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(Exo?pt Monday) V j, at Una iifjf DAILY PRESS BUILDING, 1111 Twonty-flfth Street, by the '' DAILY PRESS COMPANY. +.< ? 0< H, Thocker ..Editor and'Publisher L. E, Pugh ....Advertising Msnsgsr. The Daily FreM It riollvcred by carriers any? where In (be city llntltt (or 10 ccnt? ? neck. Any Irregularities In delivery ihotild bo Imme? diately reported to tho ofllco of publication, rden for delivery of tho Dally Treat to either C8lrten.ce or plauea of biiilncsi nmy be made by | ppatal card or tolephone. MAIL SUBSCRIPTIONS . (Payable luvatlably In Advance.) ?be Month. t .mi Three Moitllu. I1.?6 81s Month.. I2.MI One Year. sft.oo TELEPHONE NUMBERS. gdttorlal Roonu.Hell Thon? No. II Vuilooii Offlco.Holl 'Phono No. IHI ??jt*-? .... No employee or tlio Dally I'roee Company In Btltborlzcd lo'conlrecl any utilisation In tho Dame o( tbo company, or In make piiri'linane In lbs nama of tho isinc except upon order elRiicd by the I'fHI.ISIIKU OK Til K. DAILY I'RKHH. ?tjterart at tbo Newport Nevvi, Vs., Poilorttco ai lecoud-claii matter i .WlyDN&SDAY, AUGUST 8. 1900. CONtRACTi .WORK FOR THE GOV ?!-.? ml xtn ERNMENT. ' Triero Is' no renaon for surprise at the formal announcement of Attorney General iMoody'h opinion that war? ships being built undor contract at private yarda cannot he eonaldbrod government work. In ho far as the application of the eight hour law la concerned. The scopo of the deci? sion was not only foreshadowed lu . Washington dispatches, hut the view tnken by the attorney-general Ik the ? practical, common sense vlow tit tho subject. Under the Constitution I ho . law-making power has no right to In? terfere with tho operations of legal contracts between Individuals and corporations or between corporations and corporations. This principle Is too firmly established and has been uphold by too many courts to require argument lu Its hohalf. Of course, tbu government bus a perfect right , to specify tho number of hours Its own Individual employes are to work and It has a perfect right to apply those hours to the men engaged lu supervising the contract work on war? ships, but It Is uqually plain that II has no right to Interfere with the op eratlmiB of voluntary contracts enter? ed Into between a shipbuilding com? pany and its workmen. If tho shin wore a complete failure the los3 would not fall upon tho government, but upon the contractor. That one fact should clearly answer every con t tentlon advanced by those who wish lo make government regulations ap? ply. Thouo who are working for the uni? versal application of -the eight-hour rule dud little ground for hope that the reform may he brought about through legislation. Tho workers must depend upon their own resourc? es and upon their ability to convince the world at largo that the best Ih terests of civilisation will be advanc? ed by the adoption of the principle . for which they stand. AS TO GOOD AND BAD CHILDREN. ? This paragraph recently appeared In the Woodbine Georgian: "A I Illi? cit,! proverb says: 'Bad sons are horn, a bad mother never.' We have pro greased beyond the stage of belief or fueling represented In Hint saying. We now believe, declares Hie New York Tlme3, or affect to believe, that no bad sons are 'horn'?that there are not even any bud children, but that all badness Is developed In I ho adolescent period by the suggestion and example of the. social environ? ment. " The foregoing iprovokos this com? ment from Suggestion, the Chicago "now thought" magazine: "It Is now Universally recognized by psycholo? gists that all children are born 'good;' that a had child or an evil man or woman Is made so by ad? verse and undesirable suggestions. If S child is cross or vicious or cruel tbo cause will be found in the par? ents or guardians or touchers. It a Child associates with ovll companions the parents are at fault. Briefly stated, a bad child means u bad .par ? tint. A child's character simply re? flects tbo character of its associates. When all parents are 'good,' then all children will be 'good.'" All of which is Interesting, If true. ;: There are, however, certain concreto cases within the knowledge of nearly i every man which have a icnTlency.tn > Shatter this generalization. Some of the molt vicious reprobates alive have been ralBed la the families of notably pious and good ministers. Then, too, there. are. cases -without i','\'. 'Xl.