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Litchfield enquirer. [volume] (Litchfield, Conn.) 1829-current, January 07, 1847, Image 2

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uniform and betrayed it® conPdence, add*
the eternal infamy of the parricide* and
the traitor.
Prom the National Intelligencer.
The War with Mexico.
Nearly three fourth* of the Message is
devoted to a justification of this war and oi
the part which the President has acted in
relation to it. Of this elaborate defence,
applying the old adage, Qui /’excuse s'ac
cuse, we might perhaps content -»uiselves
with saying that such a defence is of itself
a confession of error. But, when this vin
dication is put upon the ground of correct
ing intentional misrepresentations of the
conduct of the Executive, charged to have
been made with intent to give “aid and com
fort” to the enemy, we arc obliged to enter
into a more particular examination of the
points of this defence, and to show wherein
they are erroneous, illusory, or deceptive.
No one can have perused this long defence
of the conduct of the Executive, partaking
more of the character of a one-sided argu
ment by a professional advocate, than the
calm, fair, and frank exposition of an im
portant subject by the Chief Magistrate of
a great People to their Representatives,
without remarking that there is in it a sys
tematic attempts to bring up new issues, in
order to withdraw the public mind from the
first and main one.
. ii.L _/• vr_i_.
un me inn oi may tasr, u»e rresiueni
by his Message 10 Congress, proclaimed thai
war existed between Mexico aad the United
States. Congress is the only power whicl:
can rightfully and constitutionally put the
United Stales at war: that body had made
no move establishing that relation betweer
the United States and Mexico ; and yet be
fore this Message was penned, the thunder:
of the cannon of Palo Alto and Resaca d<
la Palma had announced it to the world
As Congress certainly did not bring this
war, the question is, was it by Mexico or bj
the President of the United States that i
was brought on ? This is the iraportan
question which the President would eludi
in his elaborate enumeration of wrongs in
flicted by Mexico npon the United States
which he concludes were sufficient to have
authorized the United Slates to declare wai
against Mexico. Grant his conclusion, and
whose business and right was it to make
this war? It belonged to Congress only,
not to the President or any other authority
on earth. Grant that there existed suffi
cient cause ti require the United States to
make war upon Mexico, the President him
self has, in referring to the example and
message of President Van Buren, informed
us what was his own duty in such a conjec
ture. He says:
“President Van Buren, in his Annual
Message to Congress of 5th Dec. 1837,states
that ‘ although the large numbers' of our de
mands for redress, * and man/ of them ag
gravated cases of personal wrongs, havr
been now for years before the Mexican Gov
eminent, and some of the causes of nation
al complaint, and those of the most offensive
character admitted of iir.medi..t , sir- p •, a d
satisfactory replies, it is only within a few
days past that any specific communication
in answer to our last demand, made five
months ago, has been received from the
Mexican Minister;' and that ‘for not one of
our public’complaints has satisfaction been
given or offered ; that but one of the cases
of personal wrong has been favorably con
sidered; and that but four cases of both de
scriptions, out of all those formeily presen
ted and earnestly pressed, have as yet been
decided upon by the Mexican Government.1
President Van Buren believing that it
would be in vain to make any farther at
tempt to obtain redress by the ordinary
- means within the power of the Executive,
communicated this opinion lo Congress in
the Message referred to, in which he said :
“On a careful and deliberate examination
ol the contents (of the Correspondence of
the Mexican Government.) and considering
the spirit manifested by the Mexican Gov
ernment it has become my painful duty to
return the subject as it now stands to Con
gress, to whom it belongs to decide upon the
time, the mode, and the measures of ret'e,.-*.’
Such was the course of President. Polk
himself. How pointedly does is not rebuke
his own course under circumstances not
materially different! Mr. Van Buren did
not deem himself authorized by these con
siderations ia the existing state of things in
Mexico, to “ recommend” to Congress to de
clare war against her; nor did Mr. Polk
think, at the beginning of the last session,
that the inquiries which he bow enumerates |
authorized that extreme measure, or he,
would have sent in such a “recommenda
tion” himself.
