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BOSTON STRIKE OF CLOTHIERS IS SUCCESSFUL Left-Wingers Rally to Workers’ Support By JAMES J. LACEY (Special to The Dally Worker) BOSTON, August 19.—The situation here in the strike of the Amalgamated Clothing Workers of America is com pletely in the hands of the strikers. Shops previously un organized since the lockout of 1920, at the peak of the open shop drive, have succumbed, and already favorable settle ments affecting nearly half of the 4,500 strikers makes cer tain that the successful termi nation of the strike is only a matter of days. Called originally to enforce the agreement already in exist ence that was not being lived up to, the strike spread to shops hitherto impervious to any or ganization drive. The workers in Macullar Parker Co. and E. R. Smith Co. factories, both in Cambridge, walked out the second day of the strike. Strike 100 Per Cent Effective. They were followed the next day by the clothing workers employed In the shops of Sanunett & Wasserman, Re vere, and Peavey Bros., at East Bos ton, 100 per cent The background of this strike is interesting. For some time all has not been well with the bosses. Sam mett & Wasserman in particular have had a tough time In enforcing a scab shop condition. Last winter they had to have recourse to the capitalist courts. An injunction was secured from a complaisant judge against in terference by union workers, but this was not sufficient, the factory being moved to Revere in order to secure a non-union labor supply. These In effective efforts to prevent organiza tion have had but one result —organ- ization that includes the last man in the shop. Can’t Divide Races. The enthusiasm and solidarity dis played by the workers in the Konda zian factory is interesting in view of the drcumstanoes of this particular case. Kondazian, one of the wealth iest employers In the trade, has made a practice of operating on a nation alistic basis. Alleging discrimination against the Armenians, Greeks and Syrians, he has imported his labor di rect —the raw material. This untu tored labor importation had their first taste of American institutions in the sweatshop and from the police in the service of their countrymen. The story is told of Kondazian financing the local Syrian church. On the Monday following his donation of SSOO for the relief of the distress of his nationals, he handed his nationals a wage cut! Picketing Continues. Despite mass arrests of those car rying on at the picket line, picketing demonstrations continue with the greatest enthusiasm and solidarity. Twenty were arrested on the second day and 28 on the third. Despite the large force of police on hand tonight, the largest demonstrations were held and no arrests were made. This goes to show that the bosses are beginning to realize that the workers on strike oannot be intimidated or their forces broken by any show of force or coer cion on the part of the police. Communists in Forefront. Members of the Workers Party were among those most active on the picket lines, among the first arrested The Armenian and Greek comrades along with the rest of the Communists bore the brunt of the burden. At the mass meeting Joseph Schlossberg ad dressed the strikers amidst the great est enthusiasm. At next day’s meet ing John J. Dallam, district organizer of the Workers Party,/ spoke to the clothing workers. Great enthusiasm continues un abated and the work of the left wing ers Is an Inspiration and source of strength. SICK IN GOLORAUO SWELL THE COMMUNIST CAMPAIGN TREASURY Thru Comrade Ella Reeves Bloor, who Is carrying on party work In Colorado, the National Office of the Workers Party Is In reoeipt of a remittance of $10.76 collected for the Communist campaign fund by the Inmates of the Jewish Con sumption Relief Society Sanitarium at Denver, Colorado. Comrade Bloor writes that the Inmates of the sanatorium are In terested In the campaign of the Workers Party and when a sub scription Hat reaohed one of their members It wee Immediately plaoed In circulation and the sum men tioned above was collected to show the support of the revolutionary i Candidates of tabor. Ji MINERS FORCED ONTO FARMS (Continued from Page 1) because we aren’t used to any work besides mining. At that we were lucky to land a job on a farm. Most of the farmers around here pay three dollars a day to their help. You can only pick out an odd job of a ■day or two here and there to help out during the few weeks of the threshing season.” Miner Must Stick to Mines. “"The two “farmers” were plainly "all in” from their brief hay-pitching experience. They complained partic ularly of the sun, altho the day was [not