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leg with its convicts. In various sec _ 1 tions of the State, quarries and then While other parts of furnishing to the counties road material either free or at cost. Kail roads will transimrt this material eith low rate. Many convicts could thus be utilized for read BstrpOMg, which canm t now be used cn account of their dangerous character, or because of the long terms fi r which they are sentenced, whk-h greatly Increase the temptation to escape. Tb,e cost to the State Of I have brought our country, durinK the last tv\o years, have suffered from financial de? pression and distress, yet within this rr fr,.e or at very State smh ceuditious have not pre \ailed. This Is clearly evinced by the fact tnat the State's revenues during the last two years have exceeded those ol the two previous years by UitJtP9.it1. As there has been prac tically no iiiore-ase in the rate of tax? ation, this greatly increased revenue guarding tho.-e engaged in this char could only tkBYO been derived from acter of work would also be far less increased business activity and enter- than the cost of guarding those en prise. Retiring State Debt. " * ? * Though not required until this year, under the terms of her set? tlement, to retire any part cf the principal of her indebtedness, she has ' wiselv purchased $4,8.'i8,t:65.11 of this' principal; thus more than one-sixth of the debt has been cancelled. Though we have thus largely and for many tcagstl directly in read construction. "1 wish to renew to the general as sembly the recommendations 1 made upon this matter in my Inaugural ad? dress. New Office Proposed. "I desire also to present to yourl consideration the recommendation of[ the board of directors e f the peniten? tial;, that there be created in ad:li year-: anticipated the requirements or tlon to the office of superintendent our sinking fund provisions, yet 1 of tho penitentiary, a new office or earnestly recommend that the pros- superintendent of the convict road for oat prudent and wise policy cf re? tiring our State debt be continued with.iut interruption. It enhances not only the credit of the State but also force. I concur In the necessity this suggested ?hange. * ? ? "The last general assembly ap? propriated fcr this year |S50,9M for! that of cities, counties and individ-j State aid to the improvement of jiub uals Ik-sides, the- best investment a lie highways, to be expended in those Stale or an individual can make of' counties that had not enjoyed the| surplus revenue is in their own in-j benefits of the convict road fcrce dur debtedness. K*xperience has show n' ing the year, and conditioned upon | that it is such a surplus that is never! the counties furnishing an amount squandered. "While the revenues of the State nave been greatly augmented in re? cent years by its great growth and pi ogress, and the rising tide of great? er prosperity indicates for the future greater increase, yet I wish to urge upon :he general assembly the neces? sity of the utmost care and the strict? est economy in the expenditure of public money. There should always remain in the treasury a reasonably yafe working balance, so that all the cbligations of the State can be proper? ly met. ? ? ? ??? * ? -[-ije present revenues of tho State are amply sufficient. If economically expended and fairly dis? tributed, it should be remembered that it takes as much effort to mark time as it does to march. It will be as difficult for the State to remain rtationary as it will be to further ad vance. . equal to that provided by the State All the counties of the State except ten have availed themselves of the provisions of this law. The enact? ment of this law marked in this State the beginning cf a broad, progressive and far-reaching pettcj of road im? provement. * * ? "When it is remembered that this act furnishing State aid has been operative less than one year, the re? sults achieved are indeed wonderful "This general assembly should make State aid to rond improvement a permanent policy. It should set aside for this purpose a definite reve? nue derived from specific sources, to be available to the counties which comply with the conditions contained in the piesent law, which have prcven effective. It should indicate, as far as it possesses power to do so. that this "jfund is for the future dedicated to 'The health department, the board jthis purpose. The benefits that would of charities and corrections, the dairy oepartment, the geological survey, the many new aids extended to agricul turo and labor, should be continue-d sinel. as far as the revenues of the State will permit, the asistance ex? tended to many of these