Being eonvincou tnat war was a - nec
essary anil expedient measure,” it was
his constitutional duty to “ recomend it
to Congress," and failing to ilo so he
would have been culpably durilict. If
in tho course of the session, any thing oc
curred to bring him to a different conclu
sion, Mr. Van Buren had instructed him
that it was his duty to lay tho whole
subject before Congress, “ t> whom it
belonged to docide upon the time, the
inode, and the measure of redress" to be
had from Mexico. Nay, Mr. Polk hint
self was, at the opening of the last session
of Congress, fully sensible of what his
duty was, when he informed tho two hou
ses, in his annual Message, that he for
bore at that time “torecommend [to Cong
res] such ulterior measures of redress,"
tic., in consequence of the pendency of
te mission of Mr. Slidell.
Let it be admitted thut the U. S. have
buffered much wrong from Mexico—en
o tgh without swelling it by the elaborate
exaggeration in which the President in
dulges himself in his message. But who
have been tho immediate cause and in
strument of these wrongs 1 Usurpers,
men who have disregarded and trampled
upon her Constitution and forms of law ;
who have pul down all order and legal
accountability--and in their stead have
introduced universal confusion and mili
tary anarchy. So far from having uny
regular nnd account ablej Government,
the social system offhe Mexicans It ax for
years exhibited u continued series of al
most entire disorganiz ition. iho sad
destiny has boon brought upon them l> y
tha delinquency, the violetico and the
crimes of their rulers. Admit th it tho in -
iurjes which wo have received at the
unds of Mexico h ivo baen sutli tent to
excite n desire for redress, or, if you will,
even for vengeance : yet when we look
at things as they exist in that unhappy
country,nnd reflect that her down ’rod
den masses, upou whom chiefly the cal
amities of war fall, are innocent of our
wrongs, and have not the power to right
them, pity and humanity arrest the pur.
poa 'hat would inf i ■ pon hem th . i r
tul scourge ol war. Our arms might car
ry desolation and mourning into oil tbu
hovels and miserable masses of Mexico,
while the real delinquents would be well
as secure from harm as the true author ol
this war, almost enthroned as he is in the
palace in this Metropolis. But had the
Provident recommended war instead of do
clurtug that he torborcto do so, Congress
might or might not have declared it.—
Probably not. a* the President admitted
lhat an existing Government in Mexico,
w as disposed to receive a ministry from
us to settle existing difficulties, und also
that the country was on the verge of one
its frequent revolutions. If disputed to
tuUea remedy into our own hands. Con
gress might have authorized reprisals up
on Mexico; a measure shortot war, that
President J.njksoii h id recomonded, and
which was then und at all t mes amply
sufficient lor redress, and for every pur
pose except to despoil Mexico of a portion
of her territory.
Put, to return to them d rial question
between President Poll; <u;d the American
People : Hair, ami by whom was th's rear
begun ? Il by Mexico, lie stands absolved ;
il°by himself, hn has far surpassed all his
predecessors in bolJ abuse oi power.
No threats on the part of Mexico am
ounted to War. In August, 184o, th
American Army by order of the Presidem
took post at Corpus Christi, on the wes'
bank of the Nueces, and within the line
of the Texan settlements. It remained
in that position, unmolested by the Mexi
cans* until March, 1810, when under or
de.aof the War Department, it mover
forward to occupy a position on the Rii
Grande. In the execution ot the order:
of the President, the Commanding Gencr
al overthrew by military force, and ex
pelled the Mexican authorities from San
lingo, took post on the Rio Grande, forti
tied his camp, mounted his cannon son
to command the town of Matamoras,am
cut off all communications with it b}
blockading the mouth of the river oi
which it stands. Up to that time Mcxi
co had sent no forces across the Rii
Grande. The Texans had no settlement
or posts (nor ever have they had any) oi
the Rio Grande, upon any of its tributa
ties, or within its long vailey, from it
sources to its mouth. Texan officers, law;
or jurisdiction had never been seen or ex
isted anywhere on the borders of the Rii
' Grnnde, from the Green Mountains to tin
Gulf. On the contrary, the « hole length o
the country had beea discovered by tin
I Mexicans, and their uninterrupted posses
sion had conlinued up to that day. lie
gining with the city of Taos, more than oni
thousand miles up the Kio Grande,the Mex
icans had east of that river towns am:
cities, Santa Ciuz, Santa Fe (the capitalo:
New Mexico,) San Miguel, San Domingo
Albuquerque, Toreon, Tolillas, Tajiqna
Nultras, Tacira, Valverde, Fra Cristobal,
Old Presido, Dolores, Laredo, and Point Is
abel, stretching the whole length of the
river, from its sources to the Gulf. From
the time that Mexico became independent
of old Spain,her jurisdiction, her laws, and
her officers had swayed over all these cities
and towns, and the entire rural population ot
the country. Texas never had a foothold
in the country of the Rio Gtande. Such
was the state of things until it was first in
terrupted, and has since been subverted, by
our army; and all this was as well known
to the President as to any other man. liotli
Mexico and President Polk have declared
to the world that the United States and
Mexico were at peace, before Gen. Taylor
was ordered <o march from the Neuces to
the Rio Gnnde. Certainly Mexico had not
made war upon the United States. No per
son will deuy that a war like act is war.
