it is then known what took
plaoo in Wtahiogton up to two o'olook of the morn
ing paat."
There is undoubtedly a "great lack" in Wash
ington of such "news" as is habitually telegraphed
to New York for the consumption of that city.
But tho people of Washington do not " wait for the
New York papers" ftin tbe expectation of learning
from them what took place in our city down to a
certain hour, for they have long ago learned to put
as little confidence as the Post in the gossip of
most of the Washington correspondents.
The British Government ban juit issued, through tbe
medium of the Canada Gaiette, tbe following order hav
ing reference to interoatioaal relation*:
" Whereat the Governor in Council has deemed it ei
pedient that the e xportation, and alto the carrying eoaat
wise, or by inland naviga'ion, of anna, ammunition or
gunpowder, and military aod naval (tores, and any articles
manufactured for tbe purpose of forming part of any kind
of description of arms, or lor tbe purpose of mounting the
same, from our Province of Canada bn prohibited :
" Now, therefore, know ye that we do, by and with the
advice and eonreut of our Executive Couneil, and by this
our royal proelamation, prohibit tbe exportation from our
Province of Canada or tbe carrying of coastwise or by
inland navigation, in auy manner or way whatever, of
arms, ammunition or guupowder, or military or naval
stores, or any articles manufactured for the purpose of
forming part of any kind or description of arms, or for
the purpose of mounting the same Of all which our lov
ing subjects are to take iffttice, and govern themselves ac
A Quebec paper, speaking in the ioterest of tbe Gov
ernment, says it has taken this course from information in
its possession that Southerners and their sympathizer*,
iu certain Western towns, " are manufactnring and clan
destinely collecting, at convenient piinta, shot, shell, and
cannon '
The Journal of Commerce states that during the first
eleven months of 185!) tbe imports of [dry goods at New
York amounted to upwards of one hundred and tour mil
lion dollars; in the same period ol 1860 to over ninety-six
millions; in the same months of 1861 they dropped down to
to less tban forty-two millions, the succeeding three years
are given in the annexed tables. These are all gold va
lues, and include only the foreign cost, without freight or
duty. If we add these in gold, we shall have the oost to
our market, in currency, of the current year's import of
dry goods, amounting to considerably over two hundred
million dollars.
Imports of Foreign Dry Hood* at New York for Eltvin
M.mths from January I.
1862. 1863. J 864.
Manufactory wool 120,825,152 *21,127,341 ? $10,679,687
D.. cotton- 0,2*8,990 4,T>7,M.1 6^96,300
Do. ?llk 9,706,8 y> 11,437.841 10.H0V.V34
Do flax 0,025,762 f,.?30,04<* 0,710,696
dry gooda 2,145,0?7 ?J.SSO.Sftl 2.0#8,191
Total antfpad lor continuation 4J,045,320 40,843,6ft: 42,29P,7u7
1862. 1863. 1804.
MaanlW. him ..f wool $4,306,922 $6,07fl,0t>:s $11,773,.':!
Do cotton 2,813,191 1,726,367 2,fi<W,SS6
Do. (Ilk 2,007,283 2,047,000 4,f.fl0,882
Dm. fl?? 1 ,f.W.,(>'Kl 2.304,74! 8,490,603
MlactlUnaotta dry gooda 718,880 442,340 848,880
Tot?J withdrawn frum wan'houaa 12,095,83V 12,797,100 28,47*1,101!
Add ?ntvred for conmmptlon 46,046,82a 48,843,403 42,29V,707
Total tflr.'wn on tb? market .. 67,141,106 69,010,072 05,776,810 |
1862. 1863 1804.
