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4IEF FASCIST THUG SEIZED IN MURDER CASE esare Rossi Jailed For Matteotti Crime (Special to the Dally Worker.) ROME, Italy, June 23 The hies crook in Italy’s “greater Teapot Dome” oil and murder scandal, Cesare Rossi, former head of the press bureau of the nterior department, is locked tow in the Regina Coeli prison. He has been hiding in a villa near Marino, just outside of Rome, ever since he resigned his position a week ago over the charges developed against him In the Matteotti kidnapping and murder case. Rossi was definitely Implicated In the cowardly crime when Amerigo Du mini and Felippafllippelli made their confessions. Up to that time he had bean denying, by letters In the Fascist press, his part in the murder of the soaUllst deputy. He refuses to say anything from his cell, according to police, Finn Still Free. Aldo Finei, Italy’s "Albert Fall,” and Rossi are charged with accepting huge sums from Harry F. Sinclair for the making of a SO year concession to his consolidated oil and for favors to Standard Oil. part owner in Sinclair's ootmpany. Fiasi has not yet been caught In the murder dragnet. Mussolini, by following the drastic polioy, forced on him by the parlia mentary majority, of sacrificing his former Fascist chieftains, is more con fident that he ha# saved Fascism and his government in Italy. His support ers who have not been embroiled in the graft exposures claim grandiosely that public confidence in him Is not shaken. Senator Vittorio Rolando Ric ci, former ambassador to the United States, is one who enunciates this view. Workers Still Angry. The working people of Italy have not so quickly recovered from the shock and horror of the Matteotti slaying and have expressed their feel ing in frequent short strikes. The Blackshirt dictator has re-established his Fascist Directory and is making the greatest effort to preserve the out ward appearance of national equili aUlu. • - * - Tomorrow the northern Italian fas :ist organizations meet in Bologna to reaffirm their support of the “iron nan,” who is still so near the break ng point. Rome, itself, is black with ilack-shirt troops who remain ‘en camped, an annoyance and a threat. Communist Urge End Fascism. The socialists seem somewhat hes itant to call for open flouting of the fascist power, altho the Commuists are Insistent that strong measures be taken. The unified socialists are still planning to resort to "legal proce dure” in the Matteotti case and go to court about it. The Communists urge a united front in preparation toward the proletarian revolution which seems so imminent. The censorship is extreme and only the barest facts are given out by the fascist officials. They have not yet admitted publicly that Matteotti’s hor ribly butchered body has been found. The semi-official press is making a ludicrous attempt to cover up the government’s practical collapse under the burden of graft and crime and the things that were hinted at or actually discussed in the columns a week ago under the public pressure are now receiving minimum atten tion. Mussolini Badly Shaken. Opinion among the foreigners here generally, is that the fascist dictator's iron grip on fascism and Italy was very seriously threatened, that it is still In great danger, and that Musso lini’s power over his party has changed somewhat to party power over him. The king seems to have withdrawn his alarmed gesture jto "cousins” of the Order of Annuncia tion, all of them political foes of Mus solini, but no official statement has been made. Even here It is difficult to find out just what the official status is, altho the temper of the people is still plain ly that of an extremely angry mass, shorn of its leaders, (leading Com munists and socialists are still in prison where they were thrown when the outcry over Matteotti began), and for the moment pausing before plung ing into action against the offenders. No Trouble Getting Postponements if You Steal Enough Hearing of arguments on a demur rer in the case of Colonel Charles R. Forbes, Indicted for misconduct of the veterans' bureau during his adminis tration, was postponed today until July 14. Special Assistant Attorney General Crim uppearod before Judge George A. Carpenter and usked for the delay. When defense attorneys entered no objection, Judge Carpenter stt the hearings for July 14. The ac ♦ url trial, it was Indicated, will be de layed still further. V 4 Wisconsin Socialists Back Stand Taken at St. Paul Convention (Continued from page L) an opponent being placed in the field to La Follette, candidate for re-elec tion as U. S. senator. But Sunday was a day of judgement. The delegates lamented that the party in Wisconsin had ever made this con cession to La Follette. Not only La Follette but his whole political machine in Wisconsin and all office holders under his standards were scored in the most bitter terms, as