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SHUGFUT \ FOHSTKK, Kditors.
VOl,. X £hc Cnvtvc Hctuotval. Terms 51.50 per Annum.in Advance. S. T. SHUGERT and R. H. FORSTER, Editor*, j Thursday Morning, January 13, 1881. Hon. 1,. A. Mack ey,of Lock Hav en, is urged as a candidate lor the Legislature to till the vacancy which , the death of Mr. Whaley occasions i in Clinton county. Mr. Mackey's ability and experience points to him as a very capable and desirable repre- , sentative. There will he several can- j didates presented for the honor. New Jkksky had the luxury of a . double banging match last week. A matt ami a woman were sent up to meet the woman's husband whom they | dispatched a few months ago to greet them on their arrival. They were fully prepared, of course, for the change and rejoiced in the prospect of a better life. THE secretary of the "Iron Associa tion of Pittsburg" says candidate Oli ver's position on the tariff question is satisfactory to the protectionists. (>f . course it is, who could doubt it? Their interests are mutual. To squeeze the consumer to enrich the j producer makes a comity of interest that the protectionists could not fail to appreciate. IT is an old belief that courts-mar tial were often in the pa.-t organized to convict. Whittakcr's slit ears, however, arc likely to change the rule, for it is generally understood that in this case Mr. Haves has organized a military court for the sole purpose of acquitting the dusky cadet of the charge that rests upon him of having done the cutting himself. A MAN in Haltimore named Bowen, a leadiug member of a respectable church, was convicted of marrying his daughter to a son by a former mar riage. The father was the only one j of the parties who knew the relation ship existing between the son and the daughter, who are highly spoken of. He richly deserves any punishment that can he inflicted for his brutality. DYER I). LUM, the assistant sccrc- j tary of the National Greenback Com mittee, says in an open letter that he can prove that Gen. Weaver, the late Greenback candidate for President, admitted that be had an interview with Don Cameron, in which the lat ter promised him 820,000 in aid of the Greenback canvass. He names Con gressman Burch and Kditor C'randall as witnesses. CONOEB, at present the blatherskite of the House, has been chosen by the Republican Legislature of Michigan to represent that State in the Senate of the United States, The House of Representatives will rejoice in being rid of an intolerable nuisance; but what of the Senate ? The staid decor um of that body may freeze him, hut they cannot give him common sense or decency. Those admirable qualities are uot iu the man. THE Christiancy divorce case in Washington promises to rival the Henry Ward Heecher scandal in New York in all its filthiness. It ought to be suppressed and the Michigan states man and bis wife permitted to pursue their different courses without inflict ing the Country with the disgusting details. The press, at least, could he belter employed than filling the col umns of newspapers with the filthy material these trials furnish. THE present Lcgisla'.ure will have the duty of making a now apportion ment of Senatorial, Representative, 1 Congressional and Judicial districts. It is to lie hoped that (bore will be enough honest men in the Legislature to sco that this duty is honestly per formed irrespective of any advantage to he derived in favor of any political pnrty rieeu*. The people are entitled to a fair, judicious, apportionment, free from inconvenient and oppressive re strictions. "KyIAL ANI> KXAI'T JUSTICE TO AM. M KN, or WIIATKVKR STATU OR PERSUASION, HKI.IOIOI.M OH POLITICS I.."—JrlTriwii Gov. lloyt'H MosHngo. I The message of Gov. Hoyt, present- : ed to the legislature last week, is a l °* I C lengthy document and deals with the I affairs of the State in an elaborate and * altogether satisfactory manner. In- t osmuch as there was no session of the i " I (< State legislature last year the Gover-I, nor hail good reason to enter some- what more minutely into details than I ( was usual when the message came IK*- i c fore the public as nu annual State ; 1 pajier. The Governor starts out with r an allusion to the growth aud power of the State, the prosperity, happiness and content of the people and the im- ' portance of tho duties that devolve upon the law makers, and then calls j attention to the financial condition of the State, giving a summary of the receipts and expenditures of the State J treasury from Decern lie r 1, 1*79, to November 30, 1880, both inclusive. Front this summary it appears that - j! the receipts were $6,720,334.47, ami the payments during the same period $6,820,119.49. The estimated rcve- ' nues to the general and sinking funds | for the present year amount to 85,404,- 000.00, and the estimated expenses for ! tho same period are $5,399,988.00. But iu the general fund their will lw an estimated deficiency of 8771,000.00, while there is a present deficit of 81,- 043,000.00, in appropriations unpaid. The amount that must he provided for the general fund to pay this de- | ficieucy is $1,814,000.00. The Governor admits that "our tax laws are neither uniform nor equit able," hut says there is no "data in the possession of the departments upon which it would he safe to attempt the • 1 .. .It enactment ot any sweeping or radical changes." He therefore makes no rec ommendation lor such a purpose, hut j leaves the matter with the legi.