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Weekly national intelligencer. [volume] (Washington [D.C.]) 1841-1869, December 29, 1864, Image 2

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CONGRESS.
aPtX'iAD OA'illS FOR THE CITIZENS OT
WASHINGTON
Id the Senate, cn the t^lnt December, the fol
lowing resolution was called up :
Retolved, That the Committee on the DiStric ol Columbia
ie iiiBtiuoied to inquire iuto ibe expediency and propriety of
ieouiriiiK all resicents ot the District of Columbia to take
and tile with the provost warslail ot s*id District au oath of
alieu'.ance or fidelity to the Government ol the Uuiteo States
similar to thi catli rtqnired by law ot Members and Serutore
lnCoDitres" aud ott.er officers of the Government; and also
the expediency and propriety ol prohibiting all persona fr. m
doing i.neiutth in said District or with th? seveial Depart
mem of the Government who have not or may not take and
tile such oatb; ai d thai said committee bavo lenve.to report,
by bUl or otherwise.J
Mr. SUMNER. I wish to thank the Senator from Iowa
lor introducing this proposition, and at the same time to
call ibe attention of the t-enate to a bill which id on theit
calendar which 1 bad the honor of introducing at the last
lession, but which, for some unaccountable reason, un
known to me, ha? been reported upon adversely by the
Committee on the Judiciary, requiring that same oaih to
be taken by the practitioners in the courts of the United
States.- lam told that there are lawyers in the city ot
W ashirgton who decline to practice in the courts here be
cause tLey are unwilling to take the oath which you, s:r,
have taken, and which the Chief Justice of the Uuited
States only tbe other day took before he entered upon his
Junctions; and yet these same lawyers flaunt in tbe Su
preme Court of tbe United States. That ought to be
stopped; and I give notice therefore that, carrying out
Ibe spirit of the tesolution of the Senaior from Iowa, I
shall ask tbe attention of the Senate as soon n? possible to
that bill , ,
Mr. SAULSBURY. It ik not my intention to discuas
at any length this resolution. I would take that oath my
self very willingly, although I believe, as far as relates
tomemberB ol Congress, it is wholly ^unconstitutional. 1
do nolo! ject to it, as far as it could relate to myself, be
cause ot any thing other than ita unconstitutionality; but I
r< gard it, it it tbculd pass, us one of those acts of unneces
sary oppression 011 the part of the Government which in
times like these ought to be avoided. Is there any evi
dence before this Senate that the old inhabitants ol this
city, those of them who tare living here, have given uny
trouble.to this Government, or even to this Administration 1
They ale without a voice in the Government, and they
have been sitting quietly at home, doing naught, a? appears
irom any evidence, that is wrong toward this Govern
ment ; and shall not this Administration and its supporters,
ust coming into power again, flushed with, victory, and
dreaming perhaps of the perpetuation cf their power for
years to come, be satisfied with present victory over poli
tical opponents, but shall they pursue them into the quiet
walks ol life, seek out the h gh-toned, honorable men and
women of this city, and compel them to subscribe to any
lorm ot oath that may be dictated by a member of this
Seuate.or by a supporter of this Administration, or by any
body elte 1 When a man is quietly pursuing his business,
will you not let him rest in peace if he is doin^ naught
against yon, or will you bunt him down ? Will you try to
drive bim out from the community ?
Sir, 1 do not say that the honorable Senator who intro
duced this resolution meant it as an act of oppression, but
it is such in its nature aud in its character, and it ought
cot to be tolerated by this Senate. The honorable Sena
tor must have a very high appreciation of the enemies of
this Government, whom he regards as traitors, if he sup
poses that a simple oath would bind them. Does the hon
orable fcenator think that a man who would be guilty of
treason would be bound by an oath? What is the object,
therefore, of introducing it?
Sir, whtu I first came to this city six years Rgo, the
population in it was very different lrom what it 19 now.
Gentlemen engaged here in business, it may be, are envied
of their situation by persons from distant States and dis
tant sections of the country, who think tbey are living
prosperously, and who suppose that by their removal from
business their own private stores will be iucre&sed. If t'ue
object be, therefore, to give to the supporters of this Ad
ministration all 1 lie business of this city, if it be to drive I
out every body from this city w ho will not tamely and qui
etly subu it to take any and every oath which may be pre
sented tbem?if that be the object, I submit that the Sen
ator cught to reflect at least before he attempts to fores
the passage of such a measure through this body. Re
garding it simply as an act ol oppression, believing that no
possible good, but ?.nl> evil, can reault from it, I shall con
tent myself with simply objecting to its passage, and re
corditg my vote in opposition to it. <
Mr. HaRLAN. I think the Senator from Delaware
misapprehends the purport of the resolution. It is only a
resolution instructing the committee to nmke an inquiry on
this subject. It is barely possible that the committer
might report adversely to any legislation. 1 am lrank to
st?w, however, that I think some such legislation is uices
sary, usl ought to be bad. It is not intswlsd t<? require
opponents ot the Administration per si to take an oath ol
fidelity to the Administration as a political organization,
but an oath of fidelity to the Government itsell during the
existence of a gigauuc rebellion. 1 am helloed to thirk
that a casual listener to the speech ol the Senate would
suppose that be regarded himseli as implicated in Ibo in
quirythat, because he opposed some of the political me?
?ures of tbe Administration, therefore he must be consid
ered as an opponent of the Government itself, and there
tore is iu alliance or in sympathy with the rebels, lie
argues as if he supposed ad opponents of tb? Administra
tion were rebels. 1 apprehend that no Senator on this floor
would maintain for a moment that an aiieu enemy has a
right to remain here and do business in the capital of the
nation in time of war, aud that the Government would have
no right to make use of tbe necessary means to eipelhirn
And if so, why may uot tbe Government expel from the
capital a domestic enemy duriDg the existence of a great
armed rebellion? 'Ibe right to do ?o, in my opinion, is
clear. Tbe only question is one of expediency aud pro
priety. I do not ttunk such legislation can be properly
denominated a measure ol persecution against political op
ponents ol the party in power; and I think tbe Senator
does himself aud bis political friends gross injustice )n
throwing out such an intimation. He surely does not de
sire the mass ot tbe people of this country to understand
that be and his political associates are opponents of the
Government of the United States and are m sympathy and
alliance with tbe rebels. And yet he argues as if iu bis
tudgment opposition to the rebels was in some way detri
mental to tne Democratic party. But if that is nof wbat
be means bis whole speech is without pertinence.
1 think this inquiry would be well enough, and in my
opinion such legislation would be proper. 'Ibe cominitb-?
may differ with me in opinion; and if tbe committee should
agree with me in opinion, a majority of the Senate might
differ with me. I think that no evil at leist can grow out
of tbe inquiry, and I therefore desire the passage of the
resolution.
