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Litchfield enquirer. [volume] (Litchfield, Conn.) 1829-current, December 23, 1847, Image 1

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Vol. XXII.
LITCHFIELD, (CoN$.,) TIM %M>AY, DECEMBER *3, 1847.
■.‘. ..-- -- -
No. 32. Whoi «
tffrVW B IITT» i ■ — i ■ ■
fTljc iLftcijfirlu Eiujufrcr,
H PUBLIUHF.D EVERY THURSDAY M"RNINC
■jPAYME KETVFO’V KILBOIRN,
At the Building next East of the Court-house
LITCHFIELD, CONN.
TERMS*
Tillage and single Mail aubsdfihera,£1.5"
In Bundles of 20 and upwards, $1.25; or, it
£*M for strictly in advance, £ 1.00.
•(►•The low price at which we hare placed
tfco Enquirer, renders it necessary that our
Verms should be strictly complied with.
Jonathan T. Horton*
ATTORNEY & COUNSELOR
AT LAW.
West Cornwall, Conn.
Nov. 15, 1847. 27
William K. Peck, jr.
iMTTORA'EY t COUNSELLOR JtT
Norfolk, Conn.
imrb7 craves,
Attorney and Connsellornt Law,
Commissioner of Deeds for the State a} Neve
York, fee
Plymouth, Conn.
J. B. ELLIOTT,
Physician & Surgeon,
Kr Office with Dr. M. R. Hubbard,
New Hartford, Conn.
C. M. HOOKER,
DENTIST.
May be consulted as heretofore, in Lit,h
Held, roshen and tVoodbury.
• Litchfield, Sept. 3th, 1847. 18
Edward W. Blake. .
May always be found at his resi
dence in South street. •
Litchfield. Nov. 18, 1847' 87
FASHIONABLE
IILLINIIY!
RECEIVED a full assortment#!
HESS MAMEY'S.
—ALSO—
Cloak and Dress Trimmings. Cloaks and Dress
es made to order on short notice.
Litchfield. Not. 1st, 1847. 6w*25
4 LMOSTev.t*.*ru»lw>»He •*#»* «»*?
A be found One tioor Kant of
the Court Mtonae /-»• t a I R
IMF AFOY A TROWBRIDGE
IM'hfield, Oct 6th 1817. 20tf
IpRiiusT
ONE of the best FARMS in Sharon,
consisting of 1H*2 acres, spirited in the
▼■lley. Terms made easy for the purchas
T. ANSEL STERLING.
Pine Boards, Shin
GLES& CLAPBOARDS.
THE Subscribt r offers for sale
MO 000 feet clear and inerceantahle Boards
swt Planks.
ISO 000 teet clear and merchantable Clap
boards
MO rived and sawed Shingles.
tO 000 feel white wood Boards tnd Plank.
1000 Ranches eastern Laih. together with a
general assoriment of building materials
M 3m H. M. WELCH.
Farmington Canal, Plainville Nov p, 1847.
Shut the Door,
A!*n>
MOLD IT OPEN.
KELSEY’S Gate & Door Spring.
tV*HE public generally that want
Gale and Door Springs are respectfully
iavited to call and see the article, (made aa it
at mi Id he,) and in operation on the store door
«tthe subscriber, oueuovr west of the Court
SAMUEL CLOCK,
Genersl Agent for Litchfield Coontv.
Litchfield, Nov. 84, 1847. 88
BVVTS St
db
3.3AT3I3 33!
ID* N E VV FIRM XI
1KEAFOY & TROWBRIDGE,
HAVE opened a STORE ia Litchfield
al the OKI Stand o( LO MEAFOY,
one door east of the Com t House, for the
JtBrposeof conducting the above business ia
•Hits brauches. They havi jow in slots
• complete assortiueut of ever, thing in the
Hmappropriate for the season. India Kuh
kecs of evei) kind. Sole and U, per Leatk
«r, Calf, Morocco, Lining and Binding
JCJ-Our friends, together with the Pnb
Mr generally. are most rtspecifwuy inrited
teesH and examine our Goods lor theta*
L. O MEAFOl,
H P TROWBRIDGE.
All those indebted to the undersign*
MS requested to cad and settle the name,
dttt who have claims again*: me are inrit*
«• in call and receive their cash.
