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DEPORTATION OF RADICAL, FIRST WORKJJF STONE Exiled Russian Leaves Family Destitute (By The Federated Prase) DETROIT, June 4.—Nicolai Manse vlch Detroit Russian, for 10 years an employe of the Ford Motor Company, has at last been deported to Orodno, Poland, formerly in Russia. Now after three years one of the most bitter, vicious and cynical cases of federal espionage and framed up repression on record is at an end, as far as the government is concerned. But it is not really at an end. When he went unwillingly away with a borrowed MO t 0 surrender to Ellis island, Mansevich left behind him in Detroit three little American born girls, Anna, Mary and Jenny, and a wife who is to give birth to another child next fall. Leaves Family Destitute. The family is destitute. More than a year ago he surrendered at Ellis island for deportation and an equity in another house had to be sold at that time. Until he returned, on sin appeal in his behalf to the supreme court, Mrs. Mansevich and three chil dren were at the slender, not tender, mercies of the department of welfare. The physical condition of the moth er would not permit her to work to support herself and the children even if she could leave them during the day to take a job. There is nothing in sight for them but to become pub lic charges. D. of J. Frame-up. Mansevich was arrested in 1921. Two agents of the bureau of investigation of the department of justice followed a bundle of anarchist papers from the American Railway Express to his hpme. The department of justice, ar riving just as the bundle arrived, saw Mrs. Mansevich accept it and then dragged Mansevich from his machine at the Ford Motor Company to jail. A statement in which he was made to appear as advocating "killing public officials’’ was prepared for him *to sign before he had counsel. He was recommended for deportation by the local immigration before his friends knew he was in custody. Immigration Chief Hostile. Petitions were sent to Washington bearing the names of school teachers, bishops, judges, liberals and Federa tion of Labor executives. The case resolved itself into a struggle on the part of spies and immigration inspec tors to maintain wartime power. If ■Joseph Apelman, one of the arresting officers, a former Socialist party or ganizer and wartime stool pigeon, or P. L. Prentis, now chief of the Detroit immigration district, had been apo plectic, each would have died of rage and alarm. The faces of both turned purple on numerous occasions of pro test. Stone Refused to Act. Workers who expect Harlan F. Stone, the new attorney, general, to aid them can learn something from the Mansevich case. Stone took of fice only a few weeks before Manse vlch’s sentence was finally carried out. But there was still time after he was settled in Harry M. Daugherty's swivel chair for Detroit men and wo men to see that he reviewed the case thoroly. Women representing the De troit committee of the American Civil Liberties union called at Stone’s of fice with newspaper clippings, peti tions and personal pleas. They also obtained an interview with President Coolidge. Stone's answer was that however regrettable the situation, it was not within the province of the attorney general to interfere. Mrs. Mansevich is a good mother and a good housekeeper, who soon will have no house to keep. E. W, RIECK LUNCH ROOMS Seven Places 62 W. Van Buren | 42 W. Harrison 169 N. Clark | 118 S. Clark 66 W. Washington I 167 N. State 234 S. Halsted PHONES. HARRISON 8618-7 Specialties: E. W. Rieck’s Boston Baked Beans and Brown Bread Fine Soups snd Fresh Mads Coffee Commissary and Bakery: 1612 Fulton St. Phone West 2549 fsOVIET RUSSIA JUNE ISSUE NOW ON SALE! Includes “THE PIONEERS IN RUSSIA"—by Sadie Amter The story of a great proletarian organization of 200,000 children ARTICLES AND PHOTOGRAPHS of Women, Art, Trade Unions and the latest developments In the world’s first workers’ republic. Including A full page souvenir picture of M. Kalenin, Chairman of the All-Russian Executive Committee. subscription: $2.00 a year SI.OO six months SOVIET RUSSIA PICTORIAL 19 S. Lincoln Street, Chicago, 111. blame: ......1....,..,.......... Street and No.: - City: State: D. 1 '■ "■ ■" 1 *' THE VIEWS OF OUR READERS ON LIFE, LABOR, INDUSTRY, POLITICS . / To the DAILY WORKER: Just a few lines to let you know that we have received a bundle of the DAILY WORKER. I could scarcely believe