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LITCHFIELD, (CONN.) THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 3, 1831. —. 1 - No. 34.—Whole No. 242. ?. liftcljfuiii lEnqafrtr: PUBLISHED EVERT THURSDAT MOBBING, Bv HENRY ADAMS. _ . TERMS. To village and single mail subscribers 2 dollars per payable before ihe expiration ol six months. To companies of nny number over six, $1 50 per ypar, payable as above. To companies less than six, (1 75 per year, payable as before. 0*25 cents will be deducted from each of these prices when payment is made In advance. These prices are exclusive of mail or stage charge for trnasportation. No papers will be discontinued until nil arrearages are paid, except SR the disc relion of the editor. Notice of a wish to discontinue must lie given heibre llie expiration of the year. Advertising. One sqnare, three insertions, $1, and the same proportion for two or more squares — Half a square 75 cts Continuance over ihree weeks, 20 per cent per week. A liberal deduction made for tulvrrtiseuients continued € or 12 months. , Administrators’ and Executors’ Notices, $1 00 Commissioners’ Notices, 1 25 All communications mast be post-paid. CONSUMPTION I Asthma ! and Catarrh ! IN that long train of diseases which seem to grow with the growth <>f civilized society, CONSUMP TION takes the lead in its relentless inroads upon hu man life; yet this dreadful disorder is easily overcunic in its earlier stages. It is only when neglected that it arrives at the terrific maturity which so often baffles the sagacity of professional science. An obstinate •cough is the customary forerunner of the pulmonari/ consumption. Improper neglect in die timely admin istration ol simple nod salutary remedies, is sure to be reproved by a dreadful siircession of consuntptive symp toms; oppression of the breast; green ish and bloody spittle; ulcerated lungs and hectic lever; shrivelled 'extremities, nnd general emaciation of the whole body: | prostration of strength ; flushed cheeks ; swollen feet I nnd legs; and at last, in full possession of the mental faculties, nnd while hope still whispers her flattering ta'e. cold extremities, and a premature death. Fop'the various singes of this complaint, one af the most approved remedies ever yet discovered is Dr. Relfe’s Asthmatic Pills. This exceedingly powerful, nnd vet equally sale and innoeeni preparation, lias e fleeted thorough and rapid cures upon patients supposed to have been far advan ced in a confirmed Consumption, and who have exhi bited the appearances which usually indicate n futnl termination of the disorder. Dr. Retfe’s Pills have also obtained the highest cha racter as a Pectoral Medicine, affording the most un expected relief to those labouring under the common Cough, oeeasioned hy acrid humors irritating the throat,or hy deductions on the lungs—symptoms which , deprive the sufferer of sleep, and gradually introduce the long train ol Pulmonary affections. The Pills ap pease the cough, promote easy expectoration, very essentially relieve, nod often entirely eur», the most obstinate and distressing eases. Common Colds arc visually removed hy the Pills in a few hours. I.i die harassing nndsiiffocnllng complain! ofil:e,dv<,i mi, the Pdls give immediate relipf. They mitigate the complaint, ami generally effect a radical cure, in those Asthmatic attac ks characterized hy difficulty of breathing, tightness and stricture across the breast and in the lungs, oppressive flatulences, wheezing, rough ing, hoarseness, costiveness, and many oiher asthmat ic symptoms. As llie Pills require in ordinary cases no confine ment. they may he administered with confidence and safety to all ages and rinsers of people. Unexampled eiieeess has hitherto attended their administration in a great vnriety of rases; and the Proprietor run refer to vi multitude, wliieli testify to their efficacy in reviving the cm iciated victim from the lied of disease, and re storing him to the blessings of accustomed health nnd activity. IF H E BENEFICIAL EFFECTS Rtsul ting from the administraion of Dr. Rrlfe's Asthmatic and Consumptive Pills, cxhibiteu in the following casts : A Physician, M D. and Druggist, recently writes; “The Asthmatic Pdls (Relfe’s) are invariably well spoken of by those who use them.’’ Mrs.