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Centre Democrat. [volume] (Bellefonte, Pa.) 1848-1989, October 24, 1861, Image 1

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Ihe Centre 3HB Bmorrat.
Volume 27,
(Mre §tmocrat.
Office in Reynolds' Iron front, Second Floor
TBRMS. <1.50 if paid in advance or within six
months after subscribing,otherwise $2 will invari
ably be charged. No subscriptions received for
a shorter period than six months and none dis
iontinued, unless at the option of the editor, until
all arrearages are raid.
These sweet delicious Autumn days,
When all the dajs are filled with calm,
And all day long a purple haze
Hang? o'er the meadow and the firm.
These qnlet, dreamy afternoons,
And sunsets rich with crimsoa glow,
These soft refulgent harvest moons
Fill mo with thoughts of long ago.
In happy reverie my thought
Goes back to those dear times again,
And scenes and faces ne'er forgot
Come thronging to my musing brain.
II owever glad the present Is
However swift the moments go—
I cherish still these memories,
Remembrances of long ago.
The Soldier' Grave.
How fell he ? by resistless ball.
Or sabre cut or bursting shell *
What mat tors it to him, to all.
Who meet their death in doing well f
The good and brave,
Who dio to save
Thoir home and country, they can tell.
How sound he sleeps ! in storms, the surf
Rolls in long thunder on the shore ;
Each blade of grass that crowns his turf
Quivers before that earthquake roar ;
His deadened ear
No sound can hear ;
Trumpet nor dru.u shall call him moro.
The deep mouthed guns that frown above,
And proudlv guard the subject wave,
Can stir no pulse of fear or love
Can wake no echo in his grave ;
llis race is run,
His prize is won,
God's blessing on the sleeping braTC.
Where to Dwell.
"Pray tell mo in what land to dwell.
The ladies fix their fvoiite spot;"
Said playful Will to thinking Bell,
And laughed to see her solve th"knot.'
" Xne riddle I cannot explain,"
The puzzled Miss inquiring spake,
And bade him in impatient strain
Tb question odd to plainer make.
"Why can't you guess it. its quite plain '
And settled by decisive. Fates,
But one the honor proud can claim —
Where else but in United Stmts ."'
Skies Bright !
We are undoubtedly on the eve of great
events. Our correspondent, " Occasional,"
speaks highly of the dicipline nnd confidence
of the American army under General Mo-
Olellan, on the Potomac, and predicts that
the advance will be resolutely continued.
The intelligence from the division under
General Fremont is most auspicious. His
dispute with Colonel Frank Blair 'seems to
have inspired him with almost superhuman
energy, and he is evidently resolved to settle
that dispute of 6uch a persuit of the retreat
ing Secessionists as will show thnt he is equal
to the extraordinary responsibilities of his
position. There is a romance in the past his
tory of Fremont, and about all bis surround
ings in the present campaign, that would give
to his success a singular interest, and we
heartily wish him well—not only for bis own
cake, but for the sake of the common cause.
Even his enemies wefe willing to give him a
fair chance, nnd bis friends, realizing the
idea tLat an unsuccessful general had better
perish than survive, place confidence in the
result of his labors. He has heretofore suc
ceeded in the midst of the most trying cir
cumstances, and they contend be will not
fail his country now. The traitor leader,
Price, who satirized Fremont a few week®
ago, seems now anxious to ccapc from before
the hot pursuit of the " Pathfinder."
Turning from Missouri to Kentucky, we
find the most cheering indications in that
quarter. The veteran Crittenden—who has
one son in the Condederate army, and anoth
er under the flag of the Union —is appealing,
with almost inspired eloquence, to bis friends
to rally to the country ; and his exhortations
backed by the splendid invocations of the
Louisville Democrat and Louisville Journal,
and by the heroic conduct of the new head of
that military district, General Sherman, who
constantly reminds us of the lamented Lyon
bave turned the tide against the Secessionists.
