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The Ripley advertiser. [volume] (Ripley, Miss.) 1843-1897, June 06, 1846, Image 2

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r.xriav ADvar.Ticsr.,
Gov. Brown's Proc!imtion, calling for Vol
untocrs, reached Ihis placo triday morning.
Tho Voluntctri from this end of tbo Stale, we
doubt not.will ill bo disappointed. News roach
cd here on Thursday ovoning, by a gentleman
just from New Orleans, that Vickuburg was a
ready crowded with Volunteers. Capt.,Jack
on had had his company in camp for several
days past, ready to march at a momenta war
nine, into the service of tho Uailod States
We do not know whatcourso may now bo ta
ben. but it seems to us, impossible for a com
Vickebunr. to bo
marched into eorvice before tho whoio rcquisi
tion shall bo filled up by companies nearer tho
place of rendezvous.
Wnni.1 it nnt hava been bettor for Gov.
Brown to have mado a place of rendezvous at
ome point in this end of the State, aa also at
Vicksburg, that all portions of thobtate migm
have a chance, to have had Volunteer Compa
nies in tho eervicoof the Mexican campaign!
The object in tha War department at Wash
iDgton,in making calls upon the State Govern
Dents, was that the whole of each State, as
near 83 possible, bear its portion in the United
States service. Thia object ia virtually defea
ted by the action of our Governor, by making
Vicksburg or Jackson the place of rendezvous,
and tho declaration of his Excellency, that he
will accept tho companies first tendered. The
volunteer companies would have been better
eattefied, if after they had tendered their eer
vices, each Captain would have had an oppor
tunity to draw, and the requisition upon the
State to have been filled by lota cast amongst
the Captains of companies, than that the first
who presented themselves should be the first
accepted. Tho courso pursued by his Excel
lency, will cither cause too many to go to
Vicksburg, or each company fearing it may be
too late, may not repair to Vicksburg, and de
lays may bo occasioned in a matter which
ehon'd havo been executed with promptness.
This gentleman has more admirers in the
democratic party in the South than ar:y one
man of that party. For tho last few years, hie
friends were almost proscriptive as to him, ma
king a devotion to Calhouniem sine qua non to
pure democracy, or their support for any lucra
tive office; indeed, a split was inevitable be
tween those, climing to be democratic, who
could not subscribe to r. Calhoun in every
particular, and those who thought that there
were other men of tho democratic party, who
reflected its will and was more popular with
the hubs of the people than Mr. Calhoun.
crisis however, has arisen, both in parties and
men, the country is now involved in war, and
that politician is doomed who opposes a vindi
cation of the insulted honor of the nation. We
re, upon reflection, more and more surprised
t the coarse Mr. Calhoun has thought proper
to pursue, in relation to our Mexican difficul
ties. In his speech in the Senate, he says that
tie is willing to vote, our then little Army, on
the banks of the Rio Grande supplies, but that
he was unwilling by his vote to make every
man in this conntry the enemy of every man in
Mexico. The substance of his remarks, on that
occasion, was to express a deep determination,
not to declare war against Mexico, until Mexico
by her Congress, had recognized the acts of
tier Generals on the banks of the Rio Grande
He seemed determined to limit the power of the
President, and of our Generals, to a very email
compass, in their acts of making war. A 6ufn
cient caution upon that subject, is highly com
mendable, and no Congress should place it in
the power, of either the President or our Gen.
erals, to make war with other nations or in
volve this country in war ad libitum, But are
Dot our present difficulties with Mexico of a
very different character, than that of the in
cautious or impolitic act of a President, or of a
hot-headed, or impetuous General. The pres
ent Congress passed laws recognising the whole
of the country this side the Rio Grande, from
its source to its mouth, as a part of the State
of Texas, and as such, a part of the American
Union. These laws when pasted, were to be
executed, and it at once became the duty of the
President to see that they were executed. The
probability is, Mr. Calhoun voted for every law
which has passed the present Congress, rccog
jiieing Texas as a portion cf tfc? Uaittfi States
''). lrpHl iit in f-iiftifmny lutlK lawatf tUjiiiu tit would be rri'pM;
. ...... ....I...,. l.tMln aiiitfttiJf'
i. ...i i... .i...u ,.. ..)... .M.tll (.rr. i.n
I he bi.ki.rili H i Uiamlc, lof.rol.tl mo
frutitwr of tlntf(.un!ryiwulitrfl wdira ti"l
to make 117 iggn"iM "p what CongreM,
and l.o rcrognmed as ieio, iita. Taylor's or
ders went no farlUf than to occupy a country
which Cungffss bad solemnly recognised as a
portion of tha United Hlalrs. Afft Geo Tay.
