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CAPTAIN JOHN SMITH
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ADDRESS: DAILY PRESS, NEWPORT NEWS, VIRGINIA. On presentation at the Daily Press Office, this Coupon and lOc entitles the bearer to one Captain John Smith Souvenir Puzzle. If the puzzle is to be mailed, 4c must be added to covor postage. GET ONE AND GET BUSY. Nation Should < Secretary Wilson has submltu .1 to Congress an elaborate report con-! cornlnfe tlia purchase of tho forest* in tho White mountains and In the Apnelachan range in Maryland, Vir Kliil/l, West Virginia, N'orlJi Caro? lina. Sourlh Carolin;?, Georgia, Ala? bama, Kentucky end Tennessee. Hills have been introduced in tin?. House of Repiescniatlves appropri? ating $5,000.000 for 1'JtUs purpose hy llepre^entaJves Currier, of New Itinipsblru and Lever, of South Car? olina, and In the Senate by Mr. Gnl linger of New Hampshire, and Mr. Overman of North Carolina, writes \Villl.int_K. Curl is in tlie Washington Star. They a;e referred to the cotn mltivs on agriculture, which have agreed to hear argumenta January 30 from the American Forest. Asso? ciation, the American Civic Associa? tion, the Appalachian Mountain Club, <:ihe MassacliusetS' Forest. Association and other organizations which ore du-.ply interested in the subject of preserving Uie trees andi r.,ho water power, and turning as much "s pos? sible of tin, unoccupied mountain land In the east em sta'os Into national park,-; j for the heah.li and the pleas? ure of iihe people. Ati'^he last session of Congress an appropriation of $25,000 was ninJe for i 'ihorough and complete inves? tigation of tlie area under considera? tion. The -work was done by W. W. Ash of ith'e bureau or forestry. Wal? ter MAilford or Iho University of Michigan, A'.fred Akarman of t<he University of Georgia. Proi. b. C. Glenn or Vanderbilt University, Nashvlllo, and Philip W. Ayres of the Rocle'y for 'the Protection or Now Hampshlru Forest/*. These gentle-1 men went over tho entire territory wlthi topographical map? in their bands and) plated the mountainous woodland no as to have an accurate Te>eord ot all the wild land the area thlT Ik morn valuable for forestry than Tor agriculture. They noted all tho springs and streams and meas ti vd their flow andjhe surfaoa dra'n. ago so that. Corgress can know exact? ly |iho are \ and ttho value or. each watershed included in the proposed reservat ion. . They round 23,000,000 acres of for? ests in .-he Hlue Ridge and Great Smoky mountains, the Allcghanics, the Cumbdrlahds. and the four mala ranges or the* White mountains, mostly In New Hampshire, or this ?srea Secretary Wilson recommends that the government acquire C00.00O acres In the White mountains at the average price of $C an acre, and Own This Land ri.000.000 a:res in the Soutihcrn Appa ! l.icrl.ins at not more Han $3.50 an ' acre. Immediate action is urged l>y the secretary because the natural resources of both regions are being ceriousiy impaired l>y reckless lum? bering, and heavy rains: and nl=obo t '.use olio price of these lands is con? tinually increasing, as the timber supply is being diminished. Exhausting Hard Wood Suply. 'Th?e report brings out In a striking manner the faci that, the hard wood of thU country, which is required tor carrligC's. wagons, car building, fur ntturn and agricultural implements. Is being rapidly exhausted, and those industries cannot exist, after the sup? ply of raw material Is gone. In tho| Stale of Illinois alone the sum of] $148,116,805 is Invested in such man? ufactories, which employ on.ooo wage earners, and In 1095 turned out pro ducts valued at $138,970,690*, or 12 per cent of the entiro value of man? ufactured products of the United States. Already steel is beim? adopt? ed very largely In place of hard woods for ntfiny purposes, but it. can? not, be nseU as a substitute for fnr-i nlture. tool handles, mv.?>irnl instru? ments, wagons and' carriages or for many other purposes. In Ilusr-ln, where lumber is verp scarce, railv.'a.' cars are built entirely of sheel and m.vnl is being - employed to an In crens>ing extent in this country ni present foe both freight and passen I gen- cars. Tho manufacture of furniture, I which calls for more hard wood than ?any other Industry, is entirely de? pendent for existence upon the pres? ervation of ithe forests, lu 1005. which Is the latest year foe which 1 can obtain statistics, (here -were 2;482 furniture factories in the United States, with a canH&l of $1 r.3,000,000. and an annual product valued nf $170.01)0,000. They consumed 580. 