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The daily worker. [volume] (Chicago, Ill.) 1924-1958, May 13, 1924, Image 4

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The World of Labor—lndustry and Agriculture
Anti-Union Bosses In
N. Y. Tammany Friends
(Staff Correapondent of the Fed. Prese)
NEW YORK. May 12.—New York’s
taxi war has broken out again. After
a speedy settlement on the first day
of the strike, one group of employers
had the union officials arrested and
the largest anti-union company was
shown to have special connections
with Tammany, the city administra
tion and police. So the strike is on
again, with about 3500 drivers out,
according to the Brotherhood of Taxi
Chauffeurs of Greater New York.
The Amalgamated Taxi Chauffeurs,
1400 drivers who own their cars, sup
port the strikers. The Amalgamated
and the union have revived charges
that the Yellow thru Carroll Sinnott,
a Yellow official and brother of Mayor
Hylan’s secretary and son-in-law, gets
special privileges and police strike
breaking service. Yellow taxis are
allowed to pass police lines closed to
other cars at the theatres and base- 1
ball parks, are allowed to keep cars
on park property for $2 while other
companies have offered S2OO for the
privilege and been refused. A long
list of privileges are charged, which
Yellow officials and the city admin
istration cannot explain.
Since the union succeeded in get
ting 900 Yellow drivers to walk out,
Yellow officials and the police have
co-operated in slugging and strike
breaking. “The cops have told us
‘We will be right with you, but you
have got to keep away from the Yel
lows,’ ” the pickets say.
Meanwhile the union has struck the
various fleet companies again follow
ing the alleged frameup by the Mogul
Checker Company. President Jules
Martin and another were arrested and
the next morning the others gave
themselves up. All are out on bail,
and the case is to be heard May 12.
“They framed our leaders to break
our union, but it won’t break,” read
the banners carried by the 1000 strik
ers who marched to the court house
hearing. The police searched all the
strikers in the court room until they
came to the Millionaire Taxi Driver
“Freddie” FrefiEB —and let him go.
French, who is a striker, is the son
*T*“ banker, Amos T. French and a cou
sin of William H. Vanderbilt.
11725 S. Michigan
! “If You Are Dressed Well You Feel Well” ;
- Nat Pitzele, Proprietor. 11338 Michigan Ave. \
Are you self-conscious
about the impression
you make on peopleP
PERSONAL appearance ha« a lot
to do with the way you feel.
Clothes count, of course. But still
there is one thing so an any people
overlook —something that at once
brands them as either fastidious or
careless —the treth.
Notice today how you, yourself,
watch another person's teeth when
he or she is talking. If the teeth are
not well kept they at ones become a
Llilrtim Tnlk F*Jl« clsant tntk a mm
MS. AI Itm nr tkmiKt kart Ji icntrtA m
gtlhkiiti intndlnt Ik*l mlly tlnm milk
m trrmttklml tkr mamrt—a Alfinh pnkltm
t—Uj ntmA.
A large tube of Listcrine Tooth
Paste is only 25 cents; at your drug
gist’s.—LamUrt Pharmacol Co.,Saint
Louit, U. S. A.
,(Cor. Winchester)
>« 'umboldt 2707
Federated Press Staff Correspondent.
YORK, England.—A general agree
ment not to embarrass the British La
bor government marked the annual
spring conference of the Independent
Labor party at York. Prime Minister
Ramsay MacDonald and five other
cabinet members belong to the I. L.
P., as do over half of the Labor mem
bers of parliament.
An instance of this desire not to
embarrass was the decision to aban
don the historic practice of preceding
conferences of instructing the party
members in parliament to vote
against army and navy appropriations.
This time they were left to vote as
they please, while the party confined
its anti-militaristic action to urging
the government to start a disarma
ment conference.
Another instance was the toleration
extended to MacDonald when he casu
ally referred to Socialism as a “book
ish term.” Only a few Scottish mem
bers expressed a hushed dismay.
The proceedings as a whole were
marked by expert knowledge and con
cise talks rather than by vague repe
tition of formulas. Education from
kindergarten to college, agriculture,
health and finance were the chief
Premier MacDonald claimed as
achievements of the Labor govern
ment the recognition of Russia, with
the conference over trade and credits
now going on in London “between
representatives of two great Labor
governments of Europe,” the aban
donment of the Singapore naval base
which would have been a menace to
other powers in the far east, better
relations with the powers of western
Europe and first steps in meeting the
housing problem in Great Britain.
