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Vol. :i. i(iim:v, iississirii, aikjunt ;), ihi5. No. 40. Tan JIIM.EV .v. r. toiri), I'MOfKIIKiH A N M I'b l.'lll t R 'IUHMt Tli AnvikTiara llltm Imim'iI rry lllllfly f V Hllllirilliy,llt i fill, III MllvllD- Ineury iulHiiris N "iilm iillon will lip ri I'ii'vcil (or h lot iii flml f li it ii nt iniiiillii. A iivU'rutim mi will di i Lurit'il nt ()i ruin of nn iui i.r ii'f.iiiirii, jli ii liui' or fur tlm limt linerlioii, and filly refill fur moh rufif ltiiiitirnt Aiiiioiiih iiig rinnliliitei for niruifl ten furHtl iiimI five lnr Ciiiihtj . iimiriiitly in ndvunen. '1'lie CASH will Im required for nil Job work hIiph ilt livrreit tl.u iulo will be itrittly ob MTVPlli l.rtferi iti1rrd t thin oflicr Iiiimihh, iiiimt lin post paid, or llioy iiu'j;!it not liu ul teiiilcil to. f-A(lurli8eiucfiti should bo iimrkoJ with iho number ANTONK) LOPEZ DE SANTA ANNA, Noxl to Bolivar, thoro is no cno among the distinguished i.icii of tlio Spanish Ainoncan re publics, whose lifo has been signalled by no many extraordinary vicissitudes of pood and evil fortuno or who hid attained so wide pprcad a reputation, as Antonio Lopez do Smta Anna. Santa Anna is a native of thu departmsnt of Vera Cruz. HcrC, without enjoying any adven titious advantages of birth or family, ho was enabled, by hia talents and activity to riso grad ualty to wca'thand power. lie bepan to bo conspicuous in 1S21, as a par. tisan of liurbidc. On tho promulgation by the ,lmr l" ti turuary 11,; . h - ..v... ut uv u. m imBu.ai ijii. main in driving the .Spaniard) out of Vera Cruz of which ho was appointed govprnorby Iturbide. 'I'he Spaniard', however, still held thecastloof Nan Juan de Ulloa, from which they wcro not lor a long timo d.slogeS; and of course, Santa Anna's position was one of great iniportonce. Mean whilo differences aro?o between inta Anna and tho Emperor Agustin, who had como down tfi'Jalnpa to direct tho operations against tho Saniarils,Santa Anna repaired to Jalapato confer with Ilurbiilr; and, being treated harshly and deprived of his command, immediately left J lapa, hurried back to Vera Cruz, in anticipa tion of the intelligence of his disgrace, and raised the standard of revolt, and by mans of his per sonal authority with the troops of the garrison, was nhlo to commence hostilities against tho Emperor. Thereupon Gaud;ilope Victors, whoso-uame was endeared to theJMexicans.by his previous un6ucessful tffjrtsin tho revolution, and who was living concealed in tho mountains, merged from his hiding place, called around him his old republican companions in arm?, ex celled Iturbide, and establisced the Mexican republic with a federal constitution, in imitation if that of the United Slates. Santa Anna, who, by first taking up arm,had contributed so largely to this result, and think ing himself not duly considered in tho new ar rangements, sailed from Vera Cruz with a 6mall force, (March 1923,) and landing at Tampico, advanced through tho country to San Louis l'otosi, assuming to be protector of the now re public. Hut he did no; possess influence enough to maintain himself in this attitude, and to re main for several years in retirement of Manga de Clavo. The termination Victoria's presidency, how-1 ever, in enabled Santa Anna to reappear on thestigo. IVdraxa had been regu'arlj - elec ted President; on hearing of which, &'.inta Anna rose iu arms, and by a rapid march, seized upon and intrenched himself in tho castle of Fcrjte, where he published a plan tho basis of which was to annul the election of Pedraxa, and con fer tho presidency on Guerrero; but, being sue ccssfully attacked here by tho government for ces, he was compelled to flee, and took refuge in the mountains of Oaj ica, to all appearanco an outlaw and a ruined man. Tho signal of revolution, however, which he had given at Ferote, was followed