000,000 feet of lumber tlutt. year.or 20 per cent, of the rntire hard wood crt of the United SUtes. Those factories have got to depend for their future suply upon tJje forests of the writ hern Appalaohian mounia?us. which a'e being rapidly stripped and canot even now furnish as much as is demanded. During tho last seven years the wholesale prices of hard wood lumber have advanced from 25 to ?5 per cent, and In the face of this the cut ha; fallen off 15 per cent be? cause cf thescaralty of timbor.Tho experts estlmale the remaining stand of hard wood trees tin 'the United States at 400,000.000.000 feet', which ' is enough to last only sixteen years I (U tho present rate of consumption. J They also assort Unat under proper I management the Appalachlaa tor cats can bo made to yield :t,ono,ooo.-, OOit feet a yoar, which will be Rufll cicnt for all purposes. Hut unless tlio forests are properly protected and the lumbermen are prohibited from cutting young and growing trees the waste will be quite as large as the consumption. Regular Supply Proposed. It. Iis not Intended to take the hard I wood forest* of tlio Appalachians out of the markell but to prevap|t UieJ lumbermen from cutting any but full grown frees, and at the same lime W replant at government expense the enormbuH area of mountain land that bar. .already been stripped. If this can bo done the ?.ooo.ouo acres which, it i proposed to reserve, under pro? per management, will furnish a reg? ular and permanent Supply of hard wood for furniture, agricultural Im? plements, 100I handles, vehicles and] other purposes or Walch tit in hr.o lutely necessary; and. al the same trme, by tho sale of r.olctcd trees, bring enough revenue to the govern? ment that will repay the treasury for the eostl of tho reservation many times over. Protection of Water Supply. An oqunlly Important mattier, and. many people, think of cwn greater gravity, is "the protection of the wa? ter supply for the cotton mills end ohor mniivifacliories In tho south.I ' Every drop of water that Inrns a wheel in tho sotMh comes from the Appalachian mountains., ami with the I gradual disappearance of tho forostF that supply is diminishing. The I Springs in the Appalachian mountains j and tho rainfall also supply all of the j navigable streams !n the south, nnd j the removal of the forests has so I changed tho lawn of natiure that, mont j of them are now navigable only In j time of high water, during the rainy ! seasons, when the precipitation runs j away in floods, nnd often destroys . much valuable property. The gov? ernment has expended $30,000,000 or I more lo deepen and clear these nav | Igable yttrroms, so that they may be navagable streams In the South, and j men! will be wasted In a few years, I unless something is done to regulate i the drainage ami prevent the rainfall from pouring off down the aiyanntraln Hides In destructive torrents. The re-port, of the experts states that under present conditions the streams of (lie sou them Appalachians afford a minimum of 2.740.O00 hor.te power. 1 described some of the plants in n recent. letier from Char? lotte, X. C. Tho experts also esti? mate that tho construction of storage reservoirs In Hio mountains would increase this many times. The rental of 2,710,000 liorse' power at $20 per annum per horse power, which Is tho ruling rate, would produce a revenuo of nearly $52,000,000 per year, and an ' increase of 50 per cents of power i would bring the revenues up to moro (than $-00.000,000, by which you will realize, what a tremendous factor the little brooks of the mountains are In tho furtiro induEtrial development of this country. Reliance of Eastern Factories. . If you want to realize this more clearly, you 'might rend 'that part ot the report, which shows how the New England factories depend upon tho power 'they get from the streams Which rise in the White mountains, and which are being gradually di? minished as the mountain sides aro being stripped of trees. If the cut? ting In tilie W?lfte mountains goes on much further the Nf?rrlmno, the Con? necticut and other rivers of New England, upon which tho manufac? turers depend 1b turn their wheels will fall thein e>ccept diving tho rainy season?, when they will get all their water at once in tlhe form of destructive floods rather than in a stoaTty stream