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TWY. I^enil of the Bear Sias had
another Astl-Bemitk horror. The excuse tn the proclama tlou wan "that numbers of Jews had settled in Kirf without per mission." This city forms a part of what is known as the "Jewish Pale,*' where this race Is allowed to r? side, and since the great massacre of thai ihe Jews have been allowed to live in comparative peace in Kief. They now i control the best shoi>s, factories, thea? ters, etc.. and the Russian merchant has very likely nomplalned to the g*"v ernmen. that the obnoxious Jew "is running business and will soon own *he land If he is ma made to feel (he lash." The persecution of the JewB In Hus? tle has aiways been for commercial lather than religious reason, ills apti? tude for making money Is the real cause of his persecution, although the degenerate, illiterate Russian whose religion Is only a superstition. Is, taught to believe that the Jews steel t'hrlstlau children and use them for sacrifice at the Passover, that ?they stone religious processions and Insult the sacred icons of the Russian Church. This talk with a few SOttM ? f vodka, the vile drink r/hich has besotted Russian peasants, will lead J 10 a Jewish msssscrc, at any time. Only those who have visited Russia can fully understand the conditions there. The average Russian looks ^ upon a Jew as uuwurthy of the con t ylderaiton of a human being, and be Hevea that strenuous measures should be taken to ke?p him under control. To be sure, there are a few Russians who have protested against ihe horri? ble atrocities which have been prac? ticed in Russia, and some of these are today paying tor their protests by lsnguishing In Russian prisons brand? ed as enemies to the Holy Csar and revolutionists against the government. The Jew is the merchant and money lender of the country. Russia has seen her thousands of ;.. a ..?::??. j!a?j., rlxed by officials and then brought ou the verge of starvation by the Jewish money lender, who encourages the peasant to borrow even on his un? wanted crops. These crops are a fail? ure frequently through the peasants' own laziness. Somebody must answer tor these conditions, so it falls on the Jew, and a "program." as these mas? sacres are termed, follows. The hor? rible atrocities of these massacres are Mr Justwed Goe (Continued Fnu right over to his room, donned his white trousers and skipped gaily out to the tennis court. Now HomerdhMkT had been some tennis plsyer in his colleg* days, so he stsrted right in trying all his "strokes" snd "serves. Just as though he was in midseason form. Mrs. J. and the other women all came over to watcb the play, sea; log themselves comfortably under * ranves awning erected to afford shade for spectators. ?At the end of Ihe "set' Homer dear fairly Popped down onto the bench. He was dripping wet and Wowing like a porpoise. '.Whew'" be exclaimed, in s man her Intended to be casual. "It sort of farts you the first tftec out la the 11 R? Whew! Where's I Foctonatrly the "net" then on was i hot rompl.-ted for over a half boor aad Mr. J. bad a chance to. as they say, get his ascend wrod " He sprans ?P with alacrity eben the courts was falato vacated. That set" proved even there strenuous than Iba ferst snd If the dinner bell hadn't mag R to oneht lal whether Mr. J. could have coca R- After dinner he returned, refnclaarlv. tn the court, eaase be wno?an hi' ito any. be wouldn't ad | R. j "Ah-lrb." be efejfasd "this boa been ttood day-?rat exrm-e ail winter e ? Tbajl I I t* too well known to need repetition ' here. The Cossack, that splendid ? saor Imciu of mankind, who cornea Pom the Caucsnua away over in the I'ral Mountains to nerve the Czar, is Generally on hand and does the main part (if the terrible work. To him the Jew Is the same as a mad dag. and is treated with less consideration than 'i dangerous animal. Russia keeps a regiment of these men iu Warsaw and sends the I'ollsh soldiers to some other quarter of the empire. The more olio studies (he surround lugs of the Russian Jews, t.ulr few liberties and their ostracism the more one is Impressed with the remarkable character of this race, which has pre served its wonderful individuality in the face of all the disasters they havo passed through during the last nln teen hundred years?a nation with? out a country, scattered over the four [quarters of the globe, yet preserving i the distinctive qualities of a nation I w hich has produced some of the great? est men in all the walks of life. There is no better place to study Jewish life than In the Pardoll district of Kief or in Warsaw. In both these places one may study the thriftuess I ol the Jewish trader^ how he sells at I large profits If be can, at small ones it he must, but sell he will. Dick? ering with customers