up with more success in other partB of the country. Pedraza was at length driven into exile, Guerrero w.as daclared President in his place, Santa Anna was appointed to the command of the very army aent against him, and to the gov ernment of Vera Cruz: and, after the inaugura tion of Guerrero, (April, 1329,) he became Sec retary of War. During the ccaurrence of these events, the Spanish government was organizing its last in. vasion of Mexico; and on Barradas the com mander of the Spanish forces landing at Tarn pice, (July 27, 1829,) Santa Anna was intrusted with the command of the Mexican troops, andi.-ubmission. to the ine vitable course of events at length compelled tho Spaniards to capitulate, (September 11, 1329,) andhus put an end to uic war oiinaepenuence. Guerrero had been in office but a few months, when another revolution occuaed. fhe Vice President (Bustamente) gathered a force at Jalapa, and pronounced against Guerrero (De cember, 1829,) who was at length taken pris oner, and executed for treason; Bustamente as suming the presidency. Santa Anna, after feebly resisting, had at length joined, or at least ocquiepced in, the movement of Bustamente; and remained in re tirement for two or three years, until in 1832 he. on a sudden pronounced against the government compeiiea uusiamenie, to nee, and brought back i euraza irom exue eo serve out me remaining three months of the term for which he had been elected to the presidency. In the progress of events, Santa Anna had now acquired sufficient importance to desist from me tunction of President maker, and to becomo himself President, (May, 1833.) Ilia presiden- cy was filled with pronuciamentos and civil wars, which p roduccd tho coneumation of the overthrow of the federal constitution of 1821, ml iho iilnj tioii, in h.'l'l.of mitral cyiititu. tlt'M, TUmijU tii'int df I lio Mexican Htate nrrpirin. ri d in Iho vio'ent rhrg, .y mI.icIi ihry woro reduced In tin ro if i'Mrt tiirrttuiti r tlii ton Irol of Hit ry rmmiianiltnt, ton Texa on thn fiortbrt, mill Yucatan on tho ke.utlieat,ro. funcd to nuliinit to the military id. minion of what ever faction of Urn Brmy might imppon to liold rower In the city of Mexico: and Kima Anna at lehfjlli look cnintnand in m rnn i.f tl.n ...,... pinned lur the reiluetion of Tex. Thn baltlo of Hun Jurinto, hn rupture of rUnta Anna, lm rleo .y HuuMtoii on condition, winch ho afiorward rc fuird to fulfil, hia vn.it to ton coun. try, and hi ubHrqii.'nt return to Mexico, are events familiarly know in the United Stitcs. U hen Hant a Anna marched on Tex, first Barrapan, and then Com, exercised the fumv lions of the rrpFidcnry for a wl,il., until, under tho new constitution, Buitamcnto, having ro. turned frcm exile, was elected IVef idcni'; the temporary unpopularity (f Santa Anna, and his retirement in disgrace ofiWana da Clavo, hav left tho fiuld open to tho friends of Uusta tncnte. -Sundry jironunriamrntos followed; of whirh, ono of tho rnoBt daiifi roua, headed by Mejia, gavo to Hauta Anna -tlu opportunity of rm'r. ing from his retirement. Ho vanquished .W.ijia, and caused him tu be kIioI on the liold of battle. This exploit gave to Santa Anna a new Kurt in public uir.iir; so that when tho French Govern, ment, leW, resolved to punish Aexico for its niultij lied arefHions on the subjects of Franco in Mexico, aiid proceeded to attack Vera Cruz, tha coimuatid of the Mexican troops was com milled to S.u.ta Anna. On this occasion he recoived a wound, which rendered the aiiiputa. tiou of one cf his legs necessary, and hisseiv.ee al unt-, u,,:?, seemed to hnvo tinced, in the eyes ui inn ajexx-ui?. xuQ cixjjscsot uckat at Santa Ar.ni took no pirt in t!,e uiucces-fu! movement ol Urrea against Bustarnente in 18 ID, but in there broke out a revolu'ion coin mended by Paredcs, at (Juadaliaro, into which V?..n. A .1 . w. . . ' 9 ju.ua uiiij iiireiv nimscit with eo mucii vigor and zeal, that Bustamente was again compelled ucu, mm uio plan ot t'aeubaya with agree ment ot i.a b itanzuela, was adopted; in virtue ol which tho constitution of 1830 was abolished, and Santa Anna himself was invested with the powers of dreta'or, fur the purpose of re-const tuting the republic. Und.