IS DEFEATED IN
' STIFF BATTLE
Delegates Put Up Fight
for Strong Declaration
(Bp*cial to The Daily Worker)
PEORIA, 111., Sept. 12.—A
Substitute for the Dowell amal
gamation resolution was pre
sented by the resolution com
mittee and passed but not with
out a battle on the floor by
several delegates who stood be
hind the original resolution.
The substitute resolution
Which was passed reads as fol
lows: “It is neither the preroga
tive nor the desire of the State
federation of Labor to deter
mine what form of organiza
tion shall be adopted in any
Resolution for Amalgamation.
The Dowell resolution on Amalgama
lon reads as follows:
WHEREAS, Only a small percentage
of the great working masses are as
yet members of the trade unions, great
numbers being still unorganized in
nearly all the Industries; and
WHEREAS, This state of affairs not
only militates against the unorganized,
whs are helpless, but against the or
ganized as well, who find themselves
severely handicapped In their struggle
for better conditions by the ever present
army of unorganized; and
WHEREAS, The approaching indust
trial crisis makes it all the more im
perative that we bring these unorgan
ized masses into the unions and thus
enormously strengthen our ranks
•gainst the bitter onslaughts that are
bound to come from the employers as
•oon as this industrial crisis becomes
general. Therefore be it
RESOLVED, That the Illinois State
Federation of Labor, in its forty-second
annual convention, calls upon the
Amerioan Federation of Labor to unite
all Its affiliated organizations for a
great organization drive in all locali
ties and Industries in order to finally
bring within the protecting folds of or
ganized labor the masses who still re
Delegates for Amalgamation.
Delegates Parry and Corbishley op
posed this substitute vigorously. Par
ly, in Bpeaking against the substitute,
laid: "The owning class is amalgamat
kl 100 per cent.” He showed how in
be 1922 shopmen’s strike the rest of
(he railroad crafts scabbed On the
Delegate Corbishley made a strong
flea for the original Dowell amalgama-
Son resolution. He showed how today
lore is monopoly of industry by
trusts which is detrimental to labor.
Ke showed how the coal operators
-•aar Ziegler, his home town, are buy-,
bg up coal mines and shutting them
town to starve the miners Into accept
bg a wage cut He said:
"The trade union movement must
teep pace with the development of
bdustry or the movement will col
apse because of the amalgamation of
He declared the miners at their last
May convention In Peoria were in
structed to fight for amalgamation in
he federation contention.
Paul King, of the printers’ union, de-
Mared for amalgamation.
Walker’s Alibi—“ Unconstitutional.”
“This discussion is taking place in
fvery part of the labor movement. We
ill want it and can’t get it—funny,
Walker took the stand that the in
ternational unions must first request
imalgamation before the federation,
inder the constitution has the right
10 lend its aid.”
Delegate Wrigert of the typography
teal union, taking the hint from
stalker, got up and declared the
Imalgamation resolution unconstitu
Four Days to Go! Put the Candidates Over!
All Districts Putting in Special Efforts This Week.
REPORTS from the districts are that members will be turning In
hundreds of signatures each day from now on in an effort to put
every Workers Party candidate in Illinois on the ballot. Many com
rades are now turning in fllled-out petitions to their captains, and by the
time September 15 rolls around, we expect to have the Presidential Elec
tors (Foster-Gitlow electors) and the State candidates and most of the
Congressional candidates on the ballot. Then strong licks will be put
in for a few extra days to get sufficient signatures for those who will
lack ths required number on September 15.
Comrade Bill Edwards of the N. S. English branch is setting a cork
ing good example for every Party and League member by being on the
Job In a number of places. He has gone Into various territories and has
turned In lots of signatures for District 7, 8 and 9 and now Is going
after another batch in District 1. Comrade Mankoff of the Maplewood
Y. W. L. turned In a bunch yesterday for the State and 7th district.
Italian and Greek comrades send in word that they will turn In a large
bunch of signatures In the next few days. Douglas Park Jewish, Mid
City English and others announce that their membership will all be out
next Sunday getting signatures. Good—but hurry, hurry up with your
The results to date ars:
District Candidate obtained necessary
No. I—Gordon Owens 700 1200
No. 4—Joseph Podkulakl 400 1300
No. 6—Harry Epstein 320 1000
No. 6—Frank Psllsgrlno .—™..~ 810 3600
No. 7—Sam Hammsrsmark 1400 4000
No. B—George Maurer - 415 800
No. 9—Jack W. J0hn5t0ne.........™... 700 1200
Presidential Electors (Foster-Gitlow
electors) and Illinois State signa
tures 1475 2000
Comrades, faster and better work Is needed from everyone. Many
comrades are slacking and letting a few do all the work. In these re
maining days, let every League and Party member get out with petitions
and plaoe the Cemmuniet eandidatee on the ballot.
