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' ■■ % ■J? 35s TRIBUNE. SOUTHERN f a < TRUE 'IRTUE CANNOT EXIST WHERE POMP AND PARADE ARE THE GOVERNING P.ASSIONS ; IT CAN ONLY DWELL WITH TflE PEOPLE._ Andrew Jack ton. ■ • PONTOTOC MISSISSIPPI, WEDNESDAY JULY 22,1846. DUMBER 24. VOLUME 2 I \V. w. LELAND, proprietor and publisher UflgLiigtlLSa Th# *'Southbrn Tatsuwa" is published .iTiv »I •-» » y ear when paid in advaoc sflfthe end of ai* monin*. and *5 if not paid » .'A,, expiration of the year. «■ be feceived foripsn , . tlun si* months, ftr which t* wdl 4 ad hat inoanably required to be P *'r"ll*?i**""»* permitting their papers to be ,nned to them after the penod for which they "ibed »hall have expired, will be held res though they had ordered the paper THE iu uf to the and Welt one ea ,n< nible. at T Uv°"t«""ne»'» containing twelve line, or . inserted for One Dollar, and fifty cent, for "ihae ,uent insertion. The number of m * " „„.„lired must be marked on the adver F , otherwise they will be continued ua re out, and charged for accordingly— 4 I, .lute nents from a distance mu.l he acrom , Jwith the cash,or a.attalaclorvreferance C *#tiefotof» personal nature, whenever ad ,, I „ul ho eh vr*ed at the; rale n( mi,,e ]. e lines for ea«ti Insertion. Pohlicat cir pT i T.tr ouMic addresses, for - he benefit of in 5,., foal» or companies. will be charged a. ad vertisements. and at the same rates. FOR OFFICE a* to ; than of that ver the mg ihit that a for I he ANNOUNCEMENTS rrFo- announcing candidates lor State or Æ office. #10 will be charged-for C ounty °" ce,# ie%RLY ADVERTISING. On yearlv a lvertisemeuls a very liberal dts C Tnl ÂVoVînnn.l ad vert,sers., .limited to 1 'ieir own immeliat# business, and all adver loements for the benefit ol ether perm*, «eut by them, must be paid for by the square. ArruaT at L >ui*villb. — 4 correspon dent writing from Louisville, Ky., under date ol 20m inst., afo'es lhal on that eve disgraceful affray took pi of the Gall House in tha' of volunteers and mug a moil in I lie bar-room cny. beiwien a company a number ol gamblers, llowoe knives were drawn and used with terrible effect, one ot the gambler* having b en wound-d in the side m such a manner that pa t of his bow Several others wore wounded in a greater or less degree, ami alter being Im au II off* the gambler« « rslly *u(l bring og iheir pis'ols into use, when G a. Wu 4, Who waa -wing in tho next room, eating hi* topper, being apprised or the affray, jumped up e»d succeeded in pur.ti. Jmg 'he vulun.eers not to hre and to withdraw. The offruv lasted about twenty minute., and was, according to our correspondent s description, a feanul oM.—Pkii. U. S Gat els tell out. were lia MYSTERIOUS, AND PERHAPS IM POR PANT. ting old An eminent commercial houæ of this eiiy.ha* reoeived lastrwctiuos lo charter » vessel, either for Vera Crux or Tampico, fur the purpose of conveying thither a gen tenure who has recently arrived at the North, from England, together with lour Th* letter to that efh-ci, been exhibited to us. state* that hm having powerful rea the Havana route, appll ui Washington, lor -Mexico unmoles companions, which haa L the party »n question son* for »voiding ed to our Government, permission to proceed to led, and to charier • v -si«l wth that view »I New Orleans. Tb- request wa« nol on ly granted, but instruction* h»** been for •varied U> Commodore Column In laciliiate the object nl the travellers, by iran-terring board an Enghsh man-ol wsr, from whence they can be easily land, d m et I her of ihe above mentioned places, â ne vessel will bo ready lo leave by the J*t ol July. The gentleman in question I* a near re laiive ol the Mettcan Amka««»'I>* r in L-m d.m, and i« waning, probably 'or de«p*iche* by the Caledonia aieam-r, now due. Hi* movement* may have aome connection with ihe existing efoie of affair* in .Mexico, nil events, the inference ,« not improbable N. O. Com. Timet. in • th.m <>n : A> THE FEMALE HEART. There is nothing under heaven ao deli cioua aa the possession ol pure, Ireah mi mu-able aHecitoo. The most felicitous mo nient of man's life, the most ecstatic ol all hia emotion* aud sympathie#, which he receive* an avowal of aff-emut from the idol of hi« heart. 