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THE DAILY WORKER
RAISES THE STANDARD FOR A WORKERS AND FARMERS’ GOVERNMENT Vol. 11. No. 99. MCADOO JOINS MORGAN’S GANG Communist Electors in All important States WORKERS PARTY ORGANIZERS PLAN TO PUT FOSTER GITLOW TICKET ON NOVEMBER BALLOT Organization work to place presidential electors for William Z. Foster and Benjamin Gitlow, Workers Party candidates, on the ballot in all the most important states of the nation, was planned at a meeting of the Party's District Organizers held last Saturday at the Party’s headquarters in Chicago. Reports made at this meeting show that there are from fifteen to twenty states, mostly those of the industrial centers of the east and the Pacific coast states, in which the Workers Party ticket can be placed on me ballot. Conferences will be called in all these states during the present week and petitions will be in circulation a short time after. The whole Workers Party organization will concentrate on this task as the first big job of the campaign which will place FIFTH CONGRESS HEARS VARGA ON ECONOMIC CRISIS Capitalism Is Facing New Difficulties Editor’s Note: The DAILY WORKER is running a brief sum mary of the proceedings of the Fifth Congress of the Communist International from day to day. This discussion is educational and inter esting and our readers should not miss it. In view of the desperate condition in wnich European capi talism finds itself, and the growing militancy of the workers led by the Communist .Parties and the Com munist International, the speeches of the delegates from the various countries are of special interest to American workers in general and to Communists in particular. These articles from our Moscow corres pondent will be a regular feature of the DAILY WORKER tfntil the last report of the sessions is pub- I lished. • * * (Special to the DAI LV- WORKER) MOSCOW, June 20 (By Mail.) —On the fourth day Varga re ported to the World Congress an the world economic situa :ion. The speaker stresses the : act that the period of crisis of :apitalist society continues un ihanged. The building situation s still lagging behind the out put before the war; the world production of coal hardly caches the quantity mined be ore the war; in the production f iron and steel we are still far ehind. The unemployment ituation has remained praetic jlly unchanged during the en ire post-war period. Accumu jition of wealth has taken place inly in America. Capitalism is lot in a position to bring about real accumulation of capital, he world economic situation ill be well illustrated by the dlowing facts: 1. The unity of tho capitalist econ nic world is no more and there is i uniformity in capitalist countries. Particular crisis of the old cen r of capitalist world. 3. Agrarian Hlsis. The American orientation K foreign policies was an absolutely ffiilated phenomenon, built up purely |Jr home production. The possibility |j u unification In France in connec ||)n with reconstruction has vanished. I "lie money exchange is getting worse Id worse. There is a complete stag ‘ t\on of capitalist credit, iffr Agrarian Crisis. industrialization of the couu- Bcx across the sea was going on I jidly during the war and during the H riod after the war. The agrarian ■ sis is diminishing quickly the pos ■Kllity of Improvement in industry in Hrariau countries, and for this reason Bflfce is stagnation of the export trade Bid/ (Continued on Page 2.) THE DAILY WORKER. SUBSCRIPTION RATES ♦Communist candidates before the workers of this country. Begin Drive for Funds. At the same time plans are being worked out to raise SIOO,OOO for the campaign. Millions of leaflets are to be printed, setting forth the Commun ist campaign platform and the issues involved in the campaign. A general distribution of campaign leaflets at least every two weeks after Septem ber Ist is the program. Arrange ments are also being made for a coast to coast tour by Benjamin Gitlow, can didate for the vice presidency. William Z. Foster will begin a speaking campaign later and besides the two candidates at least ten other speakers of national prominence are to he toured beginning in August and up to the end of the campaign. Enthusiasm Greets Communist Candidates. The nomination of Communist can didates to make the class fight against the candidates of Big Business, Cool idge and Davis, and the candidate of little business, LaFollette, is being welcomed both by the members of the Workers Party and the militant work ers generally. Membership meetings of the Work ers Prty wihch are being held are unanimous in their support of the Cen tral Executive Committee and the