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The daily worker. [volume] (Chicago, Ill.) 1924-1958, April 01, 1924, Image 6

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THE PJMUT WORKER.
Published by the DAILY WORKER PUBLISHING CO.,
1640 N Hals ted St., Chicago, 111.
(Phone: Lincoln 7680.)
SUBSCRIPTION RATES
By mail:
$6.00 per year $3.50..6 months $2.00..3 months
By mail (in Chicago only):
SB.OO per year $4.50..6 months $2.50..3 months
Address all mail and make ont checks to
THE DAILY WORKER
1640 N. Hals ted Street Chicago. Illinois
J. LOUIS ENGDAHL 1
MORITZ J. LOEB Business Manager
Entered as second-class mail Sept. 21, 1923 at the Post-
Office at Chicago, 111., under the act of March 3, 1879.
“Birds of a Feather” —
Expose Them Both
Strike-buster Robert E. Crowe was exposed
in the columns of the DAILY WORKER, Mon
day morning, when we made public the com
plete report of the “Committee of 15” of the
Chicago Federation of Labor.
The DAILY WORKER now urges the
“Committee of 15” to fearlessly expose the
strike-busting record of Mayor William E.
Dever’s police as well.
Uniformed city policemen are beating up
girls on the picket line. Uniformed city police
men are arresting them and aiding the state’s
attorney’s men in arresting them. Even where
an arrest has technically been made by a
plainclothesman attached to the state’s attor
ney’s office it is the city policeman who shoves
her into Lowenthal’s doorway and acts as the
willing assistant to the Crowe dick.
Sophie Altschuler was technically arrested
by (William Schroeder, a detective assigned to
Crowe’s office, but Officer O’Rorke, No. 3181,
took her off the detective’s hands and beat
her up.
Officers 5159 and 3609 beat up Ethel Spink.
Officer 3401 beat up Olga Levin. Many more
such cases of brutality to strike pickets are on
our files.
The DAILY WORKER demands that the
“Committee of 15” present the workingclass
public with as full an indictment of the
mayor’s strike-breaking activities as it has
given of Robert E. Crowe.
The Committee has the facts of police bru
tality in this strike. They submitted these
facts to the mayor. Let them broadcast these
facts as they are broadcasting the expose of
Robert E. Crowe. Otherwise one capitalist
politician will merely gain at the expense of
his political rival.
Dever and Crowe are birds of a feather as
far as the workers are concerned. Pick their
feathers and expose them both.
Recognizing Soviet Russia
The latest government to signify its inten
tion to recognize the Russian Soviet Republic
is Canada. There is a Soviet Trade delegation
in Canada already and the country as a whole
is jubilant aver the prospect of getting down
to business and brushing aside the legal ob
stacles that have so far prevented free com
mercial intercourse—between the people of
the Dominion government and Soviet Russia.
Foreign Minister Benes of Czecho-Slavia
predicted that this year would be remembered
by the establishment of complete diplomatic
relations between most of the European and
Asiatic countries and Soviet Russia.
This prediction is being borne out by the
developments in Europe since the opening of
the New Year. Two of the most powerful
nations in the world, the mighty British Em
pire and Italy, have granted de jure recogni
tion to the first Workers Republic in history
and this action was followed by Norway and
Greece and the extension of de facto recogni
tion by other countries. Canada, a powerful
influence on the American continent, is the
first country on this hemisphere to signify its
intention to recognize Russia.
This is a testimony to the growing power
and stability of the Soviet Republic. The
capitalist nations have come to the conclusion
that they cannot defeat the Workers Republic
so they decide to make the best of a bad situa
tion. In the meantime the Teapot Dome gov
ernment of the United States raises its hands
in horror over the state of affairs in Russia and
refuses to have anything to do with the wicked
Communists. It is only fair to say, however,
that the present administration has been quite
busy peddling the country to various hucksters
and had to depend on the old fossil Gompers
and the Jewish Daily Forward for most of its
Russian information. Once the cabinet is de
oiled perhaps what is left of it—if there is any
—might step in line and follow the example
of Britain in its foreign relations.