should be in creased. The results accomplished have been most beneficial and grati? fying. The now governmental work begun in these has been executed with skill, Industry, faithfulness and economy. The limitations necessarily imposed upon tho length of thi- mos sage precludes me reciting extensive? ly or in detail the splendid work dorn by these different new deparments. I commerid to your consideration their reports, and the benefits achieved therein disclosed with fully vindicate the wisdom cf their creation. Public Education. "Our system of public education should be continuously invigorated enlarged and improved. Our primary schools should have a yearly and progressive betterment. Our rural high sohr/ols should be increased un? til the |ieople of every community can receive their advantages. Tne new agricultural and manual schools, the new normal training schools, the summer normal sehools, and the traveling libraries begun : hotild lie continued and further en? larged in their scope and usefulness. The new female normal school rrealed at Harrisonburg. which open? ed this autumn under such flattering auspices and with such brilliant prom? ise ,'->r the future, sboold receive de ferved aid The new one now under ce>n?trfirtic.n at Eredericksburg should leceive equal consideration and be properly developed. No expenditure of public nvwioy brings greater bene? fits to the S- ' than that given to equip teachers for the primary and h?gh schools The success of every educational system begins and ends with the efficiency of the teachers. The recent enaotments f- r the im provement of the public bighwnya of th* Prate have bora productive of most beneficial results Tbe present policy rf working convicts and the ja ; prisoners upon the puWlc roads r be all he continued Without cost to the State many nrtlo* of good, perm anent reads have* !?eon lonstrurted Tbe pris<w?ers engaged in the work bare been aTesstly benotle-d both pbv ?Wally and nanrafly. Tats feotare of road inaoToi uaai nt ? aa be aaset v**n siaMj extended by Use ?t?te ostrrat accrue would be immense. * ? ? "I would suggest thai the general assembly set aside to be used under the provisions of the present law for State aid^to read improvement one half of the revenue derived from the franchise tax upon the gross earnings jf the steam and electric railways of the State. Cnder this proposed measure the amount available next year for this purpose would be $241, ?01.2?. The revenue from this source rreatly increases each year. The State would thus inaugurate a contir nasal a:.d progressive policy of road mprevement. Each reced'vj yea ? ?vould witness greater aid, greater u-hievrmt nt. Our financial enaaJMl a 'ully justifies Ulis expenditure. The uture material development and pros? perity of Virginia are inseparably in i-rwoven with the bettermen? of ber public highways. Besides, t'le in .-re-a.se 1 value of lands occashwe-ei by? road iinproveme-ir e.-'ekly ret-i-ii- to ihe treasury taxe-i ,t excess of the emoui,! apropriate-I "I al&o leccmme I I ? the einem" isseuibly the imitosition cf a reason? able annual license tax upon automo training' biles ope rating In this State. ? ? ? State Banks. "In my inaugural address and also in my last message to the general assembly I earnestly recommended the passage of legislation providing reasonable regulations fe?r the rontro! cf State banks and thorougn and fre qurnt examinations to insure that these regulations are obeyed, that the banks are solvent and that their capital is unimpaired. "I wish te renew this recomaienda lion with aJI I e earnestness and vigor of which I f i capable The many Iii--es. tbe ,reat distress and the I.;;>?:::. -s disturbances Ocrurrtng ii many communities on account of nank failures, caused by reckless banking fraud and defalcations, loudly pro? claim tho tirgont necessity of this leg t station There were In this common wealth on September 1. ISO*. 2Z1 State banks, with deposits asirregat mg I47.H-I :.X* of These banks are trustee* for this vast sum of noiw-e i.iko rthor trustees they should b? required to confine their transact ion* da and conservative limits ? ? ? Equsticetton of "For the purpose of there exists a errat lack of nntfortnt ty in tbta eoenaaaawealth. Otarlag ineouallt?** present 1 he-SB set ve, ,? 