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CORRUPTION IN SCHOOLS HERE SCHOOL GRAFT IS SHOWN HERE IN NEW ARREST Americanization Plan •Proposed One former official of the Chi cago schools has been placed under arrest and another isbeing sought by the police. Both are with alleged school (graft operations that have been going on for seven years and are said to have resulted in the Untbezzlemont of more than SIO,OOO. The tnan who Is under arrest Julius A. Cordes, 1511 N. k Clark St., former head clerk of ; tile bureau of operating en- Igtneering of the school board. rAngust W. Koenig, suspended Jbead clerk of the board’s bureau of finance, has not been ap prehended. Both are charged rtMth padding payrolls. Not th* Only Ones. The eases of these men are to.be added to those of John P. Kiely, for mer chief clerk of the engineering bureau, and Robert E. McNamara, sus pended school custodian, who are charged with selling jobs. The discovery of the graft opera -1 tions of these men bears out the con tention of the organized teachers of ■ Chicago that Inefficiency in the public schools Is due to corruption among officials, and not to the attempts at organization made by the Chicago Teachers’ Federation, as Superintend ent William Me Andrew charged this week. Teacher Writes to DAILY WORKER. A letter from a prominent mem ber of the Federation, a teacher in one of the public schools, telling something of the methods used by the grafters. reached the office of the DAILY WORKER this morning. The letter reads in part: "In regard to the engineers padding their payroll, they are not abova it, as they collected a large slush fund under the previous grafting school hoard. They gave a banquet to Mr. severlnghaus, a prominent member of the school board, and presented a very expensive silver service to him. When he looked in the teapot, he smiled gratefully. It was learned af terwards that it contained a large sum of money, I think, |60,000. Soon Take a Vote in Your Shop THE Workers’ Straw Vote returns art just beginning to come in. Maohine shops, clothing shops, factories and warehouses are beginning to vote on the presidential candidates. Wherever the issues ars being presented by the Communists and militants, there the workers ara voting overwhelmingly for Foster for president, with LaFollette second, and Coolidge and Davis not in the running at all. As an example, Comrade I. L. Davidson, working in the Blair Bros, elothlng shop, took a straw vote after a discussion of the candidates, with the result that the workers voted 4 to 1, as between Foster and LaFollette, for the Communist candidate. The Workers Party members In Chicago are preparing a widespread vote-taking at the factory gates for next week. This should be followed up In a similar manner In other cities. As soon as large enough returns ars In to furnish a basis for comparison, the returns will be printed in THE DAILY WORKER. Take a vote in your shop I Send In the results! WORKERS’ STRAW VOTE THE DAILY WORKER, 1113 W. Washington Blvd., Chicago, 111. The workers employed In the shop of .... —— —— - have taken a straw vote •n the presidential candidates, and the vote was as follows: WM. Z. FOSTER votes; LsFOLLETTE votes; Workers Party No p arty DAVIB votes; COOLIDGE votes. Democratic Party Republican Party I certify that this report Is correet: • ***** Addrfll • Sunday. Sepl. 7,8 p.m. 1 N«th wo,. Haij INTERNATIONAL YOUTH DAY I North and Western Avenues AUSPICES: YOUNG WORKERS LEAGUE (Local Chicago) ADMISSION 25 CENTS Muaic by Young Workers League Orchestra CAPITALIST WOLVES OR FOUR LEGGED VARIETY ALL THE SAME TO RYKOV, SOVIET RUSSIA’S PREMIER (Special to The Dally Worker) SARATOV, Russia, Sept. s.—Fighting off a pack of starving wolves in the dead of night when they trailed his automobile on a lonely road was the dramatic experience of Alexiev Rykov, who succeeded Lenin as head of the Soviet government, and is now visiting the Russian famine stricken families. Rykov travelled 300 miles by day and night thru the Volga slopes visiting villages and hamlets and mingling with the peas ants. Simultaneous with his arrival came relief for the people who feared they .would have to flee from their homes on account of famine. Relief supplies brought * fresh hope and the people are ’ planning to remain in their homes, meanwhile preparing for the next planting season. Rykov refused a military guard and his only weapons were a rifle and a revolver. Asked If he was not afraid to venture into Isolated districts with out an escort he replied: “Well, I escaped eight times from Siberian jails and I fled thru the wil derness of the Ural mountains so I think I have nothing to fear now.” The rifle came in handy when a pack of hungry wolves descended up on the motor car while it was passing thru a wild stretch of woodland. They afterwards the engineers received a substantial raise in salary. "They laughed at the teachers at this time and said, ‘Why don’t you play the game?’ ” To Push “Americanization.” Superintendent William McAndrew has followed up his denunciation of the organized teachers of Chicago with announcements which amount in substance to a declaration that a thoro “Americanization” of the schools is to be put thru this winter. No propaganda or other drives which do not bear the stamp of ap proval of the group of business men which forms the school board, are to reach the children of Chicago this year, according to a statement issued by Mr. McAndrew yesterday. Eight movements have his approval. The Boy Scouts, the Girl Scouts, and the Campfire Girls will be given adequate opportunity to spread the ideas of the American Legion in the schools. The Red Cross, auxiliary American war organization, will receive its mea sure of attention. Washington’s birth day will be fittingly celebrated. One other participation will be cele brated during the school year; the na ture of this drive will be announced later, said Mr. McAndrew. Mobilization Day Too. This occasion will be celebrated on September 12 —mobilization day. A copy of a notice to be sent out to the principals of all the schools in the city, instructing them to hold ap- tralled the automobile just as they trail sledges in winter time but were driven off by rifle Are. Villagers thronged about the auto- j mobile thanking Rykov for the timely J assistance he brought. They said j that this season’s crops were ruined j as there had not been a drop of rain all summer. Grain and vegetables were killed and the people were re duced to eating roots and grass. Live stock died off in large numbers and the people were getting frantic when supplies arrived. Many of the peasants had com plaints to make against the local or state governments. Rykov listened patiently to each complaint and prom ised relief. propriate patriotic exercises on Sep tember 12, has come into the posses sion of the reporter for the DAILY WORKER. The notice is signed “Will iam McAndrew.” The report is still lying in the offices of the board at 460 S. State street, and the teachers of the schools have not yet been in formed of the duty trey will have to perform on September 12. McAndrew’s instruction from the Chicago Chamber of Commerce, ob tained when he first came to the city in January, are being carried out to the letter in the reorganization* of the curriculum in the elementary schools which he is directing, and in the con struction of the courses of the five new Junior high schools. The demand of the Chamber of Commerce was for greater mechanical effiicency—this is, greater efficiency in reading, penman ship and arithmetic. McAndrew’s plan is to bring these subjects to the fore, it was announced today. Import Civics Class. "Citizenship” is the avowed aim of every course in the Junior high schools, according to William J. Bo gan, assistant superintendent of schools. “Civics,” a course of study that edged its way into the curricu lum of the New York high schools three years ago, a study occupying one hour a week has become in the Junior high schools of Chicago, a course consisting of four parts —community, constitutional, eco nomic and vocational. “All of these divisions emphasize the duties of the citizen toward community, state and nation,” said Mr. Bogan. The tone of the course will be very much like the tone of the course in New York. The keynote of the civics course in the New York schools was: “Let us be thankful to America!” Action on the report of Superintend ent McAndrew will probably be taken at a meeting of the Chicago Teachers’ Federation a week from next Satur day, it was announced at the offices of the Federation, yesterday. The hearing by Judge Fred Rush of the Circuit Court on the petition for injunction restraining the board of education from converting the Har per School into a Junior High school will be resumed today. . North Side Branch Meets. A special meeting of the North Side English Branch, Chicago, will be held Monday, Sept. 8, at Imperial Hall, kal sted and Fullerton. Get your petitions signed up in time to report at this meeting. Bring along the signed peti tions without fail. Cleveland Readers! CLEVELAND, 0„ Sept. 6.