Newspaper Page Text
r.xriav ADvar.Ticsr., 8A TUMMY, JUNK 0. GOV. DROWN. Gov. Brown's Proc!imtion, calling for Vol untocrs, reached Ihis placo triday morning. Tho Voluntctri from this end of tbo Stale, we doubt not.will ill bo disappointed. News roach cd here on Thursday ovoning, by a gentleman just from New Orleans, that Vickuburg was a ready crowded with Volunteers. Capt.,Jack on had had his company in camp for several days past, ready to march at a momenta war nine, into the service of tho Uailod States We do not know whatcourso may now bo ta ben. but it seems to us, impossible for a com Vickebunr. to bo marched into eorvice before tho whoio rcquisi tion shall bo filled up by companies nearer tho place of rendezvous. Wnni.1 it nnt hava been bettor for Gov. Brown to have mado a place of rendezvous at ome point in this end of the State, aa also at Vicksburg, that all portions of thobtate migm have a chance, to have had Volunteer Compa nies in tho eervicoof the Mexican campaign! The object in tha War department at Wash iDgton,in making calls upon the State Govern Dents, was that the whole of each State, as near 83 possible, bear its portion in the United States service. Thia object ia virtually defea ted by the action of our Governor, by making Vicksburg or Jackson the place of rendezvous, and tho declaration of his Excellency, that he will accept tho companies first tendered. The volunteer companies would have been better eattefied, if after they had tendered their eer vices, each Captain would have had an oppor tunity to draw, and the requisition upon the State to have been filled by lota cast amongst the Captains of companies, than that the first who presented themselves should be the first accepted. Tho courso pursued by his Excel lency, will cither cause too many to go to Vicksburg, or each company fearing it may be too late, may not repair to Vicksburg, and de lays may bo occasioned in a matter which ehon'd havo been executed with promptness. MR. CALHOUN. This gentleman has more admirers in the democratic party in the South than ar:y one man of that party. For tho last few years, hie friends were almost proscriptive as to him, ma king a devotion to Calhouniem sine qua non to pure democracy, or their support for any lucra tive office; indeed, a split was inevitable be tween those, climing to be democratic, who could not subscribe to r. Calhoun in every particular, and those who thought that there were other men of tho democratic party, who reflected its will and was more popular with the hubs of the people than Mr. Calhoun. crisis however, has arisen, both in parties and men, the country is now involved in war, and that politician is doomed who opposes a vindi cation of the insulted honor of the nation. We re, upon reflection, more and more surprised t the coarse Mr. Calhoun has thought proper to pursue, in relation to our Mexican difficul ties. In his speech in the Senate, he says that tie is willing to vote, our then little Army, on the banks of the Rio Grande supplies, but that he was unwilling by his vote to make every man in this conntry the enemy of every man in Mexico. The substance of his remarks, on that occasion, was to express a deep determination, not to declare war against Mexico, until Mexico by her Congress, had recognized the acts of tier Generals on the banks of the Rio Grande He seemed determined to limit the power of the President, and of our Generals, to a very email compass, in their acts of making war. A 6ufn cient caution upon that subject, is highly com mendable, and no Congress should place it in the power, of either the President or our Gen. erals, to make war with other nations or in volve this country in war ad libitum, But are Dot our present difficulties with Mexico of a very different character, than that of the in cautious or impolitic act of a President, or of a hot-headed, or impetuous General. The pres ent Congress passed laws recognising the whole of the country this side the Rio Grande, from its source to its mouth, as a part of the State of Texas, and as such, a part of the American Union. These laws when pasted, were to be executed, and it at once became the duty of the President to see that they were executed. The probability is, Mr. Calhoun voted for every law which has passed the present Congress, rccog jiieing Texas as a portion cf tfc? Uaittfi States ''). lrpHl iit in f-iiftifmny lutlK lawatf tUjiiiu tit would be rri'pM; . ...... ....I...,. l.tMln aiiitfttiJf' i. ...i i... .i...u ,.. ..)