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Weekly national intelligencer. [volume] (Washington [D.C.]) 1841-1869, December 22, 1864, Image 1

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Weekly National Intelligencer.
The subscription price of thia paper for a year ia Two
Dollars, payable ia advance.
A reduction of 20 per cent, (one-fifth of the full charge
will be made to any one who shall order and pay for, at one
time, ten copies of the Weekly paper ; and a reduction of
2"> per cent, (or one-fourth of the full charge) to any one
wbo willorder and pay for, at oue time, twenty or more
No actounts being kept for this paper, it will not be sent
ti> anyone unless paid for in advance, nor anylongerthan
the time for which it is paid.
Our readers are aware that Mr. Justioe Cour
sal, sitting at Montreal on the case of " the St
Albans raiders," has ordered the release of the
parties accused, on Ihe ground that he hai no juris
diction in the ease under the circumstances in
which it came before him.
It appears that the depredaturs had been arrest
ed on magistrates' warrants issued at the Judge's
own motion, whereas it is contended that the re
vised act of Parliament ruliDg the case, as
one arising between the United States and Great
Britain under the extradition treaty, requires that
the warrant under which tbe prisoners were arrest
ed should be feigned have been the Governor Gene
ral. This formality, it seems, was wanting, and on
this merely technical ground the Judge dismissed
the case, and ordered the release of the parties,
notwithstanding other indictments were pending
against them.
In this ruling the Knglish Judge seems to have
acted on a very narrow aud restricted view of his
duty, as if aiming iather to favor the escape of the
prisoners than to sustain the ends of public jus
tioe. That this is the impression of Gen. Dix,
commanding in the Northeastern Department, is
made sufficiently apparent by his order, under the
date of the 14th instant, directing " all military
' commanders on the frontier, in case further acts
' of depredation and murder are attempted, whe
' ther by marauders or persons acting under com
' missions from the rebel authorities at Richmond,
' to shoot down the perpetrators, if possible, while
( in the commission of their crimes, and if it be
' ncoessary, with a view to their capture, to cross
( the boundary between the United States and Ca
' nadat said commanders are htreby direc ed to
pursue thtm wherever they may tafye refuge, and
if captured they are under no circumstances to
' be surrendered, but arc to be sent to these head
' quarters for trial and punishment by martial
? law."
In like manner, Mr. Chandler has introduced
into the Senate a resolution directing the Commit
tee on Military Affairs in that body to inquire into
the expediency of immediately enlisting an army
corps to watch and defend our territory bordering
on the Lakes and Canadian line from all hostile
demonstrations and incursions. He also introduc
ed an additional resolution requesting the Secre
tary of State to make out a list of each ship and
cargo thus destroyed by the insurgent ships of
war, with a fair and separate valuation thereof,
and interest thereon at the rate of six per cent,
per annum, from the dato of capture or destruction
the *' of presentation, and directing him to
icnir,! f . m the British Government payment in
rull fur ih ships and cargoes destroyod as afore
U . e denied by none that a gross violation
r ? ty was committed by the parties who
hospitality of the territory of Canada
jr th* p1 pose of making a descent on the terri
U (j of the United States. And it seems to us tbat
the < ;n?l l ; of the British judge betrayed some
iuinc; ler exousable than a want of perspicacity in
tho ext "it. on of the extradition treaty. But for
shortcomings of this kind, on the part of the ]
British authorities in Canada, it seems to us that
reparatiou might better be sought at the hands of
fcb* British Government through our Department of
St than to put it in tho power of any com
iBand'M, more or less discreet, to take the law into
hi# own i ads by invading the territory of Canada
for tho purpose cf arresting the depredators. It
be remembered by most of our readers that
when tho United States steamer Adirionda con
tinued the chase of the British vessel, the Herald,
(understood to be engaged in violating our block
ade,) within the line of the marine jurisdiction of
New Providenoe, Mr. Reward characterized the
? oonduct of tho commander of tho Adirionda as
"an inexcusable violation of the law of nations,for
which aoknowledgmcnt and reparation ought to be
promptly made." When our " filibusters" under
Walker,in violation of our laws,fitted out expeditions
against Nicaragua and actually invaded that State,
it is to be presumed that wo should havo resisted
the claim of Nioaragua to pursue and capture her
invaders on our own soil. It is known that Com
modore Paulding incurred the censure of some par
ties in our country for pursuing and arresting such
depredators within ^the jurisdiction of the State
they were wronging.
Tbe New York Journal of Commerce argues, io regard
to tbe American production of gold, tbat we are losing
largely each year from tbe country, and our statistics show
such a result beyond question. 8ince tbe first ?f January1
1863,webave received at New York from California, up to
December 1st, 1964. in tpecie. $29,909,524
8?me time from foreign ports 3,679,275
Aud bave eiporled to foreign ports 64,464,810
Lots at tbe port of New York... $36,865,811
No other port, it Is (stated, shows any gain between im
l ports and exports. In California there is undoubtedly a
small addition to the.lccal circulation, but the bulk of the
production not brought to New York bas been exported
dirtetly from San Francisco to some foreign port The
total exports from San Francisco from January 1st, 1863,
to lateet dates, were $95,326,340. of which only the amount
?here noticed came to New York.
