Newspaper Page Text
TUI DAILY WORKER Published by the DAILY WORKER PUBLISHING CO., 1640 N. Halsted St., Chicago, 111. (Phone: Lincoln 7680.) : l __ SUBSCRIPTION RATES By mall: $6.00 per year $3.60..6 months $2.00..3 months By mail (in Chicago only): SB.OO per year $4.50..6 months $2.50. .3 months By carrier: Address all mail and make out checks to THE DAILY WORKER 1640 N. Halsted Street Chicago, Illinois J. LOUIS ENGDAHL Editor WILLIAM F. DUNNE .Labor Editor MORITZ J. LOEB Business Manager Entered as second-class mail Sept. 21, 1923 at the Post-, Office at Chicago, 111., under the act of March 3, 1879. »m Advertising rates on application. Minneapolis Makes Good The workmanlike manner in which the ynili tant trade unionists of the Minneapolis labor movement dealt with the attempt of middle class politicians to postpone the Farmer-Labor convention scheduled for St. Paul, May 30, and thereby create confusion in the ranks of the workers and farmers will bring joy to the heart of everyone who sincerely desires to see a national class party of workers and farmers getting its first fighting experience in the arena of the 1924 campaign. The DAILY WORKER is out to build a solid ly organized, class-conscious and well-dis ciplined Farmer-Labor party; it knows that the task is too big for it alone, and for the Work ers Party of America whose official organ it js. It therefore welcomes such able assistance in the movement to which it is commmitted as was.rendered on last Monday evening by the militant trade union elements who, tho they may not see eye to eye with us on many things, are for the Communist policy of the united front against middle-class politicians, reac tionary labor union officials and the capitalist system. Our comrades in Minneapolis have reason to be proud of the efficient manner in which the offensive against the May 30 convention was halted. The result of the attempt to postpone the May 30 convention has been to strengthen the movement in the Twin Cities, to bring closer all elements sincerely committed to a national class party and to prove to the iLaFollettes, Shipsteads and Johnsons with considerable conclusiveness that leadership and skill' in practical maneuvering are not solely in the possession of middle-class senators fortunate enough to be elected by workers and farmers. We believe that the action of tljie Minneapo lis meeihrr wrtf g?q. mach to convince Williafn relieahoney, editor of the MinnesotaiLabor Advo y*te, who broached the postponement proposi tion, that he has made a mistake and seriously under-estimated the strength of the sentiment for the convention which he was largely in strumental in calling in his home town for May 30. j The Monday night meeting was not only a victory for Minneapolis militants. It was also a victory for.the national Farmer-Labor party movement. A continuation of such efforts will make cer tain the consummation of the efforts for the formation of a national Farmer-Labor party in St. Paul, May 30. The Den of Thieves A New York judge waxed indignant in sen tencing the head of one of the metropolitan bucketing firms. This wizard of finance was given a sentence of from siJc months to three years in the penitentiary. Judging from our experiences with such sentences on the sons of the wealthy, we are sure that this will be a maximum sentence of six months. What was the crime of this “bucketeer”? In the judge’s charge we find a rather inter esting explanation. At one juncture the judge explained: “This man’s firm operated bucket shops, and they were dens of thievery! Piti able stories have been told me by customers, some of whom have been widows who lost all they had. I cannot overlook what has been going on in Wall Street. I believe the place is rotten to the core." This is rather strange. We have always been told that Wall Street was the sanctum sanctorum of individual initiative, of capital ist success, of the 'greatest achievements of American enterprise. Why this complete right about face? jWhen does success become sin ister? The trouble is just this: Rabiner got caught. If Rabiner had not been caught, his activities would not be sinsiter. The judge would not have said a word about the poor widows who were losing every cent in their efforts to reap to fruits of individual enterprise. If Mr. Rabiner had succeeded in escaping for a num ber of years longer, who knows what he might have been given the job of Secretary of United States Treasury. There is nothing that suc eaeds like suocess—especially in Wall Street. Just as a helpful suggestion to members