Manufccturea of wool $3^61,023 $?,271,390 $14,272,906
Do cotton 1,006,700 2 376,806 2,9f.H,'?:40
Do (Ilk 1.801,044 3,062,100 6,04?,lil
Do. flax 814,686 2,834,786 4,320.404
tilt, rllaut'iua dry fooda >76,004 516,907 1,114,712
Total sntsrsd tor waraliouaa 7,0OV,49? 15.069.043 27,731,478
Add ?nt?r*d for cooramptlou ....46,045,820 40,848,603 42,2W,707
ToUl'aot?r?d at tli* port -62,054,822 01,903,600 70,081,1^
A man convicted ot garreting was sentenced ou Fridny
at New York to imprisonment for twenty years An uu
usual Qumbar of cases of this crime have been reported
I'nm tii. Cumberland Telegraph.
O.i Monday laat, about 11 o'clock A M . ILieo Of lour
hundred rebel cavalry, <u estimated by some peraoua who
yaw tin ui, belonging to the difl'<?rent bands that have to
ofteu been infesting tbia looality, suddenly appeared at
New Cretk, and: having completely surprised the garrison
?tationed th*?re. captured it almost without reautauoe. Ia
faot, it i?said the fort was taken and the guns turned upou
oar men before they realised their situation. Oar troops
there, being portions of the Fiflk and Sixth West Virginia
Beg mei.ts, &nd numbering three hundred ujen, were all cap
tured,oxcept what few may hi?<e escaped to the mountains.
T{ie extensive Government buildings used for quarter
master and commissary purpose* wer?> all destroyed with
their contents that o?uilJ not ba carried away. A large
number of hora a and cattla were ttlao captured. Tbe
whole lost to the Government is Estimated at ft very large
amount If the facts be true ai we have heard, this ha*
been one (.f tbe moat inexcuaable blunders of the war. It
was a complete turprire in broad daylight, and that too
with h knowledge of tbe fact that an enemy was nenr.
We do notkeow where the blame attaches, if there beany,
but we do hope thut the proper authorities will takq the
matter in hand and fully investigate it, and punish the
guilty parties, whoever they may be.
The New York Evening Post of Thursday aa\ a : " The
military authorities Mid the police are acting together for
tbe detection of tbe persona concerned in the plot to fire
this city, snd are doing all that lies in their power to unravel
tbe myatery. A Military Commission ia now ia session,
taking testimony ia regard to the plot; but as it would
defeat tbe purpose iu view to make known any thing con
nected with the proceedings of that body, information is
withheld. There is no doubt now that the persons con
cerned in tbe plot here were of the same class as tbe De
troit and St. Albans raiders; and that, as in those cases,
they dispersed and returned to their asylum iu Canada the
moment they thought they had accomplished their work.
There is strong reason to believe that some of them will be
detected, and made to pay the penalty of their crimes Our
information is derived from the best sources. All persons
from the insurgent States, whether they have been here
ainse the commencement of the rebellion, or now arriving,
are required to report and register their names. The
number of tbeee persons who are enemies bm been much
overstated, as many who are here are from Kentucky and
Missouri, which are not States in rebellion."
The oveiland emigration duriug the past season :a (aid
to have exceeded one hundred and fifty thousand eou^s. It
ia difficult to trace the destination of thsae vast migratory
multitudes, but undoubtedly they send tributary detach
menta to Montano, Idaho, Colorado, Nevada, Oregon, and
California. So far as we discern, the main body prefer
Colorado, Nevada, and California. The moat surprising
and unusual thing oonnecUd with this vast migratory move
ment is that it still continued up to tbe latest dates. As
illustrative of tbU we quote the subjoined from a letter to
the Chicago Tribune, dated November 1-llh :
" The amount of travel westward, and the rapidity with
which our new Territories are being peopled, can scarcely
be conceived of by those who tre dwelling quietly at home
I took tbe pain* to oouot the ox t?ami winch we met on
the road in one day outward bound. They numbeied by
actual count sixteen huoifred a>id seventy cattle. Thry
wr-re bios'ly loaded wish machinery owned by gold compa
nies in Colorado, though some were gob# further west. I
do oot know whether the traiuc nu t ou the day I counted
them would more or leas than average, but if but cue-hall
the number only should be met every day through the sea
son, all ran see by a simple act of mulliplicatiou that the
census of the rood alone is beyond the reach of ordioary
minds to comprehend its vaatness, and so is scarce worth
the count V 11 am told that there is lying at Atchuon,
Leavenworth, and Kansas City more macLi.iery than can
be freighted out th s season by all the menu* within
reach. Wagon masters are < flVring from $100 to $145
per month to the drivers of ox-teams, and yet cannot get
By the rapid ex'eusion westward of tbe settlements io
Kansas aod Nebraska, together with the progress eastward
of the settlements in Colorado, a? well as tbe establish
meat of numerous stations and ranches along tbe emigrant
trail, tb- journey is shorn of its f rmer terrors.
