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Cntlre §emocrat. 18 PUBLISHED EVERY THURSDAY BY J. J. BEISBIN. Office in Reynolds' Iron Front, Second Floor. TSRMS. —$1,50 if paid in advance or within six 1 months after subscribing,otherwise $2 willinvari- ! ably be charged. No subscriptions received for j * shorter period than six months and none dis- i continued, unless at the option of the editor, until . all arrearaees are uaid. The Star-Spangled Banner. i Oh ! say, can you see, by the dawn's early light, What so proudly we hail'd at tbe twilight's last gleaming 7 Whose broad stripes and bright stars through the i perilous fight, O'er the ramparts we watch'd, were so gallant- ; ly streaming ! And tha rocket's red glare, the bombs bursting in ; air, ; Gave proof through the night that our flag was : still the*e ! Oh ! say. does that Star-spangled banner yet wave, O'er tbe land of tbe free and the home of the J brave? On the share, dimly seen through the mists of ; tbe deep, I Where the foes haughty host in dread silence i reposes, What is that which tbe breeze o'er the towering j steep, As it fitfuily blows, half conceals, half disc-loses? ! Now it catches the gleam of the morning's first j bom : In full glory reflected, now shines on the stream' 'Tis the Star-spangled banner 1 0 long ',mav it wave, O'er the land of the freo, and the home of the brave ! And where is that band who so vsuntingly swore , That the havoc of war, and the battle's oonfu" j skm, A home and a country should leave us no more ? ; Their blood has wasb'l out their foul footstep's j pollution. No refuge could save the hireling and slave, From the terror of flight orthe gloom of the grave j And the Star-spangled banner, in triumph doth I wave, O'er the land of the free and the home of the brave 1 Ph 1 thas btfit ever, when freemen shall stand Between their loved home and war's desolation- Blessed with victory and peace, iiwy the Hearen fecCued land jFraiso the power that hath made and preserved us a nation 1 Then conquer we muzt, when onr cause it is jus' And this be our nrotto—'frr 'imJ is our trust !' And the Star-spangled banner iu triumph ahal l wavo, O'er the lanif of the free, and the houVe of the brave. tJL'i ; l L_.._ 1 1 JUL' Military Terms, • Tn order to Understand intelligently the various military movements which are tak ing place, it is necessary to familiarize one's self with many of the military terms in cur rent use. Indeed, so extensively bas tbe sol dier's dialect become incorporated with our daTy oouversstion, that some acquaintance with it s-sras almost essential. Below will be found most of these terms ordinarily oc curring in compiling them we have been guided by Harder s Tactics, V, S. Infantry and Rifle Tactics, and other reliable author ities : Abandon ■ —To retire from and yield an ttntenable position to the enemy. Jb-htis, (pronunced ab-bet-fee.)— Felled trees, with their sharp branches placed otrt wa-d, interlaced and presenting a thick front. Accoutrements —Comprise belts, cartridge box, bayonet-scabbard, but not weapons. Adjutant —An assistant of the Colonel, or ether commander, in the details of regimen tal or garrison duty, usually selected bom tbe rank of Lieutenant, Adjutant General. —Principal staff officer cf an army, to whom oonrmtJYiications for head-quarters are addressed. The Adjutant- General's department in the U. S. Army comprises one Colonel, one Lieutenant-Colo nel, four Brevet-Majors, and eight Brevet- Captains. Advance Guard. —A detachment preced ing the main army. Aid de-Camp. —Member of a General's staff, whose orders he receives and executes. Alignment —Lines on whieh troops are formed for battle, Ambulenct, —A moving hospital attached to an army for the purpose of rendering im mediate assistance to sick or wounded sol diers. Approaches, —The line of entrenchment, ditches, etc., by whioh besiegers approach a fortified place. Apron—A sheet-lead covering for mouth ofcannon. Armstrong- Gun. —A rilfe cannon loaded at the breech. Its projectile is made of cast iron, so constructed P.S to closely fit the grooves, when it is foreed through the bore. Army Corps. —A division of tbe atmy or ganized for a campaign, composed of in fantry, cavalry, and artillery. Banquette. —A slight elevation inside of a fort, upon which the soldiers stand Iff fire over the parapet. Barbette Guns —Guns fired over ?, parapet with wide range, distinguished from guns in embrasure, which fire through a narrow cut in tha embrasure, aod with a limited field af range. Bastion —ln fortifications the advanoed % Jmilg flefospaper —$cboteb to politics, Ktmpenma, fitcratun, Science, ®jjc pecjjanics, Agriculture, JSctncatioii, _ JrtMjente, fit., portion of a regular work, consisting of tw 'aces, enclosing a salient angle and two flanks. Battalion.