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% Jfamilii gWrrspajtr—--stboltb to politics, Stmpcrantt, literature, Science, ®Jjt g,rts, glecjranies, ®jie Itarhefs, (gkcatiim, Amusement, General Intcllijcncr, etc.,
J. S. & J. J. BRISBIN, VOLUME 26, ®|jc Centre gtmocrat. PUBLISHED EVERY THURSDAY BY J. S. & J. J. BRISBIN. Office in the Arcade Building, Second Floor. TERMS. —$1,50 if paid in advance or within six months after subscribing,otherwise $2 will invari ably be charged. No subscriptions received for a shorter period than six months and none dis jontinued, unless at the option of the editor, until all arrearages are naid. Business cards. M'AKKISTER & BE A V Ell ATTORN t¥sS-AT-LA\V, BELLTFOSTK, i"A Ulrico on Allegheny Street. Feb. 10 59 17 M. BKAXCHARD- ATTORNEY _I_J - AT-LAVV, BKL-LKUNTE, PKNNA. OfEco ioruirly occupied by the lion. James Burnside. Jan. 19, 't-0.-tf. UT W BROWX-ATTORNEY-AT TF • LAW-BKLLEFONTK, PENNA.YV ill attend to ad legal business entrusted to him, with prompt ness. May, 5 '59. T AS. LA. RANKIX, ATTOKNEYAT- LiAVV, ILTLLLEONTE. PA. u : ll attend prompt ly to ail legal business entrusted to hiin. Office next door to too Post Office. [Sspt. 20, '6O, tf WM.P. WILSOX-ATTORNEY-AT 5Y -LAW BELLFONTK, PA , wi'l promptly at* tend to all legal business entrusted to him ffice three doors North of the diamond. jan.l2'6o P Jo HOCKMAN , SURVEYOR AND J-J, CONVEYANCER, BBI.LRFONTK, PA., will attend to and correctly execute all businesi en trusted to him. [.June 14,-'6O, — tf P laSVINGSTON PATRICK, AT- A 110ITNEV - AX-LAW, BELLEFONTE, PA., Will attend promptly to all legal business entrus ted to him. Office on Northwest oorner of the Diamond. [Nov. 15, 1860.—tf. CLEU. L. POTTER. M. D. OFFICE ou High street, (oldoffice.) Bellefonte Pa. Will atlend to professional calls as heretofore, and respectfully offers his professional services his friends and tho pubiic. (>ct.26'sS C A. FAinLAJIB. M. I). JAS. A. DOBBINS, M D FAIRLAMB & DOBBINS, DR. FAIRLAMB has associated with him DR J. 11. DOBBIN "-'.in the practice of medicine atiiee as heretofore on aishop street, opposite the Temrierance Hotel. March 19.57. DS. JAS. P. GlifiGG, rope ctfully offers his professional services to tho people of Milesburg and vicinity. Residence, Daniel R. Boiieua's National Hotel. Refer to Dr. J. al. McCoy. Dr. G. L. Potter. Dr. J. B. Mitchell. [Nov. S, IB6o.—tf. WM. REISER, SURGEON AND PiIYbICIAiS, having permanently located offers his Professional services to the citizens of Pine Grove Mills and vicinity, and respectfully oslicits a liberal portion of the public patronaire. [Feb. If., '6o.—ly. j. J' LINGLE. Operative AUC * LMCL-IJUIUCUI JJcnuat, will prac tiee all the various branches of his profession in the most approved manner. Office and resideuce on Spring St,Bellefonte ( Pa, [Mar. f.'6". tf. TAMESYLLDDKE. ATTORNEY-AT O EAYV, bs.LLiiFo.VRIS PA. Will attteud to all t,uc in ess entrusted to him with care and prompt ness. Refer to Gov. Pullouk, Milton Pa. and Hpn. A. G. Curtin, Bellefonte Pa. Office with John il. Stover jan. 5, '6O. JR. MUFFI/i, AKNT F " B ™ , WBST.bHAJiCH iNoUUANOE COMPANY. lOr sons wishing to sccuro themselves from losses by fire, will do Well to call upon him at the store of J. R, iUuffiy A Co., N. E. corner of the Diamond, three doors above Allegheny stivei, Bellefonte, Cent.e co , Pa. Mar, 15, 60. ly. WW. WHITE, TEA' bi n p ! r ~ # niuiiently located in Loalsburg, Centre County Pa. Office on main st„ next door to the fctore of Johnston A Keller, where be puiposes practising Irs profession in tho most scientific manner and at moderate charges. mar. IUA C. MLTCHKLL. CYUIIS T. A LEX AN unit. MITCHELL S: ALEXANDER. ATTORNEY S-AT-LAW, IIELLBFONTB PFNSA. Raving associated themselves in the practice of law, will a'tcn I promptly to all business en trusted to their care Office in the Arcado. [NO7.' 1, *6o.—tf. CONVEYANCING. DEEDS BONDS, MORTGAGES, AND AR TICLES OF AGREEMENT neatly and cor rectly executed. Also, attention will be given to the adjustment of Book Accounts, and accounts f Auminstratior s aid Executors prepared for filing, office next door to the Post Office. Oct., 19th, 'SB, WM. J. KEALSIi. fe* sz&h <3". JOE A/X7" m^ato RESIDEIfT DENTIST. Office and residence on the North jastern corner of tho Public Square, near the Jourt House. Will be found at his office, except two weeks in acb month, commencing on the first Monday of *jch month, when ho will be filling professional B ngagements elsewhere. Oct. 22. '57 4jj tt. JOHN XL STOVER ATTORNEY AND COUNSELLOR AT LAW BELLEFONTE, PA., will practice his pro fession in the several courts of Centre county.