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T Æeekiy Zwyalsssdedoied to Lock-J Kein-, seyefqi syieiikgeyce, Yfefaiqfe Politik-V Ast-MIqu ayd fix-; inekTsfs of xkiohfieiö SOTW HEWRT W. HYATT, Editor and Proprietor. LITCHFIELD, CONN., THURSDAY, AUGUST 30,1855, __VoL XXR.-Wo. 18. Whole No. 1476. LITCHFIELD ENQUIRER, mtlsa» imi tbuesdat boekihg it H. W. HYATT. Offiee, Ok Boh Bait of .the Coart Home. LITCHFIELD. CONN. TERMS. Subscription Per Anmmm. Village Subscriber* (by carrier.)and single Mail Subaeribera—1» advance, 91 50 Tewn .Subscribers, (off (be carrier’s route,) and Mail Subscribers, in Bundle*, 1 tS Or. if paid strictly ia advance, 1 00 py Postage Free within this County. Advertising. Sixteen lines or less—1,9 or 3 weeks, 91 00 For eontinuanc* thereafter, per week, 20 Probate and oiherlegal noticeaat the usual rates. Yearly and other regular advertisers charged according to space oeeopied. 0y Transient Advertisements as net he accom panied with the Money to secure insertion „ ■. ■'v ■ fc*v ■- ' w ■very Description of fOB-PBINTIIf.O, KSATI.T ASD FEOBrTLY EXECUTED ATTBIS OFFICE. A Dialogue with a Moral 14 Isaac, have you paid (lie printer ?” •inquired an old lady ol her husband who was delighting the family circle by reading a fine looking newspaper —(excuse our blushes, for we editors •are as modest as maidens.) "No, Rebecca. 1 have not,” answer ed the did gentleman, adjusting his spectacles—44 but you knuw it is only •a trifle. The (printers, 1 see, give a ipolile flun, but they cannot mean me, 9 am one of their political friends, and wt all events my dollar would be a •trifling moiety to them. “ Well, Isaac,'ifall thfir subscribei a were to say the same thing, the poor 'fellows would starve,nnless they ■could •conjure (heir types into corn, and the press into a •flour mill. And surely, jou, as their friend, dhould be 'more .punctual In .paying them, besides, it would dhow your aNactonrent to diem •and the good cause they advocate.” 411 thought of settling my subscrip tion when 1 was in town last,” said Isaac, wincing from the rub.41 but the money which I received for my pro duce was better than usual, ami 1 dis like to pan with b.” “ Certainly you would not pay them in bad money.” 4* No, my dear; bat sometimes t am obliged to take uncurrent paper, and I prefer paying my debts with that, when 1 can get it off. O, llmse banks, these banks! Any way, that sort would suit the printer just as well, as they don’t keep k long. My neigh bor Jedkins said he pessed some on them that nobody else would take, and they did not refuse it.” 44 !r haute on you. Isaac,” exclaimed the good old lady—44 you would not, 1 hope, imitate the example of that miserable fellow, Jedkins. Why lie would jew the parson out of half his stipend and pay the balance in trade.” 44 Vet he paid the printer.grandma,” interrupted a little flaxen haired miss, who stood beside her grandfather’s knees. 44 Well, well, 1*11 call and pay them, said the old gentleman, nettled—44 for an article I read in their paper the other day, was worth twice the amount of their subscription.” "And you know, grandma, you said that the piece about counterfeits saved you twelve dollars which you would have taken from the Yankee pedlar,” ■gain interrupted the little girl "Yes, it did so, Mary, and lor that when I go to town, I’ll pay off my oH score, ami the next year in advance in the bargain. *’ Mr. Isaac. kept his word like an honest men. And whether because his conscience amote him about the uncurrent money, or because lie was convinced of tlie excellence of the arguments of his amiable spouse and rosy-cheeked grandchild, we cannot _ . say ; be that as it may, we assure our reader* that our pocket rang with that tangible proof of friend Isaac’s probity and patronage, until we paid our debts. Now, we feel assured, that if the good ladies in the town and country ; and throughout ail creation, as that most ve ritable nondescript, Major Jack Down ing, would aey, only knew how the heart and hand of the printer is glad dened end warmed by the welcome salutation of such a man as Isaac, they would read this paragraph to theii husbands, and say in the language ol the good old book—44 Go and do like wise,” Poetry it the breeze that _ lifts thr ■» weeds on the highway ol time, add brings to view the violets beneath. I< is the mystic harp upon whose strings the confused murmur of to'.!, gladness and grief,loans itself in musie. J* A Physiological Argument It is noticed by students of anatomy that many of the muscles which move the joints in the human body act under great mechanical disadvantage. They are attached to the bones so as to operate obliquely,and apply their force at the short end of the lever, near the fulcrum. In the case of the elbow, for instance, the muscle which moves the joint is fastened at one end to the bone of the arm near the shoulder, and at the other to a