Are not the marching of an army of one
nation into territory that has ever been in
the unbroken possession of another with
which, it is at peace, and where the juris
diction laws, and authorities of the country
thus assaulted have been daily enforced, and
the overthrow of these laws and authorities
by the invading army, ami the substitution
of its military rule, warlike acts? If these
acts necessarily lead !o war, it is not corr.pe.
tent for the President to authorize them, be
cause the Constitution vests tin: whole war
powerof the Government in Congress. Rut
such acts arc War, and in a most offensive
[ form. Our armies have taken possession of
a good part of New Mexico and Chihuhna,
without any actual conflict of arms; anti
who will not say that we have not made
war upon those Mexican States? No; the
President has no more right or constitution
al power, of himself, to undertake such acts,
than he has to appropriate money in the
Treasury, or to decide cases in the Supe
rior Court.
But the Message assumes boldly that the
Rio Grande, fiom its month to its notice, is
the western boundary of Texas. It predi
cates this conclusion mainly upon the
grounds that Texas had always claimed to
that boundary ; that her Congress, by the
act of 1835, declared it to be so; ‘ that in
her treaty with Santa Anna, in May, 183(5,
he recognized it as such ;’ and that • Texas,
as ceded to the United States by France in
1803, has been always claimed as extending
west to the Rio Grande, or Rio Bravo.’—
His, proposition then is, that as Texas by
annexation, became a State ol the Union,
and her western boundary was the Rio
Giande, the United States extended to that
line, and it was his duty to ‘ see that her
laws were faithfully executed,’ up to it.
Let us rapidly examine these vatious
points. By the resolution annexing Texas,
Congress did not recognise the Rio Grande,
or any other line, as the western boundary
of Texas. There has been at no time a
controversy or doubt upon the true position
of any other titan the western boundary oi
Texas; and in reference to this line, the
resolution of annexation expressly included
only ‘ the territory properly included within
and rightfully belonging to the Republic ol
Texas;’cautiously providing, in addition,
that said State (of Texas) was ‘to be for
med subject to the adjustment by this Gov
ernment ol all questions ol boundaty that
may arise with other Governments.’ If ere
is a district recognition that this western
boundary was unsettled, and a condition
imposed which, in terms, was accepted toby
Texas, that its adjustment with Mexico
should be made by the Government of the
United States. Will anyone maintain that
that the President, of himself, can adjust
and determine the unsettled boundaries of
the Uuited States ? That can be done only
! by the treaty-making power, the President
| and the Senate act ng by two thirds, and
tliis true and constitutional mode of settling
I the question is provided for by the articles
| of annexation. To the extent of the dispute
I in relatiou to the true locality of the west
I ern boundary line of Texas, it was the duly
| of the President of the United States to
await the action of the treaty-making pow
cr w ith Mexico. But such constitutional
delay dut not suit his purposes, lie was
resolved to have what he then thought
would be an easy, speedy and triumphant
i brush with Mexico, and, as his occupation
j of Texas to the utmost verge of her settle
ments west of the Nueces for six months
would nut exact the first fire from her, he
was resolved to make the war himseli, al
though Congress was then in session. He
therefore ordered the array to maic i in hos.