Meanwhile the workers of Russia are pro
ceeding nicely with the work of laying the
groundwork for the establishment of a Com
munist society.
A skull of a more primitive shape than that
of the Neanderthal man has been discovered
in California. The find is puzzling scientists
as no California senator has been reported
missing.
The French navy, with five capital ships,
has sixty-seven admirals. This is reported to
be causing great unrest in the Honduran army
which has only forty-two generals.
MT JOIN THE WORKERS PARTY r«i !
Advertising rates on application.
Small and Smaller
’ The workingclass are constantly told during
election periods that its future welfare de
pends on its choice of a candidate from the
ranks of the capitalist parties. They always
make a choice. JBut their condition does not
show any
worse. Its friends turn out to be enemies and
its enemies never change for the better; they
cannot change for the worse.
Here in the state of Illinois two rival groups
in the republican party are at each other’s
throats over the spoils of office. Governor
Small, with as unsavory a record as any public
official who ever held office in this state is op
posed by another gang of blackhearted crooks
and anti-labor open shoppers. Both factions
are controlled by the enemies of labor.
Until quite recently the American Federa
tion of Labor in this state was committed to
independent political action. The leaders of
the movement sponsored a Farmer-Labor
Party which attempted to rally the workers
under its banner on the political field against
all the parties of capitalism, alleged friends
and open foes.
The workers were slowly gaining confidence
in themselves. The capitalist parties could see
the day approaching when grafting labor offi
cials could no longer barter the labor vote at
election time.—fiut a change has taken place.
Those who in the recent past sponsored the
Farmer-Labor Party movement have now be
trayed' it and are eating from the capitalist
trough along with the consistent reactionaries
who have always looked on the labor move
ment as their legitimate prey.
The executive committee of the Illinois
federation of Labor has endorsed Small and
now the leaders of the Chicago Federation of
John Fitzpatrick and Edward N. Nock
sis, respectively president and secretary, have
ssued a public statement calling on the mem
bers of organized labor to support Small in the
primaries on April 8.
The only ray of light in this discreditible
situation is the resolution that was passed by
the Cook County branch of the Farmer-Labor
Party urging the workers to stay away from
the republican and democratic primaries next
veek, and severely criticising the purchaseable
labor leaders who have espoused the Small
’andidacy.
Governor Small has a record that fits ex
ictly with his name but he is a moral giant
compared with those leaders who have be
trayed their principles and turned their backs
on the movement for Farmer-Labor political
action, which they helped to bring into exist
ence. They are a million times smaller than
Small.
Lewis Chen ;es His Mind
John L. Lewis 4s International President of
the United Mine Workers of America. His
brother George is a member of the Legislative
Committee of the union. The political at
mospheric current generated by brother John
is as agreeable to the sense of smell as that
caused by the presence of a skunk. His brother
did not follow in the footsteps of Caesar’s
wife. Suspicion sticks to him like the smell of
a raw onion. But that has nothing to do with
the story except byway of introduction.
Recently Mr. George Lewis appeared at the
White House to inform President Coolidge that
the United Mine Workers of America would
not look with favor on the appointment of
Judge A. B. Anderson, of Indianapolis, to suc
ceed Judge Francis E. Baker as judge of the
United States Circuit Court. Judge Anderson
was the author of one of the most vicious in
junctions in the history of the American labor
movement directed against the United Mine
Workers Union in the year of 1919, restrain
ing the union and its officials from using the
funds of the organization to aid the great coal
strike that was then going on.
It was then John L. Lewis made the declara
tion that “we cannot fight the government”
and was branded a coward by Samuel Gom
pers for declining the fight.