throughout the year. At least 250.O00 horse power is now in actual use fo-- cotton mills In the Sou-Ill Atlantic States, and at least j2.50.000 more Is being supplied by the construction of reservoirs and elec [ trlcal plants upon the Catawha and : oliher rivers. I told you about it In i a lotter from Charlotte the other diy. Twenty or thirty millions of dollars I are being investigated in these enter prises at this moment, and all that will be wasted unless something Is done to protect: and incrense <ha sources of the water supply, which are found In the mountain forests. The geological survey is now meas? uring the water li-> ascerlaln tho factv. Seven or eight guaglng sta? tions have lie-.n maintained for sov-' ernl years, but recently fifty-live Chora hnve been added, from which they will be able to determine ex-1 iiatly how much water Is being used! and how much is wasted in the flood that come down from -the mounli'n sides upon which the forests have been burned or cut away.. Th?s Forests and Streams. I The forests are the only natural factor which lend to equalize the flow i-r s-'rnni-. and unless Ifhls cover of the watersheds is preserver and pro? tected1, the rainfall will run down them ns I'' does off a roof, and will no'i only be wasted, but will carry with U v.vt qtian"tles) of soli and ruin the land for cultivation. It is proposed to aid nature In regulating the flow by replanting the nreas from Which thn 'limber has been cut, nnd bv constructing reservoirs In whlcaj the melting snows and the floods from the rainfall can be sMored until the dty season, 'and then released gradually as it Is needed to turn the wheels of 'tho factories. Secretary Wilson estimates that not less than 100 square miles of arable land on I ho niouniitln side elopes are ahso ltf.oly destroyed each year by the washing of ihe soli from tho smfaed in the spring Hoods. It; Is not proposed to Interfere with lumbering or mining or agriculture The bills now pending before Con? gress provide that mineral.! and mer barttijo timber shall bo reserved by tho owner of the land when he trans? fers his title 'to the United Su-acs; but tlie mining operalons and tiho re? moval of 'timber must be conducted according to regulations fo as tfc pre? vent, the purpose of the purchase from being defeated, in Wther words, t.lie forestry experts of the govern? ment will mark the ?tfecs that can be cut without! damage o (lie forests nnd will preyoift the dostruclpn of young? er growhs which are valuable only for cooperage and similar uses, it Is also provided1 that: small areas of agricultural land which may be tic quired by the gove'iiment in Ihe pur? chase of ' be forests shnll bo surveyed and offered for sale as homesteads at their true value to actual settlers In tracts of not more than eighty acres. It. Is also proposed tPuw tot tiers now living upon the land to be Included within tho reservation Rhnll be pro 'tcctted In 'their rights so far na can be done without injury to tho for? ests. Indeed, the purchase <>f tihe fi.ooo 000 cares proposed would promote mining, farming, fruit growing nnd cattle raising throughout Uie en'l'ro district, and would incense be value of farming land in 'the valleys be? cause it would ifford settlors who own nnd cultivate small farms pro? tection from (Ire and from losses from floods, while 'he construction of for.ds will give them greater fa? cilities for r-aehlng markets, A Gie.it National Park. Tt, would lie a great, tlhlng for the country, to have a national park of 5.000.000 arro3 in the oasty>rn BtallOB, and to hive roads constructed and hottels erected ?e suitable place's for tho enjoyment of the public. '1110 While mountains nre nlre.ady well supplied with both r.aads nnd hotels, and in cerlnin portions of tho Anpala clilnns, particularly around Ashvlllo, and In 'bo sapphire courtlry, where thousands of 1'ourlsts go for recrea? tion every year and whore thousands of Invalids are now seeking heaMi In the pure and stlmulatdng atmos? phere. This is a most important eonside'atlon, which appeals to cv ervbody. The total area of forests now be? longing lo tho government, of tho United Slates is about lf.o.ooo.ooo acres, nnd 111 Is fore\-er exempted from: rale and settlement. In fact, nearly all itho timber lands upon t/hn unappropriated public dornnln have been brought under tho care of tho Secretary of Agriculture, who re? sponsible for th,elr, protection against fire thofl and wnsttoful