lor had orciipiid tins country and placed the
American atandard upon a country whera her
revenue lawa waa then in forco, our army is
surrounded by Hextcao Generals, our men
killed and taken primers. The supplies of our
army was cut off1 by a hostilo and an invading
force, and war with all its horrors, stared t por.
tion of tho country immediately in tho face.
Tho l'roiident with great promptness, makos
known to Congress tho existing rtato of facts,
and desires that war bo declared to cxiet Le-
non thin COUDtrV Dlld MCxicO t'V tllC 6Cl of
Under tho full knowlodgo of tho oxintenco of
tho whole fart of tha ease, air. Calhoun ce
rlarpii "that ho WOUlJ FOOncr piUtlgO n
to his bosom" than vote measures sufficiently
effective, to produce a speed and honorable
peace between tho two countries, be would not
. . . . ' I . (, .
permit our ueneraia or i resident 10 uivoivo i
' . . . . J t
count xy in war. i ao tioctrma ism uuwh vj
air. Caiiioun anJ others on tho wir bi.l in the
Senate, would permit any usurper or power
that chooso to invado tbia whoio country, from
Mainotothc South IVestcru border, to which
the President could make no farther objection,
or opposition than a mere defcasivo warfare,
provided the government invading our territory
d not choose to declare the act cf invasion by
her authority. We might suffer all the horrors
of war, cur commerce and merchantmen, cpen
to every species cf piracy, and tho wholo.mst
ter dwindle down to what may bo called a etate
of ho&tili'.ies, provided the egjjrefflion power
oes not, through her constituted authorities,
choose to declare war between tho two na
tior.s. We cannot perceive that tho Adminis
tration has been too hat'ty in thia matter, nor
an wo look upon sir. Calhoun's conduct in any
ther light, thaaaa hostile to tha Adminittra-
ion, upon more questions, than tho Oregon.
This gentleman wa3 not eo equoamieh when
ho gave Mr. Madison eo warm and patriotic
upnortia the last war. He was thon for war
with Great Britain, wilh far less causa for war,
than exists between Mexico and thia govern
ment at thia time. But time, the conqueror of
til thinga, visibly chows its inCasnco rpon man.
O-An Election for U. 0. Senator will take
place in a then timo in Mains, in tho place of
Mr. Evans, whooo term expires 4ihofaarch
1817. It ia thought Cov. Anderson will bo
elected in Lis place.
By ALBERT G. BROWN, Governor J the
Siite cf jlis$mi2ii.
Bt the mail from Washington City, wasL ukQ cocnuand v( lha army operating in tlex
X in possession of tho subjoined letter anaiic0tbut that the gaaBl e-en. Taylor is to b
emorandum from tho becretary ot uar, at o, ti . ,nnlniftnii to ,ua r.0mn!ntinn
npmnranflum irom vnu occruiuiy
r . I 11
o'clock last night. It will bo eccc tnat uio
President of tho United States requests the
speedy organization of 'ONE REGIMENT OF
In obedience to this request, 1 have great pleas
ure in saying to the patriotic citizens of Missis,
eippi, that I will accept for the President, TrN
Companies of Infants oe Riflemen, organi.
zed in conformity with the memorandum hereto
ooended. Volunteers will observe tnat it re
quires eighty privates, and thirteen commission
ed and non-commisaioned officers to constitute
a company. In the election of officers, and in
the enrollment of privates, a strict observance of
the rules laid down by the .Secretary of War, is
enjoined. No company can be accepted by mo
that is not organized in uie maner mere poiniea
So soon as ten companies are organized, they
will be rendezvoused at Vicksburg or Jackson,
and mustered into the service of the Unitod
States. Thero will doubtless be many, very
many more, to tender their services than can
be accepted, it is tneretore proclaimed tnat
those who organize according to law and first
tender their services, will be nrst acceptod by
me, and by me tendered to the President of the
United States.