1 he spring* ot Mwf, when in their youthful puniy, fountain* of unsealed aud gushing lender ne**— the spell that at once draws them forth ia the mys'lc light ofluture years anJ undying merv.ory. Nothing in tile ia an pure and devoted «a a woman'# love. It rnauers not, whether it be for a husband, child or si-ler, or brother it ia the same *pur« unquenchable flame, the same slant and immaculate glow of feeling, whose undeniable touchstone ia trial, give her one token of love one kind word, onagenrle'ook.eveo ifjt be amid désola Hun sod death—the feeling* of that faith ful heart will gu»h forth ns a torrent, in d* spite of earthly bond or mercenary lie. More priceless than the gems of Goleonda, ia the female heart; and more devoted than th* idolatry of Mecca i* woman'* love. There is no sordid view or qualifying ælf interest ia the feeling. U ta a principle and characteristic of her nature, a faculty aod infatuation which absorb« and concen trate« all the fervor of her aoul, and a'l ihe depths of ber bœom. I would raiher b* the idol of one oosullmd and unpractised heart, than the monnteh of empire*. I ! would rather po*«esa th* immaculate and impassioned devotion of one higheoulm nod en i busies'ic female, than Ihe ayeo phantio fawnin g of mtHton*. Gia* them to ua.—The Philadelphia L* i. dger call# for the name* of ihe "Privates killed aod wounded on 'b* Rto Gra nde - We second the call- The country deatrea t to know them of i ia -lhat in «r. or by coo Do but to on . I i Southern Tribune. we on of WEDNESDAY. -July 22, 1846. THE HON. ABBOTT LAWRENCE AND THE TARIFF. This Prince of manufacturers has au thorised the publication, for dissemination iu the South and West, of twenty thousand copies of Mr. Stewart's late speech in favor uf a ProiectiveTar:ff, directing I he printer to draw on him for th« whole expense of the same. His object in this great out- lay is to conciliate this section olThe country to the protective policy. Let ua look into thia movement a little and see what it indicates. In the Presidential campaign of 1840, as Welt as that of'44, among the many absurd arguments in favor of this poliey, there was one thaï a' way a struck ua aa superlatively unreasonable and inconsistent. It was this:—"That impost duties made goods ac> tually cheaper—that when we had a high tariff we always got goods at lower rates than when it was low, or nothing at all.'' It seems to have been reserved to the whigs of those periods to discern what Sir Isaac Newton, and all the great Mathematicians that preceded or come after him, had ne ver thought of— lhai to addtoa number or amount, did realty diminish it! To the farmet they argued that by en couraging capitalists in making inve siinents in tnanufacluring, ar.d in creasing the amount nf labor in the country, a larger market, and con »<-q-i**ntly, higher pricea would be had for the produce of their forms—(hat by divert mg the attention ol a great number of the mhabilama Irom aunruliural pursuits in ihit way, there would be less produced, snd that too, would have a tendency to enhance To'he mechanic they said, I ha' a policy of ihit kind would open the way for labor and give employ ment te the thou -ands who were comparatively idle from I he general depression under wihich every branch of mechanical pursuits wasth*n la s lia v .lue. boring. Their classical and very fascina ting version of this argument, or rather promise, was—"two dollars a day and roes: tH-el." To ihe merchant they argued, that by manufacturing at home, ao they might get iheir goods, to a great extent, without im porting, they would avoid the loss of the heavy foreign exchange* which, under the old system they had been paying, with many others, were the fallacious nr gomenis, connected with many contingent circumstances, operating at the time, the mind* of the people, by » m ne ol Th' se, Mat powerfully on which the tariff party aucceeded, in 1840 in getting a lull control in both house* ol Congress, and in selecting iheir own choice. Bnt now let us examine what has been • he