tile array to the Rio Grande. If this posi
tion of his, that the western boundary ot
the United States extended along that river
fiom its mouth to its source, and it was his
duty to maintain the jurisdiction and to
execute the laws of The United States up to
it, was not an after thought, why did he not
immediately upon annexation march oar
army upon Santiago ; break op the Mexican
| custom house there, and drive her officers,
‘ laws and authority from the noil of the
United Slates? Why should he delay this
work for months, if he was so urgently im
pelled by his oath and duty ? Santa Fe, too,
the capital of New Mexico, was same miles
within the United Slates, according to his
present position. It was the seat of a for
eign conflicting Government, which was
then maintaining an adverse rule over
about as many Mtxican towns citits and
people east of the Rio Giande as there were
in the entire country between that river and
1 the the Sabine which acknowledged the ju
risdiction of Texas. If the lower pait of
j that stream was the boundary of the United
■ States on the annexation of Texas, accord
, >
I ing to his own position the river was a coo
Uinuaiionof the same boundary line to its
! source. If he was bound as President to as
i serl the jurisdiction of the United States,
I and execute their laws at Santiago, was lie
j not under a stronger obligation to expel a
! foreign Goverument from Santa Fe and to
i reduce that capital and all its dependencies
| under our laws and authority? Yet this
! he never attempted ordreamed of until Con
! gross recognized the unconstitutional war
ii which he ha.l commenced. In such difft
I cullies does a departure from principle in
i volve men.
“Texas, as ceded to the United States by
. France, in 1803, has been always claimed
as extending West to the Rio Grande, or the
i Rio Era vo,” says the Message. Now,
I Fiance never ceded Texas to the United
Stales at all; she ceded Lonsiana which, the
i United States contended, included all the
■ countiy between the xMississippi River and
i the Rocky Mountains from the source of
i that river to the Rio Grande. The state
nient that France ceded to the United Stales
. Texas, eo nomine, can have no other effect
i ihan to produce a false impression upon the
public mind. Spain always controverted
. the position that Louisiana extended to the
, Rio Grande. But that is neither the main
. nor a collateral question in this matter; it
r is only thrown in to distract and to lead the
. mind from the true points. Louisana and
Texas once had a common recognized boun
dary, and that was the River Nueces. The
} query, however, is as to the boundary of
| Texas. Spain owned and was possessed of
I Louisana, which she ceded to France by the
treaty of October, 1800. Before this cei
.sion she was undisputed soverein of Louis
iana, of Texas, New-Mexico, and all the
other provinces of Mexico. She held and
possessed them all by a certain and definite
boundary, and the Western line of Texas,
in which she made settlements more than a
century ago, was the River Nueces. Her
I ancient, first and only capital of New-Mexi
co continued to be Sante Fe, -which it
could not have been had the province of
Louisiana extended to the Rio Grande. Af
ter she ceded Louisiana to France, during
the whole period of its possession by that
power, and after its transfer by her to the
United States, Santa Fe continued to he
the undisputed capital of New-Mexico,
where its government was fully and un
interruptedly administered.
[To be Continued ]
SERMONS ARE LIKE GUNS.
Some are large, others small— some
are long, others short—some are new oth
ers old—some are bright, others lusty—
some arc made to be looked at, others to
boused—some are loaded, others empty ;
some are owned, others borrowed.
Somo iiie air-guns, somo pop-guns,
some of every size, from the pocket pis
tol to the Puixhun gun. Some are charg
ed with powder, und make a great noise
and smoke. Some send only small shot,
that irritate rather than kill. Some carry
heavy metal, that does execution. Some
discharge chain shot,mowing down whole
platoons. Some are wide-mouthed mor
tars, throwing only bomb shells. Some
are like dueling pistols, used only in con
troversy—vile things !
Some go off half bent. Some flash in
the pan. Some make a terrible fiz, the
charge all escaping at the priming hole.
Some shoot too high, some too low, some
sideways, a few directly at the point, and
are aimed at nothing, and hit it. Somo
scatter prodigously—some kick theirown
ersover. Somo aro unerring—others al
ways hit the wrong object. Some have
too much wadding, and vice versa.