Infantry or rifle companies heretofore reported
will be required to report again when they shall
have recruited and otherwise ntted their organ,
ization to the subjoined regulations. - in again
reporting, companies are strictly eniotncd to re
port their full quota of officers and privates.
And to avoid the difficulty of recruiting after or.
ders are given to rendezvous, it will be proper
not to accept any man as a volunteer wno does
not enrol himself on a pledge of honor, to march
with the company when orders aro given. I
need scarcely say, that 1 trust tho ten compa
nies will be ready in the shortest possible time.
N. B. In all that 1 have done heretofore, 1
was but anticipating, as far as practicable, the
wishes of the authorities at Washington ; and
when I ordered the organization of companies
to consist of from 64 to 100 men, I was looking
to the law aa it then was. it will be observed
that the ten companies now asked for, are to be
organized according to a construction given by
the President to the late act of Congress
When I accepted conditionally twenty-eight
companies, who bad organized under my order,
supposed there would be a requisition on this
State for at least 3,500 men. And in all that I
have done within the last few days to promote
the organization of a regiment of Cavalry, I havo
acted under the advice of Major Gen. (Jaiuos,
w to gave mo positive assurance that euch rcg-;
''ha Inter
,.. ..,.,.,... -I .. .....n.a ,,
nw iwirsniiiiiii .ri"'r
itiMl.nre n the nHH i,j,rf"1 fj
rommeiirrmefil hU between tl, Uni-
ud m.i..s a..t Mew My "b"di
dwitfnsd to htvmvtt tl lufclw aefvice. Thaw
NMnMas aVsuh.".. ' "JT'fSllnJ
those who havi '-r f 1 "1 I""
advlco. All thai "' M,J M " tP"'
basml on the iirdini If mn(re an. uneaiMi.
factory account. der.vsJ from ''f'4';,u'cc"i;
now act... alidly, and I viprrM an
earnest hop- that within very few day. the
ten companion, called from Ins Htai, will bo
organized and ready to unreli into the service ol
tho Unitod H-a.es. (J UR0WN
WinttiKOToM, iHay 10, HIH.
Ftn ! I have t.'ic liotMf to enelono a copy of an
ft .,f C.nturtPm eniiikd "an Act providing for
tho protecution o! the cuieting war betweuti the
United fcUatca and Hit Republic of Mexico,"
which authorise the PrceiJoiu to accrpi iao
iHTifirf nt Volunteers.
It will te prrccivcu oai wuu
Volunteer taken into .ho service of tho United
States under thie Ad. r to bo appointed and
commifsioneil, or ucli as havo boon appointed
. , ...
and commissioned in accordance with Hid laws
of tho &'tate from whenco they are taken , and
that tho Volunteers received into tho sorvieo ot
the United States are to have tho organization
of the Army of the Uuited Slates. Tor this
exact organization, so far as rolalcs to comna
mis and regiments, please eeo the memorandum
appended to the law herewith, to both of which
particular attention is requested : but under the
discretion aliowe hiin, the President haa deci
ded that the nurmer cf rtvarsj in all volunteer
companies shall bt limited to eighty.
u.n me pari oi uo rrcsicent 1 nave to requcGt
Your Excellency tt causa to bo organized at the
earliest praciicabJepenod the following corps of
volunteers :
On9 Uegimeit cf Infantry or Riflemen.
