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PLAY POLITICS TOO MUCH FOR PUBLIUEALTH Medi co s’ Convention Denounces Glands Only one doctor to care for every nine thousand children in the public schools, is the startling record estab lished by New York State, according to charts displayed by the Bureau of Health and Public Instruction of the American Medical Association at the Municipal Pier. “And it is generally the less effi cient doctors who are in charge of public health," said David W. Hensink veld, in charge of the exhibit. “Pub lic service, under the present system, is not made attractive to men of ability.” The same general inertia is respon sible for the lack of adequate public hospital facilities, Mr. Hensinkveld claims. In five states there is not a single city which has a free hospital; 1,454 counties are without hospitals. “The prevalence of politics in mat ters pertaining to public health makes efficient administration of sanitary laws an impossibility,” said W. S. Rankin, of North Carolina, in a speech before the Section on Preventive and Industrial Medicine and Public Health yesterday. “Every measure for public health that has been put thru has succeeded only after a bitter fight.” Overwork Kills Most. Doctors in charge of bureaus of child welfare agreed in denouncing the negligence of the modern school in matters of health. Unhealthy work ing conditions in factories and stores, where light and ventilation are poor and where working conditions cause a great general strain, were shown to have an effect on public welfare which is greatest among the poor, unable to escape from the slavery where such conditions are imposed. “Heart-strain, caused by overwork, is the indirect cause of heart disease, and the percentages of deaths from heart disease is highest among all the possible causes of death,” said Dr. Alexander Lambert, heart specialist. Brings in Frank Murder. In the murder of a fourteen-year old boy by Nathan Leopold and Richard Loeb, Dr. Allen sees evidence of the demoralising effects of the modern system of class divisions. "Extreme <povery and great wealth are alike potent in the production of criminals,” he stated. T eachers Won’t Stand for Ten Extra Day*’ Labor (By The Federated Press) NEW YORK, June 15.—The Teach ers’ union of New York city, affiliated with the American Federation of La bor, has renewed its fight against the board of education’s ruling to close the schools on Monday, June 30th. The union, which insists on Friday, June 27th as the closing date, says that 190 days of school are scheduled when only 180 are required. OUR DAILY PATTERNS A Pretty Sports' Frock. 4770. Figured crepe la red and black is here combined with black satin. This is a good style for alpaca, moire, ratine and linen. The sleeve may be made in wrist length, or short without the peasant portion. The pattern Is cut In three sizes: 16, 18 and 20 years. An 18-lnch size re quires 4% yards of 32-inch material. For facing on yoke, skirt and girdle of contrasting material 1% yard 40 in ches wide Is required. Without long sleeve portions >4 yard less material is required. Pattern mailed to any address on re ceipt of 12c in silver or stamps. Send 12c in silver or stamps for our up-to-date spring and summer 1924 Book of Fashions. Address: The Dally Worker, 1113 W. Washington Blvd., Chicago, 111. / -V Party Activities Os Local Chicago L. ■ ■» ■« Karl Reeve Who Exposed Electric Trust Will Speak Tonight The North Side branch es the Worit ers party, tonight at 8:15, holds a meeting of special interest to every worker in the city. Karl Reeve of the DAILY WORK ER staff, whose expose of the West ern Electric company methods has created so much interest, will speak on “Republicans, LaFollette and the Communists.” This lecflire will be of special and timely interest, in view of the current events in our political life that for some time to come will receive ever increasing attention. The lecture will be followed by questions and the usual live discus sion that has made the North Side branch a meeting place for all work ers taking an intelligent interest in the events affecting our daily life. The lecture will take place at Im perial hall, 2409 North Halsted St., and will be supplemented by other features that have added to the suc cess of this branch. City Central Committee Meeting. The next meeting of the C. C. C. will be on Tuesday, June 17, 8 p. m., at 2733 Hirsch Blvd. At this meeting J. W. Johnstone will speak on "Workers Party on the Industrial Front,” and Comrade M. Kalousek will report on "The Crisis in the Czecho-Slovak Federation.” Meetings open to visitors. The third annual picnic of the Workers party, Local Chicago, will be held Friday, July 4, at Stickney Park Grove. A very elaborate program has been arranged, consisting of speakers, of whom Comrades James P. Cannon, assistant executive secretary of the Workers party, will be the main speaker; dancing, music, games, re freshments, etc. To get there, take any car to end of the 22nd St. line. Then take a Lyons- Berwyn car to Stickney Park Grove. Admission is 35 cents and 60 cents at the gate. GET YOUR TICKETS IN ADVANCE. j NEW YORK HAS MORE CHANGES TO SEE FILM “RUSSIA AND6ERMANY” NEW YORK, June 15.