after a short period of two years since I left that country that the workers there would make such wonderful strides as to publish and maintain an inter national papers such as the DAILY WORKER. I assure you there never was a paper published anywhere that had a staff of writers that could com pare with the DAILY WORKER. And I want to say that we are all mighty proud of you all. Comrades, we are living in a won derful age. Things are moving fast. I was born in America some 48 years ago. My father, grand-father and great-grand-father were also born here. We were all workers so we should know something of America under capitalism. Soviets Right for All. My knowledge that I have gained here in the last two years has taught me that the proper system of so ciety has been born here. When I came here the Russian people were just coming out from under the ter rible load that they had been carry ing for some years in the way of war, revolution, counter-revolution, blockades, and worst of all the terri ble famine. They were wrecked phy sically from starvation, had scarcely any clothes. Their homes were de stroyed in many cases. Their most important factories were ruined. I can’t conceive of people being at a lower ebb and yet they have come out from under all of this and are the happiest people that could be found anywhere in the world. Win Over All Obstacles. After a brief period of two years they are well-fed, well-clothed, and their homes have improved one hun dred per cent. There is no capitalist government on earth where their people could be plunged down to such a low ebb as were the Russian people and rise to the point where the Rus sian people stand today under the guiding hands of the Soviets. Yours for the United States of Soviets. —Andrew J. Woomer, Kemer ovo Kuznetz Basin, Siberia. K. K. K. IS FASCISM MENACE. To the DAILY WORKER—The ac tion of the U. M. W. convention in expelling the K. K. K.’s from the organization is one of the most com mendable things that they did. We must not undervalue that incident, but we must rather bring it to the at- Young Worker* Busily Organizing New Branches NEW YORK, June 4.—The New district of the Young Workers league has added another branch, an English branch, in Hartford, Conn. The Dis trict, tho organized only a short time, has already organized branches in Passaic, Trenton and Hartford, and is in the process of organizing branch es in W. New York, N. Y, Jersey 'City, N. J., and an English branch in Pas saic, N. J. In addition the District has to its credit the organizing of four new branches in the city of New York. Comrade Jack Stachel, district or ganizer, addressed a meeting of about a hundred in Hartford on “The Ameri can Labor Movement and the Role of Young Workers.” The meeting was attended by adult workers as well as young workers and almost all of the young workers, about twenty in number, joined the League after the lecture. Comrade I. Rosenblatt of Hartford, was largely instrumental in helping to organize this branch, and will be one of the most active members in it. Good work is expected from the Hartford comrades. PITTSBURGH, PA. DR. RASNICK DENTIST Rendering Expert Dental Serviee for 20 Yeare 646 SMITHFIKLD ST.. Near 7th Ave. I 1817 CENTER AVE., Cor. Arthur SL tention of that section of the working class that is organized in the trade unions and point out to them how Fascism in every country takes on the same form. We must point out to them how in Italy the Fascistl went into the trade unions, captured them, and thereby broke the resistance of the organized trade unions, and how similarly in this country the K. K. K. has tried to get in the U. M. W. and that they will probably try to get into other unions. Further, we must point out that it isn’t sufficient to wait until the K. K. K. tries to get into the unions, but that the unions should now take a stand against that organized reaction and thereby help to check the growth and Influence of the klan. There is no doubt that the K. K. K. will try to penetrate some of the unions, and it is important that the left bloc in the trade unions and the progressives be on the watch against any such attempt, and as soon as they notice something that steps be taken to remedy the danger.