bone just below the elbow on the inside. The elbow-joint operating as a hinge, the contraction of the muscle has the effect to raise the whole of the lower arm, with the hand, and sometimes a superadded weight, though manifestly at a great loss ol power compared with what the muscle would have if it were attached to the arm farther down, as at the wrist, instead ol near the joint to be moved. Its operation is the same as if we should attempt to shut a door by pulling on a siring fastened at the back part near its hinges. We could do it; but it would take several (rounds of power in this situation to be equal to a single pound applied on the edge next to tire latch So in tire case of most of the muscles—some anatomical in vestigator has calculated that only one sixteenth part of their power is rea lised in direct action, the remainder being lost »n overcoming the disadvan tages of their mode of operation — We can imagine if this is tire case what must be the actual strength of the muscular system in a stout man. The counterbalancing considers lions which led to this sacrifice of power in the arrangement of the tnu«cies have reference, undoubtedly, to beauty of form and celerity of actic/n. We are much handsomer and swifter than we should be if the muscles were so fixed in our various limbs m to have tine ad vantage of (ho long trad ol tire lever. If the muscle for lifting the arm and •carrying weights extended from the shoulder to tire wrist, which would be tire most economical arrangement with reference simply to power, it would make an ungainly-looking limb} the delicate inside angle of tlie elbow would be filled with a protuberant mass of flesh. <)n tire other hand, the muscle so placed would require to contract three times as far as it does now to raise the arm, and consequently the action would be much slower. It is obvious from this inspection or the mechanism of the muscular sys tem that wo wire not constructed principally w ith reference to tire exer tion of strength, and hence arises an argument against the idea that man was made for heavy hand labor. If hard, incessant lilting and labor, like that which multitudes are now con demned to, was intended to be the proper destiny of man, he would have been constructed with more suitable provision lor it in the arrangement of the muscles; the ninety per cent, of (rawer which is now given up for the sake of beauty ami speed would have been saved for strength. Man’s true destiny,on the other hand,is to conquer nature by mind, intelligence, a guod spirit, and social unity, and this will reduce the necessity of physical labor to the proportion which nature has in dicated in the adaptation ol tbe mus cles. If tlicre is on earth a more fascina ting and bewitching sight than a lonely woman in the drawing-room or boudoir, it is that same lovely woman—or, in fact,any other lovely woman-on horse tar k; tdKng it for granted, of course, that she knows how to ride, and sits upon the noble aiuma', proud of his glorious burden, like a muse taking an airy stroll through ether upon the back ol Pegasus, and not shivering and shrinking at every step, like a wooden doll, tearful of lading to pieces.— Female equestiianhm is one ol the most exquisite luxuries of a high state ol civilisation ; an exercise in which every source oi healthful and pleasur able emotion is brought into play, not only for the moment, but in ad the movements and occupations of the body,and which presents the bewilder ing outline and undulating beauty oi the female form in all iu ravishing and intoxicating perfection. So says the . Philadelphia Times,and we say,amen. Bonaparte once at a party placed himself directly before a beautiful and witty lady, and said very abrubtly, “ Madam, I don’t like that women should meddle with politic*.” “ You are very right, General,” she replied, “ but in a country where womeo arc beheaded, it is natural they should desire to know the reason.” Rides and Rambles in Father Land. Chaftrb I. The Occwn-Toj-age—Liverpool. Mr. Htatt : In compliance with your request and that of many other friends, 1 proceed to write out some of my “ notes of travel,” taken down daring my recent trip through England and Wales. As so many tourists have preceded me and have given to the world the benefit of their obser vations, it can hardly be supposed that 1 shall be able to furnish your readers with anything strikingly new or original—yet as no two persons can see objects and events in precisely the same light, 1 am induced to hope my narrative may not prove entirely uninteresting. On Monday, the 28th day of May, I pro ceeded to New York, and in accordance with previous agreement, met my traveling friend and companion. (Ogden Kilbourn, Esq., of Hartford,) at Tammany Hall. We forthwith applied for passage on board the “ Baltic,” which wae to aail on the 30th, but ascertained to our regret,that every berth had been engaged for several days. A similar application on board the steamer “Arago” having been met with a like result, we finally engaged berths on board the packet-ship “James Foster, Jr.” whieh was advertised to sail en Friday, June 1st.