-V^V. ? ! number where of two brothers, each^ raised under'the sumu InflueiiceB, one goes to the bud, while the other laj an honor to his family and to the human race. Can wo unreservedly accept the dictum: Oood parents nec? essarily menu good children? Dr. Crapscy, has. foubd eleven grounds for objecting to the decision against him. These Include attacks on the way the court was constituted, the way it curried on its business and Diu mittlre of its Undings. In cases of this kind It certainly seems that a decision should be reached without all the bickering which usu? ally characterizes u case in the secu? lar courts. If Dr. Crnpspy is guilty of heresy he should have been uhlc lo recognise lite fact without n trial at all, and should have withdrawn without going Into the "trial." To an outsider, however, it seems that the same old personal Hellish ideals, which have little to do with Christian principles, are Involved, und It Is Dr. Crapscy who Is being tried and It la Dr. Crapscy who Is seeking to establish bin personal views, rather than the tost of a great moral Issue. The South Dakota Republican State convention believes that "tariff ratou should he modilleil from I Into lo lime to meet changed conditions," and declares for the removal of tho taidff on lumber Immediately. If the, G. O. P. would lot each community lu the country name tho specific ar? ticles It desired to go oil the free list the country would he much near? er a free trade bus Is | hau tho Dem? ocratic party ever wished to place It. Wu ahm would have a practical dem? onstration of the truth of (loneral j Hancock's declaration Dial, the tariff la largely a locnl question. Oillclnla of n railroad running nut of Chicago have ruled that passen? ger conductors mqsl keep their trousers creased. Now If they will Just require that the brakomcu take voice culture ho that tho stations may bo called out lu a musical tone, travelling on that road ought to' ho about perfect. A Pittsburg man, heir lo $50,000, 000, feared blindness and killed hi in Beir. Which goes to show Hint tho man with his five senses properly duvoloped and has lu addition a good .appetite, is not such u pour mun uf I tor all. OLD HORSE IN CLOVER. Animal Owns Valuablo City Lots for His Own Pasturage. "My horse, Dick, I glvo nnd be? queath lo my sisters, Agnes and ICIlzabelli Savage. It Is my wish that they care for the horse as long as he lives, uay? I lie New York Her? ald." As tho result of the above provis? ion contained In tho will of George Savage, a plumber, of .Jersey City, who died on September 17, 1880, Dick, a horse, thirty-three years old, is living u life of ease and luxury, lie Is a property owner nnd holds a half Interest lu real estate. Dick capie Into the possession >f bis master ns a colt 'back In the i seventies, nnd for years he made dully tours of Jersey City In tin) shaftb of a plumber's wagon. Mr. Savage was deeply attached to the animal, which developed unusual in? telligence at mi early age. He 'bought five lots at 'Baldwin avenue and Clifton place as Dick's exc.luslvo pasturage. As the years rolled by he disposed of three of the lots, but he reserved two for the horse's es? pecial benefit. "tie's u good ohl boy." the plumb? er would often say. " and 1 don't pro? pose lnHl ',0 shall ever want for n small portion of this earth where ho can grase at will." After the plumber's death his sis? ters placed a wire fence around Dick's lots and saw to It that, every morning, excepting in the winter, ho was led from his stable in the rear of their home, nt No. 518 Mercer street, to his pasture. Fine homos were 'built around the lots, which are within n stone's throw of the City Hospital, and the zealous eyes of many real estate speculators were turned to "Dick's exclusive territory, hut all overtures for tho sale of the lots were turned down by the Misses Savngc. and the old horse grazes in supremo content? ment. A few duys ago the sisters were offered n good price fo^ the lots, but they said that the land will not bo in tho market as long as Dick jlvee. Dick raps with his rorehoofs against the side of his stall every morning nt six o'clock as a signal that he Is ready for his breakfast. \s soon as he pets It one of th" sisters, Miss Elizabeth Savage, grooms him and washes him down with oil of cltronelln to keep the mosquitoes away. * TT!