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D. H: LEWIS,
PEARL HARBOR. V"
The History of its Acqui-
Its location, appear
v ANCE AND OTHER
k.An'vUuorthodovVievv by a
,TIIE LANDS AND THEIR TIIXE8.
it is lib iintisuul thing to find a
laVid sohomo, behind propositions
ior ino uuiiuioinutt "j " "v.
ernmont of any, given piooo of I
nninnrtv for Public USD. jjk
navy yards Have boon established;
. fow outpost: ofiicos
r'oreotod fow forts or ,arsonal.
...built without the colored
.- man iu,tho woqdpile being unmasked;
and suoh gontleman of
color very generally stands forth
as tho advocate of a land owner
or syndicate. And so ' it is in
Poarl Harbor, at tho proBont
timo. There in a most patriotic
doairo on tho part of divers
citizens of , Araorjca, who
bavo long sinco forsworn thoir
natural allegiance for the bonofits
of official salary in Hawaii, to
oonfor upon their much beloved
Uncle Samuel certain lands in
and nbont tuolrtgom, in exchange
for thoir aforoBaidUnoVs surplus
gold coin. Of oourjo, nothing
could bormoro disinlereated than
j tho ofT.irts , of ..thoso patriotic
.gsntlomtn to malco tho doalred
oxohanc . Such is' always, tho
case, .They itro burning with ardor
to see the flag of their native
land floating over tho placid
wators of tho lagoon, and aro not
only willing, but dotorrainod to'
proinoto that moat worthy object
for a genorourt oousidomti6n4
.But before discussing individual
CaBQBand 'lundai'n briof glancojit
tho'tit'oa is dosirablo, whoso hist
tory is brief, and
Prior to 1843, tho foudal idea
that all land is ownocl by tho
all bo'oupants1 hold
undor hjm and pratioally at his
wilt, VoVaiJed in. it's flill vigor jii
HlivyaillV But 'this ' yanoo of
ofviiization among tho
bouplod with. ,thb inRtorialj
int'oWats: "of tho forftignbruv then
cohata'ntly inoroasirig i'4' numbord
in tho 'Jfllands, dpveloped tho,
neoesaity of a inoro liberal
of land tenuro Henoe in
tjio yoar montonod, tho reignins
Kin'ff. Kumehimohii iHfir by
yirtueof thetoyat grace whloU.
found oxprossion in tho act of the
vory primitively endowed
oxiating under the
then recently granted by
tho Kinft, m'ado tho GreaVMnholo
or Land Division to which all
titles rofor and which was tho
goiioSisdf th,om'all; '
Tho nrcvailinc ida involved in
Jim .Groat Mafiolb Vras to mako a.
division' of tho wholo territory
into ,throo substantially equal
parts, of which tho
should continuo to own ono,
tho G.vvornmont ono and the
pooplo the third. It wits fortii;
unto for tho Hawaiian nice that
Knmobnmoha was sufliciontly ignorant
and unonlightenod not to
hnvo learned what, tho domiuaut
part in Hawaii today assort and
act up and act upon in
tlioir intorcourso with . tho
community respecting tho do
finilion of tlmt
phrase, "tho pooplrt."
wna sufficiently antiquo in
his idois to eitpposo, tlint "tlie
pooplo" meant uifd embraced the
frwholo body Of his subjo&ta, with
out regard to raoo, creed, color or
prdvious party affiliation, to
'quote from tho modorn manifestos
of American polit'cians.
lint bucb bade numbor notions
find no j)Iaco in tho Government
of to-day ip Hawaii, whoso
wlion looking' for a definition
of the phrase quotod find it
.impossible to see beyond tho
little, cliquo of tflions who, by
tho graco of Minister Stevous,
wore placed in tho political
on January 17, 1804, and
have sinoo intrenched thomsolvos
in " tlieir position;" .while' 'the
pooplo," as olsriwhero understood,
and ob formerly
undorotood in Hawaii,
oontentod themselves to await
tho answor of tho United States
to the protest against tho SteY(ons
As usual in tho caao of a
K, to tho people.