—DAILY WORKER readers who buy their pa per at newsstands will please take no tice: DAILY WORKERS are on sale every day at Schroeder’s newsstand, East Superior, opposite the postofflee. YOUNG WORKERS OF CHICAGO ORGANIZE SPORT ACTIVITIES League and party members of sympathetic sport organizations, please write or call local Young Workers League office, Room 303, 166 W. Washington St., State 7986. I —Frank Buckley, Sport Director. THE DAI LY WORKER GITLOW WALLOPS FAKE REMEDIES OF LA FOLLETTE (Special to The Dally Worker) PITTSBURG, Pa., Sept. s.—“ The purpose of our campaign Is not prim arily to elect the Workers Party can didates to offices in the government, but to spread the message of Com munism in America.” This was the opening statement made by Benjamin Gitlow at a large meeting of workers in the “Iron City.” The interested i audience, with a sprinkling of steel workers, paid twenty-five cents ad ! mission to hear Gitlow denounce COoI : idge, Davis and LaFollette and ad vocate the Communist program of the Workers Party. Gitlow’s speech dealt in particular with the Labor Day pronouncements of Coolidge, LaFol lette and Davis. Gitlow’s analysis showed that the LaFollette Labor Day message is filled with fake remedies and ideas that could only serve to perpetuate the present system of capitalism. This statement was wildly cheered by the assembled workers. Many Subscribe to Daily. Comrade S. Johnston Knight spoke for subscriptions to the DAILY WORKER. A large number subscribed, and the meeting was concluded with the tak ing up of a good sized collection. A meeting of this character in the city of Pittsburg denotes the progress being made by our party. The holding of a successful and enthusiastic cam paign rally in trust-controlled Pitts burg is an indication of the possibili ties to our party in the present cam paign. Hope for the revolution can in deed be maintained when a body of workers will wildly cheer a Com munist denunciation of LaFollette. Alexander Vlowat Supports Foster in . Communist Campaign (Continued from Page 1) slavery, Foster said, is responsible for low wages, unemployment and war. "LaFollette is not even the yellowest kind of a socialist,” Foster declared. “Let me make a prophecy. Before this campaign is over, pressure will be brought to bear on LaFollette and he will denounce even ttye socialists. “Unemployment is the natural re sult of the wages system. Millions of workers have unemployment to con tend with. You miners have had a pretty good taste of unemployment. Between two and three millions are at present jobless in this country, and the industrial crisis will grow much worse this winter when the summer agricultural and out-door work ends.” Mobilization Day For War. Foster declared the world war was not a war to make the world safe for democracy but was a struggle against other capitalist nations for the world ■ markets. "September 12 we are to i have a national mobilization day. We are told that it is for the purpose of ■ honoring General Pershing. That may 1 bunk some of the workers, but the capitalist nations know this reason is 1 nonsense. They know there is but 1 one purpose for mobilization day, and that is preparation for war. Japan, England and other nations will spur ' on their armaments under the stimu lus of American mobilization day.” Duncan MacDonald, Freeman Thompson and other well known labor 3 leaders were interested spectators, ' who received Foster’s remarks favor ably. 9 , Party Activities Os Local Chicago *- STREET MEETINGS IN CHICAGO. Saturday, Sept. 6. ! 23rd and Oakley Auspices, Italian branches, 4th District. Speakers, English ’ and Italian comrades. . Dickson and Division, near Milwaukee —Auspices. Polish ' branch. Speakers, Hammersmark and Polish comrade. 114th PI. and Michigan—Auspices. Pull man branches. Speakers, D. E. Earley, K. Harris. Habited and Seahor Rts.—Auspices, Greek branch. Speakers, F. Ducklcy ami Greek comrade. Division and Washington—Auspices, North West Jewish branch and Hersch Leckert. Speakers Louis Engdahl, Sid ney Borgeson. North Ave. nnd Orchard St.—Auspices, German and Hungarian branches. Speak ers. Peter Herd, H. Gannes. 