This same General Sherman (brother of Sen
ator John Sherman, of Ohio, himself a host
in the present struggle for lreedom) io an ed
ucated soldier. His qualities as a scholar are
proved by the fact that he was placed at the
bead of tbe State University of Louigiana (
where be became so great a favorite that,
whon be retired from it, on acoonnt of the
Secession conspiracy, headed by Slidell, the
whole faculty, and the State authorities,
united in paying a spontaneous tribute to bis
splendid abilities, his Christian modesty and
moderation, and his frank and candid char
acter. Adding to tins be is a thorough, well
trained, long-seaßoned soldier, wbo, while
carrying his conscience into tbe fight, also
carries his sword.
The mountaineers, tbe old " Hunters of
Kentucky," are ooming down from their fast
neeses, rifle in hand, eager to avenge the in
sults heaped upon their Government, and
thousands who have heretofore been inert,
are aroused to action, and are ashamed to al
low their State to be defended against the
a ritb to jolts, fmptritittt, fiteratare, Science, gj>t girts, jurors, ijjt" itartuts, Cbucatioiy (ImeralJnttnijmcMff.,
rebels by the troops of Indiana and Ohio.
The fiend, Zollicoffer, has been compelled
to fall back before this popular awakening,
and the bandit, Buckner, who has covered
himself all over with disgrace, stands appall
ed before the indignation which nothing has
done more to create than his own inexplica
ble and inexpiable treachery. So that we
have good hopes equally to Kentucky and
The Louisville Democrat threatens that
Sherman may winter at New Orleans. Would
there not be poetic justice in his seizing the
State which be left previous to its leaving the
Union ? The friends of glorious Andy JobD
son, in Eastern Tennessee may begin to look
up for the first time in many months.
Contemplating General Fremont's opera
tions, the patriots in Kansas may now feel
that tbey are secure, and the free States of
lowa and Illinois may laugh to scorn the
threats of the Secession invaders—while Ar
kansas, which has been ravaged aDd drained
by McCulloch and his hordes, will become
a hostage of the Federal Government, and
the dream of General Fremont's ambition bo
realized by a euccessful advance upon New
Orleans. Why should he not reach the Cres
cent City immediately after our successful
fleet bad captured it from the Gulf side ?
Why, in his advance aloDg the western bank
of the Mississippi—aided by his gun-boats—
should he not carry the flag, and "march to
the music of the Union"—teaching the mis
guided people of that region the great lesson
that this Republic is indestructible? Why,
with Sherman on the one hank, Fremon 1
on the other, a powerful fleet in the Mississ
ippi, end a fleet at its mouth, should not
these great Generals realize the vision of
Jefferson and Livingstone, that " the naviga
tion ol the Father of Rivers should be per
petually uninterrupted and free ?"
If we look to Western Virginia the anga
ries are as numerous as they are brilliant.—
Rosencrans and Reyn,lds have performed
feats of almoat incredible valor. Their re
connoissances, repeatedly detailed in these
columns, indicate unexampled genius and
courage, and soon that poition of the Old
Dominion will be entirely cleared of traitors.
From this geographical point we may hope
fully look for assistance for the patriots of
East Tennessee, in conjunction with the
troops at Camp Dick Ribinson, UDder the
gallant Gen. Nelson.
The success of Reynolds and Rosencrans
in Western Virginia ate especially consola
tory to PennHyivanians, in as much as their
triumphs give renewed confidence and secu
rity to all our southwestern border oounties
including Pittsburg, our great western
If we turn our attention next to Ilatteras,
nnd the incidents which have transpired in
that region during the last week, we find new
encouragements. The attack of the Rebels
upon the Indiana regiments, at fir6t partially
successful, was so tearfully avenged that the
disaster may well be historically stated as
among their worst calamities in the present
campaign. For details we refer to the elabor
ate accounts under the head of our " War
News." llere the navy displayed signal
promptitude, energy, and tact, and the blow
infiicied upon the traitors was so well direc
ted that they wiil probably not again attempt
a similar experiment. The arrival of that
trained soldier, General Mansfield, wbo is, I
by this time, in the Ilatteras division of the
. army, is the best Assurance that could be
given that no surprise will hereafter be ad
ventured by the troops of the so-called South
ern Confederacy. In a short time, all our
information says that sufficient reinforce
ments will be sent forward to General Mans
field, so that he may not ODly be able to for
tify his own position, but advance into the
State aod give countenance and confidence
to the Union sentiment now eagerly awaiting
a chance to display itself in North Carolina-
These are tbe glad promises of the present.