-r thsf auspices, and midt lannlica of a protracted but unwc.; all the ca St p c; th ni dc hi bi st th Tc th tegiSSSwwy'i t!'$icient interest to justify discussion. This ts I wah a degree of cool indillerence and rcsigna- tinn. which was hardly to be expected in a na- tion so prone to bravado and gasconading aa tho Mexicans. No doubt, the excitement pre vailed in the country on the eve of the Prett dential election, has contributed in some meas- uro to the result. In the heat of party striie, tho tricks of electioneering, and too intrigues of factioni tho public mind is too much absor- hnl tn find ninure for the contCIDDiauon oi remote interests, connected with international relations. That Iho present jroverament is ifot inclined to war with the United S ales, is a ici well a-ccrtaincd. The only fear has been, that the frenzy of an ignorant and furious f opulace, jrnight coerce tho adoption of a bc.ligcreni poli cy, to whtcn the Mexican executive weiu cretly averse. It was apprehended that , the friends of Sinta Anna, and the opposition party generally, might-use the war question as politi cal capital in tho pending electioneering cam- frairn. and inereov orive uio auuiiiiioua.i.-.. party into imprudent demonstrations of hostil ity to the United States, for the sake of ma.n tainingtho popular ascendancy. All danger from this quarter has now evident'y patsed away. The question is heticcforlh aJjjurncdj lo Ve;rr, mi rmri nrnaioti of wlnt h lit l,ei n rHlleil, In takfl Into rnnmiloriilioii, ain-injf other Imti'iftanl ifimtef, lh relnicn with I'm. led Mil,", Thi furl aloimplvc intmlnrtory Muriic8 of tho rofiinftiiinro nfpenee, Thern iMkrarr.it a ponoibtlily, that an ignobly of on. H(ihtned Mrirfi, r tirh a member of Con. t'rtMtimy )giippoped to bn, ran coticltidij In th ir (Irliberationn, on a moanura pn p'mtcr. Mil and inktio an a dcrlarition of war with thn lniled Ntatrtu, Thnt ruch l the frenulum ( pinion among tho Mexican ihotnuntve, immf. fii irntly demoimtrated by tho fxct, thai four iWoxichii veswlii aru now In our port, recent ly arrived here, Surely Mexican property would not thin be hnzirded in our inidhl unit mm thera was a conviction of tho continuance of friendly relations, From tho U.iyou Sarah Lf dger. "ilif,'li Taxci maks low Prices." Wlily Party. Thi profound pieco of absurdity is Ihuscx- poHcd by a trav lling corresponded of tho WaHhington Union. Wo do wish w could in duce our M'hi' friends to ro-consider their doc trine?, Ireo from tho degradiag trammels of par ty because, many of them are greatly oppress-1 ed by the protective policy and tiro mot of thoce to whom it is a bent lit, are daily nloltinir with F.ngland echemes for the overthrow of Southern Inetitations. iho V ing party is a strain" in stance of the baneful t ll'octs of projudito to blind mankind to their most sacred rights Mid inter ests, hnd benumb their minds to the rl ht Fonse of justice which ought to be Iho prido of every good cit.n. Great, indeed, is the geniua of party. N.ir interest, nor pride of intellect, can ucutralizo its dieaetrous influence. Iliad: "Tiio mode of collectin.t revenue hero is unique, and such as might afford, clearw notion cf ihc rn-nnous duties in''his country, if levied and coiiected iu this manner. For instance, at th eir only port of entry, Nombuo, tlie revenue ofiicer collects in kind. Tho duties avira""! a- boul ten per cent; hence ho takes cvqry unth hat, every tenth' pair of boots and shoes, and so on'lhroughout Now tuoiiosa at our none, the collectors took forty hats