-lature. During th" year 18*2 over $10,000,- 000 of the State loans will mature by the terms of the acta creating them, land it is thought that the present i- n : most favorable time to refund these maturing loans at a lower rate of in terest than is now paid upon them and authority is asked from the pre i ent legislature to enable the depart ments to act forthwith. The subject of education next re ceives the attention of the Governor, j and he treats it in a fair and liberal spirit. The State is carrying on its system of public instruction in three directions, viz: through the public schools, the normal schools and the soldiers' orphans' schools. (Quoting from the reports of Superintendent Wickersham a very gratifying condi tion of these educational agencies i presented, Hnd adequate support to them strongly urged. The message also treats of the sub ject of freight descriminatioti and in order that all shippers in the State may be in condition to have the pro- j tection of statute law, it is urged that necessary legislation be enacted so that the provisions of the ConstitutiAi may lie placed in reach of execution by the courts over all transportation companies, at all times, in all places and in all interests. The remainder of the message is de voted to matters of minor importance, such as the municipal commission hill for the government of cities, the geo logical survey, the boflrd of agricul ture, the fishery commission, the na tional guard, the centennial celebra tion at Yorktown, all of which are commended to the favor of the legis lature. The Governor also pays hand some tributes to the memories and 1 public services of the late Kx-Gov. William Bigler and Judge Warren J. Woodward. In conclusion he recap itulates the questions of legislation 1 that should receive attention a* fol ! lows: "Provision for the revenue* of ths i commonwealth; The passage of the appropriation hills necessary to carry on the venous departments, the support of penal and , chnritable institutions, snd the like; A bill to refund the public debt to - mature in I**2; Ttil'a to reapportion the State into: IIKLLHFONTK, I'A., THURSDAY, .lAXI'ARY i:i, |ns|. legislative, judicial im<l congre*ioiuil ' district*. I deetn it important, also, to invito | your attention to the proviiiioii* of tlin j Constitution relating to t/ieriiit hyUlalion. I'll.- sweeping character of the seventh jl sec-linn of the third article leave* little ! . room for the enactment of any other than general law*. Such law* lire, in ! some inatance*. needed to carry into , , ellect the provision* of the constitution, j many of which are inoperative in the ' ' absence of appropriate legislation. To the end that time may not be consumed ( in the confederation of act* within the constitutional prohibition, I remind yon that the executive i* bound, with your selves, to a strict enforcement o( the restraints on special legislation." ♦ Tin: course of Hon. Kckley H.Coxe, j Senator elect front the Luzerne disrict, j in declining to lake the oath of office j at the organization of the State Senate, : ha* attracted wide spread attention and j excited much comment. Mr. Coxe placed hi* refusal to lie iptalificd upon i the ground that he had contributed I money for hi* election in wnvs not j expressly authorized by the act of assembly which defines the necessary and projier expense* incident to the nomination ami election of members of the legislature and other officer*. While he did not pay one cent for improper or corrupt purjwiscs, *uch j a* bribing voters, lie paid assess ment* made upon him by county com- j mittcc* in Luzerne and Lackawan- | na counties, a portion of which went to pay taxes, fee* fi,r procuring natu ralization paper* and other incidental expenses of the campaign, which lie believe* were unauthorized by the law. For I hi* reason he could not take the oath. Mr. Coxc is a gentleman of wealth and of unblemished reputation and *tandiug in the community in j which he lives. No one doubt* the j thorough integrity of hi* character, or that in this matter he lias acted other wise than in -triel accord with the dic tates of an honest conscience. There was probably not a brother S-nator who heard his statement hut would say they had contributed to their party 1 funds in precisely the same manner, hut no one of them appears to have j