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Southern tribune. (Pontotoc, Miss.) 1842-18??, August 05, 1846, Image 1

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TRUE VIRTUE CANNOT EXIST WHERE POMP AND PARADE ARE THE GOVERNING
PASSIONS; IT CAN ONLY DWELL WITH THE PEOPLE .-Andrew Jackton.
NUMBER 26.
PONTOTOC MISSISSIPPI, WEDNESDAY, AUGUSTS. 1816.
VOLUME 2
W. w. LELAND,
PROPRIETOR and publisher
tfti ÄÜM3.
Southern Tribuns" it published
The
„eekly at gJ a year when paid in advance—
,, al the enJ of six months, and #i if not paid
ull the expiration pf the year.
V I .uhicnptioo will be received for a peri-
0 j ,,f ie*s than *ix months, fer which l'a will
be o'lsrgoL an.1 hat invariably required to be
px.d io advance. * .
-X Ml persons permitting their papers to be
co,tined to them after the period for which they
oribed shall have expired, will be held res- I
i*ible. at though they had ordered the paper 1
he continued.
rf \ IrartiseroentS containing twelve lines or
, inierted fnr One Dollar, aod fifty cent, fur
.,<jh subsequent insertion. The number of in
ii'ina required, must be marked on Ihe advar
n-nis, otherwise they Will hs continued an
rwderad out, aod cTftrsrd for accordingly.—
, Z ..usemewls from a distance must be »com
„,-dwilb the cash, or a satislaclorv reference
®'articles *>f * personal nature, whenever ad
wilt He chsrged at the rate of *2 for eve
?- ...iva lines for aaoh insertion. Political cir
„ ,.- rl ,, r public addresses, for >he benefit of in
a,.Musis or companies, will be charged as ad
vcrlisemrul*' »«J " «*• "•"«
m
ti
announcements for office
v-rPo' annourtcing candidates lor State or
District offices |10 will be chsrged—for County
oScC ' # veARLY ADVERTISING.
Oa yearly advertisements a very liberal dia
mrri will be made. .... .
* The privilege of annual advertisers,!* limited
to their owe immédiat« busmeas, and all adver
tisarnents for the benefit ol other persons, seul
them, most be paid for by the squaie.
for
LATE FROM TUB ARM Y.
Tha following taiakeufrom the Memphis
j^yat ul tha ïjtilt.
By the arrival at New Orleans of the J««
L. D«y on ih« IHth mat., we have uews Irom
the army to the 12th.
Tire Rev. IMra.ru. McElroy and Rey hud
arrived at Matamores. The Matainuras flag
ol the 12th, says:
-Tk* rewrend genllemen appointed by
ol the United State* vs Chap
the president
Lius lor th« soldiers professing the KOWaM
Catholic religion, McEtroy and Key, arr
ved here on the nth mat. in me steamboat
Troy from Point Label,
ofihane gentilemeo by the President mu*i
go tar to reimive the uiiiouuded opinion pre
sbl-ni in Mexico, that the government ol
the U. States ia hostile to the Catholic reli
g «un, and that this war i* waged in part
•gainst tho religion protested by the Me*
kaiis." ...
, There is a coflpncunication in ihe Hag
from a Mexican, urging on the Donner
Stalest» profit by the preaenwcrippi«*! con
cilium of .Mexico declerethemselvee indepen
dent. and petition the government of the U
H»tu receive ibem by an act ol annexation,
as she did Texas.
'The (allow mg extract which we make
from she correspondent of the IVha,
la na a full summary of the army
The 0 j polio mi in
■ ■
io
G«n. Taylor ia «Hill at Matamoraa— has
about 15,000 troops in nil, nome are sta
tioned at Point Isabel, Bra.os f*. J«g<>.
Barrila, and the largest portion, probably
two thirds his wleile force, at Matamoraa:
a amall number ie at Rnnosa, a abort dia
tance above Matamoraa.
Tha General would har* commenced hia
advance upeu Monterey at this lime, had he
not have been «topp' d by an unlor*een -vc
currence; tb* Rio del Norte h«a rtaen and
to arrest all
overflowed the country, eo •»
movements forth« present:the whole
Ry is inundated; the wagon train c«nn..t
pas* between Psink Isabel and Matamora-.