unusually warm. “A miner is not fitted or able to do farming work.” was their verdict. The very fact that the miners are seeking to enter other trades is proof of their desperate plight. A miner would go idle for months, if he could keep the wolf from the door, rather than go thru labor above ground, which is agony to him. Divernon is a deserted village. The Madison Coal Company mine, employ ing in normal times 825 men, has worked 29 days in the last year. The ;lnen here were laid off in a particu larly vicious way. “We were told that we would be laid off for 60 days," a miner told the DAILY WORKER. “We waited around town, tinkering with our lawns and resting up, believ ing the mine would open when the company had promised. This was over a year ago. -At the end of that 60 days the company told us another 60 days, and this has kept up for over a year. Thus we were kept from peeking employment in the cities, and now no Jobs can be found.” Find Chicago Just as Bad. Recently the men, driven to desper ation, flocked away to the cities, hop ing to be “absorbed In other indus tries," as Farrington naively put it. [But the men have already begun to | crawl back to town, further in debt [and slightly more desperate. “They tell us to go out and grab a job at some other work,” a Divernon miner, I who had sought wort in Chicago, said, “but we simply can’t do it. There are AS WE SEE IT By T. J. O’FLAHERTY. (Continued from Page 1.) not place a presidential ticket in the i field every four years. That is the [ only contribution this bunch of re formers and social patriots makes to the labor movement • • • A FEW evenings ago, a menAerof the Hobo’s organization mounted a chair on Madison Street and deliv ered a little speech advertising a de bate which was scheduled to be held that evening In the Hobo College on Washington Street. He had a good voice and attracted quite an audi ence, while across the street an S. L. P. man was cursing the Hobo for encroaching on his territory. The S. L. P. man talked something like this: “Them hoboes keep telling you jokes and funny stories. Then they pass the hat. They don’t believe in amusement for the masses as a whole. They tell you Jokes and go thru your pockets. They are like the capital ists. They are exploiting the work ers. They tell you about religion. Who cares about religion 7” And so on. • • • AFTER the Hobo got thru announc ing his meeting he quit and the crowd that surrounded him walked along toward the Hobo hall and stop ped to listen to the S. L. P. man. A: soon as the crowd arrived, —a poorl; dressed crowd of unemployed wort ers, the orator took out the S. L. F classic on taxation. "Who pays the taxes?” he shrieked. The socialists say you pay the taxes. You don't; the capitalist pays the taxes. Foster 'might tell you who pays the taxes, bub who is Foster? I’ll tell you who Foster Is. He led a strike ot a half a million steel workers and they got licked. Now, a leader who loses a strike must not amount to much That’s Foster. The Workers Party Is controlled by two men, Foster and Ruthenberg. They are against La Follette because LaFollette attacked them. LaFollette lined up with the labor leaders because the Communists betrayed the workers. Now, any party that Is controlled by two men cannot amount to much. You, comrades,” ahaking his finger at the unemployed, “will be led by the Workers Party Into reformism. Beware!" • • • A LITTLE distance down the street was another man on a soap box giving a talk on prohibition. He held that the curse of prohibition de scended on us because the American workers abused their rights. They drank too much. Now they have to ohese bootleggers around for a shot of moonshine. “Do you remember the day," said the speaker, while he looked around with a playful smile on his Ups, “when you went to work with that big limburger cheese sandwich under your arm and you went into the saloon and got that big schooner of beer?" A person apparently of Teu tonic origin developed a phantasy over this. As if seised with a sudden | attack of tonsillectomy of the Inguinal adenopathy, his tongue gently won- no jobs to be had." Divernon is in the mood of a cow chewing its cud. Divernon, fad thou sands of other Illinois mining towns, are sullenly thinking it over. They know, as used as they are to weeks and sometimes months of unemploy ment, that this is no ordinary lay-off. Apart from their unanimous and vi olent condemnation of Frank Farring ton, the miners react to the severe industrial depression in oddly varying ways. Some of them, not a few of whom have foreign names and whose ancestors learned mining in European countries, claim there are too many foreigners