CHILE SENATE WON’T
LET PRESIDENT QUIT
AFTER MILITARY COUP
(By Cable to The Daily Worker)
SANTIAGO, Chile, Sept. 12.—The
Chilean senate this evening declined
to accept the resignation of Arturo
Alessandrl, president of the repub
lic, which was tendered today at the
request of the cabinet and the mili
tary group headed by Gen. Luis Al
tamirano. The vote was 16 to 11
After the action of the senate this
evening, Alessandri sent the cabinet
a note insisting that he be permitted
to resign. Meantime he remains a
guest in the American embassy
here, where he went early this morn
ing after he resigned.
When Senor Alessandri quit the
assumed the office of the vice-presi
dent and took ov»r the duties of the
IN NEW WAR ON
Try to Block Her Way
(Special to The Daily Worker)
TEMPLE, Texas, Sept. 12.—The
“fighting family Ferguson” was today
preparing for another battle.
Veterans of copious writs and in
junctions, Mrs. Miriam Ferguson, de
mocratic nominee for governor and
her husband,. impeached Governor
James E. Ferguson, summoned their
counsel for the latest battle of
statutes, the contest to prevent Mrs.
Ferguson becoming a candidate in the
November election when her victory
Charles M. Dickson of San Antonio
and Judge I. W. Stephens of Fort
Worth have filed an application for
temporary injunction seeking to en
join the name of Mrs. Ferguson from
appearing on the November ballots.
Mere Puppet, Says Klan.
Their application charges that not
only is the woman nominee for gov
ernor ineligible for the post under the
Texas constitution because of her
sex, but she is a “mere figurehead for
governor in name only”, and that
“James E. Ferguson is the real can
didate for governor for the purpose
of circumventing and evading the
force and effect pi the impeachment
Ferguson was denied a place on the
ballot in the recent primaries because
of his impeachment.
HARD TO SWALLOW,
YET IT’S A DARNED
(Special to the Dally Worker.)
LOS ANGELES, Cal., Sept. 12.
Capturing wild sea elephants,
strange beasts said to weight them
selves by swallowing rocks when
they wish to descend to the levels
of the ocean to feed, is an exciting
sport, according to United States
naval reservists who returned here
today from a trip to Mexican wat
Four of the elephants were cap
tured in huge nets by the navy men
off the Guadalupe Islands south of
San Diego, Calif., one of the sea
creatures will be shipped to New
York City for exhibition.
MOT TO HELP
iV. Y. Arranges Meeting
on September 16
(Special to The Daily Worker)
NEW YORK, Sept. 12.—A
monster mass meeting for the
benefit of the Paterson silk
strikers will be held at Webster
Hall, 119 East 11th Street, near
Third, Avenue, next Tuesday,
September 16, at 8 o’clock
sharp. The principal speakers
will be H. M. Wicks, of New
York, and Adolph Lessing, of
Wicks has long been promi
nent in the labor movement
thruout the United States and
has been taking a leading part
in the Paterson strike, and he
has been made the target of the
vilest abuse by the local kept,
press of Paterson.
His inspiring speeches day after day
have aided materially in holding the
lines intact in the present struggle,
which is in many respects the most
brilliant ever staged in Paterson.
Lessing a Noter Fighter.
Adolph Lessing has long been recog
nized as a leader of the Paterson
workers, a veteran of a whole series
of labor struggles having been the
secretary of the great strike of 1913,
in which Bill Haywood, Gurley Flynn,
and others played an important part
and were imprisoned for their fight
against the silk mill owners. Lessing
was arrested with Haywood and Flynn
for his part in the strike and as the
organizer and leader of the present
strike conducted by the Associated
Silk Co. workers. In addition to these
speakers, there will be a number of
others prominent in the New York
City labor movement. Other Pater
son strikers will also be present, in
cluding women and children whose
labor has contributed to build up the
silk industry of Paterson.