The walls, or ratifier ranypart», ol Fort
Brown, are now lived by the water« ol
the Km Grand«, Mm w hose bmks, but a
few day««mqe, they were some three hun
dr«d lent removed. Gen. Smith a camp
is all «fl ret, aod the poor volunteer« are tu
it is with
sb ul Rom
coun
«i d water.
their chim, m iq^
great difficulty ymi
one camp
river.
Up to thi* time, tha health of the whole
Army haa beeo remarkably good; aud I
bo(ie it may coo' mue an.
Nothing ha* b«- n seen or heard of th«
mnvwraenu of the Mexican« »inoe the taking
at Ma<am-'r«a. 'The Country ha* been per
but* tranquil, end not a aotdujr wen- ha«
been taken by our annul*. Every thing is
tranquil nt proneni, und our A rmv perfectly
quiescent, Which il will be obliged to remain
for soma trete yet. The rise of ike Rio
Bravo generally take* pLce in the fall of
the year; but unfortunately for ua—like th
wrereroi Russia for Napoleon—the evil ha«
arrived before it* time.
can move
to another, oa either aide of the
Th*e embraces all the news here
at present ; and give« you ell that can be
•aid about our preaeut position aud move
manta." .
U nr»*Ti ;* rto. —The wife of one of the
j Louisville vutuateer* wa* much oppftved to
i ht* laaving hums, and to avoid the pain ol
I a farewell, he Wft h<ro»e without bidding
I bar good by. Soon after, ehe heard of
J hie deparyira^juid dropped dtwd oa tV
W. We «e« hv vtri Ki* feuer« that m»ny «•
4 gr.w* t»«' were taken to M tt vwirst with
* tha »rrev. here e«o»ped to the M -«ion«
Some'wf'ha »«Idtara here been d-ieci*J,u
ft «ai l, in forging them p«»»es Th« grant
tempt»'*oa* ta escape will be before ne.
— taken to Mexico, end our officer«
should take none net Wiv t mat worth y
The Mexican* have no prrjedioe« as to col
or or as»*«. A iragro io Mfere re •» g™«
a mao «« any. and the bulb of their Ropu
folton h» lire produce.at^.he? S» ! »gä «mtlig*
of Indians 8*£K» nod wb.Hre.-t,
i
I
met
tSMUion
Southern Tribune.
WEDNESDAY.
_August 5, ls46.
THE TALISMAN AND ODD FEL
LOWS' MAGAZINE.
foie ua carefully, and cdo apeak for it.
We have received th« lat, (July) num
ber of a magazine bearing the above title,
printed in Philadelphia and edited by Tbe
ophilu* Fisk; a gentleman whose literary
attainments are well known throughout the
country. We have reed the number be
\s a periodical for the promotion Of Polite
Literature th« inculcation of morals and the
dissemination of useful and entertaining
knowledge, we do not hesitate to eay the
Talisman is unsurpassed by any work of
the kind which has been placed on our ta
ble lor a tw. Ive month, In the numl er be
lure us use feature in particular, wb.ch
«licite our warmest commendation, ia the
just, healthy, manly taste displayed in the
selections ol its matter, in keepiug out all
those sickening, fulsome luve tale* we see
»■nt umbering so many of our popular mag
az nes. A reform in this respect, in all the
p'rmd,cult ol the day, ia loudly called for.
Tnare ara other readers in the country be
side* love eddied Misses who spend their
hours in ideal feasts of a vitiated intellectu
«I fancy—readers who prefer what wil
improve the mind, correct tho taste and
enlighten the judgment,—stimulate kindly
feeling and benevolent action; and leave
impressions on the mind that will repay re
collection: and this work, we think, will
conduce to that desirable end. We by no
means object to all light reading, when it
d'tes not militate against a manly and cor
rect taste; nor is reading of this kind neces
sarily frivolous and silly. It may I» gay
wit hont frivolity—light without being eff
mate or disgusting; and such we consider
ho character and tendency of this class of
reading in the Talisman.
Flntertaining the«« views, we cannot
too strongly recommend the work la eur
readers as one in every way worthy their
support and encouragement. We reoom
mend them to subsarib* t'of it. Wa have
not apace to speak oarticularly of the #ev
era! excellent pia:k* that comjjHse this
number; but we haa* appropriated into eur
columns a akort one from the pen of its
gifted Edi'or: which, for parity and justness
of sentiment, ita elegance and perspicuity
of diction, ie eminently cherecteri»ttc *'
• he productions of its distinguished author.