in this country, “Ellis Island ought to be completely locked up for ten years.” Others claim there are too many mlnfers, and the initia tion fee of the union ought to be raised. K. K. K. at $lO Per. The Ku Klu Klan has been taken up as an amusing fad, as a diversion to get their minds off their troubles, by some of the miners. The Klan, with its cowardly robes sweetly to give the Impression of purity, is conducting an organization drive in the Springfield mining dis trict at $lO per "klectokon.” Hun dreds of miners have been flocking to Klan picnics and demonstrations. But these confused manifestations are only gropings for the real solu tion to the unemployment problem. And when the miners see the real so lution, they fight for it like grim death. The DAILY WORKER is well liked by every miner I met who has seen it. The Workers Party solution to the unemployment problem, plac ing the burden on the owners of in dustry and the makers of profit, is daily gaining new converts in the Illi nois coal fields. For Communist Program. "We are ready to form unemploy ment councils,” a Divernon miner told the DAILY WORKER. “We are ready to accept the Communist slogan of workers’ control of industry. We are ready to demand the shortening of the work day Instead of the restricting of the union, because we know the Com munist program is the only true so lution to our vital problems.” dered over hie outer lips, while the speaker sang the praise of the near past and hurled curses at near beer. I thot the speaker was a booster for the Anti-saloon Leage but in a bundle which lay at the base of his soap box, I could see several I. W. W. pamph lets. • • • FOUR persons are reported killed In clashes between Moslems and Hindus at Mandalay, India. This is the work of British agents who fear that unity between the members of both religions would mean the end of British rule In that rich country. Re ligion has been used for generations to divide subject peoples and also to prevent workers of different creeds from presenting a united front to the enemy. * * » • UPHOLDERS of religious supersti tions have made much of the fact that Nathan Leopold, one of the slayers of the Franks boy is a pro fessed atheist. Clergymen rushed into print trying to prove that lack of belief In God was responsible for his commission of the crime. Since then several murders have been commit ted thruout the United States, mur ders just as cruel as the Franks mur ier. That the publicity attending hese crimes was not so great, is not 'ue to lack of revolting detail but to he comparative obscurity of the crlm nals. • • • • WITH the single exception of Leo pold all the other criminals are members of some religious denomina tion. But no clergyman haa rushed nto print warning parents against sending their children to churoh or advising husbands to keep their wives Away from preachers, because the court records show that several hun lred wives have been seduced by clergymen In the past few years, not to mention hundreds of choir girls. But because religion has a strong grip on the minds of millions of workers and the churches are strong bulwarks of the social order, when a moron preacher gets caught the misstep is attributed to the devil’s tricks. Or ilayers of the Frank boy, is a pro took the Old Testament too seriously. * * • TWO thousand Hopl Indiana In Hote vllla, Arizona, are finishing their nine day snake dance ceremonial, which Is expected to bring rain to the drought ridden Indian country. In New York, Marcus Garvey parades, dressed In multi-colored garments and guarded by troops of hls fictitious Ethiopian Empire with drawn sabres. The Hopl Indians may hop until doomsday and no rain will come until the clouds are ready. And the snake dance of the Indians Is not more ridic ulous than the buffonery of Marcus Garvey and hls "Back to Africa" movement. Negro workers who are conscious of tbelr class as well as of racial oppression have a Job on their hands la bringing the movement led by the mountebank Garvey back to earth. THE DAILY WORKER USE EMPLOYEES OF COMPANY TO GET SIGNATURES Potter Offers Pedigreed Dog for Names By OWEN STIRLING (Bpecial to Th« Dally Worker) DETROIT, Mich., Aug. 19. Not long ago the Detroit Edison Co., a wealthy public utility, refused to contribute to the United Bpanlsh War Veterans’ $75,000 fund, the alleged pur pose of which was to propa gandize Michigan In the inter est of law and order, In the fashion of militarist organiza tions. The company gave as its reason that its rates and in come were fixed by the Michi gan public utilities commission and that any contribution it made would therefore be re flected in its rates and would be