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HARVESTERCO. LAUGHS AT ALL ANTI TRUST LAW Legislation a Joke to Big Morgan Firm FIFTH ARTICLE. While its costly legal staff has continually warded off suits by the United States and various state governments, charging them with unfair competitive practices, the International Har vester company, by paying low wages and raising farm machin ery prices to the limit has in creased its profit by leaps and bounds. In the year 1923 the Interna tional Harvester paid out sll,- 167,876.00 in dividends, which was the net profit of the com pany. The International Harvester com pany makes not only binders and tractors but it also manufactures mo tor vehicles, gasoline engines, hay rakes, cream separators, wagons, sleighs, tetters, hay-loaders, mowers, and every conceivable kind of farm implement and farm machinery in cluding plows, harrows and cultiva tors. The International has absolute control over the prices charged on all [arm equipment. Three Men Rule 30,000. Farmers in many states have banded together and sued the Morgan trust tor unfair practices, and have won verdicts in some states such as Mis souri. The evidence in these suits re vealed that George Perkins, then part ner of J. P. Morgan, selected the en tire board of directors of the company and placed the power to vote all of the stock in the hands of there men, him self, Deering, and Cyrus McCormick. The control of freight rates, wages to thirty thousand employes, prices charged on farm equipment to 90 per cent of the American farmers, are in the hands of three men. t On February 6, 1924, the Federal Trade Commission filed complaint Joining the International Harvester company and four other implement companies as defendants with all the associated retail implement dealers In the Atlantic States and charging that the manufacturers have co-oper ated with the retail dealers associa tion in a conspiracy to maintain retail prices and eliminate farmers co-oper atives with the trade. Fix Railroad Rates. Since its formation by the firm of Morgan the large and costly legal staff of the International has had continual suites on its hands. These suits charged that the Harvester company set the freight rates for the railroads, forced over 40 independent compa nies into bankruptcy, made their retail dealers carry their full line, or noth ing, raised the price of farm ma chinery thru their monopoly, and dic tated the tariff rules on farm ma chinery. The Fall of the Bastille - July 14, 1789 By MAX SCHACHTMAN ONE hundred and thirty-five years ago the people of France, enraged at the trickery and tired of the rule of the French nobility with King Louis XVI at its head, established its right to have a voice in the councils of the nation by forcing their king to recognize the “Third Estate,” the most democrat ic body In France at that time. Seeing that his soldiers would refuse to fire on the revolting masses of the Parisian people, the king planned to import some 30,- 000 soldiers to dissolve the Third Estate and imprison its leaders. And while the Assembly pleaded with Louis to withdraw the sol diery, the people, strong in the knowledge of their Just demands, and well organized and armed, marched on the hideous symbol of tyrany, the Bastille, stormed it, achieved victory and thus on July 14, 1789, performed the first stroke that finally put an end to feudal GET THE NEXT ISSUE “DAILY WORKER” MAGAZINE SECTION SATURDAY, JULY 19, 1924 1. After the Russian Communist Congress By Moissaye J. Olgin 2. The Coming War By M. Pavlovitch 3. Slogans and Policies in Election Campaign By Alexander Bittelman 4. The Composer of "L’lnternationale'\.By Amadeus Dunais 5. Millerand Goes—Millerandism Remains By Daniel Renault 6. The Red Picnic By Frederick F. Simons And Many Other Interesting Articles. VERSE PICTURES ILLUSTRATIONS — ORDER NOW! THE DAILY WORKER, YOUNG WORKERS LEAGUE TO START CAMPAIGN EXPOSING CONDITIONS IN NATIONAL BISCUIT COMPANY By BARNEY MASS. With the next issue of the “Young Worker,” coming out Wednesday, the Young Workers League is beginning the second of its factory campaigns, to further the Youth’s economic demands. The campaign at Bunte’s was a great success, considering that it was the first attempt. The conditions in the National Biscuit company in comparison with Bunte’s are even much worse and the character of labor more industrial. This drive on the National Biscuits company is creating sentiment for a national drive to follow. Bigger and better results will be obtained from the campaign at the National Bis cuit Co. Employes Dissatisfied. This slave-shop employs child la bor, not locally but on a national scale. The employes are very much dissatisfied with their conditions and indications point out the propaganda of the Y. W. L. wil be invaluable. With the full co-operation of the city membership, this drive will prove to be the biggest and most successful yet undertaken by the league. The Young Workers’ League is be coming popular and its influence in creasing, thru these campaigns. Thru ;uch measures will our press and or ganizational strength increase. This .vork is the most important work fac ing the members and should be given its proper attention. Each branch should immediately begin discussing and acting on this work, to con tribute its share. All league members have now the opportunity to get out on the firing line and do their part in winning over the young American workers for the proletarian revolution. What will your answer be? It should be given WITH YOUR PRESENCE IN FRONT OF THE NATIONAL BISCUIT COM PANY BEGINNING TUESDAY EVE NING, JULY 15. Indianapolis Bulls May ‘Frame’ Jobless Caught in ‘Vice’ Drive INDIANAPOLIS, July 14.