Party Conference which adopted the new policy. The line-up of political forces is con sidered the most favorable for a real fight and mobilization of the radical forces of the country in support .of the Communist candidates. With all other political labor groups, except the Communists, lining up behind La- Follette’s campaign for the "indepen dent manufacturers and bankers,” as Chairman Johnston put it in his key note speech, the Workers Party will become the rallying point for those workers and exploited farmers who have advanced beyond the point of be ing misled by LaFollette’s program of trying to “bust the trusts” in the in terest of the small business men of the country. William Z. Foster and C. E. Ruthen berg will continue their series of meetings .to mobilize the members of the Workers Party for the campaign during the coming week, speaking in the House of the Masses, 2101 Gratiot Ave., Detroit, on Thursday, July 17, at 8 p. m.; Engineers’ hall, 36 W. Huron St., Buffalo, Friday, July 18, 8 p. m.; Dudley St. Opera House, 113 Roxbury St., Boston, Mass., Saturday, July 19; Labor Lyceum, 38 Howe St., New Haven, Conn., Tuesday, July 22, 9/ p. m.; Stuyvesant Casino, 142 Sec ond Ave., New York City, Wednesday, July 23; Breth Sholom hall, 508 Pine St., Philadelphia, Thursday, July 24; Pittsburgh, July 25; Cleveland, July 26. J. P. Morgan’s Rule Breaks Little Bank*; Farmers Lose Again CHEYENNE, Wyo., July 13.—0 n the day the weary democratic donkeys nominated J. P. Morgan’s attorney for the presidential race, two more banks went busted here. The First National ’bank and the Citizens National bank closed their doors, while the biggest banker of them all tells the "asses” who they must numo for their candi date. The International banker runs the government, while the farmers lose what little they had left in the breaking of the little banks. "Farmers! You have nothing to lose but your mortgages!” is getting to be the new slogan. Entered as Second-class matter September 21, 1923, at the Poet Office at Chicago, Illinois under the Act of March 2, 1879. In Chicago, by mail, SS.GO per year. Outside Chicago, by mail. 36.00 per year. SKULL CAP CURE FOR JUMPING NERVES SAYS JUMPING-JACK BRYAN (Special to the DAILY WORKER) WASHINGTON, July 13. —The tiny black skull o?p which Governor Charles W. Bryan always wear* isn’t a sartorial hobby. The democratic vice presidential nominee wears it because he has to, and for no ether reason. Today he confided his secret to newspaper men. Twenty years ago the bald pate of the governor was seriously in jured by the sunlight streaming into his office. The nerve centers were broken down, and as a result he suffered from severe headaches and eye trouble. He was becoming dan gerously muddle-headed. Doctors advised him never to leave his head unprotected even in artificial light, and so since that time he has always worn his hat whenever possible —in his own home, in his office, in the elevators. But when social necessity forces him to remove it, on goes that black cap that he carries in his vest pocket. It is collapsible—like his antipathy to Wall Street. "It may not look so good,” said the governor, “but I'm just a plain fellow, anyway. No style for me.” MEXICANCOUNTER REVOLUTIONARIES BACK IN WALL ST. Fail in Elections; Cry for More Help (By Federated Press.) NEW YORK, July 13.—Mexican counter-revolutionists, following the assumed victory of the Obregon re gime in electing Calles to the presi dency, have moved their headquarters to New York and changed their tac tics, according to Mexican officials here. Stirring Up Trouble. Propaganda in the form of inter views and magazine articles are sent out purporting to describe a Bolshe vist reign of terror existing under the Obregon-Calles regime. Such a mis leading article recently featured by the New York Times in Its Sunday edition has called forth a long reply by Alberto Mascarenas, Mexican con sul genral for New York and vicinity. The Times article was suposed to have been written by a business man, neutral so far as politics was con cerned, who had been robbed by the Mexican government of his banana plantation. His purpose In writing was to warn bankers and investors against Mexican financial corruption and alleged dishonesty. "Victim” Paid de la Huerta. Consul Mascarenas in reply shows that the Times’ so-called neutral vic tim, Dr. Adolfo Ferrer, is the notori ous de la Huerta counter-revolution ary agent. The consul gives a photo static copy of a receipt from Ferrer to Heredia, de la agent in Cuba, for $24,140 payment for muni tions used in the unsuccessful putsch. Having failed to overthrow the mildly progressive regime