^ Edna iBrown, thirteen years old. has become attached to the old horse . as e neighbor that she goes around That he is very grateful for the generous response of an appreciative public to his advertisements for the past few days. The $9.95 suits surely were snapped up. Won't you investigate and take advantage of I His Half-Price Straw Hat Sale And at the same time buy a pair of (hose sfc.'J.nu Ox v. fords in all leathers offered at *2.25. 2715 Washington Avenue every1 morning to see him ?ute in his lets ami in (lie evening loads him back to his slall. GROSSING SAHARA. The Condition* of Cnrnvnna nnil (he n '>n ii 111 y n'r Cnmela. The merchants who (It out a garfln (caravaui must stand all losses; coiipo quently great euro Is given to the se? lection of bntb the cnmela which carry the valuable merchandise and the men who accompany them. The tall and swjft riding camel known as the me hntl Is Heidorn mot with In northern Tripoli. The finest male draft cam? els; the Jamal, costing from ??0 (o $<">0 i nploee. with a carrying capacity of about three hundred weight, are used for transport, From consumption or the effects of the long strain scores often die by, the way and many, others nt the end of .the "voyage." 'tfljo wq'ges of (he men for conducting n.return car? go are sometimes as high as $0,000. Not only must tin* gartla sheiks have great courage and endurance, but must ho trustworthy traders and shrewd dip? lomats of no small caliber. Many of the sultans and chiefs, particularly the Tonarojrs, through whoso territories lie the gartla routes, exact not only hom? age, but tribute, from the garllu sheiks. To bring this tribute within a reason? able sum and secure n safe conduct re? quires extraordinary skill and tnct. The opportunities for dishonesty nHord? ed the g-jrftn men are many, and occa? sionally, men and goods are never heard from ngiilin?- Charles Wellington Fur? long In Harper's Magazine. -? Di'ittlala flu I'm 11 rii i "Two of the most troublesome pa? tients I have are members of my own profession," said a dentist In discussing tho tortures of teeth. "Strange to sny," ho continued, "ninny dentists, whether from .natural defects or early negli? gence, have exceedingly poor teeth, and its no practitioner can attend to his own we exchange services. If any of the patients of these two capable D. 1). S.'s are revengeful of disposition It would do them good to see them In the chair. All men are much more difficult sub Jects for dentistry than women, accord? ing to my own experience, but the wny tho two In question wriggle, writhe, gronn and cuss under tho ordinary oper? ations should be most gratifying to any ono who has suffered at their bauds."? New York Press. Hnln IIIMtH Oil. In certain parts Of India thp nil ex trnolod from u species of mite Is used In medicine as an external countering taut. The creature Is about half an Inch long and on pressure exudes an oil of a deep rod color. It Is only found for a few weeks at tho hngimiiug of tho. rainy season and Is. hence, known as the ntlii Insect. K. IS. ITIII contrib? utes a note on (ho chemical composi? tion of (his oil to the Journal and Pro? ceedings of (ho Asiatic Society. He concludes that (ho supposed modlenl virtues of (he oil are imaginary nud duo probably to Its red color. The Ilrorllt or II. Widow's Daughter?Mother, why do you tell people that I am only eighteen when you know I am twenty-four? Widow?Because eighteen'.* six years younger than twenty-four. Daughter Yes, I know, but surely I do not need the benefit of those six yenrs at my age, do I? Widow?Not at all. my child, but I do.?London Telegraph. Talking on m II I ah Level. We once beard Mr. Morley In a lin? guistic pride delightful as It Is rare say that when he and Mr. Gladstone sat down to talk both unconsciously stiffened their backs and looked to their periods.?London Outlook., The Ontr One In Hli Class. Mrs. GoUrox?I don't send Boggle to, a public school because be Is so unlike other boys. Ho has a private tutor of Ihli own. Mr. Blunt?I see. Your boy if, as you might say, in a claes by him? self.- New York Herald. Two Girls Are Drowned But the Men Are Rescued. WOMEN SUNK IN THE DEEP WATER Companions Tell How Accident Hap? pened and Coroner Releases Tlrem From Custody?They Admit Sky? larking In the Small Craft. (Hy .'