We yesterday reproduced the order in which
Gen. Dix announces that the President of the
United States bad disapproved of that portion of
his rccent General Order whioh instruoted all mili
tary commanders on the Canada frontier, in certain
c sea therein specified, to cross the boundary line
between the two countries in pursuit of insurgent
" raiders" or depredators on our territory. To tbis
announcement Gen. Diz added, that in ease of any
future marauding expedition into our territory
from Canada, military commanders on the frontier
shall report to his headquarters at New York city
! for orders " bejore crossing the boundary line in
punuit of the guilty partus."
The reader who has given an attentive perusal
to what we have written on the subject will be
prepared to understand tjiat we entirely approve
the decision of the President in revoking so much
of the original order of Gen. Dix as was published
in a moment of irritation at the deoision of Judge
Coursol. The military commander at New York,
in the utteranoe of that order, suffered his zeal to
outrun his discretion; for, though it is clear by the
terms of international law that the military autho
rities of a State invaded from neutral territory
are entitled to pursue the marauding party within
the confines of that territory, the right to do so is
one that should ba exercised with the greatest re
serve in point of time and the greatest circumspec
tion in point of manner. And there is a differ
ence which Gen. Dix seems to have overlooked
between the pursuit of an enemy in hot blood
across the boundary line of a neutral territory and
the utterance of an order in hot blood directing
military subordinates to do so whenever the occa
sion seems to call for it. The propriety of *uch a
pursuit depends upon the exigency of the case,
and the consequent ability of the invaded State to
show, in the words of Mr. Webster, " a necessity
of self-defence, instant, overwhelming, leaving no
choice of means, and no moment for deliberation."
But the propriety of such an order could bo jus
tified only by the foresight of marauding invasions,
with a deliberate purposa on the part of the neu
tral country to evade the performance of its neu
tral obligations. The failure of a single Judge in
Canada to do his duty ih the premises was hardly
a sufficient motive for such a sweeping order as
Gen. Dix fulminated on the occasion, and we are
glad that the President has thought proper to re
duce that order within more guarded limits. As was
well observed by the Detroit Free Press, in advance
of the partial revocation of this order by the Pre
sident, Judge Coursol "is an inferior magistrate,
' and, although his acts may be excessively annoy
' ing, although they may in effect trample upon
'justice, and let loose upon our borders men who
< deserve the punishment of death, it is the duty
' of men placed in the high and responsible posi
' tion of Gen. Dix to defer any action which looks
1 like a threat or retaliation until he knows whe
1 ther this inferior magistrate is to be sustained by
' the Government of Canada. It is right and pro
' per for the President, but not Gen. Dix, to take
( prompt and decided ground upon tkese ques
' tions, and to demand immediate action to prevent
' these raids."
The Toronto Globe, a paper friendly to our Go
vernment and to the present Administration, of
fered the following comments on the order of Gen.
Dix before it knew of the President's revocation :
''We think the order extremely injudicious on the part
of Gen. Diz. It ia possible that be ia justified by the rule*
of international law. There can be no doubt that if a neu
tral fails to prevent raids from his territory, the assailed
party ia permitted to enter the territory and capture the
assailants. But there are many thing* lawful which are
not expedient. He haa no right to preaume that our Gov
ernment can not or will not prevent raida in future. They
are making every effort to prevent them, and there ia little
cbanoeof failure. The discharge of the priaonera ia an
event disgraceful to the admiuiatration of justice in Mon
treal, but cannot be charged upon the Government, who
have done all that liea in their power to aeeare the re arrest
of the priaonera Until they failed to accomplish thia, at
all eventa, Gen. Dix should certainly have withheld hia or
der. He ought to have reoollected that the object of the
Southern raidera here ia to embroil the two countries in
war, and that the object of both hia Government and our*
ia to avoid auch a leault. Any thing which could create
bad feeling between the two countries ia exactly that which
the Southerners desire. If Gen. Dix's orders were obeyed
and Canadian soil invaded, there can be no doubt that our
Government would be impeded in the work they have
earnestly undertaken of preventing raida in the future.
The beat oourae for the American Government to pursue
ia to inaiat on our authorities doing their duty in the mat
ter, and in the mean time to refrain from any thing which
will needlessly embitter public feeling on the border."
Department of.Statu,
Ha thin ft on, December 17, 1864.