Kamouamona cua not nogioct ms
own interest in this DiVisiou. Ho
tho King, and the solo
Judge of' lands W would "
to himself, as woll as to tliQ
others in in tores t, and in that
dual capaoity, it would. bo strange
indeed if his intorosts had
Tho King selected a loi
of lands, by thoir muuos, scatter
od over tho entire group of
Islands, and tho Government's"
portion waB similarly asa'gned.
Thon thero Was croatcd a land
Commission, for tho settlomont
of thef claim of private individuals,
whoworo awardod fbr simplotitlos
to suoh lands as thoy qould prove
they had. provwualy occupied by
tho ltoyal assent or acquiosconco,
aud oxompt from fedual aorvicos
or rental paid to nny surbordinata
ohiof . Many thousands of claims
woro thus upon, .in a
mannor satisfactory to tho
and oharoctorizod by a liberality
of construction and
favor of tho bcp'up;ant ua opposed
to'' tli'6 interbt b'f tho ohiof,
quite at vnriapdo' will' .'thp spirit
of feudalism. Tho awardoea of
those claims woro afterward
granted ltoyal Patents of their
'limd",' upoh tho paytriont'of almost
nominal sumB by way of commutation
to tlio Goybniraorit, but tlio
thoorV ojf 'suoh 'c)iAniitatio'nf ' (iaj
natquito' clear, B(Joing thq
Govornmont had no valid claim
to , the, landsd awArdedv. j ,
Tho small holdings thus awnded
wero' diirtqd kuloabas, and tho
f'AWl 'irnlHivn,!' 1i'nS' 'nmrirf GOU10
'liijto'UBo indi'fHsron'tljf to doscrJb'6
pot only oe.'B n'glit o a piooo jt
land, but tho lanuitfi61f,.
" OPoouWth'd vftstf'mujorUyi pf
tho lands, in ildint'of "arba, thuk
- ' I 'Vull I'-.' I !!
obbhlod hv.tho hch ohiefa, to
Bomo of whom vust oxtonts wpro
lyga, by Virtuo of their former
I'eietoiao ,6f dpminlon ove? tho
tonnnls thorcof. ' Tho unit oj
land description is tho ahapuaa,a
trapt invariabjy running, from, tho
sea to tho crest of tho mountains,
beyond" wliiah othor ahupuaas
extend to tho opposito shore
Thoro is history written in this
name, which is combined of tho
two ojomonts "ahu," a collection,.
and 'puna," ' swino: it having
boon customary in very nnaiont
timos for (lib chief holding . an
ithupuaa' (those largor divisions
wero al hold by tho qhiofs,) to
rdnder an annual tai or rental, to
the King, of ono swjnb, for each
uhupuan under his dominion. Tlio
nroa of those ahupuaas differ
widely, and while somo inoludo
only a fow hnndrod. ohprs1 embrace
many thousands pf ri.crog.
Tlnis tlio nh'upuaa bf Ifonouliuli,
lying botwepn tho Poarl Harbor
Lochs' and tho'crost of tho
moutains'; contain ovor COQOO
Within tho dlffuront nhupuati
nro ninny kuloanas, originally
allotted to tho peasantry. Next
smallor than tho ahupuaa, is' tho
f'il.i" of which many. are contained
jn tio former division, and . still
Bmaller is tho "nino," which xnay
bo moro than a, house, lot or a taro
patch. Each land,, undor
of th'.po divisions, has. its
soparatq name, howeyor small . in
area, showing a prodigious
of tho. bump of locality
in tho aboriginal Hawaiian.