—The new Soviet film, “Rusela-Qermany,” which has been shown with great success twice before, will be again shown on June 18, 19 and 20 in the East Side Open Forum, 9 Second Ave., corner Houston St. The film is being shown under the auspices of the International Work ers’ Aid. Only one performance will be given each evening at 8:30. All workers who did not see the film will want to avail themselves of this opportunity. Qb93' L A Dainty Frock for a Little Tot. 4693. Batiste China silk, crepe or pongee could be used for this design. If preferred the fullness allowed for tucks may be gathered. The pattern is cut in sizes 1,2, 3 and 6 years. A 2-year size requires 1% yard of 27-inch material. Pattern mailed to any address on receipt of 12c in silver or stamps. Send 12c in silver or stamps for our up-to-date spring and summer 1924 Book of Fashions. Address: The Dally Worker, 1113 W. Washington Blvd., Chicago, 111. NOTICE TO PATTERN BUYERS—'The pattern!* being Hold thru the DAILY WORKER pattern department are fur* nlehed by a New York Arm of pattern manufacturer*. Order* are forwarded by the DAILY WORKER every day a* re ceived, and they are mailed by the man ufacturer direct to the customer. The DAILY WORKER doe* not keep a stock of patterns on hand. Delivery of pat tern* ordinarily will take at least 10 day* from the date of mailing the order. £>o not become Impatient If your pattern 1* not received by return mall. Absoluts Psciflsts in Englsnd. BIRMINGHAM, Eng. Swooping condemnation of all war— defensive war not excepted—ls the verdict of the Conference on Christian Politics, Economics and Citizenship, held in Birmingham. Preparations for the conference oonsumed several years. myAwkek CONDUCTED - Talking about open air meetings, the newly organized Rykov branch la sure setting the pace tor the other branches. In the last two weeks we have had three open air meetings which were successful. The soap box meetings are held on St. Louis Ave. and Roosevelt rd., now christened "Karl Marx Square” because of the large number of radical meetings held there. Here are the meetings in de tail: Meeting No. 1. The meeting started rather late. Nevertheless we had a crowd of one hundred. Forty-five copies of the Young Worker were sold. Questions were asked and the meeting broke up at 12. This meeting was held on Thursday, May 30. Meeting No. 2. We had an increase of 50. The sub ject was “The Past War.” The crowd learned a few things and many ques tions were asked. Over 55 Young Workers were sold. They were prom ised another speaker and were told to come again the next Tuesday. This was held on Tuesday, June 3. Wonder Film of “Russia-Germany” to Show in Toledo TOLEDO, Ohio, June 15.—Toledo workers and their wives will have the opportunity of seeing the great film entitled, “Russia and Germany, A Tale of Two Republics.” This picture, which took six months to film, will be shown at the Pastime Theatre, 1418 Cherry street, one block from the Ter minal Auditorium. The date is Tues day, June 17, from 7 to 11 continuous. This picture will show for one night only and only a limited amount of tickets are for sale. Tickets for this wonder show can be secured at 131 Michigan street, Workers’ Book Shop, any evening. The picture has been a tremendous success wherever shown and workers who failed to see it, regret their ne glect. Far North Fishing, Fur Resources, to be Exploited by Russians (Rosta News.) Chita, May 10.—(By Mail.)—Tho ttm Far Eastern economic board has approved the new Kamtchatsko-Ok hotsk Fishing Company, Ltd. The principal shareholders are the Dolgos tork (Far Eastern trade department), the Far Eastern "Centrosoyuz” and the State Fishing Trust. The company has the right to ex ploit the fur riches and all the fishing resources in Kamtochatka. It has un dertaken to supply the population of Kamtchatka with provisions during the current year. Indians to Have Hospitals. WASHINGTON, June 16. —Two new hospitals are to be opened up next month by the government for the care and treatment of Indians. One of them will be a tuberculosis sanato rium located at Onigum, Minn., and the other will be a general hospital situated at Shawnee, Okla. THE VIEWS OF OUR READERS ON LIFE, LABOR, INDUSTRY, POLITICS •- - j Daily Worker a Leader. To the DAILY WORKER: I have been a reader of the DAILY WORK ER for the past six months and I wish to say that I have never read a paper that I enjoyed so thoroly. I have always been a radical. I never knew what kind, until one day a fellow worker