—More than four hundred persons were ar rested in a general cleanup in which nearly every man on the police force participated at the order of mayor Samuel Lewis Shank. Friends, relatives and professional bondsmen have secured the release of 286 men and 28 women on bond, charged with vagrancy. Police had arrested everyone who could not give an account of himself satisfactory to them. DOHENY, STANDARD, ETC., WILL TRY TO BUY OBREGON WITH BANKERS’ AID (Special to The Daily Worker) MEXICO CITY, July 14.—American oil men, headed by the notorious E. L. Doheny, who got the California Naval Oil reserves when Sinclair got “Teapot Dome,” and by Walter Clark Teagle, president of Standard Oil, are planning to come to Mexico before the ends of the month to attempt to influence Obregon before he leaves office. The newspaper "Excelsior” claims to have heard this from a reliable source. The group of oil capitalists are going to urge that Mexico change her constitution so that the oil capitalists can make more money. The Mexican constitution does not allow permanent possession of mineral and oil resources and considerably restricts foreign production from subsoil resources. The American oil magnates are playing a wily game with Mexico. They are telling their friends the bankers not to grant Mexico any loan until Obregon assures them that the right legislation will be enacted to give the oil exploiters free rein again. autocracy in France. The first French revolution had begun. For scores of years the dungeon of the Bastille had been a conven ient hole into which were thrown the enemies, large and small, of the kings of. France. At the merest whim of the monarch, a lettre de cachet was produced which im prisoned a political or social antag onist. No trials were heard of. There was no recourse to the courts of jutslce. The thousands who fell into the hands of the kings of France had rolled up a list of names which stood as the accusing fingers of the damned. The Bastille stood for the perpetuation of autocracy, feudal crimes, oppression and mur der of the people. With the fall of the Bastille began the crumbling to its roots of the feudal system of society. Today, nearly seven score years after that memorable event in the history of the oppressed masses of the world, the Bastilles of Ameri- HUGHES’ MAN REEKING WITH GRAFT SMELL Henry W. Anderson Is Whiskers’ Choice (By Federated Press.) WASHINGTON, July 14.—Henry W. Anderson, leader of the republican machine in Virginia, has been ap pointed by Secretary Hughes as a member of the Mexican mixed claims commission. This is the same Ander son who, as legal officer for the army in the matter of war contract fraud adjustments, was given notoriety by witnesses in the Daugherty investiga tion. It was testified by government attorneys and investigators that when a secret report on the huge fraiyls committed by the DuPonts on the Old Hickory powder plant deal, near Nashville, Tenn., had been turned over to Anderson, that report turned up in a conference in possession of the Du- Ponts’ lawyer. Anderson was held responsible for turning this confidential government document over to the lawyers for the thieves. It was at the Old Hickory plant that the cost-plus system includ ed the corpses of workmen who died in the flu epidemic. The undertaking contractor got $75 each for burying or shipping the bodies, and he turned some of them over to the potter’s field at a cost of sll each, thus clear ing $4 per corpse, plus his charge for the use of a hearse. The state department announces that Anderson has often been given special work by its legal bureau. SAN ANTONIO, Texas, July 14. Ramon Roos, confidential aide to President Obregon of Mexico, will probably be named ambassador to the United States. ca’s brutal capitalist masters are filled with the fighters of the work ing class. At Walla Walla, Washington, members of the Industrial Work ers of the World are suffering for their activity on the part of the American wage slaves. At Repres sa and San Quentin, California, there are dozens more. In Idaho, in Texas, the jails of capitalism hold other warriors of the working class. In Farrel, Pennsylvania, Commun ist workers are being sentenced for asserting their "constitutional rights” of free speech and assem blage. The cases of the Commun ists In Michigan still stand. Else where in this glorious land of the free, in this refuge of the perse cuted, workers stand In constant danger of being deported to certain death in the reactionary, white guard ruled land of their birth. In Europe, thousands of work ers are the victims of "democracy” and Fascist rule. The flower of the working class is being jailed and murdered. The resistance of the workers is being met with wilder and wilder