I- O. WEAFOY.
Litchfield, Sept «. 1847.19tf
BxMru—A few Pork Barrets for
•■M nit hn More of _
*>«W • LJ. SMITH
Cijr 9o*t’0 Cottier.
I'w ihr htclifi.ld Enquirer.
LINES
Written nft*r attending the Church of the Pil*
gritns, Brooklyn, Nov. 21. 1847;
Church of thePileriin* ! round Ihv name
What holy memories cling !
Preacher! thv voiceahould be inspired,—
Not teas, the songs ye sing !
May the pure faith the Pilgrims held.
Their children’s bosoms wa. m—
The faith fha< triumphed ovrr death.
And braved the ocean's storm;
THe faith that planted, deep and sure,
Iu the soil the pilgrims trod,
A flower no wintry storin shall blast—
“ Freedom to worship God ”
Ho I ye, whose truant feet have strayed
From blest New England's shore,
Say, in your wanderings have ye found
Jk place ye cherish more 1
Say—is the gold of the sunny South,
Mote bright than h«r s| atkling rills?
The radiant plains of the tar-ofl West,
More greeh that her thousand hills ?
Say—in your wanderings, have he seen,
Towering o’er path* well trod,
As there, the spire of’lhe humble churrh
Point towards the home of God ?
Say—is that life He only give*;
More sacred held than there ?
Does the erv of Want assail thee less-=
Or the starving suppliant’s prayer ?
O, once again; ye 11 wants, say -
Since ye left New England’s above.
Have you; eye# a lovlier spilt beheld—
A pi ice ve can love more ?
Brooklyn, Dec. I. 18411;
F. mn Vhnii.ott/pe.
HORACE GREELEY.
Who is there th:.t doe* not know Hor
ace Greeter—eiih> r perso ally or by
reputation ! and who that ever saw nny
body that began to be just like him!
Many there be who have the same appa*.
rent physical "
middle *md man deecntry faff, with the
ustail compliment ef limbs and features—
yet Horace Gree’ey is Horace Greeley
„nd nobody els**. To see him at his edi
torial table at work—for he’s a gieiit wor
ker, Horace Greeley is—you would be apt
to exclaim, in a tone of surprise, Is that
Ho; ace G eeley, that does things up in
the Trdiutie in such style!’’ Yes. friend,
that white-haired, bald- headed, nea;
sighted, seemingly “little old man,’’ is
Horace Grestey,the edi»»i of one of the
ablest papers in America. “ He looks
verdant,’’ doesn’t he? “Wei:, my friend
it ran’r be denied he has a verdant look
withal at times. But if you insist upon
it, that Horace Greeley is “ green," you
will, I'm vety sure, find you have been
moat egregiously taken in. No, no,
trirnd, Horace Greele) is not gieen, he is
not in fact what he seems—not that the
editor is deceitful, no, no, a plain, blunt,
hon>-st man is Horace Greeley,— but his
looks will lie, ai*titnes, not th> editor,
mind. To see ;he real Hori ce Greeley
in a slate of development you must see
him speaking, when deeply int rested in
some gieat subject—then it is *• he Ap
pears,” as it were, from behind the cur
tain, with all ihe gnss let on—and you
loot vainly for any thing green about
him. At such limes, that baldness, so
sugge-tive, at other times, of sensibility,
becomes all at once a part oi one of the
most expressive countenances ever at
tached to a mere human—and the lew re
maining baits so redolent, ns it were, of
the same tact, suddenly become i mbued
“enih particular hair,’ «ilh wisdom,
power, and truth—and then those teeth of
hi*,—whiter than the whitest you ever
s»w, evidently all unknown to the vile
Virginia weed, gives beauty to bis ex
pression such as ladiiBCHl! “altogether
level v.’
As a public speaker, Horace Greeley
is not so U as many who
hold ’.be public ear—being near-s-ghted
he holds his notes cltse to bis norland
in«k< s use ot no g> sturts, or any ot the
Irak* ot oratory, to captivate the fancy,
but goes on in a s'raigh'-lorward manner
to the point—which to those to wbonf
manner is everything, is shocking— but
o those who prefer the substance to the
>ha«‘ow of thmgsfhe is one of ihe most
intererting of s; eakers, commanding the
serenest attention ot his audience, even
on the dryest of »i*t>jtcis. As a writer
*nJ*an editor,lewsorpese bun. And the
influence ot his pen on public morals, kr.
if felt throughout the h nglb aud breadth
of the land.