f Phi'adtlp\ia aw
McCoNNELsm'RQ, (Pa.) Dtc. 3.?A G*ht ocourred at
Timber ttidge, yesterday, between a portion of compary
F, of the 'Oist Pennsylvania Mounted Infantry, aad some
delinquent conscript* and deserters, congregated at a
shooting match. Tbe soldiers having advanced, Provost
Marshal hftupt went forward to holJ a parley with the
eonscrpK They refused to listen to bim, and immedi
ately commenced to lire shots, none of which took effect
The soldiers then opened fire, when a general fight ensued,
lasting f?r about an hour. The consctipti and deserters
were finally driven over two hills, skirmishirg being kept
up tbe whole way The lighting was carried on prinei
pally in the woods. Tbe casualties were slight. The con
scripts lost one mao killed and two w< uoded. One wounded
man was explored ; tbe remainder, being familiar with the
o untry made good their escape into tbe mouata.us. None
of our men were injured. More affairs of this kind may
b; speedily looked for, as it is determined to brirg these
outlaws to justice.
destructive fire in baton rouge
CorreSjtonHtnre of Iht Nr.u> Orleans Picayune.
Baton Ro?ue, Nov cm her S".
A most devastating fire took place last n:ght (l'uesdoy)
about 11 o'clock. During Qen, Lee's late rai l into Mis
sissippi a Urge number of contrabands returned with the
expedition, and quarters were forthwith prepared for them,
in tbe east wing of tbe Peniteutiary. Tbat portion of the
building consists of three stories, tbo second story being
laid with a thin layer of cement, supported by wooden
beams, and under the floor upon th.? cement these contra
bands, contrary to orJers, made a large Are, wbi h ignited
tbe timbers below, and bence its destruction spread. The
building was formerly used as a eottoo manufactory, and
evih floor measured one hundred and eighty by forty-six
feet The timbers were completely saturated with oil and
grease, which added intensity to the fire Ou the ground
fl <>r of the building were the quartermaster's mules ai J
horses, (about two hundred in all,) together with seventy
five full sets of harness. Only one narrow doorway led
' thereto. All attempts to gat these animals out proved
fruitless ; consequently all became a prey to tbe devouring
element. Loss The centre wing was saved,
although the flames had obtained considerable advantage.
Lieut, tiilleite and Capt Bradley, division quartermaster,
succeeded in relieving over four hundred mules and horses
out of the buildings; three hundred of them have already
been retaken, and it is expected tbe remainder have not
strayed far, and will be eventually recovered.
Tbe record* of the court* martial in tbe cum of forty
eight military officer* are officially promulgated. Ttie*e
include two lieutenant colonel*; three m?jor*, fifteen cap
taiu*. eighteen first lieutenant*, and eight *eoond lieuten
ant*. They had committed various offence*, aucb a* ma
king fal*e return*, dwobedienoe of order*, fraudulently re
oelving money, mi*beha?ior before tbe enrrny, gambling
and drinking with collated uien, Ac Fifteen were cod
*icted of drunkeune**. Nearly all tbe*e officer* were di*
miated tbe lerr.oe.
Hilton Head, (8. C.) November 30,1604.
For come daya, by order of the military authorities at
thi? point, the publication of newspapers ha* been prohi
bited, iu view of an expedition which was orgauixing for
operation* ia the interior.
Yeaterday morning at three o'clock Mojor G*n. J. O.