... .M.tll (.rr. i.n I he bi.ki.rili H i Uiamlc, lof.rol.tl mo frutitwr of tlntf(.un!ryiwulitrfl wdira ti"l to make 117 iggn"iM "p what CongreM, and l.o rcrognmed as ieio, iita. Taylor's or ders went no farlUf than to occupy a country which Cungffss bad solemnly recognised as a portion of tha United Hlalrs. Afft Geo Tay. lor had orciipiid tins country and placed the American atandard upon a country whera her revenue lawa waa then in forco, our army is surrounded by Hextcao Generals, our men killed and taken primers. The supplies of our army was cut off1 by a hostilo and an invading force, and war with all its horrors, stared t por. tion of tho country immediately in tho face. Tho l'roiident with great promptness, makos known to Congress tho existing rtato of facts, and desires that war bo declared to cxiet Le- non thin COUDtrV Dlld MCxicO t'V tllC 6Cl of Mexico. Under tho full knowlodgo of tho oxintenco of tho whole fart of tha ease, air. Calhoun ce rlarpii "that ho WOUlJ FOOncr piUtlgO n to his bosom" than vote measures sufficiently effective, to produce a speed and honorable peace between tho two countries, be would not . . . . ' I . (, . permit our ueneraia or i resident 10 uivoivo i ' . . . . J t count xy in war. i ao tioctrma ism uuwh vj air. Caiiioun anJ others on tho wir bi.l in the Senate, would permit any usurper or power that chooso to invado tbia whoio country, from Mainotothc South IVestcru border, to which the President could make no farther objection, or opposition than a mere defcasivo warfare, provided the government invading our territory d not choose to declare the act cf invasion by her authority. We might suffer all the horrors of war, cur commerce and merchantmen, cpen to every species cf piracy, and tho wholo.mst ter dwindle down to what may bo called a etate of ho&tili'.ies, provided the egjjrefflion power oes not, through her constituted authorities, choose to declare war between tho two na tior.s. We cannot perceive that tho Adminis tration has been too hat'ty in thia matter, nor an wo look upon sir. Calhoun's conduct in any ther light, thaaaa hostile to tha Adminittra- ion, upon more questions, than tho Oregon. This gentleman wa3 not eo equoamieh when ho gave Mr. Madison eo warm and patriotic upnortia the last war. He was thon for war with Great Britain, wilh far less causa for war, than exists between Mexico and thia govern ment at thia time. But time, the conqueror of til thinga, visibly chows its inCasnco rpon man. O-An Election for U. 0. Senator will take place in a then timo in Mains, in tho place of Mr. Evans, whooo term expires 4ihofaarch 1817. It ia thought Cov. Anderson will bo elected in Lis place. PUOCLAMATfiOft. By ALBERT G. BROWN, Governor J the Siite cf jlis$mi2ii. Bt the mail from Washington City, wasL ukQ cocnuand v( lha army operating in tlex X in possession of tho subjoined letter anaiic0tbut that the gaaBl e-en. Taylor is to b emorandum from tho becretary ot uar, at o, ti . ,nnlniftnii to ,ua r.0mn!ntinn nut npmnranflum irom vnu occruiuiy r . I 11 o'clock last night. It will bo eccc tnat uio President of tho United States requests the speedy organization of 'ONE REGIMENT OF INFANTRY OR RIFLEMEN,' in tbia Stata. In obedience to this request, 1 have great pleas ure in saying to the patriotic citizens of Missis, eippi, that I will accept for the President, TrN Companies of Infants oe Riflemen, organi. zed in conformity with the memorandum hereto ooended. Volunteers will observe tnat it re quires eighty privates, and thirteen commission ed and non-commisaioned officers to constitute a company. In the election of officers, and in the enrollment of privates, a strict observance of the rules laid down by the .Secretary of War, is