of Obregon and Calles either on the battle field or at the balot box, the reactionary interests of Mexico are now concen trating their forces on Wall Street in the hope that they can prevent loans to the liberal Mexican government. This at any rate is a description of the plot as given by Mascarenas. Imperial America Tells Nicaragua to Withdraw President (Special to the DAILY WORKER) MANAGUA, Nicaragua, July 13. The United States legation’s note to Nicaragua has caused the withdrawal of President Martinez from/ thd race for re-election. The American note alleged that "while the United States government desired the people to have absolute liberty at, the polls, it recognize only a president elected in conformity with the Nic araguan constitution” which is sup posed to bar re-election of presidents. Send in that Subaeriajju •y-r- 1 MONDAY, JULY 14, 1924 ILLINOIS LABOR FAKERS GOO-GOO AT BOBjAND LEN Fickle Federationists Flirt in Politics Leaders of the Illinois and State Federations of Labor are trying to stave off a mess of inconsistencies which confronts them at the coming state convention of the Committee for Progressive Political Action, to take place in the Chicago Auditorium on July 27. The Illinois State Federation and Chicago Federation of Labor leaders have endorsed Len Small for gov ernor of Illinois. Now comes the an nouncement of the probability of a LaFollette ticket for Illinois, to be headed by Newton Jenkins, LaFol lette’s choice for senator in the April primaries. The Federation officials, who have withdrawn from Farmer-Labor Party activity, and turned the New Major ity into a political reflection of the log-rolling Gompers policy, are at the same time flirting with LaFollette. Two full pages are devoted to a saccharine write up of the C. P. P. A. convention at Cleveland. Ben Ferris, Charles F. Wills and David A. Mc- Vey, were present. LaFollette lieu tenants are bidding for the support of the Federation of Labor. Embarrassed Labor Fakers. If the state convention on July 27 puts a LaFollette state ticket in the field, running against Len Small, the labor ofiiciair wnr'hav’e to make an embarrassing choice. They wil have to either stick to their 1 endorsement of the regular candidate, Len Small, or repudiate all the nice things they have said about him and switch to the LaFollette man. It is stated' by well informed Feder ation men, that Olander, Walker and the Illinois Federation of Labor will stick to Small. "They will try to pack the July 27 convention with Small men, and endeavor to push over a motion to keep LaFollette candidates out of Illinois in the com ing elections,” one Illinois Federation of Labor official declared. LaFollette, on the other hand, is quoted as saying that Illinois is one of his best political bets and that his lieutenant, Newton Jenkins, will run along with a full Cook County and Illinois State C. P. P. A. ticket. Small Deal with Bob? LaFollette declared in Washington that, “Both parties have violated their pledges to the people,” and he has told his friends he does not w r ant his campaign connected in any way with any of the nominees selected by the Republicans or Democrats. Rumors are flying around that the Len Small labor officials are trying to make a deal to support LaFollette nationally if he agrees to leave the Illinois field clear for Small. Charles J. MacGowan, Illinois lead er of the C. P. P. A., declared that the state convention is being called by the Illinois C. P. P. A. and any liberal organization that cares to send delegates. He refused to give a list of those organizations in Illinois who have Indorsed LaFollette, claiming he did not yet have such a list. WheYi asked whether or not the Chicago and Illinois labor federations would en dorse LaFollette Illinois candidates, he said he did not know. Small Has Labor In Hand. It can be stated on good authority that Len Small has too strong a hold on the Illinois labor officials to allow them to desert to LaFollette even If they wanted to. "They are eating out of Len Small's hand,” as one Federation man said. Olander, Walker, Fitzpatrick, and the rest of the reactionary labor offi cials have sunk into another mess. Lending support thru sending dele gates, and thru their magazine. The New Majority, to LaFollette, they are at the same time indorsing Len Small for governor, In spite of the denun ciation of Small's party as corrupt by LaFollette. Fly From Turkey. CONSTANTINOPLE, July 13.—The American around the world airplanes left here at 8 A. M. for Bucharost. Led by Lieutenant Lowell Smith, the three big army planes circled over Constantinople and then disappeared to the west. STRIKE THREAT WINS BACK OLD WAGES FOR MICHIGAN ELECTRIC MEN (Special to the DAILY WORKER) DETROIT, July 13.