— All business entrusted to him will be carefully at tended to. Collections made and all monies ■promptly remitted. Office, on High st. formerly opcuped by Judge Bnmside, and D. C. Boal, Esq. wherehe can be consulted both in the English and inthe german language. May 6,'58 —22 ly. JAS. lIACMANUS. W. P. MA CM ANU J: & WW, P. MACMANUS. ATTORNEY'S-AT-LAW, BKLLEFONTE, PA., Office in the rooms formerly occupied by Linn A Wilson, Allegheny street. Jas. Macman us has associated with W. P. Mac manus, Esq., in the practice of law. Professional business intrus tedt o their care will receive prompt attention. They will attehd the several Courts in the Coun ties of Centre, Clinton and Clearfield. J Hne 21, '6O, tf. HAKE & HOY. ATTORNEY,-A I LAW, wilt attend prunptly to all business entru stedto their care. Office in the building formerly occupied by Hon, Jas. T. Hale. A CARD. Messrs. Hale A Hoy will attend to my-business during uiv absence in Congress, and will be as sisted by me in the trial of all caqsqs entrustedto them. J. T HALE. jans'lß6o CURTIN & BL AN CHARD. A TTOKN EY"i5-AT-LAW, BELLEFONTE, PKNNA The undersigned having associated them selves in the practise of Law, will faithfqlly at tend to all professional business entrusted to them in Centre, Clintion and Clearfield counties. All collections placed in their hinds, will receive their promt attention. Office in Blanchard s new building on Allegheny street. Nov. 30 '58 CURTIN A BLANCHARD. HOUSE OF iVM. P.. REYNOLDS d? CO. BELLEFONTE, CENTRE CO., PENN'A. Bills cf Exchange and Notes discounted ; Collec tions made and Funds promptly remitted. Inter* est paid on Special Deposits, Exchange on the Hasten cities constantly on hand and for sule. Deposits received. April 7 'SB ST. LAWRENCEHOTEt, CHESTNUT STREET, PHILADELPHIA; wm. b. Campbell., proprietor Apr oth'GO—tf. no iwjEjlmj & ssourkeT MANUFACTUREBSAND I\l POESEIIS OF PAPER HANGINGS, N. E. Cor. of fourth Jfc Market Streets, PHILADELPHIA. Oct, 4, 'CO, 3m. [R. G. 0. J. THORP FLAHERTY, Importer of - Jlavana Scgars, No. 837 CHESTNUT STREET, (Adjoining Girard House,) And Opposite CONTINENTAL HOTEL, PHIUDELPIin, PFWSYLVAMA. Ar d.20,-'6O, —1 y. BOMGARDNER. HOUSE CO RNEIi OF SIXTH AND R. R, STREETS OPPOSITE L. V. AND PENNA. R. R. DEPOTS, HARRICBURG, PA J.W. STONE. PROPRIETOR Mar. 15tb,.1560, ly. MADAME SI 11 WEED'S INFALLIABLE POWDERS, K the speedy and effectual Cure of all Infla motions, Fevers, Rheumatism, D yspepsia and Liver Complaint, Riles. Gravel , and all Acute and Chronic Diseases of Adults and Children. —Send 3 cent Stamp to her Ayent, G. 11. .JONES, Hundreds of testimonials.] T>ox 2070 Phila, P. 0. Agency , S. \V. cor. Third <fc Arch Sts. Oct. 4, 1300. lOt. J. Web. J.PAEMER& CO., MARKET ST., WHARF, PHILADELPHIA Dealer in FISII CFIEESE and Provisions, Have constantly on assortment of DRIED St PICKLED FISH, Ac., viz: Mackerel, Sbad, Salmon, Blue Fish, Herrings, Codfish, Beef, Pork, Lard, Shoulders, Hams, Sides, Cheese, Beans, Riee, Ac., ct. 4, 'CO. —3m [J. Web. UNITED STATES HOTEL, BY 2Lm. T33STEJYCIS. OPPOSiTF PENNSYLVANIA It. R. REPOT H AFLFUSBURG PA, E. HARTSHORN Superin tend en L ]VT O pains have been spared to make tl e abvoe [I the first hotel in Harrnbnrg. The taJile i always spread with the best the market affords and the accommodations are suprior to any found elsewhere in the city. March Ist ISBU.s HUGH B. BRI3BEN, grtigsisi, MANUFACTUREK OF EXTRA LIQUOR COLORING, N, W. Cor. Third &' Poplar streets, # Terms Cash.] Philadelphia, Oci. 3, 1800, —ly. ~ klEMM!T¥rother, IMPORTERS, MANUFACTURERS k DEALER* IN Iflusital- Instalments, GERMAN, FRENCH AND Italian SStrlxigjs* No. 705 Market Street, PHILADELPHIA. Sept. 13,- KOUIS V; Ell UEl'l, IMPORTER AND MANUFACTURER VF i?As:cT fuhs. For Ladies', Gentlemen's and Children's Wear, NO. 234, ARCH ST., PHIL'A, All kinds of Furs Dressed, Cleaned and Repaired. Furs made to order at the shortest notice. Full value paid for Shipping Furs, Furs taken care of during the Summer Oct. 4, '6o.