Your Excellency ia requested ta designate
and to commuiicate promptly to this Depart
ment some convenient place of rendezvous (aay
Vicksburg) for noving towards Mexico, for tha
eevcral ccmpanea as fast as they be organized,
where tney witlbo further organized mto a reg
iment. The several corps will bo inspected anil
mustered intotlo eervicoof the United Stalen,
aa far as practitable, by tin olTicer or oluccra of
the United biates Army ; where this cannot be
done, you aro requested to designate tho inspec
ting and muaering officer, who will, in every
cafie, bo inetneted to receive no man, under the
rank of cerrrniseioned officer, who ia in years
appnrcntlv otcr forty five or ur.dor eighteen, or
who is not in physical strength and vigor; nor
the horse of ony volunteer not apparently soi:nd
and effective, with necessary horse equipments
or furniture
It ia respectfully eurrjrestod that public notice
cf these requirements of law may prevent much
diaappaintmit to the zealous end patriot ic citi.
zona of your State multitudes of whom tho
President cannot doubt will bo eager to volun
Should there be any difficulty or considerable
delay in obtaiuinc tho amount and description
of tho forco proposed to bo raised from your
State, you will give the earliest notico thereof
to tma jjepartnttrrrrxnat proper etepa may no
taken to receive thcra from other sections of
the csantry.
very respcctiuiiy,
Your obedient nervant,
Secretary of War,
Ilia Excellency,
The Governor of f libsiasippi,
CTTha Washington corre-pondent of the
New York Evening I'oBt says Gen. f.3cott is not
continued in tho command to the completion of
tho work he ha3 so nobry begun.
In regard to the rumored appointment of Gen.
Gcctt to this command, tho universal expression
of opinion, as far aa we havo beard it, ia in con
demnation cf such a course. Tha campaign in
Florida ia proof enouMi that Gen. Sco'.t ia better
fitted to remain at Wellington, drink hio vice
and theorize on tactics than to take command
of the active operations of a southern campaign
with southern volunteers. Tnore is too much
rule and line work about SzoU to euit our south
ern boya. Franldin Democrat.
Correspondence of the Baltimore American
VasiiiK3T0N, May 22, 1546.
Ia tho Senate, a new Naval Committee bill
was reported thia morning, proposing an appro
priation of 2.C20.GOO lor the building of ten war
steamers of three clasoes, Svo cf one, threo cf
another, and two of third.
Mr. Mangum eaid he bad no objection to any
increase of the navy, which might be deemed
necessary but he could not consent to give the
President unlimited power both aa to tho char,
acterof the vessels and every act in relation to
them. The President had already been inves
ted with dictatorial powers, and it was limo to
pause. It. became Congress to act in thia mat.
ter and not to entrust every thing to the I'rcei
Mr. Fairfield eaid ho would call up the bill on
Monday, ine Discretionary power which has
been given to the Executive in the war bill
made it necessary to increase tho power still
Mr. Mangum said wo will consider that when
the bill comes up. )
Mr. Uix reported the House internal improve
ment b .11 with amendments.
Mr. Allen offered 4 resolution which was a-
greed to by the Senate, calling for copies of any
accounts or any interference of the government
of Great Britain or France, or either of thorn,
in reference to the aniexation of Texas.
Mr. Wood bridge, of Michigan offered a resolu
tion of inquiry in reference to tho boundary be
tween the Unitod States and Great Britain.
Mr. Westcott, agreeably to the notice made
yeuieruay, moveu me usiponemcni oi me Ore
gon bills reported yesterday to the first Monday
in December next. Mr. W. said he saw no rea
son for passing t hese hills at tho present session
of Congress. He believed tho public interest
would not sudor frott this postponement.
TLcjtf were local nthftritiiw there already with
liical fptcriiinril, end tin jr wve aUiMUntiy
Liu tv uke care vl Ihintilvd.
Mr. A l It. ii had a wutd In r ab ut Ifivmtr
Inral auilmfiliBi and uukmit liiti iiitii'ix f the
(JuveriiiiitHit, and about IvaHntf the Aw""
iiitrfluu uudi'f llntwli iiih.rilio a't"' '
I '.Hi ul May, In 17, or about that Hmo iin mv
jrvar'e imtire wmild pptr.
The Ciiiiuiltee on 7Vf nl-iKee were then die.
charged from the furiliur cuiisiderain'ii of thu
Mr. lli'iiton eaW he ffff inlnd the pfrsf nt oa.
eamoii a proper one to etate what he frtfr
iiej ae our uue iimae oi territory. uu"j
wae to ak nothing but what was clearly rifjlit,
and to iibiiul to nolliing that was wrong,
air. lltintKU eiitiiinniicvd hlssimcch by what he
called the ungracious tak ol correcting the ur.
rore which had boon puhliMhod tar aiiu wiuu in
tho republic, and winch woro contained tn the
book of nr. lireenhow.