handed me the DAILY WORKER. Like Editorials. Aside from Its wonderfully-written news columns, I like its editorials best. I can hardly wait to scan!' thru the paper to get to them, real, live opinions. By, I presume, real, live men. . . . Its influence at the present time is very powerful—thanks to the dis eased condition of the body politic at Washington. Nearly all workers are dissatisfied at the present time. All they need is a leader and the DAILY WORKER is an able, Influen tial and courageous one, who will bring them out of the jUrk and put them where they belong. On to St. Paul. Here’s hoping the best of success for the convention at St. Raul on June 17th. Keep up the good work, the end will soon be here for capi talism. More power to the DAILY WORKER. Long may it live.— Joe Wolf. To the DAILY WORKER: The Ku Klux Klan paper, "The Illinois Fiery Cross," in its last four issues states that at the meetings of the dangerous "reds," Negroes and Whites sit by each other. Horrors! What a crime! THE DAILY WORKER Meeting No. 3. This meeting was a still greater success. Comrade Max Schactman spoke. There was a crowd close to 300. The subject was “The Next War.” The results were shown by the questions that were asked and the discussion, which alone lasted for an hour and one-half. The speaker spoke for one hour. There were some hot arguments with some yellow So cialists, who insisted that Russia had not treated the counter-revolutionist in the right way. All of our Young Workers were sold. The meeting closed at 11. We advise other branches in this vicinity to start open air meetings im mediately. If such a young branch as the Rykov can hold successful meet ings, surely the older branches can do the same. The crowd in this vicinity was waiting for the speaker at 8 p. m. It is a very good way to get rid of your literature and to start agitation. The Rykov branch is holding open air meetings every week. Come now, every one start your open air meet ings and help spread Communism. — Albert Gloter, organizer of the Rykov branch. Wall Street Sweats Mexican Peasants for a Juicy Sum MEXICO CITY, June 15—“ The in ternational bankers’ committee has de ducted 32,260,000 to cover expenses in arranging the De La Huerta-Lamont treaty,” says Howard T. Oliver, presi dent of the Oliver Trading Co., in call ing attention to the financial treaty be tween Mexico and Wall St. "The Interest accumulated on the money of the Mexican government since June, 1922, is 3760,000 —thus making a total of fZ, 000,000 for the bankers as compensation for handling the transaction. The actual expenses of the committee do not exceed 3100,- 000.” Seventy-five per cent of the Mexican bonds are in the hands of the interna tional bankers' committee or their friends. Liberals Will Chat About Hypothetical Labor Party June 29 (Special to The Daily Worker) NEW YORK, June 15.—The “Tasks Before an American Labor Party,” will be discussed by the June Con ference of the League for Industrial ■ Democracy at the New Columbia Hotel, Belmar, New Jersey, from June 25 to June 29. Scott Nearing and I. A. Hourwich will conduct the discus sion on Thursday morning, June 25, about the “Economic Basis for an American Labor Party.” Senator Henrik Shlpstead has been invited to conduct the discussion on “A Farmer’s Program.” MOSCOW, May 13—(By Mail).— The Paris paper Populaire accuses the French government of isolating France and preventing her from es tablishing a contact with the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. Such a policy, the paper urges, prejudices the reputation as well as the inter ests of France. Down South, the original home of the Klan, Negroes and Whites are com pletely separated in every walk of life, yet friction and animosities between the races are daily occurrances. The kjan, white guards of the capi talists, desire to keep Negroes and Whites (especially workers) from meeting together or coming in contact with each other. The klan wants both groups to be suspicious and prejudiced towards each other. x It is obvious that under the distinct and separate Ku Klux Klan .southern policy, the unity of Negro and White workers is totally impossible. When dangerous Red meetings of both oppressed groups occur in the south, it will be the beginning of the end for the aristocratic exploiters of that section. GORDON OWENS. UNCLE WIGGILY’S TRICKS • A LAUGH FOR THE CHILDREN This will make I wonder who turned The hose mu*t Le Ml.t! a “ HOUSE-CLEANING ” OF RUSSIAN COMMUNIST PARTY SWEEPS OUT “PIE-CARD ” OFFICE ASPIRANTS By ANISE. ’ MOSCOW, June 15.