The terms on which ibis magazine is
published are most reasonable—just one
half the price of any periodical containing
the «am« amount of reading published in
the coutry —only one dollar a year, in ad
it ia issued monthly, in a neat and
hi
vance.
elegant style, on fine white paper, with
perfectly new type; and illustrated with
numerous splendid engraving*. Tha work
will constitute two volume* in th* year,
and all for ear dollar.
Letters containing subscription# must be
directed In Theophilue Fiek, No. 113
Cheatnut Street Philadelphia.
QUIZ'S GREY! DISCOVERY—MIN
UTE ACCOUNT HOW HE MADE
IT—HIS JOY AND "SOON:"
Mx. Tiiao»*:—The other dey in e
somewhat meditative mood—pondering, «*
,* m tch my habit, apoo matter« and thiog*
y; my thought*, et
sort of general w«
■a a
length, with pertinacious obatioacy fasten
aboli ionitm. The more
ed down upon
they became engaged with the fearful eub
reoi, »be more it loomed upon my exo ted
imsginatiuo, until it *tnod before me a hor
I became absulute
rid and rerific monster.
ly frightened.
A* was quite natural, in
I hastily cast about for some
such awful eir
remedy—for aome salvation—some blessed
fl-e, to save myself and coun
«soctusry to
too—so overflowing *•» my phtlentbro
pv oo thi« perilous occasioo, from the sav
I unlocked the door* of
age mon«ter.
and im aginaire'» —rumaged among
währe
memory
the ample megaareee stored away
the reorssea of my Cranium—in which, for
than half# century I had been in
•n >ra
du*tri'»«*ly employed in collecung and nr
r*ngtng, for tb« future use of my*elf *nd
posterity. But, etas' after a fetiguereg,
and lahorioO« eearch, I had to «et down
hnd tteesi
mm
ute
peck of trouble—my feb.r
la great perplexity. I askrd my
„«If.—What next?—I* ibex* no remedy?—
up in hopeless despair? —~
If and liufe children to be
m a
n vam.
Must we give
Yield up asyee
devoured by this hellish meuster. Ob!
I now racntleet, a liufe cupboard in an ob
I h%d »ever
«cure corner of my cranium,
opened w
tbets?
—who know* »• hat I rosy ftod
Full of txpectetio«, I snatched up
my key*—put on my raagnifyera—blew
my nese—put my olfactories in order—
touched up my »encitives—adjusted my au
neu lar,—in short, put all my inner aod
outward man completely on the qui ei er
and set out on the search. 1 had a eery
imperfect recollection of the locality •! th
I tile compartment. At length, in n remota
corner, dark and ubscura, I discovered a
very amall, nicely fitted, and handsomely
finished miniature door, and on it the in.
s -Option, "Ways and Means." The pro.
per key wa* at length applied to the Fairy
sort of lock. The door turned gracefully
upon its little hinges and beheld ila hidden
stores lav, patent, before our eager gaze.
What llfeu? Why neatly arranged oa ti
ny shelve, were packages, labeled in char
acters as fine as a ray of light. My mags
nil y er a were now in good stead.—Leaning
carefully forward, 1 read label after label—
so many subjects—so many unheard and
undreamed of plans, schemes and projects!
Thinks I to myself, ah! my precious little
treasure—magazine and store house ol
many blessings—many remedies for many
-ore evils incident to man! I wonder how
you came here—From whence came y e! I
hope for the time to come we will be better
acquainted—ye«, we will.
Well, I looked on and at length, what do
you think, my Tribhyî 1 discovered a
neat littfo package, with golden character,
lud on by seme Fairy pencil, the word
"Abolitionism!!" My «oui and body! My
heart latched one bounce—l felt a mighty
crash—I thought it was gone, clean away
and hud Curried one whole broadside of
ribs and all, along with it. I sunk down
and lay as siili as death. After sometime,
ascertaining I »as not dead, but only "kilt
niirely," I gradually advanced my right
hand to the 'pulse place' on my left wrist;
not a beat—held on to the place—felt a
-mall quivering motion—a stroke a little
more distinct—ah! another, still better de
fined—better and stronger yet. In short
ii a lew minuit», u recovered (be same bold
hearty and vigorous thumps as ever. 'I he
search was resumed—took down the pack
age-opened it— rmd and read on.—What
.« multitude of projects, planj and sc!.ernes
upon the suhject! Some pa lia ive— some
radical cures.—Something about Liberia—
Jefferson and public land—some almost io
visible traces, appearing to be made more
recently about Oregon—separata nation—
Mexico and amalgamation and sa on—but
all having some objectionable sign-or mark
lothein, briet but significative ol their worth.