The President directa that, except immigrant paaaen
gera directly entering an American port by aea, henceforth
no traveller ahall be allowed to enter the United Statea
from a foreign country without a passport. If a citiien,
the passport mnat be from thia Department, or from some
United Statea Miniater or Conaul abroad ; and if an alien,
trom the competent authority of bia own country; the
paasport to be countersigned by a diplomatic agent of the
United States. Thia regulation ia intended to apply espe
cially to persons proposing to come to the United Statea
from the neighboring British provinces. Its observance
will ba strictly enforced by all officers, civil, military, and
naval, in the servioe of the ,Umted States, and the State
and municipal authorities are requested to aid in its execu
tion. It is expected, however, that no immigrant passen
ger, coming in manner aforesaid, will be obstructed, or any
other persona who may set out on their way hither before
intelligence of tbis regulation could reasonably be expected
to reach tLe country from which tbey may have started.
A letter from Anson G. Henry, Surveyor General of
Washington Territory, dated Olympia, November 8, says
that a new exritement has been created there by the dis
covery of rich silver lodes on the western slope of the Cas
cade mountains, near a road leading from the Sound through
Natebei pass. The ore is aaid to pay over seven hundred
dollars per ton. The location of this new discovery is
about fifty miles from Olympia, over excellent ground for
a wagon road. The ledge is said to be four or 8ve miles
from north to louth, and from aeven to fourteen fe?t
Tba Internal Revenue Department has detected the
Collector at Detroit in appropriating large sums of money
for private speculation The Government mil not be a
loser, aa the Collator's bonds ar* ample.
Wo to-day oontinue and conclude the publica
tion of the report of the Secretary of the Navy. Ia
this able and interesting paper, being the fourth
annual exposition of the operations ot the Navy
since the Department has been under the direction
of its present head, Mr. Welles has thought pro
per to present somewhat in detail the condition of
tho Department and of the naval service, as in his
preceding communications he had been called to
exhibit the methods and measures cf administra
tion by which, from a comparatively small begin
ning, our vast naval power has been brought into
existence; to state the contributions which have
been made to it from our commercial marine ; to
indicate the application of all the resources of our
public naval establishments to its construction and
preparation for service; to show how individual
energy and skill and capital have come successfully
in aid of insufficient governmental provision for
the due prosecution of the woik, and to traco in
general outline the processes and results of inven
tive genius and scientific experiment which have
changed, to a great extent, the materials and forms .
of naval structure and armor and armament, and
have enabled our country, while in so brief a pe
riod assuming a foremost place among maritime
nations, to crcate also a new era in the develop
ment and application of naval force.
And we are sure that every reader, as he re
views the history recited with so much clearness
and ability by the Secretary, will concur with him
in the opinion that he may point with legitimate
pride to an official record of a series of naval enter
prises and achievements wholly without precedent
or parallel. As Mr. Welles truly says, " no previous
conception of efficient blockade; no former endur
ance under the fire of fortified batteries; no auda
city and success heretofore known of naval attack
upon such fortresses, through formidable subma
rine obstructions spread for their defence; no simi
lar penetration by war vessels of internal waters
through a reach of navigation almost continental;
no other gigantio scale of co-opcration of naval
with army forces in expeditions and combats hun
dreds of miles from the seaboard, and along the
course of rivers precarious and dangerous of navi
gation, can any where be found of a character to
compare with the triumphs in all these forms of
naval effort which it has been the duty of this
Department during the past three years to organize
and to report."
If, in the prosecution of duties "so arduous,
complicated, and exacting," the trust confided to
this Department shall appear to have been faith
fully and fitly discharged, the Secretary, it will be
seen, with the generosity of an enlightened chief,
shares the honor with the gentlemon associated
with him in its management, and specially in
stances the invaluable services of the Assistant
Secretary and the Chief Clerk of the Department.
The following ia the joint rote addressed to the French
Minister of Foreign Affair* by the agents of"the rebels
abroad, transmitting an official copy of the manifesto of
the rebel Congress:
Paris, November 11, 1B64.
Sir: The undersigned, Commissioners ol the Confede
rate States of America, in pursuance of the instructions of
their Government, have the honor to present to your Ei
eelleucy a copy ol a manifesto issued by the Congress of
said States, with the approval of the President, and of
which the President was requested to cause oopies to be
transmitted to their Commissioners abroad, to the end
that the same might be by them laid before foreign Gov
ernments. They at the same time communicate a copy of
the preamble and resolutions tf Congress accompanying
?uch manifesto.
The dispositions, principles, and purposes by which the
Confederate States have been and are still animated are
set forth in this paper with all the authority due to the
solemn declarations of the legislative and executive
branches ol their Government, and with a clearnesrwhich
leaves no room for comment or explanation In a few sec- I
tences it is pointed out that " all they ask is immunity
from interference with their internal peace and prosperity,
and to be left iti the undisturbed enjoyment of their ina- 1
lienable rights of life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness, I
which their common ancestry declared to be the equal he
ritage of all patties to a social compact. Let them forbear
aggressions upon us and the war is at an end. If there be I
questions which require adjustment by negotiations, they
bave ever been willing, and are still willing, to enter into
communication with their adversaries in a spirit of equity
and manly frankness, and commit their causo to the en
lightened judgment of the world, to the sober reflection of
their adversaries themselves, and to the solemn and righ- I
teons arbitrament of Heaven." I
The undersigned beg leave most respectfully to invite I
the attention of the Government of his Imperial Majesty
to this frank and full explanation of the attitude and pur- I
pi,t*es ol the Confederate States, and will merely remark, 1
in addition, that since the issuing of that manifesto the war
has continued to be waged by our enemies with even It- I
creased ferocity, a more signal disregard of all the rules of I
civilised warfare, and more wanton violation of the obligs- 1
tions of international law.