result of that success, and how they have proven to tbe country, the truth ol this section of their political creed. They had full F-''* er in ev, * r y brBncS of National Legislature, and in the ex*r ciseofit, they saddled upon th« country the benefits from whitfh. a President ol : lu A> very aystem, the^rcat they had in their struggle for power ao equivocally predicted. In 1842 they enacted their tariff law. un all ot an It ihe b* I and ayeo L* - raising the dutie# to an enormous «mount, never before known in the history of our government—so high, in fact, on many ncles ea to amount loan actual prohibition of their importation. The consideration is extraneous to our object at thia time, or wa could ahow that i hase rate# of dutie* are a groat aod ahame. in ar* leas violation of the compromise net, in ac cordance with which nil subsequent tariff. urged to be graduated. AU this * of the bill, but it had ao waa were by the opponents effect. They were in the minority and had to submit- , Immediately after tbn consummation of this great fovorito measure, rich capitalists unlocking their boaided treasures, and expending them in erecting, Unit stream that could turn a see Ihe on every wbeel, manufactories, in every part of the manufacturing distr.cta. Every creek of literally etudded was sufficient at*", with them; and thus they went into opera tion, under the partial and foaienog care of the government, in every way «• they had desired;'and coosequnutly tha country whom their •altering pnt m*d«, most reasonably benefits that they —Ihe voter«, to mises had been looked for the gf«*» had promised should accroe to t the adoption of • uc b • .*>'* ,r,n1 - lises lulfitled. sed tteir IB on try, But were those promises expectations realised? We will see: I» '**> *°° n P** «age of the tariff act, we happened to be travelling in the State, of New York and Massachusi-ttes; and in reference to this cardinal policy of the whig administration, we took pains to gather some information on the subject of labor, dec., as connected with manufacturing—and the relative price of goods. We made dilltgem inquiry, and tound that the wsges of mechanics, or ol lactory hands, bad not increased in any per ceptabl« degree. Rut this measure wa, oston ssbly adopted tor the go >d of the whole coun try, said its fabnca'O's; and we appeal to the experience and memory, of every one in this country, i( it had the slightest tendency either to revive business, or to enhance the price ol labor with us? That it did not every one is aware* then, the tariff promise« to the mechanics fell through. But how has it affected the farmer? In the yeara of '40, '41 and '42, the average price of flour, in the Eastern States, was something like $3 a barrel, and it did not rise in the four aucceeding years. A'otc it is $4. In the Western States, during the tormer period, i: averaged about 84,—note good flour it selling at Cincinnati, at 8 -, 60. A larther examination of the effects of this policy, would present developements of a still more alarming character; but wo have not apace to investigate them* The Hon. Mr. Stewart of Pennsylvania, whose speech it is, that, by this extraordin ary mode of distributing the speeches ot members of Congress, is to be sent forth upon the South and West, declares anew the shameless, inconsistent and abominable doctrine, that high duties make cheap goods. This doctrine is too grossly and palpably irrational, not to say actually »il ly, to merit a serious argument in it* re filiation. The commonest mind can see its sophistry—no, not sophistry, for that is a term too high for it—its utter want of reason and consistency. But these are the arguments, and this the force of reasoning sought to be palmed up on the South, through the open and avow > d pecuniary agency of Mr. Lawrence, We'apprehend but little injury to free trado prmciples, or to mere revenuo duties, how. 1 ne y win s * and oughi to have, about the same effect, as did the late paper missiles sent into Gen. Taylur's camp, by the Mexioan General, induce our soldiers to desert—that is, to to the iu by t I ever from ttserr otrsemmatrrm. to exciie