—A report from Perm, a typical agriculture district, on the "oleanlng” es members out of the Russian Communist Party, gives an Indication of how these cleanings proceed. The district Is entirely agricul tural, with no industrial centers, and has endured many factional quarrels. The boards of examiners appointed were nearly all Industrial workers, car penters, Joiners, with here and there an occasional office worker. They were all old party members, from before the Revolution, and hence unlikely to deal over-leniently with any insurgent tendencies among the newer groups. Os 1,310 members examined, 170 were “cleaned out,” of whom 121 were members and 49 candidates. Half of those removed were office workers and small officials—the group where the desire to be a Communist for the sake of a career is most apt to manifest itself. Only 11 workers and 27 peasants were removed, and 46 of the professional classes. None of the village Com munist organizations were examined, so that 277 peasants' here noted were former peasants now in state employ. All the members removed had joined after the revolution, chiefly In 1918 to 1920, in the years es civil war. Short Items From Soviet Russia Jews Becoming Farmers. ODESSA, June 16. —There Is a movement on foot among the Jews of the small towns and villages of Odessa district to become farmers. There are at present 3,500 Jewish families tilling over 30,000 desatins of land in Odessa district. Under the czars’ government, Jews were pro hibited to own or till the land. The Jews in the small towns and villages were mostly traders or shopkeepers. At present it is very difficult for pri vate small traders to compete with the co-operative stores, who are forc ing them out of business. Persians Coming to Fair. MOSCOW, May 10. —A conference of Persian merchants has been held at the Russo-Oriental chamber of commerce on Persia’s participation in the Baku fair and the prospects of the latter. The conference decided to promote the fair by attracting to it all sorts of Persian raw materials, such as cotton, wool, hides, rice, dried fruits and so forth, and also by mak ing widely known among Persian merchant circles the necessity of par ticipating in the show. Run World’s Only Emerald Mine. MOSCOW, May 12. —The Russian Precious Stones Trust has decided to run again the big emerald works exist ing in Russia, which since the emerald mines in Columbia, America, have been closed, are the • only works of this kind in the world. These works had formerly belonged to a French company, but had been idle since 1914. The equipment was partly brought away by the owners, partly plundered, but has now been restored. Rail Expert Arrives. MOSCOW, May 13. (By Mail.)—Mr. Amann, a professor of the Carlsruhe (Germany) Polytechnical High School and an authority on railroads, is ar riving at Leningrad, where he has been invited as an expert in the con struction of the Mga-Rybinsk line. Apart from a few prominent special ists, all the work on this concession, which has been leased to the German industrial group of Wirth and Haase, will be done by Russian engineers and workers. Georgia Sets Stats Language. MOSCOW, May 10. (By Mail.)—Ac cording to a decree of the Central Executive Committee of Georgie on the use in State institutions of the Republic of the State language and the languages of the majority of the population of national minorities, Georgian is declared to be the State language of Georgia, while Russian, Armenian are also allowed in State institutions of the Republic of Georgia. British Scientists to Visit. MOSCOW, June 16.—A group of Cambridge scientists ask permission of the Soviet government to come to Russia to visit the Russian labora tories, especially the Pavioff labora tory in Leningrad. The government decided to invite them to give reports on the advance of science abroad, while they will be in Russia. They are expected at the end of summer. 5,000,000 Dairy Farms. VOLOGDA, June 16.—There are now 6,000,000 dairy farms in Russia, according to the All-Russian dairy conference meeting at Vologda. It is expected that 2,150,000 pud of butter will be produced during the year. The needs of Russia are only 900,000 pud. Bend in that Subscription Today. Class War Victims Will be Helped by Workers’ Aid Group The Committee for International Workers’ Aid, which is in the midst of a campaign to get relief to the striking miners of Germany is extend ing the scope of its activity to include help for all victims of the class war, especially the class war prisoners and their destitute families. That this added activity becomes an absolute necessity is evident from the frightful situation in many countries. In Po land, for instance, the white terror of the capitalist government has reached such proportions that even capitalist politicians have raised a protest. The French radicals who are about to take, charge of the government and a number of other well-known men of letters and politics in France, in cluding Edouard Herrlot, Paul Pain leve, Leon Blum, Paul Boncour, Ro main Rolland and A. Aulard printed a proclamation which, altho in reality intended for currying favor with the French workers