30th and State Sts—Auspices, South Side branch W. P. Speakers, Gordon Owens, C. Miller. Sunday, Sept. 7. Washington Park “Open Forum,” Workers Party. Speakers, D .E. Earldy. Pictou, Nova Scotia, Gets Place on World’s ' News Map for One Day By J. LOUIS ENGDAHL. TODAY we find Pictou, Nova Scotia, on the news map of the world. It has been placed there by the yellow press because it provided a temporary stopping place for the Amer ican round the world flyers. It is put there by the Communist press because it stands for another front where militancy is fighting reaction in the American labor movement. What widely different reasons! * * A dr The world flyers epitomize the latest and most ambitious fete of American militarism. It has sent its warships of the air around the earth. Every American school boy will be asked to go around wearing a chip on his shoulder. His imagination will be fired. His country is the ruler of the air, he will be told. Jingoism will be fostered in his youthful mind. He must be prepared for the next war—the war in the air—where the biggest and the fastest air fleets, able to carry the biggest bombs and the largest quantities of poison gas, and to direct the most powerful death rays against the enemy, will win the victory for the dominant capitalism. The achievement of the flyers in girdling the earth will not be hailed as a triumph for human progress. It will be used to symbolize the successful preparations of American imperialism for the next great world slaughter, more deadly, more devastating than the last. * I. * # It is only because these world flyers touched at Pictou, Nova Scotia, that out-of-the-way Pictou is noticed in the yellow press. Suddenly the weather conditions about Pictou become of world-wide interest. American warships ride at anchor in P'rctou Harbor ready to lend any aid needed. The telegraph, cable and radio stations are besieged by an army of newspaper correspondents. The world must be told of this* victory being won in the game of murder. *A* A f But in and about Pictou there live thousands of coal miners, members of the United Mine Workers of America. They are militant coal miners, co-workers with the militants in the United States, sympathizers with the Russian Revolu tion, struggling for the better day for all labor. These Pictou coal miners, in common with those of all Nova Scotia, under the most trying conditions have fought alike against the reactionary rule of the Lewis regime, in the Miners’ Union, and against the tyranny of the British Empire Steel Corporation. When Lewis arrogantly used his power to reorganize the district and unseat the militants in'office, there was a great temptation to withdraw from the organization. It is easy just to quit. Ben Legere came on from “the States” with his “One Big Union” and offered the opportunity of joining a harmless, isolated sect.* But the coal miners of Pictou are fighters, better fighters in their struggle, than the world flyers are fighters for Amer ican capitalism. It is easier to fight with the established social order, with the crowd, than to take a stand on the frontier of civilization and wage a struggle for something new. A A A A The Pictou coal miners, when they decided to stick in the Miners’ Union, when they took a stand against splits and isolation, won a real victory for human progress. They aided the building of the power of labor. They did something constructive for the world’s working class. That is why the Communist press puts Pictou, Nova Scotia, on the day's news map of the'world. The action of the Pictou miners, in com mon with the militant solidarity of workers everywhere over this American continent, heralds better days for labor. It is the forerunner of greater victories of the workers’ struggle against their masters. It is prophetic of the day when the workers will win all power from capitalism, not thru any victory of air fleets, but thru- the triumph of Communism over capitalism; thru the abolition of the whole social system of robbery and exploitation of the employers, and the usher ing in of the new social order, the Communist society. A A A A Pictou is on the world’s news map for a day. But it will be heard from again and again, in the days ahead, in the workers' struggle for power. CAN’T MOVE OLANDER IN JOB CRISIS (Continued from page 1.) Cossacks Only Strikebreakers. "While it is urged by the business interest that the State Constabulary is needed to prevent bank rob beries, for instance," said Olander, “there is no doubt that this state po lice will he used in strikes, especially to enforce injunctions granted by the courts.” Olander felt certain that this mat ter would come before the Peoria con vention, and that every effort would be made to fight this strike breaking scheme. Soft Pedal Klan Issue. Olander also made it certain that an effort would be made to keep the Ku Klux Klan issue off the floor of