the supreme contempt of thote amoog whom they are sent. As to its effect upon the prices:—In the latter pan of'4I, good heavy bodied, four fabrics, sold in New York quarter coiloo for four cent* per yard at whole aale . —Mote they are worth Irom eixto eight cents; and add that all other coilou stuff* of a ol ol of we moj coarse in an equal proportion; and nil, too, uoder the influence ol lhat policy, which waa to make goods cheaper—labor higher, and the produce of ihe farmer worth more. To prove that protection was not needed manufactories, at the fabric, have risen aince lhat period ol i our in sustaining have but to advert to tbe ume, nr now, we notorious fact, that great qugniiiiea goods, during the last few Ol co«rte cotton year», have been exported, notnnly to *a manufacturing count rie* *n th# con to England hereelf, the very boss competition, the •ought lo guard ua. glowing'» expoaea tbe the country nous tinent, but country againat w protective policy i< And what more hard .hip» of this ayatem upon _upon the buyers and consumera good* here, is the equally notonou* that when they ar* taken abroad, they are sold for Itu than wa have to pay lor them at bom«. Thia most eoneluaively »hows the uojuet burthen» the people ere forced and, at the fact. to bear, under this ayatem; •im* time, th" enormous aod exclusive be nefits tltal accrue to the«« privileged mo nopolUta To nxpese the glaring error» of thia ay* tem, and the folacy of the argument» in labored effort of of a support of it. require* reasoning, or no long catalogue of abstruse To i boas who«* minds ere he inculcation of truth, aod whose patriotism ia unencumbered with overbal ancing interest*, or the tramela of* blind party X*«l, but few word« are convince them of the unmnsonablenesa of the eanertioo, toaddlo a thing realty di the merchant d-duction». ree to I of needed to mioishes it—that the more ms to give for his goods, tho lew he can afford to lake for them. We will notice another mode of reason ing resorted to by tho*« te-iff beneficiaries in support of it. They «ay tb«y "«at P~ tection—that they must be sheltered from competttioe; snd against tbie, thgy Now if, as - IB foreign »sry, the tariff will guard them. » re its a of dound to hit pecuniary benefit? Are we to suppoea Irom this that be ta more patriotic •there? Why did not eome rich for _ er ,j 0 ,h e same, if this tarifTia to benefit s * *J| »nt#.? Why did not son» wealthy me c hanic do, it who, under the beneficial in to they tell the people, a high tariff will make goods cheaper to them, how will it afford protection? Why, they should be the first to oppose a law of this kind, for two very important reasons: First, because it com pels them to take less for their goods; snd secondly, because it raises the price of la bor. The truth is, their assertions, aa to the effects of high duties, ars utterly false iu point of fact: and the inferences drawn by them from such positions, are unreason able, and inconsistent, not to say really foolish; and they have gained ground more from their boldness, and unblushing absur dity, than any thing else. That the pri cea of merchandise, subject to import du t es, have fluctuated, at different times, even under encumbering excise laws, no one d ■ nies; nor that they have been known to le cheaper, under the imposition of higher ta riffs, than under previous lower ones, but we must look to of her causes for these ef. fects than the increase of duties; for no one will doubt but that those very articles would have been still cheaper, had the ta riff* been less. The effect is attributed to I he wrong cause. Whenever we are called upon to carry out any particular measure, by men whose interests would be advanced by ourenmpli ance, we very reasonably suspect their motives, mistrust their arguments and doubt their assertions. The movers and supporters ol the tariff system occupy thaï position towards us; and that it is their in terest to sustain the system, wo have only to look to the princely fortuites they ha** amassed under its influences. The cir cumstance that elicited these remarks is another proof of the öwy - vote