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The daily Madisonian. [volume] (Washington City [i.e. Washington, D.C.]) 1841-1845, December 30, 1841, Image 2

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D.rrutbrr 27, 1841.
Sir : I hive the honor, herewith, to submit the annual
report from the Commissioner of the General
Land Oflice. and the documents connected therewith,
in relation to that branch of the public service.
1 have the honor to be,
Very respectf-illy, your ob't serv't,
Secretary vj the I'rtasuiy.
Hon. Samcel L. Southard,
President pro Irm. rf the Senate.
General Land Orrice,
December 'J4, leiill.
Sir: I have the honor to submit, with the accompanying
documents, the following report in relation
to this branch of the public service.
During the year 1840, the sales of public lands
amounted to 3,230,889 74-100 acres; the purchase
money to 2,789,6.17 53.100 dollars; and the receipts
into the Treasury, from the same source, to $3,292,683
29.100, as will appear from the table marked A.
During the first three quarters of the year 1841, the
sah-s amounted to 118,072 39.100 acres ; the purchase
money to $1,024,823 43.100; and the receipts
into the Treasury from the same source during the
same period to $1,104,063 06.100, as shown by the
table marked II.
. Tire .monthly sales from the 1st of January to the
30th September of the present year are shown by
table marked C.
The exhibit marked D, shows the latest period to
which returns have been rendered from the District
lamd Otliees, and the latest cash balances in the
hands of Receivers. ,
The progress and extent of the labo-s performed
in registering the sales of public lands in the tract
books of this olliee, as well as in the adjustment of
the quarterly accounts of Receivers of public moneys,
is indicated by the tabular exhibit marked E.
The exhibit marked F, shows the annual sales of
the public domain from the year 1833 to the 30th of
ocpicmucr, icti.
The document marked G, pi'esents a view of the
sales of the Chickasaw lands, in Mississippi and Alabama,
pursuant to the treaties of 183:1 and 1834, discriminating
between the regular sales and those made
for the benefit of Chickasaw orphans, from the commencement
of operations under those treaties, until
the 3l)th September,' 1841.
Document U, presents the estimates for the Surveying
Department for the year 184'i.
Table 1 is a synopsis of Jhc proclamations and reproclamations
for public sales of lands since the last
annual renort.
Florida T.#I I I I
I j 1 1 I
9,870,142 81 8,108,800 00 8,590,000 00
1 I !
(a) Being the.United States alternate sections in
the Wabash and Erie Canal. The alternate sections
in the Dayton Canal are yet to he offered for sale.
,L (b) In the late Miami cessions. No land district.
(c) In southern peninsula. Nearly 6 1-2 millions
of acres offered ill 1840. No demand for new lands.
(<l) Withheld, on account of lead mineral, 116,941
(e) 407,619 acres,in late N. W. addition to the
Vj State. No land district.
(f) Situated N. W.of Green Bay.
(g) Withheld on account of lead mineral.
(It) Proclamation prepared, (m) No report from
this office These quantities are the new surveys ordered
in October, 1841.
i(i) About two-thirds in the Dauterive and Houmas
(k) 1,349,707 acres withheld in Choctaw cession
of 1830.
(I) 1,537,909 acres in late Cherokee cession. No
land district.
Operations suspended on account of Indian hostilities.
' Of the above quantity of about nine anil three quarters
millions of acres, prepared for market, and not yet
a Ivertised for sale, it will be perceived, by the explnnatiry
notes at the bottom of the table, that a verylarge
proportion (upwards of five millions of acres)
cou.d not be proclaimed for sale for want of further
Dj , legislation iu reference to the organization of new
lanJ district^, or the annexation of such bodies of I
|* lauds to the adjacent districts, and also as to the j
mode of disposing of the lands containing lead in neral,
i\c. The plats of a large proportion of the new
lands now available for market nave been but recent i
ly received, and so soon as the facts shall be asccr- I
tamed as to the most suitable periods for holding the
1 sales, the necessary steps will be taken to bring all
those lands into market which arc unembarrassed by
the above causes.
The instructions for new surveys this year embraced
enly about the auantity of 89 townships in |
and authorized the re-tracing of a portion ^
The following exhibit has been prepared with a design
of showing, in a condensed form, the quantities
of public land proclaimed for sale in 1841, and the
probable amount that will be available for proclamation
in the year 184:2 in each State and Territory.
Exhibit of the quantities of public land (being exch iiss
cf the school sections) in each State and Territory, proclaimed
and re-proclaimed for sale in the year 1841;
the quantities, the plats cf surrey, of which hare been
returned to the General Land Office ; the quantities prepared
for nurrket not yet advertised ; and the probable
quantities (estimated from the reports <f the Surrey/ r
General) which will be prepared for market in all the
year 1842.
c -3 I Quantities, the plats of
-a "" survey, of which have
| Jj i been returneil to the
3 | General Land Ofllcc
8 - e <- t ~?.
STATE OR ^-'1 -2 -2 o
TCRR1 TORT. o -2 JB t Z O S"
I Q.2 o "a C "3 ~ 73
[ hljji?j jl
Acres, hlhs. Acres, hths. -.teres, hths.
(a) (a)
Ohio - 96,640 00 96,640 00
Indiana - - 480,623 00
Michigan - 1,824,555 00 1,855,732 00 1,157,071 22
Illinois - 352,918 43 313,693 43 1,050,948 70
Misssouri - - 110,268 43 1,213,261 40
Wisconsin T. 160,046 51 - 557,862 76
Iowa T. - - 694,229 00:
Arkansas - 825.33G 84 825,336 84 632,372 36
Louisiana - - 535,258 21 227,376 75
Mississippi - - 1,314,707 00 507,271 02
Alabama . - 44,0G1 29 1,537,907 00 57,141 76
Florida T.'
Total - 3,303,558 07 7,770,394 91 5,409,305 97
I | J Estimated quantities, the
? o piais 01 wmcn arc ex^
-3 pected to be returned
to the General Land
? 5? Office in all the year
5*r 1842.
i ?-i
TERRITORIES. 5 5 5 v:_. 1 ? ?
w ? ? h irst six I Last six
2 Ja <2 months, i months.
. leres. Inks. Acres. htha. Acres. htUs.