The strike is now a month old and
was called against the infamous four
loom system, which has been imposed
upon the workers in this industry dur
ing the past decade. Tho there has
been no marked change in the produc
tive power of the loom for many years,
the gradual speeding up from one
loom to a worker to the two loom sys
tem and then the three and four loom'
system, forces the workers to exhaust
every ounce of energy they possess.
Vital statistics in this industry show
a marked rise in the death rate since
the introduction of the multiple loom
system. So in the last analysis, these
workers are fighting not merely for
conditions, but for life itself.
Other demands include the 8-hour
day and the 44-hour week, a raise in
wages, recognition of the union, and
the right of organizers to enter the
mills on doing business.
Police and Injunctions.
Though this strike has been the
most peaceful ever conducted In Pat
erson, still there has been consider
able police terrorism and the use of
the infamous injunction. On one oc
casion 107 pickets were arrested while
picketing one mill. So effective has
been the strike that the mill owners
finally resorted to the ancient weapon,
the injunction. The first injunction
against the strikers was obtained last
Monday by Rosenstein Bros. Imme
diately steps were taken by the union
to fight this injunction and no sooner
had the fight begun than a number of
other firms including Kauffman Bros.,
Haenichen Bros., Samuel J. Aransohn,
and the notorious Gilt Edge concern,
before whose plant the 107 were ar
rested, secured a blanket injunction
against the organization, naming spe
cifically Adolph Lessing, Fred Hoel
scher, the secretary of the union, H.
M. Wicks, and others.
This injunction follows closely the
language used by Harry M. Daugher
ty, a now discredited member of the
Harding-Coolldge oil cabinet in his in
junction against the striking shop men
in 1922. At the Webster Hall meet
ing, the speakers will Inform the au
dience regarding tactics to be pursued
in fighting this injunction. The pur
pose of this meeting is to organize a
united front of all sympathetic labor
organizations for the purpose of aiding
the Paterson strikers in their present
struggle. Admission will be free. All
militant workers of New York should
make it a point to be at this meeting
and show the Paterson strikers that
labor elsewhere is opposed to the mill
slaves of Paterson, being reduced to
the economic condition of Chinese
WORKERS PARTY STREET MEET
INQS IN CHICAGO
Saturday, Sept, 13th,
North Ava. <1 Orchard St.—auaplcea Gar.
irian-Itunftarian branchca. Speakers,
John Edward*, H. Gannas, F. Buckley.
114th PI. and Mlehlgan—auspice* Pull
man branchca. .Speakers, M. Shacht
mnn, and other*.
30th A Stata Sta.—auaplcea So. Side br.
Speakers, Gordon Owens, Jos. Manley.
Division and Washtenaw—auspices N. W.
Jewish branch. Speakers, Gometx, P.
Herd, and Jewish comrade.
Roosevelt A St. Louis—auspices D. P.
Jewish branch. Speakers, D. Earley,
Milwaukee A Paulina—auspices Polish
branch. Speakers, Mauer, and Polish
Sunday Evening—Sept. 14.
Washington Park "Open Forum”— Speaker
for Workers Party—D. IS. Early.
THE DAILY WORKER
WORLD IS IN HELLUVA
FIX WITH REVOLT, WAR
AND PIUAGE POPPING
ALLAHABAD, India, Sept.
Fifteen persons have been killed In
rioting between Hindoos and Mo
hammedans within the past 24
hours. The police are in full con
trol today. Part of the Hindu quart
er was burned.
• • •
ATHENS, Sept. 12. Generals
Tseroulis and Psnayotopoulos were
arrested today on a charge of at
tempting to foment a military re
volt to overthrow the present
• • *
MILAN, Italy, Sept. 12.—Armando
Casalini, a Fascist member of the
Chamber of Deputies, was shot and
mortally wounded by a private
guard on his villa estate today.
He was shot by Giovanni Corvi,
a worker, who, when arrested, told
the fascist militiamen that he had
fired upon Casalini to avenge the
late Giacomo Matteotti, murdered
by Mussolini’s black shirts.
Casalini died without regaining
* * *
MADRID, Sept. 12. Ex-Minister
Ossorio Gamlardo was imprisoned
today at the disposition of the mili
tary courts for spreading rumors
prejudicial to the discipline of the
• * *
CAIRO, Egypt, Sept. 12.—Wahabi
(Arab) tribesmen who are on the
warpath against Trans-Jordania,
Hedjaz, and Irak, have captured, pil
laged and burned the town of Taif,
according to word received here to
day. It had 10,000 population.
State Labor Body
Aid for the Jobless
(Continued from page 1)
ganize internationally to combat the
employers and exploiters of labor.
Dictatorship of Workers.
“You may be against Russia because
It Is a dictatorship, but it is a dicta
torship of the working class. Did not
the United States government recog
nize the capitalist dictatorship of
Italy, Spain and Poland.
“We have a dictatorship of capi
talism in our own country. An example
of this is to be found in the steel in
dustry where one man, Judge Elbert
H. Gary, dictates how thousands of
exploited steel workers shall live.”
Corbishley told how the miners of
Ziegler had the spirit ol international
solidarity. He told how'they iiad been
shipping mining tools and supplies to
their fellow miners in Russia, who be
cause of their suffering during the
world war are badly impoverished.
Tells of Persecution.
.Corbishley recounted the history of
persecution of the workers of Russia
by the imperialist Czar. He related
their sufferings during the world war
and afterwards, thru civil war and
famine, and blockade by foreign capi
talist nations Including the United
States. “And on top of that,” Corbish
ley declared, “the convention of work
ers here is asked by the resolutions
committeee to ignore the only working
class government in the world.
“We, as working men and women,
and as trade unionists, should extend
a fraternal hand to the working class
government of Soviet Russia when
capitalist governments are trying to
strangle the workers there and put a
Czar back on the throne. If Russia has
a better form of government, should
we even be afraid to investigate it?
We don’t expect the Morgans and
Rockefellers to favor recognition of
the workers’ and farmers’ republic,
but we expect a labor body such as
this to favor recognition. There is no
room there for the capitalists.”
Postal Clerk for Russia.
Delegatea William F. Stelzer, Local
No. 1, of the National Federation of
Post Office Clerks, declared in favor
of recognition of Soviet Russia.
“Just because we don’t agree with
their ideas are we going to be against
them and try to keep their people
down?” he asked. “Russia has been
satisfied with her form of government
for six years now and it seems to me
wo ought to allow her to have the
form of government the people there
Not one person voted, spoke against
recognition. Altho 255 voted in favor
of the committee’s report the
recognition resolution, not one out
of those 255 stood on his feet and gave
a single reason against Soviet Russian
Anton Johannsen told the DAILY
WORKER he is for recognition of
Soviet Russia because he believes in
freedom of the peoples of each coun
try to determine its own form of gov
The resolutions offered on unem
ployment demanded immediate for
mation of unemployment councils,
the calling of conferences to devise un
employment relief, especially for tho
miners, agitation for unemployment
betaeflts, to be paid by the state and
demauds that the Industry take care
of its own unemployed. None of these
recommendations were indorsed by
NOTICE I CLEVELAND READERB!
The DAILY WORKER is sold dally
at Schroeder'a Newa Stand on E. Su
perior, opposite the Poat Office.
Laugh with Sid Smith
at Race of Andy Gump
for the White House
By J. LOUIS ENGDAHL.
TODAY, the business of electing a president of the United
States has become a comedy, insofar as the capitalist
candidates are concerned. It is the sport of the comic strip
artists, who enter their own ludicrous characters in the race
for the White House. They have the nation laughing at what
the 100 per cent paytrioteers excitedly refer to as “the high
est office in the land.”
It is dangerous to set the millions laughing at some
thing that is supposed to be serious; especially such an im
portant bulwark of the American capitalist system as the
presidential pillar, long held up as the desired and possible
achievement of every American youth.
“Bud” Fisher, the creator of “Mutt and Jeff,” only in- •
dulges the performing creatures of his pen with sporadic
spurts for the White House. Between having them act alter
nately as presidential candidates, he uses them as sparring
partners for Dempsey, boon companions of the Prince of
Wales, or outstripping the world fliers with their paper feats
in the air.