persecution. The on ward march of the proletariat to revolution is being answered with bullets and dungeons. Storm the Bastilles of the world today! Reply to the bloated lords of the capitalist world with re newed support to the fighters for working class freedom! In this country the Labor De fense Council, the Defense Commit tee of the I. W .W., the National Prison Comfort Club of Milwaukee, stand in need of your moral and financial aid, especially the finan cial end of It. The International Workers* Relief section in this country is collecting money for the relief of the victims of capitalism all over the world. Give! Give without stint! Sup port the prisoners of autocracy! | Rally against the BaatlUesl I THE DAILY WORKER EDUCATION WEEK SHOWS HOW BOSS CONTROLS SCHOOL U. S. Children Taught Fear of Revolution No better expression of what Amer ican education stands for could, be found than that embodied in the Pro gram for American Education Week, November 7 to 23, 1924, formulated by the National Education Associa tion. '-This program has received the approval of President Coolidge. It is safe to assume that the pro gram for Week is our national el* program in miniature. Ami me l is called upon to provide “Better! ined and better paid teachers, mc! d buildings," “No illiteracy by 1930,”\ m . playground for every child,” “Education in the home —in the school—in the church.” Teach Opposition to Revolution. However valuable these high-sound ing aims may appear, they must be interpreted and appraised solely in the light of their fundamental and underlying purpose. The program gives this purpose in strong and un mistakable terms. The schools are called upon to tdach the following: “Revolutionists, Communists and ex treme pacifists are a menace.” “The red flag means death, destruction, poverty, starvation, disease, anarchy and dictatorship.” “Stamp out revo lutionary radicalism.” “The red flag —danger.” Communities are urged to hold mass meetings. Requests for speak ers are to be made to the American Legion posts thruout the country. Rivet Chains of Wage Slavery. American children are to be trained to shun and avoid that education which holds forth the only prospect of the destruction of the present sys tem of capitalist slavery. In 1917 the schools were used to enlist the willing sacrifice of the youth of the nation to the horrors of the World War. Today they are to be used to rivet more firmly the chains of capi talism to its wage slaves. CITY CENTRAL OPENS COUNTY DRIVEJONIGHT Workers Party Ticket to Enter Field All delegates to the city central co: mittee and all branch secretaries a: requested to take note of the meetin to be held tonight in the Workers L> ceum, 2733 Hirsch Blvd., at which <• Workers’ Party ticket for Cook County will be placed in the political field. The official party communication reads: The Workers Party as you no doubt know has entered the presidential elec tions and placed Comrades William Z. Foster and Benj. Gitlow in the field for President aivek Vice-President In accordance with the Party policy towards the presidential election, the district and city organizations will also in the coming elections place candi dates in the field for the state elec tions and in the cities. This campaign will be a straight Communist campaign against capitalism and its supporters from La Follette to Coolidge. You are receiving a letter from the district organization on this point. Meet July 15 The Workers Party local Chicago must get on the job immediately in order to do its share towards placing Workers Party candidates in the State and in Cook County. Therefore —At the next City Central Committee meeting of Local Chicago to be held next Tues day July the 16th at 8 P. M. in the Workers Lyceum, 2733 Hirsch Blvd., the main order of business will be the placing of candidates in the field on the Workers’ Party ticket In addition other matters relating to the Workers Party election campaign will be taken up. It is of vital import ance that every delegate be present. We want therefore that your branch shall send its full delegation to this meeting which will in reality be a no minating convention. Be Sure Delegates Attend If your branch will not meet before the CCC meeting on receipt of this letter, then you either as secretary or as one of the delegates to the CCC Bhould see that the other delegates are notified and attend. We shall have to work hard to se cure the necessary number of signa tures on petitions to get Workers' Party candidates on the ballot and every Party member will have to work very hard. This CCCC meeting will therefore be the opening of the Workers’ Party campaign locally and for the State. Get your delegates to the CCC meet ing Tuesday July 16th at 8 P. M. Fraternally yours, WORKERS PARTY-LOCAL CHICAGO Martin Ahern, Bec'y. British Flyer In Jspsn. LONDON, July 14.