Somo are ularm guns—o'Uwfjs aro com.
plimcntary guns, used only for salutes on !
special occasions. Some are in a series '
constituting a battery—others are swivels
made to turn in any direction. Some are
useful, some are useless, some dangerous
Some amuse, some frighten, some exas
perate, some explode, some gain the vic
tory.
Very much depends upon the man
ner in which they are made and mana
ged.—Chr, Watchman.
Something of a Blow Ur.—The West
I ern Reserve College, at Hudson, like all
similar institutions, lias some very unfor
1 tunata tutors, and some very bad boys.
; Last wc-k, while one of the tutors was
hearing a class, his recitation room was
suddenly lit up and his e irs m rsl rudely
greeted with about 5300 lire crackers, all
; going olF in a string. It no doubt bro’t
to mind the battles of Palo Alto and Re
j sneu de la Ptlma. Some days alter, a
prayer meeting was to be held in the
j chapel. The stand drawer was loaded
i with gunpowder and a slow match appli
i cd, calculated to ignite it about the
i time the congregation stioul J ho fully ns
_ sembled. It however exploded before
many were in, shivering the stand to pei
: ccs, blowing windows and blinds clear
Irom their placas, breaking down a par
tition of folding doors, which led into a
recitation room, and upsetting a large
stove full of fire. Happily no one was
seriously injured. No clue to the rogue
yet.—Cleveland {O ,) Plaindeakr.
Maine Representative Election.—We see
that papers out of the Stale have stated
that the Locos have already elected • ma
jority of the House. This is a mistake.—
The House now stands, 70 Whigs and Abo
litionists, io 71 Locos. The latter, then,
must carry 5 out of 9 that are yet to be cho
sen, iu order to give them tbe majority.
This they cannot do if the opposition make
half the effort made by the Locos at the last
trial —Bath Tribune.
COUNTING-HOUSE ALMANAC FOR
1847.
! J ? ! ? H
a. g g S- 2 a 3
“ oog I- '< §•
? sc *« a. <5 <«
* ; • : : :
JANUARY. 's 4 '5
10 11 12 13 14 15 16
17 18 19 20 21 22 23
24 25 26 27 28 29 30
31
FEBRUARY. 1 2 3 4 5 0
7 8 9 10 11 12 13
14 15 10 17 18 19 20
21 22 23 24 25 26 27
28
MARCH 1 2 3450
2 9 10 11 12 13
14 15 10 17 18 19 20
21 22 23 24 25 26 27
29 29 30 31
APRIL 1 2 3
A 4 5 0 7 8 9 10
11 12 13 14 13 16 17
18 19 20 21 22 23 24
25 26 27 27 29 30
MAY. I
2 3 4 5 0 7 8
9 10 11 12 13 14 15
16 47 18 19 20 21 22
23 24 25 26 27 29 29
30 31
JUNE. 1 2 3 4 5
0 7 8 9101112
13 14 15 16 17 IS 19
* 20 21 22 23 24 25 28
29 28 29 30 31
JULY. 1 2 3
4 5 6 7 8 9 10
11 12 13 11 15 16 17
18 19 20 21 22 23 24
2j 26 27 28 29 3J 31
AUGUST. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7
8 9 10 11 13 13 14
15 10 17 IS 19 20 21
22 23 24 25 26 27 28
29 30 31
SEPTEMBER. 12 3 4
5 0 7 8 9 10 11
12 13 14 15 16 17 IS
19 20 21 22 23 24 25
26 27 2j> 29 30
OCTOBER. 1 2
3 4 5 6 7 8 9
10 11 12 13 14 15 16
17 18 19 20 21 22 23
21 25 20 27 28 29 30
31
NOVEMBER. 1 2 3 4 5 6
789 10 11 12 13
14 15 16 17 18 19 20
21 22 23 21 25 20 27
28 29 30
DECEMBER. 12 3-1
5 6 7 8 9 10 11
12 13 14 15 10 17 18
19 20 21 22 23 24 25
26 27 28 29 30 31
HOW TO GET RICH.
