SJ 1). UAV,
00 ATTORNEY AT LAW,
Special attention irlv. n to tin- collection of claim*,
ttlfli'i' adjoining llt'i k• 111- ■ft 11-ooov 4-13
cpHOMAS .1. McCULLOUGH,
JL ATTORN KY AT I,AW,
Oldro In Altnrt l)wt>n'i htiilditiß, fti* Ml* r*n frm
erly occupied by Ihw I'hlllpvbuiK UaiiktuK Company.
BbS*9AOUMt W.f. nrKDK*.
1 I ASTINGS it KKEDEU,
J 1 ATTORN KY B AT I. AW.
Office on Allegheny afreet, two do.ir. cMt of the of
fire occupied hy late firm of Y. um A Hastings. A> II
k. A. MALI. "• A - " A"-
1 )EALE A McKEK,
ATTORNEYS AT I.AW.
Ut-tf Office opposite Court llouec, Itellcfonte, Pa.
I. n TOCL'M. M ftAI.ItRHOIR.
VOCUM it lIARSHBERGER,
J ATTORNEYS AT LAW.
Office on N. E. corner of Diamond and Allettlianjr-eL,
in the room lately or. upied I * i 'iiu A Hastings.
WILLIAM A. WALLAOi, tIATtD L. KIIB.,
IIAIttY r. WALLAH, WILUAM I. WALLACB.
"WALLACE it K RGBS,
V V LAW AND COLLECTION OFFICE,
January 1, IfiVl. CIiKAHFIELU. PA.
17 L LIS L. OR VIS,
l i ATTORNEY AT LAW.
OEFICI opposite the Court Ilou*e t on Ihe 2d of
A. U. Funt'* tmlldiUK. 3-Mf
C. V. ALBXAIVDR*. C. M. ®OWI.
l LEXANDER .t BOWER,
J V ATTORNEYS AT LAW,
B cltefoate, Pa., may l>c consulted in Knglish or Oer
man. Offlco In German's Buildlug. I-'J
1 LAW AND COLLKCTMN OFFICE,
L.LY CLRARFIELD, PA.
JAMM A BI.TAH >■ wiaLIT OIHAIt.
BEAVER & GEPHART,
ATTORNEYS AT LAW,
Office ou Allegheny street, north of High, Belle
f .lite, Pa. W
a ATTORNEY AT LAW,
BKLLKFONTK, PA. |
Leaf door to the left ill the Court 11-.e.e. - 'i-ly :
TOHX BLAIR LINN,
> ATTORNEY AT LAW.
Office Alleitheny Street, orer Pint offl. •- 41-ly
1 L. SPAXGLER,
<J a ATTORNEY AT LAW,
DELLKFONTK. CENTRE fl ICNTY, PA.
Special attention to Collections; practice# In all the I
Conrta; Consultations In German or Ki.gllah. l ly i
a ATTORNEY AT LAW. j
omc on Strppt ik>uth aula of Lyon •
t t- r*. PalUf BU Pa.
rp C. HIPPLE,
JL a ATTORNEY IT-LAW.
I.iK K lIAA EN. PA.
All lnln'HNi promptly attaodad to. M>
\\'M. I'. MITCHELL,
T V PRACTICAL SURVEYOR,
LOCK HAVEN, PA., I
Will attend to all work In Clearfield, Centre and j
optHidiip !>• k IUTPO 7t*Uonal Bnk. 'JO-ly (
W C. HEINLE,
T V a ATTORNEY AT LAW,
IIKI.LEFONTE, PA. I
Office iu Conrad House. Allegheny .tree!
Special attention gfren t" the rollectivn of rlaime.
All t n.inee. attended to promptly _ Hf
V ATTORNEY AT I.AW,
All hnalnee promptly altende-l to. 1-ly
I I K. HOY, M. I).,
lie Office In Conrad II no, almre Fortney'.
Lew Office, RKLLEFONTE. PA.
St-e. ial attention git en to Operatise Surgery and
Chronic Diaeaaea. IH>
I \R. JAS. 11. BOBBIN'S, M. D.,
I " PHYSICIAN AND SCROEON.