—ly. W. A. ARNOLD. JOBS w. WILSON ARNOLD & WILSON WARMING & VENTILATING WAREHOUSE, No. 1010 Chestnut Street, P hilade'ph ia CMZLSQN's Paten Cone and Ventilating FURNACES. Cooking" Ranges, Baih Boilers, ENAMSLSP STATE MANTELS Common and Low Down Parlor Grates, Warm Air Registers and Ventilating, Ac. Ac. Particular attention given to warming and Ven tilating Buildings of every discription. li EN J. M. FELT WELL, Sup't. Apr. 26,—1860. ly. TOWXSE YD & COc, " (Successors to Sam'l Townsend <fc Son,) No. 39 South Second Street, above Chestnut, IG V J ELPIIIA. IMPORTERS & DEALERS IN Velvet, Brussels, Tapestries, Three ply, In grain and Venitiau CARHfc-TS of the best English A American make. MAI TIEGS. OILCLOTHS, Tc., tlx., &c. Wo solicit an inspection of our assortment be fore purchasing elsewhere. Oct. 4, 3m. [R. G. 0. HAINES & DOCK. WHOLESALE GROCERS, No. 35 North Water Street, PHILADELPHIA. GROCERIES, GROCERIES, GROCERIES, GROCERIES, GROCERIES, GROCERIES, Merchants of Central Pennsylvania LOOK TO YOUR INTERESTS ! ! If you wish to buy chewp go to Haines A D oc^i They keep on hand the best articles to be h a( j in the City, irv their line of business. Call and examine their goods. Remember their Firm is at No. 35 North Water Street, PHILADELPHIA Apr. 26, '6o.—ly. ["WE STAND UPON THE INI MUTABLE PRINCIPLES OF JUSTICE- -NQ EARTHLY POWER SHALL DRIVE US FROM OUR POSITION BELLEFONTE, PA., THURSDAY MORNING. DEC., 13 1860 NEW TOPOGRAPHICAL MAP DIRECTORY CENTRE CO. PENNSYLVANIA, BY S. D. TILDEN, From actual Measurement by Instrumen tal Surveys throughout the County. By 11. f. WALUSO, Civil Engineer. FIMIE undersigned proposes to publish by orde r A a large and accurate Popographical Maj of Centre county, from thorough and careful sur veys, by H. F. Walling, Civil Engineer. Every road has been oarefulty surveyed by course ar.d distance, anil the location noted of all the public roads, Dwellings, Chunhcs, Post Offi ces, Hotels, Stores; School Houses, Factories, Mills. Shops, Mountains, Ponds Streams, <£c.— The names of Property Holders generally—care fully including those vho order the work—will he engraved upon the Map, showing the exact lo cation of each. Extra Maps of the Principal Villages 'will be engraved upon the margin o e the Map ; also a Table of Distances, showing the number of miles from ' aeh Post office to every other throughout the county, together with tho latest statistical in* formation. An ornamental border will surround the Map Tho Map will be engraved by the m st skillful Artists in the country, handsomely colored and inonnted, and will be delivered to those who or der for Five dollars per copy. We are now actively engaged in forwarding the work, and shall endeavor to give every property holder an opportunity of ordering a copy, and al so of examining the work before its final com pletion; in order tc make it entirely satislactory as to accnrac3', AC. The map will contain all the information usual- J ly fouud in Town maps, tor each of the towifs in the county, and it is obvious that the most liberal patronage is needed to sustain us in produoing a work of so great magnitude and expense. As it is evidently of such practical utility and inteiest to business men and citizens genTully, present ing so minute and distinct a representation of the county, that even the child may readily acquire a correct idea of each town, village, Ac., and their trne directions, distances from each other, we con fidently solicit and expect the heart v co-operation of the intelligent and enterprising citizens of (Jeu (re county. S. D. TILDEN. Publisher. These maps are said exclusively by the Publisher, and no variation in price. No more maps are printed than what are actually ordered. We the undersigned, having sxamined the re cent surveys and drafts of L'enire counry, also Topographical Maps of other counties, pulishod by Mr. S. D. Tildon, take pleasure in recommend ing a Topographscal Map o f this county, which s very much needtd, being of great practical value to business men and citizens generally, and from he united testimonials and recommendations tho_ ave from distinguished gentlemen wh-re they ave made surveys arid published county maps.— We feel confident ihey will furnish an accurate, reliable and useful Map and Directory well wjr ty of liberal patronage, W c hope the citizens of this cfinnty will interest themselves sufficiently in this enterprise, so that the Publisher may engraye upon the margin of the map, extra plans uf the villages in tjie county upon an enlarged scale. Considering the expense of such a survey of the whole popnty, and being entirely a local work we think it is offered to the citizens on very reason able terms. Win. F. Reynolds, James T. Hale, John Iloffer, Adam Hoy, Win. A. Thomas, E. C. Humes Ira C. Mitchell. H, N. McAllister, J- S. Barnhart, as, A. Beaver, Cyrus T. Alexander, Ed. Blw'hard, If. Brobkerhoff, AVm. P. Wilson, Geo. L. Potter, Geo. Livingston, Jacob V. Thomas, Geo A. Fair lamb. Jas. 11. Rankin, James F. Riddle, John Tonner, Jesse L- Test, George W. Tate, John T. Hoover, P. B. Wilson, James Li'in, J. B. Mitch ell. E. Greene, .J. H. Stover, R. G. Durham, Sam'l