The undersigned, having thus complied with the instruc- 1
tions of their Government, beg to assure your Excellency
of the distinguished consideration with which they h?ve
the honor to be, your Excellency's most obedient servants,
John Slidell,
J. M Mason,
A. Dudley Mann
It having been officially reported that Mr. Ould, rebel
commissioner of exchange, has declared, without consult
ing the authorities of the United States, that all rebel
prisoners delivered for exchange or parole by the United
States Government up to November 25th, 1864, are ex.
changed, the War Department has ordersd that the Fede
ral prisoners of war of the army and navy, and all civil
ians on parole for exchange, up to November 25th, 1664,
be declared exohanged. All paroled offioers and enlisted
men declared exohanged, who are in camp, will be iuome
diately forwarded by the commandants of oampi to their
regiments and oommands, and will be reported to theCom
missary General of Prisoners accordingly. Those who
are absent on leave will, on the expiration of their leave, I
repair forthwith to the parole camps at Annapolis, Mary
land, or Columbus, Ohio.
Some t.f the newspapers state that since Admiral Por
ter assumed command of the North Atlantic Blockading
Squadron, (in September last,) his share of price money
will amount to nearly $200,000. Three thousand five hun
dred bales of cotton alone, to say nothing of other valuable
cargoes and the vessels carrying tbem, have been captured
?inoe his assignment to that command. The ootton itself
is estimated to be worth seventeen hundred thousand
At a meeting of eitisens held in New York, Saturday
afternoon, about $25,000 was subscribed on the spot for
a testimonial to Admiral Farragnt, and it was reaolved to
insrease it to $100,000.
Wo observe that the " Advccato of Peace," a
periodical published under the auspioes of the
" American Peace Society," continues to make its
appearance among us, as if there wan still any por
tion of the people who believed in tho doctrines it
formerly inoulcated. In fact, tho Advocate seems
to realize (hat it has a very "limited field of useful
ness" in our country at the present time, and is
itself somewhat embarrassed to know how to "de
fine its position" as a periodical opposed on princi
ple to the whole theory of war, but at the same
time intensely devoted to the prosecution of the
particular warinwhioh our Governments engaged
against the " slaveholders' rebellion of tho South."
Painfully conscious of the incongruity which exists
between the creed of the Society and the practioe
of its modern diseiplts, the Advocate feels called
from time to time to defend the limitations and ap
plication of its " doctrine" against the cavils of such
among the more thorough-going and consistent
peace-men as are disposed to question the propriety
of that " military strife with the Confederate
States" which the Advocate upholds and sustains
as a "peace paper." Explaining its "doctrine"
in the current number, it says :
" Sell-preaarvation in an instinct iu every animated be,
injf, an absolute universal law. It is to keep the weak
from beir g overpowered by the strong that mau in made
Koci&l and civil government is ordaiued. The prevalence
of the doctrine of strict or entire non-resistance would in
troduce the reigD of violence and banish peace from the
earth. A St*te certainly has the right to preserve itself;
and whatever is necessary to that end it is its right and
duty to use.
" But, it ia replied, we must not do evil that good may
come. .Very well; so we think But killing a man who
converts himself into a wild beat>t aid ravens on society is
not doing evil. Society has claims upon us no less cer
tainly than the man of violence. The grandest incentive
to crime is confidence of impunity; and its surest check is
the certainty of retribution The Southern States rushed
into this conflict under the assurance that Yankees would
not tight, and their orators pledged themselves that 'a
lady's thimble would hold all the blood that would be shed.'
They believed ao. But their people were slow to asrume
the risk; and the leaders precipitated hostilities for the
avowed reason that this would ' fire the fc'outhern heart'
The North was ready to argue, and not ready to fight.
The South then had the Government in their hands duriag
long years of preparation for a forcible revolution ; but
they resorted to no argument, to no loyal process, for re
constructing the nation. They were resolved on a South
ern oligarchy, with Cuba and Mexico annexed. They
were to seize the capital. President Davia was to hold
levees in the White House. The country was to be shiver
ed and slavery and cotton to be supreme. All nature and
the voice of God commanded us to resist. * ' *
" Let none be surprised nt seeing in this periodical re
peated declarations of cur true position and object. It is
sent not to subscribers only but to ministers and others in
various places in single numbers, and ia scattered widely
as a tract. The cause demands that we be explicit; and
our strictly taoc-resistant friends and counsellors have a
right to know not only our ground but our reasons. H e hate
no tittle of owr opposition to war as a mode of settling in
ternational corhocfrsiis, or as ao engine of conquest, ra
pacity, or revenge. Tbe custom is utterly wrong; but
civil government we bold to be in ita legitimate operation
quite distinct from thai of the war-system, and d?serviag
not of rebuke and resistance, but of cordial support by
good men in tho exercise of its right to enact and enforoe
laws for the general weal."