Errur tiio first was in rrgnrd to Kimei ma
k,nt a hue of 51 4U t a certain parallel. No
such lino was ever agreed to in llio world no
lino which warranted our saying wo had a claim
up to 51 40 and Rusma tho territory in-yenu.
Mr. (ireenhow did very woll in copying maps,
but going beyond this aud undertaking to settle
tho publics of nations by defining thoir toirito
riea, ho should say that In owu maps coutradic
led his own stateinciiH.
Upon the Una of 51 41 Mr. Hunton mado
bjiiio ammina remarks. Tlicro was, ho said,
no euf h line. It was a mountain born of a riouso,
aud those who went in pursuit of it would not
linj it. The end of all this ridiculous excite
menl about C4 40 woulJ end in "thin air."
Thoeo who were ready to dio and fight for 51
10 could find nothing to fiht and die for. Mr.
Benton dived deeply into documents and official
papers and upon all the topics introduced by him
mada a learned and attractive speech.
wr. Benton received great attention while ilia
cussing tao Utrecht treaty. Tho light thrown
upon this subject would havo given sua-Iijht to
darkness. It was proved that for fifteen years
we had claimed under thia treaty from lS03on
ward that by the t.eaty of Utrecht wo had
shut out Great Britain from her h&ving claims
to Louisiana. By tho Utrecht treaty wa had
boon able to accomplish more for tho ex onaion
of our torritory than by the treaties mado wilh
Ureal Britain.
The treatv made 130 vears beforo wilh France
and Great Britaiu fenced oui Croat Britain from
Hio Mississippi. The authorities quoted by hi.
Benton, from the four Governments, of ibo U.
otatcs. England. Franco and Hpain, and bearing
no closely upon the direct question, could hardly
fail to produce au atmiirig impression upon ir.o
Benators, and upon all listeners.
Mr. Benton, after speaking for two hours, said
ho had spoken thu.i far only to romovo the im
portant errors into which the country had fallen
by rolying upon Mr. Greonhow's book. lie
should now go into the main question, involved
iu a proper settlement of tho Oregon question
epon tho baaia of the 43th degree of norti lati
tude. Tho sulijeet was here, however, postponed
until Monday nt xt, and on motion of wr. Hay
wood of North Carolina a bill was briefly con
sidercd having reference to the number of gene
rals and ether officers of llio army, and propo
siti!? a roneral incrcaoe of the tauie.
'2'tie bill ws read, and Sir. Haywood deemed
it necessary, in viow of the large corps of vol
unteera ordered out and authorised, to increase
tha ottieera atotMo. anci therefore cailod for I ho
Drotnnt pasaasro of tho bill.
The Kcnate thrught it too important a ques
tion to be paoeod upon at once, end therefore
r. Mancrnm moved nil adi'iuroment, which waa
agreed to, and the Senato adjourned to Monday
It appears that Col. Kearny is charged with
an e.vntlition anainet ftew Mexico, une thou
eand mounted men havo been failed for from
MiHoouri for that set vice. Tho expoditiou was
intended to be a eecret one, but aa it haa bo
como known, it ia not improbable that very ea-
Rpniial-modificaliona may be made in tho on
i?inal Dlan. and that Ihe forco may bo consider
uhli; increased. Tho lot. Louia Iteportar of
Monday lam, says mat a icuer nau oeeu receiv
ed from Gov. Edwarda of Missouri, now in
Washington, stating that ten. Gaines roquist.
tion on that State had been approved by the
President, and tho voluntacrs who fcad 6tmed
under it would bo received. The President,
desired, however, that all who had not started,
should be detained for tho expedition to flew
From all thio, and the report which has reach
ed here by way of New Orleans, that tho Ten
neeoeo and Arkansas volunteers are to be con
ccntrated at Fulton, on tho Hod lliver, it would
arDear verv nrobablo that "our boys" will bo
sect to New Mexico, instead of the Rio Grando
near Matamoras. The Santa Fe expedition
will to a very pleasant one, with fair prospects
of rood fiirhting. beft ro a junction is effectad
with Taylor's force below. v"cnt. Enq.