Ohio - (a)
Indiana - 486,623 00
Michigan - 1,188,248 22] 291,200 00 1,568,000 00
j (d)
Illinois .'1,017,723 70.1,836,800 00 470,400 00
1 (') !
Missouri - ,1,323,529 83 2,038,400 00 3,050,800 00
I ' (f)
WisconsinT. j 397,816 25 201,600 001,299,200 00
I \ (K) I
!| Iowa T. - 1 694,229 00 940,800 00] 291,200 00
I (h) ! (m) \ (m)
Arkansas - j 632,372 36 1,008,000 00, 985,600 00
Louisiana - 762,634 96 1,164,800 00 930,800 00
(k) 1
Mississippi 11,821,978 02] 627,200 00!
Alabama - '1.550.987 47| \
. *
of the old surveyed line* in the Bute* of Mississippi
und Alabama, recommended in former report*, and
for which latter appropriations were made ut the 1st
and 2d session* of the 2tilh Congress. These, together
with the surveys in progress under existing contracts,
it was found would furnish the average quantity
of public land annually ottered for sale, provided,
as it is now designed doing, active operations should
be commenced early in the ensuing spring, under the
unexpended balances, yet available of the former aj>propriutions
for surveying. ?
For particular information as to the condition of
the surveys in the several districts, and the progress
of the oltice work, together with the estimates for
the service of 1842, I respectfully refer to the rircu
lar ol llus ouioe, ana uie repons ui u?
General, with maps, made in compliance therewitli,
and forming document marked K ; in which it will
be perceived thut due regard has been had to the reduction
of the expeuoe in their publication, by dispensing
almost entirely with the coloring heretofore employed
on the maps, and by condensing the tabular
and other statements within the smallest possible
Table marked L, compiled from the above reports,
will show the number of miles of surveying under
contract; their estimated cost; the miles returned;
the amount paid on account thereof; and the cash
balances remaining in the hands of the Surveyor Geaeral
for each State and Territory, except the State
of Arkansas, from which no report has yet been received
at this office.
The existing contracts for surveying, and the new
surveys, which it is contemplated to order in 184:1,
embrace the following described lands :
Michigan.?The survey of the exterior boundary
lines of about 1IM) townships on the south coast of
Lake Superior, extending from range 8 west, to Chocolate
and hsconawbu rivers, and as far south us the
line between townships 40 and 43, have, it appears,
just been completed ; also the sub-division into sections
of about 13 townships on and near little Traverse
Bay, which, w ith tin- completion of some other
roiitructs, in the Southern l'eniusula, comprise the
surveying operations of the past year in this district.
The estimates for the service of 1840, are for the
survey of all the exterior township lines, which are
included between the ahove-me'ntioned township
boundaries and Green Bay; for the survey for market
nf ?!>? a-..I,.,,, Iin..| nl' g f..u I tnu'llxl 1 ills on that
!>av, and of the whole or a portion of the lands heretofore
surveyed into townships in the Northern I'enin- j
sulur, lying east of range nine, west; the v, hole esti-<
I mated at about 7(1 townships.
Wisconsin- Territory The unfinished .contract* j
in this Territory are for the sub-division lines of a
few townships on . the north bank of the Wisconsin ,
river; the surveys recommended for 184:2 embrace (|
the dub-division for market of 30 townships in the i,
Winnebago cession, situated in the forks ot the Mis- ,
sissippi and Wisconsin rivers, and of about 25 town- ;
ships in the Menominee cession, and the former In- i
dian reservation of 500,000acres north of Fox river; j
together with certain township exteriors on the Mis- |
[ sissippi river, extending from the existing surveys, to i
the tails of St. Anthony, and for the sub-divisiou of a <
few of those townships at intermediate points, or near i
the mouths of Chippewa and St. Croix rivers,
Iuw a Territory.?The sub-division of about 55 i
townships in the Sac and Fox cession of 1837, and J
the west part of the cession of 1832, made by the \ <
same tribes, are embraced by the existing contracts,11
nearly the whole of which surveys have, it appears,! |
been returned to the Surveyor General's Office", and j i
the returns of the plats to this office may therefore he ' i
soon expected; w Inch-will complete, as far as prac- *
ticablc, the surveys of all the lands in Iowa, to which j i
the Indian title has been extinguished. j tI
would respectfully invite your attention to the ! i
subject of the compensation at present allowed by | u
law to the Surveyor General of Iowa and Mwcotwin, j
which happens to he less by fire huiulred dollars per annum,
than the allowance to each of the other officers I
of a similar grade, while the duties of that Surveyor's |
Department exceed, at this time, those of any other, j'
and the responsibilities are greater. 1 fully concur!
with the Surveyor General in his statement on this '
subject contained in his report hereto appended, and, i
in the accompanying estimates of the expense- Un i
Surveying Department, have included the proposed '
Illinois.?The present contracts are for about 70 1
townships situated in the north part of the State, the '
returns of the plats of which may be shortly expected. v
The quantity of about 45 townships in the north part
of the State, with a few adjoining the Indian line, all "
narked Z, on the map which accompanies the tsur-j *
veyor General's annual report; also, some detached j h
tracts on the navigable rivers iu the Quincy district,! i!
will comprise the new surveys for the ensuing year, j1
Missocri.?The unfinished contracts in this State, | 11
include about 90 townships selected for sub-division j p
throughout the State. The 94 townships, marked Z, '
and thus on the Surveyor General's map, together 1
w ith the exterior tow nship lines of all the unsurveyed < *
lands in the southwestern angle of the State, fifty of *
which to be selected and sub-divided for market, i I1
1,:?' i.ia ?r? il?. t
U10Itlll? III HIV! Ugg.^ll.v, UUv.U. I , ......
surveys recommended for 1SJ42. I I'
Arkansas.? No report or answer to the circularly
has been received from the Surveyor General. A ilu ! 8
plicate of the circular wis, therefore,- transmitted to (
him last month, and his report, when received, will he
communicated, although this otlice has been enabled f
to fill the blank thus occasioned in the suiveying es- ^
timates fioin other sources, 'l'hc eighty-nine town j
ships ordered for survey in October ia?t, on the recomtnend
alion of the Sutveyor General, based on me
inori&ls addressed to him liy ihe citizens in various
sections of the Stale, together with the completion 01
the existing contiacts, will comprise the new suiveys
in this dis rict.