——, of Boston, was three years seriously af flicted with consumptive symptoms, ns pain in the siur. nlmost perpetual rough, spitting of blood, g- nernl de bility, &c. In ihi* distressing state, unable to sit up, and not expecting to live many days, she was advised t<> lake Dr.Relic’s Asthmatic Pills, and a'so Dr.Jehb’s Liniment to be applied to her side, which she did, and to the astonishment of every one, in a short time she was perfectly resiored to health. A Lady ol Framingham, was severely afflicted with cough, spitting of blood, and general debility, on tak ing two bottles of these Pills, nnd one box ofDr.Relfe’s Anti-biiious Pills, was restored to perfect health. An elderly person in this vicinity, who had suffered inurh for years by a most distressing asthma, had tried nlmost every thing rrrummrmled, which only at times gave temporary relief, and usually a more violent re turn of her complaint, lias rereutlv made use of the above Pills with more beneficial effects than any thing she lias ever used before. A Young Lady at M—, had been troubled with a very had rough, so violent as at times to rack and ha rass her exceedingly; a consumption was feared, (as her mother had died of that complaint)—she wns im mediately relieved, and subsequently eulirely cured by Dr. Relfe’s Asthmatic Pills. Price $1 for whole, boxes of 30 pills, and 50 cents * for half do. ol 12 pit's, with directions. None genuine unless signed on the outside printed „ wrapper by the sole ptoprielor, T. KIDDER, immedi ' ale successor la the late Dr. XV. T. Conway. For sale, * with all the other “Conway Medicines,” at his Count ing Room. Nu.99. next door to J. Kidder's Drug Store, corner of Court and Hanover streets, near Concert Hall, Boston; and by his special appointment, by Samuel Buel am Lee tf Beckwith, Litchfield; E. Cowles, South Farms; Daniel Norton, Canaan; Judson tf Whittlesey, N- Preston ; Dr. Humphrey, Salisbury; George Taylor, New- Milford; Pitkin tf Swift, Norfolk. I-arge discount to those who bey to sell again. December 23 1 e5wlv'".9 FOR SALE, BIT J. BABBITT, One Dour East of the Court House, HARPER’S new edition of Russell’s Mo dern Europe, continuation by Jones, 3 --Vole.—cheap. Scott’s Bible, price J IS. Quarto, School and Pocket BIBLES, at -reduced prices. Cap and Letter PAPER, by the ream. BLANK WORK, -* S"od assortment, prices from *5 to SO cents the quire. STATIONARY. ' Po£jt<!t an<* P*a Knires, cheap. blJIks of aU kinds usually called fpr, printed on good paper, and sold as low as at any store in this town, or even in “ the States,” be tlia prices what they may. Litchfield, Jan. It, 1 SSI St ( Translated from 1st Courier des Etats Unis.f THE ALGERINE BALL. Algerine civilization has been opener] by a ball ! An enchanting ball ! A ball with chandeliers, and curtains, and lemon ade, and ice-creams served by eunuchs! on the right hand may be heard the merry sound of violins ; on the left, conversation carried on in Arabic ; the dogs bark in the street; the sacred stork rests upon the mi | naret ; and the chaiupnigne hies up to the arabesque ceiling. * God is grnat!’ % * * • * * Make room for the ladies ! At 8 o’clock they arrive—not in carria ges with armorial bearings—for in Algiers (he sedan cliaits and litters, in use from the time of Clovis to Louis 14th, are still fash ionable. The beautiful young Jewesses are mounted on mules, richly caparisoned in Spanish style. Their ample, flowing dra pery, fastened at the throat, is composed of embroidered brocade, which sparkles in (he darkness, like a fire-brand when it is crushed ; pyramids of golden tears are on their heads ; their eve-brows are painted ; and their white teeth are white enough to make one die of love. Who is it exclaims, * En verite, ces dames sont clinrmnntes !’ (* Truly, these women are beautiful !') Look at the win dows,and you will see whence the cxclama liun conies. I ask pardon of the reader, —there ard no windows ; but look in the street, look upon the terraces, look in the galleries, and you will see Frenchmen—a crowd of Frenchmen—in splendid military costume, flittering wiih epaulettes, sabres, and poniards. It is the Frenchman, who exclaims, * These women are beautiful !’ A compliment is always understood by the ladies. Speak flattery to a Scotch damsel in Russia, to a Norman in Turk, to an Algerine in French—no matter, the la dies will understand it. Tho hand of the 15th is playing divine ly in the first saloon ; the slippered feet of die ladies glide voluptuously over tho va riegated floor, and their transparent drape ry floats along the walls of Parian marble. In the second saloon are sonorous time pieces, on which gods, goddesses, and cu pids mark the flying hour; and the blue carpets are scattered with rose?. In tho third room are displayed tho presents of tho Dey of Tunis. Pistols, arid jewelled poniards, mantles of tiger skin, pipes of yellow and white amber, saddles and housings of lion skin and ga zelle skin, oriental stirrups wrought in damask work, and perfumes that might render an old man young again. In a word, this room is a perfect chapter in the thousand and one Arabian Nights. It makesone think that Uaroun-el-Raschid is still alive, and that the enchanted rose, the speaking bird, and the singing tree will soon present themselves. Before entering the ball-room every gen tleman presents:! bouquet of flowers to his partner, and each lady in return is introdu ced to the brave commander, General Clause!. All isready in the ball-room. The vio lins are tuned ; the gentlemen take their places; and the ladies blush, as they see themselves reflected in the mirrors. The first couple moves forward. Prodigious ! Prodigious! It was very little to have broken through the customs of a thousand years, to have uncovered their faces, and to have gone out at night to a ball—the Jewesses have made a sacrifice infinitely greater, to please their fascinating conquer ors—They have actually put on stockings ! embroidered stockings ! No wonder they are a little embarassed in the zephyr step. When ihe contre-dance is finished, cakes, ices, and lemonade are served ; they laugh and talk in the cool alcoves—Rane lagh &, Bagdad seem to have met together. Silence! Silence! Here come the Tu nisian ambassadors. Bring champaignc, and ices for the gentlemen ! They are not grave, diplomatic, or list less. They talk cheerfully and freely with the managers about camels, ministers, fine women, and tobacco; and then they go out upon the terrace to smoke. At midnight the danco is renewed. The ladies are gayer than ever ; the ambassa dors more blue ; and the Frenchmen glori ously intoxicated wilh lovoly Moriscas, and Jewish damsels, with beautiful stockings, still more beautiful without them. At two o’clock the galloppade is propos ed. The East and the West fly through the rooms hand in hand—pearls trembling, and poniards glittering, uud ringing as they go! The farewell is said. The mules are caparisoned in the court; the slaves stand ready with the sedans; the managers of fer their arms; the night is finished ; the ball and its glories have passed away. But Algiers is conquered—civilization has subdued it. Her Jewesses have worn stockings!—and the Tunisian ambassa dors have danced the galloppade! ! Mechanics’ Wives.—Speaking of the middle ranks of life, a good writer ob serves,—There we behold woman in ail her glory ; not a doll to carry silks and jewels, not a puppet to be dangled and flat tered by fops, an idol for profane adora tion, reverence to-day, discarded to-mor spected ; desired, but not esteemed ; rul ing by passion, not affection; imparting her weakness, not her constancy, to the sex she should exalt; the source and mir ror of vanity ; we see her as a wife, par taking the cares and cheering the anxiety of a husband ; dividing his toils by her domes tic diligence, sprawling cheerfulness ar ound her; for his sake sharing the decent refinement of the world Without being vain of them ; placing ail her pride, all her joy, all her happiness^ hi the merited approba tion of the man she loves. As a mother, we find her the affectionate, the ardent in structress of the children whom she has tended from their infancy ; training thgm up to thought and virtue, to meditation and benevolence ; addressing them as rational i beings and preparing them to become men and women in their’turn—-Mechanics’ daughters makes the best wives in the world. PRUDENTIAL MATCHES. Mortals have a general love of taking ! destiny from the hands of Providence, but , in nothing does it show itself so strongly as in matrimonial affairs. It is a rare thing to find parents wise enough to let the matches of their children entirely alone.