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Weekly National Intelligencer.
By GALES Ac SEATON. JAMBS C. WELLING, ASSOCIATE EDITOR. The subscription price of this paper for a year is Two Dollars, payable in advance. A reduction of 20 per cent, (one-fifth of thefulloharge will be made to any one who shall order and pay for, at one time, ten copies of the Weekly paper; and a reduction of 25 per cent, (or one-fourth of the full charge) to any one Who will order aud pay for, at one time, twenty or more copies. No aaounts being kept for this paper, it will not be sent to any one unless paid for in advance, nor any longer than the time for which it is paid. THURSDAY, DECEMBER 29, 1864. MILITARY EMANCIPATION AT THE SOl/rU. From recent indications it is easy to perceive that the drift of public opinion in tbe South is ra pidly settling iu a direction which points to the ultimate employment of negroes as a means of re cruiting the strength of tho insurgent armies. Much hesitation has preceded and still attends the discussion of the topic, but when, as we are in formed, the highest military authority in the South has given in his adhesion to tho proposition, we may be sure that the popular judgment will readily yield its assent to his recommendation. At tho North speculation ia*rife with regard to the probable results of suoh a determination on the part of the Southern leaders, should they carry it into effect, and actually recruit tho insurgent ar mies from the negro population. Will it prove a sourco of strength or of weakness to the Southern cause'( Oa this subject opinions are divided, though the preponderant sentiment seems to bo in favor of the latter view, especially among those who support the policy of the Administration. As the destruction of .slavery is held to be the para mount means for the suppression of the rebellion, if not the paramount end of tho war, they reason that, so far as regard* the beneficent result it can be of little conscqueuee whether the system of sla very is overthrown by the military force of the United States or undermined by the policy of the ipoyrrrents. In either event tho slaves will be cmp.noipatcd, and after that the Uniou will take >.arc of itself. There is one cla?s of citizens in the Loyal States who must neccesarily look with apprehension upon v policy contemplated by the Southern au th "H s. We allude to those who believe that our Qu\: ( uient has mainly assured its immuni.yfrom a foreign inteivention in our civil war by the steps -which it has taken on the subject of slavery ?o .dmtify itself with the cause of emancipation. '.he Southern States, under the pressure of . llitary neoossity, shall have " laid a strong hand i': .olorcd element/' there will be no difference policy of the two parties on this subjeot, ?j , tVere will be as littlo difference in the ive? which have led to its adoption as in . e ru.ults of the policy respectively adopted by eaoh. For Mr. Lincoln has avowed that he Abstained from military emancipation until an ?indispensable military necessity" seemed to con strain this step; and the employment of slaves in the Southern armies is bssedon precisely the same ground. To this effect Mr. Lincoln wrote in hia letter to Col. Hodges, of Kentucky, under date of last April 4th, as follow* : " When, early in tho war, Geo. Fremont attempted mili. tary emancipation, I forbade it, became I did not then think it an independable necessity. When, n little later, Oec. Cameron, then Secretary of War, suggested tbe arming of tbe black*, 1 objected. becau?e I did not yet think it an indisp-nsabl* necessity Wben, atill later, Gen. Hunter attempted military emancipation, I again for bade it, because 1 did not jet tbink toe indispensable ne cessity had come. When, in Marcb and May, and July, 1>02, I made earnest and succeeaive appeals to tbe Border State* to favor compensated emancipation, I believed the indispensable necessity for military emancipation, and arm ing tbe blacks, would come, unions averted by tbat mea sure. Tbey declin-d the proposition ; and I was, in my beat judgment, driven to the alternative of eitter surren dering ibe Union, and with it tbe Constitution, or of lay * >ng strong hand upoa tie col.,red element. I chose the latter. In choosing it I b? p<>d for greater gaiu than loea; but of Ibis 1 was not entirely confident. Mure than a year of trial now shows no lo*s by it io our foreign relations ; none in our home popular sentiment; none in our white military force?no loss by it ar y h?w or any where. On tbe contrary, it shows a gain of quite a hundred and thirty thousand soldiers, searm n, and laborers. The.e are pal pable facta, about which an lactp tbeie can be no cavilling. We have the met', and we could not have bad them with out the messure. ? And now let any I nion man wlo complains of the measure test himself by writing down in one line that be ia for subduing the rebellion by force of arms, and in the ueat that he is for taking tbene hundred and thir y thou sand men from the Union aide and placing them where tbey wonld be but for the measure he eondemns. If he cannot face hia cause so stated, it u only becansa he can not face the truth." Among thote who believe that our Government is largely indebted to its policy of military eman cipation for its exemption from European inter vention, wo may otto tho authority of Mr. Everett, who, at tho meeting of the Massachusetts Electora College, took ocoasion to endorse tho view of Mr. Stephens, the insurgent Vice President, on this subjeot. Mr. Everett Baid : "1 here ia now really but orie queation which dividei tboae who holt), in good laith, that the military power of the rebellion rouat be nubrfued, and the Union preserved at all baiarda. I allude, of courae, to tbe policy of rman cipation. And will Dot our oppoaing Irienda who ao warmly disapprove that policy, and who think it create* an in?u peruble o battel* to the Maturation of tbe Union, reconaider that op moo, on p-rwal of the remarkable letter ol tbe aocond officer ot the Confederacy, written on tbo &th of November, three dnya before the election?a private let ter, but publiahed by himat-ll?by tar tbe moat import ant