Linn, 11. P. Harris, A, S. Valentine. Aug. 23, 1860. tf. BCERHAVE'S HOLLAND BITTERS TIIE CELEBRATED HOLLAND REMEDY FQR BTSPEPSIA, DISEASE OF THE KIDNEYS, LIVER WEAKNESS OF ANY KIND, FEVER AND AGUE, Anu the various affections consequent upon a disordered STOMACH OR LITER, Such as Indigestion, Acidity of ttie Stomach, Colicky Pains, Heartburn, Loss of Appetite, Despondency, Costivenoss, Blind and Bleeding Piles. In all Nervous, Rheumatic, and Neuralgic Affections, it has in numerous instances proved highly beneficial, and in others effected a decided cure. This is a purely vegetable compound, prepared on strictly scientific principles, after the manner of the celebrated Holland Professor, Bcerhave. Its reputation at home pro duced its introduction here, the "demand commencing with those of the Fatherland scattered over the face of this mighty copntry, tnany of whom brought with them and handed down the tradition of its value. It is now offered to the American public, knowing that its truly wonder/id medicinal virtues must be acknowledged. It is particularly recommended to those persons whose constitutions may have been impaired by the continuous use of ardent spirits, or other forms of dissipation, Generally instantaneous in effect, it finds its way directly to the scat of life, thrilling and quickening every nerve, raising up tho drooping spirit, anil, in tact, infusing new health and vigor in the system. NOTlCE.—"Whoever expects to find this a beverage tvid be disappointed; but to the sick, weak and low spirited, it will prove a grateful aromatic cordial, nossessed of singular remedial properties. READ CAREFULLY! The Genuine highly concentrated Boerhave's Holland Bitters is put up in half-pint bottles only, and retailed at ONE DOLLAR per bottle, or six bottles for FIVE DOLLARS. The great demand for this truly celebrated Medicine has induced many imitaifions, which the public should guard against purchasing. /Kg- Beware of Imposition. See that our name is ou the label of every bottle you buy. Bold by Druggists generally. It oan be.forwarded by Express to most points. SOLE PROPRIETORS, BENJAMIN PAGE, JR. & CO. MANUFACTURING pharmaceutists and (UhemistS; PITTSBURGH, PA, FOR SALE AT tha ng named plages in Centre county : J. Harris A Co., Bellefonte; D. Honser A Son; Plumville Mills ; Geo Jack A Co., Boalsburg , Adam F. Shnfi'er, Madisonburg; Samuel Pomius, Zion ; Balscr Weber, Howard; H. Brown, IJu blereburg; C. G. Ryman AT, M. Hall, Miles burg; A. T. Schnell St Co., Port Matilda; Rhule St Keestnan, Millheim; Sam-Frank, Rebersburg; T. Wolf St Son, Wolf's Store; W. Wolf, Centre Hall; R. H. Duncan, Spring Mills; T. Jack, Potters' Mills ; Peter Kerlin, Churchville ; J. H, Hahn, Springfield ; Rankin A Bolinger, Bai loysville; J. Q. Wi/fiams, Eagtevi/fe ; Nixon St Co., MiUHaZJ; Joseph Bing, UnionvHle; Gross A YeAriek, Aaronsburg; J. O. Brj Pine Grove Mitfs; Jacob Dauie's, Stormetow j and by deal ers generally. Prom the Pittsburg Dispatch. Shall we support a Standing Army or a Malitia Organization. WRITTEN BV GEN. J. 8. NEG',EV• There is no subject of greater rational im portance and better entitled to our respect and uuvrearried watchfulness, than the mil- j itary defences of our Country. It should be spoken of in the lessons of youth, and not bo forgotten in the counsels of the aged. If our land did not teem with' the prodigal gifts of Providence—if we had no liberties or free iu j stitutions to defend—no enjoyment of reli- ; giuus opinions—a free prtss and free expres sion of thought —no debt of gratitude to pay j —no c ildren's happiness to perpetuate — j then, and only then, might we look with in- i difference upon the provisions of safety. But j quiet reflection startles us with the value of our interests at stake, and the little regard devo'ed to their defenae. Millions are squan dered in useless expenditure— the burdensot our Government are annually increased by fresh territory—the Indians are driven to the shoreaof the Pacific for their hqnting grounds —the claims of Europe are looked upon wi h envy the Executive arm stretches forth to grasp the jewels of Spain—commerce lias been foreed upon China and Japan, and our internal progress travels upon the wings of lightning and steam ; yet our government seems to be heedle-s of the necessities of war, and overlooks the increasing dangers of in sult from abroad, and the liability of civil commotion at home. Occasionally a shadow of war flits across our horrizon. Should it burst into a storm, where are our prepara tions f< r a vigotous defence ? It is true we have ships of war rotting