• s
,Tba search so far unsatisfactory—
di.-couraged—about to give it up—la
again—at i glance Tftacovcree at th« entf
of the many project*, some evidently,
mai ks of strong approbation—three notes
of'admiration, strongly and boldly defiusd,
-uirrounJed with a halo, bright, shining and
radiani, like a Diamond in a dark room
I re»d it—bounced up, as if I had been
touched with « galvanic battery—bawled
out, 1 have got it! by jingo I have. Out f
went, running—jumping and cutting all
.orta of capers. Luckily oo one saw me—
would have pronounced me mad—for I wa*
an glad—ready to pep with joy!—Went lar
enough to let off aom>' steam—saw mv man
Fe I off if little diitanee hoeiâf eom»'hing
—fixed up my countenance at well a« t
Wall, Fed.
could; upon such short notice,
say* I, bow would you like to go to the
North and he free, end marry a white
wife?— I wnultF have said* abolition wife,
for that wa« what I meant—but l knew
Fed could not tell what sort ol thing an
abolition wri « was, so I said white wife,
that Fed might have an idea in some form
or shape, what the thing meant. Now, Mr.
Tribune, having made this explanation, iu
*oine sort necessary, it will be proper
to say, before I go farther, something about
mv man Fed. Now Fed is a fine speci
men of African beauties, tall, wôh a mus
cu ar, yet graceful form, aleek aod odorifer
ous; and to give grace and elogence to my
dmcriptioo, 1 would aay, black as polished
ebony and as supple looking as a bleck
make newly abed. Well, Fed, how would
\ ou like to go to tho North, be free aod
get a white wife? Fed w as silent, looked
very grave r od hoed on. It was e aort ol
left hander* and unexpected affair. I wood
bv, closely observing H»«v the Using would
After com« time, l discovered
Fed's mouth gradually unfolding itself—by
nimost imperceptible degree«—the tip« of
the upper row, glee mod forth like e thin
« 1 res k of day break.—At length iH the
curtains of lita mouth were withdrawn and
two bright and glittering raw« of polished
ivory stood out in Alto Relievo. While
this process was gmng on 1 observed some
pretty evident convulsions had seized on
hit tide*. I do believe, if he bad not re
strained them out of respect for me, th*y
would have burst forth in one violent ex
plosion of laughter. Well. Fed, bow ie it
now—are you willing? I b*li«ve I is sir—
accompanied with a marvellous expansion
of mouth. WeK. Pod, FU #en about it—I
Iked off, oat of »tght, but not of hearing.
Well, thinks I, the thingV settled— the
greatest difficulty ia eurfoounted ,—Fed il
willing —and if fed consent*, all will gife
in—they are all alike. I have no doubt
now, of ihe sueceas of tho wonderful discs
very—yet it does not **em so very
derfol, either, as a dtacoverv,
tn roe, inhere is aov woodeNa
sine««—the wonder ought to he, that it hi*
not been found out long ago-r** *• *° pi*)®
aod «impfe.
Well, Mr. Editor, the greet discovery is,
reorder to get rU'of our slaves, chi the
vary first of finest term«—to proclaim to
•hw ' 'n - *• ' "■*
eoneent to gtea f*«ff *JS, and *4« witliBf,
V» ork.
wa
for it »ee re»
bout the
i
the tiare» contenting, that the abolition
boy* marry our black gait and the aboli
'ton galt matr y our black bo ya!" There,
Mr. tribune, ihn« it u—but stop, one coo
dittoo only—"the parties must bo right
down suro enough married." This condi
tion seems almost superfluous, to insist
of such s merci ul, Christian gilied—fellow
loving people.