political tricksters and double-crossers. Train Guns on LaFollette. The rumblings of the anti-LaFol lette revolt in the Wisconsin Socialist party were heard immediately the So cialist convention got under way in Brisbane hall, the home of Wisconsin Socialism in Milwaukee, that Berger had named after the father of Hearst’s yellowest editor. Socialist Assemblyman Thomas Duncan, Milwaukee, private secre tary of the Socialist mayor, Hoan, told the delegates the sorry story of “legislative insincerity and betrayal of the voters” by the LaFollette pro gressives and LaFollette’s own gov ernor, John J. Blaine. The Socialist tax commissioner, Louis A. Arnold, claimed all the pro gressive accomplishments in the last state legislature for the "Socialist bloc,” giving no credit to the LaFol lette administration in power. Wants Unity Without Injury. Even Berger had to take his fling at LaFollette, stating that when men become 70 years old they are not vety radical. But, he added: "There was one thing that should always be re membered of LaFollette—he stood by his guns during the war. If there HUGHES CRUSHED «S RECOGNITION OFROSSjA NEARS Wicked Bolsheviks Get All the Breaks By LAURENCE TODD. (By the Federated Press.) WASHINGTON, June 23. — Secre tary Hughes’ heart is still more bowed down. Ambassador Jusserand, Lie same who has brought a hundred mes sages of undying faithfulness cn the part of the Paris government to re action, now whispers a hope that Hughes will be reasonable about Rus sian recognition. After all, my dear Mr. Secretary, we must be practical men or lose our diplomatic jobs. That dear Russia —how we love her, after alj! Mr. Hughes* will say nothing. Ab solutely nothing. Like the Roumanian oil-confiscation law and the indecently open murder-game which his Italian Fascist friends have confessed, it shocks him. He would not have guessed that American property in Roumania could be confiscated by good royalist nobles, nor that Ftalian patriots could get themselves caught stabbing the chairman of the opposi tion party. Now comes the blow from i France herself. Recognition of Rus sia to be discussed? What self-re specting pose will be left to the hero of the private showing of Dempsey fight films. Still, if the Russians insist upon dis cussing the matter, and are willing to discuss first the question of a lease of Baku oil to a big American con cern, and if there is any guaranty that the American invasions of Russia will, not be mentioned — well, perhaps, since France has deserted us, the State Department will find a reason for listening to what Moscow has to say. Is Dever Envious Os Klan’s Record Against Negroes? South Side Negroes are giving an Ironical reception to the news from New York City that Mayor Dever is calling for democratic denunciation of the Ku Klux Klan. It is pointed out by Chicago Ne groes that Mayor Dever’s police are very handy at the rough stuff which is so condemned in the Klan. The policemen’s clubs and revolvers have been freely-used against innocent Ne groes. “If Mayor Dever is really against the Klan and the things it stands for, why doesn’t he enforce equal rights tor Negro citizens of Chicago?” said a Negro unionist to the DAILY WORKER last night. “The Klan's worst crimes are those against our race. But the worst crimes of the Chicago police are also those against our race.” The DAILY WORKER’S expose of "goldfish” tortures to suspects Is be ing eagerly followed on the South Side. The issue in which the ex police reporter tells of brutalities to Negro prisoners made a sensation. Australia Labor Governments. MELBOURNE, Australia, June 23. —New labor governments have been formed in the states of western Aus tralia and south Australia, as the re sult of labor capturing the legisla tures in both states. was any chance to go in with the railway men or with LaFollette, with out injury to the Socialist movement, it was a duty to stand by all such ef forts.” Even this little curtain raiser far Berger’s position got its broadside as the delegates denounced LaFollette as a "cowardly cur” who "crawled off into his corner” immediately he was attacked in the early days of the war, and who never made any real fight during the war fpir representative gov ernment or the 'preservation of con stitutional liberties. Berger Anticipates the Storm. But these were only slight skirm ishes. Berger had brought in his state platform, and it was adopted unanimously. Berger had graciously permitted a slight amendment in his “light wines and beer” plank, evi dently anticipating the storm ahead. And then the real war broke on the resolution introduced by the Socialist mayor, Hoan, that declared: "Be it resolved, by the Socialist party of Wisconsin, in convention as sembled, That we adhere to the stand heretofore taken by the national or ganization: that we are unalterably opposed to any move that may be made at the Cleveland Conference for