Clifford Allen, chairman of the par
ty, struck the keynote with his asser
tion that the business of the delegates
was to confer on how to construct
Socialism rather than destroy capital
The I. L. P. was organized 33 years
ago by Keir Hardie as an organiza
tion for spreading Socialist ideas. It
was then a small courageous groap of
pioneers. Today it numbers 70,000
members and is the driving core of
the heterogeneous British Labor
SCRANTON, Pa. A victorious
strike has won the Scranton bricklay
ers union an increase of 15 cents giv
ing them $1.50 an hour. The men
have been out since May 1.
Phone Wabash 6680
Improve Your Property
Damaged Buildings Restored
New Floors, Fronts, Shelving
508 3. Irving Ave. Seeley 1883
Rendering Expert Dental Service
for 20 Years
641> SMITHFIKLD 8T„ Near 7th Ave.
1627 CENTER AVE., Cor. Arthur St.
i'hunc .SpuulilliiK 4670
Painters and Decorators
Estimate# on New and old Work
Every new aubeoriber Inereaaea the
influenea of tha DAILY WORKER.
Greek Workers In
Huge May Day ,
Mass Demonstration
(Special to The Daily Worker)
Seventeen killed and injured. Whole
sale arrests. Water drenched ranks
of marching workers. That was the ]
May Day toll in Greece. ,
Workers of Greece celebrated May .
Day in spite of orders from the ,
“democratic” militaristic clique now ]
in-control of the government forbid-
ding the workers to assemble or to
make any demonstrations. Gathering ,
in hordes in the many squares of (
Athens, and led by Communists, the |
workers defied the government-sent (
“regiment of engineers,” instructed to (
extinguish the revolutionary fire by (
turning on the water hose.
The celebrating masses really got a ,
shower. But not a bit daunted they ■
kept on marching in unbroken file. <
The militia was then called and blood ,
began to flow.
Communist papers have laid the ,
blame squarely on the shoulders of '
the government, and are calling on
the proletariat to close ranks for a
general strike, which may be called
any day to free the political prisoners.
Farmers Hammer
Plot To Deliver
Shoals To Ford
(Special to The Daily Worker)
MT. VERNON, Wash., May 12.
Denunciation of the politicians who
plan to pay a political debt to Henry
Ford by turning over to him the im
mensely valuable public water power
resources at Muscle Shoals is con
tained in a resolution passed by Bak
ers’ Heights Local No. 13 of the West
ern Progressive Farmers, Skagit
The resolution demands that these
public water power resources be pub
licly developed for the benefit of the
people and not for the benefit of cap
italists. The resolution is signed by
Mrs. Fred D. Wood, secretary.
Skagit county is the scene of gigan
tic power developments of its own,
and the Washington ■workers and
farmers have had disastrous experi
ences of private exploitation of their
resources in the past.
The Western Progressive Farmers’
organization is enrolling the intelli
gent dirt farmers of Washington
state, and is working hand in hand
with the Federated Farmer-Labor
party and other forces behind the
June convention at St. Paul.
FALL RIVER, Mass., May 12.
; Relief for the unemployed is sought
! by the Textile Council and the Cen
tral Labor Union. An appeal was
issued soliciting funds to aid the
hundreds of idle workers. It states
that organized labor has aided 429
individuals in two weeks. Os those,
106 were adults and 323 were child
| ren. Food has been provided for
j 160 families, 260 pairs of shoes given
■ away, and 80 families given articles
, of clothing.
Any contributions should be sent
to the Central Labor Union Relief
Committee, Martin J. Walsh, treasu
rer, 58 Pleasant street, Fall Itiver,
| Mass. I i
Unemployed Beg Aid
NEW BEDFORD, Mass., May 12.
Unemployment here is so acute that
the city’s Poor Department is swamp
ed with applications for relief.
Hundreds of Portugese workers with
large families have asked aid. The
labor co-operative bakery offered to
supply about 30 unemployed families
with free bread and received scores of
applications. The manager of the
bakery, Benjamin Levine, was forced
to remark, that he had not seen a
more pitiful sight In years.
Venezuela Where Unions Are Banned.
WASHINGTON.—At last the revo
lution which has been due in Vene
zuela since the Castro dictatorship
was supplanted by the Gomez dicta
torship, Is reported to have started.