.In short, Horace Greeley, though at
t Mfpa a ** wee bit uncouth,” especially
wfcHi walking in the streets, encased in
that venerable whitish sun out of bis, with
his trowses hsH wsy up bis legs—a
World loo small—shutiing slung, aa ha
•Iocs, when in deep meditation, with hi*
body bent loan angle of forty-five de
grees, and a “ shocking bad hat’’ oti With
al—is it gentleman and u scholar, n friend
of his race, a man ot genius undisputed,
and above all, n most faithful Inlatrer ft*
in the vineyard of humanity. Long may
he l.ve and remain undaunted by the
scoff.-and sneers of knave* and foots—the
good and the wise will ever appreciate
him.
From the .V. Y. Express
Late Br, Wainwright.
This gentleman who died on Thursday
nighi from ttie bite of a rattlesnake, is no
relative to Rev. Dr. Wainwright of this
city. He was n native of England, where
his lather r* sides, and is said to be weal
thy. He lioarded six or seven years
since ht 1he Astor House, and beeoming
embarrassed, his father, it is said, not on
ly paid up his d bts, but settled upon him
an annuity. He has left, to mourn his
loss, a wile and two young children, » ho
ure far, we are told, from being in court'
fortnble circumstances, and a'subscrip
tion was made up on Friday for their re
lief. He has been e igaged for some
time in lecturing on In halt of a rmdicul i
society, nt 41 Crosnv Street, in which
- ' i
Stn et he 11 Billed. He was a professor of
chemistry, His lemains (which have
been partially embalmed) were, nfter
Service a< St. Paul s Chapel, placed in a
tomti at Greenwood Cemetry, and will
probably be sent tor by his relatives in
England.
it is d smgnmr tact inni nr. w. was
particularly fond of fine specimens ot ilii*
kind ot snake, this making the tburih he
has received ns a present wiihin 1*0
years. They came from hia brolher-in.
law, residing nenr Mobite, in Alabama
The snake was between 5 and 0 left long.
Dr. W. had it in a box. just havw< re
ceived it from the vests fl. He steppe,;
with it nt the Broadway House, which he
hnd been in the habit ol ff. quentirg and
while there took it trorn the box. It lay
coiled on the floor. He had a little stick
in his hand with which he struck it re
peatedly, probably with a view to enliven
it, hut which no doubt had the elf-ct ot
firtantmm- It. Hr finally aaid: *• i?
©me, hoy, I’ll fiut you buck imo rtic tarn,
now and was in the act of laying hold
of it, when it struck him, with its fangs,
in the finger next to the Utile linger • I
the right hand, between the last joint and
palm on the inside—the blood spirted
•tit, and irnmcdintely the arm, and soon
the body, began to swell, as already de
scribed, the piece of flesh penetrated by
the wound having been in vain cut out.
The arm and chest turned dark, we un
derstand, belore he died—nearly the col
or of the snake.
THE RICHEST MEN.
Louis Phillippe the king ot the F ench
is reputed to be wo th about one hundred
and fifty millions of dollars- And the
value of John Jacob Astor’s p< s ession is
thirty millions of dollars.
Notwithstanding nil their wealth, there
is rot a young man in the country, of
sound sense, that would change condition
with either ot them. The FiCnch mon
arch bar lived three quartets of a centu
ry, but old ss he is, he dari 8 not ti ke the
air in his owficapital. Without calling up
fifty thr usand soldiers to gumd the streets
through which he ms> ride. The labor
which he performs would n 1 d»r any
man a slavt—alt In ugh the work he h«s
jerfurmed and the kem Ion sight he hag
exercised, would give unv man wculth
and distinciion Sir Robert I'e»l is ihe
son ol a cotton spinner, nnd be is on« ol
the mental gumis ol the world. Tlie load
of care tha he bears about, would crush
an army of common men. He is but six
ty y< ars ol age and is likely to do Eng
land much good service yet.
Mr Astor m in his second childhood.
In the house be is played with Hire a child
and amused with toys aud painted dolls
A SEARCH FOR HEIRS OF AN
ESTATE.