and his aaJoUai methods are far more in evidence. I there than they are In this country, i "Harking" is the fashion and the vis ROT who strays into the .oarket at 1'ardoll will have to make a paf ihaee or light his way out. The Jewish market In Warsaw is remarkable, too, for it is always crowded and is avert? able beehive of activity. It was hero during December, 11*81. that the "pro? gram" begun, and today Um Russian will teil you that it is a favorite place for "Jew sticking," as the mur? der of a Jew is called in the Russian Kim ire Somehow, the year UM seems to have been a black one for the Jews there, although it was the lirst year of the "gentle system" in? augurated by M. Hobledonosteff. No iewer than Ml towns and villages witnessed scenes of savagery which would seem impossible in the nine? teen th century. Scores of Jewish women were dishonored, hundreds of men, women -and children wer? slaughtered and thousands made homeless. Yet the Jew continues to live and. In many instances, get rich s in for Exercise n Seventh rag?) I next morning at six thirty. "Homer." called Mrs. .1. "it's time to get up.'' But Mr. .1. calmly kept on norlng. "Burrrr! Rurrr-rr!" insisted the faithful timepiece. "Homer. Homer!" ral'ed Mrs. J. again, "get up?or you'll miss your morning walk before going to town!" "Hum mm'" mumbled Mr. .1. sleepi? ly. "Hon m as? -oh. ves. I'm -ouch' ouch! "Whew, my back!" And h- fell hack on the pillow about I st? -n times quicker tbsn he had sat up. I "Oh!" he writ bed "Oh 4M can': move I can t eres? ?" j If you don't get up now you won't have time for your walk " warned Mrs. J. gently. I "Walk!" roared Hosser dear "Walk' ?M ho said anything ?Nut a wahV Why I can't even stt up'" "But are you gofac to miss your morniaa roast itulkmal agaieT" par slstrd Mrs. J. "Miss?say?evore-look here do you want to hill me! What re yon leach? ing at? Get up- Ne-?or! I'm going in stay right here--and yon aaa tell baas te ered my breakfast over! Oh I daresay you've had your walk?you nerda t rub It la bat voe dtda t play tcaem yeaterday as I oocb" CARVRI. YAI.VKRT HAU? A ssea warn ?jWcr.br? to a eaav aaaga hrnd expert? you to speak of bha as e tutU'tea! leader ?) In this awful country. ' In Odessa, where the business If practically in the hands of Jews, a Russian was questioned about the race there. "They are a dangerous people." he said, with a mysterious air. "You may bwit a Jew, you may hum his house, you may kill his f.iml ly. yet he will net on. To"be sure, he, will whine and wail for a while; then he will look out for business Why.' during the riots in Odessa one who 'kept a cigar store was literally clean-: td out. his family was kilKd and Ms] shop and home burned, and he him-: reif was badly wounded, but some how he managed to save a few pack- j ages of cigarettes, and w hiti the i i >< was over he appeared on the ruins of his home offering the cigarettes lor' sale, and soon he had a little si:itui.' ;'iid iu a month he hail a small shop.! Today he is the proprietor of one of I he largest stores iu Odessa. This simply illustrates their energy, and !f Russia docs not once In a while .et them feel her power ami keep in check their irpacity tin y would pra~ .tically own the laud. You Americans, ? i know, condemn our actions, but MM do not understand the situation, but you will if our Jews keep on going to America." 1 Again aud again the antagonism to? ward the Jew's business ability crops out. ! There is a class of Jews in Rawehl ? who to further their business inter? ests have joined the Russian Church, j These people are ostracized by Rus-1 . nan as well as Jew, and their money, brings them little pleasure. Russia is a Jew country, for of the il.i>m>.oi)o of Jews who inhabit the world over half are in the Czar's do-! rooin. not f-om zrholce. bet because ?he annexation of Poland made them Facts About Jade _. THE fact that jade has a hl?li standing is not new. The prim J itive weights and measures of t i he Chinese world were computed with Jade tubes, and the tarliest bars : or intervals o* r-?. ic were determtn-, ed by hollow .... -hon canes of accu : tare length, af'crwa.d j-erin-tiia'cd in : jade tubes bavins stops within to he . pulled our at tbe w ill of the player. J "I he Spaniards and Mi ve in* also have a groat respect for the stone, j ;<nd they regard it as an amulet aaainst disease. | In some instances the under of a I piece of Jade was supposed to be en-1 feed with supernatural -sowers, the' jade being ibourhi to have dropped' from heaven. The Chinese value their ! .ade carvings so birhly that they can? not often be prevailed upon to part i with them though la times of a na -J -ional calamity. Importer- and Jewel-, c-s have s chance to bu? some of the > piece*. Whew an e-rtrs-s-diaary larite piece of Jade