Lou si an a.?The ur.lini-hed contracts cover about
fifty-two townships in various parts ol ihcSlu e, situated
principally, however, along the Gulf shores, ami
ill the vieinily of the Do Bastrop claim. The Con
templated new surveys in 18-1'J, will include lands
situated south of Lakes Maurepas and Ponchartrain,
South ar)d Liu?t of Lake Borgne, and some situated
on each of the Lakes, Dcs Alleinunds, Salvador, and
Barataria, and on the Gulf of Mexico.
Mississippi.?About twenty-six townships in the
northwestern part^ ol the Sta e in the Clnctawees
ion ol 1R30, and a large portion of the surveys to he
retraced under the special appropriations heretofore j
made for the purpose, comprise the surveying eon-j
tracts in the divtiict. Thu.opeiutions of 1S4-, will
tie confine! to ll.c completion ol these contracts, ana
the retracing the old surveys.
Alabama.?Toe existing contracts are for the completion
o, the public surveys south of the 31 at deg. of
latitude, and, connection therewith, of (lie private t
claims, which it a| pears are now neurly completed. ^
! , n^t.,h i- l..?i thu Snrvov or fsonernl w.lh author zed
lo contract t r retracing the old survey lines, under 1
the special cppiopriaiioii of $15,000 made at thi la-t
regular session of Congress, which, together with
such amount of similar woik as maybe ordered when
the general appropriation bill shall have been acted J.
upon, will comprise the principal surveying opera- j (
Hons in this State for the ensuing yrar.
Florida Territory,?The surveying operations]
in this district, with the exception of the survey ol r
Forbes' claim, and completing a free ilelnehed suiveys,
including the town of St. Marks, now in progress, \'
have been necessarily suspended on account of the ]1
Indian disturbanos in that quarter. When opera- 11
lions can he safely resumed, u is designed to extend 1
somedf the lines oflhe puldie surveys South, througo 1
the entire Peninsula, arid authorize the sub-division 11
of some townships at each of the most prominent j'
points for settlement on the Gulf and >/a shores, '
Shortly after entering upon the duties of this office,
it was dttcrmineil hy Hie late Secretary of the Treasury,
to cause an examination to he made hy I tic se- /
veral land offices, arid also of the offices of the Sui- i
veyor's General, which latter have never been the <
subject ol a ininu'e and particular investigation since I
the oiigin of (the land system. Much dt torn ity in i
the details otoffice duties mid arrangements was believed
to exist iri these offices, whicli it is important I
to correct, and which cpuld only be understood and j i
reniidied through the medium of an investigation anil I
compuiison of the whole, conducted by a single indi- i
vidunl, I
'I he subject of protecting against the casualty of
fire the all-important archives of the Surveying Do- j
partment, (to which the attention of the agent ? a\i
particularly dirci ted,) in the absence of provision by 11
law for tire-proof buildings, is one of great public in-; terest,
requiring ol the Executive, the adoption of all i
proper means within its competency to insure their] I
safety from a calamity to which they were so pcculi- t
any name in some exposed summons. I ,
Among a variety ot other matters requiring the at- '
tentiou ot' an examining agent, is the subject of re- j i
establishing old corners in the surveys obliterated by |i
time or Irom other catises, v. ith a view to adopting 11
the best plan to insure fidelity on the part of the dep- |
uty surveyors in their field operations, particularly as i
regards the proper marking of the section and quarter ;
section corners ; and it is hoped that such information |
in reference to this important and delicate subject, i
(which could not be arrived at without careful examinations
011 the spot, and consultation with the several t
Suricyors General,) will be elicited, as will obviate <
the present difficulties, or enable this otliee to recom- i
mend such remedy as may he found necessary for the
action of Congress.
An individual, peculiarly fitted for this task by his
experience and well known discretion and integrity,
has been appointed to conduct the investigation of the
whole Surveying Department, with a view to effect
the objects herein alluded to, and of inquiring into the
facts and circumstances relating to a variety of most
ini|Kirtant special matters of business, connected with
thoHC unices, ol long siufuJiiig ami ol great embarruMincut,
where satisfactory results could not be attuined
by tbe tedious and uncertain process of correspondence.
The labors of this agent are yet in progress,
and so far as reported, have fully realized tbe expectations
of this office, and it is believed that when terminated
they Will result in advantages that cannot
fail to be appreciated by the country.
I would beg leave to call attention to tbe fart that
many cases of claims to tbe pre-emption privilege
have been suspended by this office, for the follow irig
reasons :
In cases where two persons claiming the benefitsof
the pre-emption law of June 19lh, 1MH4. were situate
on a fractional quurter section, or lot containing less
than one hundred and sixty acres, and tbe privilege
etijoyed by tark of locating "eighty acres" of land elsewhere,
lias been so construed by the Register and Receiver
as to induce them to allow not "eighty acres"
each, or one hundred and sixty acres jointly, but so
much, as w hen added to the contents ol tbe. original
tract cultivated, and in the pot- of the prccmptors,
(us shown by tbe tec tunony,) vill amount to
three hundred and twenty acres. These Ilealmg rights,
as they arc called, thus located, have been sold in
most instances, and are now in the bands of innocent
Tbt office cannot approve such cases, inasmuch as
they arc l',r quantities exceeding tbe amount authorized
by law, but tor the reason above slutid, added to
the fuel, thai the Government bus realized the purchase
lie ney tor the land thus entered by pre-miption and
floats, it is deemed proper to recommend to (Jongices
the confirmation of such entries, where a correction of
the same under tbe directions of this office lias not already
been effected, by restricting the assignee of the
pre emptor to the precise quantity allowed by law, by
legal subdivisions, when such couise was found practicable.
A large number of cases of claims to pre-emption
have been suspended in consequence of the proof being
made before the Clerk of the Register, acting with
tbe Receiver, in the unavoidable ubsenceof the former.
The law requiring that the proof be satisfactory to tbe
Uegieter and Receiver, this judicial duly could not be
delegated by either officer to his clerk, or any oilier
lierson, and such claims not having received the joint
sanction of tbe two officers empowered by law to decide
on their validity, (he entries s*re at present void.