It seems, therefore, that the " Advocate of Peace,
and the American Peace Society cf whiehit is the
organ, are opposed to war only is " a mode of set
tling international controversies, or as an engine of
conquest, rapacity, cr revenge." They are not
opposed to civil war an such?that is the war of
a lawful Government against insurgents?though
oivil wars, above all others, are fraught with the
direst evils which pertain to the war-systein. A
war in defence of civil government, we are told, is
quite distinct from a war waged by one civil Gov
ernment against another.
It is not doubted that there is a distinction be
tween civil and international wars. But if, as the
"Advocate of Peace" argues, " civil government
is ordsintd to keep the weak from being overpow
ered by the strong," and if self-preservation is an
absolute universal law, we are curious to learn by
what process of ratiocination our contemporary
arrives at the conclusion that it is lawful to
defend civil government against the aggres
?ions of a portion of its own subjeots, but
not against the cggrcssiots of another power.
Why should the " absolute universal law of
self preservation" be limited in its application
only to ca*c3 of danger arising from within a
State, ai;d not from without? Either the logic of
the Advocate is loose or its doctrine is unsound,
for corlaiu it is that tbe logic is too wide for the
doctrine or tbe doctrine is too narrow for the logic.
In seeking to Jcfcnd enough of the war system
for its present purpose, it has defended enough for
the purposes of all who believe iu the right of a
Government to protect its life and happiness from
the assaults of foreign violence as well as from the
?hocks of intestine commo'ion When the Advo
cate says that, since civil war la* eome upjn us,
" peace men, liko other good citizens, must have
our Government at discretion to deal with it in
the usual way of employing, if it can, all the
force requisite to put its laws in execution aeainjt
rebels just as against any otlur els -? of criminals,"
we ire unable to perceive the validity t*f the
grounds on which it would deny to our Govern
ment the right to deal with foreign wrongs " in
the usual way of employing all the force requisite"
to maintain our interests or our rights. If it is
rightful, as the Advocate not only admits but af
firms, to resist unto war this attempt of a portion
of our own people to wrest eleven States from the
jurisdiction of the National Government, wo are
at a loss to understand why it should be wrongful,
as the Advocate argues, to rosiit unto war tho
same attempt, should it be made by n foreign na
In view of the fact that the mcmbeis of the
American Peace Society are, without exception,
so tar as we know, in favor of "a vigorous prose
cution of the war against tho South," even to the
extremity of the utter extermination of the South
ern people, as openly avowed by some, wo had
supposed that the amiable founders of this pre
millennial association would now generally con
cede that in a just war it is is lawful to kill tho
people of a foreign nation as the brethren of our
own. Kut in this it seems we are mistaken.
I To homioido on a large soale, as oocurriog between
two belligerent nations, the Peace Society wages a
constant opposition, but to fratricide on a large
scale, as occurring between two seotions of the same
nation, "divided, discordant, and belligerent," the
same society gives its fall countenance and un
hesitating support. Could any thing place in a
clearer light the untenable nature of the "doc
trine" on which it places itself than this logical
oonscquencc of the society's present faith and
practice ?
We need hardly say that in exposing the fallacy
of the position assumed by this association, it is no
part of our purpose to m*kc a plea for the war
system, in any of its forms. We are quite sure
that wo do not yield to any tody of men in our
abhorrenco of wxr, whether as waged against for
eign nations or in the heart of a people. But
as greater evils may befall a nation than even civil
war, bo we are sure that there are greater evils
than a foreign war, and that in a just cause the
latter may be as righteously accepted as the for
mer, whatever the Peace Society may hold to tbe
The Canadian Boundary not to le Crowd by our
Forces without Special Orders.
Utu. Dix Hsaedon Saturday the following order,
modifying, in obedience to instructions from the;
President, his order of tbe 14th instant relating to
the pursuit of raiders beyond the Canadian border:
Heal quarters Dfpartment of the East,
New \orh City, December 17, I8C4
Genlral Orders, No. 100?Tba President of tbo
United States havitg disapproved ?f that portion of Di -
partment General Order No 97, current aerie*, which in
structs til military commanders wn tbe frontier, in certain
cases therein specified, to crot<8 the boundary line between
the United State# and Canada, and directs pursuit into
neutral territory, the said instruction it hereby revoked.