Progressive Political Action to in dorse any candidate running as an in dependent.” Berger then presented his amend ment qualifying "independent” to “independent running on an old party ticket.” No Discipline for Victor. Berger started out by telling the delegates that their resolution was not binding on him, as he was a dele gate to the Cleveland Conference for Progressive Political Action from the national Socialist party. He said that the labor party must be formed as | LESSONS OF THE SAN PEDRO RAID (Continued from page 1.) of the victims had been brought. To make it all the more impressive, 22 naval guards and four patrolmen were stationed to guard the place. “Go to the Station.” But not even the customary police guard was to be found at the I. W. W. hall where the raid took place. In fact, when Andrew Laurier rushed from the hall at the start of the raid and four? a policeman, he was told: “You"; have to go to the station for that.” Another man went to the sta tion, but found that the entire force had just been called out to the other end of town! There are several wit nesses to the fact that there were two policemen on the sidewalk when the kidnaping party pulled away from the hall. Two more policemen were passed as the party drove thru Wil mington, but they turned the other way. The enthusiasm of the police in capturing the bandits has been equal ly keen. “Tell us the names of the men and we’ll prosecute them,” they say, just the way they say it to a bank president when his bank has been robbed. “Ah, But, But—” Jack Walsh, Herbert White and Tom Sullivan were in the hall two days after the raid. Two sailors came and looked in the window. The boys recognized them as raiders. One of them, Tom Sullivan, recognized as one of the kidnappers on the tar and feather party, and when he saw a po lice car drive up, he went out and spoke to the officers. “Will you people arrest one sailor who was in the raiding party?” “We’re neutral,” was the reply. Then an officer in the back seat said: “That’s what we’re up here for. Let’s go get him.” By this time the sailor had made considerable distance between himself and the car. But the officers soon caught up with him. “What did you try to run away for?” asks the one in the back seat. "That boy did not want to run away,” answered the “neutral” one. N.Y. PARTY TO SALLY FORTH THIS SATURDAY ON SECOND EXCURSION NEW YORK, June 23—The sec ond annual party excursion this Sat urday will be one of the happiest events of the year, for the thous ands of members and their friends. The “Clermont,” one of the most beautiful boats on the Hudson, has been engaged for the day. A beau tiful moonlight return trip is prom ised for the romantic ones. One of the features of the trip will be a sea court with Harry Wi nitsky as chief Judge. He promises to hand out equal justice both “left” and “right.” A number of other attractions have been ar ranged. The Farmer-Labor orches tra from Williamsburg will rsnder several election numbers with Sam Nesln conducting. A fine dance or chestra promises to make your toes wiggle. Tickets are sl.lO at any party paper, or at the Workers party, 208 E. 12th Bt. Comrades are urged to get them at onoe. Those not getting tickets at once will un doubtedly be disappointed later. Don’t be among the slow ones. A word to the wise is sufficient. The boat will leave at 2 p. m. from Pier A, Battery park. THE DAILY WORKER in England, and elsewhere, but he didn’t want t.o go to Cleveland threat ening a split, or threatening to knife some one in the back. He hit at Hoan as "very radical in his talk.” He went into an extended lament, charging that the "left wing” and the Communists had practically destroyed the Socialist party, evidently forget ting that his original position was that if the Communists would get out of the Socialist party it, would grow enormously. But now Berger denounces the Com munists, claiming that if it had not been for the left wingers the Ameri can Socialist movement could have been one of the greatest in the world. Berger is not a good debater and he made a pitiful showing. Hoan Slams McAdoodle-d6. "If the C. P. P. A. doesn’t do some thing at Cleveland to start a real la bor party we will put up our national ticket," declared Hoan. “No Mc- Adoodle-do for us.” Hoan also joined Berger in declar ing that war prosecution and the “deadly blow” from the left wingers had had something to do with the downfall of the Socialist party, but he charged that 90 per cent of the party’s bankruptcy was due to weaknesses within. Sees Fiasco at Cleveland Hoan charged that if the Conference for Progressive Political Action at Cleveland tried to run La Follette as an independent it would result in the biggest fiasco that had ever happened. He charged that there was no man big enough to enter the political arena without the support of a party. "The workers and farmers must establish their own