Such riij,e*. howi vrr have not been as vet alisolnlelv
rejected by tins office, inasmuch at the proof in such
in would entitle the parlies, in most instances, to the
iiin) entered, and Congress by confirming such an the
IJotnoiissioncr, from satisfactory proof, may deem to be
ialid would confer on the cluuoantn a title which unler
present circumstances they cannot obtain.
JSumeroun oiher entries by pre-emption have been
mnpended by this office for defect of proof, erior in
ocation and other causes, w hich prevent the issuing
if patents. These produce much embarrassment to
bin office, and odd much to its lubors in tile corn >Nindeiice
to which they give rise. The oiigmal cluimmts
are either dead or have left the country and
one to Texas or to ports unknown, so thot the preient
Itoldeis of the ceit.ficates of purchusc cuhoot oliotn
the uildilton.il evuh nee deemed nectsoiry. Such
laims ol this description, on are believed to be valid,
night with the other classes of suspended claims here
l)Ii|d> d to, be embraced by one general remedial law.
Such proceeding would greatly tend to relieve this
ilfice of existing uihurrasMiienl* tespecliiig them, and
he picsent holders of the equitable loteiesis would be
ilaced in a s.toation to ohluiii their lilies, which it is
10I likely would ever otherwise he effected.
In view therefore of the fotcgoing stale of facts, 1
i>1 leave respectfully to submit for consideration tbe
. wmg, as the provisions i I law, winch might be
rewribed for tbe coi.finiiatlon of the sales of the decription
referred to.
' That in a 11 cases where tiny entry has been made
inder the pre-emption laws, of land which was public
and subject to s.de at tlie dole of such cnti>,ai.d
vhere the same is now susjended at the Genrol
Land Office, because of the original tract claimed
'Hi K v??.r..iuK mo ijuu.uojr
pectfied in the liiw ; or where the adjudication bus
nfll made by the Receiver ami the Clerk of the Re
ister, ac ing in the stead of the Register ; or where
he proof U| on which the claim is founded is not in the
nrni, nor lull as to all the fuels required by law, such
nines and rales are hereby continued, arid patents
hall be issued thereon, as in other case-: 1'n.rided,
hat the Commissi.mer of the G?r>< ml La no Office
hall be satisfied that such entry has been in other rcpectsfair
and regular; that is not contested by other
ersons claiming the tract or tracts, to entered, and
hat no fraud shall up|>ear or he alleged to exist: And
rorided further, thai the ease shall not alieady have
ieen settled l>y the adjudication of the General Land
iflice, and the adoption by the pre eniptoi or his asignte,
of the measures pointed out by that ullice, for
lie correction of the evil."
Remarks in relation to Mineral Lands?The
estiiction imposed tiy law on the sale of lead lands,
as been a matter of much public intriest, and one
rhich ap|>ears to call for speedy consideration.
The general provisions of exi-ling laws rtquire that
lie public lands, on which lead mines are found, shall
c reserved from sale, and authorize the President to
ause the same to he leased for a term of yeais.
All the information before the Executive in illation
a the extent of the minerai legion of the West, was
ommunicated to the lluu-e of Kepteseutntives, puruaot
to its resolution ol February IS, IS-J3, and cuntitotes
printed document Mo. l'ds, oi the 1st session,
Stli Congress.
Many years subsequent to the collation of the inarina'ion
furnished t.y that report, Congress enacted
he law of March 3, 1831), "to authorize the Piesient
of the United States to cause the resetted lead
nines in the'Slule of Missouri to be exposed to pub
;<: sale, anil fot other purpi ses;" anil requiting " "lal
ix months' notice, at least, of the limes anil places ol
lie Rail) sales, shall he given in such newspaper* ot
eneral circulation, in such of the Slates as the I'risi
icnt may think expedient, with a Itrii f description ot
he mineral rrgioh in Missouri, anil ot the lands to he
fTered for sale, showing ihe numbtr and the Iccaliles
ol the dill'ereiit mines now known ; the pmhahiliv
of discovering others; the quality of the ore; the
ucili'.ics for working it; th,. luriher la ' ... s, if any,
or manufactories of .-hot, shut l-ad, and paints, and
he means and expense ot transporting the who e to
he piincipal markets in li e United Slates."
Pursuant to the foregoing prow-ion.;, the President
ssued, in March, 1830, his proclamation ' u the sabs
if the lescrved lead mines, under the prescribed lornaliiies,
and it is a remarkable fact, that the public
ale il.il not attract the attention of capitalists, and that
he entries sinee, at private sale have been very few.
On the (iih of February, 1833, the House of Representative*
pamed a resolution, as follows:
" ftctolrtd, That the President of the United States
ie requested to cause to he prepared and presented to
he next Congtess, at an early day, a plan for the ilisicsal
of the public mineral lands, having reference, as
well to the amount of revenue to he derived from
hem and their value ns public property, as to the
equitable claims of individuals upon them; .and that at
die same time he communicate to Congress all the information
in the possession of the Treasury Depart-,
ment reiative to their location, vulue, productiveness,
ind occupancy ; and that lie cause such luitbcr information
to bo collected, and surveys to be made, as
may be necessary for tbese purposes."
The result of the mineral exploration, by Dr. David
D.de Owen, in the Territories ol Juwa and It'isnmlin,
made by order of the Executive under the afore aid
resolution, was communicated, with the Presilenl's
message ot the 4tll Jone, IS 10, to the House ot
Repicsentalives, and now constitutes printed document'
No. '2.')!), of the 1st session, thrill Congress.
The numer. u? interesting mops, diagrams, and useul
illustrations, which accompanied that report, do
lot ap|rear to have been puhltsl Cil, on account,it is hcleved.
of the aptirehended cost ot such publication?
in omission which i? to lie regretted, and which it is
toped mnv yet be mppli? I
The signal energy which I)r. Owen exhibited in
iroseeutirig his examination-, is only cijnailed by the
ibility with which he executed the duty assigned
lint. Any one who will < xamine his report inii-t be
truck with the testimony it furnishes of the vast 1111lcral
wealth, hitherto Unexplored, eonUiincd in the.
iniits of the public domain. The report, however
is printed without the maps, illustrations, diagramXe.,
loses half its interest, and niiieh of its value
fliesc maps and illustrations indicate the peeuiiar
haraeter of the whole country exploied, not only for
nitiiiiij', but aprirultural purposes ; and, if printed,
ivouhl eon-titutc (with proper annotations) a eonidele
description of each tract of land throughout the
vholc mineral region ; an object of the Itrst importuiee
in urn/ plan which may tie adopted for their dislo-ition,
and which could scarcely lie attained in any
itlier way.