exploitation; and their power 'to furnish wood tim? ber nml store waller will be safe* guarded for all time'. The timber 1b given awny to nd'.ual home-makers and to communities for public pur? poses. It. promotfs the growth of n forosl to clear out the mature trees, and such as are marked by tho for? esterB for cuftlng ' nro sold to the highest bidder every year. The In? come of the government! from the na'tlonal forest reserves is now great? er than the cost! of administration. Paring he year 1907* the revenue from 'the sale of rclected timber amounted to $1.530,000?twice ns much as for 1000, and inoro than Dwonty times as much as for 1905? ami this revenue will increase rapid? ly ns the forests tire inspected and the regulations are enforced. Ill Is unfortunate 'that this policy was not: ndoptud fifty yenrs ago. be? fore so largo an area had been stripped by the wasteful lumbermen \ and destroyed by fire. This could j have been prevented; the young trees' could have been saved, and the for-1 est lands might now be yielding tonn. of millions of dollars in revenue to! tho government. Secretary Wilson urges on tihese grounds 'that Congress tako prompt action, for every year that legislation is postponed tho con? ditions are made worse and the cost of reclamation becomes greater. | Collection of Russian and Siberian Literature of 80, 000 Volume Added. ? to It. Two new ami Important literary collections, one on Rus-sla and Siberia, ami the other on Japan, written In tho Japanese language, have been added to the Congressional Library, according to the report of the libra? rian, which has Just been issue. The contents of tho ibrary at tho close of the year, 1.433.S48 books and pam? phlets nud somo 9,000 other articles, givo it third pluco in i>oint of size among the libraries of tho world. Tho net gain In miscellaneous bonks and pamphlets during the year was 64, CO 4. The most notable single acquisition (not Included In the count) was tho celebrated Yudln Library of works on Russia aud Siberia. Though nom? inally a purchase, thin collection ot over 80,000 volumes is practically a Rift, slnco tho owner parted with it for iUtlo more than one-third the aunt expended in gathering it. This purchase, la noteworthy as an indica? tion of tho broadening scope of tho library "and lta Increasing value to scholars. There la no other collection on Russia and Siberia of such slzo In America, nnd perhaps none so valua? ble In Europe outside of Russin. It, In rich in local history, othonography and institutional history. The mate? rial includes certan manuscript rec? ords of tho early Russian settlomenti In Alaska. The portrait of Mr. Yu? dln and the photograph of the log house ho had built for the collection at Krasnolarsk, Siberia, are reproduc? ed In the roport. Another Important acquisition is n collection of some 0,00p works on Ja? pan, mainly Ip the'Japanese lan? guage. Tho books and manuscripts were selected In Japan by Prof. Asa kawa, ot Yale, whose purpose was to secure a good working collection for the student of Jnpaneso literature, his? tory and institutions. Iu this connec? tion the report gives a short sum? mary of the possessions of tho library in tho field of Orientals, showing that it is particularly rich in Chlnoso works. Among tho important gifts wero tho Shoemaker and tho Kauffmann col? lections, and valuable manuscripts and papers of tho period of Washing? ton, Jefferson, Madison and Monroo by request from Mr. J. Henly Smith. Other gifts and purchases of especial value, Including a collection of 4G rare hooks, and 113 prints, presontod by Mrs. Ridgoly Hunt, are also listed. AUTO BALKS AT ELOPEMENT. Stops Short and Runaways Complete Trip by Trolley. CLEVELAND, Jan 22.?An automo? bile which shiea at wedding bells nearly spoiled the elopoment of Harry W. Cowdrey and Miss Margaret Batch elder. The two started out in Cowdrey'S automobile in tho nftornoon for San dusky to be married. While speed? ing along the road tho machine stop? ped. They tinkered for an hour and could not make it stir. Leavnlg tho ear in caro of tho chauffeur, tho two boarded a trolley car. went to Sandua. ky and were joined in matrimony. As they emerged from the minis? ter's houso tho chauffeur drovo up with the machine. It didn't balk once niter the marriage. Noticed It Alright. "Maude was afraid tho girls wouldn't notice her engagement ring." "Did they?" "Did they! Six of them recognized St at once."?Cleveland Plain Dealer.