Mr. Benjamin Whitley, a gentleman
trom England, lias come to this country
in search ot heir* to the estate ol Edward
North, who d«c*asm many yeais -ince
jn Ireland, and who is .<-u|<pos«d to have
• Inmily connexions ol the same name in
this country. Mr. Whitley brought a let.
ter of ifci mna ndaiion t*, us, and we have
endeavoiid to li ciliuitc hi* r« searches
an ong thv ncoidsot the n uninsin this
vicinity, where it was supposed the father
ol Edward died, hut without success.—
The estate is represented »s very large,
and we hope « will win out hetterthan
the Chari estate, ami rente oib< r* which
have only excited bij i s lobe disappoint
ed. If any of our resders are acquain
ted with any' i f the Ninth family, whose
maternal nitismi wes a Hardy, r» ared
in the vicinity i..' Boston, they may du
them a sc vice l y n li ning them tothi*
office for a comn.untertion with Mr
Whitley.—[Boston Odd'Fellow.
H® STOCK OF AVI
or TtSNtVf
In/ffcr EtHfnn if thr Penhryh
®y ihe last arrival from *'
wived a lexer front my eldest I
Aimatiaw, who resides about
firom Carriekferjrti'*, from the n<ie'bot.nod
#%Weh ancient city Ihe ftfWr*<»llB^!®ial
■Jackson isslated, in some of his bidgr tphtes,
m have emigrated. It contain* It few de
bits *» heretofore ^mbltsSid, in relation to
Wlti’t celebrated individual, which mav be
*hfere*t'ng to you' nttmetotur reader*, and
are at your service, should yon think them
*1#*»*« y,,ur ^Pe"* „■
iWfhk it proper here VJfln tllC
assertion, in one ot the biographies, which
I have seen, must be erroneous, with regard
to his father having been compelled to exile
himself, in consequence of the oppression of
the government. He is said to have emi
grated from Ireland, abcut the year 1765;
at which timethere was no contest wftatev
et, betwetn the people and the government;
but there might h ive been something of an
(Uti-reni movement, which led to the asso
ciation of Hearts of Steel—in which it is
not improbable that old Andrew Jackson
was concerned. The issue between the p. o*
pte and the government of |r< land did not
flreur until about the year 1785- when the
Society of United Irishmen, which brought
iboot the rebellion of 1788, was ftrst organ
ised in Belfast.
Yours, very respectfully,
VVM. GRIMSI1AYV.
9rrL .’j..! rt.i in ic
rr fiiiiMi'wvi) vv» • k >• •
! got the Irtlowing account of Jackson I
ftonnour neighbor,Thompson Jciinent.
“ Andrew Jackson, father of General Jack
iyt in, was son of Thomas Jackson, of Bally,
trgan. neat Dundonald—a comfortalile far*
iber, possessed of a free-hold property, now
Mf considerable value. 'I homas Jackson’s
louse is iiow occupied by a person named
Trotter. Tnere aie several co lateral rela*
iioiis, living still in the neighboihood—bul
the descendants of the oldest branch of the
jjbmily have all died off—the great grandson
flf Thomas Jackson having died about ihrce
jean ago, without leaving any family,
QO-The Usin Senator Cameron, a printer,
sent the I Hewing to I lie Columbian fypo
Vrap local Society at Washington, at ilvtecent
Wfo.ratHHL '*•
“ The Poor Boy’s College—The Printing
Office—Industry, intelligence, integrity and
peisevereru e, will ensure distinction and hon
or to Its graduates.”
Cash, Accross Florida —The Apa'ach icola
Advertiser cnmuius a communication seitu g
lonh the lesibilny ot uniting Hie waters ol the
gulph with those of die Ailamic. The writer
says dial a ship canal 47 miles long connecting
die Withlacochee river on the gulph side with
Hie A'i. John,s, which flows into the Atlantic.
will accomplish ihe object. The expense o|
such an undertaking iersumatid ai$500,000.
ter The Telegraph from Philadelphia, en
iiounces die failure of the LewisioWu Bank, at
Lewistown, on Monday la-t.
MR POLK’S PRETEXTS FOR HI.S WAP
AGAIN UTTERLY DEMOLISHED !
From /hr JVa/ioi at In/r/ligmcrr Drr. 11
TIIE PRESIDENT’S MESSAGE.