The females will, no doubt, be delighted
at the prospect of having our Southern at
traction* ail to thecnseive*. if we
**' ve **»y credence to their
>n
are to
own nrwspa
per«, in which we have read ol ibeir devn
led attentions, the affecting sympathies la
vished on such as have come among them
Now, Mr. Tribune, look at it all.
not a grand and comprehensive idea! See
what it will effW-t—lat. it »■,*>* s || , e «^
away from the eyfc* ul these tender hearted
and truly mercifcl abolitionists. Their
equally tender »varied and sympathising
daughters, will have the warmest affectum
of their souls gratified to the very core, by
having these beloved objects all to them
selves. 2nd. They will have the glory of
originating a new race of men, by the de
licate amalgamation of black and white,
producing the rich Mahogony color—-a
race whose hair will lie neither too long
nor too straight—skin* not too fair nor too
dark—but in all re*p»-cia a happy and har
monioua medium. ,Srd. Saving them the
trouble and expense of furpiyhiug them
(the blacks) with kmvea to efit our hard
hearted throats. One only thing i*
to be feared, which ia, that, alter they shall
have got all th> y cared fnr among ut. In
their own benevolent shores, they will care
so little for us unhappy whites that the-,
will not letua have an inch of cloth to ca
ver our nakedness—though we should be
willing to pay for ii.
I* it
QUIZ OF PONTOTOC.
a
he
J papers to the IS'h June. Pa-gengers by
I the Clyde state that it was the iment on of
Ith« U. S. squadion to at «efc San inan de
I Ulua on the lO.b July. The *c,imiIs at Sac
I rificio on th« lat were, th» frigates Comber
Land, Reman and Tutomac, jit gun- eaok:
'tRJaloop of war John .«dams, 20j brig Sourer*,
<o«r Mississippi, Si; sod moaur'r
From the N. Orleans Delta of the 19lh,
Laic Iront Mrilco!
The Havana paper, recei.ed
by ,h# H °!S .H 0 *?' ti T Jîîil'bf
news carne ere y t . ,. *
^rCly^wbtch bad arrtved l,mn^ f .
Cruz on the Oh ui«t. I he C. had op fimrd
$205,0041 and 44 passenger«. TherJpmuh
echooncr Flor de Llarfos, arrive* , w „ da vs
previously from Sscrificloakjnlh Veracius
its
»is
'«r
ly
ib«
lie
Prineeton, 7* The foreign m>*n of war ly.
ing (here at the same tim« were, the Span
jib frigate Christina, oloop-of wor Luisa
Fernando, and brig Hapanero; British trig
ale Kndymion, «doop.of war Ruse, and stea
io.
met Veauviua; French a'oop-ofiMeer La Pe
rogse and brig Mercure. Beside« these,
ihe commander of the Clyde aaya he saw
«ix large American vessel* ol war off Vera
Crux. The coy ua the 3t)ih ull., was de
clared to be under martial law.
The late«! date« Itorn the city of Mexico
ere to th« 20ih ult. Congress h»« declared
Gen. Paredes president of the Republic,
*od Get». Rrevo Vice President. Permi«
Lon had been grant* d by Congre»« to Gen.
Paredes to march at the head of the army
against the enemy, and Geo. Bravo was cal
I,*d to lake charge of the Pre-ideney: he left
Vera Crux on the 24th June for Mexico.—
Gens. Arista and Ampudia had been called
the capital: the tonner is to be tried fur
abandoning thecilf of Maiamoras, while he
had upwards ol 5000 troop« under hi* com
In co isequence ol thi« Ive had b«en
discharged from hi« command aacomman
der in chief of the army. 11« publishes a
long address to his fellow sold-er*. expre*
sing his regret for hi* misfortune*, and a*
Muring ib«m that hi« prayer« will b« offered
up to live God of Battle* for their victory
and success in every engagement which
ibey may barn with tb« common enemy.
Tbedpanish merchant brig Crciti*, Rom
Cadis, anchored at Lia VrrJe on lbc2l!lh
ult. She attempted to pass into Wra Crux
the Princeton fired a couple of Wank ahoi»
at her, as a noiica that she was uoi io b>
permitted to pa«s in: ahe disregarded ihem
A .honed gun w»alb»n fired, wk ch qwvoà
ly brought her helm «bout. She then **<« 0*1
tn." and the Princeton «ent a bowt on board,
when ahe was ordered U> go toward* lh* is
laud.