Offh-a AliMkfOi ZatfUr'* I>ru*
C-tf HILLRFONTI PA
nu. J. W. RHONE, Dentist, can
I* fonii'l it bii oflkl in<l on Mirlh
aid* of lli(h atr**t thrHf dwn AUat of AUafhany*
Ballafoota. PB. Ift-ly
Hum it icss Cnrtl*.
I ITARNESS MANUFACTORY
P X L
RKLI.KFONTK. PA 1-1J
1 • JEWELER.
WAT<*HM, CLorrtf, /BWBLBT, AC.
All work neatly HKBUHI. On
ftn-Wr Br"ck*rh'ff II 4 tf
DEALERS IN PURE DRUGS ONLY.
2 I ZELLEII k, SON, 3
5 ' No . Rroekerhoff Row. •;
v All the Standard Patent Medicine. Pre- w
arrlptiona and Family Re. I pee accurately e
IB prepare.l. Triiaa, ~Sh .alder llrace., Ac .Ac ' 3
o. ncnia, Pree't. j. r. aais.Oash'r.
171KST NATIONAL BANK OF
AILF hny Btr*t. Mlilbati, PB. 4-tf
THE CENTRE DEMOCRAT
BOOK and JOB OFFICE
IS NOW OFFKRINO
TO THOSR WIKHINO F!RST-< LASS
Plain or Fancy Printing.
' We b*F unusual facilities for printing
CARTES DB VISITB,
CARDS ON ENVELOPES,
AND ALL KINDS OF BLANKS.
(jrOr(lora by mail will receive prompt
UST Printing done In the bat style, on
abort notice and at the lowest rate*/
/N ARMAN'S HOTEL,
VJT Oppoelt.OeartHoa.., BILLRFONTR, PA.
TERMS 11. 06 PRR DAY.
A good Lirtry attached. 1-1
Km, „ •
It'ilMon, Mc Far lane <P Co., Hardware Dealer*.
IK TD W R EI
WILHON, McPAItLAN K & CO.
STOVES, RANGES i HEATERS.
Paints, Oils, Glass and Varnishes,
AI.LKiItIKNY BTHKET, .... HDMHC BLOCK, .... BELLEFONTE, PA.
BELLEFONTE & SNOW SHOE
It. R.—Time-Table llt effcr ton and after Manh
Lenrea Snow Shoe 6,: i *. M.,arrirea In Uellefoute
T.M a. M. „
l.earea llellefout* tf.l'J *. M.,arrier at Snow Shoe
"irfarc'snow Shoe 2.:0 i r.M.,arrtree In Itellefoule
4.JU r. M.
Leerea Itellefoule t f M .arrirea al Snow Shoa
7.2b r. M. S. 8. BLAIR, (len'l Su|>erlnleiideut.
I >ALD EAULK VALLEY KAIL-
Eat'.Mall. waa*f. aaaraaao. Lip. Mall,
a. M. p. M. * A *'
.in ;,r; Arrlre at Tyrone L*ae ■- l
y, te-avr Ka.t Tyrone Leara... 7 5i a bb
7 M Asl ...~. " Yall " ... 74i *s*
154 A47 " Hwl.l Kagle " ... 747 A tr^
;4d :• " Yowter " ... IM <
i 44 0 :il * " Hannah " h j-J
I 0 . . ... " Port Matilda " ... H (>0 hi#
' aj: •' Martha " ... "7 # 2'-
1 1. , oh 11 Julian 11 ... a1 * # -1
* v !, .7 " l'nlonrllle " ... a.l M
ial fi 4a .... " Snow >lo.e In " .. a :vi 945
' .r, 545 •• Mllenbnrg " . #4a
J tc, sd, " Ih llefonta " ... I 1 57
J 3.1 b a" Mileelmri " ... *MIO (
?as & u " Curtlu " ... #oelo l
21H 5 " Mount Kagle " ... hl4lO tb
J j 501 " Howard " ... #V" I"
?tA4 50 " F-aglerllle " ... hl10 4#
: re 4 4.*' " 8e... hi reek " ... 4010 54
' 34 433 ...... " Mill Hall " ... h5411 l
,4W 4 3*> M Flemlngton " ... #57 II 4"
j25 4 '44 " Lock llaren " ...10 ol 11 4-'>
I PENNSYLVANIA KAILHOAD.