enjoined. No company can be accepted by mo that is not organized in uie maner mere poiniea out. So soon as ten companies are organized, they will be rendezvoused at Vicksburg or Jackson, and mustered into the service of the Unitod States. Thero will doubtless be many, very many more, to tender their services than can be accepted, it is tneretore proclaimed tnat those who organize according to law and first tender their services, will be nrst acceptod by me, and by me tendered to the President of the United States. Infantry or rifle companies heretofore reported will be required to report again when they shall have recruited and otherwise ntted their organ, ization to the subjoined regulations. - in again reporting, companies are strictly eniotncd to re port their full quota of officers and privates. And to avoid the difficulty of recruiting after or. ders are given to rendezvous, it will be proper not to accept any man as a volunteer wno does not enrol himself on a pledge of honor, to march with the company when orders aro given. I need scarcely say, that 1 trust tho ten compa nies will be ready in the shortest possible time. N. B. In all that 1 have done heretofore, 1 was but anticipating, as far as practicable, the wishes of the authorities at Washington ; and when I ordered the organization of companies to consist of from 64 to 100 men, I was looking to the law aa it then was. it will be observed that the ten companies now asked for, are to be organized according to a construction given by the President to the late act of Congress When I accepted conditionally twenty-eight companies, who bad organized under my order, supposed there would be a requisition on this State for at least 3,500 men. And in all that I have done within the last few days to promote the organization of a regiment of Cavalry, I havo acted under the advice of Major Gen. (Jaiuos, w to gave mo positive assurance that euch rcg-; ''ha Inter ,.. ..,.,.,... -I .. .....n.a ,, nw iwirsniiiiiii .ri"'r itiMl.nre n the nHH i,j,rf"1 fj rommeiirrmefil hU between tl, Uni- ud m.i..s a..t Mew My "b"di dwitfnsd to htvmvtt tl lufclw aefvice. Thaw NMnMas aVsuh.".. ' "JT'fSllnJ those who havi '-r f 1 "1 I"" advlco. All thai "' M,J M " tP"' basml on the iirdini If mn(re an. uneaiMi. factory account. der.vsJ from ''f'4';,u'cc"i; now act... alidly, and I viprrM an earnest hop- that within very few day. the ten companion, called from Ins Htai, will bo organized and ready to unreli into the service ol tho Unitod H-a.es. (J UR0WN VVAll DBPAKTMKNT. WinttiKOToM, iHay 10, HIH. Ftn ! I have t.'ic liotMf to enelono a copy of an ft .,f C.nturtPm eniiikd "an Act providing for tho protecution o! the cuieting war betweuti the United fcUatca and Hit Republic of Mexico," which authorise the PrceiJoiu to accrpi iao iHTifirf nt Volunteers. It will te prrccivcu oai wuu Volunteer taken into .ho service of tho United States under thie Ad. r to bo appointed and commifsioneil, or ucli as havo boon appointed . , ... and commissioned in accordance with Hid laws of tho &'tate from whenco they are taken , and that tho Volunteers received into tho sorvieo ot the United States are to have tho organization of the Army of the Uuited Slates. Tor this exact organization, so far as rolalcs to comna mis and regiments, please eeo the memorandum appended to the law herewith, to both of which particular attention is requested : but under the discretion aliowe hiin, the President haa deci ded that the nurmer cf rtvarsj in all volunteer companies shall bt limited to eighty. u.n me pari oi uo rrcsicent 1 nave to requcGt Your Excellency tt causa to bo organized at the earliest praciicabJepenod the following corps of volunteers : On9 Uegimeit cf Infantry or Riflemen. Your Excellency ia requested ta designate and to commuiicate promptly to this Depart ment some convenient place of rendezvous (aay Vicksburg) for noving towards Mexico, for tha eevcral ccmpanea as fast as they be organized, where tney witlbo further organized mto a reg iment. The several corps will bo inspected anil mustered intotlo eervicoof the United Stalen, aa far as practitable, by