(pC^Several days liave flow elapsed since our
readers in tins city, and generally elsew here,
were put in possession ol he Animal Message
ol the President ot the United Stales to both
Houses ol Congress. Until to-day we have pur
posely I'm borne from comment upon it, from
an unafiebted desire not to interfere with tiicir
tree digestion of its contents. That opportuni
ty having been lalrly iflorded, we now pio
ceed to state with pla nness.hul we hope with
out tie.ice to any well-disposed reader, our
,lews ipon its leading topics; and hist, be
cause il is first in ihe Message, and uppermost
! m every man’s mind, u,.oii so itfUcii of file
document a* relates to
To ihe War with Mexico.
When,on Ihe 13th day o! May ol lavl year,
Ihe passage ol the Act ol Congress rccqgiu/.ihg
the existence ol v. at wii h Mexico was annouri'
n-a in the readers ui the Auliunullultlligtti
cir, il was accompanied oy llie expression ol a
hiliel I hat by the laigesl poilioii ol in reader*
tl e inlortnailon would lie leceived with alarm
—alarm justly excited by ihe w il’ulnes* and
recklessness with which Ihe Nation had Ueen
plunged into a foreign tear which, aside fen*
pie weie in no particular prepared lor, I hey
were in po way forewarned ol. for ourselves
we wepe noi taken wholly hy surprise by Ibe
m-ws. In ihe statesmanship ol llie Executive,
whatever Cuiitidenre we weie disposed lo place
had been ahafcen by the alumsi daily deniun
slialious by ilsptliciafi rgan during Ibe trial
year of ils existence. We leave watched its
successive dcvelopemeid*. giannally disclosing
a sell led purpose lo matte war upen Mexico.in
Ihe evAit of not succeeding ill inliinidaling
her into a prompt submission lo Ihe demands
winch Ihe President intended to make upon
her That organ, tne Governmei t paper, was
hardly a week old, before its readei* were
transports#in imagination, lo Ibe lull* ol Ibe
Mmilezufm, which weie lo he occupied hy
ihe United Slate* af t he crowning set of • a
second ronqo-sl ol Mexico.’ The tnscin be
ing sounded, volnnleei* were lo flock :rom Ihe
Weal to Ihe scene ot ac|u n, and to carry every
thing belore them- 'I he Government paper
taught us.also, Avtr the war was to be brought
un by which thia conquest was to be eflecled.
Il foresaw, by many month*, ihe marcl. of our
army IromCorpus Cnristi [where,as every one
knows, Mexico never intended lo disturb it,]
to the Rio Grande, uut that, il they did 'binod
would be shed,*snd ‘war must < nsue.’ When,
the predietion was realised—when the catas
trophe arrived, however, it shocked, it can
scarcely be said to have turpruai a* Of th<
I and obnoxious Preamble ol the Bill until alter
I all deliberation and debate had been precluded
cm a question as momentous certainly as ever
came belure Congress Had there been limb
ing else alarming ii this Declaration ol War
with Mexico, ihe despotism thus exercisedo
vj;r the minority d the Representative body.
| repeated the following day ill the Senatoual
body, (theretofore exempt from such sharp
practice) was ol itsell sufficient to appal the
In arts ol those accustomed, as we have been,
to regard ibe righls oi minorities as not less
si.creil, than those ol majorities, and among
tile righl of proposing ann ndiiienls to or re
inrmst rating against any proposition coming be
fore ihern. '1 ne minority in each House was
tnus.subjected uy a most arbitrary it malignant
exercise ol pari) power, without being allow
ed a moment,lor ilellberalios, to the alleiua
hvc of voting Ini a bill with a preamble, the
falsehood ol which they saw and detested, or
ol relusing to vote for enactments, (supplies u!
men and money,) lo which, all lavish as they
were, there would, perhaps, bty fi»r the Pre
amble. not have been a dissentient voice.