rest of the manufacturers; for can may rational man suppose that Mr. Lawrence would have undertaken to distribute these twenty thousand copies of Mr. Stewart's speech, had he not considered that such a dissemination of anti-free trade • ia cy in of doctrines, would further his cause and re fluence* of ibis protective system, had got rich on Ihe "two dollars a day," and fat lened on the 'Tonst beef?" No. no; it is the great manufacturer that feel* interested in this matter. He who has battened by the system—who scarcely knows the extent of hia own wealth—who goe* "clotbed in purple and fine linen, and fare* sumptuously every day." And Abbott Lawrence ia one ol them; and well be said, that "Solomon in not njrayed like a it may all hia glory waa one of these." Then should we not sus pect their patriotism, and doubt the aincer i y of those axaeftion*, and the reputed ben efits flowing to the people from iheir adop hen common sense; and th* ex peri of every day, go to disprove them? non, w enee Let ua look te result», and noi oe misled by iheir fair promise* and enductiva words. Then a* we said before, we foresee but little danger to free trad# principles, in these great and growing sections of the country, from this movement. The 8outh and West know end appreciate their interest* too well be influenced by it. They understand ihe simple rule* of addition and aubtrne We are to wall to be muled by if. non too .ware lhat thia ia • d«««»» «ruggl« on the part of protection; and wa do not wonder that the • um * of » ooe y iu boo* 601 «* rioe hava accumulated by it, are to be brought into requisition to prolong, and if possible, perpetual# it« existence. I> •ill be a long lune ere the fortffxealou. Bostonian will realise the return of a bun« dred fold, from the bread he haa :bua caat upon tbe waters of the South and Weal. Nor need ha be aurpriaad at th* death throe* that ar* convulsing hia favorite policy-e po Itcy lhat haa fillad hi» coffvrs to repletion. Protection ia doomed to go down; and ao specie* of legialaiion that has a of of is every tendency to enrich th# fow^ to the iropover ishmeot of the many. The day will come —must come, when it will cease. It may be soon—it may be late; but it "W ill coo»*—that great - When Pnom's host and Prtam s self abaft faff It must give way before that great irres tstabfe influence of liberal principle*" aod lhat appréciation ofjuatioe and equal making suck rapid to SI.lI as rights, that are now •dvsnoos in tbe art at législation. Free trade must triompb—it bn* already trium phed in England; and •• might as well at of tbe sun, tempt to arrest the prog Which first shiaes upon that country, and to for me in to in cir is the man have that trade prevent its rays from reaching this conti\ uent, as to attempt to keep these princi ples of justics and equality, from finding • heir way to this country. Their march ia onward; sod can we suppose, that after ih»y hsv# nobly triumphed over the com bined resistance of all the landed aristuca. cy of that country, they will not triumph in this? The oppressed of England have united, and with one great effort, have thrown off* their burdens; and shall ws du less for the monopoly ridden ol this coun try? Ur is our aristocracy more powerful than theirs? or havs they riveted the chains of unrighteous and unequal legialaiion so tightly upon us, that we cannot break them asunder and < a-t them off; We will see. ter talk is Th« following eommunicationt have been handed us for publication: House op Represe.vtivbs, • J July 6, 1846. $ Th* resolutions adopted by tha Pontotoc Dragoons in relation to the requisition of the President of the United States, upon the Governor of the State ol Mississippi, which ynu enslosed to the Del elation, were ouly received and promptly laid betöre the President; and your feelings and wishes, as (herein expressed, were ur ged upon his consideration. Enclosed we «end you ihe reply of the Secretary of War on I ehalf ol the President: We all regret the disappointment of the Dragoons. We know and appreciate your excellent discipline and your individual courage and .we feel the utmost confidence that you would have done service which would have reflected honor on yourselves and our beloved State: and whenever the occasion arises, we shall pledge you as ready to enter the service of your country and gallantly avenge her wrongs aod chas tise her enemies. I J. THOMPSON, S. ADAMS, On behalf of the delegation, To Capt. J. H Miller, Wm. Thompson, R. W. Edmondson, G. R. Freeman, W. H. Kilpatrick, J. L. Doxcy. Wax Depahtweixt, > June 27, 1846. $ Gr*«.