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The daily worker. [volume] (Chicago, Ill.) 1924-1958, July 14, 1924, Image 1

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Vol. 11. No. 99.
Communist Electors in All important States
Organization work to place presidential electors for William
Z. Foster and Benjamin Gitlow, Workers Party candidates, on
the ballot in all the most important states of the nation, was
planned at a meeting of the Party's District Organizers held last
Saturday at the Party’s headquarters in Chicago.
Reports made at this meeting show that there are from
fifteen to twenty states, mostly those of the industrial centers
of the east and the Pacific coast states, in which the Workers
Party ticket can be placed on me ballot.
Conferences will be called in all these states during the
present week and petitions will be in circulation a short time
after. The whole Workers Party organization will concentrate
on this task as the first big job of the campaign which will place
Capitalism Is Facing
New Difficulties
Editor’s Note: The DAILY
WORKER is running a brief sum
mary of the proceedings of the
Fifth Congress of the Communist
International from day to day. This
discussion is educational and inter
esting and our readers should not
miss it. In view of the desperate
condition in wnich European capi
talism finds itself, and the growing
militancy of the workers led by the
Communist .Parties and the Com
munist International, the speeches
of the delegates from the various
countries are of special interest to
American workers in general and
to Communists in particular. These
articles from our Moscow corres
pondent will be a regular feature
of the DAILY WORKER tfntil the
last report of the sessions is pub-
I lished.
• * *
(Special to the DAI LV- WORKER)
MOSCOW, June 20 (By Mail.)
—On the fourth day Varga re
ported to the World Congress
an the world economic situa
:ion. The speaker stresses the
: act that the period of crisis of
:apitalist society continues un
ihanged. The building situation
s still lagging behind the out
put before the war; the world
production of coal hardly
caches the quantity mined be
ore the war; in the production
f iron and steel we are still far
ehind. The unemployment
ituation has remained praetic
jlly unchanged during the en
ire post-war period. Accumu
jition of wealth has taken place
inly in America. Capitalism is
lot in a position to bring about
real accumulation of capital,
he world economic situation
ill be well illustrated by the
dlowing facts:
1. The unity of tho capitalist econ
nic world is no more and there is
i uniformity in capitalist countries.
Particular crisis of the old cen
r of capitalist world. 3. Agrarian
Hlsis. The American orientation
K foreign policies was an absolutely
ffiilated phenomenon, built up purely
|Jr home production. The possibility
|j u unification In France in connec
||)n with reconstruction has vanished.
I "lie money exchange is getting worse
Id worse. There is a complete stag
‘ t\on of capitalist credit,
iffr Agrarian Crisis.
industrialization of the couu-
Bcx across the sea was going on
I jidly during the war and during the
H riod after the war. The agrarian
■ sis is diminishing quickly the pos
■Kllity of Improvement in industry in
Hrariau countries, and for this reason
Bflfce is stagnation of the export trade
Bid/ (Continued on Page 2.)
♦Communist candidates before
the workers of this country.
Begin Drive for Funds.
At the same time plans are being
worked out to raise SIOO,OOO for the
campaign. Millions of leaflets are to
be printed, setting forth the Commun
ist campaign platform and the issues
involved in the campaign. A general
distribution of campaign leaflets at
least every two weeks after Septem
ber Ist is the program. Arrange
ments are also being made for a coast
to coast tour by Benjamin Gitlow, can
didate for the vice presidency.
William Z. Foster will begin a
speaking campaign later and besides
the two candidates at least ten other
speakers of national prominence are
to he toured beginning in August and
up to the end of the campaign.
Enthusiasm Greets Communist
The nomination of Communist can
didates to make the class fight against
the candidates of Big Business, Cool
idge and Davis, and the candidate of
little business, LaFollette, is being
welcomed both by the members of the
Workers Party and the militant work
ers generally.
Membership meetings of the Work
ers Prty wihch are being held are
unanimous in their support of the Cen
tral Executive Committee and the
Party Conference which adopted the
new policy.