Mr. HAlTLSBURY. Mr.President, I shall make no re
ference to tbe personal allusions of tbe honorable Senator
to myself. If he really is pained at tbe idei that by any
remarks I have made public suspicion, or even private sus
picion, may be aroused that 1 aui not true to the Govern
ment of tbe United States, and am in sympathy with those
whom be styles rebels, let me tell him that bis sympathy
is wasted, i Lose who choose to regard me and my politi
cal associates as in sympathy with rebellion are welcome
to tbe indulgence of their very charitable opinion. I shall
do naught, a? a member of this body or in private life, to
remove auy such suspicion from their minds. I know vei;y
well the distinction between tbe Government of tbe United
States and tbe Administration at the present time. I know
they are asunder as far as the poles; that tbey approach
each other no nearer than heaven and earth approach each
other; but I know tbe doctrine attempted to be inculcated
at the present day by a large number ot people in this coun
try and by a very influential piess, that the Government is
tbe Administration, and tbe Administration is the Govern
ment. 1 see no objection on all proper occasions to any
man and every man in tbe United Situ* taking an oath to j
support tbe Government of the United States aud tbe Con
stitution of the United States. But, sir, tha honorable Sen
ator does not live in tbe section that some of us do. He
has not seen tbe progress that these measures have made.
He has not beard it announced, perhaps, as we have, that
it is traitorous to oppose tbe acts of toe Administration in
times 1 ke these, lie has nut heard voters at tbe polls
questioned in reference to their fidelity to an Administra
lion, not their fidelity to a Government or to a Constitu
tion. Sir, bad the honorable Senator lived in the section
lrom which I come, had be lived in w hat was once tbegli*
rious and gallant State of Maryland?if, the Senator fr-m
Maryland (Mr. JoHlsoR) will pardon me?which is now
tbe province of Maryland, uuder tbe acts of this Adminis
tration, he would have seen how the very inception of such
measures as this worked injury, and how in their progress
tbey work harder. But, sir, I do not intend to be provoked
(tl 1 may use that term) into any lengthy dmcnssion on this
question. I believe tbe proposition is wrong 111 principle,
unprecedented in practice, can be attended with no po??i
bie good, aud will be oppressive in iU operation
Mr McDGUGALh. Mr. President, during the period
of the present lamentable war tbere has been no time w ben
tbe people of the District of Colombia have made any de
monstration against tbe Government or tbe Administration
1 hat is a simple fact bound to be admitted. Wbat occa
aion there can be lor this special legislation, I cannot com
prebend 'lhat the people of tbe District of Columbia, a
people who are to a certain extent ignored in our Govern
ment, and who have no right of suffrage in Ibe establish
rnent of the t eamal Government, should be particularly
proscribed or called upon specially to take special oaths,
man by man, is someibiug which 1 do not understand. I
caunot understand it, particularly at this time, when, if
there ever was a time lor it, tbe policy of conciliation
should be tbe policy of the Government. We have tn
umpbtd io aruis; jubilunte hss been and from north to
south, from ea.t to west tnroun'i .ut all the land for what
we have accompl shed, And r.y require this pa<ticular
thing 01 the people of this I)-met? What is tbe occa
sion which has demanded it ' I would think it strange if
I were demanded to go thiols b Uiat PfOMM, bui to A?
mudit of!the people el the District of Columbia, to go
through the whole population aud require them to do thii
Z o?jr .oleum ?l?,r,?
tbip in tbi. District, is a strange P^P0*^00 * (J, it
should lik.' to know from some on? the good reason for it.
We bave been bere, most of us, during the whole period
of tbis war. We bave seen uo disturbance here. We
have beard of men going to the Capitol PrJ^?^?''
we bave teen no disturbance, we bave seen nothing tha
required any particular legi.lat.on to compel the p^ople o
thr District ot Columbia, who are deprived of ? FJ
of the rights ol American c.tizens by virtue ?f the.rre.1
denoe, to do thing, which are not required of the Other
citizens of the Kepublio I look upon it, I cwnot otherw. e
than look upon it, as an oppressive and wrongful ?t
Course tin* n only a resolution of inquiry, but aU Itw
thing* tend to agitation. 1 say that to-day our policy .. or
should be a policy of conciliation.
but 1 Wish to say tbe the sugg ^ ^ iufficieQt arRUmetit
oVuppoft " ri^utiou unless in addition to that he is able
to suppi rt n n^jjok, that the true interests of tbe Gov
eroment require"the people of this Dirtrict to be placed in
eminent rt j ^ . b th re?t 0f the citizens ol the
Does tie Senator say that 7 He ha. not
LS it so fur as 1 have heard his argument. When this
' broke out 1 have no doubt that there were many c tt
ze"s of the District ol Columbia who ?ypP*^'1* with
fbe Southern movement; but the proceedings of the Ad
ministration, not then eupported by law, in many instances,
have sent many of these people to the P??8 ???? ** *
been sent across the lmes-and now, within the last year
is the Senator able to say that the people of the District
of Columbia are less true to the Government in the dis
charge of all their obligations than the citizens of any other
nortion of th* country 7 . ...
I take it, sir, that although this is a mere inquiry, the
adoption ol the resolution casts a suspicion upon the fide,
ity of the people of this District to their obligations to the
Government. II the Senator from Iowa proposed a reso
lution instructing one of. the committee! to inquire into
the propriety ot requiring the citizens of Indiana to take
.uchPL <mlh ?? i. required of the rut o( b. pe?P ?
of the country, would it not be my duty, aud the duty of
my colleague, if that proposition were uot supported by a
strong arra^ of farts to justify it, to protest against an
imputation by tbe Senate against the fidelity of the people
of ^bat state to their Government 7 If, then, as the re
preventative of that State, such would be my duty, is it.
uot the duty of the Senators who do not believe that the
people of the District of Columbia are untrue to their ob
ligation to the Government, to protest, as their representa
tives 1 They have no special representative on this Hour,
there is no Senator here whose duty it is specially to stand
up for their honor. 1 think it is the duty, then, of every
Senator to see that no unjust imputation is made against
them. When we instruct a committee to inquire into a
thing of that soit, the presumption arises that there is
sonic ground for that inquuy. V> hat is the ground ! Men
have been arrested here; they have been sent to prison.
Thev have been arrested in the Senator's own State ; they
bave been charged with disloyalty there, and bliye keen
sent to the prisons;* but is that arbitrary conduct on the
nart of the Administration any reason why the benate
should place a brand of suspicion on a part of th* people
of this country 7 , .
Ah I suggested yesterday, I am opposed to a resolution
that contemplates the increase of oaths in this country.
Why does the Senator intimate by his resolution that it is
necessary to pass a law to require the people to take an
oath of this sort 7 Have these oaths been required of the
people without authority of law all over the country 7 It
Eas been done in Indiana, in Keutucky, and, I venture to
say in the Senator's own State, without authority of law.
Then does the tenator by this inquiry intend to be under
wood as sajing that the Administration has pursued a
course not authorized by law in this respect ? \ ery many
men very many honest men, very many trii" citizens have
been' required to subscribe oaths to protect the,r persons
and their property. The Senator by this resolution inti
mates that that is all wrong and illegal. I grant that it is.
It la a shame that without authority of law any man has
been required to take an oath which is not required of the
rest of the people. . ...