applied the sßtne rigid rule of con st ruction to the law. There is cverv evidence that Mi. Coxc would he a very valuable addition to the State *enate, and the jieople of Luzerne should at once return him, without the u<- of n dollar on hi* part, and thus r-nnhle him to qualify for a position which lie will undoubtedly honor. <ii:\. WAI.KKR, superintendent of the census, is now engaged in the final revision of the census report a* to population, before sending it to ton-! grt-ss, which lie expects to do during i the present week. The figures will not vary materially front those al- j ready named, viz. 50,152,000. He- 1 garding a published estimate of 51,- j 000,000, (ion, Walker *ays he does not know where it originated, and that it did not come from the census office, j The figures given show an increase over the eensu* of 1870 of 11,593,629, - or a 'itle over .10 |er rent., while the increase in the preceding decade was hut 7,115,050, or 221 per cent. This larger increase in the present ratio is attributable to several causes, among . theni, the fact that the present census has been far more carefully taken ) than ever before. IT is announced that (Jen. Simon Cameron is chnrged with a political mission to the South with a view of ascertaining the political feeling and arranging thing* generally in the in terest of the in-coming administration. This veteran party manager possesses much experience and considerable j shrewdness in making political con tracts, and if Oen. Garfield places the Southern patronage of the administra tion at his disposal, it will, no doubt, be distributed where it will do the moet good to the party, whatever it may be to the country and the people of the South. His methods arc some what ly and peculiar, and if the ob ject is to benefit one party alone, Gar field has the "right man iu the right place" in lh venerable retired states man of Pennsylvania. J% : I Tho Senatorial Elections. < It was generally expected that our 1 Republican friends would make the 1 most of their successes in the different ' •States in which United State-Senators were to he elected by returning their ablest men. So far this reasonable expectation has not I wen realized. Politically, the next Senate will lie ' exceedingly close and u strong minori ty would have succeeded in making it 1 very uncomfortable for thft almost im- 1 perceptible majority. So far as these elections have progressed mediocriiv is the rule and real excellence in the selections the exception. In Maine the Hon. Kugene Hale, better known as " little Hale," will wabble around in the seat ut present occupied by Hannibal Hamlin; he can never till it. Although Mr. Hamlin has been the butt of the Capitol wits for years his ability and integrity have never been questioned, and lie has lieen a Senator of whom any Stale might lw proud. Mr. Hale's chief claim to the distinction conferred upon him by the j Legislature of his State lie* in the fact I that he is married to n daughter of , the late /aich Chandler, and i- worth | two millions of dollars. In Minnesota Alex. Ramsey, an importation from Pennsylvania and a political pupil of Simon Cameron, succeed- McMillan, who has occupied a seat in the Senate fur six years, and whose entire record consists in voting, either on one side or the other, upon all questions that came up during his presence iu the chamber. Ramsey i a jobbing jmliti ! cinn of very ordinary attainments and ! will numerically swell the lb-publican -ide of the Senate without adding to | its intellectual strength. Perhaps the mot disheartening result yet reached the election of Omar D. Conger, of Michigan, to a seat in the Senate. After Mr. /.ach Chandler, now gath ered to his fathers, and the lamb-like Mr Christiancy, the pr- lit plaintiff ina divorce suit of doubtful odor, it was thought imjiossihle to render Chandler and Christiancy r--portable by contrast. But the choice of this yelping hyena from the wilds of Michigan will cause the cold chills to creep up the backs of nil those who •till have an old-fashioned reverence for our highest law-making body. Wo can imagine the horror of Conkling, IMmunds, Ingalls, Anthony and the fastidious Burnside, when they receiv es! the dreadful intelligence of Conger's 1 elortion ; for nlthough these Senators nre hitter aud unrelenting partisans, I they are likewise gentlemen who are thoroughly alive to the amenities of | social and political life, while Conger j is an ill-bred boor who by no stretch j of imagination can be tortured into anything hut what he is. His fellow | members of the House will gladly bid him him AOIKU, hut this feeling of ; gladness will be tinctured with pity for ; the unfortunate body Ht the other end of the Capitol. In Ohio John Sher | will he the next Senator. Sherman is I as able as he is rapacious, and his ca reer in the Senate now will lie hut a duplicate of his previous service in the same body. He