Foater, commanding the Department of the South, sailed
from Port Royal aud proceeded up Broad river to Boyd's
Poiut, five miles below Pocotaligo bridge. Upon his ar
rival there the General ordered the disembarkation of
hia forces ami succeeded iu ejecting ulandiug without op
After tending t>ad lormiog h>* column the General or
dered the troops to advance. Geo J. P Hatch, with hia
command, led the an, and Geu. Potter brought up the
rear with hia rwserve corps. The column had moved but
a short distance when the advance detachment encountered
seven rebel pickets, and, after some auceeasful marceuver
ing and a spirited charge, captured the entire number
The latest information received here from the scene of
operation* is to the effect that Gen. I'Yster made an im
mediate attack on Pocotaligu bridge, and after a sharp
fight succeeded iu captunug it, obliging the garrison to
evacuate summarily and hastily. By the capture of the
bridge large quantities of cotton fell into the hands of our
forcea. For the want of sufficient transportation the cot
ton is being destroyed.
Two former attempts have been made upon this posi
tion, but so persistent was the opposition of the enemy that
both vrere abandoned. In the preseut instance Gm. Fos
ter has succeeded in its capture without the loaa of a single
man. It is generally supposed that the enemy ia ex
tremely weak along the coast, having considerably lessened
the strength of his parrisons in order to concentrate a force
against bhertnan.
From the Richmond Enquirer of November 26th.
On Thursday last a serious attempt was made by the
Federal prisoners confined at Salisbury (N. C.) to m?ko
their eacspe, which whs rapidly and effectually quelled at
the expense of ocaiderable Yankee blood. It appears
th*t a p!-it had been formed among tho prisoners, of whom
there are at Salisbury rouje thirteen thousand, to over
power the interior guard of the encampment, then break
through the line of the parapet guard, and, after securing
all the arms they could, to march through Western North
Carolina into Tennessee, and make good their escape. In
the first part of tbeir programme they succeeded. The
iuterior guards-were soon overpowered, and two of the
unfortunate men were killed while resisting. T^ey then
attacked the parapet guard, who fought bravely against
the terrible odds, until the alarm had been fully comuiu1-'
uicated to the garrison, and two pieces of artillery were
thrown into position bearing upon the encampment. Two
of the parapet guard were killed in their gallant defence.
Iu good time the artillery opened, and, after a few raking
discharges of grtpe aud can.ster, the insurrectionists cried
out for mercy, aud declared that Ihey would make no fur
ther effort to get away By this time they were com
pletely surrounded with artillery and infantry, and it is
well for them that ihey cessod their demonstration and
su.'d for mercy. In ten minutes more the whole camp
would have been one scene of sltugtater. As it was, about
forty were killed, and a large number woucded. Tb?n a
vary foolish attempt to escaps from Confederate durance
has ended. It will prove, no doubt, a lesson to prisoners
in the South. But fur.the coolness, and, it may be added,
the consideration) of the t fficers commanding the garrison,
the p'lnisf mc*ut i A cted upon these misguiied captives
would have bceu far more serious, if indeed it had not
amounted to the annihilation of the entire bo4y.
On the 8tli of N'tvt inter tbe ITcioo, Western, Commerce,
Ch ?? tp.'.iko, ?nJ Mechanics' Banks of Baltimore were vic
tim i d to tbt (mount of over $60,000, by means of forged
checks, in sums varying from $4,000 to $7,000. The checks
on which there sums were drawn purported to have been
signed by Btynes Brothers, Cox dr. Co, Lawrinson *
Smith, Juhqson Brothers, aud other of the leading brokers
and bankers of that city The signatures were in many
cmos so well executed that the peiaons whose names were
u*ed were forced to refer to iL? cbeck-books to detect the
difference. For someday^ prior to tbj date aboie men
tioned the persons who forged the checks transacted bu*i
aesu with the ftius indicated above by selling g ?ld aud
^ unenrrent funds, and in this manner obtained checks from
I which the signatures were copied. Several of ti e offenders
I have been arrested io New Yoik and Baltimore, and it is
believed that they are the same party who not long sioce
perpetrated a series oi f..rperies on the Ph;l ide!pb;a banks
lion. JaMifl Speed, h distinguished lawyer of
Kentucky, has been appointed by the President
Attorney General if the United Stateo, to till the
vacancy occasioned by the resignation of Judpe
When tli? mg&atiou ill Attorney General Bates took
effect the position wm ofl. red to Judge Advocate Geoeral
HoLT, of Kentucky That gentleman tendered the Presi
dent bit thanks for this expression of bis oonfiJence. but
felt obliged t<> dec.ine tbe office. Hi publican
Tie l<?ll >wir.g ii a very useful table nt this moment, pub
lished by the Metropolitan Insurance Compnuy, N%?w York.