tin olTicer or oluccra of the United biates Army ; where this cannot be done, you aro requested to designate tho inspec ting and muaering officer, who will, in every cafie, bo inetneted to receive no man, under the rank of cerrrniseioned officer, who ia in years appnrcntlv otcr forty five or ur.dor eighteen, or who is not in physical strength and vigor; nor the horse of ony volunteer not apparently soi:nd and effective, with necessary horse equipments or furniture It ia respectfully eurrjrestod that public notice cf these requirements of law may prevent much diaappaintmit to the zealous end patriot ic citi. zona of your State multitudes of whom tho President cannot doubt will bo eager to volun teer. Should there be any difficulty or considerable delay in obtaiuinc tho amount and description of tho forco proposed to bo raised from your State, you will give the earliest notico thereof to tma jjepartnttrrrrxnat proper etepa may no taken to receive thcra from other sections of the csantry. very respcctiuiiy, Your obedient nervant, W. L. MARCY, Secretary of War, Ilia Excellency, The Governor of f libsiasippi, Jackson. CTTha Washington corre-pondent of the New York Evening I'oBt says Gen. f.3cott is not be continued in tho command to the completion of tho work he ha3 so nobry begun. In regard to the rumored appointment of Gen. Gcctt to this command, tho universal expression of opinion, as far aa we havo beard it, ia in con demnation cf such a course. Tha campaign in Florida ia proof enouMi that Gen. Sco'.t ia better fitted to remain at Wellington, drink hio vice and theorize on tactics than to take command of the active operations of a southern campaign with southern volunteers. Tnore is too much rule and line work about SzoU to euit our south ern boya. Franldin Democrat. Correspondence of the Baltimore American VasiiiK3T0N, May 22, 1546. Ia tho Senate, a new Naval Committee bill was reported thia morning, proposing an appro priation of 2.C20.GOO lor the building of ten war steamers of three clasoes, Svo cf one, threo cf another, and two of third. Mr. Mangum eaid he bad no objection to any increase of the navy, which might be deemed necessary but he could not consent to give the President unlimited power both aa to tho char, acterof the vessels and every act in relation to them. The President had already been inves ted with dictatorial powers, and it was limo to pause. It. became Congress to act in thia mat. ter and not to entrust every thing to the I'rcei dent. Mr. Fairfield eaid ho would call up the bill on Monday, ine Discretionary power which has been given to the Executive in the war bill made it necessary to increase tho power still more. Mr. Mangum said wo will consider that when the bill comes up. ) Mr. Uix reported the House internal improve ment b .11 with amendments. Mr. Allen offered 4 resolution which was a- greed to by the Senate, calling for copies of any accounts or any interference of the government of Great Britain or France, or either of thorn, in reference to the aniexation of Texas. Mr. Wood bridge, of Michigan offered a resolu tion of inquiry in reference to tho boundary be tween the Unitod States and Great Britain. Mr. Westcott, agreeably to the notice made yeuieruay, moveu me usiponemcni oi me Ore gon bills reported yesterday to the first Monday in December next. Mr. W. said he saw no rea son for passing t hese hills at tho present session of Congress. He believed tho public interest would not sudor frott this postponement. TLcjtf were local nthftritiiw there already with liical fptcriiinril, end tin jr wve aUiMUntiy Liu tv uke care vl Ihintilvd. Mr. A l It. ii had a wutd In r ab ut Ifivmtr Inral auilmfiliBi and uukmit liiti iiitii'ix f the (JuveriiiiitHit, and about IvaHntf the Aw"" iiitrfluu uudi'f llntwli iiih.rilio a't"' ' I '.Hi ul May, In 17, or about that Hmo iin mv jrvar'e imtire wmild pptr. The Ciiiiuiltee on 7Vf nl-iKee were then die. charged from the furiliur cuiisiderain'ii of thu lull. Mr. lli'iiton eaW he ffff inlnd the pfrsf nt oa. eamoii a proper one to etate what he frtfr iiej ae our uue iimae oi territory. uu"j