paid involuntarily by the con sumers of current. The veterans, however, asked in a letter to a member of the public untllltles commission if it was the commission’s practice to oppose work such as the United Spanish War Veterans hoped to carry on. A mem ber of the commission replied that on the contrary the commission encour aged contributions to funds such as the one in question. This letter, used as a club, obtained a large contribu tion from the Detroit Edison Co. Potter Has Great Scheme. And now comes W. W. Potter, chair man of the same public utility com mission, as candidate for the Repub lican nomination for governor of Michigan. He is opposing the present governor, Alex J. Groeebeck, who ap pointed him to his post and who is seeking re-nomination. It is the public utilities commission which regulates the operations also of interurban bus lines as common carriers In this state. It is necessary for a candidate for governor to file petitions containing about 7,000 names. Chairman Potter mailed batches of his petitions to public utility concerns, believing he was in a strategic posi tion to obtain their services in his campaign. One batch of petitions reached D. L. Dlmmlck, Detroit, manager Highway Motor Bus Co. Dimmlck gave the pe titions to about 35 drivers to obtain signatures. To stimulate the drivers’ activity among passengers in behalf of Potter, Dimmick offered a pedigreed dog as a prize to the driver obtain ing the most names. Bus fare for a passenger on a bus was cash plus a signature on the dotted line, unless the passenger rebelled. And so year after year the public offices are filled. FRANCEINDEAL WITH SPANIARDS AGAINSTALFONSO (Special to the Dally Worker.) PARIS, Aug. 19.—At a conference here between members of the French governmnt and on of the factions of the Spanish opposition, an attempt to force the abdication of King Alfonso and to allow the queen mother to rule Bpain until the heir to the throne is of age, was decided upon. Fear Workers’ Anger. The effort Is an attempt to throw dust in the eyes of the discontented workers of Spain by removing only King Alfonso, whose signing of the decree of Primo de Rivera, abolishing constitutional rights, has Infuriated the workers and endangered the se curity of the monarchy. The French are interested in pre serving the monarchy because they fear that the workers, once aroused, may not stop with the establishment of a bourgeois republic, but might set up Soviet rule. Reason* for French Support. It Is understood that If the new lib eral faction comeß into power In Spain, It will reward Its friends In France by giving the French conces sions in that part of Morocco which Is under Spanish rule. Arabs In Moroooo who have been fighting Spanish domination are sub sidled by France, who hopes to galp possession of the whole of the prov ince. Morocco Is one of the richest agricultural districts in the world. Japan Not Out for Philippines. MANILA, Aug. 18. —Representative Inouye of Japan, who is visiting Ma nila, made a statement, according to the Philippine Press Bureau, In that "Japan has no Intention grabbing the Philippines even If the United States turns her loose. As a member of the Parliament of Japan, I know that my country has never entertained the thought of adding the Philippines among her oolonles. All talk about Japan taking over the Philippines the moment the United States grants her Independence Is aboelutely ground less.” Overfed Dowagers of Chicago Would Gloat Their Eyes on Prince By J. LOUIS ENGDAHL. TODAY, the flabby, be-jeweled dowagers of the great rich * in Chicago are worrying whether the Prinoe of Wales will pass this way on his approaching journey to his ranch in Canada. Extraordinary advances to the gambler-drunkard heir to the British throne, now being bulwarked by the Mac- Donald “labor” government, are being made by none other than William R. Dawes, president of the Chicago Chamber of Commerce. * * * * Altho this is supposed to be a republic, altho the United States is supposed to have freed itself from the British king, 150 years ago, the worship of a royal title is as deep rooted as ever in this country’s ruling class. The workers of Chicago may soon see their open shop oppressors donning silken knee breeches and silk stockings, and, in company with their overfed wives, crawling on their bellies before the prince at some blow-out of the local “400” along the Gold Coast. This will no doubt be heralded in the yellow press as an indication of the “upstanding democracy” of the prince. a a a a They have been debating for quite some time in the British Labor Party as to whether a stand should be taken for the abolition of the