The line-up of political forces is con
sidered the most favorable for a real
fight and mobilization of the radical
forces of the country in support .of
the Communist candidates. With all
other political labor groups, except
the Communists, lining up behind La-
Follette’s campaign for the "indepen
dent manufacturers and bankers,” as
Chairman Johnston put it in his key
note speech, the Workers Party will
become the rallying point for those
workers and exploited farmers who
have advanced beyond the point of be
ing misled by LaFollette’s program of
trying to “bust the trusts” in the in
terest of the small business men of
the country.
William Z. Foster and C. E. Ruthen
berg will continue their series of
meetings .to mobilize the members of
the Workers Party for the campaign
during the coming week, speaking in
the House of the Masses, 2101 Gratiot
Ave., Detroit, on Thursday, July 17, at
8 p. m.; Engineers’ hall, 36 W. Huron
St., Buffalo, Friday, July 18, 8 p. m.;
Dudley St. Opera House, 113 Roxbury
St., Boston, Mass., Saturday,
July 19; Labor Lyceum, 38 Howe St.,
New Haven, Conn., Tuesday, July 22,
9/ p. m.; Stuyvesant Casino, 142 Sec
ond Ave., New York City, Wednesday,
July 23; Breth Sholom hall, 508 Pine
St., Philadelphia, Thursday, July 24;
Pittsburgh, July 25; Cleveland, July
J. P. Morgan’s Rule
Breaks Little Bank*;
Farmers Lose Again
CHEYENNE, Wyo., July 13.—0 n the
day the weary democratic donkeys
nominated J. P. Morgan’s attorney for
the presidential race, two more banks
went busted here. The First National
’bank and the Citizens National bank
closed their doors, while the biggest
banker of them all tells the "asses”
who they must numo for their candi
date. The International banker runs
the government, while the farmers
lose what little they had left in the
breaking of the little banks.
"Farmers! You have nothing to
lose but your mortgages!” is getting
to be the new slogan.
Entered as Second-class matter September 21, 1923, at the Poet Office at Chicago, Illinois under the Act of March 2, 1879.
In Chicago, by mail, SS.GO per year.
Outside Chicago, by mail. 36.00 per year.
(Special to the DAILY WORKER)
WASHINGTON, July 13. —The
tiny black skull o?p which Governor
Charles W. Bryan always wear*
isn’t a sartorial hobby.
The democratic vice presidential
nominee wears it because he has to,
and for no ether reason. Today he
confided his secret to newspaper
Twenty years ago the bald pate
of the governor was seriously in
jured by the sunlight streaming into
his office. The nerve centers were
broken down, and as a result he
suffered from severe headaches and
eye trouble. He was becoming dan
gerously muddle-headed.
Doctors advised him never to
leave his head unprotected even in
artificial light, and so since that
time he has always worn his hat
whenever possible —in his own
home, in his office, in the elevators.
But when social necessity forces
him to remove it, on goes that black
cap that he carries in his vest
pocket. It is collapsible—like his
antipathy to Wall Street.
"It may not look so good,” said
the governor, “but I'm just a plain
fellow, anyway. No style for me.”
Fail in Elections; Cry for
More Help
(By Federated Press.)
NEW YORK, July 13.—Mexican
counter-revolutionists, following the
assumed victory of the Obregon re
gime in electing Calles to the presi
dency, have moved their headquarters
to New York and changed their tac
tics, according to Mexican officials
Stirring Up Trouble.
Propaganda in the form of inter
views and magazine articles are sent
out purporting to describe a Bolshe
vist reign of terror existing under the
Obregon-Calles regime. Such a mis
leading article recently featured by
the New York Times in Its Sunday
edition has called forth a long reply
by Alberto Mascarenas, Mexican con
sul genral for New York and vicinity.
The Times article was suposed to
have been written by a business man,
neutral so far as politics was con
cerned, who had been robbed by the
Mexican government of his banana
plantation. His purpose In writing
was to warn bankers and investors
against Mexican financial corruption
and alleged dishonesty.
"Victim” Paid de la Huerta.
Consul Mascarenas in reply shows
that the Times’ so-called neutral vic
tim, Dr. Adolfo Ferrer, is the notori
ous de la Huerta counter-revolution
ary agent. The consul gives a photo
static copy of a receipt from Ferrer
to Heredia, de la agent in
Cuba, for $24,140 payment for muni
tions used in the unsuccessful putsch.