***!«.— 'The President haa refer red lo ■ his Department a preamble and re« solutions of.the Pontotoc Dragoons, presu med to have been aubmiited by you to him, as one of the resolutions requested you to do so. The. orearnbte.and resolutions express the opinion, that in th« appointment ol :be volunteer force, great injustice was dune to -Mississippi, by assigning to that Stale so small a nimb*r, and no part of that num ber to be mounted and 'hey also manifest great disappoiniment, on I la part of the Dra goons, that, in consequence of these circum stances, they are exrlud d fromihe service. Both tho President and Ibis Department highly appreciate the patriotic tastings manifested by Ihe Diagnona, and sinotre |y regret their disappoiniment. In appor tioning the volunteer* among the States ihe President, acting upon Ihe limited informa tion in his possession, endeavored lo avoid injustice to any ol the Slates. Ha h*d as high an appreciation of ihe patriotism of the citizens of Mississippi and of their seal and readiness to serve their country, as of the citizens of any other State*, and did he arrangement* that have been made ad mit of it. the President would cheerfully enlarge the requisition upon Mississippi, that the Ponio'oc Dragoons and other Patriotic ciiiaena who hava been disappoint ed, could have an opportunity of entering ihe aervice. but a* the quota called into ac tive service, and tho»« required lo be enrol led in the deflerem States, to be held in readme**, very nearly equal th* umber authorised by Congress, and those called into aervice are as many as the exigency requires, the President would not be justi fied in yielding to bis inclination to call for a greater number then he he# from Missis si pp». Permit me the liberty ot requesting ibai veu will be good enough to communicate ibis answer lo the Pontotoc Dragoons. W. L. MARCY, Sec'y of War. * To the Mississippi Delegation in Coo re got fat that who in I ol ol «* be I> ao a g re a*. MAGNETIC TELEGRAPH. The following extreordinery dramatic scene we will venture to a*y, haa never had iu parallel oa this earth, and it tbe legiti mate offspring of that atrange invention, the magnetic telegraph.) an invention to which the public attention at thia moment is so much and ao universally attracted. On Saturday evening last, June 6, Pro feasor Mers«, the inventor and superinten dent of the magnetic telegraph, and his aa ststant, .Mr. Vail, in their office at Wash New York, of no less than 260 The better to understand the aio re tl, region to mile*- ■ gulariiy of the scree we are about lo re e„rd, the reader must imagine four individ ual*, one at the office in Washington, oqp at Baltimore. 40 note* diataat, one at Phil adelpbia, 108 foil«* farther, and ooe at New York, (or raiher Jeraey City oppo site New York,) 112 mil«« farther. Th télégraphié line passes through the instru ments at the office* of each of the«« places, and a communication despatched from any one i* wfitteo and uoderrtood instantly at , We shall de*ign*te the op by the name*of theplsceeat which - at alt the others. ernten they are stationed: Washington—Baltimore, are yon neetioa with Philadelphia? Batumore.— Yen. and Wash.—Put me in connexion with Phil adelphia. Balt.—Ay, ay, sir; wait a minute. (Af ter a pause.) Go ahead. You can now talk with Philadelphia. Wash.—How do you do, Philadelphia? Phila.—Pretty well. Is that you, Wash ington? Wash.—Ay, ay; are you connected with New York? Phil*.—Yes. Wash.—Put mo in connexion with N. York. Phila.—Ay, ay; wait a minute. (After a pause.) Go ahead. Now for it. Wash —New York, how are you? (New York does not answer.) Phila.