wae to ak nothing but what was clearly rifjlit, and to iibiiul to nolliing that was wrong, air. lltintKU eiitiiinniicvd hlssimcch by what he called the ungracious tak ol correcting the ur. rore which had boon puhliMhod tar aiiu wiuu in tho republic, and winch woro contained tn the book of nr. lireenhow. Errur tiio first was in rrgnrd to Kimei ma k,nt a hue of 51 4U t a certain parallel. No such lino was ever agreed to in llio world no lino which warranted our saying wo had a claim up to 51 40 and Rusma tho territory in-yenu. Mr. (ireenhow did very woll in copying maps, but going beyond this aud undertaking to settle tho publics of nations by defining thoir toirito riea, ho should say that In owu maps coutradic led his own stateinciiH. Upon the Una of 51 41 Mr. Hunton mado bjiiio ammina remarks. Tlicro was, ho said, no euf h line. It was a mountain born of a riouso, aud those who went in pursuit of it would not linj it. The end of all this ridiculous excite menl about C4 40 woulJ end in "thin air." Thoeo who were ready to dio and fight for 51 10 could find nothing to fiht and die for. Mr. Benton dived deeply into documents and official papers and upon all the topics introduced by him mada a learned and attractive speech. wr. Benton received great attention while ilia cussing tao Utrecht treaty. Tho light thrown upon this subject would havo given sua-Iijht to darkness. It was proved that for fifteen years we had claimed under thia treaty from lS03on ward that by the t.eaty of Utrecht wo had shut out Great Britain from her h&ving claims to Louisiana. By tho Utrecht treaty wa had boon able to accomplish more for tho ex onaion of our torritory than by the treaties mado wilh Ureal Britain. The treatv made 130 vears beforo wilh France and Great Britaiu fenced oui Croat Britain from Hio Mississippi. The authorities quoted by hi. Benton, from the four Governments, of ibo U. otatcs. England. Franco and Hpain, and bearing no closely upon the direct question, could hardly fail to produce au atmiirig impression upon ir.o Benators, and upon all listeners. Mr. Benton, after speaking for two hours, said ho had spoken thu.i far only to romovo the im portant errors into which the country had fallen by rolying upon Mr. Greonhow's book. lie should now go into the main question, involved iu a proper settlement of tho Oregon question epon tho baaia of the 43th degree of norti lati tude. Tho sulijeet was here, however, postponed until Monday nt xt, and on motion of wr. Hay wood of North Carolina a bill was briefly con sidercd having reference to the number of gene rals and ether officers of llio army, and propo siti!? a roneral incrcaoe of the tauie. '2'tie bill ws read, and Sir. Haywood deemed it necessary, in viow of the large corps of vol unteera ordered out and authorised, to increase tha ottieera atotMo. anci therefore cailod for I ho Drotnnt pasaasro of tho bill. The Kcnate thrught it too important a ques tion to be paoeod upon at once, end therefore r. Mancrnm moved nil adi'iuroment, which waa agreed to, and the Senato adjourned to Monday next. EXPEDITION.AGAIN3T SANTA FE. It appears that Col. Kearny is charged with an e.vntlition anainet ftew Mexico, une thou eand mounted men havo been failed for from MiHoouri for that set vice. Tho expoditiou was intended to be a eecret one, but aa it haa bo como known, it ia not improbable that very ea- Rpniial-modificaliona may be made in tho on i?inal Dlan. and that Ihe forco may bo consider uhli; increased. Tho lot. Louia Iteportar of Monday lam, says mat a icuer nau oeeu receiv ed from Gov. Edwarda of Missouri, now in Washington, stating that ten. Gaines roquist. tion on that State had been approved by the President, and tho voluntacrs who fcad 6tmed under it would bo received. The President, desired, however, that all who had not started, should be detained for tho expedition to flew Mexico. From all thio, and the report which has reach ed here by way of New Orleans, that tho Ten neeoeo and Arkansas volunteers are to be con ccntrated at Fulton, on tho Hod lliver, it would arDear verv nrobablo that "our boys" will bo sect to