JR»®
'Q
■Mi
of
Ul
m
Gen. Parade# prôpoted to Coograawthai
reea-uresbe forthwith adopted lor tlw rais
ing of aeteral new regimenl«, both ofinfsn
try and navalry. The proposition was at
once carried into execution. O n. Parri s
to have felt ibe city of N>*xico ou the
3d io«t.,et the bead of the army of reserve
he total number of which i* trom 8,00ft to
10,000 writ.
Letten had been received et Ver»
Crua, elating that the California* Had
"pronounced" against the Mexican Govern
ment.
It we* eaid at Vers Cruz, oo the return
from Tampico of the B«iti»h «team'r, CI» d
that th« U. S. sloop ot'-wer St. Msrjf'sbef
opposed the Clyde taking tb" specie on
board; end on thi» actn>uot the British stea
user of war, Venuvtut left Vera Ciu* for
Tampico, in order to are what wa* the re«
for tins act, aod at the same time it we
expected that the Vesuvius would take the
#p*et* to Vera Crua. •
re
An Vice.—Go to etranger* for rh«rtt>
to acqusintance* for advice, and to re!«
uvea for—(or—fer, why, for just ot>;h jig
at *H, aof *bey wl oevor d..«npr»ow'
of
From the Democratic Review.
SOCIETY IN ENGLAND AND 1 HE
UNITED STATES.
We must unavoidably form an incorrect
judgment upon the gent ml aspect of En
glish aod American society, unless we
know the reasooa which cause a difference
in their respective customs, habt«, and
manners. A transient observt r, no mat
ter how great b'* geoiua, how classic ht*
pen, how b r I Irani his imagination; la- en
mg through a foreign country, with o»
standard on his «sind hut that of his own
nation, laya htild ol things at random, as
they are prewoted to hia vie*, and
without any clear conception of their fit
ness, and without tracing the effect to the
•-aoae, u apt to condemn and ridicwle what
bedo-wnot comprehend, i »hall endeavor
to place I he subject in such a clear point
• if view, that every Englishman may fevl
that he is right i.i believing that there is no
government in ihe world so .wisely adnpted
o promote kit interests and secure hi* hup.
tones* as hia own; and every American
•hat there is no government to well calcu
lated to guard ftii liberty, stcure hi* rights
consolidate ht» happiness as the one of hia
• hotce; und that Consequently the manner«,
habits, and customs of each are just such as
uoturallv flow from the respec i*e system«
of government, and although diverging tn
contrary directions trom a common centre,
-how, nevertheless, an equal justness and
limess. There is no solid ground for con
demnation, anil lass for ridicule; and there
fore, he who sda himself up as judge and
arbiter, and shapes his decrees by the ex
clusive standard of his own country, places
himsell in a false position, and deserves the
humiliation of seeing his judgment overru
led. Tot -e two fundsmental principles
b ong settled, all lh« ditTerences of national
character wilt be recognized no exactly ap
uiopriste to the system to which they be
11 mg, aod cannot be removed or taken
town wohout'destroyiog the Iran» work ol
•he

w
of
no
e
o
icr,
which
mind
of
war
bar
yaw#
A
lud
who
fie
was
baron
to
cation,
• he
ihe
quette
wail
io
events
i*
^ 114 •!—««* P"*>
consider, in the firs, place, .he
lierai mate of society in England, and
f . * t0 lhalof y olf 0 *' CuUBtry.
vs
fierhaps we shall be«t compass the end at
wbich we atm, illustrate our views by facta
sad the light of contrast, and bring out the
charartcmlic feature* ofboth.
In England the feudal system, that tre
mnatfuua military power, which, wi'h a rod
••firm», n-duced the ifeil.sb nation to a vast
army, and boid the population in th« moat
inexorable bondage, ia abolished. But th«
spirit t>f »fiat avaient ba all Ha roost essen
tial proper!ion* a* they bear upon modéra
society, still remain, la full vigor. Indeed,
the various classes of the community are
more distinctly marked off, and each as
signed to its specific rank, now, than ihey
were under the feudal system i'sefl*.