—Hallo, New York, Washington is talking to you. Don't you bear him? Why don't you answer? N. York—I don't get anythiog from him. Wash.—I get the* from New York. Phila.—New York, Washington says he gets that from you. Balt.—How is it that Washington hears from New York# and New York does not hear from Washington? Phils.—There's where I am floored. Bali.—What ia the reason, Washington? Wash.—Because New York haa not pro perly adjusted his magnet. Phila.—I have been hard at work all feel like bricks. Had no supper. . •.here day. I have had a stiff* evening's work; have been so many messages to-night—one alone that gave us seventeen dollars. 1 want to go. Wash.—Wait a little. Ball—Go it ye cripples. ^ ' Phila.—Who ia writing? Wash.—Don't talk all at <»«"»• Balt.—Mary Roger« * case, so Sally Tb'* n P* on 5 Gen. JaoM°n » hoaa, *> * ra Col Johnson. Phil»._Who it that? I will discuss that are p.nt. Baltimore, keep quiet. Philadelphi, tell Sew New York to ask me to write dots, (that is, to adjust his magnet.) ' Phila.—A v, ay, air; wait a little. New York, ask Washington In writ* dota. N. York.—Ay, ay. Washington, write dots. (Washington begins to writ* dots.) That's it; O. K. Now I have got you; go ahead. Wash.—Do you now get what I send H. re« to :be to so you! N. York.—Ay, ay. Wash.—Did you get Prof. Morse's mes sage for his daughter? N. York.—Yes, Irom Philadelphia; but it is too late to send it over the rrv«r to nigh*. I am all alone; the two boys are goo*. Wash.—Very well; no matter. Balt.—Good night; I'm going. Wash.—Good night alt. Phil*.—Good night. N- York.—Good night. • And so end* this curious scene; not an imaginary one, hut one of actual occurrence. Let any one reflect upon the fact, that all these questions and aoswers occurred in a space ef time but a very little longer than that.in which this unique drama haa been rdated. LATE FROM MEXICO. The follo-ing ia copied from a late New Orleans paper: 'Although we ha«* now received intelli of Hava.* »nd of Tampico, almouth, that Paredes would gence by way and by the Fi certainty take the command oGh« army in person, yet there waa an irapreasi.^ preva lent among men of sagacity in VeratJtux, when the Falmouth left, that he would nov and could not venture to leave the city of Mexico during the present session of Con gress. It is said that nearly one half of ihe country is in open revolt, received here n fortnight since, of the re volt at Mazatlan, is confirmed, and aa we I hen anticipated, Sonora is now in n stats of rebellion agtiost tbe central government. So ripe for the revolution ia the Depart ment of Vera Crua, that upon ihe departure ofth# Falmouth it was said there »ere 1500 men outtida the city of Vera Crua, ready to attack it at soy moment, upon the signal being given. Some of the gun* hsd actually been removed from the Castle ol San Juan de Ulloa, and placed around tbe city for ita defence, and troop« had been withdrawn from the Castle for the sime purpose. The imellqieoee received irom Tatrfpieo on Sunday show* how that city w*a rent by internal dissensions, and considering the deplorable efofo of :ba country, in every quarter and under every aspect, it would by no means surprise us were Paredes compelled to forego his cher ished purpose of placing himselfat th* heed ol the Mexican army. But suppose he C*r The news re Bu: suppoae he Car rie* ihi* resolution into effect, what better ate awaits him at lb# hand* of Geo. Tay lor aod our troop«? Truly his chance* from every point of view appear desperate. To illire'rete the treachery of Gen. Atverex inwards Paredes, the «tory is emulated at Vara Crux, that th* former, who had com msnd or the force« at Afssattao, wa* «up plied with 81.500.000 with which to act «gainst ihe Americas squadron in the Pa cifie. No aooner had Alvarea obfotoed tl, a fund* than he pronounced «*•••** P"'* Je», kept «II the money, and even add tbe cannon in th* for*. The decree of the Mexican gover nment for the exputaion of American qiù*««* t* •ued on lb* lT.h ultimo, ha. bee« enforced *t Tampico, aod many were oowspataad t" Inns, re h«*l*, l««vi«* property#geo* • 0<1 i f families hshiad them.' B* just before y eu «re gaesruue P 4S»>£.'