The reader will perceive that wherever the
clouds are falling away from our cause in the
Southern States, our armies are fightiDg, not
aloDe for the Federal Constitution, but to
protect and strengthen the Southern Union
men. This is not only eo in Missouri, in
Kentucky, in Eastern Tennessee, in North
Carolina, but in Western Virginia. While
we write, we bave an uncontradicted rumor
upon our streets that New Orleans has beei
captured by our fleet, at or near the mouth of
tbe Mississippi. At all events, it is certain
that tbe apprehension of this capture per
meates all the Gulf States like a eoDtagion.
They feel that it will, and must come, and
whether it is true or not now, it will certain
ly be true in a short time.— Phila, Press.
That man cannot be your friend who
will not allow you to teach him anything.
t®~ It is only those that have done noth
ing who fancy they can do everything.
No man has right to do as he pleases,
except when be pleases to do right.
gV Treat youi enemies as if they would
sometime or other be your friend.
Very few persons have sense enough
to despise the praise of a fool.
|V Put your money into a box if you
like ; but not into a dice-box.
ggy Fancy runs most fjiriously when a
guilty conscience drives it
gV What key will unlock most men's
! minds? Whis-key.
Bellefonte. Centre County, Penna., Thursday Morning, Oct, 24, 1861.
Election Returns from the Interi
or of the State.
From a mass of scattered and confused
figures in our exchanges, we bare eliminated
the following results of the election held on
th 6 Bth instant:
President Judge,
William Butler. Union 7096
Joseph Hemphill, Independent, 3236
Associate Judge.
J. P. Bailey, Union, 7330
Andrew Buchanan, Dem. 3073
Wm. Windle, Union, 7260
P. Frazer Smith, Union, 7199
Robert L. McClellan, Union, 7233
Isaac M. Slouker, Dem. 3147
Enoch S. McOaughey, Dem. 3150
John K. Mackey. Dem. 3151
Prifident Judge.
C. W. Iligins, Dem. 6768
Geo. H. McCabe, F.en. 5523
Associate Judges.
Beej. Ileiner. Dem. 6385
Geo. Rahn, Dem. 6383
George Buyer, Rep. 5817
James Silliman, Rep. 5869
State Senator.
Bernard Reiily, Dem. 6687
Henry L. Cake, Rep. 5490
Josbue S. Keller, Dem. 6039
James Ryon, Dem, 6453
Adam Wolf, Dem 6351
Lewis C. Duugheity, Rep. 6109
William A. Hammer, Rep. 5794
Franklin C. Smith, Rep. 5946
President Judge,
Warran J. Woodward Dem. 8C22
Henry W. Smith, Rep. 3941
Associate Judges.
David Schall, Dem. 8273
George D. Stitzel, Dem. 7718
David AlcKnight, Rep. 4187
James Everhart, Rep. 3735
Stale Senator.
Heister Clymer, Dem. 8257
David U. llotteostine, Rep. 3833
Charles A. Kline, Dem. 8104
Daniel K. Wiedner, Dem. 7780
Wm. N. Poiteiger, Dm. " 7995
Lewis Briner, Rep. 3984
Adam Schoener, Rep. - 3902
Aaron Alull, Rep. 4077
Associate Judges.
Mcßeynolds, Dem. 2782
Baldy, Dem. 2621
Doty, Union 1694
W'lllitts, Union, 1797
Levi L. Tate, Dem- 2659
George S. Tutton, Dem. 2580
Emanuel Lazarus, Union, 1858
Joseph T. Jennings, Union, 1843
Levi L. Tate, Dem. 545
George S. Tutton, Dem. 546
Emanuel Lazarus, Union, 395
Joseph T. Jennings, Union, 398
Associate Judges.