Something happened after Mr. George Lewis
visited Coolidge. It was authoritatively stated
in Washington that Lewis was slated to be the
Coolidge running mate on the republican
ticket in the next election. Hardly had the
rumor time to filter out when John L. Lewis
appeared in Washington and announced tfcat
the United Mine Workers of America has no
opposition to the appointment of Mr. Anderson
the strikebreaker. It seems that further com
ment would be superfluous. But this gives a
nice picture of Mr. John L. Lewis.
The Y. M. C. A. is planning to erect a build
ing in South Chicago. Judge Elbert H. Gary
has contributed $300,000 to the fund of $760,-
000 which is being raised. He knows what he
is doing. A Y. M. C. A. dope factory in the
vicinity of his steel mills will help to keep the
slaves gazing in the general direction of where
Jesus is supposed to live. While they are
looking upwards the Judge, aided by experts
from the Coolidge administration, can go thru
their pockets.
William Randolph Hearst says that Daugh
erty got the gate because of his vigor in prose
cuting Standard Oil. At the same time Mr.
Hearst’s literary monkey, Arthur Brisbane,
uses up half his daily column singing the
praises of the Rockefellers. How the pair
must laugh!
Frank A. Vanderlip wants a housecleaning
in the republican and democratic parties. We
| are in favor of that and after some degree of
sanitation is attained, the process should be
topped off with a successful surgical operation,
with both patients waking up in heaven.
THE DAILY WORKER
“The Story of John Brown”
This is “The Story of John
Brown,” by Michael Gold. Pub
lished by the DAILY WORKER
thru arrangement with Haldeman-
Julius Company, of Girard, Kans.
Copyrighted, 1924, by Haldeman-
Julius Company.
* * * •
The Liberty Guards.
ONE of these companies was the
Liberty Guards, a3 commander
of which John Brown first receiv
ed his historic title of Captain.
Besides four of Brown's stalwart
sons, there were fourteen other
Free State settlers, and they were
present at the first attempted raid
on Lawrence, which had resulted
in a compromise and an abortive
“treaty.”
Captain John Brown had gath
ered his men, and was on the way
to Lawrance for the second time
when they were informed by a
messenger that Lawrence had al
ready Been destroyed. The Border
Ruffians had captured the town
without meeting any resistance,
and razed it to the ground, the
breathless courier reported. This
startling news was received in a
bitter silence by the little com
pany. They pushed in, neverthe
less, and encamped near Prairie
City, hearing from passing strag
glers further reports of burnings,
killings and drunken threats of
the Southern invaders.
Border Ruffian* Active.
It was a period of great excite
ment. The Kansans felt as if war
had commenced in earnest on
them, and that they were to be
wiped out. Some of the men who
lived on the Pottawatomie Creek,
near Dutch’s Crossing, heard re
ports that their women had been
threatened by a group of the
Oriental Peoples Grieved For
Lenin 9 s Death; Soviet Policy
Forges Bonds of Unity In East
(Special to Tht Daily Worker)
MOSCOW (by mail). —The following is an excerpt from
Leo Kameneff’s speech, of January 30, at the Second All-Union
Congress of Soviets, being a part of the Soviet Government’s
report to the Congress. Referring to the Soviet Union’s Orien
tal policy, the Acting President of the Council of People’s
Commissaries said, in part:
“You know that our Oriental policy may be put in a very
few words: constant friendship with the oppressed nations of
the East was and still is immutably the slogan of the Soviet
Government Friendship with
Oriental peoples, striving at an
independent national develop
ment, is not the result of such
or other policy of the day: it
is one of the fundamentals of
the general policy of the Soviet
oower, it is its token.
Don’t Barter Friendship.
“Brotherly sympathy with
the Eastern nations, fraternal
assistance to them in th.e cause
a s the powerful movement wuien is
hoftnd to bring about the era of
national independence and emanci
pation of these nations—are laid
out at the very base of the policy
of the Soviet Power. (Loud ap
plause). Differently from all the
other governments, we do not bar
gain this friendship, we do not bar
ter or sell it, we transact no deals
with it.