party,” said Hoan, “and if any man is too cowardly or too personally ambitious to come out as the candidate of that party we should At the station the men approached the officer at the desk. Officer Neu tral winked and said: “This man [pointing to Sullivan] wants to make a charge against this gob.” “What charge?” “I positively identify this fellow as one of the raiding party on the truck,” “Get a Warrant.” “Well, you’ll have to have a war rant from the prosecuting attorney’s office before I can lock him up.” There was a silence. Then Officer Neutral winked to the sailor and said: “Cojne on, buddy; let’s drive out of here and go back to where we came from.” After they had left, Sergeant Web er, an ex-army sergeant, came in and spotted Sullivan and said, in the pres ence of Jack Walsh and Police Cap tain Hagenbaugh: “Hie next party is going to be a hanging party, and I’ll see that you are on it, too.” In this connection it is interesting to note a statement which appeared in the Los Angeles Times that same day: “Reds Did It." “Captain Hagenbough of the San Pedro police lays the blame for eco nomic unrest and unemployment on the radicals, charging them with caus ing want and crime by importing reds to break down orderly processes of law and flooding the harbor with sur plus labor.” The care with which the scene was laid, the deliberateness with which certain people were picked out (five children who had been active in per forming for entertainments were ter ribly burned), and the fact that the leader of the raid was recognized as the leader of the Ku Klux Klan raid, March 17, give the lie to reports de liberately circulated stating that the raid was conducted by sailors who had been outraged by the threats of the wobblies in relation to the Mis sissippi disaster. Branded Man’s Kid Burned. One of the children burned was An tonette Carcich, sister of Mathew Carcich, who was arrested for selling I. W. W. papers and had his initials branded on his arm before he was re leased. (What was all that talk about German atrocities that brought the youth of this country into the war?) The lesson in San Pedro is clear. The press, the police and the employ ing class have formed A UNITED FRONT. Textile Strikers Will Fight Bosses* Gag on Free Speech (By The Federated Preee) DOVER, N. H., June 23. —Whether strikers are to be protected in their right to hold street meetings in this town, which is owned and controlled by the textile employers, will be de cided by the tost free spoech meeting which the American Civil Liberties union, with headquarters lq New York, announces it will hold in Dover, June 21. Police have repeatedly refused meeting permits to organizers of the One Big Union which is active among the striking textilo workers. Until now the strikers have been allowed to meet free of charge in the Strand theater, but outside pressure brot to bear on the manager has closed that hail to tho workers. Bert Emsley, One Big Union or ganizer, is down to speak at the test meeting. tend In that Subscription Today. have nothing to do with him. If I thought that the workers had anything to gain by an independent candidacy, I would be for it. But nothing will come of the fiasco at Cleveland. Imag ine a president in the White House without a party. It would be the mon strous joke of the century. "If we permit our party to endorse an Independent candidacy, it will do more than anything else to tear down what remains of the socialist party.” Hits Self-Seeking Politicians State Senator Quick, reporter for the committee on platform and resolutions, then got the floor and denounced the heads of the Conference for Progres sive Political Action as a bunch of "self-seeking politicians.” He urged against the socialist party hanging onto the tail of other groups. “We don't need to build our party with the flotsam and the jetsam that comes to that kind of a conference.” State Secretary William Coleman, former socialist alderman, and an or ganizer of the Machinists’ Union, then declared it was a mistake, two years ago, to have left vacant the opposition candidacy to La Follette. Predicts no Party at Cleveland "My 25 years’ experience in the labor movement tells me that no party will be organized by the C. P. P. A. at Cleveland,” he said. He was inclined to the belief that the C. P. P. A. would go along with “McAdoo, son-in-law of the worst pre sident the United States has ever had.” The best they could possibly do at Cleveland, he felt, was to endorse La Follette. Coleman told of the experience of the Wisconsin socialists with the Wiscon sin C. P. P. A. He charged that the delegates had been collared to secure an endorsement for the La Follette governor, Blaine, republican. But when Donkey Hosts Gather In New York City in Feast of Anticipation (Continued from page 1.) as he was of the New York traction interests some years ago. Dark horses are prancing about the circus rings, hoping against hope, and praying for the maintenance of the two-thirds rule for nominations. Ral ston, Davis, Glass and a host of darker hue, are holding caucuses, issuing statements, lining up in combinations and dissolving them again, and en joying themselves generally in the good old-fashioned way. Bryan Tickled Sick Bryan is tickled sick with the won derful possibilities of this convention. Gee, if he were only twenty years younger, he seems to say, he would stir this old pot to its bottom. But today he is rather a pathetic figure, helplessly hitching himself onto one or another of the groups that can make use of his tradition for the moment. Efforts of leaders of the Democratic machine to center attention upon the issue of “clean government” as against the “corrupt government" of the Re publican Party make no impression upon the gathering delegates. Who wants to talk about fighting against graft when they expect themselves to be in power next no matter what issues or candidates are put up? And so the delegates, and the news papers, and the party leaders, are putting up an infernal cackling noise about issues that are ao shallow, and lie so close to the surface that it is utterly impossible to have an idea as to where anyone stands upon them until he speaks up, and then few are surprised when sudden switches are made from hour to hour. Much Nolae Promised Much noise la promised for the next few days in Madison Square Garden. Much heat will probably be generated in the struggle for jobs and patronage. But there is no light and there will be no light. There are no issues and there will be none. The great problem before the Demo cratic Convention is, how to dis tribute the plums in such a manner as to keep the machine going until after election. On the issues that touch capitalist exploitation of the workers and farmers—why talk of them? They are all settled long ago. The Demo cratic Party will do like the Republic an Party has already done—obey the orders from Wall Street. Briabane Says “Not Guilty,” But .... Arthur Brisbane, self-styled “world’s greatest Journalist,” who works for Mr. Hearst, who owns Immense tracts of land in California, announces in his column of editorials that agitators have been charged with spreading the hoof and mouth disease on the coast. He says that fortunately the charges have NOT been proven, and then goes on to tell what would and should hap pen if it were true. Then he wanders on to the main point of the editorial, which proves California the greatest summer resort in America. He ad vises you to take your auto and drive right out and inspect the country. As we said before, Brisbane's boas owns a lot of property in California. War Department Blamed. (By Federated Preas.) NEW YORK, June 23.—Responsibil ity is put up to the United States war department for the conduct of Ser geant Benjamin DeChalais, who led the mob which broke up a radical street meeting in Buffalo, June 14, in a letter from the American Civil Lib erties union demanding an investiga tion by Secretary of War Weeks. the conference would not endorse these old party candidates, when the confer ence took a stand for independent po litical action, then the delegates of the railroad brotherhoods pulled out. Cole man denounced the "rotten progressive political machine of Governor Blaine.” The Milwaukee county socialist or ganizer, Edmund T. Melms, turned his guns on La Follette, charging that as an independent he couldn’t carry five states. He said La Follette couldn't get on the ballot as an Independent in more than 10 or 12 states. “If these fellows at Cleveland have any brains they will organize a labor party now but they wont put up any candidates,” was his suggestion. Slams “Good Man Theory” Socialist Alderman August Strehlow got the floor for a minute to point out that the platform just adopted declared the workers must not support the “good man theory” and they would be foolish therefore to vote for the Berger amendment. Berger again got the floor and de clared it was all right for a candidate to run “independent of the old parties” “provided he is qualified and does not lack confidence." Berger tried to cajole his audience by declaring that in order to have a Farmer-Labor Party they must have workers and farmers, claim ing that up to the present time they didn’t have either. It was here that County Organizer Melms tried to come to Berger’s aid and save his face. He moved that both propositions be tabled. But this motion was thrown out of the window by an overwhelming negative vote. Leo Wolfsohn, news editor of the Milwaukee Leader, of which Berger is the editor, then came to the aid of his chief. Wolfsohn was arguing in such a bewildered fashion that Hoan called out, “Which side are you on,” and got the answer, “for the Berger amendment,” and that was all the oratorical support that Berger re ceived. Asks Socialists to Wake Up. Hoan then took the floor again to close the discussion declaring to the delegates that, “If you do not under stand the significance of this move then you had better wake up. Not one speaker here has stated that a Labor Party would come out of the Cleveland gathering. There has been some talk here of endorsing La Follette as an individual. The principle is the same, whether you endorse La Follette or McAdoodle-do as an individual. Hoan then attacked the corruption in the government in Washington, de claring that if the predicted industrial crisis develops, then "I fear for my country.” He offered the socialist pro gram as an alternative for “violent revolution.” Exposes La Folette Politics Hoan hit heavily at the La Follette outfit in Wisconsin. He claims that they supported a syndicalist law worse than the one now in force in Califor nia. He said that the La Follette mem bers of the state legislature, during the war, voted for the expulsion of the socialist senator, because of an anti war speech he made. During all of which time La Follette was absolutely silent. He said that the La Follette men in the house of representatives, 11 of them, voted unanimously for the unseating of Berger during the war. He declared the La Follette political machine in Wisconsin was the largest per capita political machine of any state in the nation. He declared, "it is time that such politicians had a political party to control them.” When the question was put the Ber ger amendment was snowed under and the Hoan proposition carried. On to New York! If you want to get the very latest returns from the Madison Squara Garden ringside about “Al” Smith, the Tammany Tiger pup and “Billy” McAdoo, Doheny’s little oil can opener, read the DAILY WORKER. Jay Loveatone will ait in the convention press box for the only workingclaaa dally in the English language In America and will analyze and phychoanalyze the whole democratic menagerie, from the ass him self to his smallest flea. Robert Minor, world famous cartoonist who did the G. O. Pigs, at Cleveland, to the fattest wrlnkla in their necks, will sketch the ass and the tiger and the knlghtie boys—for the DAILY WORKER, This may be your last chance to see a democratic convention done to a turn—there may be no democratic party in 1928, you know—so subscribe. Make Your Answer Today! THE DAILY WORKER, 1113 W. Washington Blvd., Chicago, Illinois. Enclosed find 3 to cover the Hat of subscriptions to the DAILY WORKER taken on the list below. These "subs” were secured at the Special Rate of $1 for two months. This is my effort to let the workers and farmers know the truth about the attacks by La Follette, Gompers and the whole yellow press on the class farmer-labor movement of the United States: NAME ADDRESS ZZZZZZIZZZZZZ Sent in by Write plainly, in Ink if possible. Better print the names. Send in for special |1 for two months sub cards. — H Tuesday, June 24, 1924 UNITED FRONT FORMED TO AID JEWISH BAKERS Workers Party in Drive Against Scab Bread More than 100 delegates gathered at the Workmen’s Circle Lyceum Sunday morning, at the call of the United Hebrew Trades, to consider ways and means of assisting Jewish Bakers’ local union No. 237 in its struggle against the baking bosses. This was the second conference of this kind. Delegates were present from the Workers party, Workmen’s Circle branches, the Socialist party, local unions and progressive societies. Bosses Seek $6 Cut. The commtitee of five, selected last / week to negotiate with the bosses, reported that negotiations wit'- the bosses has been broken off by a de mand for a $6 wage cut, instead of the increase provided by the agreement the union is seeking to enforce. “The bosses not only are trying to cut our wages,” said Organizer Lip kin, “but more important than that, they are trying to break our union. If they succeed with the Chicago bakers it will be but the beginning of a nation-wide drive against the Jew ish unions.” The bakers’ association of the em ployers is not permitting those shops that have signed up with the union to deliver bread to the customers of the shops still on strike. They also attempted to rent all the unufpd bake shops in the city, in order to prevent anyone else from serving their cus tomers. But the union has opened two shops and is supplying those who want union bread. Don’t Touch Scab Bread. The conference yesterday elected a large committee that will call upon all the customers of the struck bak eries and urge upon them not to han dle scab bread. It is quite well un derstood now that the Jewish popu lation is getting behind the bakers’ union, and if the bosses do not soon settle they will find their business destroyed by the illwill of their cus tomers who demand a settlement. Send In that Subscription Todayl Crocker, Calif. King Chosen as National Commit teeman, at Cleveland G. O. P. Convention. Remember Mooney, Billings and the Wobblies in San Quentin?