But sir, in uiy judgment it does not promote the fidelity
of the people to tbe institutions of the country to require
an oath like this. It tends to promote and encourage per
jury Swearing men upou every trivial occasion does not
promote the cause of truth, in my judgmeut, and I think
one of the evils of the country is that we require men to
swear upon almost every occasion, wheu entering into the
most unimportant office and discharging the most trivia
duties. 1 find uiy views upon that particular point so well
expressed by one of tbe ablest writers in our language that
I will read from " Kukles's History of Civilization in
England" a short extract: It is from the first volume,
page 250:
I ' It is tb'n sorp tion ,u to the motives of others which Iir*
Kiven riM to ohiU* ot tvery Uiud ?"?? m ?v?,ry direction. In
fcntflai 4 even the boy at college is forced to swear about mat
Sh winch lie < Hi,Dot onderaMn.J, aud which far r.p.r uiu.de
are unable to master. 11 he afterwards goes into Parliament he
must afjain swear about his religion.
As ue Senators are required to swfar that we are true
to our couutry.
"And at nearly every etage orpcliticul life he mnst uke
fre>*h oaths, the solemnity ol which is < ft^n strangely con
trotted with tbe trivial functions to which they are tbe pre
hide A t" lrum aojuraiion of the Deity being thus m u? ht
every turn, it ha, happened, a# might have been expected.
that oaths, enjoined as a matter ot course, have at length d?
irene'Hted into a matter of form. Winn ta lightly t-tken is
L?ly broken. Aud the b?*t observer, of English societv ?
observers, U(Pl whose characters ure very ditlerent, and wlij
hold the most opposite opiuious?ai e all agreed on this, that ,
tne perjury habiiually practiced in England, and ol
Government ii the immediue creator, U so peueral that it has
become a s- arce of na?i >nal corruption hai diminished the
vrtlue of human te?ttmony, aud sbaktii tbe confidence which
men naturally p ace in the word of tueir lellow creatures
What does the Senator from Iowa wish to reach by his
proposition, the opinions or the conduct of men7 It he
wishes to strike at th* conduct of men that is properly
reached through tbe courts. If men in the District of Co
lumbia have been guilty of such acts as the law condemns,
th- courts lu the District ol Columbia are open ; they can
be tried and convicted. If the Senator wishes to reach the
opinions, the convictions of citizens, 1 protest against a
policy which ha* proved prejudicial and hurtlul to govern
ment wherever it has been adopted. You cannot correct
the opinions of men by requiring them to take oaths. It
is one of the evils that England lor the last twenty years
has been abandoning, and I hope that our own country
will not adopt a policy which experience ha* shown that
the older Governments of the world ought to abandon and
are abandi ning.
Mr HARLAN. The Senator from Indiana addressed
himself very direclly, and I thought somewhat personally,
to tne. lie propounded a number of inquiries, one of
which was whether I was disposed to cast suspicion on
tbe people of tbe District of Columbia as to their loyalty.
1 do not think that this is a legitimate login* c inclusion
to be drawn from the adoption of the resolution,, no more
than it would bave been from the passage of the law re
quiring members of Congress to take a similar oath. I did ,
not infer from the passage of that law that any person vot
ing for it supposed that a majority of the members of this
body, or any of them, were unfaithful to the Government:
but it was supposed to ba barely possible that some one or
more pereons ungat'^presetit themselves here and claimed
seats who had been engaged in this rebellion, and for the
purpose of ferreting out the few possible cases the general
rule was adopted lequiring all to take the prescribed oath.
Now. sir, this is not unusual. It is not unusual for cum
mufjities to institute a search of every house in a town
where n burglary may have been committed, not that it is
supposed that the majority of the people of the t wn are
burglars, but because it is known that the law has been ,
violated, and that goods have been stolen and hidden away,
and that thete is probably a thief in the community; and
for tbe purpose of ferreting out the thief and ascertaining
w here the goods are, all the citixens submit to a search
No man permitting his house to be searched supposes he
will be regarded ai in complicity with the thieves. The
general search is made for the purpose of protecting each
one from the consequences of unjust suspicion. And eu I
apprehend we may justify the passage ol a law requiring
every member of Congress to take an oath of fidelity to the
Government, not because it is supposed that a majority of
them, or any considerable number of them, lack fidelity,
but because it is believed that some may possibly present
themselves who are unworthy of trust; and to avoid the
consequences of unjust suspicion on any one member tha
general rule is adopted requiring all to take the oath Now,
sir, the proposition that 1 make, if adopted by Congress,
will screen each individual from nnjust suspicion, and yet
aflord means of detecting the guilty parties whose con
tinuance in our midst may enable them t<> aflord assist
ance to the public enemy.
I bfl 8**nnt??r ids toitut** whether I Kn*w o! any
facts that would justify the passage of any such law as the
I resolution contemplates. 1 am amazed that any one could
a?k such a question as that who has lived in this District
for a single month We all know that there are people
living in this District who are not only in sympatb) with
rebellion, but who embrace every available opportunity to
aid the rebels in arms against their Government, who car
ry goods through the lines on every occasion that they can
maKe ararable, and who send the proceeds of their trades
and of tbfrir professions to their s >ns, and brothers, and
husbands iri the rebel srmy, so that we are, in harboring
tbem in our midst, indirectly supporting the rebellion. In
rny opinion, we have a right to drive tbem from this com
mtinity.
Hut tbe Senator inquired whether 1 Wutild propose any
such law for Indiana, 'ihere is a marked difference bt
tween the political Condition of this District and thsrt ef ft
rtiale. Congress has "exclusive jurisdiction" over this
District, ha? a rigbt to prescribe ail its iaws. It hss not
the ri?ht thus to legislate for a sovereign Htate, And
hence the distinction is clear between the political rondi
tion of I he people of a State aud tbe political c.ndit on of
the people of this District. He said that the people of the
Dutriol iiftd uv iepi'OseuUktive iu tbu body. Blf, wo fere
fell the representative* of tbii District, and are bound by
Our oaths to legislate in good faitb for their welfare ; and
iu my opinion every loyal citizen of this District would
thank Congress fur the adoption of any measure calculated
to drive from their midst aiders and abettors of the rebel
lion. In my opiniou this resolution ought to pas*; I think
a law on this subject ought to be enacted, but I aui con
tent to leave that question with the committee appointed
to take the immediate oversight of the interests of the
District.
Mr. SAUL8I3URY. 1 wish to ai>k the Senator from
Iowa a question. Suppose his resolution should be passed
and an inhabitant ot this District should refuse to take the
prescribed oath, what does he propose to do in such a case
as that ?
Mr. HARLAN7. 1 think the Senator from Delaware
misapprehends the whole purport of the resolution. It is
a resolution of instruction, instructing the Committee on
the District ot Columbia to inquire into the propriety and
expediency of such a law, and that is the whole of it. If
tbey should report a bill on the subject, and the question
should then pertinently arise which has been propounded
by the Senator, I should take great pleasure in attempting
to answer it.