I 1 —fpbiUdrlpbU Attd Kne Ou and
j 4fi#r DacfinlHrf lz, 1*77
W KST WARD.
ERIK MAILWB**B Philadelphia M p m
1 •• lUrrUburg. MM .. M ..^e M e. 42*8 n.
• •• M B in
•4 • Lock IIBVBB Y4O®M
M livuovo... lO M B m
• At Krie 7 p ni
! NIAGARA 1 PlllBd#lj hU~. 7 J>> m m
• M Ilrrlnl>urg . 1" 50 ii
" •* Wilhffiin*i-rt '2 9* pli
•• irrlTi At Kcnuro. 4 40 |i ui
I'kMpnesrt ly tli§ lriu rrit In lUII^-
f.intr-ffit - - 4 p m
FANT LINK PIHUfI. II 4*. • n
M M lUrrlet .rg.. .1 3A pn.
• " \V illlami'ort 7Ho p ti
•• irrlfit at Lock lißfn. I4op u
! PACIFIC KXPRSM Irßtrt k ll%tro.— H4O i
•• •* M 7 I'- • u.
** MTIVMII lUrrDt nrf 11 '4NN
Philadelphia.... 4' | m. i
i DAY KXPRKSB loavwH-'ftoto 10 l f a m
•' t/ klldY'D ...... 11 u.
•• M WillUmßpovtlß 40 a m
'* arrlVMßt lUrrl*t nrc... 4 1" j>
•• ** Phi1ade1phia........... 7J" pti j
ERIK MAIL leßYwiß- M - ► *-p
I,- -■ h 11A y wit 9 pn, !
• •* WiUUnißport 11 '*i p0- ,
M iiflfM t lltrrUl nrr 2 4 > an
•• " Philadelphia 700a >
FA NT LINK rt \2 -1 • n
*• arrltea at lUmi'irf 3 an.
** M Philadelphia 7SO an
Krie Mail Weal. Niagara Vl eei, llar
Arromai'elatlnn Wwl und Day Kvpram Ka*t tnah*
rloae roObtctiona at N'rthumWdrlan l with L A R, R
R train* fr M l!keffita*rre and M< raotoii.
Erie Mall Mw(, NUcara Kvpfeaa Meat, an-1 Kri*
Y.x prrM .-at, and L*k lla*n A"*mm"datLn Waal
make rloae conaecUoa at WiUtam*pjf C with Jf. C K
M . train* nnfth.
Krle Mall Weet, NUara Ktpreaa WHI. and Pay j
E*pr"e iUet. make eloaa connection al Lo<k llatet
Will, ft K. K R train*
Krle Mail Kat and \*et connect at KrU with train*
on I. M AM.?* R R. at Oorry alth O C. A A > R
R. at Rm|orlum with R N Y A P R K.. an I a'
Driftwood with A. Y R R
Parlor rara will run MWMI Philadelphia anl
Wiltiamport n Niagara Kaprea Weat. Krle Kiprea*
Wat, Philadelphia Kiprea PUt and lay Ktpfe**
Kat. and Sunday Kipreee pA*t fMeeptriff rar*on al'
nUht trains. MM A
V Twl. U,
'• <K 1
2-f.m REI.LEFONTE. FA.
MONEY To Loan at 6 per Ct.
lUV/X1 AJ 1 BY Til* ML'TI'AL LIFE INSUR
ANCE CO. OF NEW YORE, on Bret mortgage, on
Imprt—ed farm property. In eunu sot lea. than F2,fMf
and not exreeding one-third of the prewenl rain, of
tk* property. Aay portion of the nil net pal can ha
paid off at any lima, and It haa baes tha cnatom of the
I eomcany lo permit the prtadpnl lo remain aa long ae
the borrower withes, If tha Intanet la promptly paid.