—A restoration of the wage scale in force prior to June 1, eliminating a cut of cents an hour, was granted to the car op. erators of the Michigan Electric Railway company and the Michigan Railroad company as the result of an ultimatum announcing a strike July 4. The strike would have tied up lines at Jackson, Lansing, Battle Creek, Klamazoo and Owosso and interurban lines involving Grand Rapids, Saginaw, Flint, Bay City and other cities. Buses owned by the companies also would have been affected. Operators of one-man street cars were receiving 50 cents an hour, op erators of two-man cars 45 cents and interurban operators 52 cents —a decrease of 2/ z cents an hour from wage rates in force prior to June 1. BERRY NURSING WOUNDS HE GOT AT DONKEY MEET Cries Because Morgan Wouldn’t Run Him By LUDWELL DENNY, Federated Prgss Staff Correspondent. NEW YORK, July 13.y—The demo cratic cocks have come home to the old Wall Street roost. Papa Morgan Is satisfied. Apparently he was never much worried. John W. Davis was his candidate from the beginning. John has the advantage of being not only a Morgan lawyer, but also a pro- British ex-ambassador to London. That simplifies matters, since Papa Morgan is the financial agent of thd British government in the United States. “Heads we win, tails you lose,” say the international bankers. It is un thinkable that Gary’s “Rock of Gibral tar,” Cal Coolidge, and Morgan’s repa rations agent. Open Shop Dawes, should be defeated- in November. But you never can tell. So if they vote out Coolidge, they will vote In Davis. Morgan should worry. The democratic trade union leaders and the American Federation of Labor non-partisanists are nursing the wounds they received at the reaction ary anti-labor convention. After los ing their fight to get mild platform promises out of the convention, they were not prepared for the final insult of the Wall Street? candidate. Then in despair they combined and visited Davis with the request that he accept the labor and legion official. Berry, as his running mate. Altho Berry quali fied as a conservative, he never even got a look-in. The convention picked W. J. Bryan's brother instead. He is supposed to stand in good with upper class farmers, an important item to the politicians. They are not suffl ciently afraid of the labor vote to be even interested in It. Farm Reactionaries Form Lobby Council To Seek “Protection” ST. PAUL, July 13.—The new Na tional Council of Agriculture, launched here yesterday, will work for the en actment by congress of legislation em bodying the principles of the McNary- Haugen farm relief bill, "so that agri culture may be placed on an equal ba sis with labor and industry under the protective system.” Injunction Showered On 100 Unionists in Rock Island Strike ROCK ISLAND, 111., July 13.—The Daniel Boone Woolen Mills stjrtke, conducted by the Amalgamated Cloth ing Workers in Rock Island, has drawn the usual crop of Illinois anti labor injunctions. Over 100 unionists have been cited for contempt of court. The strike has tied up production so badly that a complete shakeup of su perintendents io in progress. Published Daily except Sunday by THE DAILY WORKER PUBLISHING CO., 1113 W. Washington Blvd., Chicago, 111. RAIL CHIEFS, WHO BACKED OILY LAWYER, IN FLOP TO LA FOLLETTE CAN’T BREAK WALL STREET TIES (Special to The Dally Worker) ~ NEW YORK CITY, July 13.—A working agreement has Just been established between John W. Davis, Morgan's attorney and candidate for the presidency on the democratic tilcket, and William G. McAdoo, former Morse and Doheny lawyer, and the favorite son of the “progressive” and railroad labor union follow ing at Madison Square Garden. After declaring that Davis is thoroly satisfactory to “pro gressive” democrats, Wilson’s son-in-law pledges his “cordial support” and announces that’ he will take part in the cam paign. The McAdoo indorsement is hailed with delight by the Davis managers. McAdoo is the idol of the railroad brotherhood chiefs and a large section of the officialdom of the American Federation of Labor. They have been McAdoo men for years. He repre sents their Ideals and stands for the things they stand for. McAdoo’s declaration of an entente cordiafe with the king “Money Devil” is cal culated to have a far reaching effect. The reasoning Is that if Davis is good enough for McAdoo, who fulfills the vision of these rail union leaders to such an extent that their official organ “Labor” has given him full pages of publicity, then Davis will not be very offensive to McAdoo’s folowers. The Davis managers