1h. aaaaanjsarni baffj r- ?, paaj nag Ooesatios, cHres and treatment accorded in ihls institution will be different from the others. ??? Examination of Attorneys. "The Supreme Court Of Appeals de? sires t>) be and it should be relieved of the great burden of examining and licensing attorney* at law in this State. This court, without receiving any additional oomi>ensatlon, has for >?ars faithfully and efficiently dls charged this duty Two examinations sections, in making assessments of tbst their accounts are |>rv|>erly kepi, property for taxation, adopt widely and thst the amounts due the State different propcrtiona of cash value Jaie fully and promptly paid S...u? assess a fair cash value, others It should be authorized hi prepate three-fourths of the cash value, others a proper and scientific system of one half of the cash value and some l;ookkeeping-for tin- various State de ?ess and seme more than this prefer-Jpartiueuts and Institutions This de tlon. ThU lack of uniformity oxvas -'pertinent could be BeOOl ben. tic tally Ions a great injustice and unfairness'utilized by the governor in making ex In the paymeut of State taxes, and amluatioiw of the condition of instltu should be proraiitly and efflciently cor- tlons. which are placed by law under re t.si There should exist a State his supervision Its services would'are held each year, one at Itlchmi nd authority em|>cwered to remedy these also be Invaluable to the Joint audit-j and one at Wyth.ville, during the evils and to distribute equally the Ing committee of the house andjterms cf the court. Last year 220 ap burdens of State taxation. I'nder the senate. m [bIIcSiKh were examined. This entail present system values are assessed "There is much ether ImiMirtant cd a very onerous task upon the entirely by local authorities and the [work that readily suggests itself that'court, which is already very heavily Stale, has no |>nwcr to make corn tions even when the injustice is gross and apparent. Communities can ami sjaejty do new eseaiie a fair share of their taxation by low assessments Others realizing the extent of this practice and seeking to remedy the Injustaee adopt tnemselves very low va'uaticns. These conditions should not continue. "After considering matuie*.y the many plans promised, I have con? cluded that the State can in a, very simple, direct and efficiency way correct this great evil. I'nder the present law copies of the books of the commissioners of revenue 0001 cur Development of Agriculture. "It Is estimated that last year agrlcultuial products amounted to $2'>SMHMi,ntH>. An interest of such mag nitude, of such vast importance to the State, should reu ive must generous consideration and assistance. In ad? dition to continuing the many pres < nt policies of agricultural develop? ment, which has heesj most beneficial, I recommend that this commendable taining the yearly assessment of k b(, further HieilH The peswWMl property, and copies or the dpm(iniitrativ? and ?xperimontal work books of the land assessors, contain-J ^aoM be ?,,.?., this department COeM HI I SOOfoMj do worked on account of the greatly ln I would recommend that it be organ-J creased litigation occasioned by the ized with an accountajit and an as-, Slat ' s immense material develop slstant, and a reasonable uCon for traveling Mtptsssg ? ? ? approprl J ment I recommend that the examining Slid colititigeut and licensing of attorneys at law be, g'ven to a board composed of five persons, apiHiinted by the governor The expenses of this board could I?' easily met by requiring the payment j of a small sum by each applicant "The general assembly should by tumble enactments make more do finite and effective the powers of the} health department. provide for th' it gistration of deaths, for reiiortitig | contagious diseases, and for protect ing the streams and water supplies of j the State from |si|lutlon. "I recommend the formation of Ju the different courts and the enai tment of, ing the assessment of real estate, are' ,.(>,IIltj,.8 anu- sections. Thus the agrl probation laws to prevent the conl'ne sent to the auditor. From thes estimated the taxes due the State by county and city treasurers. If a 'aw should be passed requiring thc-e assessments to have the ap proval of the State audiu r b. for they become operative the existing inequality and Injustice could be sub stantially corrected. The auditor could determine a uniform pro|M>rtion of ca-h value of properly, real and personal, to be assessed for the pur? pose of State taxation; when this rate cf uniform valuation was violated by a commissioner of the revenue or laud assessor, so that be could net approve the boks. then the auditor should be directed to send the books back for correction, and If not proper? ly corrected or returned within a i ermin time the auditor should be au? thorized to make the assessment for State taxes, the same to be as effec? tive as if made by the commission? ers of revenue or land assessor, with the privilege of persons feeling them? selves aggrieved, having the same corrected in the court of