Mr. 8AULSBUKY. Tfce experience of Senators in this
body shows that when an inquiry of this character is di
rected, the committees generally report iu accordance
with the suggestions contained in the resolutions directing
the inquiry. The Senator suggests that this is only an in
quiry, and that no harm can result from it. For myself,
believing that a report of the character that be wishes
made will be made, and as he himself says it is barely
possible the committee will not report favorably, I have
felt it my duty to oppose even the inquiry. The commit
tee cannot report u bill upon this subject that will not be in
violation of the Constitution of the United States. lithe
committee report a bill saying that an oath of this charac
ter shall be administered to every inhabitant of this Dis
trict, and to every person doing business in this District,
they must provide some mode of compelling the party to
take it in case of refusal. Now, what is the Constitution
of the United States, and wherein would a bill with any
penalty?a penalty, for instance, of removal from the Dis
trict in case of non-compliance with it?be violative of
the Constitution? Iu this respect the Constitution pro
vides that?
" No person shall be held to answer lor a capital or other
wise iufumous .crime uules^ 011 a presentment or indictment
of a ^rand jury;" .... " nor shall he be compelled iu any
criminal case to be a vsituem against himself, or be deprived
of life, liberty, or property without due process of law.".
Now, I apprehend it will bo very difficult for the Dis
trict Committee to frame a law allowing a trial by jury for
the purpose of compelling a person to take the oath I
presume the punishment woull be more summary than
such as could be administered by a court upon conviction
by a jury. It might be exportation from the District, and
that would be depriving a persi 11 of his liberty w.thout due
process ol law. It might be taking away his property, and
clearly that would be a violation ot the Constitut on
The question beinj; takeD,/the resolution was passed by
the following vote:
Yeas?Messra. Anthony, Clark, Collamer, Conntss, Dixon,
Farwell, Foot, Foster, Giirnes, Hale. Harlan, Howard, Lane
of Indiana, Laue ot Kansas, Morgan, Pomeroy Sherman,
bpragae, Sumner, Ten Eyck, Trumbull, Van Wnkle, il
kiuson, and Willey?24.
Navs?Messrs. Brown, Buckalew, Cowan, l>ivj?, Ileu
derson, Hendricks, Johmon, Powell, liichardson aud Sauls
bury?10.
Absent?Mexers. Carlile, Chandler, DoolittU, Harding,
Harris, Hicks, Howe, McDougatl, Morrill, Nesmii.li, Kauisay,
Kiddle, Wade, Wilson,and Wright?15.
MISCELLANEOUS ITEMS.
The Tobacco Tax;?The Commissioner of Intrtru&l
Reveuue hits made the following decision in reference to
twist tobacco:
Section D4 of the act of June provides tliat on caven
dish, plug, twist, and all other kinds of manufactured to
bacco, not herein provided for, from which the stem has
been taken out in whole or in part, or which it sweetened,
there shall be levied, collected, and paid a duty ol thirty
five cents per poind. Uuder this provision it is held that
when the stem, in whole or in part, is removed from the
natural leaf, and the leaf thus prepared is rolled or wound
by hand or machinery into a "twist," though it is not
sweetened, preserved, or otherwise prepared, luch twist
is clearly subject to the duty of tbirtyfive cents per pound*,
Steam Plowing in Englaho.?The farnuri in Eng
land are forming societies for the purpose of profitably
employing the steam plow to cultivate their land. It is
said to be vastly superior to the old system of plowing by
horae draught. The time required in turning'over the soil
is to much reduced that every advantage can be taken of
the weather, and even wet days present no such obstacles
to work with steam plow as with the old one The earth
is more effectually turned over, and more thoroughly and
exactly prepared for the reception of the seed; and, above
all, money is saved not only iu the cost of tilling but in the
enhanced value of the crops, resulting from the improved
method of cultivation. Companies are formed for plowing
and thrashing by steam, who rent to the farmers the use of
their apparatus, and they are said to earn a very large
dividend ; so that the new system must be profitable both
to the farmer aud the plowing company.
STORV of a Horn.?A somewhat interesting case, in
volving the ownership of a silver fire-horn, was heard be
fore Alderman Welding yesterday aiternooo. It seems
that the prosecutor in the case was, until recently, a resi
dent of Atlanta, where he was the presideutof a fire corn
pai.y: ile had in his possession a handsomely-finished fire
horn, presented to the company by the ladies of Atlanta.
At the time Sherman took possession of the city, the in
habitants were ordered to leave, and the prosecutor left
behind him the horn. Yesterday, while walking along the
street, he saw a gentleman with a fire-horn under hn arm.
Upon f xamiuation it proved to be the idetitionl fire-born he
had left m Atlanta. The party in whoae possession the
horn was, was taken into custody and arraigned before
Alderman Welding, where he stated he had purchased the
horn ol a pedlar lor eighty dollars. The gentleman is a
member ol a very respectable firm in this city, and his
story is no doubt true. 1 low the horn ever found it* way
to this citjr is a mystery. The Alderman b:dds tbe cise
uuder advisement.?I'liihidil/ihia Apr, 'iUh.
Damaur froM 8ot?A in Washing.?Thirty years ago
the linen parts ol shirts were worn out before the cotton ;
now it is the reverse, aud both perish much sooner than
tbey used to; the Oott m does not list a third as long, in
the experience of some of our acquaintance. This hasty
rotting ol cotton fabrics is ascribed to the hasty processus
of bleaching, and to tho excessive use of soda in washing,
but, in the worst cases, chiefly to the latter. A prudent
housekeeper should watch to prevent her servants from
using soda to save themselves labor; servants hive been
known to buy it with their own money for that purpose.
As for those who depend on laundresses, there is no reine
dy but to find, if possible, a laundress who makes clothes
last well. The use of a good washing apparatus should
abate this mischief?American Artisan
Interesting Cawulatioh.?The following, from the
Christian Observer, is commended to tbe reader who
chews tobacco:
" Allow that a young man, who is a confirmed tobacco*
chewer, may live twenty five years. In each day there
will issue from bis mouth ball a pint of fluid too uunse
ously disgusting to describe. In twenty-five years this
will amount to five hundred and fifty gallons, or more than
four hogsheads of this detestable mass. In the same time,
allowing h;ui onfy two ounces a day, be will roll as a sweet
morsel under his tongue half a ton of the hateful weed,
which will sicken a dog or kill a horse, farming a heap ol
the nza of a hay stack. Then bis rejected quids would
form a still larger pile. Now, if such a young man could
see ten half hogsheads full of abominable filth, destined to
pass through his mouth?a wagon load of tobacco, and ten
wheelbarrows heaped up with quids, designed for an
equally intimate association with his lips, how would the
prospect affect him ? "
KESULTS OF THE FALL CAMPAIGN.
'.i he New York Commercial, surveying the results of the
autumnal campaign, recalls to mind that during sixty days,
commencing wiih Sheridan's victory in the Sheiundoah on
the IT tb of Cc.i ber, we have captured two hundred and five
cannon, fifty of which were taken near Winchester, thirty
five at Plymouth. North Carolina, and sixty-:?ne in Tennes
see, by Gen. Thomas. During this period we have captured
twenty-eight thousand eipht hundred prisoners, and in
addition to these the enemy have lost at least nine thou
sand in killed and wounded Within this time, also, twenty
five rebel Generals have been pUcjd hors derombat, while
but five Union flenerals have been wounded and one killed.