will he for John Sherman first, last and nil the time while the country can takp care of it self. The little State of Connecticut affords the country substantia) reason for rejoicing as she invests Joseph 11. Haw ley with the Senatorial toga. Mr. Hawley is one of the best, purest and most acceptable of latter day Repub lican leaden and he leavens his fealty to party with a liberal degree of toler ance and patriotism. In New York nnd Pennsylvania the machine has brought forward its own especial rep resentatives, aud while in the former State Kvarts and George William Curtia arc unceremoniously put aside, our own State rejects Benjamin Harris Brewster nnd Wayne MacVengh with others of like prominence ami capaci ty. Tho candidates championed by the machine in these two States repre sent nothing hut mediocrity nnd incom petency. Altogether the Senatorial j elections, so far as they have been beld I dbuppoiut intelligent and disposition ub- observers of all parties. Those to follow oiler little encouragement to people who believe in a high standard ul excellence as applied to Senators iu ('oiigres-. Ihe 1 Icmocruts, as usunl are per suing nu exactly opposite course to that <•! their opponents. Senator Cockrell, the present able and indus trious Senator from Missouri, has been returned, am) Delaware and Florida will undoubtedly keep Senators Bay ard and Jones in the positions they have done so much to honor. .lames G. fair, of Nevada, takes Sharon's place, and although an untried man he will lie a vast improvement on his preden --or who otilv enine to Wa-h --in 'ton to draw his salary. It will not be long before the people will begin j to regret the absence of Wallace, I hurman, Baton, Kernan, McDonald and Mi I'her-oii, from the councils of the nation, all of whose places will be occupied by indilfereut Republicans. Senator McDonald, of Indiana, will lie succeeded by Benjamin Harrison and Senator Mcpherson,of New Jersey, j will give way to either Gen. Sewell, I I'resident of the West Jersey railroad, or Secor Robeson, ot Navy Depart ment lame. In either case the coun- i trv suffer- a loss. - ."><>,l AD. Official Pißureß of tho Cenaus of lOSO. (.KNtßtl. W it kin's \|:w l Ill's SALI'Tt. Wamiin'.ton, Jicretnbi-r 31. —The Su perintendent of the <Vmui make* the following approximate -tateraent of the popular -n of th<-State* and Territories. It i* I elieve ! to !• very near the final figures, whjrh in" expected to he an nounced next week : JHMO. I70 I *!•!• I.J . .It ... AU.I, Arle.es •>(! Rata \ 50... . Miam -.si j' ; e*tll.>rr.t* ...... sei.'A! . : C..1 ...-• MM' . .... I c ... -n. • I ' Ink' Is . 1 iv.j 14.141 11-Usrsr- I mi 1-' I I IHsUtrt af CotamMa 1T:.,.. i |.:ua ft rMa n< iajl ' 1-tahT. • it 14 MM I IM". -I. ..1.. !.(.>• ; l*<iu. ii> p.: • ' !-• ... — I.Iit.T K.iimi ... - . - 1 ImNfti 1-4' *• ItftiM ' . )• MartUftd !■< : s. 1 • i*fi 1$ MftdrtgM I** l.ls MitiVKW'ta 7* mff i j .... I.UI M •:<! Mf M< If\ Kl '- , U .'ilana • I •" ' | V 4.1. 11 •*> * . 4, 3P9 Sexa ... >4 . N• W- ' 1.1 . . In . New \\-*i . . 11- 4k' vt -'.I ; V'.k : ( v:.m: N flit lar llna .... 1 l | "t.i . <!.-. . . t •: 4 Htefon 17 4 :• 7 • ■ |Vmw)lt|feta 4,.*. 1 '.W J, rli il ! IHi eG | <r -lilt* ... .■ ' * 7. f T er. .#•*•-*• . ... . . . 1 Jv* I 1.. *.4W:- 1 k * ' I •! I* A'l • *• I YflfWll • • I Vlralata I,Mi ao i.t -. i W *•>.!. £1 ti |H H VirginU .... MM J 44; <•. ' WtartNuin |,.l . ;* Wl -.11. tig- -• * 1 1• ; Total Sknathu 4'aijpentkr, of Wiscon- I sin. goes about civil service reform in n praetical way. He has introduced a hill into the United States Senate to amend the Constitution so as to secure to all civil officers of the government, j except the cabinet officers and judges of the courts, a fixed tenure of four years, ami to make postmaster* elect ive. An amendment of this character would undoubtedly lie more effective in giving the country an honest reform in our civil service than all the silly platitudes to which the public has : been treated bv Mr. Hayes. It is said there is a movement on foot to make Gen. McDowell, the commander of the IVpartinent of the Pacific, Secretary of War. McDow ell ha some claim upon Gen. Garfield, uot the lcat of which is the fact of having traveled all the way from San Francisco to New York to vote the Republican ticket for President at the last election. The claim would possess more merit if he had done so at his own expense, and not nt the expense of the Government. That vote cost the national treasury over $l,lOO. With upwards of 50,000,000 inhab itants the United States now occupy i the fourth place among the nations of I l he earth. TKHMS: per Annum, in A<haiu-c. GENERA I. NEWS. There were forty-one death* fiom diphtheria in Brooklyn lat week. There were G4<• births, K; marriage* and 778 death* in New York city last week. Saturday, the anniversary of the bat tie of New Orleans, was celebrated in that city by the firing of salutes. John Gil-ton run away from his pa rents, at I pland, Delaware county, when a young man. Last week he re turned, after an absence of forty years, to find of all his relatives only one brother alive. The Mountain ''ity FJour Mill and .