The laie Judge Martin left his parental
roof at Marselles, while a lad, with four
hundred frances in money as his sole patri
mony. He rambled about the West Indies
and finally reached North Carolina. There
his money was exhausted, and to avoid star
vation he got a place as apprentice to a
printer. After three years service he was
received a journeyman and became entitled
towages. So well did he manage his af
fairs, that in three years he had laid up
money enough to buy out his employer.—
Some years afterwards he came to Lonisa
na. Here while he was a Judge of the
Supreme Court, he was also partner of a
brick yard. After seven years his partner
in the brick yard died. In settling their
partnership accounts it became necessary to
oxamine their hooks. It was found that ev
ery item of their joint household expenses
was marked down from day to day, and that
for the whole seven years they had shared
the same table together, they had each ex- .
pended, on ail avarage, only twenty five
3ents per day; including food and clothing j
for their servants and all the other :
expenses of housekeeping. During all this '
ime the Judge was receiving a salary of
$51100 per year, besides large profits from
the brick yard, and from his rents, and
m >ney placed at interest, his four hundred
francs have been since increased to $400
J00 and upwards ! The Judge lived a very
poor man and died a very rich one. Du
ring the third of a century lie held office, he
rad to decide upon immense interests sub
mitted ^ the Court, and no one ever suppo
ed that Ar millions of money his opinion
ould be iu*4b .twerve a hair’s breadth
lis integrity was above the slightest sus
licion from any quarter.
New Orleans Dulli.en.
Glasgow University—A Poet vs A
Premier—The lust few days have af
forded a significant instance of the com
parative value in which literature and
lordliness ure held in the present day.
The poet Wordsworth and Lord John
Russell are put in competition for the
post of Lord Rector of Glasgow Univer
sity- Wordsworth and lx>rd John! The
poet—to the credit of the University be
it spoken—was chosen, hut by an insuffi
cient majority ; the matter ultimately
came to thu casting vote of the Vice
Principal, when the canny Scotsman
was only too happy to have it in his
power to confer a favor on a Prime Min
ister—a feat he will probably never be
able to accomplish a second time. The
Poet, therefore, is thrust aside, and Lord
John joyfully steps up to take a prece
dence which ho no doubt fully believes
to be his due. The whole transaction is
vastly creditable to both the parlies con
cerned ; to the prudence of the Vice
Principal and the modesty of the Prime
Minister. Great are the virtues of a
Lord in England !—Tablet.
JCj-Mr. Polk says that within the last
year “ no afflicting dispensation of provi
dence has fallen upon our country."
Does he mean to intimate that the Mcx*
ican war is the work of the Devil ?
£ Loustille Journal.
Grindstones.—We learn that a novel
fraud in wax was discovered yesterday
by a purchaser on the levee. A grind
stone, weighing 30 paunds, was found em
bedded in a slight covering of wax, which
had been purchased at 25 cents per lb
57. Louis Union Dec. 16.
LITCHFIELD, JANUARY 7, 184b’:
Wbig Nominations.
For Governor,
CLARK BISSELL,
of Norwalk.
For Lieutenant Governor,
CHARLES J. McCURDY,
of Lvmc.
For Secretary of State,
JOHN B. ROBERTSON,
of New Haven.
For Treasurer,
JOSEPH B. GILBERT,
of Hartford.
For Comptroller,
ABIJAH CATL1N,
of Harwinton.
Whig Congressional Conven
tion,
A Whig Congressional Convention , (or the
purposed nominating a Member of Con
gress for the Fourth Congressional District,
will be held at the Hotel of Hopkins fc Ten ill
in Brookfield, on Tuesday, the 2d day of Feb
ruary next, at 10 o’clock, A. M.
The Whigs of the several towns composing
said District are requested to elect delegates
to said Convention equal to double the number
I of Representatives to which said towns are en
j titled in the General Assembly.
FRANCIS BACON, ) Litchfield
HENRY B. GRAVES, > County
i A. N. BALDWIN, > Committee
AMOS S. TREAT, > Fairfield
DWIGHT MORRIS, [ County
NELSON I.. 1VHITE, ) Committee
A Word with our Readers.