Since the middle of October two hundred miles of railway
have been destroyed by Gen. Sherman, ten miles by Gen.
Gregg, and twenty five by Gen. Warren, and miscellaneous
losses have b;en inflicted on the enemy as follows: In
Georgia, $10 000,000 worth, of cotton destroyed and
bonded, twelve thousand mules and horses captured ; in
Missouri, one l.undr.d wagona and five hundred cattle
captured; in Virginia, eighteen hundred- catt'e and one
thousand sheep captured by Sheridan, and ijti 000,000
worth of property, in mills, grain, A c. destroyed ; in Mis
sissippi, twenty six hundred bales of cotton, with several
lor .motives and nrs, destroyed; in Tennessee, flood's
wagon trains, camp equipage, At< , with six railroad trains
Captured; in N. Carolina, stores to the value of $ I, 000,000
burned. These figures, Urge as they are, do not probably
include one fourth of tbe general lo??es sustained by the
enemy during the iast six months on lar d, while tin the
sea th^y have been equally unfortunate in the capture of
at least a dojten biockade-runners, and the sinking of the
ram Albemarle and the pirates Florida and Sea King.
1'iiJC BEO'OMJ ?' rlLL tiLAii \AfltlViLi?L.
lib Nttiiiiville Uu on gi a graphic aOOount of the de
cide battle between Thorn and Hood 0Q Ffiday( the
16th instant, from wbicil we> coj..^ ft,n0WUJg .
the REUKL pos1tior tH Kl. vy MOKN1Nti
liood had falleu back to a atron* poa. hu ,eft re<tio
on a rHRe of bill, .orne bix mile. *?? . the oit ftud
hi? right on what i? aometime. called tbeOvv?0(1 ^ug
completely covering the Frauklin pike, by wh> ^ j|ope(j
aud expected to retreat, if compelled to do ?o ak ,|. ?,](j
the lesson be bad received on the day previous w.'^k
ai to prepare bim lor a retrograde movement, notv..^.
atandiDg hit belligerent cjualitieB. At,about .even hu.
dred yard* in iront of the color noes was a weaK line of
entrenchments for skirmishers; then some three hundred
ards to the rear was a line of breastworks of considera
le strength, which was strongly defended by infautry and
artillery, thus leaving u spaco of about four hundred yards
in front of the main line, which was a nearly level open
cornfield, over which our men would have to charge, even
after they had secured the first line of works; though
Hood even believed himself capable of holding them, as
the positiou was very commanding.
Being thus protected on either flank the rebel General
was confident that nothing but a direct attack could be
possible, and ample preparations had been made to meet it.
Lee's corps was posted on the right, Stuart held the cen
tre, and Cheatham the left; and Hood enjoined them, as I
learned from prisoners, not to yield an inch, " but rather
die in their tracks."
THOMAS'S ORltEU OP ATTACK.
^ur forces moved out in the morning in the follow;ng
order:
1. A. J.Smith's corps on the right, and covering the Gran
ny White ribs
The Fourth Corps immediately to the left, the first divi
sion iu the centre, the second on the left, uud ihe third on (he
right. Tlie first divicion was commanded by Geu. Kimball,
the eecond l>y Geu Elliott, and the third by Geo. lieaUy.
Ttiene advanced on Frankliu pise, the first division resting
its left upon it.
?' Sieedm'in's corps moved out of the Mnrfreesboro pike,
with instructions to gradually move to the light and join on
tlie Fourth Corps. His commund consisted ot the division of
Gen. Cruit nnd two brigades of colored troops, the latter be
iu/{ on the extreme left.
?1 The'I wenty-third Corps, uudor General Schofield, was
placed in reserve near the right of Smith, to be brought into
rue for Hanking puiposes.
?>. '1 lie cavalry were sent down the Hilhborough pike, with
orders to operate on the range of hills to which 1 have re
ferred, aud il possible intercept the rebel retreat or worry his
flasks.
At each step of our advanco a heavy line of skirmishers
was thrown out as pioneers, aud when these had reported
all clear, or driven the rcbals back, batteries were pushed
forward, which indulged in a few shells, when the skirm
ishers were again ordered (in. In this way a mile and a
balfol ground was passed over, until our lines had ad
vanced about half a mile beyond the Thompson place,
which is four aud a half miles from tbe city, when the rebel
skirmish line came into lull view, and definite information
as to their general position began to be attainable; their
main works were yet invisible, though their front line was
plainly seen. Here a halt was ordered.
KEELINC THE ENEMY.
It was now about ten o'clock, and all the batteries that
could be advantageously employed were brought to the
front, and commenced shelling the rebels with great vigor,
which they continued to do for half un hour. The roar of
the cannon at this time was deafening, and so many were
the guce at work that it was continuous. The rebels re
plied but feebly; but this was not for a laclt of artillery so
much as a desire to keep the exact position of most of their
guns concealed, and to save ammunition. Having ascer
tained all that was necessary, the Twenty-third Corps was
ordered out on the Granny White pike, with directions to
tnkn up a position on the left flank of the enemy, skirmish
with him until his position wmascertained, and then, care
fully concealing their strength, remain quiet until certain
signals were given, when they were to go for the rebel left
with all the vigor and dash in their power.
Gen. Sleedman punhod out upon the Mnrfreesboro pike
till he was satisfied that there weie no rebels upon it, when j
he brought his column to it half-wheel, and moved iu tbe
direction of the Franklin road, to turn Hood's right, and
to form Wood's Fourth Corps. At first he met little re
sistance, but as he piessedon the resistance was strength
ened, and by the time he had formed the junction, which
was about L'i o'clock in the afternoon, he was confronted
by a strong force of Leo's corps, ready to fight as long and
as stoutly as they could.
TEItRIBLE FIGHTING,
While theso flanking operations were in progress it be
came necessary to capture the first line of rebel works,
aud the chief part of the task fell upon tho first division of
the Fourth Corps, though it was supported by the others
as far as was necessary. The position, as I have before
stated, was very strong, and tbe fortifications themselves
were by no means weak ; and Ihe grouud to be charged
over was an arcent of at least ten degrees, and, though
mostly a wocd, there were only large trees, which operated
as a very poor shelter for assailants.
The men moved up in a most gallant style; for whoever
heard of the Fourth Corps doing otherwise? The shout
raised was loud and long ; one volley was fired, and then,
with bayonets fixed, onward went tho men, until more
than half the space over which they had to go was passed,
when a slight halt, a load, and another volley was the pre
lude to a second yell and charge. The men halted no
more till within fifty yards of the rebel works, when tho
deadly fire which met them caused them to halt and re
turn it In this position?both parties firing furiously
the belligerents remained at least five minutes. A section
of artillery employed by the rebels could no longer be
used, so close w?s the range; and th^re were indication*
that the gunners were about to attempt to move them off
when nir gallant men determined to secure them a? tro
phies, and once more eos-iyed to the cbargH. But the ter
rific storm of bull-ts was too much ; again they ha ted and
a few men?very few, indeed, not more than one in ti-n?
broke for the rear, ami the rebels raised a shout of triumph.