By the fast-sailing Cincinnati and Memphis
packet, "VVm. It. mcilec, ' yesterday after-
noon, we hava files of Louisville and.Cmcinnati
papers up to Wednesday, containing tho for
eign advices brought by the steamship Brittan
ia, which sailed from Liverpool on tho 4th.
The news ia not of special importance. We
make up the annexed summary from our Eas
tern exchangee: Memphis Jbnq.
Tho cotton market has fully sustained the
improved feeling that ruled when the last steam
ship sailed. The sales of Saturday 2d and
Monday 4th amounted to 9000 balr.g, including
a portion taken on Speculation aud" for export.
The market was quiet, and the rates current
on the previous week paid with scarcely any
alteration; if any thing, wa should say it was in
favor of the buyer.
Sales have been made of Western Canal
flour at 25s 6d to 26s 6d; Philad. 2ls 6l; New
Orleans 23 6d to 24s, New York sour 22s; and
one or two parcels of prime white and mixed
Wheat at 7p, per 70 Iba.
Sir Robert Peel's commercial measures still
linger in the House of Commons, and Lord
Brougham has announced that he should take
an early opportunity of testing the opiuion of
the House of Lords on the subject.
The Times, of the 30th ult., devotes an edi
torial article to the refutation of Mr. Benton's
peremptory assertion, "than which nothing in
the courso of the Oregon negotiation, has been
advanced mote absurd," thai tho lino of 40 deg
was fed aMtjv catabliebcd p arajlcj by tho trea-
iy of IJirirht. The Matemcnl, it allfff, In
uil'if ly uiioiiii'lrd, Ntlh iitf wlmW'Vur Is known
of any art ul riiiiiiiMiiMii r apiiumlod undur
thai (itaiy referred solvly to Canada and But
in liouimmit.
Ai f ounts from this f mintry In tha Iftth ul.,
w.'f rocvivtiil i lliu ltonn on I he U7lh. Tim
('ungri'Mioiul dinrunNiun of llw Oregon qur.
lion are notirud, but are imt nude the them
of nnw-paprf roniiiiiMil, The pawing of I No
Nuli.Trvaiiry Hill by tlm llnusa of Hcpresnn.
ulives In riled as showing (be Increasing
Irtngth of lha Hi inorraliC party,
UvporU of distress in Ireland eontlnuo to
(!ihm in of the iiiol appalling nature.
Iird Aberdeen has recogmxod tha annex
tion of Trias by infortnliid the custom hou
authontios that the produce of that country
must he regarded as tho product of the Allien'
can Union.
The inossago of (ho President recommending
an Inrroaso of the army and navy is roinmen.
ted on in Franco much more than in England,
In tho debate thai ensued, it was remarked
that M. Thiers, and indeed every other spoa-
ker, spoko strong of maintniiiiiig tho Krighnh al
liance; and M. Theirs also declared, when
speaking of the United States navy, that ho
could never bring luiiiseil to beiiovo thut, under
any etalctmian, Franco could bo plunged into a
war wun mo unttuu amies.
Correspondence of tho N. Y. Jour, of Com ,
Livcnroot, May 4, 18-10.
Wilh reference to our circular of the 18;n
ult, by tho last mourner, we havo to advise that
there has since been a steady good demand fur
Cotton, but tho market having been nioro freo.
ly supplied, partly from recent unporta, tho
buyers have rather had tho advantage, scarce
ly, however, amounting to a reduction of d per
lb. trom the nignesi point in any acsenpuon.
Fair Upland ia now quoted at 4f', fair Orleans
4 J. aud fair Mobile 4jd, per lb. Tho sales for
the week ending 2-ltii ult. amounted to3A,2.r0
bales, and for the week ending 1st inst , was
45,000 bales. Tho American descriptions sold
in the last week, consisted of 0,100 Upland, 2j
a l 27;(yUi) Orleans, at oi a u, with a tew fan
cy lots at 6 a 7; 4,450 Alabama and Mobile at
aj a fJ, and 070 idea Inland at 12 a 22J per lb.
