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6 S&e WLicdVx ailij gagle : 3$terttiesifcag ptoruitig, gnujust 4, 1886. hs Bl 4a tiil&Vrpi&U OLD CUSTOMS IN CI1LVA. REFORMS WHICH HAVE BEEN AC COMPLISHED BY THE ENGLISH. THE COLLEGE OF EMPORIA, i EMPORIA, KANSAS. J- CHT7ECH Superstitions That tlio Natives Still Cling to In Spite of Outside Prcssuie The Suppression of Suicide Kidnapping of Women Thrashing Wives. Tho people of India have stubbornly resisted the changes that have gradually taken place since tho establishment of Eng lish domination in that country. But there is every reason to hope that western civil ization will make itself effectively felt there in tho future. A correspondent writes that slat cry and infanticide, the two greatest curses ol the country, have been suppressed as far as a go eminent of half a dozen Hu ropcans, unaided in the least by public opinion, has been able to effect it. Infanti cide, he says, though probably still common among tne higher castos, is not now camel on as a recognized privilege sanctioned by law and usage. If a husband sells his wiio it-is not done in the open market, as it was down to ltS. "Widows are no longer put up at auction by the heirs and relatives of their deceased husbands. An elder brother has no longer such power in his family that ho can tell his o n sisters or younger broth ers into slavery to pay his debts at least he can not do so openly. A whole race, the Dums, weio until this century held as sla os and could bo bought like so many cattle, lhat is no longer the case. What lvumaon used to be like wo can in some degree judge by tho present barbarous con dition of -ejal, a condition to which I be lieve Kumaon would return after ten years of native rule. US.YCKS OF THE PEASANTRY. The English have done what they could, but custom has been too strong lor them in many directions; the marriage of children is just as common as formerly, the rule of tho Brahman ;ust as hard, tho condtion of women ju-st as low. Certain usages of tho peasantry still remain but little shorn of their original barbaritt'. The kalatari game was introduced from Nopal, but tho same custom pi evails in many cities of western Asia, at Shini, for instance. On an annual festival tho crowd divided into two parties and a mimic battle v.as fought with slings. Many were inured by tho stones, and all the prisoners were sacrificed to Devi (Kali. Mr. Colvm, resident at Kathmaudu, was in jured while watching this "sport," remon strance were made with the Gurkha gov ernment and accordingly tho people now pelt a bow Ider instead of each other. But in Jumla, boti, and tho Rali valley, I be lieve the kalatari is still practiced, and at J hula I met a man who had lost an eye on such an o casiou. A singular custom is tho basti or rope festival. Every little group of Kumaoni villages has its own family of bad is or pro fessional acrobats and ropo dancers. They are a low, do-iisod caste, they own no land and have no agricultural duties. It is be lieved that grain sown by a badi will not germinate, and that if ho drives tho plow the oxen will fall down in tho furrow and die. A badi is tho chief actor in tLo Lasti ceremony. When the crops are endangered by a long drought, when tho foot-and-mouth disease breaks out among the cattlo, when an unavenged mur der brings a curse on tho field where it was committed, when a man eating tiger infests tho jungle, the wrath of the gods is averted in the following manner: A rope of great length and strength is stretched slantingly from tho top of tho ridge or precipice to the bottom of the valley below. On this is