In cm?, therefore, of any future marauding expedition
into our territory from Canada, military commanders ou
the frontier will report to these headquarters for orders
before cros/icg tbe boundary lino in pursuit ol the gc.lty
By command of Maj. Gen. Dix :
D. T. Van BUREN, Colonel and A A. G
The bill introduced in the House of Representation ou
Thursday last, by Mr. Ashley, from the Committee on
Rebellious States, proposes to provide for the appointment
by the President ot Provisional Governors ol Rebel States,
who eh&Jl see that the lawp of t! e United States and of the
Slate before the rebellion an? enforced. But no law or
usage recognising slavery W ta be recognised by any officer
or court in such State. The bill proposes to emancipate
all slaves in such States, and provides for the discharge on
habeas corpus of poroons held to Kervica on pretense of
ownership. It also prcides for the pouishment of attempts
to re enalave emancipated persons. It declares that off]
oers of tbe rank of colonel or higher in the rebel service
are not citizens of the United States. Tbe seventh sec
tion is in these words;
" The United States, in Congress here assembled, do
hereby recognise tbe Goverement of tbe Htnte of Louisi
ana, iuaugur^ted under and by the Convention of the peo
ple of Louisiana which assembled on the fith day of April,
1S04, at the eity of New Orleans, and declare the same to
be entitled to the guarantee and all other rights of a State
Govoicmeut under the Constitution of the united States."
This section is said to have been agreed to by the
reconstruction committees of both Houses, and the
conclusion to repott this section to have been reached
through an interview with the President, lu which it
was intimated that bis approval of the bill depended on
its insertion.
The bill further provides for the calling of Conventions
in States whose Governments have beou usurped and over!
thrown, as soon as tbe military resistance to tbo United
States sbnll have been suppressed, and tbe people shall
have sufficiently returned to their allegiance. '1 he Con
ventions are required to provide that persons in rebel civil
or military service of and above tie grade of colonel thall
not vote for or be a member of the Legislature or Governor.
Involuntary servitude is prohibited, and tbe freedom of ali
persons to be guarantied in tbe said States. No debtt
State or Confederate, created by the usurp.ng power, is to
be recognised. If the Convention shall refute to re-estab
lish tbe State Government upon tbe pbove conditions, the
Provisional Government is to declare it dissolved, and an
other election of delegates is to be ordered.
Tbe bill w?s ordered to be printed, and was then re
committed to the committee fr<>m which it was reported
Portland, (Me ) Dec 17,18?l.
The steamship Hibernian, Capt. Duttoo, from Liverpool
oa the morning <jf the 1st. via Londonderry od the 2d ic
stant, arrived at this port this evening Her dates are fiv*?
days later than those already received.
Earl Russell bw made tbe following reply to (be despatch
of tbe Confederate Commissioner* and manifesto of the
Southern Congren :
Foreign Office, Nov 25,1801.
GENTLEMEN: I have had tbe honor to receive tbe copy
winch you havo sent me of the manifesto issued by the
Congress of th? so-called Confederate S'ates of America.
Her Majesty's Government deeply lament tbe pro
tr> cted nature of the struggle between the Northern and
Southern States of tbe formerly united Uepublio of North
Great Britain has, since 1703, remained, with the excep
tion of a short period, connected by friendly relations with
both tbe Northern and Soutbern States.
Since the commencement of the civil war, which broke
oat in ISCi, her Majesty's Government have continued to
entertain sentiments of friendship equally for the North and
for the South.
Of the causes of the rupture her Majesty * Government
have never presumed to judge. They deplored the com
mencement of this sanguinary struggle, and auxioualy
look forward to tbe period of its termination.
In the mean time they are convinced that they beat con
sult tbe interests of peace and respect tbe rights of all par
ties by observing a strict aud impartial neutrality. Such
neutrality her Maje?ty ha* faitbfuily maintained, and will
continue to maintain
I request you, gentlemen, t > accept, & 3. Rissell.
To J. bt.iDELi., Esq., J. Mason, ?sq , A Dudley
Mann, Esq.
Tbe Paris Constitutiounel b&s published a strange para
graph, warning against pirates and oor-airs It is supposed
to have reference to the aHeged letter of-iuarque stated to
have been granted by Juarez. The Opinione Nationale
attacks thn Constitutionuel for the warning, and taunts it
with having upheld the Alabama, Florida, do. It charges
tbd Conatitutioncel with changing its opinions now that
French commerce may be jeoparded by similar eruisers.
The Hanoverian and Saxon troops are to be immediately
withdrawn from Holateiu, a very summary demand for their
removal having been sent to Hanover and Dresden by the
Prussian Government, supported by Austria. LeNord
asserts, ou the contrary, that Austria is opposed to Prussia
in this movement, aud that the division between tbe two
Governments on tbe question may I ad to grave eoose
A foolish fellow in Somerville (Mai* ) who drank a quart
ot whiskey because his friecfd would pay for it, died in
oonsequeoee of his exoeasive imbibition
* -ft A L i. iN'ij ROBBERS
The C?l i ; ;ptr. ? ' nursday report tbat the St. Af
bans robbers ?a'1 we: .mcharged by Judge Coursol bare
scattered in t ;ctiocs. The stolen money?-about
$30,000 ia Amcr. an currency?wag given up to them, but
they have left it behind, to be delivered up to the " Con
federals" Government.