“On the occasion of the terrible
grief that has befallen us and all
toiling masses we have received
thousands of messages of every de
scription. However, those received
from the Orient are especially in
grief.
“The following woras were said,
among other speeches made in the
Turkish Parliament: ‘Lenin’s death
has grieved us all. This great man
has stood by us, assisted us, in our
blackest hours and ever wished us
success in our fight for independ
ence. Lenin never missed an oppor
tunity to welcome our National As
sembly.’ The speaker concluded by
moving the despatch of a condolence
telegram, most warmly worded. One
of the next speakers, Deputy Djelal j
Nurim, added that ‘when our peo
ple were living thru their hardest
days, Lenin stretched out his hand
to us. His letters and telegrams
were ever a source of encourage
ment for us.’
Straightforward Oriental Policy.
“Such utterances,” continues Mr.
Kameneff, “are the prize of an open
and straightforward policy of as
sistance rendered to and friendship
with the peoples of the East, and
this tribute surely is the best token
of the correctness ans far-sighted
ness of our policy. The history will
forever record that, in the black
days of the liberative struggle of
the Oriental people, Lenin stretched
out a brotherly hand to them, and
this shall also he a precept for our
further policy." (Appiause).
The acting president of the Coun
cil of P. O. of the U. S. S. R. then
reports that “from far-off China,
we have received, over the signa
ture of Sun Yat Sen, the leader of
the democratic forces of China, a
telegram whose contents are char
acteristic, I would say, of a hew
historic era introducing new facts
into history, which at the same time
serve as precepts or our policy Dr.
Sun Yat Sen’s mossage reads.
“ ‘Resolved that tho Kuomintang,
assembled in National Congress, re
cord its profound sorrow at the
death of Comrade Lenin, whose
work as chief architect of New Rus
sia is at this momont inspiring the
mind* and purpose of the Congress
in its principal task of making the
Party a national instrument for the
unification of China and for the
toughest pro-slavery ruffians who
lived there.
“We expect to be butchered,
every Free State settler in our
region,” one of these men told
John Brown.
Here was a story John Brown
heard a few days before from the
lips of a pretty young girl named
Mary Grant, a settler’s daughter
in the region:
“Dutch Bill arrived at our
house, horribly drunk, with a
whisky bottle with a corncob stop
per, and with an immense butcher
knife in his belt. Mr. Grant, my
father, was sick in bed, but when
they told him that Bill Sherman
was coming, he had a shot gun
put by his side. ‘Old woman,’
said the ruffian to my mother, ‘you
and I are pretty good friends, but
damn your daughter\l’ll drink her
heart’s blood.’ My little brother
Charley succeeded in cajoling the
drunken man away.”
Reprisal* Begin.
An old settler named Morse was
hung and let down again by this
same group of ruffians. Then they
threatened to kill him with an
axe, but his little boys set up a
terrible wailing, and begged for
his life. The ruffians spared him,
but gave him until sundown to
leave the community. He wander
ed in the brush for two or three
days with his children, frightened
to death, and finally died of the
excitement.
There were other such tales,
including one horrible story of a
similar attack on a woman in
childbirth. The ruffians had also
put up a notice, advising every
Free State settler to leave the
community in thirty days or have
his throat cut.
John Brown and his men dis-
advancement and welfare of the
Chinese People under democratic
institutions; and as a mark of re
spect the Congress stands adjourned
for three days.’
Russia’* Program.
“We are proud, aeelares Mr.
Kameneff, “that our leader inspires,
in remote China the forces of a
democratic nation onto a new Iter
ative work. This precept we shall
never abandon. And so again do I
repeat: the tenor of our policy is,
friendship with all the nations of
the world, brotherly sympathy for
the oppressed peoples, business and
peaceful relations with all the gov
ernmentsf* (Loud applause).
Argentina Workers
Pensioned on Full
Pay After 25 Years
BUENOS AIRES, March 31.—A1l
persons in Argentina who have la
bored for 25 years are pensioned to
the extent of their present salaries,
as the result of a new pension law,
President Marcelo T. De Alvear has
officially announced.