New Mexico, instead of the Rio Grando near Matamoras. The Santa Fe expedition will to a very pleasant one, with fair prospects of rood fiirhting. beft ro a junction is effectad with Taylor's force below. v"cnt. Enq. 15 BAYS LATER FROM EUROPE. By the fast-sailing Cincinnati and Memphis packet, "VVm. It. mcilec, ' yesterday after- noon, we hava files of Louisville and.Cmcinnati papers up to Wednesday, containing tho for eign advices brought by the steamship Brittan ia, which sailed from Liverpool on tho 4th. The news ia not of special importance. We make up the annexed summary from our Eas tern exchangee: Memphis Jbnq. Tho cotton market has fully sustained the improved feeling that ruled when the last steam ship sailed. The sales of Saturday 2d and Monday 4th amounted to 9000 balr.g, including a portion taken on Speculation aud" for export. The market was quiet, and the rates current on the previous week paid with scarcely any alteration; if any thing, wa should say it was in favor of the buyer. Sales have been made of Western Canal flour at 25s 6d to 26s 6d; Philad. 2ls 6l; New Orleans 23 6d to 24s, New York sour 22s; and one or two parcels of prime white and mixed Wheat at 7p, per 70 Iba. Sir Robert Peel's commercial measures still linger in the House of Commons, and Lord Brougham has announced that he should take an early opportunity of testing the opiuion of the House of Lords on the subject. The Times, of the 30th ult., devotes an edi torial article to the refutation of Mr. Benton's peremptory assertion, "than which nothing in the courso of the Oregon negotiation, has been advanced mote absurd," thai tho lino of 40 deg was fed aMtjv catabliebcd p arajlcj by tho trea- iy of IJirirht. The Matemcnl, it allfff, In uil'if ly uiioiiii'lrd, Ntlh iitf wlmW'Vur Is known of any art ul riiiiiiiMiiMii r apiiumlod undur thai (itaiy referred solvly to Canada and But in liouimmit. Ai f ounts from this f mintry In tha Iftth ul., w.'f rocvivtiil i lliu ltonn on I he U7lh. Tim ('ungri'Mioiul dinrunNiun of llw Oregon qur. lion are notirud, but are imt nude the them of nnw-paprf roniiiiiMil, The pawing of I No Nuli.Trvaiiry Hill by tlm llnusa of Hcpresnn. ulives In riled as showing (be Increasing Irtngth of lha Hi inorraliC party, UvporU of distress in Ireland eontlnuo to (!ihm in of the iiiol appalling nature. Iird Aberdeen has recogmxod tha annex tion of Trias by infortnliid the custom hou authontios that the produce of that country must he regarded as tho product of the Allien' can Union. The inossago of (ho President recommending an Inrroaso of the army and navy is roinmen. ted on in Franco much more than in England, In tho debate thai ensued, it was remarked that M. Thiers, and indeed every other spoa- ker, spoko strong of maintniiiiiig tho Krighnh al liance; and M. Theirs also declared, when speaking of the United States navy, that ho could never bring luiiiseil to beiiovo thut, under any etalctmian, Franco could bo plunged into a war wun mo unttuu amies. Correspondence of tho N. Y. Jour, of Com , Livcnroot, May 4, 18-10. Wilh reference to our circular of the 18;n ult, by tho last mourner, we havo to advise that there has since been a steady good demand fur Cotton, but tho market having been nioro freo. ly supplied, partly from recent unporta, tho buyers have rather had tho advantage, scarce ly, however, amounting to a reduction of d per lb. trom the nignesi point in any acsenpuon. Fair Upland ia now quoted at 4f', fair Orleans 4 J. aud fair Mobile 4jd, per lb. Tho sales for the week ending 2-ltii ult. amounted to3A,2.r0 bales, and for the week ending 1st inst , was 45,000 bales. Tho American descriptions sold in the last week, consisted of 0,100 Upland, 2j a l 27;(yUi) Orleans, at oi a u, with a tew fan cy lots at 6 a 7; 4,450 Alabama and Mobile at aj a fJ, and 070 idea Inland at 12 a 22J per lb. I ns money inaruet naa occomo easier, and trade at Manchester in a rather more healthy state. Tho import of cotton into Liverpool tho last four months is 450,00y' bales againet 050,. 