A special meeting of tLe Police Committee of the City
Council of Montreal was held, on Thursday, for the pur
pose of instituting an iuvestigatiou into the charge brought
against Mr. Larnothe, chief of police, by Mr. Devlin, coun
sel for the St. Albtti.d banks, and a member of the City
Council, of having given up tho $90,000 taken from their
banks to the raiders without an order, from the court, us
also for refusing to re-arrest the raiders when entrusted
with a warrant tor that purpoio.
Messrs. Coursol and Carter and Mr. Sowlee, of the St.
Albans Bank, were examined by the committee. Mr.
Coursol eaid that a fortnight ago, iu a conversation with
Mr. Larnothe, he told him that should the raiders be dis
charged he would have to give the money to them. Mr.
Sowlei said tbat Larnothe told him that he would uot give
the money to the raiders unless especially ordered by the
court to do so.
Mr. Larnothe, in a reply to the charge, questioned the
jurisdiction of the committee, alleging ttiai they had none
whatever; that he took professional advice, and thought
hiuisell legally bound to give up the money to the raiders
immediately after the decisiou of the ct urt discharging
them from cuatody; and, in coucluaion, he ctatmed to be
heard by counsel.
Another Cabinet meelirg wi.s held at Quebec on Friday
Paili&ment has been summoned to meet on the 19th of
January, ar.'l ttipendary magistrates have been appointed
to the frontier especially to take cognizance of breaches of
the international laws; and they are to be aided by a strong
polics forco. It was publicly announced at Quebec on
Friday evening that Gen. Dix's order h id baen disapproved
by cur Government.
From the Montrtal Ca^ilte of December ICUh.
Mi jor Geo Dix has issued another of his style of gene
ral orders, reiteratiug his instructions to shoot down, if
possible, any lurtber raiders ou the spot, whether acting
under commission from Itichmond or not; or, if they
ereape, to pursue and capture tbem in British territory
Tnia order u comewhat unnecessarily offensive; but we
are quite prepared to make allowances lor the irritation
whicli the release of tLe >St Alban's raiders on a mere aide
isme is calculated to excite. The Federal authorities
could have no eicuae to enter our territory in the way
lien. Dix purposes, unless we tirst show that wo are un
utile to maintain the police of our frontier, or are unwil
ling to respect well understood principles of international
law. '1 he carelessness with winch we have eit uur fron
tier to lake care of itself has not be>eu rifht; but the
Federals have profited by that, by the aid it has afforded
to kidnappers; and for ihe re?t we have never furnished
the Federals any good reason to doubt cur good faith, de
>pite the unfortuuate bungling of the recent extradition
c<*se. Our Government has act. d almost too zealously in
their behalf. Our courts ouly know (it is the greatest
boast of British subjects that is is eo) the law, good or
bad, as the Legislature made it. Geu. Dix's statement
with regard to lurther raida wo believe to be without
foundation. It may uot be a simple invention on his part
for the purpose of clap trap, or to excite leelmg, as he may
have be n impoted upon, if, however, we are to avoid
embroilment with our neighbors, it becomes the first duty
of iho Government of this couutry to put itself iu a posi
tion to detect and crush if neeesa&ry any organization thai
might be attempted in our territory. It may oust the
couutry a little more than mere vaporing to do this; but
its neglect may prove to be the most wretched of all eco
nomy. We believe that this is now tne question of para
mouiit importance lor the Government of this couutry.
Of courbe, Mr. JefTerson Dav.s v.i.1 read wi:b great de
| lijtht tne offensive language of Gen. Dix. If iangry feeling
should happen t<> tuaa to embroilment that would be play
ing his gume. The Confederate Uovtrum-nt is not at pre
sent friendly fo England; the Federal State* have much
more solid ieason to be so. The former would probably
have little compunction of conscience at seeing britaiu
mixed up in the struggle or promoting this result. Our
Northern neighbors should remember bowofteu they failed
in the execution of their neutrality laws iu 1437-6. and
await the action of our Faruam .ut, belore lnsultug us
by threat* such as those contained in Gen. Dix's 'general
order. " " ?
