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TBE WINTfcK CAMPAIGN IN OEOKOIA. Sherman'* Succeuful March through the State A Journal of tft Leading Incidents. 1* t Tie New York Evening Post of Thursday coutuln* ? detailed account of GeD. Sherman's grand maretf through Georgia, of which we coj y the essential poftitng. Thia rej>yit (tte Post says) is the diary of a^entlcman who tic comp&uied the expedition, and who w** not only an eye witness of it? iucideula but took part in many of it* prin cipal event*. Ho begins with a description of the preliminary movement! at ard an nud Atlanta, and doe* not conclude unUl our noble army hadtouoceaafully reached the shores of (he Ailanbe andngjsjUured Fort McAllister. Thia great march ot Shjji^amu has few, if any, parallel* in Lis lory. 'I bo strategy with which it wm planned and conducted throughout ha* been alike comprehensive and brilliant. The enemy wa* *o bhffled at every point by the ingenuity and complication of ihe movement*, that hia con tusion became in the end contemptible, if not ludicrous ; and the scheme, fr>in the outset to the close, was a splen did auoeecs. THE STttATEuV OF SUERMAN. c?ATear A'ltiOa, Oetvirr 14.?The last few days have been lull uf excitement. 'ihe strategic combinations ot Gen. Sherman, which have mystified many and called forth tie anxiety and curiosity of all, are beginning in part tr> unf. Id, revealing a plau of operations conceived upon tfce broadest scale which, it is not extravagant to gay, has ever been known in military science. "Wo begin to understand now why the army was in ortr late campaign moved to Home alter passing tnruugb Alia toon* hills, instead oi marching directly ou iiesaca. Hood at that time was three day* march in advance of dp. Gen. Sherman knew very well that in no event could Hood be overtaken should be continue to advance, and he much pre ferred tnat fci? swift-footed foe should pass to the left rather than to the ngbt. If Hood bad tone east he would have damaged tbe raiiroad'ngain near Atl.tnta, and then kept to the southward, when he would have been in our present front,< offering obstacles serious enough perhaps to have defeated the movement now iu progress. Sherman's rapid wheel to the left, through Snake's Creek Gap, forced Hood either to proceed directly south towards Montgomery or westward. The conqueror of Atlanta, prooigal in his weli-won wealth, offered the gold en apple of West Tennessee, with its richly stored cities, &* a prize easily gamed, with a vista of glorious possibili ties openiDg up in Kentucky, and it might be beyond the line of tbe Ohio. Well might tbe rebel General gladden his heart with tbe anticipations of not and plunder, and be thought be saw clearly iu the immediate future tbe ful fillment of the promise and prophecy of his master, tbat Atlanta should be evacuated in thuty days, and the dread ed bherman, with his Yankee horde following fast in his lootet? ps, to save the Isorth from invasion and pillage. And ih'is, giving no rest to the naked, wparf * feet of Lis a Idiers, be moved at once iu tbe direction of Florence, on he Tennessee river. aacobw&ue tberman bad arrived at the foot of the Cha tocga valley iir pursuit. Retaining his main force at Gaylesville, tbrowiig out strong recimuoisjitnces in the dirtcuon of tbe enemy, until, ascertaining beyond a ques tion that Hood bad gulped down the bait, he detached Stanley with tbe Fourth Corps, sending him to tbe n irth towards Bridgeport. " Aba, ' chuckled Hood, " this is as I hiped- n.y stia;egy succeeds." Following the depar ture of the i'ourth Corp*, tbe entire army was moved back to Rome ; Schofield, with a portion of the Army of tie Obio, was at once sent to Chaitanoog*. Tbesi*, with Stanley's troops, furnished Gen Thomas, who held su preme command, and who had lull instructions from Gen. Sbermau covering every contingency, with a veterau army of some thirty thousand men, which, with those already in ihe department, and recruits coming into the field, com posed a loree sufficient to demolish Hood, if thev should meet, an event which will take place at Gen Thomas's option, and not at Hood'*, if that person remain much | longer at tbe river's bank where he his halted bis columns, as it doubtful what course next to pursue. It wa* at Uiis moment that tbe grand project of our captain arose m ^un?crt^n j-et gigantic proportions; tve precise point of destination, was not kgovyn^hut all felt certain that it was eemtiward further into the heart of tbe enemy's country, and the blood bounded in our veins at the thought. Otfioers and men met each other with proud and glad face*. Ail were impiessed with a conaciouuru a? ot the truth that the march of Union *oldier* to the ocean or tbe <*ulf meant that we were to take tho life-blood of tbe rebellion. PREPARATIONS FOR THE MARCH. IK Gen. fcberman had called to him from Atlanta his chief quartermaster, Gen. Kaston, and chief commissary, Col. firckwilh?men of great conceptive and executive capa city. In four day* all that Rome contained, of eick and wounded stores and maehiuery, won removed, and thecity evacuated ; a few days more, and the vast amount of pro visions, forage, machinery, stores of all kinds, with th? in vai.ds and incompetents, which bad accumulated at At lanta and along the railroad ; the surplus artillery, baggage, and other ,useless wagons; every tbing, in truth, wbicJ I would impeOe tbe celenty of movement of the army, was gathered up and sent safe-y to the North. On the 12th in stant the last train of cars whirled rapidly past the troops moving south, speeding over bridges and inW the wood* as ifttey leased they might be teft helpless iif< the deserte-d land. At Cutt*vilie>tbe last ciumunientiotis with the North were severed with the telegraph wiro. It bore tl.e message to Geu. Thomas, "All is well." And *o we have cut adnft from our base of operations, from our line of communication*, launching out into un csrtaiuty at the beat; on a journey whose projected end only the General iu commaud knows. It* real fate and de?tinati< u be does not know, since tbat rests with the goodness of Gtd and tbe brave heart* aud *trong limbs oi our soldiers 'ihe history of war bears no similar exr.m pie, except that of Cortez burning his ships. It is a bold, haxardou* undertaking, i here i* no backward step pus sible here Thirty days'rations and a new bate; thai time and tho*e supplies will be exhausted in the most rapid march ere we can arrive at the nearest seacost; airing there, what then T 1 never heard tbat manna grew on the sand beaches or in tbe manbes, though we are cure that we can obtain forrffce on our^Way; and I have reason to know tbat Geo. kbeiman is ia the highest drgree sanguine aud cheerful?*ure even of aucces*. As'lor the army, they do not stop to ask questions, Sherman says " come,'' and that is the entile vocabulary to tbem. A most cheer-* ful feature ot tbe situation is tbe fact tbat the men are healihlul and jolly as men can be, hoping for the best, willing to dare the worst. |MARIKTTt BURST?RAILROAD DESTROYED Behind at we leave a track of smoke and. fUme. Half of Marietta *m burned up, not by order*, however; for tbe Ciiuutbd i? that proper detail* shall be made to destroy all property wbich c?u ever be of uae to the rebel armies Stragglers will get >uto these place*, aod dwelling bouse# are it veiled to tr.e ground. in nearly nil cares ttu-R* are the deserted habitauous formerly owned by reOela. who are now reiugeea. From Kiugiton to Atlaota the rail* Lave been taken up on tbe road, fire* built about ibem, and the iron twi*t**a into all aort* of carve*; thu* tbey are left, never to be ? irsifhteiicd again. 'J be aece*b inhabitant* are in an agony ol wotder at all theae queer mat aeuvring. It ap pear* a* if we intended evacuating Atlaota, but our troop* are taking tbe wrong direction for tbe hope* and purpose* ol tbe*?