A party of Venezuelan liberals has
been In Washington to get the truth
to the American people. The revolu
tionary forces feel that Secretary
Hughes Is about to apply the same
' crushing rule to the Venezuelans as
to the Cubans —that the power of the
United States will be thrown behind
an oppressive government which
makes trade unions Illegal.
Labor Woman to Europe.
Schleff. member, committee on educa
tion, California State Federation of
Labor, has been awarded a scholar
ship by the Amerlcan-Scandinavlan
foundation to study housing condi
tions in Sweden. Miss Schleff will
start for Europe Immediately for a
year's study.
Workers And Farmers
Are Disorganized
If the Illinois miners, in
Peoria as their 1924 convention city,
where they will convene May 13, had
in mind the doing of some missionary
work for the general laoor move
ment, they could hardly have chosen a
better meeting place.
There are thousands of unorganized
workers in the manufacturing plants
of Peoria and vicinity, and they have
been among the worst exploited in the
country. For some years Peoria had
the reputation of being the second
city in the United States in respect
to the amount and value per worker
added in the process of manufacture.
This was largely because of being one
of the leading cities in the manufac
ture of agricultural implements, rank
ing first in diversity of output, and
third in aggregate value of product.
The implement business for a time
was one of the most profitable, the
workers being paid exceptionally low
wages at one end, and the farmer be
ing charged excessive prices at the
However, the financial pirates of
Wall Street, who, of course, have an
interest indirect or direct in the im
plement business, overreached them
selves in their efforts to exploit the
farmers, and have seriously injured
the golden egg laying ability of the
farm implement goose. So many
farmers have gone bankrupt, or near
ly so, that they cannot stand any fur
ther cash or credit burden for ma
chinery. They have seen that merely
to increase the product by machinery
often puts them in a worse position
by putting so much foodstuff on the
market that the price drops and they
are worse off with big crops than
small ones. Hence the number of
farm implements and machines bought
by the farmers in 1922 are shown by
reports to have been only about half
of the number bought in 1914.
This conditon of poor business re
sulted in the bankruptcy recently of
the Avery company, one of the lead
ing farm machinery manufacturers in
Peoria, and of course the workers in
the implement factories will suffer
from low wages and unemployment.
Peoria is pretty much an open shop
city. The street ’car employes are
said to have an open shop agreement,
which gives them from 47 cents to 52
cents per hour, the combined conduc
tor-motorman on the one-man cars
getting 65 cents per hour, according
to reports. The factories and mills
are unorganized. An employee of the
Keystone Steel and Wire company re
ported that in a seven-day week, work
ing 12 hours night turn, he was able
to “earn” the large sum of $36.
Peoria has in the past seen stir
ring events in the labor movement.
In 1919 the employes of the Keystone
Steel and Wire company and other
plants in Peoria and nearby cities
conducted a strike involving some
3,000 men, and lasting for months.
The strikers were blacklisted when
they tried to get work in plants not
included in the strike, and as a result
a general strike was called which
brought out a very large percentage
of all the workers in Peoria, and cul
minated in a monster parade on the
day before Labor day. Even the
street car service stopped, it is said,
all day.
One thing which handicaps the la
bor movement in Peoria is the extent
of the commercial business, both in
the hog trade, of which this is a great
center, and in general wholesale lines.
Some $30,000,000 wholesale business
is said to be done annually, and about
3,500 traveling salesmen to have their
homes in Peoria. The workers in the
industry of trade are notoriously back
ward toward organization to better
their conditon.
Gompers May Lose His
Love For Atlantic City
If Beauty Shows Stop
"Unscrupulous exploitation of young
womanhood in beauty shows, pag
eants and revues" was declared In a
resolution adopted by the thirtieth an
nual convention of the New Jersey
State Federation of Women’s Clubs
“These unspoiled flowers are at
tracted as butterflies to the light,”
Mrs. Sophie Irene Loeb, chairman of
the National Child Labor association,
said in speaking of girls who partici
pate In such competitions.
Th resolution described the beauty
contests as a "menace to the highest
ideals of the nation."
Old Bcala Adopted.
ALLIANCE, Ohio, May 12.—Stark
electric street car strike here ended
last night, when the old wage scale
was adopted for another year. The
men suspended operations May 1, re
fusing to accept a four-cent-an-hour
pay slash.
The company was given the right
to operate one-man cars and to use
two men on freight trains in the yard
limits here.