Whatever alarm we and our readers tell at
this beginning, has Certainly been lully jostl
ed by the progress ol events. Even that pre*
cipilation in ihe action of Congress—that pre
amble affitniiog two distinct lalsehoods—that
lyiaimy by wuit ha vole was extorted trouilhe
Houses, have been continually appealed its by
the Executive organs as evidences ot.lhe una
nimity ot the national will in approbation ol
the war In the message before us, that ap
i peal is repealed, accompanied with a stale*
inei.il in terms, that the declaration that ‘ the
War exists by the act of Mexico.’ was passed
with great unanimity’ in Congress; though it
must he known to Ihe Executive that but a
small majority in either House ol Congressap*
pmved that declaration, many membeis de
daring their repugnance lo it, some their ut
ter abhoranre ol it Votes taken ill both
Houses ol Ceuigress at thesecond session ol ihe
same Congress plainly established this lad,
had there belure been any reason to doubt it.
1 lie popular elections which liave intervened
certainly leave no excuse for » doubt upon a
ny man's mind lliat a uiajoiiiy ol Ihe People of
the United States are against this war and its
authois.
LUMlVdU'll rtrillllJUIVIIIlig) III urn i c-uv» *vit.v
popular will, thus c.eariy expressed, any pail
uihi- m urinal scheme ol ciimiujiing and an
nexing a Coimderalire portion id the rerriTory
ol Mexico, the President comes lo Cong e»»
and demands its concuireuce in a plan lor col
onizing and annexing almost one hail ol Mex
ico, with a lecoimntiidalion lo continue ihe
war until he Ihe conqueror eonguer* all the
irsidue of that unhappy Republic ill Iheevent
ol nei not willing!; leveringlrum her body her
most valuable provinces Instead ol advising
a Peace,Inch ini, Government might have ai
any day on terms nl honor, lie inloims 0.in
gress, in a sanguinary strain, and almost in
'.be dialect of Hie shambles, that he is persuad
ed * I h t Ihe best means of vindicating the na
hull a /ien or, and iuiereel, and ol bringing Ihe
war lo an hoiioruti/r close, will be lo prose
cute il wilh ineiea-cdenergy and power in the
vital purte of the enemy'r countryT He knows
that lie and bis war stand cm dunned by his
own countrymen He canii'ij, il he would,
mistake il*c senlimenl of it.e people; and yel
be craves more conquest, more butchery; be
demands a deeper penetration into the vitals
of our adversary,and yet further waste of Hiel
b.ond and treasures *1 his own country.
Before he lakes captive onr senses by ihe se
ductive incitements, in which his message a
bounds lo a yel wuh-r couise of rash ambition
arid suicidal aggrandizement, lei us slop lor a
iiinii ent to Comoro r upon what giounds ho
places and jusiilie* Ihe career of cruelly and
conquest in which he has already embarked
otir country. We ale glad lhal Ihe I resident
has, in his Message, prelaced his recommend
ations ns in the luluie with a summary state
ment ol ihe causes ol complaint heretofore ul
ledged by him as being ol prior dale to Ihe
war. A single paragraph include* the whole
sinty, and, as we propose In examine it wilh
some particularity, we here re-publish it.
•* ii •» suliiclent on ti.e occasion tu
.-buy, liuii ill*- W4MOII vh Imioii ul Hit; light* ol
,,*18,11 tfi.u |»K ^ny "I oiii citizen* coiimkiIU-u
ov Mixm, iit-1 *ci& lauti ihn*
4 l»>ltg *«'l U S ol years,and >.er CM,regalU ol sol
emu >realrc» stipulating l,*r indemnity lo olii
llijuied ciljZens, in<1 only ennolilUMd antplt
cause ol war on our pail, bui were ol such all
aggravaltu character as would have justified
u» betore the world mi resorting In this extreme
remedy Willi an anxious desire to avoid a
lupiuie between I tie two countries, we forbore
for yearslo assert our oleai rights by lurcesund
c mluued lo seek tedress lor the wrongs we
liarlsubeud by amicable ingot ill lull, In Ihe
hope that Mexico might yield III pacific coun
sel, and Ihe deli.a,.os , t justice. In Ipis hup*
weie disappointed. Our minister ol peace senl
*<• Mexico was insullinitly rejected. Ihe Mex
ican Gove.nineiil relused even lo hear Ihe terms
ol adjustment which be was aulhoi need lo pro
pose, and finally under wholly unjustifiable
pretexts, involved ihe two countries in a war.