la found la China, the Em ' ' pemr calls a council of th-> artist M detenatae as to the shape ia w it shall be carved. The slaae M very I bard, sad the form selected mast fof 1 row somewhat the oatllne Indies ted by che antursl forma'loo of the ?qsect m-n j "Myrtle has rone atpea tbe vend,- I vfAp sense and has made an taStaat | Mg hit beeeese of her darin? " , -WTsat di her aet "?be shtuti in a cage of mice -Up I lltamott-a. subjects of tho "Little Father. - Dur? ing Um Middle Ag<* Poland was the land of refuge for the Hebrew rate. According to the laws of the land the Jewish subjects must live within the ??Palo." which comprises Poland and ft of the adjoining provinces. A limit? ed number, however, are permitted to live outside tho "Pale"?merchants who belong'to the Guild and who pay about $4~n tor that privilege. Ibis would uot be an exhorhltant tax tore it not for the fact that the -ewish business man is continually black? mailed by Uns-tin officials, for blccd hfefl a Jew is always legitimate in uussia.. With all these drawbacks some of the finest shot*,, both in Mos cow and St. Petersburg, are kept by Jews and their beautiful Monies are ornaments to both thete cities. Those who have for 2."> years served as sol? diers may live outside the "Pale." Students of high educational institu? tions, apothecaries, dentists, surgeons and midwivos, as well as skilled ar tlsans Th. se walks of 1 fe ihr! ide but a small number of |>ersons for it is exceedingly difficult for a Jew to meet the II t ja Ii S Ii SSBl a and qtialibcu tions of these classes to the sati-fac lion of tlie Russian Government. A thousand and one obstacles are plan d >n the way of the applicant. Kor in? stance, only 10 per cent of the stu 1 dents of a university are allowed to i be of the Jewish race and these are admitted only after a most rigid ex j animation- something not exacted of ; 'he Russian stud nis. In some of the best schools the cumber allowed is i from 3 to .". per cent. It may tsj ! added that the Jewish students arc sure to carry off th~ honors if given ony sort of an opportunity to com l>cto with tag Russian. Despite all Itaa raj stringent regulations to keep Names o* Fabrics. Nearlv all of the fabrics derive their names from some city or coun? try, and the four quarters of the globo arc represented. Muslin is earned from Moslu. a city on the banks of the Tigris, in Asia. Cambric comes from Cambria, a city in France. Game is from Oaxa. in Syria. Silk and serge are Ixnh from the Latin Sens, meaning the Chinese. These fabrics <an?e from that portion of Asia which is now Southern China. Calico first came from Calicut, a town in Indlt. which was once celebrated for its cotton cloth Alapaca comes from the rmmal sf the BBBM name tn Peru. Hejt in ?ott Wood. Contrai> o tne ..lcspread btlief thai mrd awaatJ g?vc more hext in h'trnlnc than the soft varieties, the scientists in Washington nre contend ing ihar the erratest beating iw-r is possessed bv the wood of the Ua aVa tree, which is very soft. The. fir sisnds nrv ? - -be linden snd slmos: eqnsl to it. Thea comes ptnr. liarrt* inferior la liadea and Or. while bard oak possesses right p-r cent less bear ing power tn%*> linden. a?1 red beech ten per cent Irsa. Tb? av^e?,^ ajoosent I AM then he kissed you. I Just at the pv rhologt.?' R Gtadv? I ?loa"t know wfcrthor yon d exartlv irrm it the phyebologl ai irmrmt A Mg wvwnaa who raited breach* hi* alt? retried the room Ju I hen' K Ctrl will do anything for arnti iret -nothing for osojse them In ignorance the Jowisn people on the whole receive a far better edu? cation than the Russian peasant. When the boys o* the Jewish fanii lies are between Um age of five and ^ix years they are sent to the Che <'ar, a sort of privat.' Jewish school. Bare the child studies until he is of age. which in the case of the Russian Jew is 13 years. If his family is very poor the boy must sometimes leave before that age and become appren i'r.d to a trade. Many of the weal? thiest Jews send their sons to Hng land and Germany to bo educated and to learn the languages, for the sludy j of foreign languages in the Chedar j has rceently been forbidden by th? i Oar. The girls are not so fortunate ? unless they are of rich parentage, in i which ease they are educated at home. I Kvt it the iMiorest class are industti ous. and at 14 are good housewives, besides earning a few pennies by sew? ing or making gloves, etc., for fac I i nie.-. They marry tarly in life, often j at 1"'. There are few old maids among the Jew.