— Having however been subsequently advised by the agent that though the packet would leave the wharf on Saturday morning, she would not actually pul out to sea until the 1th, we remained in our comfortable quarters at Tammany until Monday morning, when I a steamer took us on board the “ Foster,” and towed us some fifty miles out. W'ilh a fresh breeae and a new and noble ship, we were soon fairly on our way towards the Old World! and long before the shadows of evening had gathered around us, the shores of oar native land had gradually sunk beneath the western horizon. Far as the eye eould reach, in every direction, one wide waste of waters lay spread out before, behind | and around us—our little craft forming the centre of the circle. 1 stood upon the deck and saw the sun go down- in the ocean—a strange sight to me then, though it soon became a scene so common to tny eye as scarcely to attract a moment’s thought or attention. To one like myself, who had never been oat of sight of land, there is much in the commencement of an ocean voyage to elicit the admiration and wonder of the voyager. An indescribable feeling of awe, united with a sensation of loneliness and dependence, takes complete possession of the mind. But a reaction soon follows < all ideas of novelty are succeeded by the dullest monotony that can well be conceived ■ —especially to those who are accustomed i to active business or out-door employment. I Shut up within the narrow limits of our oaken walls without the possibility of ; egress, the mind necessarily turns inward | upon itself in search of occupation, or seeks for Unusual pastimes among the associates | whom chance or circumstances may have i thrown in its way. Hence games, music, ; dancing, afid festive gatherings with toasts, ! speeches ami songs, are resorted to, and are ( often participated in by the most sedate and ! circumspect of the passengers. But with , all these interludes, time hangs heavily— i for, however much a man may be inclined ’ to literary pursuits on shore, he will cer tainly have no taste for reading or writing on ship-board. If he is fortunate enough to escape the nauseating and debilitating effects ef sea-sickness in its usual fonns, he can scarcely fail to experience the disagree able sensations which almost invariably result from the ioceeaant rocking of the vessel. During the twenty-three days* sail of our good ship between New York and Liverpool, scarcely an event occurred to break the monotony of the voyage. Porpoises and sword-fish occasionally played along our course—now and then a sail wae announced Or a steamship passed us in the distance— and sea-birds appeared and disappeared si brief intervals daring the whole passage. For the most part we were favored with a fair breeze—though a few days of high wtnds^racceeded by a calm of like duration, gave ns an idea of the variety which usually attends a life at sea. The winds at no time rose to the dignity of s gale, yet the ocean arms often lashed to a foam, and the billows not uufrequently swept completely over our ship. To a landsman, tue scene was an exciting and fearful one, though others seemed to regard it as a very tame affair. Having intimated that no event wortiiy of especial notice took place on our outward bound trip, 1 must beg leave to correct myself is one particular—though 1 eannot but regret the necessity which impels me to make the correction. I refer to the treatment of the sailors by some of the officers ot the packet. Often daring the voyage, the pas sengers were shocked at noticing the bru tality whieh the former experienced at the bends of the latter, apparently for the most trifling causes. Two or three of die seamen in particalar,whn wen foreigners mod undet # stood the English language but very im perfectly, were used so harshly aa to excite the sympathy of every one who chanced to witness their treatment. Oaths and the rope’s-end. followed them wherever they went, besides being occasionally knocked over and kicked in the side and face with heavy boots, until the poor victims seemed scarcely able to walk. I hazard little in saying that I listened to more profanity i during.the voyage than I had heard in my whole previous life. I must be excused, also, for calling the attention of the “Ameri can Tract Society” to the conduct of at least one of their agents in the distribution of Tracts and Testa nenls. On a Sabbath morning an officer of the ship took into the lower cabin a bundle of temperance and religious publications, and commenced cir culating them hy calling over their titles, not unliks an auctioneer, mingling his pro fane comments and coarse jests as hu went on