the convention, "This is purely a religious issue,” declared Olander, claiming that only the enemies of the labor movement were trying to press this issue. Efforts have been made by the Klan forces to get control of the miners’ unions in the state, with the result that the rank nnd file in many unions have started a house cleaning and are ousting members who insist on wearing nightshirts and assisting the forces that are fighting the labor movement. Nigger In Wood Pile. Even when informed of the menace (hat the Ku Klux Klan is to the min ers’ union, resulting in action being taken at international and state con ventions by the coal diggers, Olander refused to take a position on this question. Olander is a supporter of Governor Len Small for re-election, and Small has not denied the charge that he is a member of the Klan. The Peoria convention will also get the report of the state executive board endorsing the LaFollette-Wheeler ticket. Olander refused to state whether any action would be takon condemn ing President John L. Lewis, of the United Mine Workers of America, for endorsing the Coolidge-Dawes ticket. Lewis Is a member of the Illinois miners’ union and has long trailed with the forces now in control of the state federation. Saturday, September 6, 1924 AIRPLANES INTRODUCED IN CHINA WAR City Residents Fear an Aerial Bombing (Special to Tho Dally Worker) SHANGHAI, Sept. s.—ln an effort to break down the morale of the Kiangsu army, the Che kiang forces today began aerial bombardment of the enemy’s lines. Six airplanes crossed the Kiangsu lines between Huang Tu and Liuho dropping bombs. No reports have yet been re ceived as to the results of the bombing. Introduce Aerial Warfare. The Chekiang forces have a fleet of 32 planes and the Kiangsu forces eight. Their employment in civil hos tilities now in progress marks the first attempt at aerial warfare in China. The Kiangsu forces are ex pected to retaliate by bodibing the Chekiang lines and some fears were expressed they may drop bombs on this city. The troops on both sides at noon today apparently had settled down to steady firing from their entrench ments. No gains were reported from either military headquarters. Refugees continued to pour into Shanghai today. They declare that sanitary and hospital conditions at the front are deplorable. Wounded troops lie for many hours under a broiling sun without aid# Press gangs are busy on both sides. Couriers fj-om the front reported that the battles that were in progress all day yesterday died down during the night, but that heavy exchanges of shots took place during the morning between outposts Our Candidates V _J FOSTER'S DATES Elizabeth, N. J.—Turn Hall, 725 High St., Wednesday, September 10, 8 p. m. Newark, N. J.—Labor Lyceum, 704 So. 14th St., Thursday, September 11, 8 p. m. Philadelphia, Pa.—Musical Fund Hall, Bth and Locust Streets, Friday, September 12, 8 p. m. Paterson, N. J.—Halvltla Hall, 56 Van Houton Street, Saturday, Sep tember 13, 8 p. m. GITLOW’S DATES Comrade Gitlow, candidate for vice president, will address meetings at the following places: Akron, Ohio.—Perkins School Audi torium, Exchange and Bowery Sts., Saturday, September 6th, 8 p. m. Cleveland, Ohio—Bricklayer’s Hall, E. 21st St. and Prospect Ave., Sun day, September'7th at 7:30 p. jn. New York City—Central Opera House, Tuesday, Sept. 9, at 8 p. m. West New York, N. J.—Floral Park, 11th and Polk Streets, Wednesday, September 10, at 8 p. m. C. E. Ruthenberg executive secre tary of the Workers Party, will make a series of campaign speeches in the New England States. Meetings al ready arranged for are: New York City—Central Opera House, Tuesday, September 9th, 8 p. m. DETROIT PARTY ACTIVITIES DETROIT, Mich., Sept. 4.—A special meeting of the City Central Commit tee of the Workers Party of Detroit will be held on Monday, Sept. 8, at 8 p. m., in the House of the Masses, 2648 St. Aubin Ave. The reorganization of the City Cen tral to conform with the Program of Action will be completed at his meet ing. The agenda will Include the Michi gan State Convention of Sept. 20, where state candidates will be nomi nated and presidential electors chosen; tho Gitlow meeting of Sun day, Sept. 28 at Arena Gardens; the membership and DAILY WORKER drive, and the creation of special ma chinery for the distribution of the 1 tens of thousands of campaign leaf lets during the fall campaign. The importance of this special meeting makes it imperative that there be a full attendance of C. C. C. delegates and all will be expected to be present.