— A body of infantry of two or more companies under one commander. Battery —A number ot cannon of any kind arranged for tiring together. Berm. —A narrow place between the par apet and ditch. Billeting.— Temporary lodgmeut of sol. diers in private buildings. Bomb —A ?helf thrown from a mortar. Boyau —Zigzag ditches by which the be seigers approach a fortified place. Brevet.— An honorary commission for mer itorious service, but not effecting tbe lineal rank. Brigade. Two or more regiments- Counter Scarp. —The exterior sltrpe of a ditch facing the escarp. Cadence.— Exact time io marching and re treating movements. Caisson. — The ammunition-carriage ac companying a field-piece. Canteen. —Drinking-flask. Captain. — Com'mander of a company. Carbine. —A small musket or rifle used by cavalry. Cartridge.—A charge of powder rolled in paper for muskets, and in flannel for cannon. Ball cartridge haye a ball inserted at tbe end of the powder. Cisemafe. — A bomb-proof chamber in for tifications. Cashier. —To dismiss an officer iguotnini oualy from an army. Cavalry —A term including all kinds of mounted troops. Colonel. —Commander of a regiment. Colors. —The two silken flags belonging to a regiment. Columbiad. —A gun of large callibre, for throwing solid shot or shells. Commissary. — An officer who purchases and distribute* provisions. Company. —A body of men, numbering from fifty to ome hundred. Corporal —The lowest grade of noa com. missioned officers. Counter-march. —A Bhangs of the direc tion of the regiment or oompnny from front to rear by a flank movement. Coup de Main —A sudden attack connect-' ed with a'surprise. Crenelated. — Loop holed. Countersign. —A secret word of communi cation to the sentinels on post. Curtain —That part of a rampart which joins the flanks of two bnsthns together- Coiirt Martial.s— Are divided into general courts to try important cases ; garrison courts for lesser delinquencies; and drum head courts fnr summary puuishmnt. Cuirassiers. — Heavy cavalry, protected by breastplates. Rone in the El. S. service. Column —A body of troops so drawn up as to form a narrow front. A column is close or open accordiug to the distance between the companies. Display —To open the order cf troops from column into line of battle. Dragoons. —Cavalry who sometime* serve on foot. Division- —Two or more brigades, Echelon —(French, meaning ladder.) —A formation of troops lollovring each other on separate lines- like the steps of a ladder.- Escarp The side of a ditch next to the parapet. Enfilade. —To sweep with a battery the whole letigb of a work, or liue of troops. Engineers —Officers who build fortifica tions. Topographical Engineers are those who make military surveys, or rsconnoisan ces. Entrench. —To throw up a parapet with a? ditch io front. Escalade. —An attack on a forthwith scal ing-ladders. Esplanade.—A. level surface within A forti fied place for exercising, eto. Fascines. —Brushwood bound together in convenient landies for carrying, and used to make firm footing on marshy ground-. FicM Officers. —Comprise the Colonel, Lieutenant-Cn'onel, and Major of a regi ment. Fatigue Duty,— Labor in distinction from the use of arms, such as carrying provisions, water, etc. File,—A line of soldiers ranged one behind another. Forlorn Eope.— A selected party, general ly volunteers, to attack a breach, in storm ing a work. The duty is verv dangerous, and the survivors are generally promoted. Furlough. — Leave ot absence. Glacis. —A bank of earth gently sloping toward the country. Generals. —All officers above the rank of Colonel. There are only two grades in the United States, Major and Brigadier-General. By special act the brevet of Lieutenant Gen eral was tonferred on General Scott. Gabions. —Baskets of wicker-work used in the construction of parapets, trenches, etc. Grape. —Large shot sewed together in cyl indrical bags, and made to fit in oannon like cartridges. Grenades-. —A small shell With a short fuse, which may be thrown into the enemy's works. Guidon-—'A small silken flag borne by cav airy and light artillery. Gunpowder —ls composed of seventy-six " WE STAND UPON THE IMMUTABLE PRINCIPLES OF JUSTICE-NO EARTHLY POWER SHALL DRIVE US FROM OUR POSITION." Bellefonte, Centre County, Penna., Thursday Morning, July 11 1861. parts of saltpetre, fourteen of charcoal, and l_ ten of sulphur. Haversack. —A coarse linen bag for carry ' ing provisions on a march. Havelock.