- pe -pie. Atlanta 1* entirely deserted of human being*, except ng a few soldiers Lere and there, 'lhe bouae* are vacant; tbere i* no trade or traffic t f any kind ; tbe *trceta are empty. Beautiful roae* bloom in tbe garden* of fiae buu*r*, but a U-rrible stilliie** and aolitude cover it all, de^rtaamg tba brarta evru of tboae who are glad to de atroy it. in your peaceful home* at the North yon cannot conceive how theae people bare suffered for their crime*. HIRMSU or ATLAXTA. Atlanta, Wght oj the J5fA Nortmbcr.?A (rand and aw ful *jn-?tac e i. pr>*enu-d to the beboider in tbi* br autifu c?tf, now iu flame*. by oider, tbe cbief engineer fca* de atroyed by ponder and fiie all tbe atore-bonaea, depo buiidiigv and machine abope. The heaven ia one expanae of luiio fir? i the a>r ia filed With fly it g, burning cindera ; budding. eoveilDg over two hundred nor*, are in rains or tn ft*m*s; e'ery luatant there i* the aharp detonation oi tie amotbered, burning sound ol explodng shell* aod pew. dor couoeal"d in tuo buildings, sua then the*paik* and fUme shoot away up into the black and red roof, scatter lug tbe cinders far aud wide Tbe** are the machine abopa where have bteu f >rged and ca*t rebel catm. n, shot aod ?bell, that have carneo death to many a V.rav? <ie?end*r ?.( Otr uMioii ? honor, 'i br*e warehouse* have b*?.n \h? r<> oeptaoio ol munitions ol war, atored to be naed lor our d*. atroctKD I'M city, which next to Kiohmond, baa fur m*fced more material tor proaoouting tbe war than any other in tn* Booth, exists no more a* a mean* for the ene Dies of the Union A brigade of Ma**acbatetta soldier* nr? tbe only troop* now lo.t in tbe town They will be tbe fast to leave It. THE ARMV AT MILLEDCEVILI.E. MUUrlgemlU, Kowemker 24?We are in full poaaeaaion of Ui? capital of tbo fciate of Georgia, and without firing a gnu iu its cut quest. Un Friday laat the Legislature, whieh bad been in *e>*aiot), bearing of oar approach, has tily decamped without any adjournment. 'J he legislative pr.oie *pread amongst tbe eititeM to *och an extent a* to depopulate the place, except of a few old gentlemen and U*iea and tbe negro**: the latter weioomitig our approach with eoaUtic oiciamation* of joy <i*n Blocum, with the Twentieth Corp*, flrst e ntered th? city, arriving by way of Mediaoo bavii g accomplished bis ni **ion of destroying the railroads nod va uaW* bridge* at Ma4i*on. 'lbe fright of the legislators, a* deacribed by * it/.j?sei, mnst have been poisieel io tbe extreme, i bey little imagined tbe movs Iiwut of our tort-wing, bearing Ant of U# auyance ol Kil Patrick on the extreme ri*ht toward. Macon, and .upposed that to be ?other raid. What the?r opinion wa. when Howard ..army appeared at McDouough it would be diffi cult to ?y ; and their a.toui.bmeut mu.t have approached insanity wheu the other two oolurnn. were heard from? oua directed toward. Augusta and the other .wiftly uiareh lhjr straight upon their devoted city. It seemed a. if they were surrounded upon all side, except toward, tbe east, aud that their dooui wa. sealed With the certain punish ment for their crimes looming up before tbein they ?oug every possible means of escape. Private effects, 10"e' u, faruiture, books, picture., everything wa. conveyed1 to tbe depot and loaded into the oars until they were h'led and heaped, and the flyiog people could not fiu'istanding roui; Any aud every price was obtained for a vebic . sand dollars wa. cheap for a common jWj"' rusbed about the bt.ceU in agony tit fear lest they shou ?T " fall victims to the ferocity ol tbe lankee.. Several day. of perfect quiet passed a'tor lhi? exodM, when cn a bright sunshiny morumg, a regiment eirtered tie city with a Und playing n^n^"'^ftfTJorSu? ii,mic a d*v since been bU'htd iu the capital or ueorgia. Sit flwof tuftroop* were marched through the city. ?Homo two or three jegiments wero detailed under the or rated bv the General cumuiaudiog. Ibe magazine., ar fenals depot buildings, factories of oue kind and another, witti f'toreh( uses containing Urge amount, of Government property, aud some seventeen huudred bale, ol cotton, were burued. Private houses were respected every where, even those of noted, rebels, and I beard of no ^tunce of milage or insult trf'the inhabitant. One or two of the Utter, known a. baviug beeu 111 the rebel army, were m prisoners of war, but the surgeon* at the hoapi'als, the Principal .the Insane Asylum, and others, expres-ed their gratitude that .uoh perfect order WU i"SSIJqStI throughout the ci y. Gen. Sherumn 1. at the Lxecut e Mansion. its former occupant having, with extremely bad Brace, tied from hi. distinguished visiter, taking with him the entire furniture of the building. DECEIVING THE ENEMY?A FIGHT. Gen. Sherman's opening move in tho present campaign has been successful in the highest degree. At first moving Hm army in three columns, with a column of cavalry on liia eitreme right, upon eccentric lines, he diverted the at tention of the enemy, eo that he concentrated his jrcBS a ?itreme points. Mae* n and Augusta, leaving unimpeded the progress ol the main body In this campaign-tbe end jf which does not yet appear?it is not the purpose ot the Genera! to spend his time brt ?re fortified cities, nor yet to sticumber his wagons with wounded men. Ilia instruc tions to Kilpatr.ck wero to demonstrate against Macon. letting within live miles of the city. The roads each col umn were to follow were carefully des gnwted, the number oi miles each day to be travelled, and tho point, of rendez vous were given at a certain date. All ol these condition. *ere fulfiiled to the Utter. SUcum, with the .Twentieth Corps, arrived at Milleilgeville on the 2~1 matunt, Prec^ ug l,avis, with th# Fourteenth Corp., one day On the mine day Klipatrick struck the Macon n^ WMteni road, iestroyiug the bridge at Walnut creek. The day follow er Howard, with the Fifteenth and Seventeenth Corps, irr.T?d at Gordon, aud began the destruction of the Geor gia Centtal railroad. . ... niim It was near here that the most serious fight of the cam paign occurred to thi. date. Gen. Wolcot, in command ol a detachment of cavalry and a brigade ol infantry, wa. thrown fi-rward to Griswo'.dville, towards Macon, for ? e monstrative purposes merely. The enemy, some five thousand stro g, advanced upon our troops, who had thrown up temporary breastworks, w ith a section ot R bat tery in position. Tbe cavalry fell slowly back on e tber fiank of the brigade, protecting them from attack in nanK aud rear. The rebels are composed of militia chiefly, al though a portion of Hardee', old corps was preaent, having been brought up from Savannah. With that ignorance ol danger common to new troops, the rebels rushed upon our veterans with tho greatest fury. They were received with grape .hot aud musketry at point blink rmge.our soldiers firing coolly while shouting derisively to the quivering columns to come on. The rebels resumed the at ack. but with the same latal results, and were sooa in full flight, leaving more than three huudred dead on the field U"r loss v,as some forty kiiled and wouuded, while their killed, wounded, and prisoners are estimated to exceed two thou sand fiie hundred. A pretty Revere lesson they have re ceived. It is said, C. n ist que U premier pui qui eoute f'bis first step has been a wu.t expensive one. and judging from the fact that we have, not toeard from -tbeut sidce, they leern fco have i*ter prated the pffcverb otherwise than la the recognised sense. ihe Fiannsa near sasdersville. Sear Tonnillc Station, on the Georgia Central Kail read, Nov 27.?Since writing the above the army has mov ed forward all along tbe line. The rebel, aeern to have understood, but too late, that it was not Sherman's luten t on to make n serious attack upon Macon. They have, however, succeeded in getting Wheeler acrosa tbe Oconee at a point below the railroad bridge. We first became aware of their presence in our front by the destruction ol several small bridges across Buffalo creek, on the two roads leading to Sandersville, over which were advanoing the Twentieth and Fourteenth Corps We were delayed bat a few hour.. The passage was also contested by the rebel cavalry under Wheeler, and they fought our front all tbe wav und into the streets of Sandersville. 