in port, and mas sive cannon rusting by the road sides—a large number of useless muskets—State ar senals without arms -a broken down ma litia, and a system of tactics suited to march ing along tho streets, and a s'anding army of some 12,000 men, scattered along our Irontiers and in government arsenals; but hojv are we to meet the shock of the grand armies of Europe, should they take up the challenges flung at them almost every day ? Tutth will answer, nowhere but in the pa triotic citizen soldier, the'tiardy son of toil, win breath the fresh air of sunrise—he who is the first to hear tbs call of danger, and of (er his life a sacrifice upon the alrer of his country-*- in whose bosom ever burns bright the spirit of enthusiastic devotion even in spite of the neglect of his government. But is this all that is necessary ? No. If we would avail oursevlea of this powerful ele ment, in which our independence was crea ted, w° must encourage the citizen soldier, provide him with suitable arms, discipline him in the art of war that teaches endurance of fatigue, activity of motion, accuracy of aim, reliance upon himself in battle, the ability to find a defence in every tree and stone, and last, pot least, reward bis skill with respect aud a remuneration for his sac rifices. Follow this humble advice, and you will have a resistless aruiy at your tire sides. 1 can already imagine the, objections that j will be raised against these suggestions.— \ The thoughtless will call preparations tor war in peace a waste of time and money ; a temp tation to immorality, & dangerous policy, ar.d an idle ambition. The egotistical "Hvill as sert, that because we achieved our indepen i dence we can conquer the world. Those who are awed by religious views will iepict the horrors of war, and bid the sword be turned into a pEw share, whiie others will advocate a standing army. Eah of these objection! may have a plausible argument, but where are their teachings when ws listen to the les sons of the past, or turn over the pages of every nation's history? I would say-to those who would stamp the volunteer s\stein with infamy, to come with me to the New Eng land graveyards, and let thick coining fan cies crowd upon the mind and bring forth in shadowy oonoiave the long procession of martyrs, who taught the world the meaning of the term, Militia. Ask them if there was no piety in the labors of Quicceys, llan | looks, Adams and Warrens, and whether j they did not sbed blooa as pure as ever flow ed, with a contempt ot pe;il, for sake of I conscience and principle? Was it ambition i that kept tne hearts of Washington's men warm while blood trickled from their frozen feet? Was it ambition that fi.led the gal lant souls that fell in undistinguished ranks from Lexington to Concord ? Was it ambi tion that moved the sinews of theyoutli who made forced marches through Mexico, with | the bright beams of a tropical sun dancing j on their bayonets, parehiDg their throats for water, and drying up iheir bioed with fever ? If it was ambitiou, cruel has been the re ward. Those who live, inherit 'he hardships and privations of camp-lifo. Thousands found a shallow resting-place, far, far from the hom*B of kindred, whiie the bones of a few were gathered up by comrades, who knew their virtue and heroism, and brought them home to slumber in unmarked graves, beneath the shadow of tall monuments that reeord the titles of those who died in the lap of luxury. To those who imagine that our nation's destiny is peace, or that we would be able to cope with the nations schooled in war, without a moment's warning, I would say, how limited the view of our dangers both at home and abroad. Ilow futile to suppose that our emblems of peace will al ways be respected by the military nations of Europe ; and bow weak the judgment in say- ing that an aroiy of raw recruits, even with hearts and frames of giants, and however ho ly the cause, would be equal to the modern trained and efficiently armed troops of the old world. Are we not linking our interests with every people on the globe, and will we be always able to secure ourselves against foreign violence or civil destruction ? Egypt was once the Queen of the East, but her greatness could not save her from the hordes ef Cambysses. Greece became the cradle ot science and the birthplace of teachers for all ages, yet the refinement, learning and all the grand conceptions of the human mind, were stopped, and the haDds of progress turned back on the dial plate of time. May there not be again a Ghengis Khan, Cesars, CKar lemagnes and Alexanders, to found