by invading the territory ol Ihe Slate ol iexas,
striking Ihe first blow, and shedding Ihe bluett
ol our own citizens on our own soil.” ^
In undertaking again lo review these avpp
men,! by the Executive now that they are #
gain oflered in his just ificatian, and in suppur*
uf that rfar ad iulerntcumum against Mexico,
which he recommended lu Cungree, we are
welt awaie that uu lurce can be auaed lo the
reasoning, nor any strength lot he conclusions
ol that admirable tract Irom the pen of Ihe
venerable, pall lot ic and learned Jllltrt Gall
at in, in relation to Ihe Mexhan War, which
we have lately had Ihe saiialaction of spread
mg be lore our readers. To his authority up
on any question ol public law or ualipnal obli
galion, we. at least, who have knoarn him
Irom the days ol his great pubic ser'icea in
the Public Councils, first as s leader of the re
publican pigiv in Congress, next as a member
ol the Cabinet*of President Jeflcison during all
his administration, and of that uf Mr Madison
until be was called lo represent hiscoonlry a
broad as Ihe assoc isle of Adams, Clay and Bay
ard in the great negotiation which ended 11^
the peace ol Ghent—we, whose fi-* essays in
. ur present v<Talion may be said lo have been
guided by liis hand . n<t by that of his IVer
honored Iriend and official superior Mr Madi
son, a«c b<mnd by eigry eewhaemM .respect |
’and gratitude lo pay adetereneb so profound,
that it woo Id be With the frgeteet dictfUCtttC
. *
■ —.;-- - --- ■ '
our own judgment |*e should entertain aHjio
pinion on a public questmn materially differ*
ent Iroin liia. Happy and proud are we to hod 1
that, on the subject oftUe causes and charact
er of this Aar, his views are in full accord
with those which we have found it our duty §
Imm time to tithe to present lo our readers.-**
M4»st fortunate lot our country do we consider
it ,that he has been willing and able to cone
forward in the prssent emergency to instinct
and counsel his fellow citizens However
earnestly and honestly the Press majt have
done its duty, however ably and fearltssiy dis
tinguished Statesmen of the present dijy Ojay
have exposed and denounced the new carter
upon which our country hail entered as the sole
disturber of the peace of the woi Id, heweVer
bright and high the statesmanship which the
great Patriot ol the West has recently brought
to bear upon the great quest iou, the address «f
Mr Gallatin ha.shown that it was yet possible
tor a wise and able man to add tip the fnioeeC
even our own convictions however decicWNB I
the subject. Most fortunate, we repeat, do we
consider this opportune contribeiiuu to tike
common stock of knowledge of nne standing Uj
the foremost rank of intellectual great nes^f arid
yet a|>art from the passions of the day and •
bove them, one whig after a most distingnichftd
career of public service, Utl popularity and
reputation unexhausted,and quitted high trust*
while they yet courted his acceptance ; oneyf
the foremost men, in a word, ol that illustrious
era ol our statesmanship, which has now httf4~
ly a survivor, one therefore almcst in the last
extremity ol age, and jet so fortunate aft.J)**
have pieserved, equally undimmed, its abijiien
and its honors. To (he authority of such a
name as that of Albert Gallatin, his Address
adds a strength of reasoning which nothing in
the present day can meet, aud that luminous
commard of all the great principles of Public
and of National Law, in which he had Scales*
ly an equal in his own times, and has nos t^r
superior. The trusted coadjutor—and it may
even, in Finance and in Diplomacy, be said (o'
have been—the instructor ol Jefferson, of Mad*
ison alid ot Monroe, we have here, as of onS
i ising from tlie dead, a voice, passionless as it
is wise and solemn the judgment of an an
tique and genuine sage «l Republicanism—yea
of Democracy—upon iheeutire question of this
Presidential War.
Armed and mrtitied with such a documerd.it
is with unwonted confidence that we proceed
once more to expose these hollow pretences
and insincere professions of the aulhorsanda*
pologists for the war with Mexico, which have
heen controverted heretofore with no other ap>
parent effect than to induce a mere pet tena
cious repetition of them. _
Referring In his last annual cotnmunicatlO“
to Congiese for particulars of his bill of arraign'
ment, the President again recites alleged
wrones by Mexico, through ' a long series of
years,’ &c, as being such as not ouly to Con<
stituie ample cause of war, but as would haw
justified the United States betore the whole
world in resorting to this extreme remedy.—*
This every one at all acquainted with hisloay
know; to be gross exaggeration. The long eg*
istence of claims for wrongs now alleged to
have been so enormous is of i seif proof of tfaffe
fast that they were not at any time deemed j|||f
Congress to constitute a sufficient cause ol war.