AM,I, CITARLSi F. SHERMAN.AItorney-at-lnw,
I bit Court, at reel, Reading, I'm ,
orto DAVID E. KLINE,Co.r Apprnteer,
A FARM containing Fifty Acre*.
nod baring thereon er*.f*4 a TWf.MITORT
■ FRAMF, ni lLt'lNll and not hnlldlnga Tlllegood.
Inqnlrn of A. J. A T. L ORlKfif,
| f-S Dsloorille.Cealro conaty.rn.
f.RS. LYOIA L PINKHAM, OF LYNN, MASS.,
! J" |
| LYDIA E. PINKHAM'S
lo*%\l tkMO I'ol tlf ul CoWpi lit 111 • nn4 W mItSMMI
luruwmufl (tiaurloil R Male |WPNUII*U.
ltl]lrur cMlrwty lit* orc turui *-t
I itliiu, til nvrtii Irril4r. liilUmtnitki'ti attd ' r
lion, Fftlllntf •<! lts|4remrfl, guil llwt
*;>!&•! W*®knn, *l*l U |/lKukx\j wilAjtw*] to tbs
< of IJ fa.
II will dl**lv Kl>4 wH from l)i* ulniln
an tnrljr lUtft* < f d*Vilo|NMMlk The (aftdawji tocftiv
ffM batnorwlbwrwltcliev-ke-l I y IU us#.
It rrmorra falntriMa, fUIuWtK-y, jsaJl rrarlr g
f'.rrtlrauUnU. arvl r*lt*v*a wwafer*■ <*f O** t oarh.
f,eti#rml IfUlhtJ, ItpiMal >* a-1 Ifi ll
TY.al f##!!n* nt Nanrlnf down, fnrtnt fn!r.,
arvl larkarh", la alaafi |arwnwnt:; rural I j lia u*
It will •! all llrnaa and utvl*r all rimtniUiir** ar-l to
barm' nj wtth HH> laai Ual fotam UK (•(tab syal't.<
rrlbarurar.f Kldnay (< mpfcaluU of iSUar MiU.li
CofijjrMiivl la unamrpaaard.
i.\nu r. ri\kii\y* vmvrrAiii.r o.
l'Ol Mlki |)fr|ral at £3 arvl v,♦ • a*:> .
I ynn, Maaa i*rt™ |t. '
In tbw form of jdlle. Alan IntH* f ten .f I *. • ,n, n
raralpi of prtra, |l \—t l- t fr allbar. Mt a 11 kUta
frwi; aaaaan all Mian .f band t r }<*"•! **
law JvMrwaa aa aUra (An /'jjrr.
Ko family abc-iM U ltb.-il I.TM4 I ' *KllhHl
UVKU riUJt Tb#y rnra rvnatipali- a, IJhM- t
ar.d tOTfMNf if MbMfV. OMHI|M 1 I
AT Hold by oil DrtiiUta. %|
| HOP BITTERS?",
(A .Urdi* itir, riol w ilrinti.)
B nor*, mmr, mamhuki, I
| TIIKY CUIR I: I
SIOOO IN COLD.