of what will go down in history as the “Teapot eabinet,” we quote the following from one of George Ade’s rabies in Slang: V '<One time an investigating committee mi about to Got Something On Him for Bellying with the Profiteers, but he Denned a Fresh White Tie and made a speech about Our Heroic Dead on a Hun dred Battlefields and most everyone said that such a Thunderous Patriot eeuld not yrnflily bo aCrot v " “Zjlfe World” Is a LidK. of the New York World, hiurfor some time been engaged in maligning jdfd slandering the Soviet Republic. / The other day, writing up the hearings on feoviet Russia conducted by Borah’s sub-corn. mittee, this correspondent allowed his imagi nation full play. Quoting his story, apearin'g in The World of January 22nd, we read: “Menace of Death Compels Secrecy Regarding Russia: Secretary Hughes made known thru Hilton Young, Chief of the Eastern European Division, that confif dential information upon which this attitude was based would be supplied the committee— but only in secret session. It was explained that otherwise the lives of the State Depar ment’s informants would be imperilled.” The question in dispute before the Senate Committee was whether the American Com munists were being financed by the Third In ternational. The State Department charged, but could not prove it. Borah demanded that the State Department make good its charge or withdraw it and cease spreading misinforma tion. The World correspondent was present thruout the whole tussle between the State Department witness and Senator Borah. It was a vital point in the proceedings. Every newspaper man was on the job to get a big story. The next morning the writer showed The World’s report to the Associated Press m*n and he was revolted by its outright lies. The DAILY WORKER correspondent then con sulted the stenographer's official minutes on this point. We find on page 83 of the proceed ings the following record of what actually was said: “Senator Borah: ‘You state now that your fear is that the life of the party who con veyed you the information would be im- ; perilled?’ < “Kelley (State Department): ‘No, sir; I state that there is certain information of which the sources cannot be disclosed that is available to the committee in executive session.’ Sena- 1 tor Borah: ‘Of course, the Committee may do ! as it pleases, but I do not want any secret in formation myself. You may proceed.’ ” Here we have it. The World correspondent ’ is just a plain liar. He was merely serving , the capitalist owners of his job. This incident 1 simply shows that the workers must have their own press, that the workers cannot trust even the most liberal of capitalists newspapers. The workers must have their own press to serve them as the capitalists have their press serv- [ ing the employing class. Gompers’ Democracy We are not going to recite all the anti-demo cratic acts of Mr. Sam Gompers. But the other night after the State Department fired its first gun against the movement for American recog nition of Soviet Russia, Mr. Gompers and his agents held a “rousing rally” in the Capitol against the resumption of normal relations with the First Workers and Farmers Republic. At this meeting, addressed by a gentleman traveling under the rather modest name of Mr. Sensinoff, and posing as an advisor of the de funct Kerensky regime, there occurred an in cident typifying the democracy Mr. Gompers and his ilk stand for. After Mr. Sensinoff had delivered his weird tale of the horrors of Sovietism, a delegate to the Central Labor Union of Washington, Mr. Primoff, got up and requested that both sides be heard and that someone be invited to ad dress the Central Labor Body on the other side of the Russian recognition case—in favor of Russian recognition. Forthwith, E. F. McGrady, one of Gompers’ legislative advisors, and others, leaped to their feet in a mad at tempt to stop the treasonable remarks of dele gate Primoff. These aristocrats of the Amer ican labor movement, who have shed so many tears in behalf of the rights of freedom of speech and press for all pogrom hooligans and counter-revolutionists in Russia showed their hand. They showed by their threat to have Primoff withdrawn as a delegate from one of the Fed eral Employes’ Unions, that they believe in democracy only when'it serves the interests of the exploiters and enemies of labor. Mr. Gompers’ agents in putting the lid on delegate Primoff, exposed themselves completely as being advocates of capitalist democracy—of that fraudulent democracy under which the workers are exploited, their