king. The militants demand a fight against king and capitalism. The MacDonalds take the stand that “The king can do no wrong.” So the king is al lowed to remain. The Russians settled this question for themselves when they got rid of the czar and all his retinue. Most of the Russian ex-princes and ex-dukes are now work ing for a living; not playing chemin de fer with the painted ladies at the Casino gaming tables, at Deauville, France, los ing at the rate of SI,OOO per clip. $ Jjc s£e 4$ The so-called “labors premier, MacDonald, is working overtime in an effort to keep the British Empire intact, serv ing repeated ultimatums on the Egyptians for instance, and proclaiming martial law in the Sudan, in order to hold the natives in leash to the British throne, just as much as they were ever enslaved to a blood-lusting Pharaoh. All this while the heir to the throne remains at the tables until six o'clock in the morning, losing SIO,OOO to an unknoyvn Stephen Lynch, of Atlanta, Ga.; while a Jules Mastbaum, Philadelphia movie magnate, wins $4,000 from the prince. But MacDonald will see to it that the prince doesn’t go broke. More important is the news that the prince spends his sleeping hours, until 5 o’clock in the afternoon, at the villa of Ralph Pulitzer, publisher of the New York World, which has built its circulation on the subscriptions of New York’s working class population. Getting up at five o'clock in the afternoon, the prince sees a polo game, the sport of the rich, and then returns to the gambling tables, while workers are crawling early to bed to store up energy for the next day’s grinding toil. • * * * But Pulitzer isn’t alone in his kow-towing. Hearst is not to be outdone. Hearst’s expert in the doings of the idle rich, who writes under the name of “The Dowager,” has nearly a column in the local Herald-Examiner, telling of the efforts to bring the crown prince to Chicago, and putting pep into the drive for inviting—nay, urging—his highness to come on, if only for a day, on his way to Canada. *4c 'J(c * This stinking mess should turn the stomach of Amer ica’? workers. Thru their stomachs, if not thru their brains, the workers will learn the real nature and make-up of the capitalist class that they carry upon their shoulders, bent beneath the heavy load. * * • * “Towards Communism!” is the cry of British labor, fed up on a fake labor premier, MacDonald, and gorged to the full on a useless royal aristocracy. Let the workers of America join their British comrades in the struggle to wipe out this ulcerous capitalist social order. Rally the masses under the slogan, “Forward to Communism!” FORD FOR SENATOR ROOMLET FLOPS; WORKERS PARTY TO NOMINATE A STATE TICKET By OWEN STIRLING (Federated Press Staff Correspondent) DETROIT, Mich., August 19.—Henry Ford’s sharp notifica tion to the secretary of the state of Michigan that he will not permit his name on the primary ballots September 9 for the Republican nomination for U. S. senator opens widespread guess- ing on who paid petition cir-' culators $1,600, at 4c a name, to fill the Ford petition. Backers Kept Secret. Peter Fagan, secretary, Michigan public utilities commission, ordered the petitions printed. He is the only backer of the brief boom known by name. The R. L. Polk Co. of Detroit, which supplied canvassers, said it was sworn to keep secret the names of the financial backers. Ford said he had no Idea of their Identity. It Is generally conceded that the Ford movement was Intended to start a landslide against Senator James Couzens and others. If Ford could have been maneuvered to defeat Couz ens, It waa believed that John W. Smith, who has resigned as postmas ter in Detroit to try to be mayor, could have defeated Joseph A. Mar. tin, who resigned as acting mayor o's Detroit to conduct his campaign. Workers Out to Get Msyor. Detroit workers are vitally interest ed In the defeat of Martin for mayor. Martin got hls political start as com missioner of the department of pub lic works when Couzens was mayor. He was a strike-breaking commission er. As acting msyor he has given hls support solidly to the Detroit street railway commission In its efforts to smash tha union on tbs munloipal street railway lines. No mayor In De troit's history has been so bitterly hated by trade unionists as Martin. If Henry Ford had become a candi date for senator, It would have had a noticeable bearing on the fight for mayor. Ford’s defeat for senator by Newberry In 1918 may have shattered his political nerve. Senator LaFollette for president and Herb RakeF for governor are cer tain to poll heavily In spite of the fact that Baker Is supporting Cool ldge. W. P. to Chpose Slate. The