I have recently received from Dr. Owen arommuni ation
enclosing various emendations and corrections
if the original report, (w ith three additional diagrams)
vhich will much reduce the length of the report, render
it more perfect, and, I doubt not, add to it* general intercut.
So eager was the public to obtain the information
contained in the report, that, of the few copie*,
printed by order <>1 the House, it is now impossible
to obtain an extra copy for business purposes,
there being hut a single, copy in this Department. It
is believed that the printing of the report, with the
maps, illustrations, Uc., will cost by no means as
much as w as by some anticipated, and it is respectfully
submitted to the consideration of Congress, whether
the expense of the w ork will bear any comparison
to the benefits which would result to the country
by its publication, whether regarded as a contribution
to the cause of science, or an auxiliary to the Government,
in the proper disposition of that vast mineral
region, w hich has heretofore been the least pro
ductive portion of the national domain. I therefore
earnestly recommend the re-printing of the report, as
corrected, with the maps, illustrations, tic., under the
direction of this office, and that 500 extra copies be
furnished for the use of this Department.
The'resolution referred to required the submission
ol a plan for the disposal of the pubh mineral lands,
which has not yet been done. The fact of all restrictions
in regard to tbat description of lands in one
Stale having been removed, will, it is apprehended,
.present no small, if not an iusuperable obstacle to the
adoption of any hew plan of universal application for
the disposal of this property.
Inasmuch as no restriction of law is imposed, to
the disposal, as in the case of ordinary lands, of the
vast undies of land on which eopprr, zinr, and iron
ores exist, amidst the extensive regions wherein the
lead abounds, (and recent newspaper accounts allude
to the existence of newly discovered mines of (in, to
great extent in Iowa, to the sales of which no legal
impediment exists,) it is not perceived why, where
lead is found so extensively to uliouiid, an exclusive
restriction should lie made to operate on that kind of
mineral ; and it is respectfully submitted to your consideration,
and that of the National legislature,
whether it is not the proper pidicy of this Government
to throw all the. mineral lands into market, in a
mode similar to that prescribed by the law of I*:**
lor those, in .WtMouri, probably at an increased minimum,
thereby inviting the attention, and exciting
the competition of capitalists generally, throughout
the 1 nited States.
To this course as the sound public policy, attention
is earnestly invited in view ol the following
first. Thai the Government has actually realized
little or nothing, in all its ellorts undei tile restlictive
policy in regard to these It litis.
Second. That it is itupossilde, without actual and
frequently very tedious and expensive experiments,
to ascertain to what extent the veins of lead exist,
and that valuable urines have been found in lands
after they have been sold, when their existence had
not been suspected prior to the actual experiments
prosecuted by the aid of labor and capital.
'J'/iird. '1 lie throwing these lands into market, (with
the information in regard to their character ami value,now
in the power ol the Government to furnish,)
will, in all probabil.ty, invite a wholesome compctition
among purchasers at their sale. It will at any
rate secure the investment of individual capital and
enterprise in the great object o! developing und rendering
productive a portion of the public domain, hi
therlo valueless to the Government ; thereby adding
greatly to the aggregate wealth 4nd resources of the
In the event of the favorable consideration bv Congress
of the foregoing suggestion ot policy for the determination
of the vexed questions, which, for so
many years, have attended the subject of the mineral
lands of the United States, solar as had ore is concerned,
I cannot fail to invite spcnal attention to the
interests of that hardy and enterprising class of our
fellow citizens, the -itinera in Iowa and Wisconsin,
or i Nowhere, whose enterprise, pe'sevr ranee, and capital,
have, to so great an extent, developed this important
item of national resource.
This class ot cnizenn, n is understood, have enteral
upon the ci.tefpisse ol.inining, not in the character
of unauthorized settlers, hut under jieimits Iroin the
General Government, and have opcratid unlimited
portions of the public domain, ilot exceeding two
hundred yaids square. Uenee many of them, in
certain locations, are, it is believed, occupying together
the entile surface of u t/uarter section of land,
and, in the enactment of any general provisions in
relation to the lead lands, it is with great deference
submitted, whether t he provisions if such legislation
ought not, in equity, to have special reference to the
interests of the individuals, found thus lawfully engaged
in such mining operations.
Whatever uiay he thejdcciston of Congress in rc|
gard to the disposition of these lands, as connected
With this subject, I feel impelled further In suggest
the importance of providing lor the appointment of a
National Geologist, whose duty it shall be, under the
direction of Congress and the Executive, to make
! such examinations of the public domain in the Northwis',
and elsew, ere, in connection with the public
surveys, as may be denned necessary ; and to tumish
| to this Department all such detailed information as is
best calculated to aid the Government in Us management
and sale. When it is considered that the services
of a competent agent can probably be secured at
a compensation, not exceeding the Government price [
'nf.m.nr It..-lion ..II,,7,1 .no.., .11.- ....lil !
| ihe advantnges, which would rc-ult lo tlie country |
from such M'lvirts, ore uIko taken inio the account,
it is ill cnicil hu|.ci lluotis to do iiioio than prevent the
subject to the considi ration of the Motional Legislutuie.
By an act of Congress, approved .T'th June, 1834,
there was granted to two hundred and thirty-five cxi/rs
from I'olamt, sent to the I'nited States under the order
' of the Kmperor of Austria, thirty-six sections of land,
to he selected by them, under the. direction of the (
Secretary of the Treasury, in any three Adjacent
townships of the public lands, which bad been or
might thereafter be surveyed, situated within the bin-i
its of the State of Illinois, or the then Territory of .Michigan.
Thi-.law has never been executed, and w itli j
1 the lapse of each year its execution has been found
j more and more impracticable. The principal ditliculty
seems to have grown out of the fact, that the j
amount of land granted to each individual does not
conform to the amount included 111 any legal stthdi- '
| vision established by our public surveys. 1 here have
1 been other difficulties, however, in the location of
these lands, such as conflicts w ith the claims of other
settlers, Ac.; difficulties greatly aggravated by the
fact that they (the Poles) are generally ignorant of
our language, and it is almost impossible to make
tliem comprehend the true nature of these obstacles.