strikes are broken, the farmers are dispossessed, and the mass of people kept in subjection. Mr. Gompers and his friends in this meeting unmasked them selves as enemies of genuine democracy working class democracy. Resentful Renegades AU of the renegades, John Spargo among them, who ran to the shelter of capitalism when this country went into the world war, have been writing articles to show that Soviet Russia and the Communist Party of Russia have forsaken communism and gone back to capitalism. Now that renewed efforts are being made to force recognition of Soviet Russia by the House of Morgan government of our fair land these same renegades are filling the capitalist press with articles showing that Soviet Russia has abolished private property in natural re sources and want to have us do the same thing. Traitors are hard to satisfy. Now is the time for admirers of President Coolidge to dig up his articles on the menace of radicalism In our schools and colleges to prove that he could not have been connected in any discreditable manner with the theft pf, the naval oil reserves. i n t l* w UKKb a tBALIEh-OffERS OPTICAL MIRACLE ON GARRICK STAGE Chauve-Souris Succes sor Has Many Surprises By ALFRED V. FRANKENSTEIN Balieff's second bill at the Chauve- Souris, in its last week at the Gar rick theatre,, is a series of surprises in stage setting. In spite of much music, and the much talked-of verbal scrambles of Mr. Balieff, the prin cipal appeal of the show is to the eye, and the credit for these optical mi racles must go to Soudeikine, the stage designer. Sometimes he sur prises us by his elaborateness, and then again by the simplicity of his means. In the sketch entitled “The Duke of Marlborough Goes to War,” five priests chant many verses of a song, the melody of which is a glorified version of “We Won’t Go Home ’Till Morning,” and the action is carried on by a series of huge and grotesque painted silhouettes in the background. One number, called “The Chinese Billikens,” consists of a Chinese altar, around which sit four red billikens, immovable, except for heads and wrists, sneezing rhythmically, while a glorious lady, in Louis XIV. dress, who doesn’t really belong in the pic ture at all, dances daintily. In the famous “Katinka” scene a color bomb explodes all over the stage, and somewhat the same effect is produced in the one called “The Barber of Seville:” In this lait, sev en characters from the popular Itali an opera sit in a sort of brilliantly colored semicircle. Their bodies are built into the scene, but the heads and arms are their own. An example of Soudeikine’s sim plicity is in the setting for a Danish dance. The stage holds only a huge dinner plate, stood on edge, showing fishing boats painted in blue. In a few places the show falls flat. These are the sentimental songs, which are a little better than the hor rors perpetrated between pictures at our movie “palaces,” relieved, per haps, of some of their banality by the fact that one can not understand the language in which they are sung. Balieff himself sometimes actually uses a word identifiable as English. His principal effect lies in the way he ends his sentences when one is ex pecting him to say more. Musically, the climax of the sec ond bill, is in the gypsy scene. Some forty voices join in a great, roaring, bawling wild chorus, as the curtain falls. British Rail Tie- Up Ends Says /. Bromley (Special to Tha Daily Worker) LONDON.—The new labor gov ernment cleared its first hurdle thru settlement of the national railway strike which was reached at 5 o’clock this morning after an all-night con ference of railway mangers and union leaders. Premier Ramsay MacDonald learn ed the news over the telephone be fore breakfast and left for Edinburg shortly afterwards on a private visit, obviously a greatly relieved man. J. Bromley, leader of the striking locomotive engineers and firemen, said after the conference broke up: “The terms reached were most satisfactory. The men will return to work immediately.” Another strike official said the service would be back to normal by night. The strike lasted just eight days. The men went out on the night of the 20th, after negotations failed. The strike was timed to coincide with wage reductions authorized by the national wage board, to which engineers and firemen objected. The walkout affected some 70,000 men, traffic was tied up on some lines ran disjointedly and spasmodic ally on others; there was some vio lence in Scotland but no casualties; motor lorries and airplanes were used in great numbers to relieve