000 in tho first four months of tout year; the supply from the U. a. ia JVU.uyu, being a do. ere abo of 2(10,000 balea. Tho clock in tkia port on tho 1st iuet. waa 800,000 baler, "ginat b'30,000 last year at the hsuio period. Tho stock of American was uIO.OOU, or a uecreaao oi 90,000 baits. Tho New York Journal of Commerceof Friday evening, says: Tho Britania'a nowa ia connidered as on tho whole favorable. Tho quotation of 20.i. for (lour in Liverpool nctts !5. Tho English quo. taliona for poik and beef aro quite satidlactory. From t!ic St. Louis iew Era. U"Thero appears to have been aorno contru vcrsy in the U. S Senate aa to win ther it v?hs proper to declare tho existence of war between Mexico and thia country. Many talented men contended that an moxico had not declared war against tho United States, and the United Slates had not declared war againet Mcxico.war didnol cxim; that hostilities did not necessari ly constitute war, and that active etepa might be taken to repel the invasion and still not de clare war. To our mind it is clear t(i;it war doea exiel; tor woxicd and Texas havo havo been at war with each o her for many year, and peace haa never boon rcetorc-d between them, and, of course, a.Btate of war exists bo tvvoen Texas aud Kcxico. Tho Uaited Etatca caused Texas to be annexed to and incorpora ted in this nation whiiutlhat war still cxietod, and was not concluded, and thereby the Uni ted States adopted that war and mado it her owu. U ia clear that peace haa never been mado between Texas and r:cxico, and of courso they aro at war, and aa Texas haa becomo a part of the United States, Mexico and the Uni. ted "tatea are ai war with each other. A for eign nation cannot possibly bo at war with one iate cf thia Union and at tho same tune bo at peace with tho Uuited Slatea. As well might it bo contended that England could bo at war with New York or Virginia and at tho samo time at poaco with the United States. Texan ia a State of thia Union and a war against Tex as is a war againet tho Uuited States. If Texas and Kexico are not at war with each other, when was peaco mado between thorn? Tho very act of the annexation of Texas waa an a doplion of the war then cxistiug between mcx. icoand Texas, and that very act placed the U nited States in a state of war. with Mexico. It ia absurd to supposo that the act of annexation restored peace between Texas and Mexico, without tho consent of tho latter, and it is equal ly absurd to suppose that war can now cxiat between Texas and Mexico End not exist be. tween Mexico and tho United States. We took Texas with a war on her hands, and it thereby became our war, and as soon as annex ation waa consumated we were in a state of ac tual war. It was not necessary for Mexico to declare war against tho United States, for eho bad long previously been in a state of actual war wilh Texas and the United States obtain ed the sovereignty of Texas und thereby m ids) that war her own. The very act of annexation v;as an act of war. It is true that after annex. ation was concluded, some delay and parleying took place with a view to make peace, but tbat , fact pre-supposes a state of war. War has long existed and still exists, because pec:3 bas nev er been made either by treaty or in fact. Under such circumstances there should be no hesitan cy in declaring that war does exist. Those who voted for annexation, thereby voted for the adoption of an existing war. They may have supposed that Mexico would acquiesce in the work of annexation and make peace, but in this they were mistaken, and for that reason the war still continues. It is not anew war, but the same old war continued. The original par ties have never made peace and atill continue at war, and the United States by the act of annex, ation have become a party to the war. This view of the subject we repeatedly ex pressed before annexation was completed and we have seen no reason to doubt its correctness and propriety. If the original war doea not still continue, we would like to know when or by what act peace waa restored! The mere truce or temporary cessation of hostilities did not constitute a poace, but afforded evidence of tho acknowledged exigence of war.