We are not wont to intrude our own
matters before the public, albeit we have a
few words to say- now, and we will be as
brief as possible. It is just one year since
the Enquirer was enlarged, and within
that period its circulation has increased
some hundreds. Weacknowlege our iudeht.
edness especially to the Whigs of this coun
ty for many kind favors, troth personal and
political j and it will hearafler be our am
bition to deserve a continuation of like tes
tinionials of their approval. We arc not
vain enough to suppose that our course as
an editor has beenfaul less. On the contra
ry, experience and the lapse of tim» have in
more than one instance convinced us that
in common with others, we too arc liable to
err.
1 In some cases, wc doubt not, we have in
| furred the displeasure of those who differ
I horn us politically ; and though iri the bustle
and exci’cment of a well contested strue-gb
!
such a resu't cannot well be avoided, we
nevertheless design to keep aloof from per
sonalities and petty parlizan quarrels. In
doing this, however, we shall not think it
expedient to shrink with a craven spirit from
a free declaration of our principles, or from
an exposure of whatever wc may deem to be
dangerous or unsound in the doctrines ad.
vane* d b , others. We hold, also, that wl t
a man is placed before the public as a can
didate for ofiie al sta i jns, his principles and
public acts are, to a certain extent legitimate
topics of comment and animadversion
The line of separation is not so distinctly
legible as to be seen at random, and hence
it is a very easy matter for an editor, zealous
for the triumph of the cause in which he is
engaged, to trespass upon his neighbor’s
laudmak before he is well aware of it_
When such an event happens, he hut acts
the part of an honest man, who ackncwl
:dges his error, and strives to make repara
tion.
In commencing the labors of a new
year we lmve no extravagmt promises to
make—preferring to let each successive
number of the Enquirer 1 speak for itself.’
Of this our friends and patrons may rest
assured, that the disposition nnd earnest
effort will not be wanting in us, to render
it a welcome visiter to the dwellings of
all. Our improvements shall at least
keep pace with the increase of our circu
lation, so that the exertion which others
may make in our behalf, will not be lost
We are very desirous of adding a few
hundred names more to our subscription
list. A little exertion on the part of our
present subscribers will sccomplish it.
Shall it be done !
Jrj^We learn from the Puritan that the
Rev. B. G. Northrop, of Kent, and recently
from the Yale Theological Seminary, has
received a unanimous call to become the
pastor of the Congregational Church in
Saxouville. Mass.
A melancnoly death, by suioide, occur
red oa Sunday everting last at Washing,
ton city. Mr. Maury, a clerk in the Na
vy Department, was the person. He was
a protuge of Judge Mason, and had most
respectable connections. Npvcause is as
signed for the deed. *
Conquering a Peace—We saw on Sat
urday last, several car loads of cannon car
riages, bomb shells, Ac., designed for
San Juan De Ulloa, it is said, and were
from the United States arsenal at West
Troy. It issaid that Government has con- j
tracted for the transportation of 200 tons of
these munitions of war over the Housatou
ic Railroad These preparations show that
it is the determination of Government to
prosecute the war with vigor.
Berkshire Courier.
Brigadier General—The Prcsidont of
the United Slates has appointed Col.
James Gadsden, President of the South
Carolina Rail Road Compaay, Brigadier
General. He is to take command of the
Regiments of Volunteers from tho State*
jf Virginia, North and South Carolina.
_ /
THE OLD TEAK AND TIE NEW.
Since our laat paper wae issued, the
pear 1840 has been numbered “with
those beyond the flood.” Its pleasures,
griefs, vicissitudes, hopes, fears, all are
henceforth to be reckoned with the “by. *’
gones”—things that have an existence
only in Memory ! Its deeds—whether ^
good or ill, just or unjust—are sealed up -1
for a future reckoning. That knell of
the Dying Year speaks with a monitory
voice to the living; it summons into our
presence the spirit-forms of many of the *
gifted, the beautiful, and the beloved,
who, a year ago, moved in our midst full
of houltli, and hope, and high anticipa
tion, but over whose lifeless dust the
winds and snows sweep all unheeded.
How pregnant with a sadness and sorrow
which will not seek to be assuaged, is the
thought, that hereafter in the pursuits of
business and in the circle of familiar
friends, we shall meet them no more forever ' ^
“ Thou desolate and dying year !