W e do not think there wi.l be any more raids from oar
betters. That little game is plajed out. borne twenty
mm will not agaiu take po?se*siou oi a town of the size of
M. Albans for even a tew hours ; seiz* tne banks, pack
away at much money about their peraons as they could
comeuieutly cany?more, ludeed, fur they oowed u good
deal of it as they weut along ; seize horses to ride off with,
and hold a great many persons as prisoners ia a publio
square. Tbat is a et> le of tbiug which may be done once
a, d surprise by bold men, but not one which it would be
profitable to attempt to repeat. Men will read of it in
future da>s with much of the feeling that the exploits of
Dick Turpiu now exeite. For tatao reasons wo incloe to
the belief mat positive assurauces ou the part of bouthern
gentlemen here, which have been published in theootumua
oi one of our contemporaries, thai there will be no more
raids from our borders, may be received with confidence,
aud tbnt the stories of future raids which hav<. found ex
cited utterance in certaio other newspapers are simple
bosh, if they have not an intent whicn is not so innocent a*
mere ?tupidily. ihese considerations, however, Co not in
itny Way lessen our strong conviction of the ceceitsity for a
strut g provincial polioe to enforce our neutra lly laws on
the fioutier. Any breach ou waich the authorities can
lay their bauds sttiuld be punished with the utmost rigor
ol the law.
trom the Montnal Herald of December 14tk.
There is a view ol the case wbich it appears to us, wri
ting as we do ou the spur of the momeut, is not without
its importance. Our Government has bouod itself with
that of the United tttatrs tbat etch of tbem Mill hand over
criminals of certa.u cl??s? s on demand made by toe other.
The decisiou of Mr. Coursol serves to *h w tu.it we have
outer token no nteps,or nsulticieot ?t p? to c?.ry out our
engagement. Wo ougbt t ? have UitnJo a law which thould
tinvo oei o nu instrument in tbe bauds of our fcucuUre to
enable it to fulbll ai oMfitwii. We bbve umde cm,
which by biuuder or m gleet, la some important particu
lars, render* it imputable to cany out our obligation, or if
po*Hib!e i* possible only in a lou^dabeut way, which we
bate legislatively declared to be iusuffic ent. We do not
discurs idc pfoi'rietj of the judgment upon tins new paint,
suddenly It *Jd ? but il that judgment be good, it is e*i
deul tfc.. w> must at otce make our law c ulonn to tbe
treaty vi .1- t; tetaia we have undertak >u to ttHMo
From the loronta Globe.
The announcement of Mr. Lincoln tint hi* UoTcrnment
baa giveu tbe requisite aix uiobtha' iot ce (or the termini
tion of tbe treaty betweeu Urrot tirita;u and the Uuited
bttaes, whieb forbids either pHrty bt?vii)g armed vessels
upon tbe lake* between tkia province and the United
{States, i* very seriously to b<? regiett^d. To Canadians
especially it is a matter of the vrry gravest moment.
Under that treaty tbe lakia ha*.o been free from vea
aelt-iif-war; and wo nave been saved irom any necessity
ol expeuding our money in buiidiug aud arming boata to
w*tcli aimilar preparations on the other aide. Now the
prospect ia that tfcis 1a all to bj ch&uged, and that we are
to bo lelt only a choice between a large outlay for naval
purposes ami the uup-easant alternative of remaining in a
*tate ol insecurity, i'he parties to whom we are to owe
tins altered state of tbiMgsare those Confederate reffcfMl
who have endeavored to make the Northern lakes the scene
of piracy and robbery. Muoh as we regret tbe determina
tion * 1 the Americau Government, we can hardly he ?ur
prised at it. We oannot expect Mr. Ln-oolu and bis Mm.
istera to sit quietly by aud witness such sola as lbs plun
ders g of the two steamers on Lake ICria two at tbre*
months since without taking some stops to protect tba
commerce ot their people
from the Montreal Itumst of December 15
We learn with a satisfaction which it is diffi*ult to ex*
press that tbe Canadian Uovernmeut ia in tbe most prompt
and vigorous manner vying to remedy the intolerable rnu
take, il not wore*, of our police authoilties m tbe matter of
the raider# A telegram arrived Irom tha Attorney Oen?
eral to ???t the water police put at Ue disposal of the liov?
eminent instantly, aud to dispatch them with tne high
oonsub'e end all other reliable meu to follow tbe raidera
?ud rc-irrest them?the high cmsUble beiog farniahed
with all necessary menus aua authority to follow them to
Halifax il necessary. Kvery precaution has also beeu
tskeu to prevent escape by Detroit or other frontier ter
mini ot t ii r railroads. 1 he following apeoial oommunios
ticn has been made public:
Caown Law Department,
Quebec, l ectmber 15.
To T. U. Jobnaou, Esq., (^. C , <uid Howard C?ner, Q C.
Gem limin : 1 urn directed by the honorable the Attor
ney ttsnsral for Lower Canada to ackn.>^i?dge the rseipt of
vour latter of yesurday'a date, and to infomi you tbat the
law officers of tbe Crown concur in tbe opiukui expressed by
you with regard to Judge (Jounol s ?ieuaiou in the m?u?r of
tbe St. * Ibnus c(Tenders. 1 herewith enclose to you a copy
of an order of her Majesty in Council relative to the. 44
Viet. C. ?. G. FtTsaoT*,
Ctar* Q. L. Deparu?*?V

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