'In those re*i ue ages the mass of tha
iwopls of England were absolute slave»
captured in war, sold as bondsm-n, incapa :
ble of holding any property, subject to the
en'iro control of the barons in peace or war,
and transferable wnh the soil, precisely in
the same manner that Africans, or anv
•»her slaves, are at the present day. But
•merasting a* this subject is, and bearing
directly upon the point in band, it is not
■n| mien'ion to trace it through its auc
cessive melioration*, from its introduction
into England by Wifi,am the Conqueror to
its final abrogation at Kunnymeda. A
reference to tt only, a* aufoiluiing the be
»is on which the whole ffivuc ure of En
glish society rests, and a* affording a cl»«
'«r the developement of many trait« of
character and hab.ts of Ufa winch would
otherwise appear to an American «angular
ly abiu'd and incongruous, will b« suffi
But nor at'eotio* may well bé di
rected to the consideration of the tpirit '%f
ib« feudal system, entwining itsell around
every branch of society, and holding in one
•rompact body the cumponuut parts pf a
mighty nation.
The hereditary claims of birth, the de
Terence paui by every subject to his supe
fior m rank; and the promptitude with
whiee he take* aod oorupte* his appropn
lie station in the general aystem, all flow
cient.
troia the ^spait of feudalism, and ara per
eery agroeShfe to the mind, and congenial
with th« loaireg« at an hutglrehmao. ft
wilt be perceived that rank is Opt Confined
ihe nobility. Every individual in ihe
-mpire bolds rank—ie a peer in ^i* own
circle—and just aw tenacious to aamtaia it
if he sat upon the throne.
The crown, as head ol the monarchy,
and conservator ol ihe church, the crate
of power, the *ooree of emolument, and ih>
arbiter of honorable di*tinc*ioo. neceesar ly
claims the fir«t end only rank without a
neer_To be altana'ed trom tha crown i*
Ul be an outlaw, la the aye« of an English
m«n, everylktau that ia greet and glorious
«no venerable, cluster* arouod the name o'
m
• lew«
the
«
not
-um,
vi
iV«-e
ro«je«ty.
The hereditary nobility of the eoanfrv.'
be areet leaded proprietors of tha king
loro, ab* nog in th* edminiatmti.m of g<>
•eminent, aud cooaequeo'lv th* mu«t pro
ninent defender* of the throne, stand aex
re rank.
The taget profession, wheao» recroH«"
mu»l usually drawn to atrrajtb*n and
guraie the piwev of the O'dtih'y, and to
.apply th* defects of bine and irobecility.
nay boonsidavod, io Conjunction with the
-bureh «atah!t*hro*«t a* bald ng tb« third
rtotk re the sut»
The army, «•*>,• ad literary olesse* iL
founh.
The roereb*»'* and Hanker* Ihe fifth.
Th* mtuufactu«*'* h® »utb
The wceh'Miarmed swd whutaeefe de*!
• {jifil
Ink.
«
ulore
bed.
ara
UVI
• s *
•y
tt
.•rer*.
er* tkw «evemb.
tn
ap
be
ol
The shopkeepers, retail dealers and bro
kers the eigh h. *
The mechanic* aod master tradesmen
•he ninth.
The laborers, (agricultural, imnufac'u
ring, and ail other descriptions.) the tenth.
'These are the general division# of
F.nglish sacicly, wi:b shades of difference
and intermingling of contiguous classes, as
• ney exist at the present time in Great Brit,
am, and with some local distinctions, over
he face of Europe.
All ihese distinctive grades of society,
walled off, the one from the other, by com
mon consent, a re recognized in daily inter
course, and are more fully and more me
chanicaUy organized than they were when
the feudal systtm bore ita intolerably op
presiive hand upon the population of th«
country. Those accustomed to this ar'.sto
cratienl state of society fee! it neither grie
viNis nor degrading to yield submission to
•hose above, seeing they receive the same
homage from all below (hem.
Having pointed out this general' classifi
ai on as nearly as practicable without
pretending to perfect accuracy, but suffi
ciently near lor our purpose, we may di
rect our attention to Its consequences.
!t it true, no class is confin'd lo i s ap
propriât« orbit by anv physical force, but
there is a moral influence, ten thousand
imes stronger, that never cease« to act,
w hich binds the system in one Compact in
dissoluble union.