Tho lands', surrounding Pearl
.Harbor- aro comprised within
comparatively fow grants. Tho
ahupuaas aro for tho moat part' of
great oxteut, owing ohiofly to tho
fact that tho most powerful and
influential chiofg wore thoro located
in tho. early days. Along
tho north and west shores of tht)
lagoon; howevor, aro a groat
of small kuloanas, indicative
of tho higly concentrated population
of that locality in timos past,--a
foaturq which is still a marked
characteristic of tho vicinity, as
comparod .with othor districts;
; s ' f :
"The groat land of Honouliuli,
(vhioh inoludes that of Fuuloa,
lying to tho westward of tha Harbor
awarded to a
high Chiofo33 nnmod
wifo of the.powerful and popular
Koaliiahonui, who diod in the
oarly fifties., It has oomti dowh
by fow conveyances to tho ownership
of Mr Jamea Oampboll, probably
tho' moat wealthy rosidont
of Hawaii today; and within its
bordors is located, tho famoua and
rocontly ostablishod Ewa Plantation,
whoro tho world's record in
sugar oulttiro was laatyear brpkon,
liy thoir harvesting within n fraction
of ten tons por aero, from an
nroa of 125 aorea. From this
ownership ip,oxcqptod tho Pquloa'
lands, roferrcd to', ' which aro1 tho
Propprty'of,Mr Jamea I. Dowsett,
ono o tho first children born of
whito parents 911 tho Islands,
now an oxtonsivo and supcesaful
rancher. Theao landa nro dovotod
to ranching, whilq noar tho
to thoHarbor, salt worka
of considerable capaoity .nro profitably
Qondnotod by Mr, Dowsett,
Ndxt adjoining Hqnouliuh is ' tho
ahupuaa of Honoab, comparatively
small in area, and then comos tho
oxtonsivo'and valuablo Waipio, itv
whoso bordors is orabrocod tho
poninsula first heroin roforrod to,
which runs to tho vory dntranooj
of tho lagoon, and separates West
Loch from tho ofhor portions of
Waipip was tho proporty of a
vory inilnontinl Hawaii, (tho' not
a chief,) pomod John Ii, who
braced tho faith, and aqnio of ,tl)Q,
thrifty praoticos of tli'o
loaVnod to road and writo,
rapd was ;tnado u Justioo of tho
Bpuromo. Court, a position 'to'
jWhich it has nover beou doemod
nooossar, in Hawaii, tp appoint
radii 16arned in tlio law. Mr Ii
died, and loft a daughtor. Sho
was solo hoir to the Ji otatp
.:.... .....' .: . :
X. . .MMi;4MW ,'!!,
' ' H"ti. ' '":':
- i '
. -Th el In cieneri den t
i" ' Tft ;' 1
Jjjn (, ': , ...
;.' ,, , , - , ' "' , , ., ' '' immmm
i'.- "' a ,"-'',', ' ' '," "! ' -:"" .' ' i .,,.;..,".' - "?"" '''J--
No. lO, -) , ''."., Honolulu, H. I., , Saturday,. May 11, 1895. 5 crts.
"4 - 1
. . .-
j3ho married Mr. 0. A.
Brown, who with tho pat
riotic instinct'of a truo American,
plaqos thos'o acrca at tho disposal
of his homo Govornmont, with an
alacrity that almost vqrgcp upon
anxioty to ' dqvolvo thoir owner-
t f I TT.I. fl 1
Bliip, upon , his Undo Sainuol.
Th6ro comes to him with peculiar
forco nnd meaning, as ho stands
at timos upon thoolifla of Wijipiok
thq Hontimont of Scott's stirring
"Ilrcstbci there a man .with tout so dead
As never to himself hath said,
This Is ray owif, my Nat'e (wlfu's) laud."
Tho major section ct tho land
sohomo underlying tho Pearl
Harbor .Naval relation craze is
richt hero at Wninio. ftnd at
Fpjd'a Island", now owned by this
Bamo patriotic Mr. lirbwn. Tins
coritleman weiit all tno way to
Colorado .Boiiio ycara asi '"
order to by up' .the titio to Ford's
Island, frbm a son of tho briginnl
Dr. Ford for whom it is so
namod. Ho sficurod the deod he
wont for, but was soon tiompellcd,
(or persuaded) to convoy tho
Island to' hid' wifo, n niorlage
upon whoso o'tlior hands furniahqd
tho funds for thd purchase.
That ho had tho contingency 6f
qelling tljo Island U tho U.-S.