Over-production deliberately fostered by the masters of
American finance has intensified the present trade slump and
opened the way for a general wage reduction movement. At
least 2,500,000 wage earners are out of a job with every indica
tion that more will join their ranks. The surplus which workers
produced during recent months will enable employers to sit tight
until conditions which they consider*
essential to success in world competi
tion are accepted.
The artificial expansion of business
which preceded this situation was re
cently exposed by a well known in
vestors’ service which held that dur
ing the Autumn industrial leaders
made a deliberate effort to manufac
ture prosperity. The resulting col
lapse was termed an illustration of
the fact that without a solid founda
tion no prosperity could be produced.
According to the New York Times,
“to many minds it was quite clear
that an artificial stimulant was be
ing administered to business last
autumn and early winter.”
U. S. Steel.
With unfilled orders running far be
hind 1923 the captains of industry
speeded up production in basic in
dustries until it exceeded the high
mark of a year ago. In March the
U. S. Steel corporation maintained
the highest rate of production on
record, altho its output was run
ning more than 10 per cent ahead of
orders. As a result its unfilled orders
fell off 130,094 tons to 4,782,807 tons
as compared with 7,403,332 tons on
the books a year ago and production
in April was sharply curtailed.
The widespread unemployment
which has developed tends to curtail
consumption and to prolong the de
pression. Since a year ago the num
ber of workers employed in mining,
manufacture and transportation has
fallen 720,000 according to the con
servative index of the department
of labor. But to absorb the increased
number of productive workers due to
the normal growth of population the
number on the payrolls should have
increased by at least 700,000. The
steady drift from the farms to the
cities means that this entire number
can be added to the number of city
workers looking for jobs. This means
1,420,000 looking for work in addition
to the "normal” margin of about 1,-
000,000 unemployed present even in
times of prosperity.
Wage Cuts Threaten
As a result a wage reduction move
ment is being anticipated by financial
editors in paragraphs which might
have been clipped from their sheets
in late 1920. The N. Y. Times sets
July 1 as the probable date for the
“Altho revisions of wage sched
ules,” writes one, “are not a gen
eral thing as yet, it is evident
that industrial leaders have some
plans along this line under considera
tion.” Another writes “It would not
surprise shrewd trade observers if
this year showed the turn of the tide
from the constantly increasing labor
costs which are now gravely affecting
production and distribution. The
entering wedge so far as wage reduc
tion is concerned seems likely to ap
pear in the textile trades. They are
in a comparatively weak condition,
etc.” In the steel industry, says the
Journal of Commerce, “the lead in
reduction of wages is expected to be
taken by the Republic Iron and Steel
. Co. and the Youngstown Sheet &
Tube Co.”
The industries in this country have
been expanded to the point where
huge foreign markets are required to
maintain full industrial activity and
the United States cannot hope to
capture these markets in the face of
British, French, Italian and German
competition, (to quote Vice-pres. Fred.
I. Kent, Bankers Trust Co. of New
York), on the basis of the present
cost of production. He wants lower
■ i
Miner’s Rogues Gallery
MIDDLEGROVE, 111.—For taking
mine cars Intended for his fellow
union miners and for loading cars
with dirt and putting coal on top—to
ithe detriment of his fellows—Joe Gas
jarovich has been expelled from the
miners’ union for 99 years. Local 2840,
United Mine Workers, which expelled
him, describes him as 28 years old,
5 ft. 10 in. high, 165 lbs., brown hair
and blue eyes, Croatian who can talk
good English.
Barbara and Carmen Win Raise
EAST ST. LOUIS, lll.,—Union
barbers here have won their strike,
called a week ago, for an increase of
wages. Thirteen shops were affected.
The union won its demands in full,
and hereafter the men will receive 70
percent of receipts Instead of the
former 65 percent. Efforts to replace
the strikers failed.
• • •
Union streetcarmen employed by
East St. Louis Suburban Railways
and subsidiary lines, have voted to ac
cept a wage increase of 2 1-2 cents
and 3 cents an hour offered by the
company. The new scale la 47 l-2c
an hour for men in service 21 months
or less and 59 cents an hour there
How many of your shop-mates raad
them to aubserlba today.