out of every hundred, aud forty pairs of all shoes and boots, ind It rty yards of woolen carpets and broadcloth, and sixty pound f iron out of every hundred, and one-half of a'l the ready made clothing brought to this country: this plan would put thiugs in a very striking light, and according to the Trib uno's puli'ical economy, and others of-its like.' r:; vniu-iiau ucen inuB roiiDeu oy wW, of forty hats, boots, yards of cloth, sixw in nm.nli-.il. .. l. L J I. .1 .' undsof iron, and one half of his stork i.frowdv ide clothing could atford to sell the remnants, ny u;o government m lum rMccniuu, u uch the cheaper! . -jwroiiTAST, if tkue- 1 nis is the man r in which the "New York Tribune" introdu- s tho following paragraph from tho Phila ;Iphia Gazette" of Tuesday eveuinp: 'Gentlemen from Washington stato with nfidence that lion. James Buchanan-has re- L TriPfl fjm Rprf-tilArvafiiii ..f tfm atatn an1 thq, I I 0 president han se'eeted Andrew Stevenson, ll ( . n . . ' i irgnua, iu nil ino piace. Lfiiiercuccs ol inion as to the Oregon negotiation have indu- . d this on the part of Azr. Buchanan. It is astonishing how any "gentleman" can no with "confidence" a report which is so terly destitute of foundation. What can be emotive for tuch a gratuitous fabrication? hat other purpose can it answer, than first scatter , for a few days, a reoort that is cal- ilated to agitate the public mind, and to cast air of instability over the adininietration:ind Pn. Uhon thn mtVirt lO Avnnen.l . el,n1n L,n ' . 1 r . 1 . - 'imjence ci uio puonc m every rumor that nanatcs from Washington? No ruch reoort ;j the above has ever circulated in this city of ; imors. Tncre is not a shadow of truth in it. r. Buchanan has not reigned, nor has he Iked or thought of resigning; nor has any ember of the cabinet. The reason assigned, 10, for his resignation, is as fabulous' as the port itself. There is no difference of opinion 1 tho cabinet on the Oregon question There .ever was a more harmonious cabinet, and Jiere is as little variety of opinion on all the 'rcat questions which come before the present abinct, as in any of its predecessors. Wo are ally warranted in making this statement in the .lost authentic and authoritative manner. Washington Union. I Political Gratitude Thus spcakcth the tlitor of the Boston Post, an able writer, a sound J,emocrat and a good man,.who appears to have ?ad 6ome experience in political life: 4 Those who have had much experience in poli- a o t'in rir,l;fir"i! nrnoi lintia litl tr lit trt ttnw K .O t'l lilt, fVJiUlUI J V UO ( ( v IIICU IV 1IVI.1V pUI t ' sc if they have not discovered that tho men iu in uic 1uu111.11 tuuioo Ul llllll.l, miuu u Ul' most prompt to recognize cervices rendered, are most anxious to forget an obligation; they should know, too, that moro men are prostrated and de serted by creatures tf their own creation than by their open and avowed enemies.'. Mankind strive to forget obligations, because the rcmcm banceof them is biirJcnsoine; and politicians al most invariably kick down the ladder by which they climb to fame. 'arcfc cf the Seroid Dragoons. The 2J rrg iment of tho U. S. Dragoons, under Colonel ITwi'". took up tho line of march for Texas from Natchitoches on the jrn utr. he Chron icle says that they are to be stationed at San Antonio de Bexar, and we would remark that a more healthy or beautiful location could hardly bo found. We would give a tolerably gocd horae to see the dragoons with Coffi's band in advance, rido past F.nre's llancho on the Guad alupe, and afterwards enter the old and roman. .. f A Will tlm.n n !. tie town of ban Antonio. v hi itiero nol bo excitement among thi Mexican portion of the population of a piace that ha stood soma half dozen sciges within the last ten years, end which has been alternately in poession of the Tcxans and their own people! We shall look for