Having failed to overthrow the
mildly progressive regime of Obregon
and Calles either on the battle field
or at the balot box, the reactionary
interests of Mexico are now concen
trating their forces on Wall Street in
the hope that they can prevent loans
to the liberal Mexican government.
This at any rate is a description of
the plot as given by Mascarenas.
Imperial America
Tells Nicaragua to
Withdraw President
(Special to the DAILY WORKER)
MANAGUA, Nicaragua, July 13.
The United States legation’s note to
Nicaragua has caused the withdrawal
of President Martinez from/ thd race
for re-election. The American note
alleged that "while the United States
government desired the people to
have absolute liberty at, the polls, it
recognize only a president
elected in conformity with the Nic
araguan constitution” which is sup
posed to bar re-election of presidents.
Send in that Subaeriajju •y-r- 1
MONDAY, JULY 14, 1924
Fickle Federationists
Flirt in Politics
Leaders of the Illinois and State
Federations of Labor are trying to
stave off a mess of inconsistencies
which confronts them at the coming
state convention of the Committee for
Progressive Political Action, to take
place in the Chicago Auditorium on
July 27.
The Illinois State Federation and
Chicago Federation of Labor leaders
have endorsed Len Small for gov
ernor of Illinois. Now comes the an
nouncement of the probability of a
LaFollette ticket for Illinois, to be
headed by Newton Jenkins, LaFol
lette’s choice for senator in the April
The Federation officials, who have
withdrawn from Farmer-Labor Party
activity, and turned the New Major
ity into a political reflection of the
log-rolling Gompers policy, are at the
same time flirting with LaFollette.
Two full pages are devoted to a
saccharine write up of the C. P. P. A.
convention at Cleveland. Ben Ferris,
Charles F. Wills and David A. Mc-
Vey, were present. LaFollette lieu
tenants are bidding for the support of
the Federation of Labor.
Embarrassed Labor Fakers.
If the state convention on July 27
puts a LaFollette state ticket in the
field, running against Len Small, the
labor ofiiciair wnr'hav’e to make an
embarrassing choice. They wil have
to either stick to their 1 endorsement
of the regular candidate, Len Small,
or repudiate all the nice things they
have said about him and switch to
the LaFollette man.
It is stated' by well informed Feder
ation men, that Olander, Walker and
the Illinois Federation of Labor will
stick to Small. "They will try to
pack the July 27 convention with
Small men, and endeavor to push
over a motion to keep LaFollette
candidates out of Illinois in the com
ing elections,” one Illinois Federation
of Labor official declared.
LaFollette, on the other hand, is
quoted as saying that Illinois is one
of his best political bets and that his
lieutenant, Newton Jenkins, will run
along with a full Cook County and
Illinois State C. P. P. A. ticket.
Small Deal with Bob?
LaFollette declared in Washington
that, “Both parties have violated their
pledges to the people,” and he has
told his friends he does not w r ant his
campaign connected in any way with
any of the nominees selected by the
Republicans or Democrats.
Rumors are flying around that the
Len Small labor officials are trying
to make a deal to support LaFollette
nationally if he agrees to leave the
Illinois field clear for Small.
Charles J. MacGowan, Illinois lead
er of the C. P. P. A., declared that
the state convention is being called
by the Illinois C. P. P. A. and any
liberal organization that cares to send
delegates. He refused to give a list
of those organizations in Illinois who
have Indorsed LaFollette, claiming he
did not yet have such a list. WheYi
asked whether or not the Chicago and
Illinois labor federations would en
dorse LaFollette Illinois candidates,
he said he did not know.
Small Has Labor In Hand.
It can be stated on good authority
that Len Small has too strong a hold
on the Illinois labor officials to allow
them to desert to LaFollette even If
they wanted to. "They are eating
out of Len Small's hand,” as one
Federation man said.
Olander, Walker, Fitzpatrick, and
the rest of the reactionary labor offi
cials have sunk into another mess.
Lending support thru sending dele
gates, and thru their magazine. The
New Majority, to LaFollette, they are
at the same time indorsing Len Small
for governor, In spite of the denun
ciation of Small's party as corrupt
by LaFollette.
Fly From Turkey.
American around the world airplanes
left here at 8 A. M. for Bucharost.