Many of them are now dead ; some have obtained
temporary employment; others have left the country ;
ami most of them are poor. I deem il my duty to ask
the attention of Congress to the subject, and if it is
the design of the (loveriiineiit to carry out its first
benevolent intentions towards the remnant of this exiled
rare, 1 respectfully suggest that il could be best
accomplished by authorizing the issuing of scrip to
each individual entitled by the original grant, with
the right to locate it upon any of the public lands
: subject to private entry, v.ith such restrictive proI
visiolis in lrgard to the transfer of the scrip, and the I
sale of the land, as are deemed proper. This course,!
it is believed, w ill be the best tor the (iovcriimriit, j
j and the best for thb exile. If will, by settling them I
i among our own people, encourage thein to acquire a |
I knowledge ot our language, tiatms and institutions, I
. anil destroy that spirit of nationality, which would I
I result from a sort of colonial state; a'spirit which has
already invited resistance from the people in the
! neighborhood where they attempted to form their
An elaborate compilation has nearly been ooml
pit ted at this office, of all the official doeiimi lit-,
maps, Ae., relating to the lainls on which live oak,
adapteil for naval uses, is found to abound m the
States of Louisiana, Alabama, and Territ'ry of Flo-1
rida,and out of which selections have, troni time to
time, been directed by the Executive to be made of
various bodies of land to be reserved front sale for
naval purposes. T his compilation, designed for the j
1 use of the .Navy Department, will, it is hoped, be of
much practical usefulness in all alter tune, 111 reference
to the subject of such live oak reservations.
In pursuance of the net of Congress of tile 2d Julv,
lh3ti, lor laying oil the towns ol Fort Alaihsoti, Itur |
lington, <Nc , and tne act to amend tile same, approved J
on the 3.1 March, IK17, three commissioners were ap I
pointed !>v t e President to lay off the tow ns in ijues I
tern, to classify the lot , and lo examoie and aoj idi i
rate the pre-r,option claims therein It is not mv
present put pose to enter into a d? tailed statement 01/
1 lie difficulties and cmburrnssinriits 1 X pencilled in !
nrryiog into rffiet these acts, occasioned by tin
e rurse pur in d by llie Commissioners, and w lot li has
; In en the sul jrcl of complaint in the proceeding* nl
! varum low 11 1111 clings transm'tiil to this office, and j
in uodrv memorial' laini I lie oil /a lis and the coiistl1
u'eil autliorilti s nl several of the towns, ap|calingj
jtotlieifeparimentf.tr protection and r. lie . Itutn
s deemed proper to slate, that the eominlsaionera repotted,111
October last, thai liny tout 111 the month ol
June' preci ding, completed the adjudications of claims
in Brilevicw and Peru, nod lioislied all the business
entrusted to till ir care; that instructions bearing dale
the21.1 Februaiy,IMO,wcrecouiiiiunie? ed to the land
officers in whose dialr'cts the several towns are situsle|i,
to enable theiu ul an early period to offer the town
lol* f?r sale, as directed hy law ; fince which, It spin
ars the lots in several ot' the towns, not claimed by
pie-.')11>11-1n, and a large portion of those which had
been claimed, hut. were relinquished in ordi r to he included
in the public sale, were offend lor sale, and the
returns tlierrol' having been made to this office, await
lis luiibf r action ; mi l that in September last instiuclions
were transmit led to the Uci>i*ttTB and Receivers
at Mineral Point, l)u Buque, and Huilingtoit, accompanied
by the accounts ot the commissioners with copies
of llio correspondence relating thereto, and to
certain alleged over charges, so as to citable litem as
directed, to scrutinize each item of the accounts, liefore
(laying them ; also ttquiring them to pay over to
1 the trustees of the respective towns the proceeds ol
i sales of town-lots, as directed by the third section ol
| the act of .'id March, 1N37, slier deducting and relain1
tng in their hands, a sufficient amount to cover the
| whole expenses incurred.
i v'hcixia military reservation between the
j little miami and sci ota rivers, in [the
htate oe ohio.
By an act of Congress passed on 2d March, lnU7,
i.iic nciniun ui ujc l reiiMjrjr was uuuiuu/.m iu uutain
copies ol all the records of locations and surveys
which nave been or may be made within the limits ol
the above named district of country. Such transcripts
are essential in the management by this otlicc
of the business connected with the V irginia Military
lands, in a manner satisfactory to the public, and
much inconvenience continually results to parties interested,
by reason of the Department not having
procured, under the provisions of the aforesaid act,
copies of such locations and surveys to a period later
than the year 1S13.
It is estimated that the cost of procuring such additional
transcripts will be about three thousand dollars,
for which it is desirable tbat the necessary appropriation
should be placed at the disposal ol the
The fact that the originals arc necessary there (ill
Ohio) renders it impossible to remove the in here to
be copied.
It is important to advert to tbe fact* (which, with
a very limited experience, 1 feel satisfied will be appreciated
by those longer acquainted with the peculiar
nature of the duties devolving on this ofliee,) that
the amount of the sales of lands, and the number of
patents periodically prepared, furnish no adequate
and just criterion by which to estimate the extent and
importance of the complicated labors performed by
this department.
The multifarious requisitions on the various branches
of correspondence, momentarily demanding the
exercise ol patient hue guliori; the solution ol intricate
judicial questions of continual n eurrence, especially
iu reference to priv land claims, demanding
diligent unci extensive research .lie principles
laid down by the courts of tin: country, and the common
law iu analogous cases, uud which as the grounds
of ministerial action, arc of course preliminary to
the mere mechanical operation'of issuing the patents,
are found to be rather on the increase than otherwise.
M he incessant riquisitions from all ecuurmof the
.country, which greatly swell the ni.scclluneous corres{lulllleliee
l.t* lllc ntlirc haw rplrrpncp In v..rv i
extent, to past action, and hence, from their very nature,
must bear proportion to the aggregate of the
past operations, and may therefore be expected to increase
Although not desirous of amplifying these remarks
try any exhibiltonof the details of duties performed, 1
would nevertheless beg leave to assure jwu mat the
labors connected with sthe Bureaux of " Public
Lands," "Surveys," and "Jt'rivaie Land Claims," have
probably never been more onerous than during the
year about to terminate; and the same observation
vvi I, with equal truth, apply to the Cursespondcnce
connected with the execution of'the pre-emption lavs;
nor has any diminution been discovered in the requt
silions relating to the subject ot revolutionary at my
lands. The number of patents signed by the ptesem
Recorder o this office, since March last, is above six
ty thousand.