I r .,,
f **l> fan i * r MBM
g iiTru-.' \ * ,w U il
MMBBKvSR z*. war'*
(' ' i'< mark, j
f'. '' ■ ' ■ •' ■ ■ 1 ' l l " It- \
"t ft Mp''f Ilia Hf.mirh, colic, <lr- )
> nut Aillnj, I .ho I ift t - BMH \
f "r*r**-irh, r-'hr-iy tilaM h~rt- \
'. n< -. i( tr, ,;!i.U.0l l :il st .. ESHiUUrtSBSM i
••Potehrr.iilef-iterTh. brnn'-hnit.plrr.riFr, \
/ a.-"J i .ro l.ir\atof ai.jr liod—l'i m A." Ml V
"PrtirTa |, tP f r* ', t*r -lj - mpt rrul ,
/ effi attinliclno k:.< . n lauu.' UMBMi \
'J ••PKBTHA l the t-t *j p-tlr r. rir<nt V
'• ' , |,il *t In ft ltd
f taln.l." MHBMMnan \
i "If JT renf airfn. take l*r.r.' tA |tf v
I wr-.k r.r pd mettunr. can't ret, take \
/ 1 •*•" MHMMMM \
. •fltt)Trinbepßl'lt'Tth' , !'-tlmmHtTtT l'
I Bill, ral t!i At may boftnnd In I'ttt aA. ** |H| \
t k"!4 eerrnrhcre. Jv.r patnrhM wrtlf to t
< 1.11. IIAKTM AN A Co.. (Hlon,. Ohio. >
/ If jrroi re C't. fl Mlj, rr In anr war \
I take fuvaa Mail rctfuiau the ttow
We rem!lnn* to art a*Solicitor* fnt Patrnu. Carrel.
Trad* Mark*. Copyright*, ev.. for Hi* t'nlled Nal
f ana.ln. ( uha, England, Fran**, Oertnanr. *l*. w t
bate had Ihlrtfdlta |cara*rt|MTlrnce,
latent* obtained ibrteigh n* ere irAlrrd in the ftrr-
KXTtrtc AMBkiCAJt. Thia large and t,i*r,.n.| niu.
.rated w*rtt I j pe,>r. 43.30 a yeor.ilKitta liie Prngrew
•f Helen**, u tm Inlerwtlng, and ha* an ennrmona
*lreullton. All'free* MI NN A CO., I'nl*tit H"ll*l
<, lull a nf Hcratmrin tmn tt,*! Ikr* Row.
tew York. Ham) hook at* .till ei*nta free.
gKIN DIBEAHEB CURED!
By Dc. Fr*lr' Magk CNnlmrat, Cntw •• If hy
maglr. Pimple*, Black limit or llntl*, Btotrhca
an-f Rrnptton* on lb* fare. Inuring the akin r)*ar,
beallhy and hwnllfal. Alenmrm llch, Barl-er • llrh,
, Halt Rheute, Tnller, Rlegcrortn. Hcaht Heed, (Thappcd
llaada, Hoc* Nipple*, ante Upe, old, otatluele 11. r
and Bona, Ac.
f HKIN IUHKAHK.
t. Drake, Raq.. Clerelanil. (j„ angered t*yo*d all de
, *rrl|dkin from a akin diamaa hlch appeared on hi*
| hande. heed and Car*, aad nearly dclmyol hi* ere*.
The tenet carefel itorlerlat (ailed to help him. ead at
ler all bad failed he need Dr. Ftailet'a Magic (.Helmeal
and •** eared by 1 lee appllraltuna
AaTThe flnt and oaly f-ilir. car* for akta Jtaaaaea
Beet by mall oe receipt of price, TIM Ogata.
IIKNRT A Co., Hole Prop,-.
tli Veaey Hi., Nee York.
For Klad. Rleading, tlrhiag or I'ltmM I*ll*. Dr.
Wllllam'alai.ua Oigretar la a .lire cat*. Price
, $!.). by amil. for eaie by ItraggiaU. Bt-ly
*TJA A WEEK, 913 a day at home eaatlr made
#I < 0lil Baa. AddreaaTßl'g A (X).. A*-
giaala, Main* lt-ly
,■ ■, t' s.' .... ... JL . * <- .
(LITE CRUTW JOMORAT
OP.IC "ZJ" I_iT"O"XI -i .
NKWH, I'ACTM AND HU(l(lK8TION8.
ritr. rtar r tur KAnoaaL watraai ta THI latkLLl
(iiut tan raoarKßiTr or tin raanta.
hurry farmer in Ait annual rs/irrirncr
ilucovtirt tumething of value. It ri!r it and
irnil it to the "Agricultural Irlilur of the
DKMOI'HAT, llellcfontr, I'enn'a," that other
farnirrii may hare Ihr hrnrfit of if. l,r(
eommumratumt hr timely, ami br ture that
they are brirf anil writ pointed.