— No wondcrgirls think of nothing but beaux, when <“ prudent connections and eligible matches” are the everlasting theme of dis course. Love and matrimony are things which should come unlooked for, if they come at all. All rules and arguments, and management upon the subject, are fatal to the delicacy and refinement of female char acter. A daughter should never hear her marriage speculated upon at all. The fact is, the young think too little of money in concerns of the heart, and the old thiuk too much ; but the fault of the young is far the best. The want of money is no doubt a very great evil, but assuredly love is better without money, than money with- j out love ! Time, and industry, and econ- | omy, will infallibly gain gold : but alas ! j alas for the chained affections ! their bon- j dage is eternal. Yet I have known those who jeered at economy, as a most con temptible virtue, indicative of the absence of all high and honorable feelings. I have known such among the avowed advocates of marrying for wealth. As if there could be any bondage so vile as the life lease of a | reluctant soul ! any bargain and corruption i so mean and so degrading as the sulo of the affections. After all, to look upon tv hat arc called prudential matches, merely as a mutter of policy, do we find them usually successful 1 I do not say happy—do they answer the ] end for which they were so laboriously j schemed ? Not in one instance out of ten ! I know a rich man in whom the love oft gold has swallowed up all the kindlier feel-1 ings. He argued, and persuaded, and coax ed his favorite daughter to marry a million of dollars against her will. The victim re sisted, and yielded at last to the powerful arguments that love matches were always unhappy, and the love that comes after marriage is by far the most enduring. For a little while, all was pomp and splendor. In two short years, where was the million gone? the sea had swallowed it,—fires had consumed it, and the whirlwind had swept it away. Even according to her father’s views, she might as well have married the man she liked best. So vain is it for mor tals to contend with Providence. Another in the middle class of life, had the same views, on a mote moderate scale. He had a pretty,capable, intelligent daugh ter whose hand watsought by a coarse and selfish man, whom she regarded with utter aversion. But the coarse and selfish man had gold,—accursed, polluting gold, and with it he bought the father’s heart. Long and varied were the persecutions which broke the spirit* of the young creature, be fore they persuaded her that worldly pru- 1 dence sanctioned perjury. What could he expect from such an union I But the self ish man was selfish still; for he who con sents to take a wife upon such terms, is ig norant of the pure and holy affection that elevates and improves the whole character. His fortune is nearly spent in dissipation ; and she does her duty, as well as patience and gentleness can do it, towards her neg ligent and unfeeling husband. If a parent have any heart, must h not bleed to see such fruit from his cold-blooded maxims 1 Assuredly tho thoughtless experience of the young, could hardly work out more complete destruction than this restless and officious avarice. Ye that are wise, let such subjects alone !—Give your children high and honorable principles. Teach them not to mistake the violence of pass ion, or caprice of fancy, for pure and holy love—and when you have done this, trust the rest to God ! THE RUSSIAN PESTILENCE. Extract of a letter to Dr. Felix Patealit, oj N. Y. dated Petrie, Not. 8, 1830. 1 have as yet received but incomplete information respectingihat terrible disease. The Emperor.has offered an immense pie mium (25,000 florins) for the best work on the subject, on the nalare of the deadly poison and on the manner in which it could be so rapidly propagated through the most distant regions. A medical commission is already made up and departing to inquire | af>ds of the Indiau Ocean, especially one of the Philippines and Manilla. I would presume that its virulent elements are con tained exclusively in a horizontal column of gazeous strata of clouds propelled by the winds, but maintained by their specific gravitation at a moderate height. These remaining unmixed or diluted, are accord ing to the. disposition of early surfaces, high or low, mountains or plains, and stag* naitt waters, &c. which will more or less attract the infecting molecules, and must fix the disease among breathing animals, at the same time, although a great distance from each other. It is also probable that the higher points above, which soonest at tack the clouds, may become the earlier focus of the pestilence than the lower ones, the soils of which are frequently of a con trary nature. The march or progress ol this fatal Cholera Morbus from the most distant climes, and through separate fo cuses at diversfied degrees of elevation, and within the period of a few years, seems to justify and authorise our conjecture. I regret