1 be J wen tietb Corps had the advance, deploying a regiment as skir misters, forming the remainder of a brigade loiiue of bat tie on e;t ?r side of the road. The movement was execut ed in the haBdsomestinaunex, aadftvVl so effectual as not to impede the tnhrclr.t f tbefolumn in the slighte.t degree, although the roll"of mufketry .was unceasing Our loss wa. not serious, twenty-odd killed and wounded. NEAR THE OCONEE. As the Twentieth Corps entered Sandersville Ibey were met by the Fourteenth, whose head of column nrrived at the same moment. WMiile these two corps had met with tho obstructions above mentioned, the army under Gen. Howard were attempting to throw a pontoon across the Oconee at tbe Georgia Central Railroad bridge. Here they met a force under the command of Gen. Wayne, which was ctmp. s-dof a portion of Wheeler's cavalry, m.lilia, and a band of convicts who had b^en liberated ir m the penitentiary upon tbe conditiou ttat they would join the army. 1 he most of these .ierperadoes have been taken prist ners, dieted in tbeir State prison clothing Gen. Sherman ha. turned them loose, b lieving that Gov. Brown hnd not got the full benefits ot bis liberality. Ibe tvbeh did not uifke a remarkably stern defence of tbe bridge, for How aid was able to cross bis army yesterday, and commenced breaking railroad .gain to-day. In fact, all of tbe army, except tne c?rps, are engaged in this same work. Morgan, with bis army, was hardly able to reach this point when he met Oeu. Hardee, who had mamged to net around here fr in Macon. Our troops .truck the railroad at.tbi.^etation a few hours alter tbe fr whteiied band escaped. 1 ' ABl RDASCE, OF..5U?PILES. We tad bceji told that the country wu very poor east of the' couee, but our experience haa-beeu a delightful castronomic contradictiou of the statement. Ibe cattle trains are getting .<? large that we find difficulty in driving theiu along. Thanksgiving day was very generally ob served in the army, the iroops scorning chickens in th? plenitude ol turkeys with which they had supplied them .elves Vegetable, of all ki-.ds, slid in unlimited quanti ties, were at baud, ant the .oldiersgave thanks as .oldiem may, arid WCffc ??rry a? ?oldi?r? 6M In truth, SO iar as tho gratification of the stomach goe., tbe troops are pursuing a continuous thanksgiving. In addition to fowls, vegetable., mi l meats, many obtain a delieious snup made from .orghum, which is cultivated on all tbe planth tmus i nd stoied away in Urge trough, and hogsheads. The mili. here and there furnish fresh supplies of Hoar and uieal and we bear little or nothing of " hard tack' ?that terror to w. ak mastication Uvcr tbe sections of country , lately traversed f find very little cultivation of cotton. I he commands of Lavis appear to have been obeyed ; and our large drove, of cattle are turned nightly into tbe im. mense field, of ungathered c<>rn to eat their fill, while the granaries are crowded to ove. Il .wing with both oat. and c..rn We have al.o reached the .and regions, .o that the fall of rain has no terrors, the road, are excellent, and would become firmer from a liberal wetting be rue of the rivers will not bother us much, for each army c .rp. hi. it. pontoon, and the launching of its boaU la a matter of an hour. OEHTRtCTION or RAILROADS. By the wiiy.tbe destruction of railroads in thin campaign ban been most thorough. The destruction of such long lines of road necessarily requires time, which in an expe dition of this kind is valuable in the highest degree The ordinary method of detraction was to place the rails across a pile ot burning sleeper*, their own weight bending them. But this d<-es not injure the rail so much but that it may be heated arid straightened again- Instrument* hare been made; one is a clas>>, which locks under the rail. It has a ring in the top, into which is inserted a long lever, aind the ra;l is thus ripped from the sleepers. When the rail'bas become tested a wrench is applied, which fits close over the ends of the rail: by turning them in opposite directions the rail is so twisted that even a rolling machine could not bring it back into shape !u this manner hare been de str. ycd eoroe ihirty miles of rail* which lay in the city of AtUnta, *.nd also all the rails on the Augusta and Atlanta road irom tbe last-named place to Madisoo; and thus far tbe C4eorf?i? Central road, from a few miles east of flfiacon to Terrville Station; where I am now writiog. THE MARC H TO THE OOEECIIEE. PfOPtmhrT 29, nrar .lohnton's, on the ? nth ridt of the Georgia hailrnn'l ? We nave not heard from the aruiy on the nortb * do ot tbe railroad since it left lis at Sanders ville, nor from Kilpatiick. until to-day, and then indirectly through a negro, who reports tbat the son of bis master rode all the way from Jjouisvilte in great baste, reporting tbat Wheeler was fighting the Ynokefts, who were ad vancing on Augusta. Oen. Sherman's second step in this campaign will have been equally successful with tbe first if be is able to cross the Ogeeehe* tomorrow without mnch opposition. Davis and Kilpatrick's movement hi* been a blind in order to facilitate tbe passage over the Ogecchee of tbe main body of tbe army, which for two days past has bocD marching on parallel road* south of the railroad. Thus far we have reason to believe th*t the Kilpatrick is doing me ?am? won ???? >. with such high honor when covering our right flank m the eirly day* of the campaign. His column now acts as a outtnin upon the ?xtrfiue. left, through which the enemy may in vain attempt to penetrate. He baa a yet amj in view. If he #uedf*ds, liia name will not only ataud *t the head of oui great oavalry Gonerala, but it will be uttered with the prayerk apd blessings of the wivesand children of the priaeflera whom he may liberate at Millen, which ta tho luiint be uyu for, and where have been incar cerated many thousands of our brave comrades K. 1 pa trick started on tbe same day that our army left Milledge vi.le, tha tostfcnt/ I "lave not meutioued the Uct be fore in thi. diary, fur fear that- it might, in the casualties of war, pet tuto the hands'of the Tebels and interfere with the movement. Heaven prosper it, aay I. BEAUTY OF THIS COUNTHY. AU day long the army baa been moving through magnifi cent pine wooda?the aavannalia of the South, as they are termed. I have never seen, and I can't conceive a more picturesque eight than the army winding along through these grand old woods. The piueB rise, naked of branches, eighty and ninety fe?t, and then aire crowned with a turl ol pure green. Tne trees are wide apart, so that fre quently two trains of wagons and troops in double column are marching abreast. In the distance may a troop of horseuieu, some general* and his btan, turning about here and there, their gay uniforms, and red and wh te flags contrasting harmoniously with the bright, yei low grarni uuderneath and the doap evergreen. War has its romance and its pleasures, aud nothing could be m,^e ddightlul, nor can there be more beautiful subjects for the artist's peucil than a thousand sights which have met my eye for days pant, and hich can never.be seen outside the army. THE NEGROES. The most pathetic scenes occur npon our line of march daily aud hourly. Thousands of negro women join the column, some carrying household truck; others, and many of them there are, who bear the heavy burden of children in their arms, while older boys and girls plod by their sides. All theae women and ohildren are ordered back, heartrending though it may be to refuse them liber y. They won't go. One begs that she may go to tee her hus band and children at Savannah. Long years ago ihe was forced froiu them and fold. Another