—A cloth cap with large cape to protect the neck from the sUn.- Holsters. —Pistol-cases attached to cavalry . saddles. Howitzer. —A piece of artillery with a chamber at the bottom of tbe bore, in which j the cartridge is placed ; intended for -firing | shells. In fantry. —Foot troops, divided into infan* ; try of the line and light infantry. Disunion Conspiracy. j "As one by one new tacts are developed, to make it clearly evident to the whole eoun : try that the disunion conspirators have been I gradually perfecting their schemes during | the last thirty years, men may well contem plate with amazement such an extra-ordinary ! spectacle. It canfiot be doubted that up to withiD a recent period a very large majority of the people of the South, like those of tbe j North, were devotedly attached to the Union 1 and even at the present time there must ne | ee-isarily t>9 a large body of men there who ; still love it, and arß only temporarily pre vented from giving free expression to their | sentiments by the system of terrorism which j has been established. But during all this period a ceroparatively small, but determined band of leaders, have steadily pursued one aim. No matter what party was in power ; : no matter what issues set mod for the mo ment to command public attention ; no mat ' ter what objects they professed temporarily to \ have nearest their heart, their one steady ; and unchangeable trim? was disunion, and to i the disruption of this great Confederacy, ; they unceasingly devoted all their energies, : in season and out cf season, making ail oth er questions suboidinate to this. When in ! power they embraced every opportunity pre j sei.t d to them to sow the seeds disaffection | and distrust, and to turn the energy and re ! sources ef the Republic into whatever chao ; nels cou'.d be made most available and use ! ful, when the proper period arrived, for its i destruction. History furnishes no para'e'.l ; for the guilt of these persistent and unfalter ; enemies of onr country. Other nations, it is i true, have had their conspirators, bnt none, : who, for so long a period, or for such slight j causes and pretext*, or wbj Jiad so fair a i chance of enjoying the highest honors of a nation, end securing the cbiif portion of its posts of honor and preferment, have played i tbe part of incarnate traitors* It the full ac j c 'Unt of rheir machinations could be written I what a terrible lesson of duplicity nnd ini | quity it would teach ! We talk of associa tions of men in other countries, who have ! baDded together for series of years to accom : plish cherished political objects, and who have, in some instarcis, stained their names and cause with infamy, but the worst of i tiese cannot compare io depravity wiißi- the | zealous devotees of the secession movement. ! By what gradual process they have .under mined the fidelity of many of tbe officers of the army and navy, of Southern birth and • poisoned their minds with the false and trea | sonable idea that their highest allegiance was j due to the desperate politicians, who coutro - |ed the people ef their native States ! How j zealously have they magnified tbe import | ance of eveiy iittle difference of opinion, or j of supposed interest, between the people of | North and the South, and insisted upon tbe absolute triumph of the views of the latter 'on all questions ! Ilow industriously hate | they disseminated the idea that if in any case I the Southern djctrmea should not prevail, ; any such failure would justify a resort to j revolutionary measures for redress 1 i C'onseious of the strength of our Govern ; roent, and ef the bei iHcem nature of its op erations upon the people of our whole coun try, so long as the propositions to destroy it merely took the shape of threats, we could afford to laugh at their folly, and to despise them ; but now, in looking back at the past, we can see the double significance of what at the time was supposed to be mere blatant dtmagoguism. The traitors aimed at once to frighten and terrify the patient and yield ing North'into submission to their demands, and to