—Com radely, C. Miller. Beware of Scab Bread. To the DAILY WORKER: There is a strike going on in some of the baker shops on the northwest side, in the neighborhood of Humboldt Park. The people don’t know much about it, as the stores in connection with the shops are selling bread and no pickets are there to call attention to the strike. Only because the sales lady demanded more money for bread and explained the reason, the strike, —did I find out about it. Then I no ticed that there was no union label on the bread and I refused to trade there any more. Why doesn’t the bakers’ union ad vertise its label in the DAILY WORK ER telling the thousands of its read ers to watch for the union label and refuse scab bread? Thousands of peo ple are buying scab bread without suspecting it, as I have been doing it probably for a few days. • Call the attention of the workers to the strike and show them the genuine bakers’ union label, if you expect co operation from the workers, and if you expect to win the strike. —Mrs. g. . WANTS ZOLA’S “WORK” RUN. To the DAILY WORKER—WouId it be possible to publish the book, “Work,” by the famous French writ er, Emile Zola? I have read many of his books, and I believe that this one is the most interesting and educating of his works. —A. Espointour, Morton Grove, 111. Send in that Subscription Today. ALL TO THE AID OF THE STRIKING GERMAN MINERS IN THE RUHR To the Workers of the World: The strike of the minera, which broke out in Germany shows how great and inexhaustable are the energies of the erman proletariat. The German miners are forced to struggle under the most difficult conditions and the double yoke of German capital and French bayo nets.. Nevertheless, the miners came in the defense of their rights, won after bitter struggle, against their enslavement by Franco-Ger man capital. Should the German bourgeoisie, which is preparing the ground for the enforcement of the decisions of the Committee of Ex • perts, at the expense of the work ing class, be successful, it would mean the automatic worsening of the conditions of the miners of all countries, and the other categories of labor would soon have to follow suit. No working man, no toiler, can stand aside at this gigantic struggle. The cause of the German minera is the cause of the interna tional proletariat. The Communist International and the Red Interna tional of Labor Unions urgently ap peal to the workers of all coun tries: Come to the aid of the German miners! Do not allow the importation of coal from other countries to break the strike! Make collections for the strikers and their families! Do your utmost to resist unitedly the heavy German industries, sup ported by the French bayonets. There must be no passive or neutral observers amongst labor in this struggle. Each must actively help the German miners if there is an ounee of proletarian solidarity and the least understanding of their o>4n interests among them. All to the aid of the German miners! Long live the miners of Germany! Long live the united labor front in the struggle against the bour geoisie! Executive Committee of the Communist International. Executive Bureau of the R. I. L. U. Moscow, Map 14, 1923. More Manganese Found. MOSCOW, June 4.—The Chief Min ing Administration has received in formation from Sebastopol that con siderable new deposits I have been Crimea. S * i THE DAILY WORKER RUSSO-CHINESE PACT HAILED BY SOVIEJ CHIEFS Boosts Russian Prestige in Orient MOSCOW, June 4.—The Soviet capi tal is jubilant over the Sino-Russian agreement. Officials consider it strik ing evidence of the increasing prestige of the Workers Republic in the Orient and a proportionate decrease in the power of the capitalist powers to frighten China into obeying their dic tates. The awakening of Asia into self reliance and opposition to the robber policies of the capitalist nations is one of the major planks in the foreign pro gram of the Soviet Republic. The Chinese agreement is considered a step in this direction. Russia is as suming more and more the status of a big brother to the exploited nations of the East and this pre-eminence in the orient cannot fail to affect the European powers in a manner bene ficial to Soviet interests. The capitalist nations’ devious diplomacy was considered the only policy to adopt in treating with China. The Soviet government on the other hand was open and above board and it did not take China very long to realize this fact. Georges Chicherin hails the new relations between China and Russia as a happy augury for future mutually helpful relations. Trdtsky is of the opinion that Japan is threatened with revolution and the Koreans in ever