placed a wooden saddle groovod underneath, and the badi bestrides it at the top of the cliff, balanced by two heavy bags of sand tied to his feet, and speeds w hizzing down tho long descent Formerly if he lost his equilibium and fell, tho peasants made a rush at him and chopjxxi him into small pieces with their knives; nowadays he merely forfeits his pay. This is very con sidoi ablo for Kumaon he gets a ruj)eo (40 cents) for o ery fifty yards of rope, and tho rope is sometimes 3,000 feet along. It is then untied and cut into small lengths, which are scattered over tho fields. Tho Lasti is now perlormed chiefly in Garhwal, but tho village Ladis are still maintained at tho public expense throughout Kumaon, and near Khati 1 was hhown a precipico where tho rope had formerly been stretched. It could not have been less than oOO or 000 feet high. THE SU1THESSION OF SUICIDE. Ono of tho best things tho English have done in Garwhalistho suppression of suicido at Kidarnath, w hero crowds used to gather on festal occasions to see men jump over tho cliff and die in honor of Siva. In these days they devote themselves there less publicly; they wander around in tho snow above tho lofty slirino at tho source of the Ganges till they gink exhausted by cold and fatigue, and tho sleep they think will bring them to the blessed abodes of Kailasa falls upon them. Suicide by leaping over preci picas is still common in India, and ono mountain Gimar, in Kathiaw ar, is par ticularly celebrated for tho frequency of these acts. Their suppression at Kidanarth was a triumph of English sagacity. The templo Brahmans were told that if such thiugs occurred in future they would bo held resiwnsible. It was. in fact, tho ex hortations of tho priests, tho muic, tho garlands, tho rapt admiration of tho as sembled crowds that drove tho poor fanatics to tho fatal leap. Tho women of Nepal aro greatly desired us -wires becau-e they work well and don't mind being thrashed. Perhaps liko the Kir gi7 women they regard it as a proof of af fection. Tho law, however, forbids them to marry out-ido of their own country. So tho young Kumaunis forma kidnaping com pany limited, and the way in which they conduct business Is this: They hire a ped dler to go about among tho Nepalese vil lages just beyond the Kali, and while he peddles ho tells tho women extraordinary ios about the delights of Kamaon, and in duces a numi or of them to agree to run away gnls who havo not been nought in marriage, wives unhappy in thoirs, and widows forbidden by Hindoo law to con tract another. But the only bridge over tho Kali is guarded at both ends by sol diers, and the river is swift and hard to cross. So some dark night tho shareholders meet and with a courage worthy, us the books say, of a better cauo, they form a line across the roaring water and pass the women over. Ihen they pick out the ones they like best, the nuptual knot is tied (lit erally, an important feature of the mar riage is the knotting together of tho cloth ing of tho brido and bridegroom) by some ' Gretna Green Brahman on tho Kumaon side of the stream, and the daring kidnaper has the satisfaction of getting a w ife with out paying a price for her, an advantage thoroughly upprociatod in India. Cor. New York Tiibune. The l'reparntiun of School Dinners. In preparing school dinners, omit the pies and cakes. Ihere is something about the business of studying and teaching that ren ders tho system unable to cope with these delicacies; put up instead of bread, graham gt?nis, johnnycake, crackers, any kind of meat, canned or fresh fruit, rice puddings baked in a small basin, baked