WE do not believe in tbal sort of
farm life which limits the farmer's
acquisition of knowledge to the
means of raising and marketing the
products of the farm. It should lie
his aim to have and use for himself
and his household nil the means he
can possibly obtain to give them a
mental culture that will fit thein to
liear the rule in this land of equal
WE are not quite ready to counsel
j •'co-operation" in all tilings, hut when
j I'rof. Ward, of the Kansas Agricul
| tural < 'ollego, advises farmers to "co
| operate in the ownership of thorough-
I bred breeding stock, the use of the
| more expensive improved implements
i the destruction of noxious weeds,
! and the making of Utter roads," we
| heartily agree with him.
IF your orchard, whether it lie i
young or old, is not as thrifty, and I
does not bear so well as you could j
wish, suppose you try giving it a
little attention this year. Don't trim
any yet. Leave that until June. No
doubt manuring and cultivation
would do more for it than you imag
ine, ami an excellent way to secure j
this is to cultivate some low-growing
crop in it. Potatoes or ltcaiis an- :
swer well. Do not make the rows
too close to the trees, and regard the
jKitato or Is'an crop as merely inci
dental. Leave room enough on all
sides to get about the tret * without 1
danger of barking tin ni nidi the;
harness or tools. Wash with soap i
HII Is from the ground up as high as
you tan reach, in dune trim and
hunt for borers. It will pay, sure.
A COI.T is regarded as an incum
brance because be i* useless until be j
arrives nt a suitable age for wotk,
but it it-ally cost very little.compared !
with bis value, to raise a cult. When
the jieriod arrives nt which the colt j
can do service the balance sheet will .
show in bis favor, for young horses al- i
ways command good prices if they are '
sound ami well broken. One of the
difficulties in the way is the incum
brance placed on the dam, which in
terferes with her usefulness on the
farm, especially if the colt is foaled
during the early part of the spring.
Some farmers have their colts foaled
in the fall, hut this is open to two ob
jections. In the first place, spring is
the natural time, for then the grass is
beginning to grow, and nature seems
to have provided that most animals
should bring forth tin ir young in a
season beyond the reach of severe
cold and with sufficient time to grow
and lie prepared for the following
winter. Again, when a colt is foaled
in the fall lie must pass through a
|oriod of several months confinement
in the stable, without exercise, or else
l>e more or less chilled with cold from
time to time. Should this liap|icn,
the effect of any had treatment will
be afterward manifested, nnd no
amount of attention ran again elevate
the colt to that degree of hardiness
and soundness of body that naturally
belong to a spring colt. Resides, a
colt foaled in the spring will outgrow
one foaled in the fall. An objection
to spring colts tuny le overcome by
ploughing in the fall, or keeping the
brood mares for very light work,
with the colts at liberty to accom
pany them always, A colt needs but
very little feeding if the pasture is
good and there is water running
through it. He needs then only a
small feed of oats at night —no
corn—and if he is given hay it is not
neccessary to give him a full ration.
What he will consume from the barn
will be one-third his value when he is
three years old, snd If he is well bred
the gain is greater. When a farmer
raises his horses, be knows their
disposition constitution nnd capacity.
It ia the proper way to get good,
sound, scrvicablc horses on the farm.