has heard that her boy was in Macon, and she is " done gone with grief goin on four vears." They cannot be made to understand that they most remain .'behind, aud they are satisfied only when Gen. Sherman tells them?as he does evety day--that we shall come back for them some time, aud that they must bi patient until the proper hour of deliverance comes. THE POLICY OF SHERMAN. Station of Georgia Central Railroad, Nun. .10. With the exception of the Fifteenth Corps our army is across the Ogeectee, and without fighting a battle. This river is a line of great strength to the rebels, and they might have made its pajsage a costly effort lor ue, but they have been outwitted aud out-inanmuvered. I am more convinced than ever that if Oen. bherman intends taking his army to the seaboard, it is evidently his policy to avoid a battle, or any contest which will delay him in the establishment of a ntw base of operations and supplies ; if he is able to e8'ftb lieh this new base, and at the same time destroy all the lines of communication from the rebel armies with the great cities, bo that they will be as much isolated as il those strongholds were in our hands, he will have ac(^m pliched tho greatest strategic victory in the wur, aud all ttie more welcome because bloodless. Macou, Augusta, (Savannah, or Charleston are of no special value lo us, ex cent that either one of tbe latter in?y be useful as a base of supplies. One and all of them are of the most vital im portance to tbe rebels, as the source from or through which thi*y diaw their stores of ammunition aud tbe largest part of their supplies. KILPATRICK AT MILLEN. We have hear! today from Kilpatrick and from Millet). Kilpatiick made a splendid march, fighting Wheeler all the way, to Waynesboro, destroying the railroad bridge cross ing Briar creek, between Augusta and Mil en. It is with real grief that 1 write he was unable to accomplish the re lease of our prisoners. It appears that for some time pa?t the rebels have been removing our soldiers from Millen; the officers bavo been sent to Columbia, (&- C ) and the privates further couth, somewhere on tho Gulf raijrflad. PASSAGE( OF^THK 0<'-liJu^HE-jf A vOEQHCId/ FpGj We have had very little difficulty in crossing t|e;Ogee cliee The Twentieth Corps moved down the rollrua destroying it to the bridge. ^The Seventeenth Corps cov ered the river at this point, where a light bndge was only partially destroyed. It was easily repaired, so that the w lantry and cavalry could pass over it, while the wagons and artillery used the pontoons The Ogeecbee is about Bixty yards in width at this point. It is approached on the north ern or western side through swamps, which would be im passable were it not for the sandy soil which packs solid when the water covers the roads, although in places there are treacherous quicksands which wo ar? obliged to cor dUTbi evening I walked down to the river. A novel and vivid eight was it to see tho fires of pitch p;ne flaring up into the mist and darkness, the figures of men nod horses looming out of the dome ahadows in gigantic proportions Torchlights are bhuking and flashing awayoff in the forests, while the still air echoed and re-t cboed with the cries of teamsters and the wild shouts of the soldiers. A long line of the troops ma ched acrwM the foot bridge, each so.dier bearing a torch ; their light reflated in quivering lines in the swift running stream Hoon the fog, w hich like a blanket over the swamps and forests of the river bot toms shut down upon tbe scene, and so dense aud dark was it that torches were of but little use, and men were directed here and there by the voice. " Jim, are yon there1" shouts one. " Yes, I am here, is the impatient answer. "Well, then go straight ahead. "Straight ahead ! where in thunder is 'straight ahead?' " THE ADVANCE TOWARDS SAVANNAH. Scarboro' Dtermbrr 3.?Pivoted upon Millen the army has swung slowly round from its eastern course, and is now moving in six columns upon parallel roads southward. Until yesterday it was impossible for the rebels to decide whether or not it was Uen. Sherman's intention to "w? upon Angusta. Kilpatrick had destroyed the bridge ab.ve * a nesboro', and fall ng back bad again advanced supported by the Fourteenth Army Corps, under General Davis South of this column, moving eastward through Brdsville wa* the Twentieth Corps, commanded by Gen. Rh eum Y^t farther south the Seventeenth Corps, Gen. Blair in comment, followed the railroad, destroying it as he advanced. West and south of the Ogechee the JMfteentb Corp*, Gen Osterhaus in immediate c >mmnnd, but under tho eye of Gen. Howard, has moved in two columns. Until now Davis ml Kilpatrick have b?*en a cover and shield to the real movements. At no time has it been po?sib!o for Hardeo to Interpose M.y ?eri >ua obstacle to the advance of tho ma n b. dy of our army, for our Irtft wing has always been a strin* arm thrust out in advance, ready to put in chancery any force which might attempt to get within lta guard. The reoel councils of war appear to have been com pletely deceived, for we hear it re-orted that Bragg and Longstreet are ai Augusta, with ten thousand men made up of militia, two or three South Carolina regiments, and a p. rfcon of Hampton's Legion, sent there for one month. It is possible,* now that the curtain has he*n withdrawn, and as it may appear that we are inarching straight for ttavannab, their Generals, with their ten thousand, may attempt to harm-a our rear, hut they can accomplish no thing but the loss of a few lives, without checking our progresa. . ,. , . I he wnrk so admirably performed by our left wing, so far as it obliged the rebels inourfiont ooaatantly to retreat, by threatening their rear, now becomes the offlc* of the Fifteenth Coips, our right wing, on the right bank of the ' river Its two columns arc moving one day's march in ad vance of the main body of the army, marching down the penin-u'a between the Savannah and Ogechee riverj. The necessity and value of these flank movement! first of the right wing with Kilpatrick'* cavalry, then of Davis and Kilpatrick on the left, and now of Howard on onr right, is because we Ban not run over and demolish any and all the rebel forces in Georg a. They could not for a moment stand before this army upon any ordinary battle ground, but a very small force of lufantry or cavalry at a river could delay a column half a day, and perhaps longer, and as our soldiers have g >t tired ol chickens, sweet potatoes, sorg- , hum Si c ,and nave been promised oysters on the half sbelj, oysters roasted, stewed, &c , in short, oysters, they don't | care to be delayed. ( .THE GEORGIA RAILROADS. The railroad which has been receiving our immediate a'tent,on within the last week is altogether the best I have seen in the State, though the rail itself >s not so heavy ?s the T rail, on the Augusta and Atlanta road. I he mil on the Georgia Central is partially laid with tbe U and a portion of light T rail, but it is all fastened to parallel stringers, which are again fixed to the ties lhe station-houses are generally built ol brick, in the most sub stantial manner The very large depot at Millen was a wooden building of gracelul form, and admirably made It made tho biggest fire I hare seen s-nce we leit Atlanta, and delighted the soldiers amasingly. The taste for con flagrations has been so cultivated in this community of late, that any imall affair attracts veiy little attention GREAT CORN FIELDS. We daily traverse immense com fields covering from one hundred to one thousand acres. These were once devoted to tb j cultivation of cotton, and it is surprising to see how lhe planters have carried out the wishes or orders of tho rw K?t iD tbi. rwpwt. Then. h? b.;.? , l?r?? amount of cotunl rt-.tr.,y.