in a boisterous tirade—much to the disgust of all sobcr-tninded listeners. As much good as this excellent Society has unquestionably accomplished, I must insist that the employment of such “ assistants” in their work of evangelisation is calculated to bring not only the association, but the cause of religion itself, into contempt. On the morning of the 26th, (our 91st day out,) the lighthouse near Wexford, on the Irish coast,was seen; and during nearly the entire day the hills and mountains of Ireland were visible. Towards evening we came in sight of the Welsh coast, and the sails and steamers were rapidly increasing in numbers. At daybreak on the 97th we were all upon deck, looking out upon the magnificent highlands on the coast of Wales An unusual stir among the officers and sailors indicated that we were approaching the port of our destination. The passengers too, were soon in a bustle, overhauling and re-packing their chests and trunks, by way of preparing for the custom-house, and bringing their baggage on deck. At half past 8 o’clock s tng-stesnier came alongside for the purpose, as we supposed, of lowing us into port ( but she soon pushed off and led us, much to the disappointment of the passengers, as there was but little wind and our progress Was proportionality slow.— About 9 in tha#fternoon, however, a steamer came to our relief, and before sunset we were anchored off the Liverpool dock. We were, however. compelled to remain on board until 11 o’clock on the following morning,when we were taken to the custom house and were there detained full three hours before we could obtain possession of our baggage. The day of our landing was unusually warm—the premises about the custom-house were close and suffocating, and without any conveniences for resting cr refreshment. The contrast between the cool sea-breesesand this stifling atmosphere was of course very great, and many of the pas sengers suffered severely. Having at length obtained our release, we took lodgings at St, George’s Hotel, in Lime street, and began our observations of men and things in the Old World. To one who has been familiar with the cities of America, there is little in the appearance of Liverpool to attract his attention, unless I except the great num ber of signs, morn or less attractive, which indicate the location of “ Wine and Brandy Vaults,” “ Beer. Porter, and Gin” Saloons, and otlierdrinking establishments. Indeed, it would seem that tbs manufac ture and sale of liquors of various kinds constituted the principal business of the place. Subsequent observations through* out England convinced me that the number and variety of these signs was not a pecu liar feature of Liverpool. The “Liverpool Docks*' have justly been regarded ae a marvel to all strangers. Owing to the town being located so near upon the open sea, the harbor was-formerly regarded as quite unsafe for the increasing amount of shipping which thronged the port. To ob viate this disadvantage, and to give addi tional facilities for the lading and unlading of vessels, the merchants and corporation many years since, commenced the erection of quays and basins along the banks of the estuary of the Mersey,which have gradually increased in number and importance until the present time. As the visitor approach es the town from the sea, be appears to be entirely excluded from landing by an im mense brick wall Which extends along the shore for the distance of lire miles. With in these walls he sees a dense forest of masts snd he begins mentally to wonder bow they came there and how they are ever to get. out: s closer observation, however, reveals several narrow openings in the wall, (some of them protected by gates,) which are de signed tor the ingress snd egress of the shipping to the basins and wharves to which 1 have referred. When once within the walls, the ships are entirely protected from winds sad storms. On some of the wharves and docks capacioos sheds and warehouses are erected for (bn eonvenfe|pe of shippers snd merchants, where merchandise of every description can be safely stored. When the line of works now contemplated shall be finished, Liverpool will have over two hundred acres of docks and basins, and about fifteen miles of quays—an extent su perior to that of any other port in the world. The dock estate is managed hy a committee of twenty-one—thirteen of whom roust be members of the Town Council, and. the re- ^ maining eight are ohosen from the mer chants and shipowners. The streets of the town are laid out with- j out any particular claim to regularity. It contains no long, straight thoroughfare like Broadway, nor one which can compare with ^ it in the taste and magnificence of its stores j and its public and private edifices. The streets are often broadband well built, but. winding and irregular in their course. St. George’s Hall, in Lime street, one of the most stately buildings