.aiiocliitcd I'rcos.) MOUNT HOLLY, N. J., Aug. 7.? Coroner Doworth today discharged I the t wo men who had been arrested In connection with the death of two young girls by drowning In Itaneoeas Lake on Saturday night. The jury rendered a verdict or "accidental ' death." I .aura Boxarth and Susie Stilts, with Raymond Rninbu and Clurenco iCarmelln, went rowing on Rancocas ' Lake on Saturday night. Both men ' admitted that they had been drink? ing before entering the boat, and thai both girls look liquor. Rani bo testified Unit while be wad lowing one of the oarlocks gave way 'and bo fell back, upsetting tho boal. The two ?Irls sank without oven ' screaming for help, and did not rise, lie sahl I hat all four bad been splashing waler on one another nnd rocking the boat. He himself bad jumped out and climbed back, "Just for fun" before the oarlock broke. Laura Fllckner, of Masonvllle, aald she bad scon the party getting into the boat and had noticed the condi? tion of the two men. Turning to n friend she said: "If those girls come back alive it will be a wonder.' CLEMENCY FOR NEGROES. President Looks Into the Case of Alleged Murderers. (Hy Associated I'ress.) OYSTIOR BAY. Aug. 7.?Presided Roosevelt today granted a respite until November 1. of the execution of death sentence in the case of Roheri Sawyer and Arthur Adams, negroes, who- nre confined In the Wilmington, N. C, Jail, having been Convicted of mtirdor ami mutiny on the high seas. The Etny was granted because of the confession of Henry Scott who said oil the scaffold Just before he was hanged that he had killed the three officers and the cook of the schooner II. A. 1? rwlnd. which sail? ed from Philadelphia .January ?i. and for which the three wore con? victed. Another negro implicated in the mutiny was killed also by Scott. ALPINE AVALANCHES. them- Deadly Siinivullile? Arc Otttm stm in! n> h Snnnd. There nre many kinds of avalanches. There nre the powdery nvnlaiicbe, thn creeping variety, the glacier avalanche and others. When tho stm strikes upon the illimitable snow fields nnd the snow begins to move the mass In Its descent gathers weight and force, touring ttway enormous rock masses nnd millions of tons of soil, until ut length, with a noise like thunder, It expends Its fury on the level floor of n valicy where de? fenseless villages may be. A great avalanche of this kind hns an !uvisible forerunner almost ns destruc? tive as Itself. This Is tho terrific hurri? cane caused by tho air It displaces. It is no common sight to see giant trees uprooted, broken and twisted, the boughs wrenched from Bio trunk, leaves anil needles denn stripped from tho twigs and the very tops wrenched from a larch forest before ever tbo are Inuche Itself has struck tba wood. It Is on still tiny a when u lighted can? dle will hardly flicker in'the icy air that the danger is greatest. The snow hns been falling quietly yet heavily for several days anil has settled on precip? itous slopes ubove the village to nu im? mense depth. It needs but the slightest nnd almost Imperceptible vnuse to set it In motion. Had the wind been blow. Ing it would never have a massed to such depths, bnt would have slipped down In lesser quantities. On such days the postilion mutiles (he bells of his team; the father will chide bis child far slamming the door. Three euorw mous avalanches were once started In Switzerland merely by the sounding of the "Vlsl," or the ftr,st bell for church service. A bird itligbtlug. au icicle fall? ing from a rock?nnd the monster be? gins his downward rush. Villagers sometimes try to bring down ava lunches nt an advantageous time by firing off guns or even by shouting.? Woman's Home Companion. A Utile (Cinfrarerated, The witty "Jeorge Canning, Illustre* Ing the Hibernian tendency when ex? cited to hurry beyond the limits of good sense, tells this anecdote: An Irish divine, preaching against the vice of swearing and denouncing Its prevalence lr*-a certain town, said to the height of declamation: "Even the little children that can neither spenlc nor walk ruo nbout the streets blasjtl^mlng." OLD DOMINION LAND CO., HOTEL WARWICK BUILDING. Qct Acquainted with na and our war of doing business? Wo offer DEPOSITOR? every jri? lloge conservative banking will war? rant. Your Account Large or Small. ?' We Invite. \ THE CITIZENS' AND MARINE BANK W. A. POST. ProaldenL J. It. SW1NBUTON, Ylce-Prealdeat. J. A. WILLBTT. eaabler. ARTHCjt LBS. AibL Caahlar. v.. THE FIRST NATIONAL BANK U. 8. GOVERNMENT DEPOSITORY, CITY DEPOSITORY, CITIZENS' DEPOSITORY. Capital.,. ,....tl00.0W.0f).