and for getting their votes, served nevertheless to expose the horrible crimes perpetrated by the ruling class of Poland upon the Polish workers. Tho the French radicals on entering into office will proceed to forget their own manifesto, the work ers and peasants of France, remem bering the manifesto, will not fall to (denounce the conspiratory alliance be tween imperialist France and its ac complice in crime, Poland. Education Still Medieval. GREEN BAY, Wis. — "Every other department of life has. been revolu tionized by science. Education alone persists in making medieval require ments of 20th century citizens,” de clared Ellen T. Nagler before the Wis consin conference of school workers in Green Bay. "Education today does not cope with the delinquents, crim inals and insane that are ihcreasing in numbers and does not remedy the brutality and corruption that flourish everywhere.” Indiana Recover Land. WASHINGTON,' D„ C., June 15. The government has won an impor tant suit protecting the lands of the Pueblo Indians of New Mexico in a decision in which a federal court de cided that non-Inflian claimants on the lands had no title. The decree re jects the. claims of 24 settlers on the San Juan Pueblo in New Mexico, altho they have held and cultivated the land belonging to the Indians for many years. Send in that Bubsoription Today. [soviet pussial IM m A EACH ISSUE ! An invaluable record of Labor's progress in Soviet Russi, ' and the world over. " \ Authentic information and feature articles from the pens of the best j \ " writers —made more interesting by NUMEROUS AND SPLENDID PHOTOGRAPHS SUBSCRIPTION \ ! $2.00 a Year SI.OO Blx Months \ \ SOVIET RUSSIA PICTORIAL, i ; 19 So. Lincoln St., Chicago, 111. I \ NAME 1 ' ! STREET NO j \ CITY ;. STATE D. \ Monday, June 16,1924 BULGARIAN MASS i MOVEMENT GAINS ON GOVERNMENT Workers and Farmers’ Rule Looms 4 BOSTON, Mass., June 15.—Aceor#i ing to official sources of information, the results of recent local election* in Bulgaria are as follows: For gov ernment parties, 191,000; against gov ernment parties (farmers and Com munists), 230,000. This is the basin upon which the people of Bulgaria voted in electing their local or county officials, which means that the power of the national government sooner or later must be transferred into tha hands of the left parties. "The Morning Star,” the chief Pro testant paper in Bulgaria and tho mouthpiece of foreign capitalism, while regretting the present situa* no , as being dark and gloomy for tfc in power and shedding crocodile t« rn over it, is vehemently urging tba people “to be good citizens, obedtevt patriots, and exemplary Christians." (That is: to be meek, kind and for getful of the autrocities committed by those in power upon helpless farm ers and Communists, But fortunately that is not the make-up of the peo ple of the lofty hills of the Balkan peninsula.) “Intelligentzia” Fight Workers. It states further: “It is evident that a bitter fight is in progress between the government forces and the left parties, which, if continued at its present fervor, can bring to the coun try nothing else but sad events and catastrophies. The ”Intellegentzia”(!) and part of those who reside in the cities as well as those who are in a better financial situation, remembered well the lawlessness and hooliganism committed during the regime of Stam bouliski (evidently this refers to tha public trial and spiriting away to jail of the ministers responsible for Bul garia’s partaking in the world war) have decided to prevent at all costs the come-back of the same regime with the added continuation of Com munist leadership. This vow not to permit the reins of the government to be transferred into the hands of the farmers and the Communists is supported by the fear that if they do come to power there will be soma bloody vindications. This is more than certain.” It further states: "This is clear and unquestionable and this is the main reason why those in power decided to do everything possible to prevent the occurence of such a carnage.* (Notice reader, that this Protestant paper mentions nothing about tba carnage that took place during ant after the overthrown of StamboulskyA On the other hand the American observer must take in consideration that the farmers (which constitute five-sevenths of the population) and the Communists are equally deter mined, in view of their numerical supremacy which is growing day by day and not to allow a "gefunked? military dictatorship rule over resit and genuine militants of the working class. That the people of the mountain state means business is a, positive fact. This is the ( reason why the capitalist propaganda paper# in Bulgaria are working overtime trying to stimulate a hypocritical brotherly spirit amongst the masses, for .they know from their guilty con science that fate has something in store for them.