the situation. The Land for the Users! U. of M. Students Show Value of Higher Education MISSOULA, Mont. Three Uni versity of Montana students today confessed that they framed the hold up of the Missoula Postofflce, in which they obtained more than $30,000, it was announced by police, They are Robert A. Hetter, Boston; Robert Quackter, Butte, and Bernard A. Quesnell, Kalispell, Mont Don’t be a “Yea, But,” aupporter of The Daily Worker. Send in your sub scription at once. DETROIT, MICH. READERS ATTENTION NOTICE —A meeting of the members of the Workers Party in Detroit is called for Friday, Feb. Ist, at 8:00 P. M., in the House of the Masses, 2101 Gratiot Ave., for the purpose of making final arrangements to take care of the Lenin Memo rial Meeting, which will be held in Arena Gardens, 5810 Woodward A<ve., Sunday, Feb. 3rd, at 2:00 P. M. sharp. An overflow meeting is expected, and an efficient handling of the crowd will require a perfect organization. All Party members will therefore attend the Friday evening meeting to receive their assignment of work for Sunday afternoon. 8,500,000 Women at Work in U . S. and Mostly Poorly Paid SYRACUSE, N. Y. lndustrial hygiene, social legislation, compensa tion work and labor education were foremost among the issues discussed at the Consumers’ league conference here. Speaking on occupational diseases, Dr. Alice Hamilton, Harvard medical school, dwelt upon the primitive status of protection against industrial diseases in America. The frequency of lead poisoning is 15 times greater in America than in British potteries, she said. “Meanwhile,” added Dr. Hamilton, “the use of dangerous sub stances in our industries is increas ing.” Difficulties which confront the American worker, seeking compensa tion in case of illness or injury, were described by Mrs. Maud Swartz, Na tional Women’s Trade Union league. The worker does not know the law. Often, he does not even understand the language of the court. Mrs. Swartz concluded by indicating mea sures nqw being undertaken to aid women workers in legal and medical affairs. Miss Mary Anderson, director, women’s bureau, U. S. department of labor, reported 8,600,000 women at work in the United States, and more than 2,000,000 of these married. The speaker described women’s situation in American industry as “the most monotonous and most poorly paid.” High Living Costs Hit France Hard; People Dissatisfied PARIS. —The high cost of living has hit France with a vengeance. France is at the beginning of the same economic crisis thru which the little “neutral” countries had to pass right after the world war, and which Austria and Germany are still facing. The best index to the dissatisfied temper of the people is the recent demonstration of the Paris police men who were mercilessly clubbed down by the soldiery. Following the police, the civil serv ce and government employes of every description are now holding a series of protest meetings, in Paris,, Lyons, Angers and many provincial cities. They are urgently clamoring for bet ter pay to meet the rising cost of living. * • French Legions Dominate Europe But Franc Drops PARlS—France has taken the position formerly occupied by Ger many in Europe. The legions of France are now superior in numbers and efficiency to the armed hosts of the Kaiser before the fatal Au gust day in 1914, when the goose step of Wilhelm’s army corps shook Europe. In spite of a declining birth rate, France hopes to maintain her present military hegemony by military alli ances all the way from Belgium in Western Europe to Poland in Eastern Europe. The only fly in the French oint ment just now Is the Franc. It is falling steadily and while not yet a vaudeville joke like the mark its con dition is serious enough to warrant calling in the financial doctors. Courts for the Orgy. WASHINGTON. Jan. 28.—The in junction sought by the government to restrain the New York coffee and sugar exchange from speculative dealings in futures which was re fused by the federal court in New was also refused by the su preme court today. In appealing to the supreme court, the attorney general charged that an “orgy of speculation in raw sugar from February to April, 1923 resulted in the artificial increase in the price of sugar from $3.56 to $5.97 per hundred pounds. SWEET CHARITY Cleveland has just finished its drive for $4,200,000.00 for the filling of its charity chest, to meet the needs of its destitute citizens for the coming year. 