Led by Lieutenant Lowell Smith, the
three big army planes circled over
Constantinople and then disappeared
to the west.
(Special to the DAILY WORKER)
DETROIT, July 13.—A restoration
of the wage scale in force prior to
June 1, eliminating a cut of cents
an hour, was granted to the car op.
erators of the Michigan Electric
Railway company and the Michigan
Railroad company as the result of
an ultimatum announcing a strike
July 4. The strike would have tied
up lines at Jackson, Lansing, Battle
Creek, Klamazoo and Owosso and
interurban lines involving Grand
Rapids, Saginaw, Flint, Bay City
and other cities. Buses owned by
the companies also would have been
Operators of one-man street cars
were receiving 50 cents an hour, op
erators of two-man cars 45 cents
and interurban operators 52 cents
—a decrease of 2/ z cents an hour
from wage rates in force prior to
June 1.
Cries Because Morgan
Wouldn’t Run Him
Federated Prgss Staff Correspondent.
NEW YORK, July 13.y—The demo
cratic cocks have come home to the
old Wall Street roost. Papa Morgan Is
satisfied. Apparently he was never
much worried. John W. Davis was
his candidate from the beginning.
John has the advantage of being not
only a Morgan lawyer, but also a pro-
British ex-ambassador to London.
That simplifies matters, since Papa
Morgan is the financial agent of thd
British government in the United
“Heads we win, tails you lose,” say
the international bankers. It is un
thinkable that Gary’s “Rock of Gibral
tar,” Cal Coolidge, and Morgan’s repa
rations agent. Open Shop Dawes,
should be defeated- in November. But
you never can tell. So if they vote
out Coolidge, they will vote In Davis.
Morgan should worry.
The democratic trade union leaders
and the American Federation of Labor
non-partisanists are nursing the
wounds they received at the reaction
ary anti-labor convention. After los
ing their fight to get mild platform
promises out of the convention, they
were not prepared for the final insult
of the Wall Street? candidate. Then
in despair they combined and visited
Davis with the request that he accept
the labor and legion official. Berry, as
his running mate. Altho Berry quali
fied as a conservative, he never even
got a look-in. The convention picked
W. J. Bryan's brother instead. He is
supposed to stand in good with upper
class farmers, an important item to
the politicians. They are not suffl
ciently afraid of the labor vote to be
even interested in It.
Farm Reactionaries
Form Lobby Council
To Seek “Protection”
ST. PAUL, July 13.—The new Na
tional Council of Agriculture, launched
here yesterday, will work for the en
actment by congress of legislation em
bodying the principles of the McNary-
Haugen farm relief bill, "so that agri
culture may be placed on an equal ba
sis with labor and industry under the
protective system.”
Injunction Showered
On 100 Unionists in
Rock Island Strike
ROCK ISLAND, 111., July 13.—The
Daniel Boone Woolen Mills stjrtke,
conducted by the Amalgamated Cloth
ing Workers in Rock Island, has
drawn the usual crop of Illinois anti
labor injunctions. Over 100 unionists
have been cited for contempt of court.
The strike has tied up production so
badly that a complete shakeup of su
perintendents io in progress.
Published Daily except Sunday by THE DAILY WORKER
PUBLISHING CO., 1113 W. Washington Blvd., Chicago, 111.
(Special to The Dally Worker) ~
NEW YORK CITY, July 13.—A working agreement has Just
been established between John W. Davis, Morgan's attorney and
candidate for the presidency on the democratic tilcket, and
William G. McAdoo, former Morse and Doheny lawyer, and the
favorite son of the “progressive” and railroad labor union follow
ing at Madison Square Garden.
After declaring that Davis is thoroly satisfactory to “pro
gressive” democrats, Wilson’s son-in-law pledges his “cordial
support” and announces that’
he will take part in the cam
The McAdoo indorsement is hailed
with delight by the Davis managers.
McAdoo is the idol of the railroad
brotherhood chiefs and a large section
of the officialdom of the American
Federation of Labor. They have been
McAdoo men for years. He repre
sents their Ideals and stands for the
things they stand for. McAdoo’s
declaration of an entente cordiafe
with the king “Money Devil” is cal
culated to have a far reaching effect.