The attention of the office has recently been directed
toa proper arrangement ot itic iuqioitaiit files ot papers
connected with land titles, and the providing of
nook cases of suitable construction for the more convenient
disposition and protection of its numerous records;
arrangements which nieesteemed ofthe greatest
necessity tor the preservation of the entire archives in
relal on to public lands, which have accumulated
i-incc the commencement of the system. These procm
dings arc yet in progress, and will, it is hoped, be
consummated duiing the en uing spring.
1 lake leave, in conclusion, to say I hut the subject
of the reduction of the clerical force of the office, and
a consequent retrenchment of its expenses has for
some lime past enguged attention.
My short cXpeitence in regard to the very multifarious
subjects and extended d tails of the dunes required
ot this institution, causes me to speak with diffidence
as yi t respecting the lime vvtien the Work ot
reduction can, with a strict regard to the public tnle
ma, iw cmtrru uj,un.
Many works of much magnitude, and which possibly
to home may appeurof (Joublfui necessity, remain
vet to be |?"rformed, which, if engaged in, would considerably
postpone the period for commencing any considt
ruble reduction. Respecting these subjects of labor,
it would be very desirable to receive your advice
before I should be willing, on my own determination,
to engage in them as mutters of indispensable necessity
With much consideration, I am, sir, your obedient
E. \1. HUNTINGTON, Commissioner. J
Hon. Wai.ykr Fokvvarii,
Secretary oj the 'J'reasury.
JAS. rilALEN Ac. Manager's Office,
Comer of 6th street and I'enn. aveni e,
Class 231.
30 58 34 32 51 12 3 29 31 05 77 20 4S
tr y Not bad for Christmas. 3 2!) 31, $2,500, was i
soft in a whole ticket ; also, one of $500?2 of $100.
yj* 17 33 7t>?the capital prize of $20,(100 was sold
in a quarter ticket, in Thursday's Pokoinoke Lottery,
to a gentleman from Virginia.
Class 100.
sctit:.\i i::
1 prize of $7,000
I do 2 500
1 do I 800
I do 1,311
1 do 1,000
5 do 000
10 do 3d0
50 do . 100
\c. &c.
1 lckets ?jj ? Halves ?1 ? Ciuartera nO cents.
Certificate* <>l packages of 25 whole ticket*, CO
Do. do. 25 halt' do. It <>l)
Do. do. 25 quarter do. 7 (Hi
1 | ri/.c of S15 000
2 do 2 ;><\)
2 do ! .550
:t do l ,c.?o
y ;0
5 do 700
ti do (.00
10 do 500
159 do 100
&c. &c.
Ticket* &5?Miilves ?2 50? Quarters SI 25.
Certificate* of Package, whole* JtlO, lialvea and quarters
name proportion.
Tickets, shares, or pai kages, for s.de at the Manager's
Office, between Browns and (indshy'? Hotel .
dec 29
UT A S III N (i 1 t N P A PER S ? Tra veller- n;.l
others are n speetfully informed that the Madison
an, Intelligencer, (ilohe, and other city papers;
also, the Alexandria Index, besides lire Baltimore,
Philadelphia, and Netv Yoik papers, mav he h id d r v
and tvei kly by the number at HAMPTON S Nea spaper
and Periodical Agency, on Pennsylvania a?e
nue, between a I and 4 I 2 street*, east ol the Anerican
I loir I. Passengers in tin r ais will find time to
step i nl n I he office, which is nil mediately on their w ay.
j TAs a matter of roll se, (.index s Ladies Book lor
January, 1 ey 12, ha* been rneived lost in lime lor
Christmas, and filled with beautiful engravings, 1 a
ahions, Music, &c , being the hatidsomi at nuin erexer
puhlished. For ?aie hy the year or number as abote
| dec 27?3i
I roil THE
The Post Olfice Department 111 mini, , ft
netted in it* ope alions, with the bn-n I
feeling* of almost every until, woman, and , ft
the tounliy, thai it would he aim >4 ft
day should pass withutit complaint Ir . 1 .
grounds real or imaginary, us it wnulu In- n , ft
weie made for the same time in a .Vu/nn,,,/ /, ft
of births und death*. Where fifty thnu?jini ft
of different grades, are employed in the mat I
of a concern, extending over thirty States i,,i ; . I
toriea, not one hundred of whom can ct, r i.. ,, I
the personal direction of the Chief Enginn r 1. , I
and derangement mm/ olten occur' II , ft
tinea it happen within the four walls of a :n..i I
ry, or even in a printing olfice. ft
Par from wishing to discourage aniinnlv, >,,,, ft
on his at rangrinents, or remonstrance, wh. . I
to respect such as is well founded, the l'.i-t , 1,1,..^ I
neral will, doubtless, be always reany to r , u, ft
' gestion* of, as to all practicable iinprove iti hti, ft
anyquaiter; but even well founded complain'- u ft
lose something in their ju?t force, when I
and confounded with such as are obviously' pi , ft
lure or erroneous, such as found their '.v ay in > ft
paper of this morning, under the sigoatun | ft
the distribution of the great Noilhern mad : I ft
delphia. The facts, to the contrary of 11: ft
alleges, have been so recently and ibs'ine ly p ,, .ft
gated in the Postmaster General's K -port, m ; ft
companying documents, ihut it is matter 01 ft
that they should have escaped Ins attention. ft
Let us examine his positions?and tiro, f,. , ft
1 'Fht question wilt now arise, can the del ? j ft
ated by the use of the means at Hie disposal>7 ft
nlnmt/r liVnmill 'T'.i itna ~ .
- " t ?? "??! I?
t/uivocally in the affirmative." Certainly, u'ho .<
it paid to law or/art. Bui if respect be had (it n
then tlio answer is vrurjuirocjlly in then ./ .