Most of f hem had beside been actually adjuaf*
edbv a treaty betwcog I he two Cauiil rise. Which
was'in rriecouree'nf t.imiui cswuii^u *jj m mm
ico when ihehsstile demonstrations of our A#' •
ministration suspended the payment of stiptt*
lated indemnities. A* fo what remained dt
unadjusted claims, there was nothing until the
occurrence ol this war to prevent their peace*
able and even satisfactory adjustment. A* to
(he refusal by Mexico to receive our Minister
being, as the President intimates, a efficient
cause ol war, it is a sufficient answer, fie
the President, that M>e army was order
ed to march to the Rio Gra.ide—where ac*
cording to the programme of the government
paper, thewar was to begin—two month* be*
fore our Minister was finally refused to bo r*‘
eeived by the government of Mexico.
But let it be admitted for the sake of ar^M
ment, and for that sake only, that according to
the customs and laws of nations in less nvili-*
zed, less moral and less enlightened ages than
the present, we really hid cause of war with
Mexico, an fat as war between two Christian
nations is ever just or necessary; yet, waryvjth
Mtwico, distracted, weakened and impovished
as she then was with intense factions ami di*
visions, was neither necessary. m.tgnanimolfV
nor honoiable on our part. Sitcli a war even
for just objects, being unnecessary— the only
inevitableeflect indeed upon the claims for
; which it would be waged being to fasten them
upon our own Treasury instead ot Mexican-*
could never rebound to the gloty ol the cigin*,
try,and much leas compensate lor the rivers of
I blood and heaps ot f reastire which have been
diiriHij naoicu is hub woi.
But, to pass all this by, whether the existing
war bejust or unjust.necessary or unnecessary
is m.t the question now at issue between th*
President and the People. Was this war thf
act ot the Sovereign People qf the U. States,
declared in their name, in the only manner
known or .acknowledged by I he Constitution**
by the Senate and House of Representatives
Congress, to whom slone it belongs Is deftr-*
mine whether war at any time and under any
circumstances, be just and necessary 1 Of
was it. whether a crime or a mistake, th# uqj
authorized act of the President, to whom tbs
Constitution had d.nied all pi wer over the
question of War ? This is the question, nof
c an all the w re drawn sophistry and specif
* pleading of the President’s Message of last
year, referred to in that which is now befor*
us, i eceive s singte individual, be he whig _qi
democrat, of common sense of cofnthOn iti
Icrmation. against the well known and weU
su'heiii tested facte ip the case. Need we add
that whoever the Ptesiden* be, who, tramp
ling down the barrier* which the constitution
lias erected for the protec in.o of the general
welfare, i nd for the security of life, liberty and
properly of the citizen, of his nwb mere will
and pleasure plunge* the country into a w*y
with or without cause—that man is a Despot.
Th* Nation that qui^y folds '** »rm* <w®
permit* this to be done with impunity, mag,
delude itself with the fancy that it live* uodqj.
a written Lew am) Constitution, but it is a^
idledrs^n. That Nation is a Nation of slaves,
and livel und'r a Despotism
To proceed however, to thegi in poiatsupM
the rcassertion of which alooe the President
i relies to justify himself hefore hisown fellow
citizens fm bis agency iir this War, viz:
, that the Mexican Govemme it ‘ finally usder
wholly unjustifiable pretexts involved the twe
countries inwar by invading I he territory Sff
Texas, sf. iking tht first blow and shedding tho
blood,of qnr eilizenson American soil.’ JVgjf
me word of tkU it true ! Ws. regret the nn
cessity. hut the President imposes upon iif the
obligation of renewing the demons! rat inn at
the utter tslsit.v of the wholn of it. Mexieo
did not i ivolv’e the two conntriee in war >
Mexico did not strike the first blow,- Mexico
did hot shed the bloo.1 of our citizens on on#
own toil. . t
This whole question, if will he seethra*
solve* itself into one of territorial bound*
'rbid. *1 the breaking o«|.of tl
te rimry between lhejiwsc*nn
Grande, Del Norte, belong
~
Ttel

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