The workers themselves, however,
must supply half of the pension fund
by donating to it 5 per cent of their
salaries, the other half being sup
plied by the employers, who also do
nate 6 per cent of the amount of
their payrolls. The law, which was
bitterly opposed by the employers, is
to take effect in two months.
LENIN
K 4 u «•« umum an m RLHiiKino M KIMVI
ssasfaswSET
aMxrassXTaSrcr’
Luster fat oat by Filipino worker* on oocaa|oa at Linin’. death.
t
cussed this matter, and grimly
I decided to “do something to show
these barbarians wa have some
rights.” They moved down that
night on the Pottawatomie, and
calling out the five men who had
done most of the killing, threat
ening and burning down of houses
in the region, executed them as
a measure of self-defense.
John Brown Guerilla Captain.
It was a bloody,, stem act, but
it proceeded out of the same in
flamed spirit with which the min
ers at Herrin recently shot down
the armed strikebreakers who had
had been brought into their sec
tion. Many, including some sym
pathetic historians like Oswald
Garrison Villard, have condemned
this brutal deed, and have called
it a stain on John Brown’s life.
Murder is murder, and it cannot
be defended on ethical or logical
grounds. But when a thug assails
one with a gun, or threatens one’s
wife and children, is one to prac
tice non-resistance on him? Is his
life more valuable than one’s
own? In such moments men do
not think, they act as nature tells
them to; even a Villard would
refuse to yield up his life to a
thug; he wpuld forget logic and
ethics, and defend himself. And
that is what John Brown did; his
act was a stern and immed ; at.e
answer to the long-continued
murders and threats against the
Free State men of Kansas. It
shook the territory to its founda
tions, and it made of John Brown
a hunted outlaw. Thereafter he
grew no more com and built no
more cabins for his family; he
was a guerilla captain in the
field.
(To Be Continued Wednesday.)
(After Pottawatomie)
18 WORKERS LOST
LIVES WHEN BOSS
VIOLATED LOWS
Criminal Negligence by
Explosive Firm Bared
(By The Federated Press.)
TRENTON, N. J.—March 31.
Eighteen workers killed and 200 in
jured by explosion! Oh, no, the
company was not to blame, it was
much more interested in protecting
its employes than in piling up prof
its—at least according to the com
pany officials and capitalist news
papers. The workers who escaped
say the company was responsible,
do they? Well, that’s only red
propaganda. . . . That was the
story at the Nixon plant of the Am
monite Company, on March 8.
Law Was Violated.
Now comes the report of Dr.
Martin Szamatolski, consulting
chemist New Jersey department of
labor, declaring that the company
was carrying on dangerous opera
tions just before the explosion which
were very different from those in
progress when the plant was in
spected and approved on Jan. 1. “It
would be idle to speculate on the
true causes of the explosion,” the
expert reports, “beyond the fact
that it was due to gross negligence
and violation of the law.”
The report of State labor Com
missioner Andrew F. Mcßride
Which includes the Szamatolski re
port, has forced Prosecutor Joseph
E. Strieker, of Middlesex county, to
summon the grand jury in special
session to fix responsibility. Gov.
Silzer may have to act upon Com
missioner Mcßride’s recommenda
tions and call a special session of
the state legislature to revise the
laws governing manufacture and
storage of explosives.
Don’t be a “Yes, But,” supporter of
The Daily Worker. Send in your sub
scription at once.
Tuesday, April 1, 1924
MOVEMENT FOR
SHORT WORKDAY
AT STANDSTILL!
- , ,
Workday Outside New
York Lengthens
By LELAND OLDS
(Federated Press Industrial Editor)
Generally speaking the movement
for a shorter week in New York
state stands today almost exactly
where it stood in December, 1921,
altho outside New York City the
number of men on an eight-hour
day has been reduced from some
what over a half in 1921 to less
than a half in 1923.