much that tho Russian Autocrat has been in such haste to invite medical or philosophical inquiries to furnish him with observations and "facts, by the allure ment of the most splendid premium, which will most assuredly biing on some prema ture work* and not giving time to other the orists and medical practitioners from differ ent nations, who have witnessed and at tended numerous prevalences of this terri ble malady, in India, in the Oriental Coasts of tliu Pacific, and other parts of Asia. Their studies, therefore, and prac tical experiments, so important to deter mine the symptoms and nature of the pes tilence, and chiefly to ascertain whether or not the virulent elytfticnts of this Cholera Morbus can, like that of Small Pox, regen erate itself at each focus where it has pre vailed, wiji all probably be lost. P. S. C. From the Utica Citizen. Interesting Anecdote.—The following anecdote was related by Wm. II. Maynard, Esq. at a meeting of the Lyceum in Utica. “ In December807, Mr. M. was teaching school for a quarter in the town of Plainfield, Mass. One cold blustering morning, on entering his school room, he observed a lad that he had not seen before, sitting on one of the benches. Tho lad soon made known his errand to Mr. M.— He was fifteen years old ; bis parents liv ed seven miles distant; he wanted an ed ucation ; and had come from home on foot that morning to see if Mr. M. could help him to contrive how to obtain it. “ Mr. M. asked him if he was acquaint ed with any one in the place? No. Do your parents know any person here ? No. Have you any friends that can givo you assistance? No. Well, how do you ex pect to obtain an education? I don’t know, but I thought 1 would come and see | yrtu. Mr. M. told him to stay that day,' and ho would see what could be done.— He discovered that tho boy was possessed of good sense, but no uncommon brillian cy ; and he was particularly struck with the cool and resolute manner with which he undertook to conquer difficulties which would have intimidated common minds, in tho course of the day, Mr. M. made pro visions for having him boarded through the winter in the family with himself, the lad paying for his board by his services out ol school. He gave himself diligently to stu dy, in which he made good but not rapid proficieucy, improving everjr opportunity of reading and conversation for acquiring knowledge; and thus spent the ivinter. “ When Mr. M. left the place iu the spring, he engaged a minister, who resi ded about four miles from the boy’s futlier, to hear his recitations ; and the boy accor dingly boarded at home and pursued his studies. It is unnecessary to pursue the narrative further. Mr. M. had never seen the lad since. But this was the history of tho Rev. Jonas King, whose exertions in the cause of oriental learning, and in alle viating the miseries of Greece, have en deared him alike to the scholar and the philanthropist, and shed a bright ray of glo ry on his native country.” GUESSING. EXTRACT. ‘ One day, I was parsing a verb, and said as usual. Indicative mood.’ * No,* re plied my teacher. Subjunctive ? ‘ No.’ Imperative? ‘No.’ Infinitive? ‘No; once more, and you will guess right.’ » Guess right;’ there it is ; it it guess ing, all guessing, and nothing else. Com paratively speaking, there is nothing but ‘guess-work* in one half of the recitations iu one half of the common public schools, in the study of grammar, particularly, the in structions of the; book and the teacher are not understood, being far from simple, an alytic and natural. The pupil gets no clue to the meaning of his lesson, no starting post or guide-board, and therefore cannot advance in discoveries himself. He conies up to recite without a scrap of knowledge of the matter, in which lie can fed any con fidence. What can lie do but guess, aud continue to guess until he guesses rigiit ? Take an example. He knows nouns and verbs ; as, * M«n may obtuin knowledge.* He begins, • Men is n common noun, sin gular number, and nominative cast* to may j obtain i nominative easo governs the verb;’ and such is bis rapid ami mumbling story, mood, present tense, third person siguular and agrees with men; verb must agree with the nominative case in number and person.* And such is the song on every verb that occurs, whatever the mode or tense may be. If he gets the number wrong, he can guess right the very-next time. If the mode or tense is wrong, his conjectural powers may be more severe ly taxed before he ‘ hits it right.’ Thor ough instruction in the first principles, and a steady advancement no faster than he could feel firm ground beneath him, would enable a pupil both to give the correct statement and assign a reason for it. It is but little better in the study of Ar ithmetic. There are rules, to be sure, and examples for illustration of the rules ; but no reason assigned, either for the rule it self or the application of it. The pupil goesses such a process will give the right answer; and the teacher guesses he has found it, though he does not positively know. But both together, with all their wits, cannot even ‘guess’ how the author of the Arithmetic could make such a com plete rule, and one that will * work out the sums’ so exactly. The same ‘ guessing* propensities run through all the classes, among pupils of every age. Young New England^ secni born with this peculiar genius ; ana if they failed to show it in early infancy, it would be very soon beaten into them at school.— Both schoolmasters and scholars are gen erally full-blooded and legitimate Yanked. Tliis guessing spirit, however, is of a prying uneasy character,; and people have guessed so long, that now they are resolv ed to know something. There is a demand for real knowledge. Teachers are becom ing dissatisfied with themselves, while they are unable to impart real instruction.— Children are asking the why and the wherefore ; and their eyes sparkle with de light, when they are permitted to discover the light. We ‘ guess’ it will not be long before parents, and districts, and towns, will dis cover somo of the long established abuses and bo willing to abolish them. Education Reporter.' The Literary Husband.—Dr. Thomas Morel!, the celebrated lexicographer, and author of the “ Annotations on Locke’s Essays,” was one day busily engaged in translating for itio book seller, Libanius, when a messenger came to his study and told him that his wife, who had been, lan guishing sometime, had relapsed into a se vere fit of sickness, and that dreading her dissolution was at hand,she wished to speak to him immediately. “ Go,” said he, “and tell her I have only two periods to translate, and I will then como to see her.’’ A second messenger informed him that sho was in the last agonies of struggling nature!—“ I have not more than two words to finish for the printer’s devil at my elbow,” said the doctor; “ return to hor ; 1 shall be there as soon as you.” A mo ment after, her death was announced to him. “ I ijm very sorry, indeed,” he ob served, ** f.>r she was a kind good woman ; I have how, however, time to finish my translation.” A Connecticut Story.—It is well known thut in the good old days of our fathers, when New England was truly the land of steady habits, tliero would occalfonally spring up a volatile and fun-loving char acter, whose disposition and habits with tlio upright and conscientious bearing of the puritans, formed a striking contrast.— There wero two farmers of this cast who lived very near each other; one was the owner of some dozen of sheep, who hav ing a decided antij^ithy to confinement, would sometimes trespass on the enclosures of their master’s neighbor. The other having caught them itt one of these overt ucls determined to inflict summary ven geance on them and their owner. With this intent he proceeded to catch them, and running his knifo through one of their hind legs, between the tendon and the bone, immediately alJfcve the knee joint, put the other leg through the hole. In this con dition, the woolly flock decamped leaving one quarter less tracks, thnn when they came. The feeder of the sheep kept his own counsel; and soon after his neighbor’s ^ hogs having broken or dug into bis enclo sures, be took advantage of this opportu nity' for retaliation, cutting their mouths from ear to ear. In this way tlie four footed grunters, rather chop-fallen, made their way to their own quarters. The owner of tlio swine soon made his appear ance in great rage, declaring his bogs were ruined, and that he would have redress.— His neighbor mad® an answer that it was uot him who ruiaed them, “ For," says he “ the fact is friend I didn’t cut open them are hog’s mouths, but seeing my sheep runnin on three legs, they split their mouths a laughin."—Fitchburg Gas. A witness being colled into court tt» tee** tify in a certain cause there pending} on being asked what be knew of the matter, gave the following lucid evidence, lie 4| undertakes to relate a conversation between himself and tin* defendant.