The commercial value of colts as
a farm crop, and the economy and
importance to the farmer of raising
his own horses, aa aflirtned by our
contemporary, we heartily endorse,
but must dissent from some of its
views as to details of management :
Experience leads us to regard its po>
sition in favor of having colts foaled
in the spring rather than in the fall,
as untenable. Truo enough, "spiing
is the natural lime," and we recognise
the wisdom of nsture in "providing
I that most animals should bring forth
| their young in a season beyond the
; reach of severe cold and with sulll
| cient time to grow and be prepared
for the following winter but since,
in raising colts on a farm, the condi-
I lions under which these provisions of
| nature were made do not exist, Hie
argument docs not hold good. The
colt raised on a farm is, to some ex
tent at least, an artificial product,
grown under artificial conditions, and
is not wholly provided for by bounti
ful nature, nor subject to natural
provisions, instead of being gov
erned by its own instincts, and ex
posed to the inclemencies ol all sorts
of weather on the plains of Tartar)-,
or the praries of the West, it is sub
ject to the control of an intelligent
master, and its wants as to food and
shelter are provided for by the owner
whose interests arc best served by
making that provision bountiful and
comfortable. We bold it to !>e a re
flection upon the care and intelligence
of the farmer to imply that this pro
vision cannot lie made as well, if not
quite so easily, in the winter season
as in the summer. For the first four
or six months of a colt's life it is
mainly dependant for nourishment
upon its dam, anil the grass which
abounds in the spring, is of but little
benefit to it, excepting as it contrib- ;
utes to nn abundant flow of rich
milk ; and any farmer careful enough '
and intelligent enough to lie entrusted i
with the raising of colts can easily
and economically arrange the mare's
rations so that this shall lie secured
in the fall as will as in the spring.
In fact, the advantages of grass dur- j
ing its first summer is largely lost to
the spring colt, and when weaning
time comes, the cold season has ar
rived, and it finds itself compiled to ;
meet its severities at the time when
it is deprived of the mare's milk, and
substitutes therefor the dry feed of
winter. All horse raisers admit that'
this is a critical js-riod with colts,
and the ni tuple question is whether it i
is easier so to provide for the colt I
that he shall not l>e seriously affected ,
by the change, or to so provide for j
the dain that Iter supply of milk shall
Is- aufficient for the little n w comer. I
On the other liand the colt comes;
when the marc is aboulcnlering u|on
a jnriod of comparative rest, and j
Is't ause less is required of her, she ;
can afford to divert a greater proper
lion of the food consumed to the
maintenance and growth of the foal
than is |ossihlc when the exacting
labor of "spring work" demands the
full exercise of all her digestive
forces. Then, wdien weaning time
comes, and the colt incutofr from his
former supplies, "the grass is begin
ning to grow," it has entered u|on
that stage of horse hood at which it is
able to take the full advantage of it,
and has a full season of pasturage
before it in which to prepare for what
is practically its first winter. In ad
dition to this, a "winter's keep" is
saved. In the spring of its third
year it is practically a four-year-old,
so far as readiness for use or value |
for sale is concerned, though it has
been fed but two winters, the first
winter having cost only the extra
feed given the marc. Wc believe
there is much advantage in having
colls come in the fall.
THERE is nothing like a pasture
for breeding sows to run in. All of
our sows which lost their pigs last
Spring while confined in pens, have
had large litters of fine, strong pigs.
They had nothing to eat but Orchard
Grass and clover, snd helped them
selves to spring water in the field.
They slept under the trees and by
the aide of the fences, and were let
alone until a few days before pigging,
when they were put into a (ten and
given a little straw for a lied. One
had her little family under a tree, and
did well. If the field was large
enough and the weather was good,
sows might safely be left out for the
young o be born.—Cbr. of Rural
TUB farmor carries into his field
with his seed grain the possibilities
and limitations of his crop. He may
secure a more or less perfect, develop
ment of the plants, bat osnnot change
their character any more than he can
frow Hold wins on a Greening tree,
lence the Importance of a careful se
lection of seeds.— Rrof. Tracy.
Acer*T DM your young horses that
are raised for draft purposes to walk
rapidly and to this end if there is
any walk in them, never allow them
to strike a trot It is astonishing
how rapid a gait can be developed with
proper t raining— Ifj Mace's Monthly.
I>r. Alfred E. Kennedy, chemist
and geologist of the State A gricul.
tural Society, is an earnest advocate
of increasing the fertility of the soil
by plowing under green crops; and
while he gives red clover credit for
being admirubly adapted to his use,
he seems to think that the Yellow
Lupin , now much grown in Europe
for the purpose, is to l>e preferred,
and gives the following reasons :
"Nitrogen in the noil is iridispensible
to our crops. Applied to them, an it is
in the form o( nitrate of soda and Per
uvian guano, it is the moil costly of
chewiest fertilizers. The plant whicti,
like the yellow lupin, gathers it and
stores it up. must under certain condi
tions, be the most valuable of green
manure*. It is a vigorous grower, and
it matures in one season. Here, as well
a in Europe, it attain* the height of
over two leet, sending down it* strong
tap-root to an equal distance, jienetrai
ing the subsoil, and bringing to the sur
face fertilizing agent* lying below the
reach of the plow. To these qualities
it add* the yet more valuable one of
producing a foliage mora than eleven
and three qustera percent. ' 11.7'.') richer
in nitrogen than the red clover. - '
I>r. K. then adds a plan for a aim
pie experiment to determine the rela
tive value of these two plants for
this purpose, which we do not pub
lish la-cause before this could meet
the eyes of our readers it would be
too late to make proper arrange
ments for it. We regret that we did
not receive the Doctor s paper in
time, but will hold it over for future
use, and in the meantime counsel
farmers to kc-ep an eye open for such
further information in regard to the
matter as may be obtainable.
If *ir>K D < *.
Many farmers who have experi
enced two successive seasons of al
most unparalled drouth, are inquiring
as to wliat can be sown to take the
place of our customary clover and
timothy, so essential for hay supply
and pasturage, as well as for green
manuring for a successful growth of
winter wheat. This question has
been answered by many in the sowing
of corn, Herman millet, Hungarian
grass, etc., and where grown especi
ally for a fodder crop, and thorough
ly tested so as to develop its true
merits, the Hungarian is still justly
entitled to the favor# with which it
has la-en received in years past. Al
though more than two decades have
passed since its introduction to this
country comparatively few farmers
have personal knowledge of its value
owing, jiethaps, to a prejudice formed
by unfavorable reports occasionally
published relative to injurious effects
on feed to stock, cs|>ecially horses.
A Connecticut correspondent, Mr. 15.
('. Arnold, recently reporting his first
experience, of the past year, says :
"While it was recognized by an
acquaintance, who cautioned me
against feeding it to horses without
first threshing out the seed, as he had
known at the West a high feeding to
founder horses, though a good feed
when threshed, but perfectly safe,
threshed or not, for cattle. I cut
just as the earliest heads commenced
turning ; yield, two and one-half tons
per acre. 1 commenced feeding free
ly to my horses as soon as it was in
the barn, and have not only seen no
unfavorable results from it, but they
seem to like it as well as any other
hay I have ever feed, but a less quan
tity seems to answer the same pur
My own second year's experience
would be additional proof ot the high
estimate of the worth of this grass,
though for a fodder crop 1 would rec
ommend cutting it when fairly bead
ed, just before, if possible, any of the
first heads begin to turn. Properly
cured, and places! beside tbc best tim
othy hay, It will be preferred every
time by cattle and horses. With
perfect confidence 1 would again rec
ommend this grass to all who arc fear
ful of a short supply of fodder the
coming winter, and for green manur
ing ; the results have fully met the
expectation of those who have tested
it. Sow about three pecks per acre,
soon after corn planting, on any land
suitable for usual spring crop; cut
and cure as customary in securing
clover bay, and my word for its sat
isfaction experienced in witnessing
the svidity with which it is eaten by
all farm stock will amply repay you
for the trial.
Tiik Agricultural Chemid says :
"The cabbage is a potash plant; of
this clement a ton of heads would
remove 1 2 pounds, and of phosphoric
scid 5 pounds. As the average crop
in Kngland is S3 tons, and a* this
woald not be an excessively large
crop in America, we may calculate
that such a crop would remove 264
pounds of potash and 88 pounds of
phosphoric acid, which would be
supplied in about 638 pounds of
muriate ot potash of high grade, and
about 100 pounds of an average su
Thkbk is no such thing as wearing
land out under proper management,
and the larger the crops we grow, the
better condition we leave the land in
for the succeeding crops- Eg
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