apples, celery, onions, eggs, pot cheese, cornstarch custard, egg custard, pickles or cheese occasionally, radishes, once in a while a little honey, jelly or marmalade, or even sugar on the bread. I am sure that would be variety enough for ono term. If your little student has not sufficient appetite to relish plain lunches without much variation, he is not in a prox.r condition to be studying at all. Hunger is tho best sauce. Minneapolis Housekeeper. '.'Smm OPEN TO BOTH SEXES. THREE COURSES OF STUDY: THE CLASSICAL. THE PHILOSOPHICAL AND THE LITERARY. Experienced and Competent Teachers; Thorough ness hi Work; Curriculum as high as the best Eastern Colleges. SPECLVL ADVANTAGES in ART, MUSIC and the MODERN LANGUAGES. EXPENSES VERY REASONABLE. The next session opens on Wednesday, Septem ber 8th, 1SS6. Full particulars and catnloiaies may be ob tained by addressing the president. Rev. John F. Hendy, D. D., dfHlm E5IPOP.LV, KANSAS. J. M. ALLEN & CO., (Successors to Allen & Tucker.) F. W. SWAB, (SUCCELSOU TO F. STACKMAN-) Merchant Tailor. -Keeps on hand Fne Goods of the latest styles. The largest stock in the city. Satisfaction guaranteed. No trouble to show goods. Call and see me. F. W. SWAB, 1st door N of County Building. B. COHN, Wholesale Cigars, 125 "West Douglas Avenue. WICHITA, KANSAS. M. A. McKENZIE & CO., Manufactuier of Fine Carriages, r BUG&IES And SPRING -:- WAGONS. o Repafrina:, Repainting and Trimming 1'iomptly Attended To. Wichita, Kansas. Citj Trade Solicited and SaUNfaction Guaranteed. SIBMiT? i.'- vTiCT CARRSAGEWQRKS. J PI 1 ; B $ SL 4 I fc I II lamJ AMI mm, fhCL<l ft B.f U t Ui! u ejes rao.il mwi .r isnw J c 'A jui.li n,f. ;:.. MrritlSL. rVrji.a i lU.riilTMVflHrilPv'eJBfckr-r Wilde Retail Grocers i EAGLE J C, O. DAVIDSON, President. R. S. CATES, Examiner. H. W. GILMAN; Yice-Pres., Nashua. H The Davidson Loan Company PAID-UP CAPITAL, $60,000. Money Always on Hand to Loan on Improved Farm and City Property. Have Loaned More Money in Southern Kansas than any Company in the State. OFFICE WITH CITIZENS RANK, Northwest Corner Main Street and Douglas At enue. j WICHITA, KANSAS. ZB. D. ALLEN, Notary Public. G. W. GRAHAM. ALLEN, GRAHAM I CO., (Successors to Wichita Laud and Loan Company.) Negotiate Loans, Sell Lands, Place Insur" ance and Make Collections. TAXES PAID FOR N0N-RESIDENTSz ZZTZCORRESPONDENCE SOLICITED I 003I l-OVER ISRAEL RROS. DRCG STORE. TTTTTTTT' T." C t DOUGLAS AVENUE. lAJLJLjL X-OL, JLVVO. SNIVELY & WILHITE, The Restless, Sleepless and Reliable Real Estate, Loan, Insurance Firm. Go to them for bargain'. Theydrlvo their own team?, keep zkx1 carriages, and show their projierty cheerfully, and they cell it too. Write Insurance, do Conveyancing, Rent Houses, make Collections and Pay Taxes. L. N. WOODCOCK, Kx-County Treas'r. B. S. GARRISON, E. A. DORSET. Ex-County CPk. WOODCOCK, DORSEY & CO., REAL ESTATE, ABSTRACTS k LOANS Office, Dorsey Building, Opposite Court House, wichita, :Ki.A.2sr. H. L. TAYLOR DWIGHT BEACH. LEE TAYLOR TAYLOR, BEACH & CO. Real Estate Aients and Insurance Hers. WICHITA NURSERY. C. H. FINK & SONS, of the old established and reliable nurseries at Lamar, 3Io , would respectful! Inform the public that they have made arrangements and w 111 Mart a branch nur-ery in Wichita. Also that they are now taking ordt.ru for nursery stock to le supplied from their nurseries at Lamar, JIo., until they can grow the stock In their branch nur- hery at Wichita, and hope to receh e the patronage of the citizens of Wichita and Sed,jw ick county. Mr. F. M. Miller, General Agent, will represent the firm at this place. Office at Commercial