Hut this only maddened the assailants, who now defied
thein and rushed up to the workH. The few who had com
menced to retreat, seeing this, wheeled around, and in a
few moments were once more at their posts; and, with
oue wild shout, their standard* were planted on the rebel
battlement, and thore who had so stoutly held them fl*d in
confusion to the rear. Did we capture their guns ? That
was the question 1 asked myself after I saw that the rebels
were flying; and in a moment 1 was answered by a di -
charge of both pieces by our men. who turned tbein upon
tbe fugitives.
THE MAIN I.INE.
The work having been accomplished, with a loss of
about two hundred men, the main line of the rebel works
was full in view, and our batteries were at once brought
i"to position, and commenced shelling. Gen. Thomas fined
his headquarters iu a commanding position to await the
reports of Ins subordinates, and take observation of the
work to bo done. Up to this time our right had done little
elre th.n to get into position and skirmish with the rebels;
but to the fourth Corps another severe task wss assigned.
Gen. I{catty was ordered to get pi session of the r? bsi
works on the Franklin pike, if poBiibl*, so as to Com
pletely double up his line?. and to end all possibility of re
treat; and to accomplish this a chirge was made, but it
failed This was about two o'clock in tbe afternoon ; and
after the failure all appeared quiet for aorrr time, save that
one or two batteries were engiged in a vigorous shelling,
and hero and there a sharpshooter fired his Enfield.
THE CRANH CHARGE.
But the time bad come for the final grand charge
which was to decide the fortunes of Ihe day. Schofield
and Steed man had reported that they were iri position and
ready; and, as it was three o'clock, tbe signal was given
and the ball opened. The heroic men of tbe Twenty-third
V?rps were the first in action, as had been arranged, and
soon tbe rebel left was greeted with a serious volley, which
called out all their artillery and musketry that could be
.brought to bear. One battery, which had been concealed
not more than three hundred yards from Thomas' head
quarters, was particularly vigorous. It was the Second
Maryland, (rebel,) and was evidently managed with the
greatest skill. Tnere were four pieces in front, and so
placed as to play either upon Schofield's advancing columns
or upon the headquarters of Gen Thomas ; and in this in
stance two pieces were pointed in each direction, and were
worked rapidly. It was evident that Schofield was rapid
ly gaiuiug ground, when Smith'i Corps, which was lying at
l right angles with it, was ordered forward, thus not only
availing the Maryland battery, but two or three others in
different directions at once. The struggle was brief, but
severe. Ihe advance of our columns was irresistible
Cheatham'? and Stewart's corps, which had to bear tbe
brunt of Ihe assault, were no match for the veterans under
Schofield and Smith, though protected by formidable
works , and tho time required to capture every cannon in
the hands < I both these rebel Generals was just the time
required for our men to advance four hundred yards on
the double-quick?perhaps about five minutes The rebel
centre and left broke on our approach, and did not suc
ceed in getting off a single piece of artillery ; while the
number ol prisoners who fell into our hands was over
?even hundred at this point alone, and before the pursuit
commenced.
Wr.ile these things wero in progress on the right and
right centre, Steedman was making a vigorous and suc
cessful chargn on Lee's corps, the rebel right wing, while
a portion of the wearied Fourth Corps was rushing on in
the centre. The commands of Schofield and Smith push
vigorously on, the one on the rght and the other on the
left of the rebel line of entrenchments, and parallel to them,
and it was surprising with what swiftness the soldiers
marched. As soon as I saw that th? fortunes of tbe day
were decided in our favor on our right, I went down to
ward Ihe left, tp observe what was going on there, and for
a lew minutes the battle field was obscured from my view
by fi g and smoke; aud when once more in a clear atmos
phere, I cast my eye down to a point wh??re the rebels had
been the strongest, expecting to see a desperate and bloody
struggle. A flng was waving in the distance, but I conld
not ascertain whose it was, but observed that it was moving
iu I dueottou U) indicate that the rcUeu were retreating.
I hastened on until I got ? still clearer view, when, to my
astonishment, it was ihe old flag, waving la triumph, the
bearer pushing on, and our men pouring volley after volley
upon Cheatham's and Stuart'* retreating fugitive*. At tbi*
moment all the reserve* were brought into notion, and
Whitaker's iron brigade struck the only part of the rebel
line which had not yet been broken, capturing lour guns
aud four hundred prisoner*. It wa* near auudown, aud I
left to return houie; but I could hear the roport* of the
cannon aud the shouts of our men farther aud farther off,
indicating that the rebel flight wa* swift, but that our boya
were continually gathering them up and pressing them
cloaely.
I CAVALRY OPERATIONS.
The cavalry aucoeeded in pa**'mg through the gap* on
llillaboro' pike without difficulty, and a portion had
rettL'?d Brentwood by the middle of the afternoon. Thi*
aruffl Knipe'* division of ten regiment*, all well armed,
a nuelj j jt wa? their iutention to do all in
J*'r J?ow?' 0 cut Hood ofl", and I heard them akirmiahing
??i f when I left. Hatch'* divisiou, about
q strength, ui.j tfaa passes on the hilla till they heard
our infantry ?iakui^heir^rilud cliarge, whL, alter having
p re< a arge numi?T 0f pri?ouer*, (the l?fh Tenne*aee
alone having one buodr^J Beventy:fl>e,y thty hurried on
to join Knipe and BrentwM /
SOUTHERN NEWS RICHMOND.
Richmond papera of the 21 at and -1 * *r ? , *.
follow,og intelligooee: ' lbe
ATLANTA?ITS FATe.
Gen. Iloward, dispatched by Gov. Brown u ,, . ? ,
the condition of Atlanta, ha*, we learn from tli ? ' ?
ofThecitJ "n<i ? ">P?? ? t
J'?.destruction bus been far greater than we supposed
AtUnf, fenfeme?t8 ?J kind* which covered the Site Jf
Atlanta, only four hundred have been left, and about four
thousand have been burned, aud it is believed the destruc
tion would have been far more universal but for the inter
ference of the Catholic priest, who inade a manly resist
jUJff' ? by th? Catholic soldiery in Sherman's army,
against the faring of houses which would have endangered
the Catholic church and parsonage.
We are sorry to learn that after the departure of the
lefuJ'tbeefl?m/etn .n'^ h(!,"e8' together with the debria
In, -o f ' includ,"? lNrK?J quantities of iron, tool*,
and bo on, wore remorselessly plundered by the people
\ !Z .J*?8 ctuut'?'- who brought their wagon* from
long distances to carry ofl the plunder. Hundreda were
engaged in this shameful work for many days before their
operation, could be arrested. The few" remainCdwell
Stato?h^J!?T!?b*nwPlrie,Ped ?f their and the
has been despoiled of largo valued.
MR. STANTON'S REPORT.
i?in fr<"" thc,Yackfee1 papers that Stanton has pre
pared the main portion of his report, but ia delaying its
publication until the result of pending military movements
?refully known. Should TbU.