James Degan, Dem. 540
Richard Bedford, Dem. 471
William A. Mason, Rep. 412
William Colley, Rep. 391
President Judges.
J. W. Maynard, Union, 763
Alexander Jordan, Dem. 1316
Associate Judges.
D. N. Knownover, Union, 809
Philip F. Maus, Union, 858
Joseph Dean, Sr., Dam. 1167
Robert Moore, Dem. 1309
Levi L. Tate, Dem, 1174
George S. Tutton, Dem, 1187
Emanuel Lazarus, Union, 918
Joseph T. Jennings, Union, 904
Columbia, Sullivan, Montour aod Wyom
ing make a Representative District, electing
two members to the House. We have no of
ficial returns from Wyoming, but it is repor
ted to bave given the Democratic ticket about
300 majority, so that Levi L. Tate and Geo.
S. Tutton, Democrats, are elected to tbe As
sembly from that District.
President Judge.
John PearsoD, Union, (No oppesition.)
Associate Judges.
T, Allen Hamilton, Dem. 2609
Samuel Landis, Dem. 305G
Laao Mumma, Rep. 2967
Moses B. Yonng, Rep. 3038
Rudolph F. Kelker, U. ...
Lewis Heck, Dem. 2981
David C. Keller, Dem. 2543
Thomas G. Fox, Rep. • 3583
James Freeland, Rep. 3095
John A. Fisher, U. • • •
Henry Weist, U. • • •
President Judge.
John J- Pearson, U. (No opposition.)
Jacob H. Bickler, Rep. 1591
Isaac Hoffer, Dem., Rep. and U. 2299
In Lebanon tbere was a singular union of
Republicans and Democrats against the
straight Republicans. The Union ticket was
In Lyeoming county there were two
tickets—a straight Democratio ticket and a
Union ticket, in favor of Binking party until
ths war is over, compossed of Douglas Dem
ocrats and Republicans. The following is
the official vote:—
President Judge.
John W. Maynard, Union, 2734
Alexander Jordan, Dem. 2830
Associate Judges.
H. B. Packer, Union and Dem. 5178
Bruner, Dem. 2702
Ferguson, Union, 2913
Henry Johnson, Union, 2941
Wm. H. Blair, Dem. 2861
Wm. 11. Armstrong, Union 2720
James Chatham, Union, 2896
John S. Smith, Dem. 2783
Pbaon Jarrett, Dem. 2588
W. S. Bennett, Uuion, 2664
Ben. Strawbridge, Dem. 2906
Beeber, Union, 2790
Taylor, Dem. 2759
Our judicial District is composed of Ly
coming, Northumberland, and Montour.—
Jordan's majority will be about one thous
and. In Lycoming aDd Clinton tbe Union
Assembly ticket will have between six and
hundred, if the army vote is counted. Hen
ry Johnson, Union, keata W. H. Blair, Dem
ocrat, a couple of hundred in the District for
President Judge.
John W. Maynard, Union, 2259
Alexander Jordan, Dem. 2819
Associate Judyes.
Joseph Nicely, Union, 2441
Wm. Deppin, UnioD, 2482
Win. Turner, Dem. 2565
Abraham Shipman, Dem. 2597
J. W. Brown, Dem. 2647
Edward Y. Bright, Union, 2407
Northumberland and Lycoming and Mon
tour make a Judicial District. From the
foregoing returns it will appear that Judge
Jordan's, the present incumbent is re-elected
as follows :
Jordan. Jlfiynard.
Northumberland, 2819 2259
Lycoming, 2830 2734
Montour, 1316 763
G960 5756
Jordan's mrjority, 1209
The foregoing counties are all for which
we have figures in detnil. From
ing we have reports of some of tbe results
Wm. Kinsey, the Democratic candidate
for State Senator, is elected by a majority of
328. Jas B. Boiloau and L. B. Laber, Dem
ocratic candidates for Assembly, are elected
by about 300 majority. Judge Chapman, tbe
candidate of the same party, is elected in tbe
judicial district composed of Bucks and
Montgomery, by a majority of about twenty
seven hundred.