<OOO bushels of wheal, at Cumberland, Md., were horned on Saturday night. Several small dwellings adjacent to the mill were also burned. Los* on mill and machinery about s3s,utjy. Mrs. J hornaa Cohen, an aged colored woman, 'if Doyle* town, was burned to death a few days ago. She had been confined to her bed for some time and it is thought that the bed clothe* caught lire from a stove in the room. At a Washington hotel the other night the member* of a delegation of ' 'toe Indians blew out the gaa in their rooms when they retired. A ball-boy snuffed the air, sounded the alarm and the j>oor Los were rescued in time to save them from suffocation. Abraham and Joseph Buxzard, Diller ' lark and Henry llower, known aa the leaders of a band of robber* having i their headquarter* in the mountains \ near hphrata. Lancaster county, were arrested on Saturday after a desperate resistance and lodged in jail. Mr. Charles Rous, a member of the | Corn and Flour Exchange of Baltimore, who suspended business in 1879 for about $.W,000, and compromised with his creditors for .AI cents on the dollar, l on last Saturday sent a check to each of Ins creditors, paying in full, with fi per , cent, interest, the deficit of the suspen sion. There arrived at the Lehigh Valley depot at Allentown on Tuesday morn ing <>f lat week, from up the country, a 11 unk decorate'! with cri|>e, 'in a piece of taper was this inscription: 'This man paid hi* board bill. God bless him. ' The trunk caused consid erable comment, and there was a great I del of S|HH ulation as to what it might 1 contain I lie dead body of Oh arte* Ruhe, trav i i < g sal •-.man for 1.. AA it man. a Chicago cigar dealer, was found on Saturday morning n.-r the Michigan Central 1. iilroa I ti.vck, a mile west of Kalania roo. Michigan. It is supposed that he (>-. i from an early morning train and i* injur- d. lie had apparently drag- I g* I himself ai-out. and probably lived several hours after he sa- hurt. Among the wealthy citij-ens of Phila • d'-lphia, wh t have die I during the present year, eight left personal '-states e.ch valued at over half a million -b'l rm a. f,:ioHs Wm. Adamsnn, S iii* 1.1 Adolj.h K. Baric. $1.140,. I ; George W. .1. Deßenne. f',77,- : Wm. Elliot. $*75,469.50; John f-'X. ? > (f.i.'.47 ; Mary Shields, s !'• KJi; >imtiel s. White, sy.<7,- O>L. ;; .In-hua .leanes, s''7o.o'.l(l. Landlord* are in Ireland what the carpet loggers were to the South,*' said •• aiher Ryan, the "poet priest, in an addre-s in Baltimore on Tuesday night; "and the Irish people will tid them selves of their oppresors as the South ml itself of the carpetbaggers." J n conclusion Father Ryan said (pointing to his head : " Agitation here must be •'l"ar; i to ins mouth), "hers it must be prudent ;" (to his heart) " and here tender and impulsive, which, if follow ed, will crown your effort* with suc | cess." Abraham Lincoln, the grandfather of the great president of that name, was killed by Indian* on Linkhorn's Run as the Stream io Kentucky was then railed. Hi* blood ran into the stream, which ever since has borns hi* name, lie wa found with the string* of hie powder-horn wound around hi* neck Plus powder horn passed from one neigltlwir to another, and finally fell into the hand* of a Mr. Brown, who forwarded it to the Lincoln Memorial Association at Springfield. 111. It bore the owner's name and an eagle with spread wings carved in bold relief. Mr. O. AV. Strubbe. of Cincinnati, who has been in Georgia and North and South ( arolina for the past eight month* superintending some mining affairs, was in that city last week. He had among the evidences of his absence a huge sapphire, in it* native state, just as dug (mm the mines, valued at SIO,OOO. He is going to seod.it to Tiffany, in New \ ork, to be cut. The mine* from which this valuable gent WM obtained are located in the Stale of Georgia and are owned by Cincinnati parties. One sapphire found some months ago is val ued at about $50,000. Prince Hannibal Brown died near AV nrrenton. Va., the other day, aged st>nut a hundred years. Hannibal was stolen from the coast of Africa in 1830 and brought in a slave ship to thia country. He always held that hi* fath er was an African king. When be waa a Ioy he had several slave* a* personal attendant*. Being set free soon after his arrival in this country be learned the blacksmithing trade and became a skillful workmen. He accumulated money enough to buy a plantation and several slaves, and be was the only negro slaveholder in America. During the war he waa devoted to the Confed eracy. and WM imprisoned at the old Capital in Washington because he re fused to shoe the horse* of Union troopers. NO. 2.