in the kingdom, is occupied by the Courts of Assise, the Vice Chancellor’s Court, Sheriff's Jury Court,; Grand Jury Room, Bairister’s Library, and by an immense public hall in which is loca ted the largest organ of die world. The wind for this instrument is supplied by steam power. The Sailor’s Home, the Town Hall, the General Post Office, the National Gal lery, the Railway Stations, Ac., are also among the principal edifices of Liverpool. The railways enter the town by tunnels instead of passing on a level with the streets, as is often the case in this country. One of these passes under the town for a dis tance of a mile and a quarter. In some places warehouses are erected over the tun nel, and are connected with it by means of trap-doors, through which merchandise is loaded and unloaded. Through these sub terranean passages the cars are drawn hy stationary engines which are worked hy steam. Much of the distance is cut through the solid rock into s perfect arch ; and, the remainder ot the way, the arch is continued Hy brick-work. Indeed, the workmanship of the railroads and atalion-housea through out England, (as I soon had occasion to ob serve,) bears the appearance of neatness and permanence to s remarkable degree. Tbe causeways,the bridges and their abutments, as well as the tunnels, are built of solid ma sonry. The sides of the dug-ways, whether through the earth or rock, have an even sur face and a uniform slope; and, where the soil w ill admit of it, they are not unfrequcnl ly cultivated almost down to the very track. P. K. K. COPPER IK COWNKCTICUT. The editor of the Gourant has been shown some specimens of copper ore, from a new ly discovered copper mine in Torrington. This mine is Within about a stone’s throw of the meeting house on Torrington Hill, and is destined to be heard of hereafter.— The specimens were the yellow sulphuret of copper, containing over 30 per cent, of metallic copper. They have worked some 30 feet down, with a common windlass, like a mere well; but the indication* are so satisfactory that the mine will be im mediately pnshed. The fact is, the min- rat Wealth of this state, has been entirely overlooked. The greatest fortunes in this state, will one day be possessed by the owneis of the mines and quarries. We have a geological stratum running through our state, which has always been known to be the richest in mineral wealth, of any part of the earth’s crust. It is said that the old Granby copper mine it being reworked more vigorously tban ercr; and that it promises to enrich its present proprietors. It would only parallel the Bristol mine, if such should prove to be the case. A little tiling, some times turns the scale, and makes worth millions, what would otherwise be worth less. Tbe Torrington mine is so situated that water power ean be easily obtained and ap plied, and ample drainage can easily be ob tained. Now is thenime for land owners to explore their tracts,and derelope their, capabilities. Solemnity vs. Chkbrfi'lness.—In a ser mon delivered by Rev. Dr. Bellows of New York, before the Western Unitarian Confer ence is the following paragraph: “ For my own part, 1 say it all solemnity, 1 have lived to become sincerely suspicions of the piety of those who do not love pleasure in any form. I cannot trust the man that never laughs ; that Is always sedate; that has no apparent outlets for those natural springs of sportiseness and gayety that are perennial in the human soul. I know that nature j ■ takes her revenge on such violence. I ex pect to find secret vices, malignant sins, or horrid crimes springing up in this hot bed of confined air Snd imprisoned space; and, therefore, it gives me a sincere moral grat ification anywhere and in any community to see innocent pleasures and popular amuse* merits resisting the religious bigotry that frowns so unwisely upon them. Anything is better than that dark, dead. Unhappy So cial life—a prey to ennui and morbid excite* ment, which results from unmitigated puri tanism. whose second crop is usually unbri dled licsas* and infamous folly." CARRIER PIGEONS AND THE TELE GRAPH. Many of the newspaper readers, who wake up in the morning and find a column of European news, by telegraph, ready for their perusal, in the morning paper, the steamer having arrived only the midnight before, do not know the labor and the enterprise which are involved to procure this early transmission of the steamer's news. The associated press, have an agent for the arrival of New York steamers at the S.mtly Hook light*house. He has fifty carrier pigeons, which are trained for the purpose of conveying news from the steam ships to the shore. A man in an open boat, in all kinds ot weather, drops aiong-aide the steamer as she bears directly npon Sandy Hook. The news is thrown over in a water-tight can, and the news being taken out, a single sheet is affixed to a bi rd’sleg. The man