the county or city where the property is locat? ed, precisely as under the present law. *e* "One of the advantages of this pro posed plan is that it utilizes one of our best organized and most exper? ienced and caiiable departments of State government. * ? ? State Accountant. "Therr exists In this State a great need for a well-equipped accounting department. All the different depart raenis of the executive government, alt the various State institutions, should be required to settle annually w'.th this department, and have their books and accounts completely exam? ined. It should be directed when necessary to visit and examine the accounts and books of persons and officials indebted to the State, and see (cultural products particularly suited m*nt of children In Jails aid prisons. !to tne various parts of the Stale could j rhlldren by short terms of In-j jbe scientifically and -u,. e-sfu' y de jcareeration have been made confirm ressSMg with most heasjieksl results j?1 criminals. The State should en An appropriation should be mud" |a "eavor more to reform than merely enable the agricultural department tojto these Wherever tried the 'juvenile courts and probation laws i --operate w ith the federal govern ment in its soil survey work. This should be begun until, diately and con tinue until the entire State has been mapped. By thus co-operating th work can be done economically, speedily and scientific ally. There Is an urgent necessity for a OBOJspaete and scientific soil survey of the Slate, and the results accruing from it would be most profitable and bene? ficial. "I would also recommend to the general assent!.i> the formation of several movable agricultural schools, to teach the farmers in the various s.s tions of the State practical, scien? tific farming. The courses in these schools should be limited to one or Several weeks. The teachers in these schools should consist of exports in the various kinds of agr bruit tire. ? ? ? Other Recommendations. "There has existed for some time Bah BJ -:*y for a better kitchen and din? ing room at the State prison. The laws of sanitation imi>eratively de? mand these improvements. The pres? ent method of feeding the prisoners is not only detrimental to health, but also wasteful and degrading. The in? creased earnings of the prison produc? ed by the increased health of the prisoners would soon pay for this ex l>enditure. "I wish to recommend to you the advisability of making the epileptic colony in BSSJCBOO of construction in Amherst county an entirely separate institution, with an independent board of directors, and disconnected from the ho.-pi:ai asylum system for the insane. The inmates and the- j zf)!d Drug Co have been very successful, not only in reformation of the criminals, but also it BBS St] volition of crime. I wish 4o orge up; n the general assembly the granting of aid for the formation of a refotBtSAerf for delinquent girls The lassjej reformatory for boys has been most successful and beneficial. Wis? dom, justice and fairness demand ? like one for the girls. "The work of collecting record*, w hich has been so successfully prose - < uted hy the present secretary or Vir? ginia military records should be con? tinued until completed. Those val? uable records, precious memorials Of Virginia's valor and patriotism, un? less now gathered and preserved will >e forever lost. ' Satisfied after careful and thought ful consideration and reflection that these recommendations would be pro motive of the best Interests of the State, largely contribute to her con-! tinned material, educational and moral advance. I present them to you, j f' ling assured that they will recelvi such consideration and approval as ' your wisdom and patriotism may de? termine. "Very ri^pectfully submitted, ' CLAUDE A SWANSON. "Governor of Virginia." Making Life Safer. Everywhere life Is being made more safe through the work of Dr. King': New Life Pills in Constipation. Bil? iousness, I >> -;>??; - .1. Indigestion, Liv? er troubles. Kidney Diseases and Bowel Disorders. 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If you wish to talk to a particular person, to have the charge reversed, or to make an appointment to talk at some later time, call LONG DISTANCE. Rate to Hampton 10 cents, to Norfolk and Ports month 25 cents for three minutes, timing to begin as soon as the telephone called for is answered. Overtime 5 t ents per minute The rate to Hampton applies only when a pay station is used. Calls from subscribers' tele? phones are the tame heretofore. Try this new service Southern Bell Telephone & Telegraph Company of Virginia. Fot Letter Heads, Bill Heads end Ea vrlopes, see Warwick Printing GaWpAay.