It shows at a glauee how much currency tuny b?* bad for
a certain amount of gold, and rice-ttrta :
s i
? ;
'< 1
105 no
110 (X)
115 1*1
ISO 0>
125 00
13'1 00
135 OU
140 00
14.'? 00
I flit 00
14 '. 00
100 00;
lGft 90
1J0 I?I
IT.'. 00
180 00
lis 00
190 00
2W 00
?-'00 00
106 uo
M t
? I.?
is; ua
in ?7
23. us
2ft 93
47 .."->7
60 .1,0
p.T ???nt
per cent
per cent
per cent
per cent
per cent
per cent
per Sent
per cent
per cent
per cent
per cent
per cent
per rent
per ent
per rent
per cant
per cant
per cent
p?r .-ent
per cent
$D5 23
?H1 t?l
S?'? l)$
(.J 33
so nO
TO 92
T4 07
71 42
08 96
<W IK,
t-4 61
M 54)
tio 11
6H 82
6T 1)
64 Oft
62 M
.'?1 28
?o 00
48 78
^ 1
3 s
5 p cs
0 ? 0
T ? 5
5 q
? i
2in 00
215 00
220 Of
?21:, 00
230 00
244 00
*10 00
271) bo
2*1 00
2?0 00
>K) Oo
400 00
?)0 00
700 00
?t;<) 00
WI"J 00
1.000 00
6,000 to
lo.ooo 00
64 66
?l 64
83 34
86 Tl
?nS SU
par coat
per oent
per cent
per cent
per cant
per cent
per cent
per cent
l*>r cant
per cent
per uaut
per cent
l?er c>-nt
per ?nt
per cent
per ent
per cant
per ceBt
per cant
per cent
per cent
$47 02
4rt ;,1
46 4 .-.
14 41
43 18
41 07
40 oO
38 43
87 ?4
86 71
34 4*
33 as
to 00
20 00
it) oo
14 29
12 69
11 U
10 00
2 00
I 00
A delegation from Kentucky, oonaiatiog of Mniri. Geo
H. Yeaman, W. P. D. Bush, and Cola. Alfred Allen and
C. D. Penny baker, have been hero for aome daya for tbe
purpose of obtaining an order to atop the draft in Km
tuoky. Tbe reauli of their laat conference ou Saturday
with the President, the Secretary of War, nod tie Profdt
Marthal General was successful, and an order was :??ued
?topping further drafting in that Bute.
NU| (ieu. Bto BCfaii. tbe brilliant cavalry InadiT, lias
bt*en appointed to tbe ro?>iuand of tbe Htate ol Kentucky,
vice Huibritfte, sui>er?eded. Geu. Htonemau is tta officer
and gentleman and will be found ?H|iial to bis truat
1 Memphis Dtmocrat. 29tU Sovtmbtr
m ?