undermine the loyalty of their people and prepare them for desperats measures when, in the fulness of time, their plot had thickened and their preparations for estab lishing a Southern confederacy Were com plete. Nothing was better calculated to gradt ually accustom the Southern mind to the Secession scheme, from Which they would have originally shrunk back with horror,than a perpetual repetition of the cry, year after year, that each question that arose in our national politics was sufficiently important to justify and demand a dissolution, of the Confederacy if the wishes of the Fire-eaters were not complied with. Tbe conspirators simultaneously pressed forward different branches of the programme. One was to constantly increase the stringen cy of their claims upon tbe North, and the other to swell louder and louder, year after year, their threateng, defiant and rebellions tone, while they terrified, cajoled or pur chased tools and agents of their villianous scheme in all parts of the country, and thus gradually laid what they supposed would be an impregnable basis for their great rebel lion. Not War, But Murder. As we read the daily telegraphic Bulletins from the scene of hostilities it is hard to re alize that we are engaged in a war. The Whole conduct of the Southern traitors has been that of highwaymen and cowards, and not what we should expect from chivalrous soldiers. For two armlSa to meet in battle array, and fight, is manly and honorable We feel that those who fall mest the late of com bat, and even when defeat comes upon ene mies we still respect them, for we kcow that they Aid all that brave men could to gain a victory. Warfare is sad necessity but wheo it is marked by treachery andcowardiee it is murder. We had at least expected front the soldier? of the Southern Slates an exhibition of that chivalrous sentiment, which they pro fess to hold, and which is their most distin guished characteristic in the eyes of the world. With the exception of the assault cm Fort Sompter (aDd the difference in forca was fto enormous that (hey could well afford fit be honorable), the armies of the Confederate S:a'es have been carrying on this contest in the spirit of an armed aDd angry mob. They burn and murder, and steal and perseeu'e, but do not fight. Tbey shoot solitary senti nels in the dead of night, fire at officers from an ambusb, hang men for being true to their allegiance, tar and leather harmless pedlars, build masked batteries ; but whenever there is an opportunity for honorable warfare they i retreat. They assassinate at Alexandria, but j fetreat at Philippi; they shoot from smbns caae at Vienna, but abandon Harper's Fer- j ry ; they murder when the opportunity of- ; fjre, but wher the chances of war are ten- ; tered to them they hastily plunder, bum, I and steal away. So far as the Southern traitors are con<> ; eerned, we can hardly expect a different I course of warfare. Tbey eeem to have aban j douod every feeling of honor and humanity, in adjuring their allegiance to the Constitu tion. Their orators exhort them to deeds of rapiDe, their newspapers glorify assassina tion, their preachers miniate? to the fiercest passions of msn's nature, and the basest fi.el ings of bigotry and fanaticism ; their gener- j als urge them to deeds of infamy, bulletins of calumny and wrath. Where are the gal lan., natives of the South—tb'3 men of other days, who were as honorable as tbey wore brave —the soldiers of Cowpens, New Orleans aDd Buena Vis'a, the descendants or the com panions of Marion, Jackson and Taylor—the j men who did honor to their country and their j profession ? How have we fallen 1 Instead of Marion, "?e have Beauregard, to inult those whom he was oni'e prouud to obey ; for Jackson, we have Twiggs, whose treach ery has bleached the darm memory of Ar nold ; ao-i for Taylor we qave the unprinci pled Jefferson Davis, whoso desperate ambi tioD would mount to empire over the ruin of his native land, and the downfall of Consti tutional Liberty.