new em pires and check tho tide of civilization ? It has been but a few months since Rusia shook the political frame of Europe, and the tribes of India blofted out the most remarkable commercial enterprise in the world; and who can say that America will not ba qrres ted in her flight of ambition, and have the same periods of light and darkness as the na tions before us? Is aot her political future now obscured by a cloud that is seen by all the world. In reply to religious objections, I regret to j find so little encouragement; for the adyocate of uon-resistancs, and so little harmony be tweeen the advice and facts. The gleam of | the sword has ever lighted up the pathway of civilization. The Cross arid Bible have been carried on the point of the bayonet ev er sinGe Cortiz landed OD the shores of the Western Hemisphere. The first beacon of alarm shown from the lanterns in the Old North Church at Lexington, and the most el oquent appeals for the Revolution, came from the lips of the Ilev, Jonas Clark. Bid the constant expression of ' GMcs wille set ge than" save the Dunkards' families from be ing massacred in the Juniata Valley, and their scalps being carried to Detroit? Not a man of tbem would shoulder a rifle, or pay a cent towards the protection of tbeir homes, and when their wives or children were ta ken captives, the fearless and noble Penn sylvania volunteer would shoulder his rifle and alone follow the ti uil of the savages, with tho cunning of the v.clf, over rugged moun tains and icy rivers, into the depths of the pathless wilderness, until he rescind the cap tives or avenged their deaths, often losing his own life. It is not my wish to weave fresh laurels for the hero's wreath, or award a tribute of praise to the conqueror, or re kindle the angry passions of war, but I would fearlessly stir up the ashes of the past to do justice to those who knew no sacrifice too great when liberty was the reward. And to save from disgrace the militia system of my country, the same feeling encourages the remark that tho man who would embarrass the only means of our defense, or ridicule the volunteer system, or refuse it the respect of our community, does not deserve to enjoy the precious fruits of liberty and indepen dence, which have grown rank on soil that has been enriched by patriots' blood. Per haps I can best enforce ray plea in the lan guage of one of the greatest statesmen and orators of the age : "If this cloud of mani fold war should burst suddenly, it would find that time honored institution, the rniliiia of the country, almost broken down. Yes, the broad shield which then covered the land at the commencement of hostilities, is broken and cast away ! Yes, tho rpiljtia, the once honored, and now derided militia, to which we owe the undying memory of Lexington, Concord, Eunker llill. Bennington and Sar atoga—is sinking under an unmerited weight of opprobrium and ridicule into the dust, I pray Heaven, sir, if the dark days must overshadow the country, we may not in this have cause to regret that we qro BQ very much wiser than our lathers," Although my article haa already been ex tended beyond newspaper limits, I cannot avoid referring briefly to the character of the arms distributed to the militia, and the sys tem of tactics in generttl practice. It seems unaccountable to me why Government should sparingly issue arms, (niaDy ef them unfit for use,) and encourage the organization of heavy Infantry, so little adapted to the char acteristic features of our country, and so contrary to the economical principles ef war fare. Frederick the Great discovered this er ror when obliged to employ riflemen to meet the Austrians on equal terms. The English acknowledged the same facts in 1794, when they employed riflemen from Ilesse, Den mark and Hanover, and organized the well remembered COth Battalion of Rifles, called the Royal Regiment, The same thiDg occurred to General Cgthcart at the Cape of Good Hope, when he wrote home for 5,000 rifles, so that they could hit what they shot at. The late war in Ilajy demopsti&ted the practical use of light Infantry. What solid body of men could withstand the dead ly aim and terrific charges of the Algiers ri fle regiments ? Experience justifies the re mark that the mqskets we used in Mexico were the worst in the world, requiring the heaviest ball, the greatest charge of powder, the most windage, the shortest range, and the least accuracy. As an instance of this, when the troops under General Santa Anna charged down the Calia Real in Puebla, they were received from the Quarlel by the balls and buckshot from upwards of 200 tuuskets. I was informed afterwards by a Mexican of ficer that they only lost ten men killed in this charge. Compare this wi.h a charge made by a company of native civalry upon a company of English rifles, in fawn pore, India—at the first fire sixty-nine out of the sevecty cavalry were ki!l°d, and the other one was shot by a rifleman when 200 yards distant. This I would call saving time and powder. England is so well satisfied with the advantages of the rifle and light Infantry drill, that she has encouraged the organiza tion cf 200,000 volunteer riflemen in six months. There is not a town in England that does not possess a fine rifle company.