Tho New Yoik Times very opportunely argues
that one of the mos. argent dntits of Congrtss is
retrenchment For tho first thro-/" ^ears of tho
war, it says, the nation has conducted tho struggle
on the principle of immense outlays of money and
nan to accomplish great results speedily. Tho
following views ,ieem to differ somewhat from those
of the President in his message Th?; Times says :
" We are spending at a frifjhtin^ rate. Our taxts ar?i
stretched almost to the eitremity. The ({old bearing loans
will soon come to ?a end from the limit tixeJ by the goid
returned ij duties New loans will be placed and readily
taken, but they caunot meet probably otie-balf of oar umIj
expenditure. Production itself? i.h? erasure of our
wealth?in already fat ling the effect of the Iocs of lahor
and hat diminished in the most important cereals about
seven per rent, during the last year, iuatead of increaa.i jj,
an we hud hoped it would do. It is true that; ih.* uiost re
markable and fortunate developwont of our mineral r*
sources during the last three yearn, in the produce <; -s
mine* of Colorado and Ni-vada, auJ the stiJden discover)
of petroleum in immense quantities, Rive ui much hops
for the future. Still we are upending on a gigantic scalr
There is a limit even to the power of this uat;ou io baci
iog a public debt. It should always be borne in mind that
national bankruptcy in among the things possible. Of the
crusbiog oi the rebellion there can bet n? doubt, but it
may be gained thiough the destruction of Ihe pub! c ere.tit
Bankruptcy in the Freo States would bo u calnuity ot
which in all the material evils of this war wo li:un n.im
yet experienced even the resemblance."
Corrtiponilenre oj (tie Baltimore Avtrrieau.
Annapoi.ih, December u
1 be steamer General Lyon, of the exchange fleet, from
Savannah river on Friday latt, arrived here th:n afternoon,
with seven hundred and forty paroled Union prisoner*.
When she If ft Savannah river it wan reported that Ueu
Sherman's scouts were within four miles of the city En ei y
person capable of bearing arms win in the trenches, an.I
guns had been placed in the Lands of the wounded in the*
ci'y to fire on the " Yankees" as they marched through
tbo streets. The exchange of prisoners had been stopped,
as Sherman's army had entirely surrounded Savduuab, and
cut all tde railroads lesdiift into it.
Tht) Savannah papers of the '26th ari l ^-;kh ultimo con
tain orders from Gen. Hardeo and the State enrolling offi
cers for all citizens and soldiers to report by Wednesday,
the '.JOtb ultimo, for the defence of the city, under the pen
alty of arrest lor refusing to do ao.
The Savannah News of the ?J-uh ban a long article on
the "extraordinary proclamation of Gen. A. R. Wright,
who claims to bo ei-officio Governor of the State of Geor
gia." It pronounces the proclamation a " remarkable docu
ment," and says it is " without necessity, precedent, or jus
tification, is unwarrantable and unlawful, and an assump
tion unparalleled.1 It doubts whether Mr. Wright is in
his righi mind, and concludes by stating that Gov. Brown
is expected in Savannah on Monday or Tuesday, fioni
whence he is to proceed to Augusta, and the Mex-offieio
will th^n learn tbe extent of his disability." As Milieu
whs etplured on the tiSKh ultimo (Tuesday) it is not likely
that the Governor visited Savanuah, and the question uf
th? " Government" of Georgia must still rerj:aia a ip< sti< n
for th* arbitrament of Gen. Sherman.
Our eontemp;>rartea publish the ain^x^d de
spatches of Geu. Leo, obtained rum I .te Kichtno nl j >ur
nils :
Headquarters Army Northern Virginia,
Deccmbtr 2, 1H04,
Hon. J. A Skdiios: The enemy attacked Styny Creek
depot yesterday and burned most of the buildings. con*ui?
ing some stores and Oorn, but most of the latter wa- t*ved
The railroad is unharmed.
Gen Lee, coming up as theecemy was retiring, attacked
and drove him rap:diy eight miles, capturing some pnaoaers,
but could not bring bim to an eng -gemeat
The depot wn occupied by ab ut on? hundred ;wd tifly
men, under Capt. Waldoam, about one hundred a id twenty
live uf whom are^aaid tu have been capture? am iig ttieui,
1 regret to stste, Mejor Fitchugb, q jartermaster
The enemy Ieit some dead at tu- d pot and a'">ng tbe
route of hia retreat. K. E. LES.