Govornraen in 'mind sufBciontly
appears from ''the' fact of his
having givon 'hjs vendor a
sopanito agrom6nt to pay .him a
further suiri of Fbnr toon Thousand
Dollars, in pasoho, Brown, should
.sell tho Island! to tho United
S.tates, ortany othor Govornmont,
As )io id now, sdpposqd to hayq
beon in "Washington , engaged in
tho endoavor to soil to Uncle
Sam, and as Ford thinks ho will
come out nt tho small end of any
doal which Brown may -conduct,
and as tho ngroemont for moro
inouoy to bo paid Ford up yon tho
condition aboyo mentioned was
so drawn as to mako it
under Hawaiian law, (as a
mpans of notifying all.tho woild
of Ford's oquitiea, ) Ford is now
stated to bo about to begin suit
to dqclarb his position -and
interest in tho Island.
Tho fact taht Mr Brown has most
porsistontly doyotod biinsolf to
tho entertainment of Admirals
Jrwin, "Walkor and Bortrdsice
during years" and that his
swell dinners to tho officers' mentioned
nro famous lends color to
tho' belibf that thero may bo somo
uhdoratandjng betwqen him and
thorn iii tho promisos. ' '
The vicinity of tho Harbor is
not doatituto of'other little land
projopts whoso adveeatbs look
through' a vista having. tho U. S.
Toasury at tho othor ond of it.' I
Thoro la a variegrttod boom right
on tho Pparl City Peninsula, so
called for tho reason that 110
"city'' ia apparont in tho locality.
That imaginary city wn3 laid out
by thoOahu Railway &
a corporation running n littfo
railroad from Honolulu to Ewa
Plantation, n distanco of about 15
raileS, most of whioh Blurts' the
lagoon. Tho original "city was
platted on tho uplands, funning
from tho shore of tho Harbor' to
tho mountains, sovoral hitlos away.
It was' interBoctod with"' avonuos
boaring narapa that sootho, and
stroots boaring nuraos that jingle,
and a pro.wd, dffsiickora woro ono
day corralled in an' auction room)
hypnotizod by tho nuctionoorV
nii'dtlio wore sold bfl'in:a
trico at figures that would create
a boom in Ponyqr. Tllia wob
Apvdral years. ogd. Tho lota aro
still thoro, and" aa vacant aa byor,
01 tlio most part. Th'o projqotor
of that sohomo, in showing his
imaginary "pijty" to an
oht visitor oilo day, roraark'od
that' tho ono npodful to mako
Poarl City groat and WospoUouS,
was a'P)ontiitd,of Alitor',
with good sooioty; to
which tnq visitor' replied that
Hados neododevon less, as itihna
tho good society.
Having worked tho uplands for
all thoy woro worth, tho nrdout
projoctcr moyod his papor ''city '
down upph the Peal City Ponin-
I Biiln, an"3 laid out more lots, and
.'li -...1 -....... it.M would
narks, aud avenuoB
gVndo a railroad conter iit Qhio.
.After much oflbrt ho succooded in
giving somo ofthoao nwoytocortain
speculators, and swappod, a fow
mofo ,foro, diflbront kinds- of old
junk. The ono investor, has built
sovoral cosy cottages, for which,
thoro aro no tenants, nnd n school
house,, for whioh thoro aro noithcr
teachor nor pupils, anda ohuroh
for whiohthoro are no Orshipors;
while somo other pwnprs, to a
total ofloss than a dozonhavol
built littlo damping-out cottages
which thej' Boraolimos occupy,
and so tlio Peninsula soclion of
poarl Oily '. stands. Of course
each lot owner as an axo to grind,
and wants ' to grind it at tho
United States Treasury'. Each'
thinks ho Boons', a fortune in his
fow square foot of Boil, in case of
tho establishment thoro of tho
much desirod naval station.