The Democratic ticket has gained largely
in this county over last year. The county
ticket of that party is elected, and the ma
jority for the members of Assembly is prob
ably about a thousand. Armstrong, which
forms a part of tbe Legislative District, gave
John Covode, last year, a majority of 546
Unless it does better for the Republican can
dates for tbe Legislature, Messrs. James A.
McCullock, Richard Graham and Samuel
Wakefield, tbe Democratic candidates, are
The whole Republican Union ticket ia repor
ted elected by about three hundred majori
Meyers, Democratic candidate for the Leg
islature, is reported elected by a small ma
jority ; also Zeigler, Democrat, as Associate
This county is reported to have given frcm
150 to 200 for the Democratic ticket. Perry
is a part of the Legislative District, and we
have no returna.from that county.
The majority in this county is reported at
from 1500 to 1800 for the Democratic candi
Tbers is a reported Democratic Majority
in Bedford of from 100 to 275.
From information received from this Dis
trict there is little doubt of the election of
Charles Lamberton the Democratic candi
date. A letter to a gentlemen in this place
written on the 11th inst. represents the ma
jorities as follows :
Lamberton (D) Fox (R)
Clarion 600
Elk 100
Jefferson 50
Forest 200
700 250
In the Judicial District composed of the
counties of Clarion, Jeflerson, Forest, Ven
aDgo and Mercer, Campbell, Independent,
has 1,700 majority in Clarion, 400 in Jeff,
erson, and 25 in Forest, over Sewart, Re
publican. Venango is about a tie and Mer
cer to hear from.
We tave not received the full returns of
tbe county, but have enough to enable us to
state that tbe whole Democratic county
ticket is elected by over 1,300 majority.—
The vote was very small aDd the election at
tended with no excitement, otherwise our
majority would have been nearer 2,000. —
Thus have our people nobly pat the seal of
' their condemnation on the men whe get up
i and encourage mobs and denounce all good
' Democrats as " Secessionists" and "Tret
j tors." Put the 1,300 in your pipes, and
smoke it.— East on Argus.
In Fayette county the whole Democratic
ticket is elected by about seven hundred
majority, with the exception of Kaine, the
Democratic nominee for Assembly, whose
majority is between five and six hundred. —
Lindsay, the Democratic candidate for Pres
ident Judge in the District composed of
Washington, Fayette and Greene counties,
is elected over his competitor, Mr. Veeche,
by over twenty seven hundred majority.
The result of the election for President
Judge in the District composed of the coun
i ties of Union, Snyder and Mifflin is not ye
| determined. Snyder county gives Woods
; (Rep.) 14 majority. Mifflin gives Slcnker
: (Dem.) 225 majority. The army vote will
: determine the result. The Republican tick
ets are elected in Union and Snyder.
The Union ticket is elected In this county.
Rowe (Dem.) and Sellers (Rep.) are elected
to the Legislature on the Union ticket. —
James Nill (Union) is elected President
Judge. He has 650 majority in Franklin,
and 300 in Somerset, while Reillv (Dem )
has 196 majority in Fulton, and 320 in Bed
ford. Nill's majority in the district is be
tween four and five hundred.
From Washington County we learn that
William Hopkins, Democrat, is certainly
elected to the Legislature, and probably
William Glenn, his associate on the Demo
cratic ticket. Lindsay, Democrat, is elected
President Judge in the district composed of
the counties of Washington, Fayette and
Brown, the regular Democratic candidate
for Assembly, beats Bright the Union can
date, and the whole Democratic ticketj is
elected by a small majority.
The whole Democratic county ticket is
elected. J. C. Smith is elected Senator by
a majority of 700 — Democratic gain.—
Chapman has 2,000 majority for President
Cambria has elected the whole Democratic
ticket by an overwhelming majority. Cy
rus L. Pershing is elected to the Legisla
The Republican ticket is elected by a re
duced majority. Lowry beats Galbraith for
Senator about 300, and has a large majority
in Orawfard.
The Democratic ticket is all elected, by
over ono thousand majority. Lindsay, for
Judge, had over sixteen hundred majority.
The whole Republican ticket is elected.
John J. Crittenden and the War.
How apathetic many may b, tbere is no
apatby about the venerated statesman, wbo
has succeeded to tbe place ol Ileary Clay in
the affections of Kentucky. "Glory be to
God," shouted an excitable gentleman to JDS.
J.Crittenden, this morning, "McClellan is
sending 20,000 men from Washington to Cin
cinnati, for Kentucky. We're now safe."
"Safe 1" exclaimed the veteran Senator.—
" Doesn't it blister your tongue to tell it ?
safe 1 by Ohio aDd Indiana troops, while
Kentuckiaos allow themselves to be protect
ed by others. It's a shame to old Kentucky
"I had thought that I understood tbe chiv
alrous fire of "old Kentuck" before, but nev
er did I realize itae fully as when, a moment
afterward, tbe venerable Senator, addressing
a townsman, evidently about his own age,
but with his portly form time had dealt more
keenly, exclaimed ; "George you're not to
oil for a soldier—of course not. I'm not too
old for a soldier—not a bit too old. We must,
turn out and shame these pretty young men
wbo out too have aprons tied upon tbem 1"
sure enough the aged patriot started off, al
most immediately to call out volunteers from
among the mountaineers. Let no man doubt
the response. There may be traitors in old
Kentucky, as tbere are in Ohio; plotting
agents of the Southern Rebellion in Lexing
ton and Frankfort, as there are in Dayton ;
but tbe great heart of the State is sound
aad Kentucky valor baa not perished in
protracted peace.
Mrs. Fremont.
This lady has been actively engaged iu de
fending her husband's reputation against
the assaults of his enemies, declaring her
hatred for them in no stinted measure, and
with the fierce vindictive intensity of her
father. Indeed, she seems to surpass even
him in the ferocity of her assaults.
She accompanied her husband to Jefferson
City, and reviewed the troops as tbey filed
off on their way to Sedalia. Her oldest boy,
some twelve or fourteen years old, wore the
uniform of a Lieutenant, and a younger one
that of a sergeant. The eldest is to form a
member of his father's military household.
Indeed, it would not be surprising if Jessie
constituted herself a member of his staff,
for she has accompanied her husband on
more than one perilous expedition. Her
presence would insure energy and rapidity
of movement, even if Fremont bad ever ex
j bibited any lack of these qualities.
1 IV the whole paper.
OFF CAPK HATTKRAS, N. C., Oct. 5, '6l. J
SIR:— I have the honor to inform you that
in obedience to your order of this morning.
I stood through the inner channel of the
llattcras Shoals at 12.30 P. M., and stood
close along shore to the northward, keeping
a bright lookout from aloft.
At 1.30 P. M. we discovered several sail
ing vessels over the woodland Kine Keet. —
At the same time a regiment inarching to
the northward, carrying a rebel flag within
their midst, with many stragglers in the
rear; also two tugs inside, flying the same
As they came out of the woods at Kine
Keet, we ran close in shore, and opened a
deliberate fire upon them at the distance of
three quarters of a mile.
At our first shell, which fell in their midst
they rollod up their flag and scattered, mov
ing rapidly up the beach to the northward.
We followed them, firing rapidly from three
guns, driving them up to a clump of woods
in which they took refuge, and abreast of
which their steamer lay.
We now shelled the woods, and could see
them embarking in small boats for their ves
sels, evidently in great confusion, and suf
fering greatly from our fire. Their steamers
now opened fire unon us ; firing, however,
but three shots, which fell short. Two of
their boats filled with men were struck by ]
our shots and destroyed. Three more steam- ;
ers came down the sound, and took a posi
tion opposite the woods. We weie also
shelling two sloops. We continued firing
deliberately upon them from 1 30 till 3.30
P. M., when two men were discoved on th© •
sea-beaeh making siguals to us. Supposing
them to be two of the Indian regiment, we
sant an armed boat and crew to bring them
off, covering them at the same time with our
Upon the boat nearing the shore they took
to the water. One of them (private Warren
O. Haver, of Company H. 20th ludiana Reg
iment) was successful in reaching the boat ;
the other man (private Charles White, Com
pany 11, 20th Indiana Regiment) was unfor
tunately drowned in the surf.
Private Have informs me that he witnessed
our fire which was very destructive. He
states that two of our shell fell into two
sloops leaded with men, blowing the vessels
to pieces and sinking them ; also that sever
al of the officers were killed. The horses
were seen running about the beach. He
had just escaped from his captors after shoot
ing the captain of one of the rebel compa
nies. He states that the enemy were in the
greatest confusion, rushing wildly to tbe
water stri ing to get oil to their vessels.
Private Haver now directed me to a point
where the rebels were congregated, awaiting
an opportunity to get oif. I again opened
fire with success, scattering them. We were
now close in three fathom of water, and OHr
told with effect.
Six steamers were now off the Point, one
of which I recognized as the Tauny.
At 525 P. M. we ceased firing, leaving
the enemy scattered along the beach for up
wards of four miles. I tired repeatedly at
the enemy's steamers with our rifled cannon,
a Parrot 32-pounder, and struck the Fanny,
I think, once. I found therange of the gun
much short of what I antic pated, many of
the shot turning end over end, and not ex
ceeding much the range of the smooth bore
32 pounder. I enclose herewith a memo
randum of the amunition expended to-day.
I am, very respectfully
Your obedient servant,
Commanding U. S. S. Mouticello.
To Captain J. L. Lardner,
Commanding U. S. S. Susquehanna,
Off Cape Ilatteras, N. O.
Thomas H. Clay and the War in
A Gentleman in New York, who was anx
ious to know what the views ef Thomas H.
Clay, oneof the sons of Henry Clay, in regard
to the present war, addressed him a letter on
tbe eubject, to which he received the follow
ing reply:
• You write that almost daily you are ask
ed by some one. " How does Mr. Thomas H.
Clay stand ? Does he itill adhere with zeal
anddevotionto the undying Union sentiments
of his illustrious father ?" You were right
in your answers to those inquirers. There
is no abatement in my love tor the Union
aDd detestation of treason, and I shall carry
them with me to the grave. In tbe words of
my father, on another occasion, " Tbe pow
er tbe authority, and dignity of the Govern
ment ought to be maintained, and resistance
put down at every hazard." Our neutrality
has been violated by the generals of the Con
federate armies ; our soil has been invaded,
and we are in for tbe war. Ohio and Indi
ana are coming up nobly to our rescue. Our
position of neutrality would have left us an
easy prey to the robber bands of rebellion,
which are being thrown upon us by Jeff. Da
vis and bis myrmidous, but for their gener
ous aid and assistance; and all this may
perhaps be unavailing, unless th# General
Government shall order a large army into
our borders, without delay.
" The enemy have determined to winter
in Kentucky. The Governor of Tennessee
has issued his pioclamation for 30,000 more
volontee-s. It is said many of the regiments
heretofore on tbe Potomao, are ordered to tbe
assistance of tbe renegade Buckner and Zol
licoffer. Should General Anderson be sus
tained, in tbe words of Tom Corwin, we 'will
welcome tbem with bloody hands to hospita
ble graves.'
2" Tbe dark ana bloody ground' will again
he tbe theatre of war; and a war more bloody
and relentless than any recorded in bietory.
" We have all confidence in oar noble
Anderson and his staff.
" The fiery cross is gleaming everywhere ;
the friends of tbe Southern Confederacy are
fleeing from our borders, and what will be
left will be pure gold with but little treason
able alloy. Beaten back from Kentucky,
they must be carried into their own territo
ries, their leaden mot sod
tbe Cootitutjoa and: laws sfiat be vindica
Number 37*
Our Agricultural Column.
Plant Small Trees.
Yvung America is ia such haste to realise
results, that he cannot wait for trees to grow
in their natural way. lie wants to trans*,
port huge sons of the forest into a new place
by some kind of patent machinery, so as to
make a show immediately. He has little
idea of what constitutes a perfect vegetable
structure, small or large : ho kDows little of
the pWasure which come* from watching tbu
steady developeraent and growth of a small
tree, from year to year. No, no, he wanta
to leap up to grand achievements at once
he wants a lot of big trees and that's all-*
that's enough for him.