are hopeful, at least, of a friendly attitude from the rail chiefs, which would amount to a sympathetic neutrality— even tho they are officially committed to LaFollette. Needless to say they expect still more from the Gompers’ element. Aid and Comfort to Morgan. To the extent to which rail labor leaders and Sam Gompers look with kindness of the candidacy of Davis, to that extent they are lending aid and comfort to Wall Street. That must be admitted. However, such a liasion between labor leaders and Big Business is not strange. Not to speak of the Civic Federation where Gary and Gompers dine together, there are other and more significant things which show the capitalistic bent of the labor leaders for whom the McAdoo endorsement is expected to appeal. The railroad brotherhoods, which the McAdoo supporters at Madißon Square Garden head, are pri marily business organizations»rather than labor unions. The brotherhood chiefs, likewise, are primarily busi ness men rather than labor leaders. (Continued on next page.) McCORMICK HARVESTER COMPANY UNION CONTROLS WORKERS LIVES TO PROFIT SQUEEZING BOSSES BY A HARVESTER TRUST SLAVE The Industrial Council, which is the company union run by officials of the International Harvester company, at all times enacts only those rules which reduce the expenses of the company and get more work out of the men. The council is constantly running Americanization, stock-selling, and safety campaigns which aim to imbue the worker with the idea that the company is looking after the interests of the employes. At the same time this propaganda makes the workers more dependent on the will of the managers of the Harvester' Trust and prevents them from rebelling against the slave con ditions imposed by the manage ment and the Industrial Council upon the men. In announcing to the employes at the May meeting of the Harvester industrial Council that they must look forward to being laid off, J. D. Grant, superintendent for the company, did not talk from the standpoint of the hardships to be worked on the em ployes. On the contrary, ho asked those who were not laid off to cut down expenses in the plant still fur ther, and announced that the, piece workers would be paid on a stricter basis. Hold Workers Closer. “It Is evident that the forces will have to be reduced this summer." said Grant, "and this leads us to another thing about which I have talked to the foremen at considerable length. That is—the reduction of burden expense. Now when we huve less to do in the shop there will have to be less men employed in the productive depart (Continued on next page.) Communist Candidates i For President: WILLIAM Z. FOSTER. For Vice-President: BENJAMIN GITLOW. Price 3 Cents DAVIS TAKES MORGAN SIGN OFF FRONT DOOR But Wall Street Has Key to His Cellar NEW YORK, July 13.—With a fine sense of the fitness of things, John W. Davis, Morgan's candidate for president on the candidate, announced his in tended withdrawal from the law firm of Stetson, Jennings, Rus sell and Davis, which represents the House of Morgan. This an nouncement is taken as one of the best jokes of the season. Its only serious competitor is the association of Charles W. Bryan, the so-called progressive on the same ticket with the reactionary representative of big business. Mr. Davis may officially sever his connections with the House of Morgan as an election stunt. But it will no more serve the purpose than did McAdoo’s re pudiation of his client Doheny after the oil investigation began and it was discovered that Wil son’s son-in-law drew heavily on the .money bags. The democratic candidate, provid ed he lands in the White House, will be the dutiful servant of big business and will represent not alone the House of Morgan, but the House of (Continued on page 3) ■l* * But You Arrested Workers, Merrick, Not Wealthy Patrons NEW YORK, July 13.—Federal pro hibition forces moyed to stamp out drinking in the fashionable gathering places frequented by New tfirk’s 400. Following a raid on the aristocratic Ritz-Carlton roof garden, R. Q. Mer rick, federal prohibition director, said: "The Ritz-Carlton raid Is but the be ginning. We are going to stamp out liquor drinking wherever we find it. The more fashionable the place, the quicker. "Rich and poor must be equal in prohibition enforcement. “People who bring their own to lux urious roof gardens are no better than the longshoreman who violates the law by buying liquor in a wuterfropt dive." Merrick said live employes of the Ritz roof, arrested in lust night’s raid, were to be arraigned before u United States commissioner. If they are held a padlock action against the roof garden is planned.