Though fow in numbors, thoy are
fittted with full lung powor, and
mako a good doal of noiso when
prating of tha ndvantuges, (to
Undo, Sam, of oourso,) of such an
establishment. ,' But such
philanthropic schemes aro all
aliko, in their main features' and
symptoms, and' tho Amoricqn
public,, having soon bo many need
littlo details of description as. to
this one. " ',
. From Poarl City eastward, and
around to tho ontranco to tho
Harbor, tho laud is variously
owned. Tho Railway Company,
tho Crown Land Commissioners,
tho great Bishop Estate, arid tho
oSlato of tho lato Quoon Emma,
(dovoled to' tho support of tho
Queen's Hospital in Honolulu,)
hold tho larger tracts; nnd,
strango to rolato,, thoro is no
symptom of a land boonij orpf
a sohemo to unload upon Unclo
Sam visibla in those localities.
(To be concluded.)
ALLEN & ROBINSON.
Ddulors in IJumbor nrul Cnnl
and Building Mntorjula of all
Qnoon Rtrpot, Honolulu.
Jas. F. ,Moi;gari.
No. 45 Queen Street.
Export Appraisement of Itonl
Estnlo and Furniture.
MANUFACTURING JEWELER cf
KUKOI JEWEMIY A SPECIALTY.
$3T Particular At'tenfloii 11.1UIJ0 all kind
Campbell lllock. Slcrchant Street
PJlumljer and Tin Roofer.
71 "King Street,
Honolulu, II. I.
as. EkqAJI 8 Wmi&w
. biiico"1! ;
Corner . Borotnnia it Fort Sts.
OlANfllC OK OlWQK, IIOUHS,': ,'
Tin. J. BKOPIE '
Daily 1 p.m. ; Sundays
IOA.M, to 11 a.m. . . ; N
bit, 1. V. MURRAY
, A.M. to 10 A.M,,"an(i 7
P.M. to B P.M.
. tnyO Ot
You Never Saw Our "AD" Before
Did Yon ?
This seems to be a Good -Location
hi thxsv Paper & Our Shoes are
Worth Advertising, r
Good Prices TOO !
Tke Big Fort Street
Manufacturers Shoe Co.
Robinson Block, Hold &t., between Fori and Nuuanu,
Have Just Bocoivcd, por Lato Arrivals, tho Largost Stock of FUJI
NITUEE Ever Importod to thia Country, Comprising
Hands pitle. CarvBd'" v" :
' ' '
-':' . ;. : BEdrn idni.. Sets
. In Soiia Oak, and.ofthc LATESl DESIGNS.
. ' ". SPEpIAL ATTENTION IS CALLED TO THESE SETS:
Beautiful Designs of 'Wioker Waro, oonsistinc of '
iSOFAg,. CHAIRS, BOOKERS, etc., you can got thqso in h" pny
FINISH you dosiro.
Countless numbors of CHAIRS, in ovory stylo, inoludinc OFFICE
nnd HIGH GHAIBS.
Wn havo liad a ntimbor of calls for thoso Tables, with CHAIRS to
, , mntoh. Wo havo now in stock ,tho most
BEAUTIFUL DINING ROOM FURNITURE
EVER SEEN HERE.
Sideboards -:- and -:- Chiffoniers
Divans covered with PORTIERS. aro becoming quite tlio rngp in
nlnco of mannfaotuiQ thorn to order, and Iiayo a
la.rgo stock of PORTIERS to select from.
Groat ABaojtmont of WOVEN WIRE Hair,
Moss, Wobl and Straw MattroSsos bn hand and mndo to order
LIVE GEESE F.EATHERS and SILK FLOSS for PilTows '
CRIBS, CRADLES, oto.
WINDOW SHADES of all colors and sizeP.
CORNICE POLES, in wood or brass trimmings.
Mattrossoa, , Lounges nnd .all Upholstorod Fiunituro' ropairod a
?A5ww&3T5SNGi V1 "".i'n'os, by Compolo.it Workmen.
"0r Doooi'rttinR "ndor .tho Snpqrviaion of
Our -Goods aro Firat Class, and our nrmnn nm rim lnnDf n.
nnd hn nrnviiir'ni1ii trial ih Rolinlfeil. .
Boll Cil5. TEiiEpnoNEa: