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AMALGAMATION IS DEFEATED IN ' STIFF BATTLE Delegates Put Up Fight for Strong Declaration (Bp*cial to The Daily Worker) PEORIA, 111., Sept. 12.—A Substitute for the Dowell amal gamation resolution was pre sented by the resolution com mittee and passed but not with out a battle on the floor by several delegates who stood be hind the original resolution. The substitute resolution Which was passed reads as fol lows: “It is neither the preroga tive nor the desire of the State federation of Labor to deter mine what form of organiza tion shall be adopted in any given industry.” Resolution for Amalgamation. The Dowell resolution on Amalgama lon reads as follows: WHEREAS, Only a small percentage of the great working masses are as yet members of the trade unions, great numbers being still unorganized in nearly all the Industries; and WHEREAS, This state of affairs not only militates against the unorganized, whs are helpless, but against the or ganized as well, who find themselves severely handicapped In their struggle for better conditions by the ever present army of unorganized; and WHEREAS, The approaching indust trial crisis makes it all the more im perative that we bring these unorgan ized masses into the unions and thus enormously strengthen our ranks •gainst the bitter onslaughts that are bound to come from the employers as •oon as this industrial crisis becomes general. Therefore be it RESOLVED, That the Illinois State Federation of Labor, in its forty-second annual convention, calls upon the Amerioan Federation of Labor to unite all Its affiliated organizations for a great organization drive in all locali ties and Industries in order to finally bring within the protecting folds of or ganized labor the masses who still re main outside. Delegates for Amalgamation. Delegates Parry and Corbishley op posed this substitute vigorously. Par ly, in Bpeaking against the substitute, laid: "The owning class is amalgamat kl 100 per cent.” He showed how in be 1922 shopmen’s strike the rest of (he railroad crafts scabbed On the thopmen. Delegate Corbishley made a strong flea for the original Dowell amalgama- Son resolution. He showed how today lore is monopoly of industry by trusts which is detrimental to labor. Ke showed how the coal operators -•aar Ziegler, his home town, are buy-, bg up coal mines and shutting them town to starve the miners Into accept bg a wage cut He said: "The trade union movement must teep pace with the development of bdustry or the movement will col apse because of the amalgamation of realth.” He declared the miners at their last May convention In Peoria were in structed to fight for amalgamation in he federation contention. Paul King, of the printers’ union, de- Mared for amalgamation. Walker’s Alibi—“ Unconstitutional.” “This discussion is taking place in fvery part of the labor movement. We ill want it and can’t get it—funny, sn’t it?” Walker took the stand that the in ternational unions must first request imalgamation before the federation, inder the constitution has the right 10 lend its aid.” Delegate Wrigert of the typography teal union, taking the hint from stalker, got up and declared the Imalgamation resolution unconstitu fton&l. Four Days to Go! Put the Candidates Over! All Districts Putting in Special Efforts This Week. REPORTS from the districts are that members will be turning In hundreds of signatures each day from now on in an effort to put every Workers Party candidate in Illinois on the ballot. Many com rades are now turning in fllled-out petitions to their captains, and by the time September 15 rolls around, we expect to have the Presidential Elec tors (Foster-Gitlow electors) and the State candidates and most of the Congressional candidates on the ballot. Then strong licks will be put in for a few extra days to get sufficient signatures for those who will lack ths required number on September 15. Comrade Bill Edwards of the N. S. English branch is setting a cork ing good example for every Party and League member by being on the Job In a number of places. He has gone Into various territories and has turned In lots of signatures for District 7, 8 and 9 and now Is going after another batch in District 1. Comrade Mankoff of the Maplewood Y. W. L. turned In a bunch yesterday for the State and 7th district. Italian and Greek comrades send in word that they will turn In a large bunch of signatures In the next few days. Douglas Park Jewish, Mid City English and others announce that their membership will all be out next Sunday getting signatures. Good—but hurry, hurry up with your signatures! The results to date ars: Signatures Signatures District Candidate obtained necessary No. I—Gordon Owens 700 1200 No. 4—Joseph Podkulakl 400 1300 No. 6—Harry Epstein 320 1000 No. 6—Frank Psllsgrlno .—™..~ 810 3600 No. 7—Sam Hammsrsmark 1400 4000 No. B—George Maurer - 415 800 No. 9—Jack W. J0hn5t0ne.........™... 700 1200 Presidential Electors (Foster-Gitlow electors) and Illinois State signa tures 1475 2000 Comrades, faster and better work Is needed from everyone. Many comrades are slacking and letting a few do all the work. In these re maining days, let every League and Party member get out with petitions and plaoe the Cemmuniet eandidatee on the ballot. CHILE SENATE WON’T LET PRESIDENT QUIT AFTER MILITARY COUP (By Cable to The Daily Worker) SANTIAGO, Chile, Sept. 12.—The Chilean senate this evening declined to accept the resignation of Arturo Alessandrl, president of the repub lic, which was tendered today at the request of the cabinet and the mili tary group headed by Gen. Luis Al tamirano. The vote was 16 to 11 against acceptance. After the action of the senate this evening, Alessandri sent the cabinet a note insisting that he be permitted to resign. Meantime he remains a guest in the American embassy here, where he went early this morn ing after he resigned. When Senor Alessandri quit the assumed the office of the vice-presi dent and took ov»r the duties of the chief executive. TEXASKLUXERS IN NEW WAR ON “MA”FERGUSON Try to Block Her Way to Governorship (Special to The Daily Worker) TEMPLE, Texas, Sept. 12.—The “fighting family Ferguson” was today preparing for another battle. Veterans of copious writs and in junctions, Mrs. Miriam Ferguson, de mocratic nominee for governor and her husband,. impeached Governor James E. Ferguson, summoned their counsel for the latest battle of statutes, the contest to prevent Mrs. Ferguson becoming a candidate in the November election when her victory is unquestioned. Charles M. Dickson of San Antonio and Judge I. W. Stephens of Fort Worth have filed an application for temporary injunction seeking to en join the name of Mrs. Ferguson from appearing on the November ballots. Mere Puppet, Says Klan. Their application charges that not only is the woman nominee for gov ernor ineligible for the post under the Texas constitution because of her sex, but she is a “mere figurehead for governor in name only”, and that “James E. Ferguson is the real can didate for governor for the purpose of circumventing and evading the force and effect pi the impeachment decree.” Ferguson was denied a place on the ballot in the recent primaries because of his impeachment. HARD TO SWALLOW, YET IT’S A DARNED GOODFISH STORY (Special to the Dally Worker.) LOS ANGELES, Cal., Sept. 12. Capturing wild sea elephants, strange beasts said to weight them selves by swallowing rocks when they wish to descend to the levels of the ocean to feed, is an exciting sport, according to United States naval reservists who returned here today from a trip to Mexican wat ers. Four of the elephants were cap tured in huge nets by the navy men off the Guadalupe Islands south of San Diego, Calif., one of the sea creatures will be shipped to New York City for exhibition. UNITED FRONT MOT TO HELP SILK WALKOUT iV. Y. Arranges Meeting on September 16 (Special to The Daily Worker) NEW YORK, Sept. 12.—A monster mass meeting for the benefit of the Paterson silk strikers will be held at Webster Hall, 119 East 11th Street, near Third, Avenue, next Tuesday, September 16, at 8 o’clock sharp. The principal speakers will be H. M. Wicks, of New York, and Adolph Lessing, of Paterson. Wicks has long been promi nent in the labor movement thruout the United States and has been taking a leading part in the Paterson strike, and he has been made the target of the vilest abuse by the local kept, press of Paterson. His inspiring speeches day after day have aided materially in holding the lines intact in the present struggle, which is in many respects the most brilliant ever staged in Paterson. Lessing a Noter Fighter. Adolph Lessing has long been recog nized as a leader of the Paterson workers, a veteran of a whole series of labor struggles having been the secretary of the great strike of 1913, in which Bill Haywood, Gurley Flynn, and others played an important part and were imprisoned for their fight against the silk mill owners. Lessing was arrested with Haywood and Flynn for his part in the strike and as the organizer and leader of the present strike conducted by the Associated Silk Co. workers. In addition to these speakers, there will be a number of others prominent in the New York City labor movement. Other Pater son strikers will also be present, in cluding women and children whose labor has contributed to build up the silk industry of Paterson. The strike is now a month old and was called against the infamous four loom system, which has been imposed upon the workers in this industry dur ing the past decade. Tho there has been no marked change in the produc tive power of the loom for many years, the gradual speeding up from one loom to a worker to the two loom sys tem and then the three and four loom' system, forces the workers to exhaust every ounce of energy they possess. Vital statistics in this industry show a marked rise in the death rate since the introduction of the multiple loom system. So in the last analysis, these workers are fighting not merely for conditions, but for life itself. Other demands include the 8-hour day and the 44-hour week, a raise in wages, recognition of the union, and the right of organizers to enter the mills on doing business. Police and Injunctions. Though this strike has been the most peaceful ever conducted In Pat erson, still there has been consider able police terrorism and the use of the infamous injunction. On one oc casion 107 pickets were arrested while picketing one mill. So effective has been the strike that the mill owners finally resorted to the ancient weapon, the injunction. The first injunction against the strikers was obtained last Monday by Rosenstein Bros. Imme diately steps were taken by the union to fight this injunction and no sooner had the fight begun than a number of other firms including Kauffman Bros., Haenichen Bros., Samuel J. Aransohn, and the notorious Gilt Edge concern, before whose plant the 107 were ar rested, secured a blanket injunction against the organization, naming spe cifically Adolph Lessing, Fred Hoel scher, the secretary of the union, H. M. Wicks, and others. This injunction follows closely the language used by Harry M. Daugher ty, a now discredited member of the Harding-Coolldge oil cabinet in his in junction against the striking shop men in 1922. At the Webster Hall meet ing, the speakers will Inform the au dience regarding tactics to be pursued in fighting this injunction. The pur pose of this meeting is to organize a united front of all sympathetic labor organizations for the purpose of aiding the Paterson strikers in their present struggle. Admission will be free. All militant workers of New York should make it a point to be at this meeting and show the Paterson strikers that labor elsewhere is opposed to the mill slaves of Paterson, being reduced to the economic condition of Chinese coolies. WORKERS PARTY STREET MEET INQS IN CHICAGO Saturday, Sept, 13th, North Ava. <1 Orchard St.—auaplcea Gar. irian-Itunftarian branchca. Speakers, John Edward*, H. Gannas, F. Buckley. 114th PI. and Mlehlgan—auspice* Pull man branchca. .Speakers, M. Shacht mnn, and other*. 30th A Stata Sta.—auaplcea So. Side br. Speakers, Gordon Owens, Jos. Manley. Division and Washtenaw—auspices N. W. Jewish branch. Speakers, Gometx, P. Herd, and Jewish comrade. Roosevelt A St. Louis—auspices D. P. Jewish branch. Speakers, D. Earley, Dozenberg, Siegel. Milwaukee A Paulina—auspices Polish branch. Speakers, Mauer, and Polish comrade. Sunday Evening—Sept. 14. Washington Park "Open Forum”— Speaker for Workers Party—D. IS. Early. THE DAILY WORKER WORLD IS IN HELLUVA FIX WITH REVOLT, WAR AND PIUAGE POPPING ALLAHABAD, India, Sept. Fifteen persons have been killed In rioting between Hindoos and Mo hammedans within the past 24 hours. The police are in full con trol today. Part of the Hindu quart er was burned. • • • ATHENS, Sept. 12. Generals Tseroulis and Psnayotopoulos were arrested today on a charge of at tempting to foment a military re volt to overthrow the present regime. • • * MILAN, Italy, Sept. 12.—Armando Casalini, a Fascist member of the Chamber of Deputies, was shot and mortally wounded by a private guard on his villa estate today. He was shot by Giovanni Corvi, a worker, who, when arrested, told the fascist militiamen that he had fired upon Casalini to avenge the late Giacomo Matteotti, murdered by Mussolini’s black shirts. Casalini died without regaining consciousness. * * * MADRID, Sept. 12. Ex-Minister Ossorio Gamlardo was imprisoned today at the disposition of the mili tary courts for spreading rumors prejudicial to the discipline of the army. • * * CAIRO, Egypt, Sept. 12.—Wahabi (Arab) tribesmen who are on the warpath against Trans-Jordania, Hedjaz, and Irak, have captured, pil laged and burned the town of Taif, according to word received here to day. It had 10,000 population. State Labor Body Decides Against Aid for the Jobless (Continued from page 1) ganize internationally to combat the employers and exploiters of labor. Dictatorship of Workers. “You may be against Russia because It Is a dictatorship, but it is a dicta torship of the working class. Did not the United States government recog nize the capitalist dictatorship of Italy, Spain and Poland. “We have a dictatorship of capi talism in our own country. An example of this is to be found in the steel in dustry where one man, Judge Elbert H. Gary, dictates how thousands of exploited steel workers shall live.” Corbishley told how the miners of Ziegler had the spirit ol international solidarity. He told how'they iiad been shipping mining tools and supplies to their fellow miners in Russia, who be cause of their suffering during the world war are badly impoverished. Tells of Persecution. .Corbishley recounted the history of persecution of the workers of Russia by the imperialist Czar. He related their sufferings during the world war and afterwards, thru civil war and famine, and blockade by foreign capi talist nations Including the United States. “And on top of that,” Corbish ley declared, “the convention of work ers here is asked by the resolutions committeee to ignore the only working class government in the world. “We, as working men and women, and as trade unionists, should extend a fraternal hand to the working class government of Soviet Russia when capitalist governments are trying to strangle the workers there and put a Czar back on the throne. If Russia has a better form of government, should we even be afraid to investigate it? We don’t expect the Morgans and Rockefellers to favor recognition of the workers’ and farmers’ republic, but we expect a labor body such as this to favor recognition. There is no room there for the capitalists.” Postal Clerk for Russia. Delegatea William F. Stelzer, Local No. 1, of the National Federation of Post Office Clerks, declared in favor of recognition of Soviet Russia. “Just because we don’t agree with their ideas are we going to be against them and try to keep their people down?” he asked. “Russia has been satisfied with her form of government for six years now and it seems to me wo ought to allow her to have the form of government the people there have indorsed.” Not one person voted, spoke against recognition. Altho 255 voted in favor of the committee’s report the recognition resolution, not one out of those 255 stood on his feet and gave a single reason against Soviet Russian recognition. Anton Johannsen told the DAILY WORKER he is for recognition of Soviet Russia because he believes in freedom of the peoples of each coun try to determine its own form of gov ernment. The resolutions offered on unem ployment demanded immediate for mation of unemployment councils, the calling of conferences to devise un employment relief, especially for tho miners, agitation for unemployment betaeflts, to be paid by the state and demauds that the Industry take care of its own unemployed. None of these recommendations were indorsed by the convention. NOTICE I CLEVELAND READERB! The DAILY WORKER is sold dally at Schroeder'a Newa Stand on E. Su perior, opposite the Poat Office. Laugh with Sid Smith at Race of Andy Gump for the White House By J. LOUIS ENGDAHL. TODAY, the business of electing a president of the United States has become a comedy, insofar as the capitalist candidates are concerned. It is the sport of the comic strip artists, who enter their own ludicrous characters in the race for the White House. They have the nation laughing at what the 100 per cent paytrioteers excitedly refer to as “the high est office in the land.” It is dangerous to set the millions laughing at some thing that is supposed to be serious; especially such an im portant bulwark of the American capitalist system as the presidential pillar, long held up as the desired and possible achievement of every American youth. “Bud” Fisher, the creator of “Mutt and Jeff,” only in- • dulges the performing creatures of his pen with sporadic spurts for the White House. Between having them act alter nately as presidential candidates, he uses them as sparring partners for Dempsey, boon companions of the Prince of Wales, or outstripping the world fliers with their paper feats in the air. Before “Silent Cal” Coolidge can work up enough exer tion to take offense at Fisher’s comic slurs at his job, Mutt and Jeff are turned loose on new exploits. Even to preach the doctrine of servile labor, either of Jeff serving Mutt, or the other way around. Perhaps that is Fisher's way of “co vering-up.” But Sidney Smith, who has given “Andy Gump,” “Chester” and “Min” to the World, has hurled his hero “Andy” into the presidential ring with more seriousness than any comic artist has yet attempted. There is almost a whole page of stuff in the Chicago Tribune, in which not only “Sid” and his hilarious friends, but also the staid Tribune itself, in pictures and news articles, all join in laughing at this exalted job called “The Pres idency.”. # « * * The story is told of the great celebration when Sidney Smith invited all his friends to the unveiling of a “bronze statue” of “his candidate,” heralded by none other than former Judge Adelor J. Petit, of Chicago, as “more silent than Cal.” , The unveiling ceremonies were held at the estate of the comic artist, on the shores of Lake Geneva, near the border line between Illinois and Wisconsin. It pays to be a comic artist for the capitalist press. Radical and revolutionary artists do not have beautiful lake shore villas. They usually have a hard time finding where the next meal comes from. But the space given the unveiling of the bronze statue of “Andy Gump” must now take its place with the wide publicity extended to the recently conducted, cross-country race participated in by Barney Google’s “Spark Plug,” the premier attraction of the Hearst comic pages. It was appropriate that Richard Henry “Dick” Little, the humorous paragrapher, should explain Gump’s platform to the friends *>f his creator. One of “Dick” Little’s greatest newspaper achievements, on behalf of his class, in the service of William Randolph Hearst, was sending to Chicago the most perverted and false accounts of the great strike of the Michigan copper miners some years ago. * # * * This making fun of the esteemed things in the capitalist social order, indicates a rotting way at the foundation of this passing system of society. Leonid Andreyev, the Russian dramatist, in his play, “He Who Gets Slapped,” must have had something like this in mind when he has Briquet, the manager of the circus protest to “He,” the clown, against the liberties the clown is taking with his audiences. * * # * “But they laughed, nevertheless,” protests “He.” “But without pleasure, without pleasure,” returns Briquet. “It’s not the right game—they won’t like you.” Someone else interjects with, “The orchestra did not laugh.” "Because they were getting it,” puts in Jackson, an older crown, "but the galleries did, because they were looking at the orchestra get ting slapped.” Later Jackson adds, "He had already begun to make them angry.” •* m * * The clown “He” was getting under the skins of the respectables in the high-priced orchestra seats with his cynical humor. They were the butt of his shafts of wit. Andreyev’s clown, “He,” was an intellectual from this same “upper class,” driven by his own domestic troubles to assume the role of mirth provoker in the sawdust arena. And he knew his own class and could therefore the better poke fun at it. * * # * We do not doubt that Coolidge, Davis and La Follette suffer mental twitches of agony at being entered in the pres idential race with Andy Gump, with Mutt and Jeff, and no doubt also with Barney Google before this campaign is over. Yet why should they? Gump, Mutt, Jeff, Google and “Tillie the Toiler” are as much a part of this social system as the presidency to which Cal, John Wall Street and “Bobcat Bob” aspire. Imagine the workers and peasants of Soviet Russia re fusing to take seriously the high offices in the Workers’ Republic. Such a thing could never be. Imagine the revo lutionary artists under Soviet Rule poking fun at the men and women who occupy the most important positions in the land. That could never happen. In Soviet Russia the whole struggle of the multitudes is in building the new order. It is a serious business, from the most prominent to those who serve the least, because of their limited abilities. In the United States, in the period of the decadence of capitalism, artists and writers use their best brains poking fun at the nation's popular idols. The most active press workers at the conventions of the capitalist parties were the jokesmiths, the funny columnists and the humorous sketch artists. There is only one candidacy that is being taken serious ly in this presidential struggle. That is the candidacy of the Communists—the only menace to the doddering capitalist order. Workers and farmers, while giving their most, intense efforts in aid of the Communist ticket in this campaign, may well laugh with Sydney Smith in his offering of “Andy Gump” as an opponent of the capitalist candidates racing for the White House. When the whole working class begins to look upon Wall Street's government as a grim joke perpetrated upon them, the end of the days of capitalism in these United States will draw rapidly nearer. Even humorists may help as the hangmen of Morgan’s capitalist social order. Saturday, September 13, 1924 HAD HARD TIME TRYING TO GET “CHESTS OUT!” Bat the Chesty Corporal Tried to Do His Best (Continued from Page 1.) ers Party and the Young Workers League for decent living conditions among the slaves .of the National Bis cuit company. News of the union meetings all over the country. Not a single union represented in the “par ade” to put a stop to the destruction of the DAILY WORKER. The fifty papers had been torn from the hands of a Workers Party mem ber who had attempted to distribute them at the end of the “celebration.” The "khakied” officers fell on the girl with the papers, pushed her,' mawled her, puched her, and tore the papers from her hands. “Damn Bolshevik,” shrieks a ten year-old boy. “G’wan back to Rooshy!” yells a fat man. Police Grab Girl Communist. Two police escorted the girl towards Wabash avenue. The paytriots fol lowed. A guard whipped out his pis tol. “If you come a step nearer. I’ll shoot.” The paytriots fall back. Dare a pis tol shot to get at the enemy? Never! The police hurry the girl Into a Yellow scab taxi, with two little flags in front. All the Yellow scab taxis carried two little flags in front on Defense Day- Later the DAILY WORKER booster arrived at our office to tell her story. Hoodlums Fails to Break Up Communist Meet in Pittsburgh PITSBURGH, Pa., Sept. 12.—While a terrified and cowardly representa tive of “law and order” watched from behind a telephone pole, a drunken crew of hoodlums attempted to break up a street meeting held by the Work ers Party at the corner of 28th and Penn Ave., the heart of the Pitts burgh foreign district. The meeting was addressed by Com rades Pat H. Toohey in English, and Kowalski in Polish. Both speakers exposed the LaFollette illusion, the war schemes of the American imperi alists and the unemployment issue. The rowdy element tried everything in their bag of tricks to break up the meeting, finally assaulting a Party member who was selling literature. A large and attentive crowd listened to Toohey and larger yet to Kowalski, who spoke in Polish, after the row dies were disposed of. Open Air Meeting Tonight. Gorden Owens, a Negro, Commun ist candidate for congress, in the first district and Joseph Manley, campaign manager of the Workers Party, will speak at 30th and So. State streets at 8 p. m. Regular weekly meetings at that corner are attracting hun dreds of Negro workers and many of them are joining the So. Side Branch of the Workers Party. Be on hand to distribute literature. Fakers Flop For Faker. SPRINGFIELD, Ohio, Sept. 12.—The The Ohio Federation of Labor here to day endorsed the candidacies of Sen ator Robert M. LaFollette for presi dent, and Senator Burton K. Wheeler for vice-president. NEW YORK T. U. E. L. TO - HELP RAISE FUNDS FOR WORKERS PARTY TICKET NEW YORK, Sept. 12.—Member* of the Trade Educational League in New York City are preparing to car ry on a two-week campaign In the shops for the purpose of raising funds for the Election Campaign Fund of the Workers Party. During the period from Septem ber 14 to September 28, many shops will be visited. Workers are urged to be prepared to contribute and prepare their fellow workers to help out in the work of raising funds to carry on the campaign and thus co-operate In reaching the masses of workers in this country with ths message of Communism. The Trade Union Educational League which Is solidly behind this political effort Os the Workers Party, is working out the detslled plans for the great Shop Collection Compalgn Drive. At its conference to be held Friday, Sept. 12, these plans will be finally approved and put into opera tion. Militants are preparing to take part in the celebration of the open ing of the Shop Collection Cam paign at the Proletarian Banquet that Is being given in honor of Wm. Z. Foster, the candidate for presi dent on the Workers Party ticket, at Webster Hall, 11th St. and Third Ave., Sunday evening, Sept. 14. The banquet is being held under ths auspices of the Needle Trades Sec tion of the T. U. E. L.