-d in tbl. l?.t it mn.t have been but a small portion even of the limited crop raised, as the destruction has chiefly been away from he railroads As near as I can learn twe thirds of this cotton la, been sent over the Georgia Central railroad to August a by way of Millen ; from thence a limited amon>t has been trans nor ted to Wilmington for trans-Atlsntic shipment; the residue jet remains :0 the vicinity 01 Columbia, South I CYusDwe.ll ascertained lhat the country west of the Ra vannah r.vcr is expected to furnish supplies for tbe rebel anuie# iu luo wes. thil district to Lee'jiougfr euin ?uu bee! aio tout liuta supplies from the 8UW. but &? draw* the balk of hi* is no region which id to pfl ?f the Saveauah, aud there have digressed thu* far 'A?/. that About Columbia. I campaign, because I wUh to oil? bwtory of the Georgia in bo general at the North that tit impression whioh from the southwest. One thiogngptorn armies are fed the West nor the East will draw an}1 oartain, neither oountiea in this State traversed tWaiPlli?* ,rom the time to come; onr work has been th^afjy f?r R loui hilatlon. to anni COXl'ENTRATlON OF TUB ARMV?A KHlu. Ogtdut Church, Dtc. (i(/?.~Thn araiy for two past has beeu concentrating at flits point, which^s v.' narrowest part of the peninsula. (Jen. Howard is still o* the west side of the OgeoUee, but is within supporting dis tance, and has ample means of crossing the river should it be neoessary, which is not at all probable. Kilpatrick has again dune noble work. On Sunday last, while marchiug towards Alexander, for the purpose of more thoroughly completing the destruction of tbq railroad bridge crossing Briar Crock, we found Wheeler ou his way near Waynes boro. He fought him several times, punishing him severely in each instance, driving his iufautry and cavalry before him through Waynesboro' and beyond the bridge, which was completely destroyed. Hp rejoined the main body of our army thgn marching southward. v r TH,E ARMY FURTHER SOUTH. December 8th ?? I be army l^s been advaucing slowly aud irtuely, but ag'eauViously' as If a strong army were in our front. The relative po?itionrof the troops has not ma terially changed sinoe last writing, oxoept that we are all fur ther south. From fiftoeen to twenty miles lie a Savannah, it is tO'be suppo*rd in some perturbation at the certainty of our approach. If the rebels intend lighting in defence of the city it Will bo bebin,d their fortifications, for as yet wo have only skirmished with parties ot cavalry, and they have not seen the head ofour infantry column, and can only, judge of our atrength through injudicious publications in the newspapers north. , A UOI.O MOVEMENT. Gen. Howard has just returned from a very successful movement. Fearing that we should detach a force for the purpose of destroying the Gulf road which they are using to its utmost capacity just now, they pushed a force across the Ogecbee. While this body were covered by a strong riverside line, Gen. Corse, of Allatoona memory, shoved his division between the Little and Groat Ugechee, thirteen miles in advar.ee of the main column to\he canal, which runs Irom the Ogecbee to the Savannah river. He bridged the caual, crossed it with his division, aud now holds a poaitionout of which Hood's army could not drive him. This bold step has forced the rebels toerucuate tho lineof workB stretch ing from river to river, ?iid they have uow fairly sought refuge in the fortifications proper of Savannah. THE SIONAbCUNfe OF THE GUNBOATS. All the afternoon we have heard the sigual guns of our gunboats, supposed to bo in Oss.ibaw Sound. My heart thrills with gladness to tbiuk that we are withiu speaking distance of our brethren of the brave navy, and that we are hereafter to aet in unison, with we liepe more purpose than ban been the result with moat expeditious on.the At lantic coast. The next three days promise to be full of interest, for we shall now seek to establish a base of sup plies in connection with our fleet. CLOSING IN UPON .SAVANNAH. Dctemier '.)th ?We are gradually closing in upon the city. Gen. Howard holds the position gained on the other sicie of the canal yesterday, aud has advauced the larger part of bis command in its support. Portions of our army are now within eight miles of Savannah. Gen Blair's column lost several officers and men, some of them by honorable fighting, as the rebels withstood the advance with pertinacity. One tllijer and several men were se verely wounded by the explosion of shells and torpedoes boned and concealed in tae road, which was an attempt at cowardly murder Iu the entrance to forts, or in a breach made in a line of works, such implements may be used to defeat the assault, but the laws of war donotjustify an at tempt of the kind which has been so disastrous to day The prisoners were marched over tbe road and removed two of these treacherous, dealh dealing instruments Gen JJavis is to-night at Cherokee Hill, having crossed ( the Charleston road, partially destroying the bridge opan j ning the Mavannab. He has also been opposed by the j rebels, but, as with the other columns, the opposition only accelerated the progress of the troops, who hurry forward | on tbe double-qaick at tbe sound of tbe guns, eager to get into tbe fight. To-morrow we may expect to have con centrated our army so as to form a continuous line about the city. STROS(. LINES OF REBEL WORKS. Dtctmler 10th.?The army has advanced some six miles tc-iay, and have met eveiy where a strong line of works, which appear to be held by a strong force; with thirty tw> pound guns in position, their line, although extended, is more easily defended, because of a succession of impla ntable Hwaiupn which stretch across the peninsula. All the openiogs between these morasses and the roads which lead through them are strongly fortified, and the ap proaches have been contested vigorously, but with little loss to us. Gen. Sherman neema to avoid the sacrifice of life, and I doubt his making any serious attack until he has communication with tbe fleet. We bave connected" our lines, so that the corps are within supporting dirtaftce'of each other.' The soldiers are meanwhile in most cheerful spirits, with that insons ciance which is the most characteristic feature of our troops. CAPTURE OF FORT MAI.USTER. Dccembtr ID ?At Fort McAllister. To-day I have been a spectator of one of those glorious sights where the ac tors, passing through the most fearful ordeal of fire which befalls the soldier, come out ruccea*ful, and are always af tor heroes. The second division of tbe Fifteenth Corps have marched to-day fift-en miles; and, without the as sistance of artillery, have crossed an open space of six hundred yarcs, under a fierce fire of twenty one heavy guns, crawling through a thick abuttis, crossed a ditch of great depth, at whose bottom were driven thick palisides, torn them away, surmounted the crest an1 palisades, shot ai.d bayouetted the guuuers who refused to surrender at their posts, and planted the stars and str pes upon the work in triumph. ? 