Whatsays the Pu-tm ister General s oHicial r. p
Speaking of the embarrassments mining in in
contracts for Iho transportation of lltu mail, om
erpressly says in, "that the price which the I
merit in enabled to pav, whether in rejera
meant, or the maximum Jix<d by the Iri'i^.t!
Congress, has been deemed inadequate by many
| the pnncij ul companies, ' utid again lie says
"The mail > ing South from New Yo-k i? m .
arily liiruwn upm ttie Phiadilp'ia tind B. i a,-ruiiroad
ill the night, between Pn lad Iphil a .1 b
tiuiore; and the ."Soullie.n m ill for New 1 my i,
compelled to lie over twelve hours in Baltm,. i _ ,
less the Philadelphia company can he i.iiltu*. d t rui.
itiut trip also in the night. This they luv d. dr..,:
doing, unless (he Department would pay the n
pronation greater than is authorized tiy t .
Congress. Under a hope that Borne un.ni.'
could he made?to lust during the scssjon .. i
grens, if no longer ? 1 addressed to the ] re-i I.
the tailroud companies concerned in t e tram
lion ol ttie mail between the city f W.ndun t >
New York a letter, a copy of winch, ami the r>;
the First Assistant Postmaster General upon ; <
subject, are herewith submitted, (marked I
Now take an extract from tins letter ill
to the Pieside.iis of the railroad companies ,s t
' In this matter, it appears that the Ilepirim.-ni 'I
lias gone as lar as tile law will allow. I is ur I j
law makers, then, to provide yiu the redress win . jjj
you usk tor the additional ditlicuitus, n l xp< i. j)
incident to night running. Hut, in the in in ti ,j
is it right or politic that the whole m.tii n -n o - M
denied the udvantugeswUicti u perilet urranei . ' ' I
hi Jour power to make would give ! i,ti
ijuur aajuiesicncc; ami irhcii Congress inmil
to Unit branch of Uu Government the y m . .
remuneration," ' i
What more 1ms been done to effect the aim
iiienl in ijuestionl The expeiicnced and active hi
assistant I'ostuiaslcr General, liuving charge of. i.
Coniract Bureau, was"direced to have pers iial i
tervievvs with the Presidents ol the Baltimore a i !
Washington, and the Baltimore and Philadelphia
Rail Roads on this subject, and what was the irp.ul
It concludes ti us:
"The final result which it becomes my duly to inport
is, that the accomplishment of this most ol.vi
and beneficial improvement on (lie elm I mail In > .
the United Stales cannot, under the present >.i
sition of the parties, bo effected at tins time aVi>
remains to be decided whether it s .all be nlad i n
subject of furllier efforts by tile L>cpir men , or referred
to the action of Congress. '
And has not the Postmaster General ilm < i- 'b
Has lie not referred the difficulty toCongi- s.
has lie not invited a convention of the I'n a!Railroads
to meet at Washington on the 1-t :
January r
I understandsays P.. "there will lie no itnp>
ment thrown in the way by the company." >
verily,no impediment?crcc/it the imall sum it ri. 1
in addition to the <s.'i(l,00() already paid! ".M> t Jiinu <' nsitlerttlion
< t e.iptnsi," says I'., again, f sin,old 11? ..
low ed to interfere w ith the just demands ol the publie."
Certainly not?if you have plenty ?.f tie - cy to
satisfy every demand, and if the American "pub
consists of the people whose residence and coriesp. i - |
deuce is on this line of road! But docs not the sin., h
est additional outlay cease to be "trilling" w her. a
man tins not means to meet existing cngageinei.; - I: i
il,? .-I.... I I.I I i.
| ???' ("JHI.U1. UllUMII
withdraw mail facilities from the frontier li:i?-- altogether,
and-'to lessen them throughout the country
where the people have now to put up with mails <.m
a week, travelling at 5 miles an hour - why tie
truly, might he pay fifty or even an hundred Ileitis
dollars a year to satisfy those who, like I' . think it t
great hardship forsooth that their letters ?hhuV
brought, for a lew mouths in the year, more ll antu
bundled miles in twenty-foil'- hours'
Talk of jusliri Is it "ii|st" tiiat the enrrespn,deuee
of the whole interior ( t the eountry s|e u.d I
severely taxed w ith heavy postage, and otherw ise n
Stricted both ill respect <.f ficijuelicy aid sjcmI.
satisfy the ever increasing impatience of these
" the great line," who eautiot be eouteii.t to h.m ...
letters travel e ven for lour ln< lltl.s, ilai , . I ( f <
so a low as about t< n miles an hour, f? r tvto I !
I and forty miles!?that being about the ram I.
it New York and Washington from Decern 1 i
If this is so great a hardship on one Iwrntu
population, w hat in'u?t he the suflcring* <>i 'I
| teen twentieths for whom the mail doe- not
inn ir.ivt'i more man six ui!u s nil iiour, ami |. i
portion of tlicni only three timi?rtwict Vi
\vi i k ? and that, too. In cause i f tin- fretpn m v
it)' ami l.igh price paid ti remittali< u < i. da
favored liiu
\!t? v all, i ;). . r no danger of :rml-i
partincnl, by this in*atiuiiic er\ f< r 'pt.nl ' [>> r
to sacrifice, for its sake, ll.r juiuu n, . . ...
I>unctvalilij.' Siturih,~jiiiiirtiin/ifij?</r<j,nl(h -i
the order and the law ol the I>? j artnn i t. tak
ill its very propei and obvious anvicM ai
enormous expenditures, to satisfy the I a . I I ta < - I I
merchant*, and the n odily x(.n?cl iinj .iti ..
the daily press, not to iiiflu t puv.itjoi.s and hiji sti
Oil till mass of the people, V llo, ll tla \ ' have
disposition^ have not cqird !aeiliti< to romp!
taking rare, too, when vi i it lie possible .to ki
with the puhlie travel, md that f<*.r tla no
own resources. since it is the only di | u inn i t i
is required to do luurh 'cri-/, I ?. t ,n,',
> hi If.
Dee. ST, 1*41.
,\tr. ? We think M.'s i mark* in vniihe.iti
Department are entirelv corn . t I! t v.i
that he attaches more imperial 1 c to I' \ 1 m..
tion than the Post Mastci General dm 1 . 1
General's able Iteport placed the puhlie t ,
session of the difficulties and duties of lu> , .

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