Dtcunbir '2. IS64
Geu. Early reporfa that Gen. Rosser, w tb ? ayoe's en t
his own brigade, encountered on the 27th ultimo, u<*ar
Moorcfield?a small parly oftbe enemy, ani captured forty
prisoners ard one piece of artillery.
On the SJ8;b te surprised and cap umd Fort Kel'v. at
New Creek, with f.<ur field-piece*, four iarg< guus, be
tween seveu an J eight hundred p u.cirrs," a Uigu uunb r
? ?I horses and >? ules, and eight standi uf onlir* and de
stroyed two hundred wagons aud a quantity nf c uim ?sm y
and tftdui! ce stores. He brought < tf (be field pieo s and
Home wagons, sp.ked ib-aieg* guns and destroyed tbe car
riages Me ai*o captured Piedor'U?, desroved all the
Government buildings, burned several bridges, d d e >u?
eiderabic damage to the railroad, aud Oeltect d aeVoral
hundred h-il < f cat'le. His lo*s wa - two kulrd aud t vo
or three woundr-d TLe btddoeea a d energy exhibited by
Qeu HosBt-r aud tbe conduct n| h.a icei deserve lauik
praise It. L. LtE.
Fok'i resb Munroe, dec 4 ?-Tbo propeller General
Lyon has arrived from the Sa^anc&b river with.743 e*
changed priaonera Theaa men are generally io good cod
dition A aergeant who was with them report Hberuaan a
csvalry within six nilMOf Safa'inth on the 30th ol Novem
ber, &od riy? that four tritiui loaded wi:h rebel adders bad
arrived by tbe Qui! railroad There had been do report ot
d.saater to any part of Sherman ? Corps. Tie aays the rail
road was oilt just after the train on which he came t? Sa
vannah Lad paaaed through. '
Tbu settlement of the account* of the tUieers cooueo ed
with the great Fair lately held io tLe city ol New Turk for
the benefit of the aoljiera abous that it yielded the tttu of
$1,180,000. The Post juatly refers to thia exhibit ' a*
acarcely Iopb honorable to the akill, energy, ani integrity
of the gentlemen by whom ;tj money affect were aia&ngad
tban'it ia to tie charitable character of the metropolian'
A letter from New Orleans, dated November 26, atit.**
that Qen. Can by is rapidly recovering, and ia now able to
attend to hi* official business daily. Uen. Ullman ia ?hiel
in command of all forces at Morgauxia. On the '.' >tb ill
tim.> Acting Lieut Thateher, commanding gunli >t Gm
selle.wat murdered by rebela while ashore <>n th<? H*n?l
below tbe mouth of the Red river.
Tbo police of tbe city of New Y"ifc <"> ki",< *>
suant to orders fruui Qen. Dlx, pi ?d I to Ibe Hotel* ot
that city and arretted about s>xfy persons. t ii tlie ground
that they bad failed to c mp'y w'ltb Qen !)?* * aider ie
ijuiring all persons Who LaJ witL.n the past two jears re
aided in the South, and Who hid not taken the oath of ?*!
legiance.to cali at hi? headquarters and register tbeir aMMa
andaddre?s. Those arrested were taken to the military head
quarters. On Mouday they were extmitieJ, wh> a it waa
found that a moat all of tbem had complied with the regit
tration order. Tbe othera were releaaed oq condition
that tbey would call at Geo. Peck'a headquarter*
without delay and record their namea. The polio*
wre atill buay ou Monday in making more arrette. hut all
who were taken to headquartera wefe discharged ?< ?oou a*
the faot of tbeir regiatration was foand out", or upon tin tr
verbal promiae that thty would have their names put op o
the list as aooii at possible. The Evening Post nays :
"The particular* of the various urn st* are withheld
from the public, the Department deeui.ng it unw.s* t?
publish the names of tbe arretted p.usona at tba present
time. It may be stated, however, that auy persitna ar
retted who are not loyal, or who caauot give a good to
oount of tbemaelvea, will be detained and tried <v? toon aa
apecidoatioo* and charge* can be mad# against tbem. '

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