an account of their entry with interest. Natchez Courier, fJVnni III HiiinUy Memory, AMORT JMTUNT MKItMON, If wuk, tents ton plimir with tho it , will ii'fourtf reill of l i'U llninlnomn in h hanilsomo Jorn, My l.can u thero I ir'Oit ileal of leng'h and brci.lih to tho meanioK o t tin wt rJ hnwl i. I.iko a blanket, It i bnnd k it -hoi)?, and not hlf mi trfipiireiit lo thou ami It is cotitiui ted Mith action a well aaoljoctp; with behiivior a well a htok-, with (h-rd a well a word and example a well precept. I don't dunk Omt (he coinlmesa of form or t.f feature can bo riu-ariirod by any ntandrd that will bo universally acknowledged; for what up pear to ono a beautiful aa tl.o en.bh ttm of troth and holiness, may teem lo another ugly aa Sm tempting a mint with a ehuj.p'aster. Tho monkey that married tho baboon's water, no doubt thought her Hostessed ef tiinerior nor. eonal charms; and she in all apeL-h probability, saw aomething in ,cr lover' face that secured tier inuiviuual attachmont took a double clinch on her Blljctions ahForhdl hor u lu.ln am. I and all that sort o' thing, as my friend Mdion says, 'bho never told h.-r love,' but then there was that something in her lotely and expressive face, which showed how warm wero iho watnra of feeling at tho fountain, and how her heart longed lo become a part and parcel of tl.o plur k of a dignified and noble looking baboon. Such u the power of imaginary beauty. A mother almost always thinks her yourg ones handsomer than any botly'a else; while, at tho eme time. they may be repulsive ouough in feature to keep mo uiuuia- luyoaierf, noopiog cougii, lever and ague, and every other respectable d se.se, at a reasonable dietuncs. 2'Le wild Indiau sees more lo admire about tho (q jaw, who pounds his -corn in his wigwam, ai.d who.-e complexion looks as it tanned by moonshinf, than ho would in tho lovliePt lily-skin ever exhibited in the gay circle of fashion and refinement, The E thiopian thinks that the beauty of human fl.'th lies in its blat knees. The lady of his choice is 10 mm lmo a pair ol boots to a gentleman the blacker Uio belter, lie was indeed a dopI and a philosopher who said that, in tho IV'eet Indie?, mo iiyuuiiug was very nanusorao ana the tnun dcr moot beautiful! f .. r . .1 . . . . . . iiiy menus as says my text, 'handsome is as handsomo docs.' In cenerous acts, charita ble deeds and virtuous examples there is a mor al beauty that shines aa reeplendent amid the darkness of vice and the corruption of the world as iire tiies in a grave yard, or a pair of cat eyes In a coal hole. Tho handsomeness of the heart is to be priz:d far above tho fairness of tiiu uuiwiuu puiMiiK anuine ooeomlhat heaves with warm and philanthropic emotions, is treasury or loveliness in iiseu. A young min isterno matter how plain ho really k alwavs looks handsomo to'tho. ladies; bccaje ho is so gentle in spirit, pure in proc??, sincere in pro fession, circum -pact in nrajtico. and ininropna- ieu wen me ewitriai essence ot divine lovo. Ho I. I . .. - . " . ... ' O.. wou d nt riiftlj a feather on an ann-el's winir. I of itschartne; ki.'f a musquito; tread Upon a worm, l.a.nll. ..II. I. L iL .. . '1 . r p.ucic a nower irom 1'aratlisB to. the detriment ' ,,,UI' ""s"1 '"f1"0'1 fame of a fellow mortal. Therefore he is con sidered handsome. Young man you behold your image in a mir ror, pronounce yourself good looking t nd imag ine you aro bound to shine wherever you go; but you can't do it unless your beauty is some thing more than fkin deep, ft must penetrate inio me inicrior. loumust be handrome a the wav from the head to ihn hnarf. Vnn do the handsome at all times, and under all cir cuinstancef; or, like a bad egg washed with gold, you won't go down.' By not treating your friends as often as you arc treated by them by speakii g disparagingly of your acquaintances by assuming silly airs, and