Before “Silent Cal” Coolidge can work up enough exer
tion to take offense at Fisher’s comic slurs at his job, Mutt
and Jeff are turned loose on new exploits. Even to preach
the doctrine of servile labor, either of Jeff serving Mutt, or
the other way around. Perhaps that is Fisher's way of “co
But Sidney Smith, who has given “Andy Gump,”
“Chester” and “Min” to the World, has hurled his hero
“Andy” into the presidential ring with more seriousness than
any comic artist has yet attempted.
There is almost a whole page of stuff in the Chicago
Tribune, in which not only “Sid” and his hilarious friends,
but also the staid Tribune itself, in pictures and news articles,
all join in laughing at this exalted job called “The Pres
# « * *
The story is told of the great celebration when Sidney
Smith invited all his friends to the unveiling of a “bronze
statue” of “his candidate,” heralded by none other than
former Judge Adelor J. Petit, of Chicago, as “more silent
than Cal.” ,
The unveiling ceremonies were held at the estate of the
comic artist, on the shores of Lake Geneva, near the border
line between Illinois and Wisconsin. It pays to be a comic
artist for the capitalist press. Radical and revolutionary
artists do not have beautiful lake shore villas. They usually
have a hard time finding where the next meal comes from.
But the space given the unveiling of the bronze statue
of “Andy Gump” must now take its place with the wide
publicity extended to the recently conducted, cross-country
race participated in by Barney Google’s “Spark Plug,” the
premier attraction of the Hearst comic pages.
It was appropriate that Richard Henry “Dick” Little, the
humorous paragrapher, should explain Gump’s platform to
the friends *>f his creator. One of “Dick” Little’s greatest
newspaper achievements, on behalf of his class, in the service
of William Randolph Hearst, was sending to Chicago the
most perverted and false accounts of the great strike of the
Michigan copper miners some years ago.
* # * *
This making fun of the esteemed things in the capitalist
social order, indicates a rotting way at the foundation of this
passing system of society.
Leonid Andreyev, the Russian dramatist, in his play,
“He Who Gets Slapped,” must have had something like this
in mind when he has Briquet, the manager of the circus
protest to “He,” the clown, against the liberties the clown is
taking with his audiences.
* * # *
“But they laughed, nevertheless,” protests “He.”
“But without pleasure, without pleasure,” returns Briquet. “It’s
not the right game—they won’t like you.”
Someone else interjects with, “The orchestra did not laugh.”
"Because they were getting it,” puts in Jackson, an older crown,
"but the galleries did, because they were looking at the orchestra get
Later Jackson adds, "He had already begun to make them angry.”
•* m * *
The clown “He” was getting under the skins of the
respectables in the high-priced orchestra seats with his
cynical humor. They were the butt of his shafts of wit.
Andreyev’s clown, “He,” was an intellectual from this same
“upper class,” driven by his own domestic troubles to assume
the role of mirth provoker in the sawdust arena. And he
knew his own class and could therefore the better poke
fun at it.
* * # *
We do not doubt that Coolidge, Davis and La Follette
suffer mental twitches of agony at being entered in the pres
idential race with Andy Gump, with Mutt and Jeff, and no
doubt also with Barney Google before this campaign is over.
Yet why should they? Gump, Mutt, Jeff, Google and “Tillie
the Toiler” are as much a part of this social system as the
presidency to which Cal, John Wall Street and “Bobcat Bob”
Imagine the workers and peasants of Soviet Russia re
fusing to take seriously the high offices in the Workers’
Republic. Such a thing could never be. Imagine the revo
lutionary artists under Soviet Rule poking fun at the men
and women who occupy the most important positions in the
land. That could never happen. In Soviet Russia the whole
struggle of the multitudes is in building the new order. It is
a serious business, from the most prominent to those who
serve the least, because of their limited abilities.
In the United States, in the period of the decadence of
capitalism, artists and writers use their best brains poking
fun at the nation's popular idols. The most active press
workers at the conventions of the capitalist parties were the
jokesmiths, the funny columnists and the humorous sketch
There is only one candidacy that is being taken serious
ly in this presidential struggle. That is the candidacy of the
Communists—the only menace to the doddering capitalist
Workers and farmers, while giving their most, intense
efforts in aid of the Communist ticket in this campaign, may
well laugh with Sydney Smith in his offering of “Andy
Gump” as an opponent of the capitalist candidates racing for
the White House.