utterance, on tbia subject, which haa reached ua from tbe South. "Intbia letUr Mr Stephen* (tbe ablest civilian in tbe Confederacy) aaaigna the rea?ona why he deaired the election olden McClellao. lntlmt ?vent heaa?um?d thatan armi> tice would take place aod a Convention of the Statea be held. If that body failed to ooaie t i an amicable agreement, U> acknowledge the independence of the Honth, and Orn. MoClellan ah? ul.l reu< w tbe w?r, with the avowed object of reatoring thr Union with the old Conatitutioa and *.ll ita guarantee', (wl.ioh l.y hia l<?tt>-1- ol acceptance he waa pledged to do,) ' at that moment,' ?aya Mr. Klephena, ' or aa ioi>n aa pi.oaible. our rec. gnition abroad would come. Tbe ailent aympatby of hngland, France, and other Knrc* pean I'nwera, at pirwnt with Lincoln, ariae* entirely from tbeir manit on the aubject of alavory.' Here follow* an omiaaion in Mr Stephen*'* letter, made aa be himaelf int - mutes ft< u> public con?.derati"iia I ho paaaage omitted no doubt enforced tbe idea that if the North c ?ntinued the war In order to reatore the Coneutution with guarantee* ? .f alavery. Kurope ?i"il I n111y rer,lgniae the Confede racy aa an independent Power Mr Btephena then pro ceed a aa follow*: | " ' IJncoln bad either towitneaa onr recognition abr< ad. the moral power of which alone he *aw would break 1 dow* the w*r, or to make it an war. He chose the latter alternative, because it chimed in bo accordantly,*^.! f f j? f, J view- ot hie party. This. in my o^a' JiU hu*"t of (bit whole matter; aud lost2 Mo1V?.U*V.h?.nld renew the war to restore the aii ? 1 Constitution with slavery would En?laij#?ce' Bud. ? h.f 0lber /\Ur0' peau Powtrs throw all tie ~jr?l P?werandiufluenoe of ttui reooKuliiou ou our aid#. 1 Htn not oertain ?h?* they would not ko farther rather"5"8" ,(?a ,il0 old Uuion restored, jf it should beoome aocr***?' ',ut il woulJ not Ucowe neces sary.' " lu these torujs the second <?lHcer of tbe rebel Qovermieu* do doubt on the strength of commu nications fr0m a*e"tM abroad, aud holding buck what he deemed & ru't prudent to divulge, not only treats tbeumau oipaf?D Pl"'iCy ?( ^e President as a necessary military mea ture, but maintains that that alone had prevented the great Powers of Europe from reo >gnismg the independence of tbe South, and, if necessary, throwing their swords into the scale to secure ita establishment. ^ay we rea sonably hope, ia view of such opiuiuna aud disclosures froai such a quarter, that this policy will cease.to divide opiaiou at the North, and that wo shall a# present au undivided front in defence of the integrity of the Union." Of course, if there be any foroe in these views of Mr. Everett, as re-enforoed by the authority of Mi. Step'ncns, the moral superiority of our position in the ejes of Europe will be greatly weakened by the contemplated action of the insurgent leaders, in virtually plaoing themselves on the same plane of military emancipation under pressure of military neoessity. The difference on this subject between the two parties to the war will have been merged by the drift of events, making them equally tribu tary to the destruction of slavery from considera tions of military advantage. It will be remembered that the Richmond Kn quirer, in recently discussing the relations and aspects of this question, intimated the opinion that there was some connexion between the decision that should bo made of it and the question of liU ropcan recognition or intervention. It said : ?< Whenever we are reduced so low that we canuot main tain the contest, then we can secure liberty and nationality bv the sacrifice of slavery. But until we are prepared to make this sacrifice it is do use to look to Europe tor help, either by recognition or intervention. All the military au thorities, th"se who command the armies and those en trusted with the administration of the conscript bureau, are prepared to say that the population of the country will maintain a force in the field that shall bear to that of the enemy the proportion that the armies of the two nations bore to each other in 1863; then no necessity exists tor either arming the negroes or appealing to Europe for pro tection. But if those authorities shall answer dinerentJy, then we submit that a crisis is upon us that demands the alternative of subjugation without slaves or independence by arming the negroes." If it be asked whether we share the views of the Enquirer on this topio, we have only to say that we believe the neutral position of foreign Govern ments in our war was assumed in obedience to ge neral considerations of international obligation and advantage, and has not been sensibly controlled in one way or another by the varying aspects of our struggle in the matter of slavery. Hence, as we do not suppose that the particular policy of mili tary emancipation adopted by the Administration has procured for us any such immunity as Mr. Stephens or Mr. Everett imagines, we just as little share the opinion of the Richmond Enquirer when it intimates that foreign Governments will be in fluenced in any degree to depart from the policy of non-intervention by the Confederate adoption of the policy of military emancipation. DEATH OF THE EARL OF CARLISLE. The Hight Honorable the Earl of Carlisle, known to Americans as Lord Morpeth, died in England on the 5th of December. George William Frederick Howard, K. G., Earl of Car lisle, Viscount Howard, of Morpeth, and Baron Dacre, of Gillesland, was born io England on the 18th of April, 1802. He was the eldest son of the sixth Earl. Lord Morpeth was educated at Eton and Christ Church, Oxford, and displayed remarkable ability and force of intellect at an early age. Before be graduated he wrote two University prize poems, ani obtained the highest classical honors with his degree. Lord Moipeth entered public life ns member of Parlia ment for the West Riding of Yorkshire, and took his seat with the then Whig party, which numbered in its ranks Lord John Kussell, i-ord Melbourne, the Earl of Durham, Di uiel O Connell, and the leading Iiish Catholics The voung peer continued to act and vote with the men of this party, by whom he wnt ?oon clawed n? a ?taLilard-brarer. \\ hen Lord Melbourne lormed a Cabinet, ait*r the ac cession ol Queen Victoria. Lord Morpeth was appo uted Chief Secretary for Ireland, which othce he hrld down to l?4l He was universally beloved by tbe people ol that country, and bis popularity with tte masses *as second only to tb.it enjoyed by O'Conne 1 himself. VVhen the Wbigs returned to power in 1840, Lord Mor peth was appointed Commissioner of Woods and Forests, and soon alter succeeded Lord Campbell as Chancellor of tbe Duchy of Lancaster. . . ... About this period he set ont for America, and completed an extensive tour in tbe United fetatrs, since Which time bis name has been well known to our citizens, and is asso ciated with many pleasing recollections When Lord Mor peth vuited ua our railroad system was in the infancy of iti pr-ajnt maturity, so that the peer peifomed a large portion of bis journey by stKge. Uidmg one day on a New i-.nglind stage, bis lordship had tbe box aest, and alter a little time asked permi siou of the driver to take " tb? rib bons" and " tovl" the concern for awhile. The driver re fused observing that bis horses were spirited and would not bro? k a stranger. The paasei ger assured him of h s capability, and promised to stand treat" at trie next bait ing place. Handu g hun the lines, tbe driver was surpris ed at tbe sty e in wnich they were handled and the splen did pace at which bis team were kept. Looking round be partly apologixed to his tellow-whip, sayiug, "1 did not know you was a driver, where did y?.u ame7" "Ob, replied the new band, '? 1 drove a stage in Eugland. Wben informed next day of tbe rank of the traveller the Ameri can whip acknowledged be bad met bis peer. In the autumn of 1850 Lord Morpeth lectured twice before the Mechanic*' Institute of Lot dj, England, taking for hi? rubjeota "America," aud the "Life and Writing* of Pipe." tub*equen!ly Lord Morpeth viiited the Enat, and pub liahed tbe remilta of hia tour under the title of *' Di?ry of Tra\el in luikiah and Greek Waters." He also wrote a book < n propbery. Lotd Morpeth auoceedcd his father, an arventb Earl of Carliale, the 7th of October, 1?48. When Lord Pclnieraton forced hit Cabinet, in 1S&5, the Larl of Carliale waa appointed Lord Lieutenant of Ire .und, which office be Laid unul the diaaolutiun of the Miniatry. On tbe return of Lord Palmcratoa to power, in lt&y, tb* Earl of CaMile waa reappointed to rule over Ireland, and diacharged toe dutita ot that high office until compelled to reaign by the diaeaae which baa terminated hia lite. During bia administration Lord Carlis e biought all the powera of hia great mind and vaat eiperienee to bear in promoting hia plan lor the regeneration of the un happy country commuted to hia charge?a plan which embraced the discountenancing ot party violence and allay ing rehgioua prejudice*, extending aecular education, de veloping the mineral reaouicea ol the kingdom, build ng railroad*, and teaching the people an improved ayateui of agriculture. Hia departure from Dublin waa regretted by men of all claxwea, tueir grief being expreaaed in touching worda on every occasion to hi* aueoeaaor, Lord Wodehouae, who readied Dublin Cattle in tbe Utter end of November The pay of the member* of tbe Virginia Legislature ha* been raued to forty dollar* per day, and a bill ta al*o pend ing to iccreaae tbe oompenaation of the Governor to thirty tbouaand dollar* . judge* and other officer a of the State government to proportionate amount*. THE NEW PARLIAMENTARY REGULATION. W o are gUd to observe that the committee of the House of Representatives to whioh was re ferred the proposition of Mr. Pendleton, introduced at the last session, "to provide that the heads of the Exocutive Departments may occupy seats on the floor of tho House," has made a report in its favor, accompanied by a bill for the purpose of carrying it into effect. The bill provides that the Secretary of State, the Secretary of the Treasury, tho Secre tary of War, the Secretary of tho Navy, the Secre tary of the Interior, tho Attorney General, and the Postmaster General shall be entitled to occupy seats on the floor of tho House of Representa tives, with the right to participate in debate upon matters relating to the business of their respective departments, aud to this end they are required to attend the sessions of the House at the opening of th* sitting^ ou Mondays aud Thursdays of caoh week, to give information in reply to questions whioh maybe propounded to them under the rules of the House. These rues, as recommended by the committee, direct? That the Cleik of the ITouee of Representative* shall keep a notice book in which he shall enter, at the requeat of any member, any resolution requiring information from 'fVJs* u ixecutlve Departments, or any question in teiided|to be propounded to any of the Secretaries, or the Postmaster General or the Attorney General, n-latin* to public affairs, or to the business pending before the House together with the name of the member and the day when the fame shall be called up. The member giving notice of such resolution or ques tion shall, at the same time, give notice that the same shall bo called up ou Monday or Thursday of the succeeding week : provided that no such resolution or question shall be called up, except by unanimous consent, witbiu less than three days utter not ce shall have been given. J he Clerk shall, on the same day on which it is entered transmit to the chief officer of the proper department a copy of the resolution or question, together with the nam., of the member proposing the same, and of the day when it will como before the House for action. Ou Monday and Thursday of each week, before any other business shall be taken up, except by unanimous consent, the resolutions and questions shall be taken up in the order in which they have been entered upon the not^ book for that day. The member offering a resolution may stite succinctly the object and scope ot his resolution, and the canons for desiring the information, and the Secretary of the proper department may reply, giving the information, or the rea sonsi why the ?ame should be withheld; and then, without further debate, the House shall vote on the resolution, un less it shall be withdrawn or postponed. In putting any question to the Secretaries, or the At torney General or Postmaster General, no argument or opinion is to be offered, nor any fact stated, except so far as may be necessary to explan such question: and in an swering nuch question the Secretary, the Attorney Gene ral, or Postmaster General shail not debate the matter to which the same refers, nor state facts or opinions other thau those necessary to explain the answer. As we took occasion to avow our approval of Mr. Pendleton's proposition immediately after its first suggestion by him, we have oaly to renew the expression of our hope that the bill as reported by the special commitf .e may rcccivc the sanotion of the House and pass into the reocived I regulations of that body. The most enlightened Governments of Europe and of the American con tinent have long since adopted this institute with admitted advantage in the elaboration and digest of legislative measures. The Governments of Eng land, France, Holland, Sweden, Italy, Spain, Por tugal, Prussia, Switzerland, Greece, Brazil, Chili, Colombia, the Republics ot Central and South Ame rica, arc among those in which provision is made fjr the participation of Ministers, with greater or I less degrees of power, in the deliberations of the Legislature, and the regulation is found to sub serve the unity and frankness of intercourse that should exist between different branches of the gov erning power in the State. Among the reasons assigned by the committee in favor of the proposition we have room to cite only the following: In fact, tho influence of the Departments is in all cases almost without exception, txerted. It may well b* doubt' ed whether it was r.ot oii?inally intended by the fram-rs of the Constitution that this should be so i he veto oou ".W -**!* the President, arid the ri|ht accorded L and the duty laami upon him to give to Congress infor mation anJ to initiate legislation,.show that they Hid not intend to establish an absolute ?eparation of the leeis a tive and executive depai t'uents. However trat may b.ive been, the fact is too obvious to members of Coombs to need pro. f that the chief officer, of the .everal Depart ing ted o exercise an important irduence on the legislation ot that body. The pages of the ulobe within the last few years w II satisfy those who have not bad seats on the flor,r and been admitud to the sessions of tbe committees It h*s been notorious for years that by personal int-rrjews with members, by private Conversations at the office in a cial intercourse in casual roo? tings, on the floors of the two Houres, by verbal statements to the chairmen of cm mittees liable always to be misunderstood or even mis represented?by unofficial communications to tbe c mmit t-es themselves, thesw officers originate, press forward modify or entirely defeat mea urea of legislation; and it ha? often happer.e 1 that the nil. a of tbe House have been violated by statu g what has occurred in committee in or der to convey to tnemOers the opinion or wishes of a Hec rotary. These < fficers have no authored communication with tbe committee of tbe House. Their suggestions even if in writing, are not recorded No trace of their'exer tions is left behind. They work, they accomplish, and yet aft^r a few weeks, or even after a few days, it would be difficult to show?although members were fully oonscioua ot it?that they bad produced any eff-ct n< to particular measures, or what were their opinions in relation to them 1"" secret, silent, omnipresent influence ia felr, vet thev are without responsibility. It ia not necessarily corrunt because it is secret and silent, but it may be; and wher ever opportunity for corruption ex.ats, there will be there ought to be, suspicion and distrust. Would it not be bet ter that their opinions should be expressed, their facts stated their policy enforced, their acts defended in open day on the floor of the House, in the face of tbe nation? in public speech, in official recorded statements, where there .Zr,r,h,datn p"rp,?e- "'"oneeption, no misrepre sentation? 1 his would enlighten tbe House, inform the country, and be just to officers It would substitute a le "r.M power. It would establmh an open, official, honorable mode of exercising that power instead of a a .cret, unrecognised mode, liable to ah,,,*. arij therefore always subject to the suspicion that it bas been Ti'lT r Z ?"thoiit?d and accurate, o ea<1 of unauthorized, and the.efore uncertain and inaccu rate, eomiuunieation with the House. " * -? ? organising the Treasury Department passed in it is made the duty ol tbe Secretary of the Trea ofTh i1" 1 ?P ?,nd "'V* '"formation to either branch of the 1 eg stature, in person or in writing, (a, be may be required,) respecting all matters re erred to him by tbS Senate or House of Kepreswntatives, or which shall an pertain to hie office. In the debate on that bill it was ex press objected that in time this .econd section would lead to the introduction of all the S?cretaries on tbe floor - but it was, nevertheless, pss?*d, aod without . . much as a di Dial that Mich would ko tbf remit Nor has history been w,th< ut illustrations of the necs sily arid of examples of this practice. In tbe earlv dm* ol the Government the Secretaries were repaatedlv ? !*?ST1 Wf pnmoav, Jul v 83, 1789--The N*or?t?ry of Foreign AlUirn (Mr. J^tT-rnon) attended, agrpeably to ordere, and m?de tin* dp< eaaary eiplauationb ?(Anna ? of Con^reM, *ul t, pa^e 61, Kir?t Congr**e ) 8iTt *r>?r, Ac9. W, 1789.-'fhe senate again entered on executive butineM. The Preaident of the United State* cunt into the Senate Chamber, attended by Qen. Knox, the Sec re ftary of War, and laid before the Senate the following state ment of facta, with the quest ons thereto annexed, lor their advice aud consent?(Annals of Congress, First Cong rem, vol. i, page 66.) ' . And again on the Monday following, tbe President and Gen Knox were before tbe Senate. Friday, Aug , 1789?Tbe following message was received from the President of the United Htates by Qeu Knox, Sec retary of War, who delivered therewith Miudry papers and statements rela'ing to the same?(Proceedings of the House of Bvpree entail vte, Annals of Congress, vol. i, page 684.) Mom>ay, At'0.10, 1789.?The following message was re oeived from the President by Uen. Kuox. Secretary of War, who de ivered the same, toother with tne statement of the troop in tbe service of tbe Uuiled States.?(Proceedings of the House of Representatives, Anna's of Congress, vol. i, page 639.) THE FEELING IN CANADA. For many month* past tbe apparent indifference of the Canadian authorities, the active intrigues of (Southern re fugees in that province, and the inimical course of certain newspapers tbere, united to establish a conviction among citizens of tbe United Statas that there existed in the Bri tish North American provinces a wide-spread feeling to wardMis, bordering on positive enmity. More recent oc currences, however, have brought into the foreground a large class of leading citizens and heavy capitalists, repre senting the substantial interests of Canada, who manifest a very different spirit, and who have already done much to re assure the public on either side of the border in regard to the continuance of friendly relations. In the lake cities, since the action of the Canadian authorities following tbe discharge of the St. Albans raiders by Judge Coursol, all signs of disquietude have vanished. The Detroit Free Press declares that the restrictions upon intercourse with Canada imposed by the Secretary of State are unneces sary ; that tbe preventive means adopted by the Can-tdian Government in stationing a vigilant police on the border, and the calling into service of thirty companies of troops, afford absolute protection; that Mr. Seward's order only embarrasses tri-.de, and should be rescinded. Our Detroit contemporary adds: " A few of our citizens, action formally, felt it impor tant to (end a committee to different points in Canada, to ascertain what course the Canadian Government were likely to pursue, and therefore what steps were neeeeaa ry on our part to protect us from these incuraiona from Canada. We have now before uh such full and complete information upon that subject that we feel justified in say ing that there ii no longer any just or well-founded fear of raida. The Canadian Government haa not only acted promptly but nobly. It baa done all that any one could reasonably ask, and from the prompt anl efficient mariner in which it haa acted, it is a source of regret that our Gov ernment or people had not put themselves in direct com munication with it long since, and given it the information which it required." Entirely consistent with this view is the memorial of the citizens of Montreal, adopted December 20th, and which bears the signatures of the President of the Board of Trade, all the Bank Presidents, principal merchants, &c. This document is as follows : To His Etctllency the Right Honorable Charles Stanley, Viscount Monck, Governor General of British North America, if c. The memorial of the undersigned inhabitants of tie city of Montreal humbly sheweth? That while Canada has hitherto preserved a strict neu trality with respect to the unhappy Btrite cow prevailing In the United States, your Excellency's memorialists feel that the c.rcumathuces which have recently taken plac? call f ir increased vtgilanoe on the pari of th* Government and aU subordinate authorities, to see that such neutrality is effectually aod honestly maintained. That your memorialists consider that, while political re fugees residing in Canada are entitled to protection, it is the duty of such persons fcrupnloasly to respect the neu trality proclaimed by her Majesty, and to abstain from making or furthering any acts of aggression upon /ha soil of a friendly Power. That your Excellency's memorialists also consider that any persons who commit acta of violeaoe upon ihe b'.rders of the neighboring fctates solely iu consequence of the im munity which they expect to erjoy upon their escape here, acts wLich would never te attempted but for tbe facilities for fl:gl<t which the proximity of our soil affords, abure the ngbt of asylum and violate the duty of neutrality enjoined upon all persona res ding within the dominions of her Majesty Thai your memorialists deeply deplore the oiroumstan ces under which tbe persons lately in custody upon chargea of robbery and murder at St. Albans were released, and also tbe manuer in which the money entrusted to our au thorities wna restored to the prisoners, and feel that the result of the recent proceedings has been auch us to cast doubts upon our good faith in carrying out our treaty obli gations. That while it would be improper to prejudge the officers concerned iu the release of the 8t. Albans prisoners and the restoration of the money, your Excellency's memo rialists consider it due to tbe interest of justice and the fcood naue of this province that the most searching inquiry into the conduct of the judge charged with tbe investigation under t e treaty, and th* < fficer entrusted with tbe money, be had w ithout delay, aud that speedy ju'tica bo done in the premises. Your Eicellency's memorialists therefore most earnestly pray tLat y< ur Excellency will be pleased to order an im mediate investigation into tbe conduct rf all the officials oonnec ed with the discharge ol the persons referred to, and the furrcnder of tho m >ney to tbera ; and tbat your Eieelliucy will bo pleased t<> take such further measures as may be required effectually to prevent any parties from violating the neutrality declared by her Majesty, and from endeavoring to interrupt the good feeling and friendly rela tionship w hich your memorialists trust may always con tinue to exist between Canada and the United States. The assurances thus given are very gratifying, and we have no doubt tbe authorities at Washington will do any thing consistent with tba pub! c interests by which need less restrictions may be relieved or wholly removed AN EXPLOSION AT THE SOUTH NcwnSRt*, Dec. 24 ?Judge AdvocateStaek^ort arrived to-day from Fortress Monroe for the purpose of inve-ti gating important frauds connected with tLw recruiting of colored troops in this department A great shock, I ke that of an earthquake, was distinctly felt here this morning about two o'clock, rocking the earth aud r.tiling the window* iu this p'ace. It is supposed to be an explosion of great magnitude on the coast b-low Beauf ?rt, ss tbe sou:id cause from tbat direction. Posa bly a niagiz n? exploded i i tbe forts at Wilmiogtou or Charles ton, containing several hundred tons of powder, 'ihe gale which has prevailed for tbe last few days subsided last night, and the shipping which has been detained at Be.tu fort will be able to depart to-day. ( Forta Fisher and Caswell, below Wilmington, are dis tant ninety miles as the crow flies from Newbern. The explosion was that of a p< wder ship, near F(*t Fisher, prior to Admiral Porter's assault upon that fortification.] CAPTURE OF BLOCKADE RUNNERS. The Navy Department hM received information of the results of the cruise of the Unite 1 States steamer Cho cun, Capt. Meade, offVelmeo, Texan, by which it ap peirt that on November24th she chased ashore a schooner, which wai lota'ly wrecked by a henry g*!e. On Decern ber 4th she capturad the thr> e masted schooner L. O Wood, with two hundred and twenty-one bales of long staple cotton On December 6th abe captured the British achoocer Lot Harley, of Montreal, with ao assorted cargo EXILED TO THE SOUTH. The Alexandria Journal of the 27th instant ta>t: " Mr. K. W. Whoat, a former merchant here, and the Re?. J Packard, former Rector of Christ Church Parish, are, by order of the War Department, to be s*nt through the lines to-mormw. We mentioned aome time since the laet of tbe#e gentleman hiving left the city and visited Wash ington without the a.d of a piss, in defiance of tbe military auihori'y, and returning thereto. Their cases were re feried to the War Department by Col. Wells, Provoat Marshal General Defences South of the Potomac, with the recommendation that tbey be tent through the lines, they having refuted to mbtcnbe to th* oath. To-day Col. Wells received an order from the War Department ap proving hit recommendation, and ordering that they be sent through the lines via Fairfax Court House They leave on tbe ten o'clock train to-morrow morning. They are both, we understand, very much opposed to taking a " foreign tour," and deem themselves very much perse cuted in not being permitted to s?t at defiance our Gov ernment and its law, ant at the same time remain under it" protection." TIIE MOVEMENT ON WILMINGTON. ASSAULT ON FORT FISHER. The Uichmond papers of Taosday, the 27th in stant, have brought within the Union lines tho first intelligence of the commencement of active operations by Admiral Porter's expedition against the fortifications of Wilmington. The following oopiesof tho rebel despatches have been forwarded by 0en. Grant: Wilmington, December 25,1364. The enemy's fleet, over fifty vessels,including two moni tors,several armed vessels and many heavily aimed frigates and sloops-of-war, made a furious attack i n Fort Fisher about one o'clock yesterday, and kept up an average fire of thirty ?hots p*r minute uutil uight. Our loss is twenty three wounded. The attack was renewed at ten o'clock this morning and hns been very furious and continuous No report of casualties to day. Col. Lamb, who is iu com mand of the fort, replied to the enemy's fire ttluwly and deliberately. This enemy, under cover of the heavy fire, landed about three brigades two and a half miles above Fort Fisher. They were immediately engaged by a son Her force. The enemy held his ground at night. Wilmington, December 2G, 18C4. The enemy's infantry attacked Fort Fisher late last night. They were repulsed with considerable loss. There was heavy rain and wind through the night. Prisoners report tbe Twenty-fourth Corps of the Yankee army pre sent, under Butler. Gen Grant has oho forwarded the following edi torial comments on the above news from one of the Richmond journals: " It will be saeu that the Yankee fleet attacked Fort Fisher about one o'clock P. M. on Saturday, and bom barded it heavily till nightfall, renewing the bombardment at ton o'clock on Sunday morning and continuing it through out the day, and that under cover of the fire of the fleet the enemy landed an infantry force above Fort Fisher, which attacked the fort on Sunday night and were repulsed. " Fort Fisher is situated on a sand spit on the right bauk of the Cape Fear river, at its mouth, twenty miles below Wilmington. The enemy, we presume, reached their position iibove the fort not by passing up the river, where they would have been obliged to run the gauntlet of the guns both of Fisher and Caswell od the left bank, but by landing on the beach east of the mouth of Cape Fear rfver. The enemy having effected a lodgment above the fort is a serious matter. It will cost double the force to dislodge him that would have prevented his landing." o THE PLAN OF ATTACK?UNOFFICIAL DETAILS. A correspondent of the Baltimore American who ac companied the fleet of Admiral Porter, writing from the steamer Santiago de Cuba, off Beaufort, in advance of the direct movement upon Wilmington, gives some interesting particulars as to the composition of the navsl and land forces, and of the plan of attack, which have not before obtained publicity. It is already known that the entire expedition is under the command of Rear Admiral David D. Porter, whose fleet consists of nearly one hundred and fifty vessels of all descriptions, including army transports, tenders, &c. The naval fleet comprises about sixty-five vessels and an aggre gate of 531 guns. The co operating land force, numbering about ten thousand men, is under command of Gen. But ler. The letter proceeds as follows: THE POINT OF ATTACK. It is proposed to commence operations upon the fortifi cations at f?ew Inlet, the eastern entrance of Cape Fear river. The main point of attack is Federal Point, the narrow strip of land which bounds the north side of New Inlet and forms a part of the east bank of Cape Fear river. Federal Point is held by a series of works, the possession of which will at once give us command of Cape Fear river and virtually close up the port of Wilmington, and by cut ting off Fort Caswell, which stands near the mouth of the river, render its possession by the rebels no longer of any avail, llence the importance of selecting New Inlet as the point of attack. The principal works commanding New Inlet are along the shore of Federal Point, the strongest being Fort Fisher, a casemated earthwork of great power, mount'iig. it is supposed, thirty six heavy guns, some of them rifles having a range of over three miles, 'ibis work stands about two hundred yards from the shore. Following the line of the shore for about three-quarters of a mile, in a southwest direction from Fort Fisher, runs a line of bat teries, five iu number, conuected by rifle-pita. Three of these batteries are casemate! and two open. The num ber of guns mounted in them is not known, but some of tbem are rifles of long range. Some three hundred yards northwest of the term mis at this line ol batteries stands what is designated as Battery Lauib, or Mound Battery, so called from its formation, it being an srtficial mound of earth some forty feet high, mounting two large guns, which are prominent objects to the e)e. A 1 ghthouse is also stationed on this mound, winch is, doubtless, of great as sistance to the bl cknde-runners in making the Inlet at night. The mound was thrown up, it is supposed, for tbe purpose of obt?ining an elevation from wnieh to throw plunging sbo* at any of our light draught monitors should they attempt t<? couie up the channel. Tbe guns of this battery c nimand the mm channel, whilst most of the guns of Foit Fisher and of the intervening batteries pom uiiri-l not only the mtin channel but kIso the Swssh cban nel, wldch runs clo*e along tre beach 11 a northeast direc tion. Tbe Utter work stands about at the entrance of the Swash channel. About two miles southeast from Fort !? isher, on Zeeke's Island which forms the southern shore of N-w Inlet, is anoiher battery of some strength, but Fort Fisher and the a jscent works are evidently tbe key to the position ; and, Federal Point one? in our hands, farewell to blockade running, at least so far as Wilmington is concerned THE PLAIT OF ATTACK. Notwithstanding the evident strength of their works, it is confidently believed that they cannot long withstand the terrible fire that can be brought to bear upon them. The combined armament of the fleet numbers fully five hundred and nmety-one guns, most of them of the largest ttalibrc, ai.d carrying a weight of metal sa'e t ? say unpre cedented in the annals of naval warfare. At least two hundred guns can be brought to bear at one time upon the works. About three or four miles up the beach from Fort Fish er is a small water batt-ry called "Half Moon Battery," numbering some two or throe guns, but doubtless it can offer very little resistance. It is not known definitely where the troops will land ? rrobably near this point, or at Myrtle Inlet or Masonboro' nlet, the latter fourteen miles from New Inlet, and the former about s?ven. THE IRON CLAD PLFET. The iron-c'ad Aft, led by the frigate Ironside*. and ac eonipanud by tfe gunboats acting aa their tend-r*. will approach Fort,Fitter fr>m the o<>rthe?st, standing close in shore in th?? Hwa*b channel until they coine within three quarters of a iai!e of the fort, or as near (bat point as the depth of the waU?r will permit?the Irons.de* standing broadside toward tbe tort, and the Monitor* ranged in a line, bows on. at convenient distance* behind the frigate In this position they will firo over the laid at tbe rebel atroagbo'd. TUP WOODEN SHIPS. Tbe frigates, slops of war, au) other larger Teasels will move in sbor.-, forming a crescent tbaped lieu of battle about one mile from thi forts, or aa near to the enemy'a work* as possible, and pour their concentrated batt-rics into the forts a la Farragut. Our wooden hulla have bfen actively preparing for thia fl^ht for tome time. " Chain armor," " splinter nettings," and other expedients to prom* ts tbe efficiency of the vessels and protect tbeui and their crew*, a? far a* possi ble, from the enemy'a guna, have btwn adopted, and it ia hoped we ahall soon bavo another great naval victory to chronicle. THE LAID FORCE Tbe troops composing tbe land force are under com mand of Major Gen. Butler, composed of the first division of the Tweuty-fifih and second dlfition of the Twenty fourth Corps, and are embaiked on board tbe following named transports : De Worley. Charles Thomaa. VVeybos sel, Pent, Idaho, L. Moore, Baltic, Haze, [Empire City, Admiral Dupoot, Montauk, H. Liviogston, John Rio*, Starlight, Ella Knight, Beaufort, Eastirn States, Albany, United States,and other vessels, name* not ascertained. The following are regiments composing the fores, aa far as ascertained at this writing : Second division Twenty-fourth Corpa, Qen. Ames? third brigade?169th New York regiment, Col. Aldeo; 115th New York, Msjor Waluth; 4th New Hampshire, Capt. Roberts; 13th Indiana, Capt. Zeut. First brigade, Col. Curtis?142d, 117th, 142d, and 3d New York. Second brigade, Col. Pennypacker?17th and 48th New York, and7<kh and 97th Pennsylvania. First division Twenty-fifth Corps, Gen C.J. Payne? first brigad-, Col. E. Wright?1st United States oolored regiment, 37tb United States colored regiment, 5th United States oolored regiment. Second brigade, Col. J. W. Ames?4 th, 6th, 30th, and 39th regiments, colored. OFFICIAL NEWS FROM WILMINGTON. The following despatch was reoeived at the Navy Department yesterday from a bearer of despatches Irom Hear Admiral Porter, who left the fleet dar ing its assault upon Fort Fisher on Sunday after noon last : Fortress Monroe, Dec. 27?9 20 P. M. Hon. Gideon Weu.es, Secretary of the Navy: Tbe powder ship was exploded within three hundred yards of Fort Either at about 2 A. M. on the 24th instant. Later in tbe day Admiral Porter attacked the fort and adjacent defences, and renewed the bombardment oa Christmas day. On each occasion we drove the rebels from their guns to the shelter of their bomb-proofs, so as to effectually sik nee their fire. In a very few minutes after the frigates and heavy sloops got into position, a detachment of troops landed on Sunday afternoon. Skirmishers then pushed up gallantly to the fort under cover of our fire. Some of the more daring actually entered the works and brought off the re bel Bag. Troops have re-embarked. Bombardment by tbe fleet continues. Tie Santiago do Cuba brings North rebel company A of the 4iiil North Carolina, captured ia a rebel earthwork to the northward of Fort Fisher by boats from the fleet. S. W. Prestos, Lieutenant United States Navy. A FAILURE OF THE LAND FORCES. From the Republican of last evening. Official information ti> the Government confirm*, ia * degree, the rebel report* in Richmond papers, seat to the c luntry by the Secretary of War, that our land and naval attack up< n Fort Fwher at the eutrance to the harbor of Wilmington (N. C.) wm a failure, if not a repulse. It was a " serious matter*'to the rebela that Geu. Butler li nded his forces on the north side of Fort Fisher, but we fear that Gen. Butler discovered that it was a "aerioua matter " to him, after he landed, that ha did not have mora troops. The ( fticiai telegram to the Government, from the bearer of despatches who arrived at Fortress Monroe last night, auGounc-tf the fact that Gen. Butler's forces attacked and entered the fort, and captured some of the g&riison and the rebel flag that wai flying from the battlements, but that they subsequently retired and re-embarked. If the announcement by an evening contemporary ia true, that " official information has been received at the War Department that our naval and military forces operating agaiuat Wilmington, North Carolina, have been withdrawn and are now at Fortress Monroe," the " failure" baa been more serious than wt* anticipated. But in the midst of numerous gloriuus victories we must expect, now and then a trifl ng repulse. ANTICIPATED VICTORIES. Special Despatch to the Neto York Commercial Advertiser. Wa.shik<jtos, Dec. 27?3 P. If. Must import int naa s from all sources baa just been offi cially received. Truly it ia beginning to " thunder all arouud," and before many days Admiral Porter and Gen. rbomtts will probably present valuable New Year'a gifts to the na'ion?the former Fort* Fiaher and Caswell, and the latter a splendid victory over the army of Hood?while G n. Shermau will doubtless add Augusta aa kis New Year'a lift- . ??. 1 he War and Navy Departments have both received ad vice* from the army and fleet operating againatthe defences of Wilmington. The intelligence is highly favorable, and givea the aciurance ol almost immediate ?ucc-?s. Tbe Secretary of the Navy declares that Admiral Por ter's part of the expedition will accomplish all that was expected of it. Its object if now deolared to be the cap ture of Forts Caswell and Fisher, thns hermetically closing that entrepot of the Southern States. Then Gen. Butler will be prepared t? operate directly against Wilmington. Tbe intelligence from Geu. Sbermau is also of the highest importance. In bis despatch announcing the fall of Sa Vdfinah lie stated to tbe Secretary of War that he iutendad to move up tbe Savannah river immediately and oapture Arguntn, tbe most valuable objective pouit in the South. The news to-day is that he has already moved up the river. Sberuitn a!* > says that, when this succe?s waa obtained, he would swing around upon the rear of Charleston and cap tare that city, destroying all its railroad communication on his way. 'the news from Gen. Thotuaa ia glorious. He has brought Hood to a stand on the north bank of the Tennes ?ee. The river las been rendered impassable by heavy flo ds, and Hood is without artillery or pontoon bridges. (4? n Thomas proposes to move upon the hastily con structed work?, and force Hood to fight <r surrender. Thu? will the rebel army be virtually annihilated. This i? really glorious news with which to close the year and will cause groat rejoicing throughout the country. i KR3IULE RAILROAD CASUALTY. from the Vhttland Leader of December 2ith It is our painful duty to reeord another terrible railroad ca'anoitjr, by wbioh five persons lost their lives, and a large number have been seriously if not fatally injured. Tbe accident happened to the mail train on tbe Cleveland and Pittsburg road, wh ch left this city at eight o'clock yester day morning. The train hal arrived at aamall trestlework bridge, about a mile north of Hudson, when ths loootno tive struck a rail which, it is supposed, bad been broken or diaplaced by the frost Tbe locomotive, bsggage oar, and the first passenger coach passed safely over, bat the s >c >ud coach struck the bridge, entirely demolishing It. and precipitatirg the second and third coaches into the ravine?the recond breaking in two and falling on the west aide of the bridge, where it was entirely destroyed by fire; and tbe third falling on tbe east side, where it bow lias, pretty badly smashed up. After passing the bridge tbe first passerg-r coach caught fire from the upsetting of the stoves, and was completely snnisniril At soon m they coold extricate themselves from tbe wreck thoee of the patseugers who were uninjured immediately aet to work removing the deid and tboae who were wounded and us able to free themselve# from the uimi of aests, cuahions. broken w ndow* burning coals, Ac., under which they were buried Among the first taken out waa Oliver H. Perry, of tbia city- wbn bad with him hla gun fend a valua ble drg. being on * hunting excuraion. a pastime which ha dearly loved. The moat melancholy and heart-rending be reavem^nt ia that of tbe little daughter of J. H. Robin ' ton. Her father, mother, and aclf were on their way frcui their borne in Michigan to make a holyday visit to friend* in Penmylvatiia, when death, unheralded and ua thought of, ,hua rudely tore them from her, and abe is left alone in this wide world an orphan. Her lamentation* warn piteoua in tbe extreme. Some of the wounded were taken to boutea in the vieibity of tbe areident; bnt tbe doitd and tbe greater portion of the injured were removed to Hudaon aa apeedily at po?iib>, where tbe killed warn waahml and laid oat. side by aide, in an unoooupied hotel, and the wounded received every attention, medical and otherwise, at the handa of the good people of Hedeon Tbe produce of oranges on many plantations in Lo?iai-< ana will be this seaeon m?eh In untie of sugar or gotten.