thrusting vourself too forward in company, and with the ladies espe cially exhibiting foppishness and puppyism and by making a fool of yourself in divers ways you spoil all your beauty; and your company will be shunned, rather than courted in sniie of all your wonderments. Good looks unaccom- pamcd with a good deportment, can no more gain the esteem and admiration of tho world than a black coat and a white cravat can make a saint a blackleg. Young lady you will be thought handsome so long as you perform various little offices of disinterested kindness: so long as the blossoms of virtue remain in lull bloo n in your bosom: so long as modesty, mildness and love have a homo in your hear'; to long as you potsess these in ward attractions which have a mysterious mag nctic influence upon the affections of tho nobler sex and no longer. Without these, you may whitewash your foreheads, rouge your chccRs, pencil your eyebrows, and sport a luxuriance of extraneous curls; but it will be all to no purpose. No ono will discover anything handsome, or pretty, about you, and you will bo left to wither unnoticed, like a Ibwcr without beauty cr fra grince. My hearers it would be easier to teach a rabbit to trot, a goose to canter, a giraffo to creep, or an elephant to turn a 6iimraerset,lhan for me to cleanse you of your filth and loath someness, and make you comely in the sight of God and man, without a corresponding exertion upon your own sids. Do try, my brethren, to help yourselves, and 1 will give you a push pro portionate in power io ihc amount of pennies in the box. to mote it be! UOW.Jjt. National Nicknames It will be seen by the. following from an exchange paper that the people of every tate have nicknames, and some very curious and ludicrous onet: The inhbbi!an:sof Maine, are railed Foxe; New Ilamp.-hiro, Granite Coys; Massachusetts, Bay Stater.-; Vermont, Green .Mountain Roys; Rhoda land, Gun FiintFj Connecticut, Wood en Nutmeg?; New York, Knickerbiftker ; New Jersey, t'lamcatchcTp-; Pennsylvania, Leather heads; Delaware, MuMtrats; Maryland, Craw Thumpers; Virginia, Beagles; North Carolina, Weasels Georgia, Biizzirds; Louisiaua, Cre oie.'s; Alabama, Li2zird',K9ntucky, Cora crack ef'i Tefitinmok, ('illofiitiiilei( Ohm, lurliryo I'ld am, llnoler llliiiolr, Hoekir Almmutl, I eN( Mimiipl, aiipole) Arkoi4, (iopli. lo dy upon tlntr?."' Sl'rU'n' WoIvjtium Fi.f.iU, Fy up n.u ' ' , I .fill It ! Wl.l.li.ul fll-.lrt..l II ... I . N. W, Turnlory. 1'rairia IJoiri Orrt'on. - , I'.'iilll, inil'-ir, I'mi I H WB1 T-l Ce, From tlx Knir kirbockor, TAKING TUH CENHUH. Hum rirh ircne orrur In taking tha u iitnlBr iho lata law of thoMito of fen. Nev York for Hut purpoao. '1'ho followinff from an eyo witnepk, j one: Here' thn devil with hia book again fot tho ti'mtnrij," tdioutaa junior of tha family to tho irutoriial head above ataira who presently appear. I it tho heads of the family yu want r-urt: but last week yo wanted our names for ytt d'rectury, and now ye want our htaJ? A free country this sure, when ono'a head ih not cafe. Bo ed', and bad luck to ye and all like ye." After aome explanations the ques tions in order are acked. Who is tho head of the family! Ann Phi dm ycr honor, the satno in old Ireland and fonver. How many males in this familyl Thro malts a day with pratcys for dinner an' But how many Men and Boys. "Och, why , there's tho ould man an' biy, and three childro who died live years aga, navin rest their dear souls, tho ewatest jtwils that iver" But how many are now living! "Meself and mo daughter J udy, ye see them, and a jewil of a girl she is indeed." But have you no males in your family! "Sor- ra the one, the ould man works hard by the d iy and Patrick is not at home at all, but to las males and hia bed." How many aro subject to Military duty! "Nivcr a one; Patrick and the ould man belong to the Inmits, and euro