— These men are taught rifle practice at the ex pcuse of the government, and they become so proficient with the Enfield and Whitfield ri fle, that the marksmen can make IS points out of 20, at 900 yards. Both <he Swiss and Enfield rifle have a lower trajectory than ours. The advantage cf extended range is in the narrow bcre. A large bore and heavy charges cause recoil, which entirely prevents accuracy of aim. The weight of a gun and ammunition is of serious importance to tha soldier who mikes long marches; at tho same time it prevents him from meeting the active savage and mountan hunter on terms. Equal defects are to bo found in the clashing eciuipments of our cavalry. A well organized and properly armeu militia in each Sta'e, would in a great measure prevent the tedious and expensive transportation of men and arms from distant points to another, as in tbe Salt Lake Expedition. More money was foolishly spent in this way than would have equipped every militarj' company in tho Union. This was never tbe polioy of the country until within a few administrations. We have another example in the Florida war, wheie it took a longer time to drive out the Indians, han it took the volunteers of Massachusetts to conquer the thirty tribes, and 'he hunters of Pennsylvania to drive liit* Six Nations beyond the Alleghenies. If Braddock had accepted the proffered services of Cnpt. Jack's hunters, it is proba ble his aripy Would have escaped defeat ; but he relied upon his muskets asd b'4 heavy Infantry. I venture the remark that if Gen. Scott had landed at Vera Cruz wiib 10,000 efficiently armed light Infantry, he would hav6 conquered Mexico in sis months. It must be the conviction of every sensible man that the arms, equipments, and system of warfare, should be adapted to tbe peculiari ties of the country. The Capita s of the World We subjoin some information relative to the chief cities of the world, commencing with the numbers ef their inhabitants : London, 0,470,000 Paris, 2,000,000 New York, 900,000 Philadelphia, 000,000 Constantinople, 840,000 St. Petersburg, 000,000 Vienna, 500,000 Benin, 480.000 Roma, 198,000 L)ubliq, 308,000 Mexico, 218,000 Palermo, 193,000 Cincinnati, 158,000 Leeds, 158.000 Hamburg, 150,000 Turin, 100,000 Genoa, 125,000 Frankfort, 103,000 Naples, 510 000 Liverpool, 400,000 Glasgow, 380.000 Boston, 178 000 Moscow, 370,000 Manchester, 304,000 Madrid, 280,000 Ryoos, 300,000 Lisbon, 204,000 Amsterdam, 225,000 Havana, 240,000 Marseilles, 200,000 Milan, 153,000 Brussels, 132,000 Copehngen, 130 000 Biistol, 120,000 Florence, 107,000 Second Class American Cities. St. Rouis, 101,000 Milwaukee, 40.000 Detroit, 47,000 Cleveland, 43,000 Zanesville, 9,212 Columbus, 18,628 Dayton, 40,000 Washington, 01,400 Providence, 49,000 Rochester, 48,000 There are 57 cities in the world which con tains from 100,000 to 200,000 inhabitants, 23 from 200,000 to 500,000, and 12 which con tain above 500,000. Slander Against slander there is no defence. Ilell eannot boast so foul a tieud ; nor man deplore so fell a foe; it stamps with a word—with a nod —with a shrug—with a look—with a smile. It is the pestilense walking in dark ness, spriadingcontagion far and wide, which the most wary traveller can't avoid it is the heart searching dagger of the dark assassin ; it is the poisoned arrow whose wound U in curable ; it is the mortal sting of the deadly adder; murder is its employment; innocence its prey—and ruin its sport. Its foundation is in envj, jealousy, and disappoiuted ambi tion. Its heralds are found in all sects, in every community, The slanderer is vindic tive, malicious, a cowardly insinuating demon—worse than a murderer. EDITORS & PROPRIETORS. NUMBER 49 Tlje Dead Wifcj In comparison with the loss, ail o.tber be reavements are trifles. The wife, she who. fills an, large a space in the domestic heaven; she who is busied, so unwearied; bitter, bitter is the tear that falls upon her clay, Yon stand 1 esitle her grave and think of the past; it seems an ainber colored pathway where the sun shone upon the beautiful flowers, or thq stars hunjj'glitter ng over haad. Fain would the soul linger there. No thorns are remem bered above the sweet clay, save those your, own hands have unwitting'y planted. Her. noble, r?ndf heart lies open to your inmost sight, lou think of her as all gentleness, all beauty and purity. But ghe ig d.ad.