— Phil. Press. The Officers of Our Army. It is a very sad thing that we have already lost so many of oiVr officers. Although com paritively few of our rank andfile have been killed by tl.e enemy, Ellsworth, Greble, and Winthrop have been sent to their graves, and Col. Kelley has been so seriously wounded that a Jong period mus; probably elapse be fore he can regain his wonted strength and vigor. As the contest progesses, we fear that there will be many mof a such calamities il proper precautions are not taken, FOI only on account of the dashing' bravery of many of pur best leaders, but because it is evident that the sharpshooters of our enemies will, on all poftbibfe Occasions, take special, pains to seleot the most shining marks they can perceive. The welfare of the service require 8 that gieater piecautions should be taken by those to whom the movements and companies regiments and brigades are entrusted, to avoid exposure and protect their lives. The death of a trusty officer at a critical moment often causes frightful disasters and may lead to the loss of a battle or to the unnecessary destruction of Bdndreds of our soldiers. It is no discredit to the numerous able effi cere connected with our army—in which rank may be properly iadeded many who nave not enjoyed a complete military edu cation— to say that from the very nature of the contest in which tbey have so suddenly became involved, one of the greatest difficul tiecr is to obtain a sufficient number of thor oughly trained and scientific officers. Un fortunately, peaceiul pursuits had, for a long period, so thoroughly engrossed public atten tion, and the number of graduates at our pribcipaf military school has been so small compared with the number of officers requi read to command the immense army we have called into the field, that rich as the country is in talent and knowledge of all kindß, it is compelled' to rely, in a great measure, upon those who have always here tofore been civilians, to comui.vnd as well as formtbe army ef tbe Union. All that can be done is to combioe as skilfully as possi ble officers of the regular service, who pos sess complete military education, with such martial civilians as have shown by their past lives an aptitude for war and a genius to commar J. But meanwhile let ns bope that tbe warning which shouid be oonveyed by the fatality which bas already carried away our most papular officers will not be neglect ed, and that in future engagements regula tions providing for their protection will be etriotly enforced. jfcg?— WP invite the attention of our friends to the following letter of Mr, Cook Duncan, to the Berichler, in relatiofi to tbe silly charges against Gov. Curtin : Governor Curtin. " Frederick Kurtz : DEAR SIR ;—There is cnopoint upon which we all agree ; that under the exisdog diffi ctilties in our country, a large proportion of the reports so industriously circulated, are utterly untrue. Ilow often do we hear even the best in formed say, that one half now printed and spoken, is without tho least shadow of truth, and only calculated to mislead the public miod, And to some extent endanger tbe sta bility of one of tbe beat governments iu the Universe. 1 am led to make these remarks from the fact that our cocfnty is full of vague and un foundfd rumors, an! believed too, by many woithy ftad upright citizens, who desire nothing but truth, ard who wotfld scorn to circulate a falsehood. I wish to dirct the attention of such to the report now in circu lation about Gov. Curtin. Ooe serious charge is that the Governor bas got to drinking, and is unfitted to attend to business. As I have had a good opportunity during the past winter and spring, to ascertaio the truth of those g'rave charges, having seen the Governor almost daily, both iu public and private, I car. most unhesitatingly assert that these reports are false, and without tbe least shadow of truth. I am confident no one can be found who, upon his own responsibility, will charge that deportment of Gov. Curtin, since his inaugo. ration, has not been that of a gentleman and worthy eiilzen, well supporting the dignity of Chief Magistrate of the great State of Pennsylvania. Let persons who are not willing to receive this truthful statement, go to Harrisburg, where the delusion of such disgraceful stories will soon be dispelled. I will now avert a few facta connected with our prejent difficulties'. On April 12, Fort Sumpter was bombarded. The evening of the same day the news was telegraphed to Uarrii-burg : accompanying this startling in telligence, came a dispatch summoning Gov. >;urtin to Washington City. On Monday morning following, the President issued his proclamation calling for voluuteers to defend our national Capital. From this hour com menced the most arduous duties ever devolve ing upon 2n Executive and Heads of Depart moots since the formation of our government. Gov. Curtin returned from Ws'sfcrington on Tuesday morning, April 16th. On Tuesday afiernoon volun'3'ars commenced marching into Ilarrisburg ; on Wednesday over 2000 reached that point; and on Thursday be tween four and five thousand had arrived.— This Targe body of,men bad! to be provided with provisions and clothing—a majority having come wi'hout any protection, save the clothing on their persons. Every avail able blanket in Ilarrisburg was purchased and distribu'ed among the volunteers. The Governor sent to Philadelphia for a supply of blankets; when they reached him, some were found damaged and of inferior quality. Yet, what was to be done? There was no rime to make contracts; no time to return damaged blankets ; thousand of soldiers were there suffering from the inclemency of the weather, which i: will be remembered, was cold and wet. with occasional snow storms. Now, uuder all these circumstances, eliould not our citizens be willing to make some al lowance ? No one acquainted with the trials and dif Acuities by which our State administration was 3urrounded, and tfro energy and zeal they manifested in attending to the wants and comforts of our volunteers, will be influ enced by such vile and slanderous reports, circulated in many instances only by those disappointed in obtaining office under the administration, ft should also be remem bered that many of the complaints charged upon Gcv. Curtin, referred to the camps at Chambersburg, York, Lancaster, &e., over which be had no control whatever, tbey be ing under the direction, of the General Gov ernment. The only CBmps in Pennsylvania controlled by our State Government, were the camps at lierrisburg and Pittsburg, about which there have been no complaints. There are other points I desired to refer to, but as this letter is already quite leDgthy, I Will close, by adding that I have no wish to offer an apology for the guilty, but think it great injustice to condemn any set of men without some better evidence than the coun try DOW possesses. I will just add that I' have no other object further than to state what I believe to be strictly true; this is ray only desire, having no private ends to serve, it being well known by many of my intimate friends that early in the sessioh of last win ter, I had determined that Otidfer ilo circum stances would"I again be a candidate. Wsr. C. Di'NCATF. Millheim, JUDO 21, 1861'. A Typo in Woe. A poor editor oat West somewhere, falling in the hands of the Philistines, broke forth in the following gizzard-raooving appeal : Sheriff', spare that press ! Touch not a single type ; Don't put me in distress, To e'ick to me though life. 'Tis all in all to me— If lost what shall I do ? Then why not let it be 1 OSheriff! boo! boo! boo! THE FORWARD MOVEMENT THE BLOW ABOUT TO FALL. twenty One Regiments Eii* tee Virginia. BATTLENEAR WM'SPORT. | THE REBELS ROUTED. THEIR LOSS HEAVY—OURS LIGHT. WASHINGTON, Tuesday, July 2, 1861. j The preparations for the forward move j ment, of which we have advised you, are ' quietly but rapidly making. Evidences that i the blow will be struck before raanj r days comes front Additional and independent sources. Of its nature or direction we can not properly speak ; but you may rest as sured that the impatience of the people lias j made itself felt here, and that the Cabinet has very recently decided to make a move i ment upon a large scale, and to forward an object which the country has much at heart. It is believed that an effort will be made to capture a masked battery near Mount Vernon to-night. The Rhode Island battery has gone to Baltimore, but may. be sent further. The 14th Yew York Malitia and 2d Maine crossed into Virginia in the course of last night and this morning. The 14th is at Ar lington House. A Minnesota regiment cross ed to-night. W ILLIA3S> , OR?, Tuesday, July 2, 1861. The Reporter of the Associated Press went ! down the Potomac yesterday, to see the ex- j pectcd move of troops across the river at ! i?heppard's Ford, tvVo miles below dam No. 4. The towpath of the canal was cut to per- | mit the artillery to have an easy grade down j into the fording, but the opposite bank was j found to be so precipitous that the troops j could not ascend with ease, and the crossing : was abandoned. The mistake arose from ■ the incompetence of the guides. The ford- ] ind is naturally one of the best on the river, i and the proper ascent on the Virginia shore j very easy. Within a radius of three miles | from the ford lay encamped the 2d and 3d j Pennsylyauia Regiments under Col. Wyn- i koop. The Regular Cavalry, four companies of j the 2d Parker Battery of Artillery, Gfh, ?R-t j and 23d Pennsylvania, under Col. Thomas, i loth and 24th Pennsylvania Regiments un- I der Gen. Negley, the 11th Pennsylvania, j and Ist Wisconsin, and McMullen's Inde pendent Rangers, under Col. Abercrouibie. Gen. Negley's and Col. Wvnkoop's bri gade actually struck their bents at 3 o'clock j this morning and marched to the ford. The whole column, embracing 18 full regiments and several detached corps, such as Major Doubleday's two companies of the Second Cavalry, the First City Troop, and Perkins's Artillery, with the exception of the Fourth Connecticut Regiment, lying in camp at flagerstown, are now encamped here, and are under marching orders. At 3 o'clock A. M„ the column will cross the river. Buresfde's Rhode Island battery is con fidently expected to-night or early to-mor row. It is reported that some of the regi ment from Col. Stone's column will join the column to-morrow. In order to lessen the size of the column only 5 wagons instead of 11 e.re to be allowed te each regiment. Ten days' rations are to be taken in bulk. The stars and stripes were hoisted on a tree on the south side of the river to-day by a Marylander, by the ntfme of Sanders, in full view of the Confederate pickets. They did not fire upon him. Colonel Jackson lies at Ilokes Run, three miles this side of | Martinsburg, with about 3.OOOmen. Theen | eriiy were observed busily engaged in erect j ing earthworks immediately back of the j Heights, opposite Doubleday's battery. Late this p. m. it is thoug it they design ! putting guns in position to obstruct the march of our troops. About fifty shots were exchanged this morning between the advance girard of the hostile forces at Sliep perd's Ford. No casualties so far as known. There will doubtless be sbam work before the 4th passes over unless the Rebels re treat. H'AGERST'OWN, Md., Tuesday, July 2,"18GI. At 4 o'clock this afternoon a special con veyance arrived in this town, bringing Cor poral John N. McGinley of the Independent ! Rangers, ha baing the first soldier brought here wounded in an action. Considerable excitement was occasioned upon his arrival, and from statements made by him and from those on higher authority, the Government operutiors glean the following : Between 3 and 7 o'clock- thi3 morning the troops which have been concentrating at Hagerstown and WilHawsport for several days past, crossed the Ford at Williarosport. Gen. Patterson reviewed them as they filed past him. The morning was bright and beautiful, and the soldiers wero in excellent spirits. Scouting partiesiffCapt. M< V: .Men's rangers and others selected from the Ist Wisconsin Regiment were out at midnight, and fre quently during the night brisk firing was heard between the Federal pickets ar.dthase of the enemy on the Virginia side. The proper fords having been ascertained, the advance took place before daylight, the post of honor being assigned to Captain Mc- Mullen's Independent Rangers, and the First Wisconsin, and the Eleventh Pennsyl vania regiments. The advancing column consisted of the brigades of Abercrombie, Thomas arrd Neg ley. The Independent Rangers behaved remarkably well, getting close up to the 1 enemy—within a distance of only 75 yards. I Abercromhie's brigade led the advance, and j the casualties of the conflict were almost j exclusively on the Ist Wisconsin and llth I Pennsylvania regiments. Col. Jarrett aud Lieut. Col. Coulter led the skirmishers, opening upon them at 400 yards. The whole of the rebel force at Martinsburg; consisting of four regiments of infantry, and ODB regiment of .horse, were engaged in the action. They had with them four pieces of artil | lerv, part rifled cannon, and were com i manded by Gen. Jackson. The first city ! troops of Philadelphia were ossigued a p<>si j tion near the United States cavalry, .■ Y- Capt. Perkins, and behaved remarkably Number 23. ! well as far as known. The casualties on our side are two killed and several wounded. Several of the dead ; and wounded of the Secession troop i wera j left on the field in their hasty retreat, one ! or two of whom were buried by our men. The loSS of life on their side is said to be I very heavy. In anticipation of a retreat ! by our forces, the rebels had leveled the i fences on both sidc3 of the turnpike even ! with the ground, so as to cut them off in the event of their retiring to the Potomac. ! The first stand was made at Porterfiehi Farm, on the turnpike, near Haynesville, ! where it was necessary to destroy a barn and carriage house, to make a charge upon the enemy. Here the conflict was fierce, the 1 rebels standing well up to their work, and i finally slowly retreating. Knapsacks and i canteens were hastily thrown aside as in-. ! eunihrances to a backward march. They i left behind them a number of blankets, and other articles of value, indicating a heavy loss on their side. From Washington. ANOTHER SKITOIISH NEAR THB CITY. TWO ZOUAVES AND FIVE REBELS killed! , EXTENT OF THE FEDERAL ARMY GAED. PROCLAMATION BY GEN. BEAURK CLEEKSHIP OF THE SENATE. WASHINGTON, Suly 1, Reports hare reached the eity from good authority, stating that a ?kirmish took place across the river during last night, be tween the Federal Zouaves and the rebels, in which lour or five of the former and two cf the latter were killed and several wound ed. Gen. Beauregard has issued a proclama tion announcing that after to-day no one shall enter or depart from his lines without a pass from the President of the Confeder ate States. A high officer of the Government declares that the relations of our Government and Great Britain were never more amioable than they now are. The Government has discovered that reb el spies are in the habit of leaving the city by the Baltimore and Chesapeake Bay boat up the Patuxent river, and go thence into Virginia. The army of occupation, here, and in the vicinity, is regarded as the largest body of men ever assembled on this continent. The friends of Col. Forney are using their influence to have Hon. Emerson Etheridge, of Tennessee, elected Secretary of the Sen ate. A large majority of officers, Senators, members of the press, and others left hero to-day for Fortress Monroe. The statement that passes are granted indiscriminately by Gen. Mansfield or his aid, Capt. McKay, or at hotels, in blank, is untrue. Ten of fifteen passes per day at farthest are given, and never, except on the strongest letters of introduction. Later from Baltimore. . TIIE MILITARY OCCUPATION OF TIIK CITY. RUMORED ARREST OF TIIE MAYOR. OTHER PROMINENT SECESSIONISTS TO BE ARRESTED. MORE ARMS SEIZED. BALTIMORE, July 1. The military still remain posted through 1 the city. 001. Lvle's regiment and a de tachment of Boston artillery occupy Monu ment square ; a detachment of Col. More head's regiment is near Greenmount ceme tary ; and a guaid is also stationed in the Custom House. The latter is said to be to protect the largo amount of specie there, de signed for Washington to pay the troops. There hove been rumors of an intention | to arrest the Mayor, but they are incorrect las no such desigh is entertained. It is ru ! mored that other prominent secession lead* ! ers are to be arrested, but nothing deffnato lis known. A small quantity of muskeU have been found secreted at the Eastern Police Station, and search is still going on. Gov. Banks has struck a blow at the heart ! of treason in Baltimore by the arrest and ; imprisonment of George P. Kane, Marshal (or Chief) of all the Secession villainies whereof Baltimore has been the focus, from burning railroad bridges to obstruct the advance of pa riot soldiers to the defense of Washington, tcr sending arms, munitions, and snpplies to the army traitors ita Virgin ia, is notorious, and his retention as Mar s' -1 by the Police Commissioners is a proof | ."their own traitorous proclivities. More i over, we learn that in his pocket, at the time ' of his arrest, was found his commission as i Brigadier-General in the Rebel army, Balti more by the arrest of Kane and the appoint ment of Col. EenlY as Provost Marshal, is virtually placed under martial law, as it should have long since openly been. All know that it is a focus of conspiracy and treason; all know that it is liable at any critical moment to break out into open and violent rebellion ; but it will do that wheth er the Secessionists are continued in power or not; and of the two dangers, that of meet ing them with the staff in their hands is greater than that of fighting them after it is taken away. This is one step in the right, direction. s®Tbe N. Y. Fire Zouaves, near Alexandria, have been running a mil? where they found a quantity of wfci's'f. They proted themselves good millers-'