-; in Russia and a mother is greatly distressed when she finds hcr M? with an unmarried daughter who ? is over 2". years of age. The Satchem I tthe professional match-maker) is found all over Jewish Russia. His \ business is to bring together young ; couples who are suitable for marriage. The father of the bride must give I her a dowry commensurate with the money the bride groom is able to fur I nish. For instance, a clerk will some? times require a dowry of two hundred .roubles, while a watchmaker and jeweler would receive six hundred I toubles (about S300I'. It is remark ride how happily the marriages turn t out. for divorces are few and the j wife is a help to her husband in what ever walk of life they may live. She is somewhat of a gossip, but she : makes a devoted mother, and her family is usually a large one. In the small, r towns she assists her husband in the shop and makes an excsllent ? saleswoman. j The jew. as 1 said before, la the merchant and manufacturer of Russia. Smallest Dolls Till, smallest dolls in the world are made by a Mexican Indian girl, known as the "Queen or the Needle." She first makes a dlmi t.u'ivc trame work of wire. This she winds with fine silk "tread until she has secured the proiscr figure. The clothes arc then cut according .to the character of the doll and fitted care? fully to it. With a needle that ran scarcely be held in the fingers and whose eye is almost invisible, vari? ous desiens are actually embroidered I i>on the clothes with the finest of rilk thread. So cleverly are they executed that even through a i>ow*-rfui magnifying glass the details appear to be perfect, yet ;be entire work Is done withou' the aid of an enlarxing glass or dc >>< ? of aay kind. After the dressing Trss been completed It is n*e?ssary to add the hair. Even to the details of the braids sod ribbons the work Is inort completely carried not. The eyes, nose, mouth, hands/nd feet are then lorne A. The Wiee fool "To what ao yoe attribute vour nn ? arving secccssT" lo hs Ins picked early Ryr the vtl ? w ; \.. ?er Tied *e r. I eve to indorse % note or go lato a s< tu en . boo Mm Otfnee It's a poor Rnaarla; rub* that wen t work everybody fa every po*etf?,? u*sy. The greater part of woolen stuffs used :n Russia are from Jewish factories. Cotton and llntn stuff, glass. Iron, leather?In fact, the handling of any line of goods for which there is a market comes under the Jew's line of work, lie is the money lender, too, of the land, and makes his motley by doing business with the poorer class. The Russian aristocracy need not ap ply to him unless they ire willing to brave valuable Jewelry and plat" as WCnTltjr. Nicholas the Second is liber? al with his ukases, and he is likely I at any tme to order tho members of the aristocracy to repudiate all debts In Jews that bear interest higher than ta cents. So the .lew money lender iioes not care for aristocratic client? age. I Military service is irksome to the Jew, but serve ho must or pay continu? al "bush money." However, 15.000 of this race died in the defense of Rus? sia while that country was at war with Japan, and as many more were wounded. A soldier's pay is too small lo attract a Jew, and Russia has done Mttle to foster the patriotic spirit with? in him. If he goes into the army, however, you will find him a private secretary to some officer or drawiiu plans and making maps. He is more useful to Russia here than the Rus? sian, because he is better educated. Here, too, he is ill-treated because he will be required to do extra work for the officers whose |>etty meanness crops out when he offers the Jewish soldier a pice of |Kirk in payment for Um work when he knows full well that ? he Jew will not accept. The Jewish roldier really cats no army food, and usually manages to get his meals at the home of a jew. I The homes of the poorer class of Jews in Russia are not always at? tractive, as they arc generally filthy and emit the- most Nauseating odors. , 'I his |>er>ple are clannish, and huddle together as if expecting i>ertecution. \ The sanitary conditions all ova* Rus? sia arc bad. and it is only the six months of intensely cold weather ?j which keeps out a pestilence. Tho Jews are not allowed to bathe in the rivers or lakes and fashionable water ing places will not receive them. They are comi>el!ed to live in certain quar? ters of the cities, no matter in what condition their health may be. and if they wish to consult a physician in a distant town they may only do so by |>ermission of the Czar. Xo govern? ment |H>sitlons are ojien to him. and every effort is made to smother J%w ish enterprise, yet he thrives and .