The reasoning Is that if Davis is
good enough for McAdoo, who fulfills
the vision of these rail union leaders
to such an extent that their official
organ “Labor” has given him full
pages of publicity, then Davis will
not be very offensive to McAdoo’s
folowers. The Davis managers are
hopeful, at least, of a friendly attitude
from the rail chiefs, which would
amount to a sympathetic neutrality—
even tho they are officially committed
to LaFollette. Needless to say they
expect still more from the Gompers’
Aid and Comfort to Morgan.
To the extent to which rail labor
leaders and Sam Gompers look with
kindness of the candidacy of Davis,
to that extent they are lending aid
and comfort to Wall Street. That
must be admitted. However, such a
liasion between labor leaders and
Big Business is not strange. Not to
speak of the Civic Federation where
Gary and Gompers dine together,
there are other and more significant
things which show the capitalistic
bent of the labor leaders for whom
the McAdoo endorsement is expected
to appeal. The railroad brotherhoods,
which the McAdoo supporters at
Madißon Square Garden head, are pri
marily business organizations»rather
than labor unions. The brotherhood
chiefs, likewise, are primarily busi
ness men rather than labor leaders.
(Continued on next page.)
The Industrial Council, which is the company union run by
officials of the International Harvester company, at all times
enacts only those rules which reduce the expenses of the company
and get more work out of the men. The council is constantly
running Americanization, stock-selling, and safety campaigns
which aim to imbue the worker with the idea that the company is
looking after the interests of the employes. At the same time this
propaganda makes the workers more dependent on the will of
the managers of the Harvester'
Trust and prevents them from
rebelling against the slave con
ditions imposed by the manage
ment and the Industrial Council
upon the men.
In announcing to the employes at
the May meeting of the Harvester
industrial Council that they must look
forward to being laid off, J. D. Grant,
superintendent for the company, did
not talk from the standpoint of the
hardships to be worked on the em
ployes. On the contrary, ho asked
those who were not laid off to cut
down expenses in the plant still fur
ther, and announced that the, piece
workers would be paid on a stricter
Hold Workers Closer.
“It Is evident that the forces will
have to be reduced this summer." said
Grant, "and this leads us to another
thing about which I have talked to the
foremen at considerable length. That
is—the reduction of burden expense.
Now when we huve less to do in the
shop there will have to be less men
employed in the productive depart
(Continued on next page.)
Communist Candidates
For President:
For Vice-President:
Price 3 Cents
But Wall Street Has
Key to His Cellar
NEW YORK, July 13.—With
a fine sense of the fitness of
things, John W. Davis, Morgan's
candidate for president on the
candidate, announced his in
tended withdrawal from the law
firm of Stetson, Jennings, Rus
sell and Davis, which represents
the House of Morgan. This an
nouncement is taken as one of
the best jokes of the season. Its
only serious competitor is the
association of Charles W. Bryan,
the so-called progressive on the
same ticket with the reactionary
representative of big business.
Mr. Davis may officially sever
his connections with the House
of Morgan as an election stunt.
But it will no more serve the
purpose than did McAdoo’s re
pudiation of his client Doheny
after the oil investigation began
and it was discovered that Wil
son’s son-in-law drew heavily on
the .money bags.
The democratic candidate, provid
ed he lands in the White House, will
be the dutiful servant of big business
and will represent not alone the
House of Morgan, but the House of
(Continued on page 3)
■l* *
But You Arrested
Workers, Merrick,
Not Wealthy Patrons
NEW YORK, July 13.—Federal pro
hibition forces moyed to stamp out
drinking in the fashionable gathering
places frequented by New tfirk’s 400.
Following a raid on the aristocratic
Ritz-Carlton roof garden, R. Q. Mer
rick, federal prohibition director, said:
"The Ritz-Carlton raid Is but the be
ginning. We are going to stamp out
liquor drinking wherever we find it.
The more fashionable the place, the
"Rich and poor must be equal in
prohibition enforcement.
“People who bring their own to lux
urious roof gardens are no better than
the longshoreman who violates the
law by buying liquor in a wuterfropt
Merrick said live employes of the
Ritz roof, arrested in lust night’s raid,
were to be arraigned before u United
States commissioner. If they are
held a padlock action against the roof
garden is planned.

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