I ns money inaruet naa occomo easier, and
trade at Manchester in a rather more healthy
state. Tho import of cotton into Liverpool tho
last four months is 450,00y' bales againet 050,.
000 in tho first four months of tout year; the
supply from the U. a. ia JVU.uyu, being a do.
ere abo of 2(10,000 balea. Tho clock in tkia
port on tho 1st iuet. waa 800,000 baler, "ginat
b'30,000 last year at the hsuio period. Tho
stock of American was uIO.OOU, or a uecreaao
oi 90,000 baits.
Tho New York Journal of Commerceof
Friday evening, says:
Tho Britania'a nowa ia connidered as on tho
whole favorable. Tho quotation of 20.i. for
(lour in Liverpool nctts !5. Tho English quo.
taliona for poik and beef aro quite satidlactory.
From t!ic St. Louis iew Era.
U"Thero appears to have been aorno contru
vcrsy in the U. S Senate aa to win ther it v?hs
proper to declare tho existence of war between
Mexico and thia country. Many talented men
contended that an moxico had not declared war
against tho United States, and the United
Slates had not declared war againet Mcxico.war
didnol cxim; that hostilities did not necessari
ly constitute war, and that active etepa might
be taken to repel the invasion and still not de
clare war. To our mind it is clear t(i;it war
doea exiel; tor woxicd and Texas havo havo
been at war with each o her for many year,
and peace haa never boon rcetorc-d between
them, and, of course, a.Btate of war exists bo
tvvoen Texas aud Kcxico. Tho Uaited Etatca
caused Texas to be annexed to and incorpora
ted in this nation whiiutlhat war still cxietod,
and was not concluded, and thereby the Uni
ted States adopted that war and mado it her
owu. U ia clear that peace haa never been
mado between Texas and r:cxico, and of courso
they aro at war, and aa Texas haa becomo a
part of the United States, Mexico and the Uni.
ted "tatea are ai war with each other. A for
eign nation cannot possibly bo at war with one
iate cf thia Union and at tho same tune bo at
peace with tho Uuited Slatea. As well might
it bo contended that England could bo at war
with New York or Virginia and at tho samo
time at poaco with the United States. Texan
ia a State of thia Union and a war against Tex
as is a war againet tho Uuited States. If Texas
and Kexico are not at war with each other,
when was peaco mado between thorn? Tho
very act of the annexation of Texas waa an a
doplion of the war then cxistiug between mcx.
icoand Texas, and that very act placed the U
nited States in a state of war. with Mexico. It
ia absurd to supposo that the act of annexation
restored peace between Texas and Mexico,
without tho consent of tho latter, and it is equal
ly absurd to suppose that war can now cxiat
between Texas and Mexico End not exist be.
tween Mexico and tho United States. We
took Texas with a war on her hands, and it
thereby became our war, and as soon as annex
ation waa consumated we were in a state of ac
tual war. It was not necessary for Mexico to
declare war against tho United States, for eho
bad long previously been in a state of actual
war wilh Texas and the United States obtain
ed the sovereignty of Texas und thereby m ids)
that war her own. The very act of annexation
v;as an act of war. It is true that after annex.
ation was concluded, some delay and parleying
took place with a view to make peace, but tbat ,
fact pre-supposes a state of war. War has long
existed and still exists, because pec:3 bas nev
er been made either by treaty or in fact. Under
such circumstances there should be no hesitan
cy in declaring that war does exist. Those
who voted for annexation, thereby voted for the
adoption of an existing war. They may have
supposed that Mexico would acquiesce in the
work of annexation and make peace, but in this
they were mistaken, and for that reason the
war still continues. It is not anew war, but
the same old war continued. The original par
ties have never made peace and atill continue at
war, and the United States by the act of annex,
ation have become a party to the war.
This view of the subject we repeatedly ex
pressed before annexation was completed and
we have seen no reason to doubt its correctness
and propriety. If the original war doea not
still continue, we would like to know when or
by what act peace waa restored! The mere
truce or temporary cessation of hostilities did
not constitute a poace, but afforded evidence of
tho acknowledged exigence of war.

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