'he papers are full of slush about the tor, and how the “big-hearted cor porations” are donating thousands of dollars to relieve the suffering of these unfortunates. Alongside of the story of the starv ing workers is the statement that the American Steel pays an extra divi dend of 1.1-4 per cent on its stock. This Bid Leads Ford. WASHINGTON, Jan. 28.—A bill authorizing acceptance of the offer for Muscle Shoals made by the Ala bama Power company and its asso ciates, was introduced in the house today by Representative Hull, lowa, leading opponent of the bid for the project made by Henry Ford. Tli* Industrial for the workers I —i ——..., __ Additional Facts Unea, by Daily Worker Show Probe ofFiretrap Mere White Wash The report of the second day’s work of the investigator 4 from the board of education, the bureau of fire prevention and building commissioners’ office gives further ground for the charge made by the DAILY WORKER that the inspection be ing carried on by these offices under the direction of the busi ness manager of the board of education is a mere whitewash. Mr. Daniel E. Burns, the business manager, said the reports indicated that “There is nothing to be' alarmed about. Nothing startling has been uncovered. All the schools visited by the inspectors passed the inspection all right.” The investigation is being carried on under Mr. Burns’ per sonal direction. Inspectors from the bureau of fire prevention and the building commissioner's office have been assigned to work with an inspector from the engineer’s office of the board of education. These three inspectors make their re ports directly to Mr. Burns. A week ago when the bureau of fire prevention made their yearly report to the Mayor they said that a list of public schools which are a menace to life would be sent him. In spite of the fjict that two inspectors have been working on the preparation of the list for a week it is not yet ready. Is this list being held up until the board of education white washes it self? New Architect Appointed It will be recalled that the board of education appointed a new archi tect, who will have charge of the engineering department, and the de partment which handles the repair and remodeling of old school build ings. This appointment followed within a few days the statement of the chief engineer of the board that more than fifty public schools are unsafe and unfit for use. Has the board of education ap pointed a new architect and given him control of the engineering de partment in order to have some one to stand between the public and the man who declared fifty or more school buildings unfit for use? Visit Fallon School One of the schools visited by the inspectors Monday was the Fallon school, at Wallace and Root Sts., in the district “behind the yards." The Fallon school has classes for crippled children and is not an ordinary school. Special attention has been paid there to the needs of crippled children. The fire inspectors found every thing right.” That they should find every thing “all right" is not surprising since the Fallon school has been devoting itself to special problems. Mr. Bunts did not say what other schools were visited by the inspectors but did say they found every thing “all right” in the schools they did visit Yesterday the DAILY WORKER Investigator visited the Moseley school, at S. Michigan Ave. and 24th St. In that school more than a thousand children are accomodated in 24 rooms with 882 seats. Twelve divisions of the school are on the double shift system. The first class attends from 8:00 a. m. to 12:15 and the second from 12:30 till 4:00 p. m. Built in 1856 The _ school, a three story ’building, the original part of which was erect ed in 1856 does not have either fire escapes or a sprinkler system. 7716 fire extinguishers are of the oldest style and few in number. The pupils are mostly Negro chil- • dren. The discipline seems to be very lax. The jjtairs are of the winding nar row sort found in most of the older school buildings. There is nothing fire proof about the building. In many of the class rooms a low parti tion a few feet from the wall serves as a cloak room. The assembly room is an ordinary class room. The chairs used are not fastened to the floor. The gymnasium ia also an ordinary class room with very little gym equipment. There are classes for subnormal, anaemic and tubercular children. The rest room for the tubercular children is an ordinary class room with army cots and in no way adapt ed for the special use to which it is put. Lunch Room Inadequate. or! 11 ®, .! unch room serves more than 250 children a day and is small and inadequate. The boys’ toilet is in the basement and