We beg a little small trees.
Qo to the open field, or to the- nursery, and
select a specimen of almost any good tree—*
say the beech, or maple, or tulip or hemloek.
Take one or more of each, three or four feet
high, that have branches well formed on each
side. Save all the roots and fibres in dig
ging them up, and in carrving them home
don't bang them to peicss, root and branoh,
but treat tbem with the utmost tenderness.
Prepare large holes, in rich soil, and set
tbem iu so that they will grow vigorously.
Clip the ends of the branohes just a little,
but do this so as to preserve the original
Now watch these trees, from year to year.
How healthy they look ia every limb and
twig, aod leafl How happy tbey look,
shooting out their branch on every side
and dancing in the breeze I How graceful
iu every part, and as a whole! Can eiy
tbing mora eompletelv fill one's eye! Small
as they are they are perfect in form, and so
plainly prediot what they will be when
grown. Age will only enlarge their bulk,
and bring them nearer their time of deo ay.
Is not "sweet sixteen" more charming than
the wrinkled and tootbles octogenarian I
He whs sets out large tress ia compelled
to lop off at least the lower branches, to ena
ble the top ones to live. The roots are to
mutilated in digging tbem up, that nearly
all the branches have to be trimmed up
and shortened, to restore tbn balance of alj
things. But such a tree, so marred in root
and branch, it only half a tree. It is a frag
ment to which the lost parts can never be
Begin, then, with small trees. How they
enjoy life ! They will, 'ere long outstrip the
large stamps you set out at the same time.—
Set them out on yonr lawn and pleasur c
ground. Throw away your pruning saw i
and let them work oat their own ideal. If
yeu interfere at all, let it be only with your
thumb and finger. Never fear their wonton
ways. They will attain near to perfection,
if you only "let well alone."— American Ag
j riculturist.
How to Manage Fruit Seeds.
The seeds of most kinds of fruit tree a
should be planted in the fall.
The seeds of stone fruit—peach, plum and
cherry—should be cleansed from the pulp as
soon as ripe, asd either planted or put into
sand immediately. If seeds are left in the
pulp until after fermentation,bas commenced
tbeir vitality will be iniured if not destroyed.
Se, to if permitted to remain out of the earth
all winter and become dry, they do not start
so readily as if planted in autumn.
Cherry pita a re sometimes put into a box
and mixed with sand, and placed where the
frost of Winter will act upon them and tben
planted ia the Spring. I do not like this
plan, because the seeds start 10 very early
sometimes before it ia convenient to plant
tbem ; the little plants are very tender, and
BO easily injured that aoany may be destroy
ed by the removal from the sand to the seed
The eafeet way is to prepars the seed bed
early in the autumn, scatter the seeds in
rows upon the surface, covering iightly with
earth, and leaving spaoee between the rows
fer tbe purpose ef passing along to weed the
bed. The rows may be a foot wide. Some
people sow broad cast, leaving no spaoe, but
in that case, if the bed be a large one, tbe
process of weeding will be somewhat tedious
and many plants will be trampled upon and
At one year old many of tbe seedlings wii'
be of a suitable size to transplant to the nur.
eery rows for budding.
Plum pits may be treated the came as the
Peach pits are sometimes left in barrels
over Winter, cracked in the Spring and plan
ted in the nursery rows. This not a good
Prepare a peice of ground in the Autumn
■eatter the pits upon the surface and eover
lightly with earth,and the frost of Winter
will craok them.
By the middle of May the plants will be
coming up. Tbey most be taken op careful
ly with a transplanting trowel and aet in tba
nursery rows, the rows tour feet apart and
tbe plants nine inches apart in the rows.
By this method tbe trouble of eraeking by
hand is saved ; the rowa are full, and there
are no gaps where the seeds refuse to vege
tate, which often happens by the other meth
ed.-r-Chr. Ofieftmir.

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