in creasing numbers are accepting the Communist philosophy. While the complete terms of the agreement have not been made public it is believed that Russia repudiates all extra-territorial rights and territo rial concessions held by other nations. Russians and Chinese are equally anxious to oust the French robbers who now control the Chinese Eastern railway. Send in that Subscription Today. • Workers’ Education and Athletics Run by Austrian Unions (By The Federated Press) VIENNA, June 4. —Not only are the Austrian workers active in voluntary work in the trade unions, political as sociations and co-operative societies, but they have also greatly developed their interest in sports, education and gardening. In sport, two forms popular in Aus tria are mountaineering and football. There is an organization of worker tourists known as the Friends of Nature which has 78,000 members in Austria. Every local branch ar ranges weekly excursions on Saturday afternoon and Sunday. The popular ity of football has increased enor mously in recent years. Three hun dred workers’ football clubs have formed a league. The small garden movement has also increased greatly. There are at present about 300 allotment societies, with 80.000 members, each of whom does an average of 500 hours of work a year on his allotment. In education, the Labor Party’s cen tral educational institute controls the majority of the educational institutes for the workers, and is responsible for organizing evening schools, lec tures. and classes in public speaking and literary work. The number of books lent by the workers’ libraries in Vienna has almost doubled since the war. Send in that Subscription Today. Bohemian Workers Want to Form W. P.. Cleveland Branch CLEVELAND, 0., June 4.—Czecho slovak Communists who held such a rousing meeting in Komensky hall re cently, are trying to get in touch with all Bohemian workers in this city to organize a Bohemian branch of the Workers’ Party. South Slavonians and all others interested are urged to communicate at once with Anthony Halamek, 3392 E. Sixty-sixth St., Cleveland, so that they may be noti fied of further meetings. The weekly yellow Socialist Bohe mian sheet, “Delnickp Llsty,” is little else than a bourgeois reform paper and misleads workers in the ways of Josef Martinek, Czecho-Slovak be trayer. Russia to Exhibit Goods. MOSCOW, June 4.—The People’s Commissariat of Foreign Trade pro poses to arrange for the participation of Soviet economic orgaiiizatlons in the fairs and exhibitions held in the Baltic states byway of sending mus ters of Soviet export goods. A special commission for this purpose has been established In Moscow. Plan Russian Radium Ressarch. MOSCOW, June 4.—The Radium In stitute has submitted to the state planning commission at the Council of Labor and Defense, for approval, a plan of research In new fields of ra ■ dlum ores in the Trans-Baikal and -south Ural regions. i . •snd In that Subscription Today! PROCEEDS OF AMERICAN LEGION AND CATHOLIC CHARITY DRIVES ENTIRELY SPENT ON SALARIES MILWAUKEE, June 3.—Close on the heels of tho Centralis legionnaire memorial drive, in which all of the $116,500 collected was spent on salaries and expenses, comes the revelation of the high cost of promoting a Catholic hospital drive in Milwaukee. While the dead Legion rioters In Washington state are still without their monument, suffering patients waiting their turn in the Misericordia hospital here are disappointed by failure to raise the $300,000 needed for completing the institution. The drive promoter, Carl Collier, has been fired by the Sis ters of Misericordia. They had agreed to pay him $23,000 for putting on the drive, of which SB,OOO was to be for his expenses. Only $50,000 was collected after 12 weeks’ preliminary work. Church officials are continuing the campaign. / Party Activities Os Local Chicago L. . Regular Branch Meetings. THURSDAY, JUNE 5. South Side English Branch, Community House, 3201 W. Wabash Avenue. South Slav No. 1, at 1126 W. 18th Street. Comrade Jack McCarthy will speak on “DAILY WORKER Campaign and Industrial Work.” Italian 31st Ward, 611 N. Sangamon Street. Comrade Ernst Ettllnger will speak on “Industrial and Trade Union Work.” Russian Branch, 1902 W. Division Street. Comrade Walter Carmon, secre tary of the T. U. E. L. will take up the Trade Union and Industrial work. FRIDAY, JUNE 6. Lith. Branch, No. 1, 4138 Archer Avenue. Qreek Branch, 722 Blue Island