— The dear head that has often lain upon your, bosom, now rests upon a billow of clay. Tha hands that administered so untiringly aro faded white and cold beneath the gloomy portals. The heart whose every beat meas ured an eternity of love, lies under your feet. And there is no white arm over joqr should er now—no speaking faco to look up in the eye of love—no trembling lips ta murmur. '•Oh it is to sad!" There is a strange husfl in every room! No smile to meet you at the clock ticks, and ticks, and ticks! It was sweet music when she could bear it. Now it seems to knel' only tbo hours through which you watch the shadows of death gathering upon the sweet face. Bqt many a tale it ttdleth of joys past, sorrows shared, and boautiful words registered abovo- Y"U know the grave cannot keep her. Yoq know that she is often by your side, sn an gel presence. Cherish these emotions, they will make you happier. Let her holy pres ence be as a charm to keep you from evil.— In all new and pleasant conceptions give her a place in your heart. Never forget what tho has bsen to you—that she has loved you. Be tender to ber memory. Eaply Vice Acote observes cf American life have tes tified that the riots and mobs which have disgraced our principal cities were composed largely of tpere hoys and half grown men.— The same class of youthful criminals com mit a large part of tbe larcenies and other petty offences which occupy the attention of our criminal courts. Lord Shaftsbury, in a thorough personal investigation of criminal life in London has discovered, the same alarming fact in English society. lie says "that of all the adult male criminals in Lon don, not two in a hundred who live an hon est life up to the age of twenty, ever enter on e, course of crime,'' and that "almost all who enter upon such a course, do so between the ages of eight and sixteen." These facts should stimulate all engaged in mission Sunday schools to renewed vigor and diligence in their noble work. As chil dren and youth, who receive a large part of their education in the streets and are forming habits of immorality and vice, can be kept from evil by mission schools, and imbued with strong religious principles, wo shall see the effect in a deminution of criminals in tbt> next generation. facts. True repentance is followed by a coruect walk and holy conversation. The fruits cf the spirits are love meekness, gentleness, goodness, kindness, and so on. Humility is an evidence of regeneration and piety. Without it we caunot be Christ ians. Parents should always accompany good precepts with good examples. Never make light of men's misfortunes but always sympathise with them. Children who have BO regard for their pa* rents generally become bad men and wo man. The beggar has a heart as well as the Prince, and the two ara brothers. Spring is the emblem of youth ; Winter is : the emblem of death. Put your trust in Providence, and yon will always enj >y contentment. God so loved the world that he gave his : son as a ransom for u<. Jlappy Women. A happy woman! Is not she tbe sparkle ; and 'iunshine of life ? A woman who is hap ! py because she can't help it— whose smile ; even the coldest sprinkle of misfortune can ! not dampen. Men make a terrible mistake ; when they marry for beauty, for talent, or for style ; tho sweetest wives arc those who possess the magic secret of being contented | under any circumstanpes, Rich or poor, | high or low, it makes uo dlSurenoe; the bright little fountain of joy bubbles up just as musically in their hearts, I)o they live in a Jog cabin ? The fire light that leap? up on its humble hearth stones becomes bright er than the gilded chandeliers in an Aladdin | palace. Was ever the stream of life so dark and unpropitious that the aunsbino of a hap py face falling across its turpid tide, would not awaken an answering gleam ? Why, these joyous tempered people don'tknaw half the goo J they do, SHaf A moral man need not tell tbe world that he is such ; it will be known without.— Just as a wicked man is known by his evil deeds, is a good man known by his righteous acts, and it will be known without being lold.