Producing Theatre
Managers Scrap Over
Equity Recognition
(Special to The Daily Worker)
NEW YORK.—The anticipated split
in the Producing Managers’ associa
tion has occurred, and the bosses’
hope for victory in a proposed June 1
lockout against the actors’ Union has
gone glimmering. The Shubert-Sel
wyn group, controlling 74 per cent of
current theatrical productions, have
replied to the P. M. A. anti-union
stand by forming the Managers’ Pro
tective association, pledged to sign
the new contract with the Actors’
Equity association, American Federa
tion of Labor.
The union haters, who control 18
theaters in New York, against 45 con
trolled by the pro-union group, say
they will stage the lockout on the is
sue of an Equity shop. There is apt
to be a fight between the two groups
for the SIOO,OOO in the P. M. A. treas
ury, raised by weekly assessments on
the managers to fight possible strikes.
The new peace pact protects the Fi
delity league (a small company
union), which has been covered in all
the negotiations with Equity.
Teachers* Union
Making Drive In
Eastern States
NEW YORK, May 12.—According
to a statement issued by the secretary
of the Eastern States Federation of
Teachers, an educational campaign is
now under way among non-union
teachers’ organizations thruout the
east. Literature from the national of
fice of the American Federation of
Teachers, as well as illustrative ma
terial from active teachers’ union lo
cals, has been sent out. It is expect
ed that there will be a considerable
revival of interest in the teachers’
union movement thruout the eastern
states as a result of this campaign.
Local unions, as well as individual
members of the American Federation
of Teachers, can help in this cam
paign, by getting in touch with ad
jacent teachers’ organizations, send
ing them union literature and, if pos
sible, union speakers. Literature may
be obtained from the office of the
American Federation of Teachers, 327
South LaSalle street, Chicago, or the
Eastern States federation, 70 Fifth
avenue. New York city.
IK Live Young Militant (Man or Woman) to fill an important
position in a radical organization. Must be an experienced
An excellent opportunity to perform most necessary work
for the militant movement and an extremely interesting job
awaits the one who can qualify.
State qualifications and give your labor movement connec
tions in first letter.
Write BOX B, No. 1, care THE DAILY WORKER.
J. R. Schmidt & Sons
Dealers In
Paints, Radio Supplies, Screen Wire, Fencing,
Garden Tools and Seeds
10407 Michigan Ave. Phone Pullman 4213
11138 S. Michigan Ave.
Roseland, 111.
; Shoes for men, women and children manufactured by the '
Bridgewater Workers' Co-Operative Assn. \
Tuesday, May 13, 1924
750 Slaughtered In 3
Months In U. S.
(Special to The Dally Worker)
WASHINGTON, May 12.—President | j
which are largely preventable caused h
the death of 339 coal miners during
March, according to the monthly re
port of the U. S. bureau of mines. This II
brings the total killed for the first
quarter of the year to 750 in contrast ;
with 692 killed during the same perf d '
of 1923. L
Coal dust explosions accounted "r ,
196 out of the total killed in M 'tih
and 286 of the total during theTfjtst
three months of the year. During the
same period a year ago 164 miners f
were killed by such explosions.
The death rate per million tons
mined rose sharply from 4.19 during
the first quarter of 1923 to 4.68 during
the same period of 1924. The number
of miners killed by gas and coal dust
explosions per million tons nearly
doubled, rising from .994 in 1923 to
1.786 in 1924.
Action to lower the present high
death rate in the coal mines of the
country was urged in the house of
representatives by Robinson of Ken
tucky, chairman of the House commit
tee on mines and mining. He called
attention to the major disasters in the
last 9 months. Os the eight which oc
curred in that period, he said, all but
one were due to coal dust explosions.
He referred to the recommendations
of the U. S. bureau of mines that all
dusty mines should be “stone dusted”
and suggested that Congress provide
more funds for the bureau.
Capitalist Reporter
Admits ‘Citizens* Driven
From Moscow Thievery
NEW YORK.— The New Yoiif
Times publishes the following Thun
Walter Duranty, its Moscow corres
pondent: "It is true that many ap
parently prosperous citizens have
been expelled from the capital (Mos
cow) in the past two months, but in
vestigation shows that, with extreme
ly rare exceptions the said citizens
were either frankly parasites, gam
blers, bootleggers and worse, or mid
dlemen and agents of government trust
who made illicit profits but couldn’t
be convicted of definite crimes. In
the case of foreigners one generally
finds that either the aggrieved firms
were not really reputable, were trying
to obtain advantages not specified in
their agreements or that their agents
here acted in a tactless or unscrupu
lous manner.”

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