Hotel. MONEY TO LOAN On Mel Mortgages and (Jitj Property, IN SMALL OR LARGE AMOUNTS. SHORT TIME AT THE LOWEST RATES Town-Site Company, A.T WICHITA,. KAN. Have for sale, on line of WICHITA & COLORADO RAILROAD north-west of Wichita, town lots at new towns of MAIZE, 9 Miles from WICHITA. COLWICH, 14 " WICHITA. ANDALE, 20 WICHITA MTHOPE, 26 HAVEN, 33 Wichita Banking Company and Farmers Banking Co, 116 WEST DOUGLAS AVENUE. J. R. HOLLIDAY. O. WILBUR. The Best Companies are represented by us. If you want an In surance Policy written, or have Real estate for sale, or wish to Pur chase, call on us. MONEY LOANED ON FARMS OR CITY PROPERTY- OFFICE OVER LEWIS' SHOE STORE. HO Zj.I35T aTIE&IEJIST, -WICHITA. IKA.Xvr: OTTIR, 0W2sT Cotton Flannels. SAMPLES AND PRICES FURNISHED ON APPLICATION. AGENTS FOR ALL MARKETS. SAMUEL C. DAVIS & CO, SAINT LOUIS, MO. JOHN DAVIDSON, Pioneer -:- Lumber -:- Man OF SEDGWICK COUNTY. Established in 1S70. A Complete Stock of Pine Lumbe.r Shingles, Lath, Doors, Sash, etc., always on hand. Offlco anil vard on Mariet street focfn ecn Donjla avenue and First strvet. Piymell & Leighton's Stage Line. 5 c fttlil1l I I ii7VrirH 4tfa)i00 fl C IbcCwtorS . D PWJl5 rf.vfi S I tST& I T Meade H i.. VUr City 51 - fe""" Um -.. Center Fsrgo Spnr.gj ALL ABOARD Pa-o-oncer for Scad Center. Rainbolt, Wct Plain. MertllLv Fjuvo Spritu.anJ all ioInts In South western KanM-s will ave time and money by golntj via LEIGHTOXA FLYMEUS LLVE. Headouarter it Clmamcn and Garden CItr. Both Jaj and nlgut trains now- stop at each of lhte point. B. K. BROWN, Furniture t Jewelry. DOUGLAS AVENUE, WICHITA, KANS. J. R. HOLLIDAY I CO., Wichita Grocery, Successors to MAJOR & II0LLIDAY, Dealers in STAPLE and FANCY GROCERIES. No. Ill E. Douglas Ave., Wichita, Kan. ZIMMERLY'S ADDITION. Now is the time to buy lots in this addition while they are cheap. ONE MILE SOUTH ON LAWRENCE AVE. Street cars and lare brick School house in connection. For further in formation call at 6 1 1 S Market st. Trains are now running: regularly on Railroad from Wichita to Mount Hope. , . These towns are in , the best portion of Sedgwick County, Kansas. Maps of Towns and Prices can be had as hereinafter set forth : At Wichita, call on N. P. Niederlander or Koa Harris; At Maize, call on H. F. Rhodes; MONEY TO LOAN ON" City Property, Chattel Mortgages AISTD PERSONAL SECURITY. -LOWEST -:- RATES! NO -:-DELAYS!- L. B. BUNNELL & CO. FRANCIS TIERNAN & CO., CONTRACTORS AND BUILDERS OF Water and G-as Works PARTICULAR ATTENTION GIVEN TO CITIES IN KANSAS. OFFICE KW COR. 5TH and JIAP-JCET STS. ST. LOCIS. W I T Ml T A If A M OFFICE X W COP. MAIK and DOrGLAS AVENUE. ' U " ' ' A AM Correspondence Solicited. At Oolwich, call on Geo. W. Steenrod; At An Dale, call on J W J 1 T. H. Randall and W. S. Mackie, for Mt. Hope loti. THE "EAGLE CO." HAVE ALSO FOR SALE L0T3 IN "Junction Town Company" Addition to "Wlchtia. This Addition is at junction of Ft. Scott and W. St C. Railroads one-half mile west of Bridge on Bisr Arkansas river, and are very desirable lots. Street cars will be in operation, connecting' thi Addition with the east side of the river in 1886. W. S. CORBETT. President. A. HES. J. H. BLACK. P'-crrtarr and Truwrer d. V. IQHXSOS. WICHITA Wholesale Groeer Company Jobbers of Groceries and Grocers' FIXTURES, SHOW CASES, SCALES, ETC. Nos. 233 and 235 North Main St, WICHITA, KAN. Price List of this Addition can be ?een by calling- on: F. G. SMYTH & SONS, Wichita. K03 HARRIS, Wichft. N. F. NIEDERLANDER, p. V. HEALY, " ANGLO-AMERICAN Loan Offic. O. MARTINSON, Resident on said Addition s a t & ?i T i AA ' V', h 4 .4' s " X& t - -s;-5srjfs.E'