Hood s army, and Sherman accomplish all that was ex
W?lmfn?t Butler-Porter expedition against
Wilmington prove successful, they say " the tone of his re
port will be very different from what it would be it this
information is not received." We have not the slightest
idea but that the contingencies mentioned will very seri
ously operate upon Mr. Stanton. But Hood's army*, not
dispersed Savannah not taken by Sherman, and Wilmington
the rebellion n?'gbbor Charleston?the hated cradle of
Richmond papers of Friday and Saturday have been re
ceived, from which we take the following extract*:
AgeutJeman direct from the Tram-Mississippi Depart
ment brings information that Gen. J'rice has . rganixed the
recruits brought from Missouri by him into five new bri
gades. Gen. Joe Kelly and Gen. John B. Clark, Jr have
each a division. Gen. Jeff Thompson commands Kelly's
o d brigade, and Col. John T. Coffee has recruited a regi
rjfn P hundred strong. On the KUb ol November
Gen. 1 rice was issuing rations to thirty thousand men
Il.s expedition into Missouri was as completely successful
a. bis orders permitted it to be. He has now the largest
0 , ' e Confed?ato army, and every man Missourian.
Gen. t agan, whom he detached for that purpose, captured
REAUREGARD iieari> from
Charleston, Dec. 2:t.-To Gen. S.Cooper: On the
Poifari' A t K enemyV e,?ht Lutidr?d Strong, occupied
Pollard. After burning the Government and railroad build
ings they retired in the direction they came. 'I hey were
pursued thirty miles, losing a portion of their transporta
tion, baggage, aud supplies, and leaving many dead negro
tSOr *5" Ti- ?Ur f0rce? commanded Jy^gS.
Liddell, and acted with spirit and gailautry.
P. G. T. Beauregard, General.
P'.'Hard is an important station at the junction of the
ffiadi 'uiKnlt ^'rth1ern ttuJ Alabama and Florida rail
roads. It is seventy mile* north of Mobile.
HnECKINRIDUE HEARD FROM.
thrtVS,?|LTfftt ,Iengt?h;, "y" ,h? L7nchburK Republican, of
the ~?J, definite intelligence from Gen JJreckinrid,'* as
late a* Tuesday evening, in tha following despatch kWdlv
ife. H\ T- b* tht< R??tleman to whom it wal
addressed. It is proper to say that tbe despatch is from
infolSSoI : " m " P?8it,0n t0 ,jbta,? cor*ct
Dibi in Deo. 20 ?A dwpateh froui Gen. Breckinridge to
day, (tuUed at Moont Airy, tiftaen miles west of W?th?ville
fityn lie ha 1 fooght the en?n>y for two days succesHfullv ue-ir
Marion. The eusmy lmd retired irom h s fronf, hut wh'ethe?
ai?rtoh?d.re * 10 'eQne88ee or ""i ho had not
Since this despatch nothing authentic has been received.
1 hrougb passef/g^rB by the Western cars taut m?ht brir a
thlloen lfr w",r"P',rt;d Dublin jesterday mornirf
that C.en. Hreckinridge had overtaken tbe enemv a sh -rr
distance beyond Marion and a fi?ht wis progressing
htr? L L ? tbo report highly probable, though we
have nothing by telegraph to confirm it. We have heard
St K? rell?b.'? conce"'"'K the salt woiks. but it is gtn??r
ally believed they are safe thus far.
UNION RAID INO LUISIANA.
By the arrival of a steamer from New Orleans.we have
Union accent* of Gen. I>avi<W* expedition through
Louisiana. *
" After a steady march through the heart of the enpiw.
country, with five thousand ' mounted raiders,' Oeu David
son has reached West Pascagoula with a portion of hi.
command, and requested that suppliea be sent to that point'
I he command left Baton Rouge on Sunday, November
th?r f,eV'r" "P1"0!1 A> I*1" expedition marched from
thereto I anghipoho, and destroyed the Jackson railroa I
five mUe, all the railroad buildmgs, bridges ind
trestle work Hparks from the burning buildings fired th
I"4 ^ Pnrtion nf il destroyed. l^iMrack
and railroad building, were destroyed by the second brh
ade of the first cavalry division, Gen Bailey commandin. ?
themselves ?
?4 I he same afternoon tbo force started for Franklinville
Mississippr Here a number of prisoners and a mail were
captured. The railroad at this point was destroyed Hcott'n
were'k"led"bnTn"0men^ Several horses
I rom there they went to State Line, on the PascacoSfa
river. The Second New York, of C,d Davis'.XfZ
were crossed over on a pontoon bridge; and it beiti*
impossible to lltrik the enemy, who were stationed there in
superior force, the whole command started for West I\tM
cagoula, the Second New York, in the mean time .kir
the b^r kl' f^ Pemy' an,d COven,d th* movement down
I k PMea?ouU- The main object of tbe 7x
pedition has been most successfully accomplished. Thirf?
privates and five officers were captured nn tj> u ?
o,? lo.. w.. kiHrt.i
engagement Ux.k place." A general
A rebel despatch from Meridian, (Mn? ) of the 1>0M.
??y? : Authentic information has been received from" th
advanoe of Gen. Dav.d.on'. raiding colTmT fromTt.Lm
WhK Pr"*w .tbrou?h AugUBta, Perry county, Miss yes
Wday, for Mobile. SooU and other, are in the right pl^e
Warn, work i. expected or. Monday or Tuesday 5ext *
INUNDATIONS IN SPAIN.
A few day. ago we gave .ome acconnt of inundation, in
Florence, Italy. Not long after that there wa. a dreadful
inundation in Valencia, one of the mo.t fruitful productive
?strict, in Npain. Before midnight the towns of Cuthera
Aleiro, Careag?nte, and Jativ?, with other village, were
ubrnerged in water. It wa. a night of fcarful darkr.es.
Io Ale.ro, upward of two hundred homes were .w,Dt
away, and many other, have since fallen. Many of the m
habitants were compelled to seek shelter on the roofs of
their dwellings, tbo water having risen to the height of si*
or eight feet in the highest part of the town?and in the
lowest parts of the town the houses were covered with
water In the convent of Carcagente the water was fif
bod.0. h,.l Wn reroveriM). ??| h,j WJ>
?w.,. Tboro w.. o.. plu, for lb. ?r lt,? 4??,
scarcely a vestige of the cemetery having bee,, Inf, All
jasrssr^t-??&????% ?f'
had isslied a rrlvll ? 0T,>rfl,,wn- The Government
. ".1 %Z',7r. """"" "
SHERMAN 8 MARCH THROUGH OKORU1A
A correspondent of the Cincinnati " Commer
cial," writing from Hilton Head, (8. C.) sayB of
Sherman's maroh through Georgia :
" It was ia tho main uueveutful, to far ait tightiog waa
concerned; hardly any tbiog in that way baviug ocourred
between Atlanta aud tavimiiah. It was uot known to the
army or to Geo. Kilpatrick himself that ho had been whip
ped, or that he had lost his hat In tho skirmishes on tho
march uo general officer wis injured, aud all the losses
froui straggling and otherwise will not reach one thousand.
"The army moved iu four columusj Howard on the
right and Blucurn on the left, with the cavalry in front and
rear. In this maimer it oovered a atrip of country nearly
sixty tuilea iu width for three hundred milea.