Workers Party wil have a state convention in Detroit Sept. 20 and name a slate for the ballot In Novem ber. In Defense of Religious Freedom. BEE-ORLUK— (Krimea)—The Krl raea Military Tribunal held court In this email Tartar village. Captain of the border guard, Nazukln, was ac cused of confiscating and burning up the Koran (holy book ot the Moham medan*), the property of a Tartar peasant. The court found the accused guilty of unconsciously discrediting the Soviet government which pro claimed full religious freedom. He was put on probation for 18 months. The trial was conducted in the Rus sian and Tartar languages. Wednesday, August 20, 1924 WITH RAKE AND MOVIE ‘CAL’ HITS THE FARMER VOTE Straw Vote Shows He Will Carry Plymouth PLYMOUTH, Vt., Aug. 19.—Photo graphers were busy here today “shoot ing” Silent Cal Coolidge, as armed with hand-made wooden rake he pro ceeded to gather In the farmer vote via the movies. Like everything Calvin does, his farming was real. As if accustomed to dirt he became a “dirt” farmer just as soon as he hit his father’s farm. Some say that a perfectly good farmer was spoiled when Mr. Harding died. But for that stomach-full of crabs, Calvin would now be spending his evenings whittling away on pieces of a stick in she village drug and general merchan dise store. Like a thotful father, Colonel John Coolidge, he got the title like Dawes got his, left a little patch of hay for the presldent'to gather. The Coolldges believe In making their hay while the sun shines. The hand made rake was presented to the President by Representative Treadway of Massachusetts. While Coolidge 1b not a rake to any great extent, the farming implement Is con sidered quite typical of the man who went from the oil lamp of his father’s humble home to the oily atmosphere of Washington. The rake is made of wood. President Coolidge hailed the ao ceptance of the Dawes Plan with joy. He quietly remarked: “Now there is a good chance for us to collect the six billion dollars Europe owes us.” A perfectly short and crisp businesslike phrase. And just like "Cal.” There Is no doubt but Coolidge will carry this village. GOMPERSSTUDIES UNITY MOVES OF WORLD'UOILERS Moscow and Amsterdam Negotiating _________ ■ -i (By The Federated Press) WASHINGTON, Aug. 19—American Federation of Labor officials are keep ing an eye on the efforts now being made to secure a merger of the Mos cow, or Red, Intern&Uonal Federation of Labor Unions, with the Inter national Federation of Trade Unions which has its headquarters in Am sterdam. One of the most interesting developments, from the American view, Is the proposal that the British labor movement shall act as the go between for the Moscow and Amster dam bodies. Conclusion of the Russo- British treaties has quickened British hopes that the respective labor bodies may likewise come to terms of peace and cooperation. Irish Stand Aloof But In Ireland these hopes are .not yet entertained, according to a state ment made at the Irish Labor and Trades Union Congress at Cork on Aug. 6. Thomas Johnson, chairman of the congress and leader of the Labor Party group in the Free State parlia ment, declared, In answer to a ques tion as to why the Irish body had sent no fraternal delegate to the congress of the Amsterdam International, held In Vienna, that the rivalry between the “red” and the "yellow” labor Internationals in Europe had split the trade union movement from top to bottom. The policy of the executives of Irish labor, he said, was to stay out of the controversy. If they sent delegates to the meetings of the one, then they had best send delegates to both. HUGHESBACK; IS PROUD OF DAWES PLAN WASHINGTON, Aug. 18 —Secretary Hughes, returned from his negotia tions in London, Paris, Brussels and Berlin, refuses to make any further predictions as to the success of the Dawes scheme. He stands on his New York statement that the economic plan will be carried through regardless of the military evacuation of the Ruhr. Hughes Will Bpeak Coolidge campaign strategy includes a series of speeches by the bewhiskered secretary of stats, It is reported here. These speeches would be made In the middle west and would be devoted to claiming credit for Coolidge and Dawes for the peace they claim Europe will have this summer. Not even the fake efforts of Ramsay MacDonald and Herrlot will be recognised as having contributed towards putting the shack les of the Dawee plan on the body of the International working class. Still Chasing the Sun. RANGOON, India, August 16—Ma jor Zanni, Argentine world flier, hop ped off at 7:50 o'clock for Bangkok, capital of Slam. Weather conditions were excellent. Send In that Supeorlptlon Today.