then gives the signal to the bird, which raises his wings and away he goes, with all his powers of locomotion, in a straight line for the office, going a distance of three or tour miles in as many minutes : and popping in at the window, is received hy the agent, who transmits the intelligence over the wires to New York, Boston, and Philadelphia, and thence to St. Louis, New Orleans, and all parts of the country, so that the news is frequently received over s large part of the United States, and published before the steamer leaves the quarantine. The Three Jolly Husband*. Three jolly husbands out in the eonntry, by the names of Tim Watson, Joe Brown, and Bill Walker, aat late one eveningdrink ing at the village tavern, until, being pretty well corned, they agreed that each one on returning home, should do the first thing that his wife told him, in default of which he should Ihe next morning pay the bill.— They then separated for the night, engaging to meet again the next morning, and give an honest account of their proceedings at home, so tar as they related to ll.e bill. The next morning Walker and Brown were early at their posts, hut it was some time before Watson made his appearance. W’alker began first: “ You see when I entered my house the candle was out, and the fire giving hnt a glimmering of light, 1 came near walking into a pot or baiter that the pancakes were to he made of in the morning. My wife, who was dreadfully out of humor, said to me sarcastically, “ Bill t do put your foot in the halter.” “ Just as you say,' Maggy," said I, and without the least hesitation 1 put my foot in the pot of hatter, and then went to bed.” Next. Joe Brown told his story s “ My wife had alrendy retired incur usu al sleeping room which adjoins the kitchen, and the door of which was r^jar; no*being able to navigate perfectly, yop know, I made a dreadful clattering among the house hold furniture, and my wife, in no very pleasant tone, bawled out, 1 * Do break the porridge pot.' No sooner said than done ; I sclxed hold of the bail of the pot, and striking it against the chimney jamb, broke it in a hundred pieces, After this exploit I retired to rest, and got a curtain lecture all night for my pains.** It was now Tim Watson's turn to give an account of himself, which he did with a very long face us follows : “My wife gave me the most unlucky command in the world ; for I was blundering np stairs in Ihu dark, when She cried out, • Do hrrak your neck—do, Tim.' 1 i'll be cussed If I do, Kale,' said I, as t gathered myself up ; • I’!l sooner pay the bill.* And so, landlord, here’s the cash for you ( and this Is the last lime I’ll ever risk live dollars ou the command of my wife.” Burns sprang from the workers and of them he sang—of their cheerful poverty,and of ibeir shadowed lives, rarely sprinkled with days and nights of social mirth ; of their hopes and fears—^ahd Working men are honorable for ever. He has set bis fel lows a great example; he has shown that the pen is as fit and powerful in the brown hand of toil as in the lingers of the high born and rich. He has taught them self* respect; he is their representative in the Parliament of lire Immortals; he is the king of their order, and that order call never be enslaved and degraded so long at his name is remembered—and that one tempestuous strain, “ Is there for honest poverty,” Ve rily the man Who has done all this has not lived in vain. It washes away til the errors of a life-time. lir The editor of • Portland paper sayi a comical farmer friend of his in a letter recently received, mentioned the fallowing case of conscience i *• I ahl attain one of the town officers j t was ehosen Selectman* Oversear of the Poor, Assessor, School Committee, (which 1 declined.) Treasurer* Collector, Constable, and two other offices which 1 will not mention. As a candidate for each office named, I received every vote in town—*from which circnmeMnec them seemed to ring in my ears the Words, “ Wad unto you when all men apeak well of you.” I didn’t feel quite well about it until aetteral days after, a man called me a far, because I was protecting the town against imposi tion. After that / felt belter. The denun ciation of Scripture was no longer applicable to me.” nr A Western correspondent writes of a handsome Yankee peddler who made love to a buxom Widow in Pennsylvania. He accompanied his declaration with an allusion to two impediments to their union. “ Name them.” said the widow. »• The want of means to set ap a retail store,” Was the reply. They parted and the widow sent the peddler a check sufficient for his purposes. When they Met again, the peddlef had hired and stocked his store t ami the amiling fair one begged to know the other impediment, “ I have another wife J” exclaimed tho notion dealer. xar Love, the tooth-aebe, cmoke.a cough, and a tight boot, arc things which cannot long be kept secret.