When the whole working class begins to look upon Wall
Street's government as a grim joke perpetrated upon them,
the end of the days of capitalism in these United States will
draw rapidly nearer.
Even humorists may help as the hangmen of Morgan’s
capitalist social order.
Saturday, September 13, 1924
HAD HARD TIME
TRYING TO GET
Bat the Chesty Corporal
Tried to Do His Best
(Continued from Page 1.)
ers Party and the Young Workers
League for decent living conditions
among the slaves .of the National Bis
cuit company. News of the union
meetings all over the country. Not a
single union represented in the “par
ade” to put a stop to the destruction
of the DAILY WORKER.
The fifty papers had been torn from
the hands of a Workers Party mem
ber who had attempted to distribute
them at the end of the “celebration.”
The "khakied” officers fell on the girl
with the papers, pushed her,' mawled
her, puched her, and tore the papers
from her hands.
“Damn Bolshevik,” shrieks a ten
“G’wan back to Rooshy!” yells a fat
Police Grab Girl Communist.
Two police escorted the girl towards
Wabash avenue. The paytriots fol
lowed. A guard whipped out his pis
tol. “If you come a step nearer. I’ll
The paytriots fall back. Dare a pis
tol shot to get at the enemy? Never!
The police hurry the girl Into a
Yellow scab taxi, with two little flags
All the Yellow scab taxis carried
two little flags in front on Defense
Later the DAILY WORKER booster
arrived at our office to tell her story.
Hoodlums Fails to
Break Up Communist
Meet in Pittsburgh
PITSBURGH, Pa., Sept. 12.—While
a terrified and cowardly representa
tive of “law and order” watched from
behind a telephone pole, a drunken
crew of hoodlums attempted to break
up a street meeting held by the Work
ers Party at the corner of 28th and
Penn Ave., the heart of the Pitts
burgh foreign district.
The meeting was addressed by Com
rades Pat H. Toohey in English, and
Kowalski in Polish. Both speakers
exposed the LaFollette illusion, the
war schemes of the American imperi
alists and the unemployment issue.
The rowdy element tried everything
in their bag of tricks to break up the
meeting, finally assaulting a Party
member who was selling literature. A
large and attentive crowd listened to
Toohey and larger yet to Kowalski,
who spoke in Polish, after the row
dies were disposed of.
Open Air Meeting Tonight.
Gorden Owens, a Negro, Commun
ist candidate for congress, in the first
district and Joseph Manley, campaign
manager of the Workers Party, will
speak at 30th and So. State streets
at 8 p. m. Regular weekly meetings
at that corner are attracting hun
dreds of Negro workers and many of
them are joining the So. Side Branch
of the Workers Party.
Be on hand to distribute literature.
Fakers Flop For Faker.
SPRINGFIELD, Ohio, Sept. 12.—The
The Ohio Federation of Labor here to
day endorsed the candidacies of Sen
ator Robert M. LaFollette for presi
dent, and Senator Burton K. Wheeler
NEW YORK T. U. E. L. TO
- HELP RAISE FUNDS FOR
WORKERS PARTY TICKET
NEW YORK, Sept. 12.—Member*
of the Trade Educational League in
New York City are preparing to car
ry on a two-week campaign In the
shops for the purpose of raising
funds for the Election Campaign
Fund of the Workers Party.
During the period from Septem
ber 14 to September 28, many
shops will be visited. Workers are
urged to be prepared to contribute
and prepare their fellow workers to
help out in the work of raising funds
to carry on the campaign and thus
co-operate In reaching the masses of
workers in this country with ths
message of Communism.
The Trade Union Educational
League which Is solidly behind this
political effort Os the Workers Party,
is working out the detslled plans for
the great Shop Collection Compalgn
Drive. At its conference to be held
Friday, Sept. 12, these plans will be
finally approved and put into opera
Militants are preparing to take
part in the celebration of the open
ing of the Shop Collection Cam
paign at the Proletarian Banquet
that Is being given in honor of Wm.
Z. Foster, the candidate for presi
dent on the Workers Party ticket,
at Webster Hall, 11th St. and Third
Ave., Sunday evening, Sept. 14.
The banquet is being held under ths
auspices of the Needle Trades Sec
tion of the T. U. E. L.
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