- J Stockholders' Liability ?. 100.000.00 j Burplua and Profite.|. 108.000.00 ? Other Resources Hak? Total Orer. ...... .....ll.tOO.tOt.M \ SCHMELZ BROTHERS BANKERS (City and County Depository.) o Issue certificates of Deponit for $50.00 or more, negotiable and pay- , ? ablo on demand. Drawing interest at the rate of FOUR PER CENT. ? o WE KNOW YOUR WANTS AND WANT YOUR BUSINESS. } THE STR0NQEST BANK IN THE CITY ZjLSiilJiSULSULJU^ B. QUINCY SMITH. ProsldenL A. L. POWELL Vice-Prsaldent. W?. H. KBLLOGO, Caahler. THE NEWPORT NEWS NATIONAL BANK CAPITAL- $100.000. U. 5, GOVERNMENT DEPOSITARY Transacts a genera> > basking bualneas. four per cent. Interest allowed on savings accounta THE TOY INVENTOR. III? HnrilfN? Tnak In to Cntrh the fancy of the Pnblle., The small Inventor Is nn Important factor In the mechanical toy Vmsiness. anil ho earns all of tjie living ho gets In thinking lip devices. Ho Is most con? cerned with the small mechanical toys, ai\l, in addition to the prime requisite of putting forth something novel, he wuHt get something which costs as lit? tle as possible and which catches the fnncy of the multitude. This last point is one which Is most dltllcult to cover.. No student of the subject hns ever yet) boon able to discover or deduce the cycle In which the public taste moves, and It Is still hit or miss as to whether a figure which walks on Its hands, nn airship with wings or an acrobat who works by gravity will be the best sell? er. Then, when the Invention has been' achieved, the inventor has still the problem of finding the maker who will buy It and pay a fair price. The in? ventor and maker arc In much the same position ns the writer and pub? lisher; both go through the same men? tal turmoil as to the timeliness of the eutput mid both take the same risks. The inventor who lias been in fbo business long lenrns at last the best places at which to offer his wares nnd has more or less of an iden of That they ought to bring him, and onco Im has acquired this knowledge his entire energy Is devoted to keeping up with the demand for newness. Something absolutely different from anything elso previously offered Is In general better thfln an Improvement of an old idea, and that. Is why In mechanical toys tbo mine device is seldom soon two seasons In succession.?Philadelphia Record. SCATTERS MONEY ON PRETORIA. Second Cabin Passenger Detained Because of His Peculiar Amusement. When the Pretoria, of the Ham? burg-American line, reached her Ito ?hokeii pier last night two of her pas? sengers were more than anzloUs to gai nthe shore, says the New York Herald. One as he came on deck looked as though he might-have come from the stokehold. An Immigration inspec? tor stopped him, <but he disappeared '/ ? down a ladder. 'When ho ngaln presented himself at the gangway he was garbed in clean yachting togs, with the word "Apache" worked lit white across his blue yachting shirt, lie said he had been one of the crew ow tho Apache when thai vessel raced across the Western, Ocean foY a cup offered by the Kaiser. In 'Kell lie had trodden the wine press and the Apache had sailed for other parts. Eventually he had made his way to Hamburg and ob? tained passage home by the Pretoria. 'He is still on 'board that vessel, the immigration officials being In doubt a.s to his right to land. There is also on board one Sieg? fried Walter, a second cabin voyager, who developed a mania for scattering money. He would promenade up and down the deck now nml then strip? ing whether some lucky passenger should catch H or the wind should carry It to Neptune. He will he tak? en to 15111.; Island today. would Take leeds pearls. Jeweller, Who Refused to Pay $110, 335 Duty, Offers to Take Jewels. Hernnrd Citroen, a Jeweller, of No. 1 Madison lane, called on Assistant United Slates District Attorney U?r niody yesterday and Informed that ho understood the government was about to institute a suit against him to recover $ 110.33"? for duty on pearls he had imported for W. B. Leeds, says the 'New York Herald, lie said he was willing to accept service nt any time. He made an offer lo the Washing? ton officials, he said, to lake the pearls and return them to Paris, provided the $li2,000 duty he had paid was refunded, hut this was de? clined. The government imposes six? ty v per cent, duty on all mounted gems. Mrs- J-eeds now has Hie pearls. Old papers for sale?10c hundred. Apply at Dally Frees Odlce.