-?ccraa every ready to help his own i?eople. He gives without ostentation, and the name of the doner ig kept. secret, the charitable work being man aged by the rabbis. Min? Summe (Continued Fror prove quite becoming to the face. When a white hat has become dis colored or a light straw has faded, and yet retains its shape, an applica? tion of straw paint should be applied. This fluid is made for the purpose of coloring straw only and it will not run when rained upon, as shoe blacking noes. With this coloring fluid an old j "lack hat can he pain.od to look a! I most like new. and any hat can be re ! stored to Its pristine brilliancy of col I i.rtng or changed to any color desired. An old ?ailor hat. while still of fh~ i fashionable siie reaardinr the brim j and the crown, becomes brown from dust and age. and also bent esst at shape. This ran he made as good a* uew by first dampening the brim sad placing the hat on some perfectly aar. even surface. Place on top of the brim several bsrv* books. It shoule be loft in this position for a eaojato of aar?, and then, wb-n absolutely ''Iff. sboeM be gives % new coat of hiac* pstnc When bare bats sre elaborstrtv he ? k. ?I mi'; fl iwcm and ribbon thee are considered in good style for the prvseat season, esprrtally for after noon wear Mu? for the taornlng the liaaerV hat has bee* sasmrsiJi I by a ?Imarc. wide brimmrd straw swaps, tnrssved only with s wMr. flat bow knot of plala or fancy colored rfh boa. For thai ityV of hat a yeBow Qu&rfer (B*JBer As to religion the Jew keeps strict? ly to the letter, and all Jewish fac? tories and stores are closed am their Sabbath day. Many of them make pilgrimages to Jerusalem. The Jew has great difficulty in obtaining a passport, and usually pays several times the regular price, especially ir he Is found to be a little prosperous. He is not a drinker, and a drunken Jew in Russia is a rara avis. He is not quarrelsome, and his disputes with his neighbors are generally settled quickly by his rabbi, in whom he ha.; implicit faith. When sjioken to in reference to the desire of the Jew to emigrate to the ''nited States, a Russian declared that they could do as they pleased rhere and were under no restraint. Then he added: 'They reallv prefer Russia to America, and only leave be .?ause their lives are not safe here. If they were sure of protection you could ?:ot drag them away. They know that ?he ignorant Russian is an easier prev for their money-lending games than anybodv in educated America." Con i'ilions have proved that his state? ment was correct in some res|>ects, tor during the year of 1M7, when there were several anti-Semitic riots in Russia. 2.08,493 immigrants came to America from the Czar's domain, the majority of whom were Jews. The vcar 190S was comparatively quiet in I Russia aud fewer Je-vs than usual : wert- exet tiled, emigrations from there ! wata at once decreased?only 1.16,711 ; arriving at our ports during the year , "90S?a falling off or over IWJMjfj ! Freak Monuments. 1 Freak monuments are to be found in all parts of America and some of them teli queer stories. The greater ' portion of them commemorate per sons, but some are erected in meniorv of a faithful dog or cat. There is a I tombstone over the body of a black s-mith in New York which represents a huge anvil. With present-uay slang 'he anvil can have two meanings. I There is a peculiar tombstone at Sprinsttcld. Mass.. which shows a -ninature house and lot over the body ' of a former real estate dealer. In? scribed are the words: "In Mansions Above" and "Gone Home." In Ptnn rylvania there U a tombstone over the grave of a horse dealer, which has an elaborate ly carved horse's head on graved on it. There is a dog and cat cemetery at Haidsdale. N. Y., where r<any luculiar tombstones are erected ! * ver the bodies of pets. The reason a girl diau t get engag? ed to sc.me other man thin the one she did is he didn't hapjx n to he around at the right time. if Hats at Home n Seventh Page) "is can or burnt straw is bc?t. as both white and all the II :bter shades change their coloring In the sun When a pretty and becoming shape baa been found it is an excellent plan to purchase several different bow knots for i:. to be changed accordm? to the color of the gown to be worn Largo bows, well wired, with ar. end of the ribbon io go around the crown, can be bought, or 'he rihbon can first be bough; and wired in mm shop according to directions. I'nles., a woman has a special talent for making pretty, effective bows and re nettes. It will be worth the slight <\ tra cost to have the ribbon mad ? up snd wired in the store where the bat is purchased. Hut most women are usually apt in trtmminr a hat. and the 'owknots are about as little trouble ?? coo Id be expected In the frimminr of 1 The large flat bows mav really he placed anywhere at all upon the bat In soeae arndels the trimming Is all direr:!* .n front, m others Jost at the bark, sea in a howkaot is seen a little at one aide of the crow U> the rteht sad again at ?fates oflewiinses the bow Is of man. long loops, which fall 1 here srr infinite possibilities af de - igus thai <an be earn.d csnt with dir feewejf arraageaoeai sad , Hor af rib *am* aN aeon the seat* hat.