More than 60 per cent of the fac
tory workers of New York state
have a working weeic of 48 hours
or less, according to the chief sta
tistician of the state department of
labor. He bases his report on in
formation from 1,300 manufacturing ■
establishment employing over 400,- I
000 workers. P
Workers in New York City.
Wage earners in New York City
where organized labor is strong
have made the greatest progress
toward the shorter working week
while the detailed figures indicate
that many employers by moving to
small upstate towns have succeedes
in putting off the day when they
must conform to union conditions.
The report says:
“Over 80 per cent of the factory
workers in New York City have a
basic working week of 4 hours or
less, and one-third have a 44-honr
week. Up state the working week
is longer. Not quite half the men
and somewhat fewer of the women
worked 48 hours a week and the
44-hour week was almost unknown.
A substantial proportion of the men
upstate work over 64 hours as
compared with almost none in New
York City. Two-thirds of the women
upstate work 49, 60 and 51 hours a
week.”
The figures shows that 31,785 men
in factories outside New York City
are still working more than 64
hours a week and that 59,455 out of
207,844 or 28 1-2 per cent work
more than 62' hours a week.
Figures Tell Tale.
The following table shows foe
the state as a whole the proportioa
of workers In different Industrie*
working the various basic weeks:
| .
£ d ,-1 HIM |
1*
wio IP .
oe- ’-I 60 t- os t- to 00 O) 00 o | o»
s »4»ejo -loootoeor-t- lo
£
| f
I -J
| to
w m.. 0.
:j 1 :
to 0) •to • O O
;
. I bX) Li 3 ” ” . Q. . $-t T 3 '■pi I
m’E-S gg2. :S. :.s « « •
SS s c : S 'SSI’S *
P<*Cs J= 5 * . £ .5f
P 5 .Em - !«><>„ 5
« . W ?M. .5 ,S „tT fi
wS3 tS u££ hu £ i*s
The iron and steel industry in
New York proves to be still very
much in the reactionary class with
86 1-2 per cent of its employes
working over 54 hours a week. Ac
cording to the report a large pro
portion of them worked 60 and 72
hours a week. Only 6.7 per cent
have secured a week of 48 hours or
less.
Hours of Labor.
In the manufacture of machinery
approximately 69 per cent of the
workers are on a week of 48 hours
or less. In the automobile industry
43 per cent work 48 hours or less
and 33.5 per cent work from 49 to
61 hours per week. In the manu
facture and repair of railroad roll
ing stock approximately 60 pe*
cent of the workers have a basis
; 48-hour week.
The shoe industry in New York
appears particularly progressive
with 93.1 per cent of its employes
working a basic week of 48 hours
or less. In, the (manufacture of
paper 75.1 per cent of the employee
work a straight 48-hour week.
In textile industry 72 per cent of
the silk workers and 80.8 per cent
of the cotton mill workers on a 48-
hour week basis as compared with
only 16.6 per cent of the employee
of woolen mills working the shorter
week. Approximately 56 per cent
of the employes of the woolen In
dustry still work from 52 to 54
hours a week.
Workers who have led in estab
lishing the 44-hour week include
the fur workers with' 100 per cent
of their number on that basia,
printing and bookmaking with 64.$
per cent, mens’ clothing with 77.1
per cent and women’s clothing with
76.1 per cent. ' .
Priton-Ma<l a Reliance Shirt*.
OKLAHOMA CITY, March 31.
Tho defeated in the senate the reso- (
ration ca ncelling the prison contract
of the Reliance Shirt Factory with 1
the Oklahoma state penitentiary hae
apparently agitated the members ol
the state board of affairs. The chair
man of the board has declared that
the shirt fnctory proposition will be
investigated thoroly. The house reso.
lution charged that the state was lo*.
lng $70,000 annually on the contact
and cited the fact that SIO,OOO ha|
been donated, to the campaign fund*
of the governor and attorney general
by the prieon contract peopla,

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