Born, educated, and marshalled under
such an influence, Americans cannot bo
surprised that Britons regard king, lord*
and commons as the perfection of govern
ment, and that '.bey proudly sustain it, in
dividually aod collectively, as the only
form Worthy of their support. Of coure«
hey must look upon every other form ae
weak and defective, incapable of upholding
and deiending the right« and privileges of
the subject, and the legitimate object of
their ridicule end contempt.
Under the active influence of such a
system, without the practical means of
judging of the effects of the supreme power
of the state lodged in Ihe hands of the peo
ple, and incapable of appreciating the ad
vantages of a delegated authority, is it not
just and reasonable to conclude that th*
government of England ia better adapted
t« the taste, humor, and affections of
Eng lahmen than any other! A free rep
• e-eif stive government, like our own.can
not exist in Baglaod. aod never did exist,
uor io any part of Europe to anv consid
erable extent. The middle and subordinate
classes of »ociety h*wi precisely tha
feelings of attachment to fbeir govecuwiis
and to the respective ranks in which ihey
more, as their superiors. The face of •so
ciety, under the rale of euch a system,
muet, in the nature of things, take its gen
eral features freyn the higher rank# of tho
ih« community, and not at all from the
humbler walks of life. The comparison,
ihsrefore, wb«o made it* reference to our
own country utterly foilo, Thera are no
pointa of similarity. The same standard
of measuiemeot cannot apply fo monarchist
republican mauoers, and the error lies in at
empimg to ombine principles which Hava
no affinity. I do not make these remarks with
e view of derogating io the «lightest d-greo
from thaï reciprocal homage duo from on*
British subject to another, nut to show tha
uicousis'eno« of that acrimonious spirit too
o Ian manifested upon both sides of the vra•
icr, the working of a system fundaments iy
different from our own, and the influer co
which that system must have upon the
mind and character of individuals, and of
counequeoce upon il» aspect of society.
No person in England, below the rank
of a pêer, presume* to boW familiar inter
course wit» a peer; it would be to carry
war into the entrenched camp of tha most
privileged order, a mi » break duwn the
harrier« of anwocratio society, 1 remem
bar a esae in point which occurred a faw
yaw# ago in ihe irergbborhood of London.
A friend of mine, • m« r nanu tu genlfemaa,
lud a book director, invited a co-director,
who happened lobe a baron to dine with him.
fie accepted (be invitatio«. When dinner
was announced, my friend reserved for tha
baron the honor of handing bis own lady .
to the dining room. 'Co baa signal mortifi
cation, the hmior was declined, upon th»
.•round that »he vaa nbt a titled lady, oud
• he baron bad ihe honor of walking int»
ihe (fining room by himself.
The baron acted agreeably fo Ihe eti
quette of court. But as he accepted a a
nvitattoo to dma with# commoner, it may
wail b« doubted whether he acted agraeablr
io the Miqwette of a gentleman. At all
events the incident serve* lo illustrât* my
of th"distinction ofraak.andtoahosr
.he
and
at
facta
the
tre
rod
vast
th«
are
as
:
sa mo
• lew«
the pertinacity with wh ch that. distinoMtffk
« maeiroed. Mv fnsnd, birneMf, woukl
not accept an inettauon to dine with df* *
radesman, nor would he, un ter any eir
-um, ms -er, invite a treJesmxa to dm» **
vi h hun. In fact he être nor. Tire cu*
In fact he dare not. The eua
of the enuatrv w.tl not adroit of it.
iV«-e h« tu inaka auch «a as»««U «tpowibw
rit el' ieu Jsiisra «ad tb* et *q-tt*U* of hie * 3
afeggini «land
• {jifil u< ivujii ist« «ii«
Ink. s'l.h'* Irtaadipji
« ri'J forsake Itim. They'wju' i con ».da
hemirives insult^, »*4 rrouMI deoiiae a

ulore invoatton.
The tame ptioetpl* of exofosfoa jgfft
through »H tb* vsrtou« reoï* 1 bar* «fwsi
bed. I Jo are wefot *r*!h at uofovretiag^-f
uniformity nfcver *o h* departed from,
gvaer«' by yrtucb Eagbmk t
• s * _
•y •* governed. 4jS3l|
üpoo *s«hhÄ ** Cbfuo»
tt anf other gala itf, it i*
Srds'of A* »oil Id ârêîte «heir v*
«eahlfif merchaosa, fceakarand '1|K|
.•rer*. rfreL eiarka
'Sm
i ,

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