Since time entwin’d thy vernal wreath,
How often Love hath sned the tear,
And knelt beside the bed of death ;
How many hearts that lightly sprung
When joy was blooming but to die, *
Their finest chords by death unstrug,
Have yielded life’s expiring sigh.
And pillowed low beneath the clay,
Have ceased to melt, to breathe, to bum ;
The proud, the gentle and the gay,
Gathered into the mouldering urn !
Whilst freshly flowed the frequent tear.
For love bereft, affection fled,
For all that were our blessings here, 4
The lov’d, the lost, the sainted dead !”
In our nation’s history the lust year has y
been one of more than usual interest.
Since its commencement, important e
vents have transpired, the end whereof is
! not yet. The area of the Union has been
j extended indefini'ely—so much so that we
| even doubt whether the President hiw
S'-lf could at this moment define the lim
its of the country over which he rules
Iowa has become a real ,Slate; so far
there is no dispute. Tli^t Wisconsin too
j is iiiit upon the point of adding another
star to our national galaxy, is equally
jc rtain. But uhete in the illimitable
l West and South West, is to be found the
. boundary line of the United States and
Territories? Who will answer us? •
Our country also mourus for some *
thousands of brave sons who, during the
I year which has just now closeJ, have
| perished by disease and the sword, on
j the Rio Grande and at Monterey. States
I uien, and men of science and letters, not j
| a few of them, have stepped from the ]
pinuele of their ambition into the solemn,
silent depths of the grave.
But, a truce to this strain, perchance f
■■with the render. ‘ Why talk of the *
■ charnel house, before its time.’ Is not s
! die commencement of a new venr a -
| fitting season for glid thoughts for the
^J'uture ? So may it be ! From the
depths of a fu’l heart, we wish our read
, era A Happy New Veut !
PRIZE ESSAY.
The American Peace Society have offered
a prize for the best essay on the subject of
Pence—the best method of securing its
j1 blessings all over the world. The Lowell
Journal intimates that Mr. Polk will be a
! competitor for the prize His theory is par- *
tially developed in his message, in which j
! he says “ the war [with Mexico] willconlin- j
| ue to be prosecuted with vigor, as the bsst
MEANS OF SECURING PEACE.” He will illns- i
irate his position by numerous historical j
examples showing that after the wars of 1
Alexander, Caesar, Tamerlane, Napoleon,
and all those old Quaker gentlemen, peace,
with all its blessings, followed. Strange as
it may appear, ’tisconfidently stated thatev- t
ery war has been followed by a peace ! From
this fact Mr. Polk will argue out his propo.
sition with the clearness which distinguish
es his ordinary productions. He will re
commend every nation to make war upon
every other nation, as the peaceful millen- I.
ium will be sure to follow. The principle. J
will be capable of being carried out in all
the relations of society ; townships, neigh
borhoods and families, it is confidently be
lieved, will never live at peace with one ,
another until they have tried the new Polk
Panacea for curing war. But there will be A\
no end to the fertility of illustration with
which Mr Polk will enrich his subject.— ‘
There can be no doubt that he will obtain
the prize, and also the next Presidency—of
the American Peace Society. ^
MASSACHUSETTS FOREVER!—At
the election for members of Congress, held
last week in the 2d and 4thdistricts in Mas
sachusetts, the Whig candidates, the Hon.
Messrs Palfrey and King, weie triumphant
ly elected. '»
Ocj-The beautiful little engraving with i
which we this week crown our ‘editorial
head,’ is the work of E. L. Barber, Esq.,
of New Haven. As an artist in his pro- ^ «
fession he has few equals in New England.
O' A Biographical Sketch of the UmP *
Hon. Stanley Griswold, designed for this .
day’s paper, is unavoidably postponed.
0C»-The robbers of Mr. Swab, the lilt!* ' j
German pedlar, have not been arrested. ‘ !
The two negroes, against whom suspicions
rested, have been discharged.
O'Late~sdvices from Mexico state that
anothher revolution had taken place in
Campeachy. The object of the outbreak
was to [sunder all connection between
Yucatan and the government of Mexico.
Santa Ana was advancing towards ’
Saltillo. __
Ocj-The President sent a Message to tha . I .
Senate on Monday, recommending the
appointment of a Lieutenant General. * *•

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