finer looking soldiers were nivcr boro; did ye not see thim when tho ould Ginural was buried, 'twould have mado your heartbeat lo see two such fine looking, gnuale, well behaved boye. How mony are entitled to votel 'Why tho ould man and ineee f and Judy. , and warn't it we that bate the Natives an the Whigs an' elicited ould Gincral Jackson over 'ira all. Sor rathe day when he died and disappointed us all, for a lino man he was." How many colored pereons in your family! "Nager, did you name Nagers! Outjman, an' don't be insultin' me. Out wid ye, an' niver f. me cmco iu" -vWll'l Ml( SOOUl IHO kWlltWW, whither I have nagers in me famil) ! Yer out of yer senses ycrsdf, begone and elou't bother me." CTAn Electric Gun has been patented in England, which is worked by the apnlication of gassea exploded by galvanism. 1000 balls per minute arc discharged by if. In an experiment before a number of military men, tho following results wcr produced: Jef. lisp. The engineer is enabled to tako a true aim. the barrel bavin? a sight similar to a rifld. Tho barrel is supplied with balls by two chamber, one fixed and tho other moveable. This, last may be made largo enough to contain an im mense number ot balls. It is calculated that 1000 balls or more can be discharged a minute, the volleys being shot eff in almost continuous r constant succession, the stationary chamber supplying the barrel. The experiments fully carried out all the inventor professed to do. Tha bullets wcro driven throug a thick plank. and Afterwards completely flattened on an iron target. Those directed against a target with out the intervention cf the planking were glifcr ally beaten to atoms, and iu a manner plaster ed on the baards placed on the sides of tho tar get, which received the fragments as they flow off at angles from the iron. The force far ex ceeded what can be done by any military n gitie of equal calibre, in which gunpowder isem ployed as tho propelling power, A three inch board at 2U yards distance, was completely shattered through with the bullets, as if the ecu- trebit and drill of a carpenter had been employ. ed, and tho rapidity and precision of aim wcro extraordinary. For clearing a breach or swee. ping a fosse such an engine must bo most tre mendously destructive." ICPTbe Natchitoches Chronicle pays the fol. lowing compliment to the Secretary of tho Navy: 'In calling into tho Cabinet, Mr. Georga Bancroft, the President did an act that wilt t lit d Iti6lre upon his administration, and cast ntw honors on tha American name. lie is one of those whose reputation will not pass away wh,en he lays down tha trappings of office. Ho will be known in our annals through all time, a the scholar, orator and historian, from whot-e prolific genius aro constantly flowing rirh streams of elcqusnce, to delight and instrtfet his countrymen." ' , " THE NEW YOKK FIRE OF THE 19m. Estimated Lo-s bt the Late Fire. Wo aro strongly imprCrtiJ with the idea that the a mennt of loss by the late fire is greatly over estimated. Assuming that the value.of the bei'. dings destroyed would average seven thousand, dollars and this is a very largo estimate, con 6idering tho amount of available matter on tho ground the loss in buildings is about a mi'lion and 1 half. Add to this three millions for tho goods destroyed, and tho loss falls short cf fiv.i millions. M'o are happy to add that probably nine- tenths of this loss falls upon men of wealth, who will in no way suffer from it. The Insu rance Compauies can pay, and their stock einco 1S35 has not been held by widows end orphans, but by men of large means, who could afford to risk a few thousands in the hope of getting very large premiums. The effect of this great fire, therefore, upon the business of the city, will not bo perceptible alter it has ceased to bo a bub- j -ct ol converea;icn. totiner & ..usurer. 3." 0 4 .- V.