Avenue. Comrade G. Giganti will speak on "In dustrial Activity and the DAILY WORK ER Campaign.” Polish Branch, No. 20, 1902 W. Division Street. The third annual picnic of the Workers party, Local Chicago, will be held Friday, July 4, at Stickney Park Grove. A very elaborate program has been arranged, consisting of speakers, of whom Comrades James P. Cannon, assistant executive secretary of the Workers party, will be the main speaker: dancing, music, games, re freshments, etc. To get there, take any car to end of the 22nd St. line. Then take a Lyons- Berwyn car to Stickney Park Grove. Admission is 35 cents and 60 cents at the gate. GET YOUR TICKETS IN ADVANCE. Send in that Subscription Today. Negro and White Worker* Urged to Fight Common Foe (By The Federated Preee) NEW YORK, June 4.—Radical se gregation in the case of the Negro is partly a device of'<4he capitalist class to keep white workers and black workers fighting each other instead of combining against their common enemy. This is the conclusion of A. Philip Randolph, editor of The Mes senger, writing in that Negro monthly. He says: / “If the great laboring masses of people, black and white, are kept for eyer snarling over the question as to who is superior or inferior, they will never combine or they will take a long time to combine for the achievement of a common benefit: more wages, a shorter work-day and better working conditions. Combina tion between black and white work ing people in the South would mean the loss of millions in profits to rail roads, cotton magnates, lumber barons and bankers. “White railroad workers fear the Negro as a strikebreaker, but still refuse to take him into their unions because of the social pressure that decrees that Negroes are inferior to white men, and hence should be re ligiously denied contact.” Auto Industrie* Lapse; Michigan Worker* Laid Off BATTLE CREEK, Mich., June Unemployment is rampant in the auto mobile industry; old hands are being checked out every day, and no new ones taken in. Wages are cut to the bone without reslstence on the part of the proletariat. Household furni ture sales abound; ouster cases mul tiply; families are set out into the street or go out, and the flux to Cali fornia roars on a pace. Flint, let out 1500 men in the middle of winter; then let out some more later on. Detroit is dead in the ship yards; slow elsewhere. Kalamazoo, Marshall, Jaskson, and all the mid dling sized cities are checking them out; and Grand Rapids feels the pinch. The farmers are leaving their farms; they can’t farming pay. Yet prices of foods soar skywards; coal and articles of the trusts and monopolies touch the ceiling. The only hopeful sign is the Farm er-Labor machine, which is beginning to penetrate the masses. Bend In that Subscription Today! Laundry Workers’ Union. SAN FRANCISCO—Eight laundries have agreed to a $2 a week raise to members of the Laundry Workers’ union. The .workers asked for raises to bring their wages to a scale rang ing from $19.50 to $33.75. Pick Mondell as Chairman. CLEVELAND, Ohio, June 4.—Con gressman F. W. Mondell, of Wyoming, progressive, will be permanent chair man of the Republican national con vention. WORKERS PAY IN CODFISH STATE NOT GENEROUS Women Average Less Than $lB a Week In no industry outside of printing and publishing did Massachusetts women workers average as high as $lB a week during April, 1924, accord ing to the monthly wage statistics of Massachusetts labor department. Ten industries reported average women’s wages below sls a week. The average for women in all industries was $15.72. This represents a decrease of 2% per cent compared with March and 8% per cent compared with Feb ruary. The average wage paid male work ers during April was $28.37, a gain of 1 per cent over March. But this was due almost entirely to gains In bak eries, furniture factories, book and job printing establishments and silk factories. In silk the increase ap pears due to heavy reductions in force which left higher paid workers ,on the job. In the great majority of Industries average weekly earnings fell off materially. Average weekly earnings in the leading industries of the state are shown in the April report: boots and shoes, male $25.27, female $16.04; bak ery products, male $27.28, female $12.77; men’s clothing, male $30.79, female $15.69; cotton goods, male $19.32, female $14.29;' electric ma chinery and supplies, male $29.13, fe male $17.79; machine Bhops, male $29.00, female $17.43; paper and pulp, male $28.57, female $16.77; rubber goods, male $25.30, female $14.39; woolen worsteds goods, male $26.33, female $16.84. If Massachusetts workers averaged 90 per cent of a full working year, which would be doing very well for in dustrial employment, average earn ings for a year would be less than $1,350 in the case of male workers and less than $750 in the case of fe male workers. Phone Spaulding ASHER B. PORTNOY A CO. Paintara and Dacoratora PAINTKRS’ SUPPLIES Estimates on New and Old Work 2619 MILWAUKEE AVE.. CHICAGO Established 1899 JOHN B. HESSLER SHOES FOR MEN, WOMEN A CHILDREN 2720 North Ave. CHICAGO I RUBBER STUMPS f and Seals : IN ENGLISH AND IN FOREIGN LANGUAGES INK. TADS. DATERS. RUBBER TYPE.Eie. NOBLER STAMP & SEAL CO, W.YanßurenSt. TC Phone Wabash 6680 YPKI CHICAGO MAIL ORDERS PROMPTLY 4-. I m ATTKNDKD TO “DAILY WORKER” MAGAZINE SECTION ' Next Issue, Saturday, June 7 Will contain among other articles the following: “MAY DAY IN MOSCOW,” Impression by M. J. Olgin "WHAT’S THE MATTER WITH OUR SCHOOLS?” By Anna Mae Brady “COMMUNISM IN INDIA,” By M. N. Ray A Review of Losovsky’s Latest Book, “THE WORLD’S TRADE UNION MOVEMENT," By Frank Evan* "THE VANISHING LAFOLLETTE ILLUSION,” By Alexander Bittelman FOR A ROYAL GOOD TIME COME TO THE JOINT Entertainment and Dance OF THE W. P. of A. Y. W. L. Workers Party of America Young Workers League Saturday Eve., June 7, 1924 FREIE GEMEINDE “HALL Corner Eighth and Walnut Streets Tickets 35c. Doors Open 7:30. Music by Blink's Orchestra. MILWAUKEE READERS, ATTENTION! Thursday, June 5, 1924 FRENCH SOCIETY COVETS RUSSIAN SINGER’S CELLARI Voice is Pleasing Bat Manners Punk PARIS, June 4.—Fedor the great Russian singer, is not poffti lar in Paris society tho his concert* are attracting crowded houses. It* ostensible reason given for his in*> popularity is the famous baritone 1 * aversion to entertain, tho his celleC is reported to be well stocked wiR the choicest of wines. It is assumed, however, that MS Soviet sympathies figure largely to* the campaign of social ostracism waged against him by the parasite* who long for the return of the day* of the czar when Russian nobles eb tertained lavishly on money borrowsiS j from European bankers who in taat|J took it out of the hides of the working f class of Russia and their own I tries. Paris is in the midst of a muetog* carnival. Besides the Opera Comtqugg the French capital is now supporting the Vienna opera and several inteiß national known concert orchestras. The falling franc is not causing any let-up in the musical activities of this city. Tho the franc now tern changes for five cents and Presides* Mlllerand may be obliged to resign, as a result of the Poincare defeat in the recent elections, the music halls are crowded and Chaliapin is gqgfs, anteed 60,000 francs a night in ad*fc tion to 50 per cent of the proceeds. Kouseevitsky, the Polish conducts* who was to wield the baton on Chelfe. pin’s opening night, has backed out at the last moment on the plea of having a sore finger. Others belter* he has a sore head on account of Bcp land’s antipathy to Russia. Send In that Subscription Today! Radio Technique Exhibition for Russia in Auguat (Rosta News Agency.) MOSCOW, June 4. —A radio-ted* nical exhibition is being organized gt Moscow, in which there will partiefc pate, besides Soviet firms and lnstttu* tions, German and other foreign firm* connected with radio-technique. Hu exhibition will show the historical *e» ord of radio-technique, the conditioa of this branch in the union of Sovlef republics, the latest both in the professional and amateur fields. It is proposed to open the exlilbitle* at the beginning of next August. > 1 rear Are you self-conscious about the impression you make on people? PERSONAL appearance has a lot to do with the way you feel. Clothes count, of course. But still there is one thing so many people overlook —something that at once brands them as either fastidious or careless —the teeth. Notice today how you, yourself, watch another person’s teeth when he or she is talking. If the teeth are not well kept they at once become a liability. tuliHu Teeth Pont cleani teeth a new way. A t tael ear chemtiti have dieceeered a yellihini ingredient that really cleant with out scratching the enamel—a dijicutl prehlem finally telved. A large tube of Listerine Tooth Paste is only 25 cents; at your drug gist’s.—Lambert PharmocalCo., Saint Louis, U. S. A.