—Flight Com mander A. Stuart MacLaren, British round-the-world flyer, arrived at Ku shiro this afternoon from Mlnato on the first lap of his trans-Paciflc flight, acoorcUng to a dispatch from Kushiro. ’ WHAT’S WRONG WITH THIS PICTURE? (Drawn by Wilfred Canan for The Federated Press and The Daily Worker.) There are several things the matter with this picture. In the first place the animal should not be smoking a pipe. He might be mistaken for General Dawes. But that is the trouble. He is “hittin’ the pipe” instead of doing some thinking. Suppose he took it into his head to kick his jackass boss in the belly! Believe Lips of Branded Pastor Sealed by Fear (Continued from page 1.) hat he spoke lucidly for a few min utes yesterday, when he was asked whether he was not going to try to solve the mystery of his disappear ance and branding. i <lOlll want to know,” replied the tortured preacher, whose back is still causing him suffering. “My efforts to learn who is responsible for this” — reaching backward toward the weird K. K. K. on his shoulder—"would merely create more enemies. God knows there is sufficient strife and dissension and separation among Christians.” Kidnapped. All the Klan victim would say of his kidnapping was this: "I got into an automobile with a stranger, a man in a Ford. No, it wasn’t a stranger. It was some one I knew. He drove up to me as I was waiting for the car from Berkley to Royal Oak and offered to give me a lift. We got out at the bank in Royal Oak. I was waiting for a street car—•" And he stopped. * * * Klansmen in His Church BERKLEY, Mich., July 14.—Dissen sion is tearing the Community church, of which Rev. Van Loon is pastor. Ku Klux Klan members that resented the anti-Klan sermons of their pastor have not all resigned and say they will stand by the organization which is under fire now. The pastor’s sermon assailed burn ing of fiery crosses on the hillside in Klan konclaves as sacrilegious. He denounced the use of the "emblem of peace” as a symbol of “separation and hatred.” The Klan is powerful in this com munity. In the name of religion and patriotism it has been conducting its usual attacks on the rival Catholic re ligion, and against Jews, Negroes and foreign born workers. Klan members feed their fanaticism on the Klan or gans which circulate in large num bers and on the antl-Jewlsh articfes in Ford’s Dearborn Independent. Forced "Vacations.” WASHINGTON, July 14.—Sharp de pression and an increase in unemploy ment in many lines, with part time work the general rule, are the condi tions revealed in a survey by the de partment of labor for the month of June. During this month unemploy ment increased in all sections of New York state. Thero is a growing surplus of work ers in practically all industries in the Chicago industrial area, the report states, there being very little factory work and almost no clerical jobs. The depression is general thruout the country, the report states. Bend In that Today. 2,000 Cloakmakers Likely to Strike in Baltimore Shops (Federated Pres* Industrial Editor) BALTIMORE, July 14: Baltimore Cloak-makers, members of the Interna t'onal Ladies’ Garment Workers Union, are having difficulty in forcing the employers to renew the agreement yhich expired July 1. The union, which is in the midst of an organizing campaign in this market and vicinity, is planning a strike unless the organ ized shops come to terms. Baltimore shops are about 80 per cent organized, the union claims, with about 2,000 union members. Send in that Subscription Today. Anti-War Special TODAY we announce some of the contents of the ANTI WAR SPECIAL EDITION of the DAILY WORKER, to be dated Saturday, July 26th, the eve of the Special Anti- War Week of Communists the world over, July 27—August 4. This list of contents will be added to before this Anti- War issue goes to press. Other writers and cartoonists will give their best work to this special edition. 1. IMPERIALISM, WAR AND SOCIAL-PATRIOTISM (Opinions of International Communist Authorities.) 2. AMERICAN CAPITALISM PREPARING FOR NEW WARS By M. Gomez 3. HOW WARS HAPPEN By Robert Minor 4. WAR AND THE SECOND INTERNATIONAL By Alexander Bittelman 5. THE AMERICAN SOCIALIST PARTY IN THE LAST WAR By J. Louis Engdahl 6. TRADE UNIONS AS WAR MACHINES By Earl Browder 7. THE COST OF THE LAST WAR By Jay Lovestone 8. .WAR PERSECUTIONS By Harrison George Bundles of this issue should be distributed in every city and hamlet of the land. Bundles should be on hand for sale and distribution at all mass meetings and gatherings of workers' organizations. Send in your order now on the ac companying blank: Fight Wars of Capitalism DAILY WORKER, 1113 W. Washington Blvd., Chicago, 111. For the enclosed $ send me copies of the special “Fight the Wars of Capitalism” edition of the DAILY WORKER, to be dated Saturday, July 26, at the special rate of 3/2 cents per copy, or $3.50 per hundred. I want to help raise the standards of Communism against the wars of capitalism. Name: ADDRESS: CITY: - w .. STATE: : « Tuesday, July 15, 1924 Pennsy Shopmen Robbed by Court of $15,000,000 (Special to the DAILY WORKER) PHILADELPHIA, July 14.—Two equity suits to compel the Pennsylva nia railroad to give 62,000 shop craft employes and members of the clerks’ organization more than $16,000,000 in back pay were dismissed by the Unit ed States circuit court of appeals here today. The decision of the court in the two suits affirmed the action of Judge Dickinson in the district court several months ago when he ruled that fed eral courts had no jurisdiction to en force decisions or orders of the rail road labor board.