the equipment is of the oldest sort. The place is dark and damp. Because the boys play room in the basement is darker and dirtier on cold and wet days many of the boys hang around the toilet, using it as 'a play room. Many of the younger children’s class rooms are on the third floor. Since there is no fire escape this is especially dangerous. The principal, Leona Thorne, said that she could not see the good of fire escap«s as many of the children would not knew how to uss them. She herself was not sure she could use one, she added. In contrast to the building used as a .school by the children of work ers is ths Standard Club, across Michigan avsnue: It is housed in a large stone building with fire es capes on four sides. It is equipped with elevators and a magnificent gymnasium that is used about o tenth as much as the school gym. In contrast to the facilities for the tubercular children the club has sev eral sun parlors and a fine roof garden. Club Furnishes Big Contrast. Almost any one of the rooms in the club would make two of the school rooms. The school has 21 teachtTS, the club has nearly a hun dred servants. The school has poor light, the dub ia well equipped with Welcome the Daily Worker Distributed at P ub lie Schools Members of the Young Workers League, in co-operation with The DAILY WORKER, are distribut ing copies of The DAILY WORK ER at various schools in Chicago. Sam Green, who is in charge of the work for the Y. W. L., reports that both the older children as the schools and their parents are very much interested in the arti cles otti the schools. In South Chicago, near the Thorp school, Green says the par ents to whom he gave The DAILY WORKER praised its courage in exposing the school conditions and the point of view of the articles. Many of the people to w'hom Jie gave the papers asked where they could get copies regularly so as be able to follow the articles from day to day. windows and has the most modern system of indirect lighting. The school ashes and garbage are piled up in the playground next to one of the entrances. The club has its garbage taken from an alley in the rear, far away from the entrance where the members pass. The club has a fine library; the school has none. The people who belong to the club are rich, the kids who go to the Moseley school are the kids of the workers. defensTmncil TO TELL SENATE LIST OF OUTRAGES Pennsylvania Facts to Go Before Committee (Special to The Dally Worker) WASHINGTON, D. C.—Facts re garding the violation of constitu tional rights of the workers by offi cers of various subdivisions of the United States government will be presented to the senate committee on education and labor of which Sen ator Borah is chairman. After a conference with Andrew T. McNamara, president of District Council No. 6, of International As sociation of Machinists and chairman of the Labor Defense and Free Speech Council of Western Pennsyl vania, and Fred H. Merrick, district organizer Workers Party of Pitts burgh, and Jay Lovestone; Senator Borah agreed to have the facts of the denial of civil liberties to the Pittsburgh and McKeesport workers presented to his committee when it will open the hearings on his bill making the violation of civil liber ties by an officer of the United States government punishable by a fine of $5,000 and imprisonment of ten years. The Labor Defense and Free Speech Council of Western Penn sylvania, is now gathering all evi dence regarding the violation of con stitutional rights of the workers and is preparing to put its whole case before the senate committee as soon as it is called. In the meanwhile all defense efforts will be renewed with redoubled energies in the Pitts burgh district. Work Daily for ‘The Daily!" What Will They Do Now? LINCOLN, Neb—President A. A. Murphree of the University of Flor ida, William Jennings Bryan’s can didate for president, does not agree with the commoner that principles of evolution should not be taught in institutions of learning, according to a letter received by Chancellor Av ery of Nebraska university from four professors at the fjntversity of Florida. Tb* Land for tha Users! **" t 1 - Send in Your News The Daily Werkar urges all mambers of the party to send In the news of their various sec tions. Every Party Branch should appoint its own correspondent and make him responsible for the news that ought to be sent in to The Daily W ( orkcr. Ilie Party Page should bo the lives! page in Th* Daily Worker. Help make it a*. Address all mail to the Editor, Tha Daily Worker, 1640 N. Hoisted St., Chicago, 111.