" Sherman has out through Georgia a awath of sixty
milea, aud has completely destroyed the great railroad
quadrilateral of whioh Atlanta, Maoou, Augusta, and Sa
vannah are the four corners, 'ihe railroad leading eaat
from Atlanta to Augusta iadestroyed for over seventy milea,
including Uie bridges over the Yellow and contiguoua river.
The railroad running aouth from Atlanta to Mason ia de
stroyed for eighty miles The railroad running eaat from
Macon to Havanuah ia deatroyed for a distance estimated
at from ninety to one hundred miles. The railroad run
ning between Augusta and Savannah is deatroyed from
Waynesboro to Savannah, a distance of over eighty milea.
" Ihe wholesale work of destruction was carried on lei
surely, and with an eye to completeness. Every rail waa
heated and bent; every tie, bridge, water station, tank,
wood-abed, and depot building waa burned, and every Cal
vert blown up. For in.lew oil the Macon aud Savannah and
Augusta and Savannah roads the track is oarried over
marshy territory by extensive trestle-work. This ia all
burned, ai d it will be very difficult to replace. In all,
bherman has completely destroyed nearly four hundred
uiilos of railroad track.
"Sherman reached OnuabawSound with six thousand ne
groes, two thousand prisoners, and abundant supplies of
cattle, horses, and mules. He released no Federal pri
soners at Millen. They were hurried off to Colombia,
(S. C.) A lew, coulined iu the penitentiary at Milledge
ville, were released by our acouts, to whom the city waa
surrendered two days in advance of the approach of the
main army.
" No doubt is entertained of the capture of Savaunah, but
Sherman never iutended more thau a demonstration
against Macon and Augusta, to deoeive the enemy, and in
this he wus perfectly successful."
NAVAL PROMOTIONS.
The following naval' appointments have been
made by the President aud confirmed by the Se
nate :
Rear Admiral David G. Farragut to b9 a vice admiral ia
the United States navy from the 91st December, 1864.
Commander James Findlay Schenck to be a commodore
iu the navy from the 21 of January, 18C3.
Commander Richard W. Meade to be a captain in the
navy from the 10:h of July, 18C2
Lieut. Egbert Thompson t,? be a commander in the navy
from Ihe 16th of July, 1862.
Lieutenant Commander Jamea S. Thornton, the execu
tive officer of the United States steamer Kearsarge, to be
advanced In his grade ten numbers for his good conduct
and faithful discharge of duty in tl e brilliant ac'ion with
the rebel steamer Alabama, which led to the destruction of
that vessel June 19, 16C4.
Commander Win H. Macomb to he advaoced in his
grade ten numbers for distinguished conduct in theoapture
of Plymouth, (N. C.) with its batteries, ordnance stores,
A c. on the 31st October, 1864, by a portion of the naval
division under his command.
TO I1E CHIEF ENGINEERS.
First Assistant Engineers George Severius Bright, Philip
Inch, Ilenry Mason, Eben Hoyt, B. E. Chassaing, G. B.
N. Tower, B. B II. Wharton, and James W. Wbittaker.
NEW APPROPRIATIONS.
The following items of appropriation are in the
deficiency bill, a* it passed the House on Wednes
day :
For repairs of the navy yard bridge, for a new draw,
$1,000. For the maintenance of convicts of the Distriot
of Columbia, $30,000. Armament of fort fications,
$900,000; for contingencies therefor, $800,000. Fort
Taylor, Key West, $125,000. Fort Jefferson, Florid*
$75,000. Medical and hospital department, $3 250 000.
To supply a deficiency In the appropriation for the publio
printing. $180,000. To supply a deficiency in the appro
priation lor paper for the public printing, $450,000. To
supply a deficiency in the a|ipropriation for the publio
binding, $90,000. For purcba>ing cavalry and artillery
horses, $7,COO,000. For transportation oi the army,
$19,856,117. For regular supplies, $20,000,000. For
barracks andq larters, $2,000,000. For incidental and con
tingent expenses, $1,000,000. For military telegraph,
$725,000. For supplies and tke eipenses of providing for
prisoners of war, $2,000 000. For clotting, camp, and
garrison equipage, $30,000,000.
END OF THE TRUCE AT CHARLESTON.
The truce in Charleston harbor has ended. Col. Mul
ford, our exchange commissioner, returned to Fortress
Monroe on Monday night in the steamer New York,accom
panied by the remaining steamers of the flag-jf-truce fleet,
tie Illinois and George Leary. These three steamers
brought about one thousand prisoners, being the last instal
ment t f the entire number (12,000) exchanged through the
exertions of Col. Mulford.
At the time the New York sailed from Port Roya', on the
18th instant, vigorous preparations were being made by
Gen. Sherman to compel the city of Savannah to surrender
or to carry its entrenchments by asstult. Gen. Hardee,
with his ontire command, estimated at from twelve lo fif
teen thousand men, were cat i ff from esc-p\ and the cap.
tare of the force defending the placo was deemed a cer
tainty.
SALE OF CATURED CAT1LE.
In the beginning of the present month Msjor General
Merritt, acting under instructions fr<m Major General
Sheridan, captured in Loudoun county (Va) over eigh
teen hundred head of cattle and one thousand sheep. By
order of the Treasury Department, Mr E. C. Parkhurst,
special agent, on Monday, begin tb* sale rf 'these cattle,
by public aaotion, at York, Penn. The drove embraced
milch cows, bulls, yearlings, and calves, many of which are
choice Durham and Devonshire stock. Also, about 1,000
head of Leicester and Merino sheep, and a number of
Southdowns ot a suprrior quality. The sale attracted a
large number of farmers and drovers from Laucaster, Csm
berland, Dauphin, Lebanon, and Adams counties, Pennsyl
vania, and Baltimore, Harf.ird, Frederick, and Carroll
counties, Maryland. The pric -s brought were far below
the market value.
NEWS FROM JAPAN.
Galignaui's Paris Messenger of the Wih instant says:
"We have received, via Hilland, a letter from Japan
three days later than the news already published. It haa
been already stated thai the Prinoe of Nagate, having re
fused to pay the war indemnity stipulated in the treaty of
peace signed by him. a judgment of the criminal tribunal
of Jeddo had decided that his two palaces should be rated
to the ground and his servants put to death. We now
learn that this singular arid sanguinary sentence was ?p.
proved of by the Mikado and by the Tycoon?the spiritual
and temporal sovereigns of Japan?and that the number
of servants killed in execution of it was four hundred and
twenty men and two hundred and fifteen women and chil
dren. 'Ihe Prince, on learning these facta, was deeply
concerned, and sent to the capital his first minister on
board the English corvetto Barmssa, winch was plaoed at
his disposal by Vice Admiral Kuper. The minister, on
arriving at Jeddo, waited on the representatives of France,
England, Holland. America, ami Russia, and besought
them to intercede with the Tycoon in favor of the Prince,
his master, who had decided on executing all the provisions
of the treaty, arid immediately paying thn sums due. Hnch
was the situation of affairs at the last date."
When you see a man on a moonlight night trying to eon
vinos his shadow that it is improper to follow a gentleman,
yon may be sure,it is high time for him to join a tempt ,
ranee society

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