1 be assault was made with a single line, which approached the fort from all sides but that of the river at the same instant, never for an instant wavering, no man lurking shelter, but facing the fire manfully. The explo sioa of torpedoes at this point did not deter them Per haps in the history of this war tbero has not been a more striking example of tbe evidence oi quick, determined ac tion Hed we waited, put up entrenchments, shelled the place, and made tbe usual approaches, we should have lost many ui<ro lives, and time that was iuvaluible. As it is, our entire loss is not more than ninety men killed and wounded, and wo have gained a necessity, a base of sup plies. Our whole army are eager to emulate such a glo rious example, and this rspiit nu corps has been raised to tho grandest height. . EXTRAORDINARY DISCOVERIES OF PETRO LEUM IN CALIFORNIA. We extract (*aya the New York Observer) the follow ing passages from a flatement bas2d on a report of Prof. Silliman, recently published, upon tte occurrence of pe troleum oil in certain parts of California : The occurrence of fluid inflammable substincai upon the coast of Santa Barbara, in Southern California, has been kn. wn since 179*^ ; but little importance baa been att?ched to it until very recently, when the development of tbe oil region of Pennsylvania has shown tbe immense value of tbe great L&tural reyt^itories ql petroleum, ai.d directed attention toother localities in which it is found. One ol the most extraordinary of these repositories is that near tbe coast of California, about time hundred and twenty mili-s south from San Francisco, where th<? usual indications of petroleum were so great that parties, on learning tho fac', at once proceeded to make explo rations. i he importance of these indications of a great petro leum region was ii 1 appreciated by the early explorers and settlors in California frrn the Atlantic btates ; and none suspected that tbe ?il of this district was dest hed to aJd another product to the resources of the State, un equalled perhaps in valuo even by that of her wonderful mines of the precious metals. Even ibis indications of the vast quantities of petroleum on the surface have been re gar Jed by the owners of the estates as a detriment to their prop?rty, inasmuch a* they caused a loss of their live stock, in which tbe value of their ranches chiefly consisted, by tli* animals becoming drowned in the great pools of petroleum The exudations have the effect to reuaer bar ren tracts of land of a uule square, nmre or less, in tbe midst ot afinn agiicnltural district. The first attempt to R;p'y this petroleum to useful pur poses was made about two years ainco by Mr. Gilbert, who, underntanding its nature, and finding it in abundance issuing from many springs upon tbe property, put up for himse f a refinery upon a small scale be drew the crude oil chiefly from one of the great wells, from which he ob tained four hundred barrels without apparently diminish ing the supply. In tbe summer of 1SC4 Prof Sill man ex amined this locality, and in a letter, dated at Buentvena tura, Santa Batbara county, July yd, 1H64, he writes: "The property covers an area of 18,000 (eighteen thou sand) acres in one body, on which are at p es*nt at least twenty namral oil wells, some of them of the largest sir.e 1 he oil is ttrnugling to Ihe surface nt eveiy available point, and is running away down the riveis tor mile* and mites. Artesian wel.s will lie fruitful along a donble line of thir teen milt-a, for at least twenty-live miles in linear ex tent. The ranch is nn old Hpanieh grant, of four leagnes of lend, lately contirror-d, and ol perfect title ft baa, as I said, about. eighteen thousand acres in it of the linest land, watered by four rlvsis, and measuring in a right line in all near thir teen miles. Asa lane.h it is a splendid estate, bnt its valae is its almost fabnlon* wealth in tns best of oil." The report of Prof. Si!l<man fully confirms his first im pressions, and presents more complete details of the won derful resources of this property. A KJAXJDT BATTLE WITH WDikWi:' J ^ i The Denver (Colorado) NeWs of December 8fch giro# full tccounta (}f tbejpecaot severe buttle between Colorado troops and the Cheyenne ludiaus, iu wbioh (be latter were surprised afleraforoy uM>r*bof forty iniles, and an entire tribe almoat exterminated, including several distinguished chiefs. The official report la aaYollowa : Headquarters i5|8tAiot of Colorado, In the Field! Cheyenne County, South Bend, Big Handy,-November S9, 1804. To Major Geu. 8. K. CURTIS,Tort i^eaveiiwortk General : In the last ten daya myf command baa marched three hundred miles?one hundred of which the j^ow waa two feet deep. Alter a march (ft frtrly milea ^iiight, I, at daylight tbia morning, attacked a Chey hundJlege of one hundred and thirty lodge#/ from nine ChitA J0 0,10 thousand warriora atrorg.- Wo hilled and bei??> Kettle,> Whito Antelope, ami LitHe Kobe, tured betTt?j'ur ^ ?ve hundred other Indiana, and oap Our lum i> n?H',nr and hundred ponies aud mules, noblv I tbiS^ B"d thirty-eight wounded. All did eitfhtv milea distant'' oa*h ?"?" mor" of them hbout eighty miles diataftt, v ym()ky Hll]( yf0 f?UI1d tt white man a aoalp, not d#yi ^ h |ll<Jgft. n i? I ' J. M. Chivikg run, Commaaa. Dl<triot ilf Uolorado, ?u?.i. ju(jiftH Expedition. Private letter, give the followingparticulari: '?Our luaa ia eight killed,, pue ^ #bout forty wounded. Tho Indian loaa ta varioualy a.^ated ot froBQ three to five hundred?I think about three h ,ired?be tween five aud aix hundred Indian saddles, ^n<t ver oue hundred lougea, with ail tbeir camp equipage, x.'^0it Kettle, White Antelope, One Eye, and other chiefs ! among the killed. I think tbia the severest chastisement ever given to Indiana in battle on the Americau continent. Our men fought with great enthusiasm aud bravery, but with aome disorder. There are plenty more Indiana with in a few daya' march." Another letter pays: " We start for another band of red skins and shall light differently next time. I never saw more bravery displayed by any set of people on th? face of thd earth than by those Indians They wculd charge on a whole company singly, determined to kill aome one be fore being killed themselves. We, of course, tpok no pri soners, except John Bmitb'a aon, and he was taknn sud denly ill in the night and died beforo morning T (ball leave here as soon aa I can see our wounded sartely on the way to the hoapital at Fort Lyon, for tbe villages of the Sioux, which are reported about eighty milea from here ou the hmoky Hill, and three thouaand strong So lock out for more fighticg, I will atate for tbe coaaideration of gentlemen who are opposed to lighting theae red stioun drela, that I was shown, by my chief surgeon, tbe ocalp of a white man, taken from the lodga of one of the chiefs, which could not have been more than two or three daya taken, and I could ixientiou many more things to show how these Indians, who have been drawiug Government rations at Fort Lyon, are and have been acting " TRIAL OF THE THIRTEEN. Tbe decision of the Supreme Court of Appe .1 settles the question of tbe right of association in France. Thir teen gentlemen have been finally pronounced guilty of se dition, because they met at the house of M. Gamier Pages, previous tor tbe last general election, to confer upon the best means of securing tbe return of certain Opposition candidates. The discrepancies confessedly existing be tween their individual convictions precluded tbe possibility of any charge being made against them of dynastio or de mocratic plottings. A moro heterogeneons assemblage, for tbe size of it, never existed 'Legitimists, Orleanista, and Republicans were met together in a private dwelling, without tbe show or affrctatii n of publicity, to ascertain bow far tbey could honorably eo-operate in promoting the return of independent cmdidates to tbe Corps Legislatif. 1 he only t-et tbey agreed to acknowledge was that of in dependency of Government iifluenee: the only ?qnal fica tion tbey held indispensable was that a man should not be iu Impei lal livery. Bourbonista were therta of the Berryer type, and ultramontanista of tbo school of M Falloux. M. Thiers had hia admirers, and Odillon Barrot had hia friends. Jules Favre and Cr; mteux uumbered in the gathering two or three of their allies. Past differences were laid aside and former resentments hushed, with the commoN aim and for the commou purpose of securing, if possible, such n minority in the Chamber nominally empowered to make laws and impose taxea, as might give utterance to tbe rea aonable dissent of a large portion of the community from the fore gn and financial policy of tbe Government. No question whatever waa raided of organic change. Not a word was aaid of altering the suffrage, of modifying the Le gislature, or of changing the succession to tbe throtie. No more was sought than the practioal ex rcise of liberty to think aud speak as educated men in a civilized country al wa>a have claimed and must claim to do. If universal suffrage was not meant to be a mockery in France, it was tbeir admitted privilege, nay, their moat obvious duty, to consider beforehand whom tbty should elect. Tjie act of voting wben tbey had made up tbeir minds might bo per formed silently instead of viva voce; but the previous in quiriee and discussions aa to tbe character and capacity' poaaeaaed by candidates must be open, and the means ol comparing beforehand their relative strength and accepta bility must somehow or other be lound. The voting would obviously be of little avail without the inquiry. * * To tell the French people tbey may vote for or against the Government nominee iu each prefecture ia neither in sound or sense to aay that they may elect representatives To elect does not mean to choose between suiting or snarl ing ineffectually at the nomination of a particular indi vidual, or, on the other hand, making a show of aFS.*nting thereto. To eloct, means to choose from am< ngst several, or between two. Unless freedom of caudidature be r? - cognised, the form of what is miscalled election ia simply an rgregioua cheat, politically meaniugleaa, aud morally worth nothing But tbe liberty of can Hdature ia likewise empty imposture, if previous conference and comparison of the contributive strength of aectioia and clashes of tbe community be inhibited. Without the right of peaoeab!e association, it is impossible, perhaps, in any oonutry, but, above all, in France, that there should be freedom, of can didature or freedom of choice. Napoleon Ilf compre hends thia well; and therefore the Procureur Imperial baa b'en engaged for many moutha in bunting from court to court thirteen gentlemen who acted aa an Opposition Com mittee in Paris previous to tbe last general election. He baa nnw succeeded in obtaining final judgment against them from the Conrt of Appeal, nnd they await tbeir eeu tence. It waa argued cogently, but of cm ran ujoootiuc ingly, by MSI. Deamarest, Picard, and Berryer, that the law against political societies tending to control or modify the policy of tbe Government bad not been violated, be cause no twenty individuals could be named amongst whrm any privity exiated on the subject of Imperial jeal ousy. The namea of tbe defendants iu tbe indictment were alone forthcoming , and it was only inferentially proved that there might or most have been as many more in cor respondence with them. Ia vain tbe counsel for the de fence challerged the proacrtitora to say who these anurr mous associates might be. Thn court ruled that this was unnecessary. In vain tbey asked whether departmental or town committees would be equally held to be illegal, ae the It gio of inculpation seamed to impl>: the court put this a?ide as a question not before them. Ia vain the venerable Berryer, bis brow enwreatbed with tbe homage paid by tho English Bar to his courage and c< infancy, ad fared the judges to rise superior to tbe superstitious reg ?rd for technicalities, an' lo construe the law as ona which must presumably have been made in a spirit and in a sense worthy of an enlig'iteued Government and an enlightened people. Ho seemed to tbem as one who mocked ; and no heed whatever was given to his noble appeals. Nothing is now left to popular disoontent in Franoe but to conspire Its mouth is shut; it can only for th< future beck m and make secret signs?a terrible alternative for despotism! [London Examiner. BURNING OF A WILL. A few days sgo the will of the lateToomaa Jaini?on, who resided near 8t. George's, was burned under the following singular circumstances : Mr. .Jamison, recently deceased, had left his large estate, about a hundred thousand dollars in value, principally to hi* sons, leading his daughters, three in Dumber, only six thousand dollars each, coupled with the strange condition that that amount should be forfeited if they married without the consent of the executor, Mr. Thomss J Craven. The will was drawn by Charles B. Lore, Esq., and witnessed by Mr. Eli Biddle. It ws< read after the burial of JaraiBon. A few evenings altrrwanis the young ladies sent for Mr. Craven and desired to look at the will iio went there, and found a hot fire in the stove, a table opposite, with seals on the side near the stove for the ladies, and on the further side from the stove for himself. One of the ladies stated that she wi?hed to examine some items, and requested the will lo be handed to her. Mr. Craven complied with her request, but, sus pecting her intention, moved to the opposite side of tb?i table and sat alongside of her. Blie examined the will carefully, when be perceived Miss Annin Jamison open th* stove door. He at once moved to take hold of the will, suspecting her intention, when his suspicions were allayed by her asking her sister for Ibe pok?r. Thinking she wish ed only to poke the fire, he lelt rather ashnuifd of his sus picions, when he was handed Harper's Mngaxine to look at. 'I his for a moment diverted his attention, when, in an instant, the will was handed to Annie, with the leaves all opened, and rammed into the hot stoVe, Mr. Craven push ed on one aide, the light was put out, and the will, before ha could interfere, destroyed forever. Tb? will has Dot been recorded, but Charles B. Lore, Esq. has a copy The ladies say they would not mind toe small amount of money left them, but they do object to one not connected with tbo family having any thing to say in their matrimonial engage merits. The caso will be heard before the Register, and more than probable come before the court at Newcastle. LACK OF MEN AT THE SOUTH Tho iollowlog letter from an oflloer lu Gen. Sherman'* army, who accompanied it through ita inarch from Atlanta to Savannah, affords an interesting inside view of the con* dition of the Confederacy a? it appeared to an intelligent observer. r It will ba seeu that the writer was necessarily ignorant of Qen. Thomas's glorioas victory: Army of the Terressee, fMr Savannah, December 15, 1864. The first stage of our campaign >? over. We have sue* oesifully marched through the heart of the enemy's oouu try, meeting with little or no opposition, finding few if any men, and living on one of the richest sectious of oar land; and now we lie in lines of investment abound the piiuoipai city of the great oottjn State?Georgia. "Our suooess ao fir has been all that (Jen. Sherman could have anticipated. We have destroyed their great base of ootnmu uoatlon between Virginia and the Southwestern States; have abut up in N&vauuah some fifteen or twenty thousand men, and can afford to wait pa ieuty until bm g^r dona its work on them, eatug ourselves hard tack a .a such d-lioaoies as our firusnd* at the noi th may choosn to send us, m we have eutuWiahod a base of supplies m Ossubaw Bound, ready to receive Just such favors. This march demonstrates clearly to my miod that the strength of the Confederacy is narrowed down to their armies operating iu Virginia, in Tenn-esee, and the forces under Kirby .Smith in the tran*-Musi?sippi deptrtment. The reb- ls have exhausted their recouroes so far as men are concerned f and that i? as far as they have exhausted them. '1 hey have plenty ot provisions of every hind They bad good lines of communication And they experience, ao far as I could s -e, but little iuconvenieuce Irom the depre* elation of their currency; for, aa it is not a medium of ex* change between the Confederate States and the rest of the world, it matters but little to the formers of Georgia whether they buy a pound oi, flour for ten oents old cur acy, or ten dollars of the new, qither amount represent* 'ug\u ?uch standard article the same value. I don't mean lo aay vhat these sauio farmers would be willing to reoeive tee depreciated trash, if they bad an open market, and uinae th?ir purchases on a basis of gold and silver. Bat when every thii ^ is reckoned on the basis of Confederate money, that money answers the purpose as well as any thing else n? a medium of exchange. 1 he Confederate authorities have therefore Utile trouble to bui. ply their armies with everything that the country produces, as the people take their money with apparent cheerfulness in exchange for th. ir produce, but men they cannot get. To defend feavaun h they have drawn most heavily from. the gijrisous ii Caarleston, Wilmington, Augusta, and almost every other point aooessible; and by shutting this force up in Savannah until they are starved into a burrtiid^r, we are cripp ing the rebels as muoh as if wo had withdrawn justuo many.men from their effective fighting foice. Wb?.n ?av6nhah falls?as fall I feel it must?we have an excellent base, aud cat move to Aa* gusta, one hundred atid twenty Keven miles into the inte* nor, supplying our army by the Savannah river, which is uavigab.e to that point. Then, with Augusta as a secon dary base, where will not Sherman go? You may think I am counting my clnckeua before tney are hatched Bat Sherman, 1 know, feels oonfiJeut that he can and will take Savannah ; and be ia by far too restless a man to remain quiet in one pince very long. TEE KEBKL SITUATION. In the rebel Senate, a few days 6go, the pending ques tion being a measure for the reformation of rebel finances, Mr. Herry S. FuOte declared if the bill was defeated the war would bo virtually at an eud. He then drew the following cheerless picture of the affairs of the Confederacy We quote: " I he policy of tho present House aeoraa to bn to crush not dissatisfaction by armed violence alone, in imitation of that thorough pol cy introdnc-d nud enforced in England by the celebrated Harlot Strafford, tbe enforcement of which speedily brought Charles the First to the block, but before Wiraffurd had lost his own head. Ten days hence freedom of deliberation will have been eff-dually extinguished in this body, by means which 1 may riot specify. The free dom of the press will, in all probability, come to an eud about the same time by the operation ot causes which I have heretofore di?cu<sed in this hall. Iu the midst of these alarming cecuneuces, and white corruption j* known to be diffusing itself along all the channels of official inter* course, what is the condition of our armies 7 Let nobly and successfully defending JLticbinoud and Petersbmg The unjust, unwise, and deeply criminal displacement of tbe gallant and efficient Johnson from the command of (jm Army of Tennessee, and the transfer of that army to tbe neighborhood of Nashville, have opened all Southern Geor gia, South Carolina, arid Alabama by the army of dh man Fort MoAllister has fallen. Havaonah ia about to isll. The fate of Charleston seems only to be deferred a lew 4?y? later. Huod's army has already met with a great faster at franklin, and, in my judgment, is fatally compromised. Presidential interference is the cause of all these dire mis chiefs, as it was of the result of the unfortunate hat')# of Murfree?boro, ami the still more disastrous one c.t.Mu sionary Bidge. should Hood's army be destr v<*l aa event which I fear is but too probable?and Saermat. should come round to this vicinity iu shios?which t d not doubt he now intends?what will be the fate wf KicL mond f" In the rebel House of Representative! on Saturday last Mr. McMullen, of Virginia, offered resolutions in favor of sending within the Union lines commissioners to treat witn tho representatives of tho Government at Washington for a restoration of peace. Ia reply to a question Mr. MoMul leu stated that Il.sbop Lay, who recently arrived in Rich mond, had been a-sured by Gen. Grant that any such oom missionms would be allowed to pass through his lines. Mr. McMulleu claimed that each State has a right to open negotiations with the Federal authorities. r2ba Charleston Courier ment ous what it calls "some* thing of a panic iu Savannah" last Friday. It says that " si m# croakers were ready and willing to give up," and that -'soice of the warehouses and depositories of pro visions were opened, und all persons told to help tbem? selves." Three severe charges of Sherman's men on the rebel lines in front of the city on Saturday were reported. The Richmond journaliof Monday have learned of Hood's defeat. Tbe Examiuer severely consures Gen. Davis for i', clofi ig its article as follows: " 1 hen followed the President's harangues containing the t 'an of the new campaign, which is just uow concluding at Savannah and NauCvtile. We Lave never trusted tbe pen t > make auy rema>k> upon the baraugaes; and th* ohron* icle of events, which a painful duty compels us to publish day by day, lurnishes ?n elucidation nud a commtutuy wuiou no words aud n ? pen will ever rival. Enough it u to say Ihwt fortune fled from the Southern staudard when Johnston's band was removed from tho staff: and the evil spirit wbicb had haunted Bragg returned into ths army when Hood assumed command." COITON CULTURE IN INDIA The Calcutta Englishman uf October 96th baa the fol lowing remark* upon the cotton crop of the north weatem province* of India, from which it appear* that the culture of the staple was increased fifty per cent, during the present year: " From a report ol the ? ard of Ilerenue, which wa hrive lately received, it appeais that, after making every allowance for the effects ui drought ami other drawback*, the oat-turn of cotton this year u estimated Ht 2 000,000 of maunda, ngsinst 1,136,68a maiinda in the previoua s.ason. Ol thia nun tint it i* suppoaed aoout one-fourth will be re tained for domestic consumption, and th i remainder ex ported. I he area under cultivation has increased upward* of fifty per ?ent, i he er>ps displaced are principally jowar, b?jra, pulses, leniiN, and, to touie extern, wheat; but indigo, rice, gr?m, and even su^ar cane have been occasionally di^plac-d to make way for tbe favorite crop. What ir siill more encouraging greater enro and attention are being beatowed on tbe ciop than formerly. 'Men, women, and children,'say* the report,4 were continually to be seen in the field weeding, clearing, loosening the earth at>ont the yourig plants, and fondly contemplating tbe crop upon which nil their hopes are thia year centred.' " l ht-re enn be littio d iiibt mat tne secret oi tain change lie* in tbe lact that tbe c ops *re their own, aud not, a* lor merly, those of their Mob J tins Tne ab*urd notion that tt* ryot would not, benefit by tiie inornate of price ba* been entirely fata lied by ibe event. The flr?t etfVot of tbe high price* was to lr< e the ryota from their Mubajun* i and they are n >w able t. di*^o>e of t:;eir pn d ice at the market rate*. A. continuance of *ueh prices w .uld soon ahow how much of the apatny and iuailTerenoe that were for merly supposed to lit) Innate and ineradicable waa reallv to be attributed to tbeir perpetual indebtedness. " With the out :,uiti of cotton increasing at the pr j-ot rafe, however, tbt>*f> pnees Could not pos-ibly be bmuj tnined, even if the American war wer? to last forever I ho native manufacture of cott n ftuffs ia erery wliera much depressed, and in tbe eastern district* the tiade Is said to have almost entirely ceased. Tne demand f i Eu ropean fabrice* alto has, as a necessary tesuli of tba pre vailing high prioer, grea'ly diminished. Apart fro#* tba manufacture of native cloth* lor a.ile, ther? U the bom a inat.ulacttire. by producers emplo>ing native weaver* to work up their own cotton for dome t..cu?e, whichi?e f.a^a alluded toin a former article. It. moat not be ?npfwwad that the report allude* to thia when it Rp<aks of tt nm ufacture ot native cloths having dituiniaued. On tl > < r irtry, the < flioial account* from several dmricta ? ? ' a l> refer to thia kiud of manufacture as having gri ? i? orea*ed." Naturalist* have remaiksrl that the *quirrel i? ually chatting to bis fellow squirrels in tbe woods I'h,*, we have every reason to *op;>u*e, arUei from tb a tuai love of goasip, a* he i* notoriously one of the grea' ?t Ui> bearer* among the tribe.