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THE DAILY WORKER
RAISES THE STANDARD FOR A WORKERS AND FARMERS’ GOVERNMENT Wol. 11. No. 165. 9 __ PATCH MORGAN’S LEAGUE AGAIN AS WE SEE IT ] By T. J. O'FLAHERTY. . / SILENT CAL COOLIDGE broke his silence for a while to compli ment the New York republicans on their wisdom in running Theodore Roosevelt for governor of the Empire state. Calvin was not near so loquac ious when Te<(dy Jr., assistant secre tary of the navy was smeared with the oil of Doheny and Sinclair. But if Cal is silent on the oily side of Teddy’s history there are others who will not obey the order not to carry any matches into the G. O. P. head quarters. ** * * THE capitalist politicians are "see ing things” these days. One of the most painful sights from the working class viewpoint, tho perhaps not entirely unexpected, was the en dorsement of Strikebreaker, Calvin Coolidge by “Mother" Mary Jones, the old battler for the miners, who now in her old age sees fit to lend the influence of her name to the most subservient lackey of Big Business in the United States. The miners for whom “Mother" Jones risked the bay onets of the soldiers and went to jail for. are still fighting the same fight and their most bitter enemy is Calvin Coolidge, the man she favors for presi dent of the United States. * * * THE MENACE, an anti-Catholic publication, which supported the Ku Klux Klan until recently, when a lew Kluxers on the make, bot it up and are now using it as a weapon against the klan, has no more use lor socialism or Communism than it has for the Catholic church. Indeed, on the question of Communism, the Menace would fight side by side with its useful enemy Rome. A subscriber to the old Menace had a letter from the editor of the present rag, in 1 which that worthy praises Calviu Coolidge, Dawes and Davis, and de lounces radicals in general and Com munists in particular. There was a (Continued on page 3) ME HAS LEADING X ARTICLE IN THIS \ WEEK'S MAGAZINE William F. Dunne, editor of the DAILY WORKER, will make his first appearance in print since his return from Moscow in the coming issue of the magazine section of this paper. Saturday, October 4. “Bill" Dunne, who has just returned from Russia where he attended the con gresses of the Communist Interna tional as delegate from the Work ers Party, and of the Red Interna tional of Labor Unions, as delegate from the Trade Union Educational League, has written an article es pecially for the magazine section: “Russian Notes." It Is the story of the many-sided and colorfully Interesting life in Russia today as seen by a Communist. Dunne, who is a member of the executive com mittee of the Red International of Labor Union, has had the opportun ity to see the life of the Russian workers and their attitude toward the Nepmen from close observation without being hampered by any re strictions, and the story he tells In his Notes promises to be one of the best yet written by his pen. The Dunne article is the leading article of the many others in the magazine section. Get your copy when it comes out—or, better yet,/ subscribe atid get it regularly. / Subscribe for “Your DajfyK tho DAILY WORKER. SILENT CAL USING ECONOMIC CLUB ON POSTOFFICE WORKERS TO FORCE THEM VOTE G. 0. P. TICKET (By The Federates Preee) WASHINGTON, Sept. 30.—Thomas F. Flaherty, secretary of the National of Post Office Clerks, accuses Postmaster General New and the \ political postmaatera all down the line with trying to bully the rank and file of postal workers into voting for Coolidge. The men are supporting La- Kollette, who won for them, In hla famous battle with “Bill" Taft in the spring of 1912, the right to petition congrete, the right to trial and defense before dismissal, and the right to organize In labor unions controlled by themselves. They are opposing Coolidge because he vetoed their salary bill last June, and because they have been speeded up and generally mistreated by Harry New ever since that lame duck senator was given charge of the department. "One SB,OOO a year postmaster,” says Flaherty, “told his clerks thsy would be dismissed at once if they even expressed a favorable view toward LaFollette or Davis; this sort of thing Is being reported to ue from every direction. Most of the postmasters are using favorites in the service to spread the word for them.” THE DAI IT WORKER. SUBSCRIPTION RATES: BANKERS HAIL CUSSING DAWES AS A MESSIAH Denounce Mildest Foes of Capitalism The opening session of the American Bankers’ Association convention, resembling a repub lican rally, acclaimed Charles G. Dawes as the bankers’ own candidate yesterday, and critic ized those who “stir political unrest.” Walter W. Head, president of the organization, deplored the prevalent political unrest, and expressed the hope that more conservative policies will pre vail in the future. Head admitted the bankers are re sponsible more than any other agency for the success of the Dawes plan in enslaving Europe, and declared that we can look back on the world war “Happy in the .knowledge that the United States passed thru this crisis without the suspension of its specie, with its money always at par, and its credit never in danger.” The bankers’ president made no mention of the mil lions of lives that were lost as a result of the world war. Praise Dawes Plan “The various nations of Europe ap pear at last to have forsaken political expedients for more sound economic practice. Insofar as special credit can be accorded, the largest individual measure goes to the man whose name is bailed in every nation as the prin cipal author of the plan since adopted —General Charles G. Dawes of Chi cago, and to his associates Owen D. Young of New York and Henry M. Robinson of Los Angeles. You will ob serve that two of these three great bankers are American. The appoint ment of such a commission was form ally advocated and persistently urged by this association.” The president of the American Bank ers’ Association claimed for their very own candidates not only Coolidge, who was praised because he said, “The peo ple want a government of common sense,” but also John Davis, also pro tege of the American bankers, who has lauded because he opposed the efforts “to give congress ; power to over-ride the decisions of the supreme court.” Bankers Optimistic “The discontent that besets a great part of our people should not exist,” Head declared. “But we have the power to survive it and we will.” Head talked against government ownership of the railroads and mines, and opposed legislation aiding the firmers. Every measure, in fact, which tended to liberate the workers and farmers from the rule of the bankers of this country was opposed by the conservative president of the A. B. A. Former secretary of agriculture Meredith pleaded with the bankers to consider the 11,000,000 men on the farms in a purely business light.” “The farmer is a buyer under all conditions,” Meredith told the 3,000 bankers who packed the Auditorium Theatre. “Altogether the farmers are going to spend ten, twelve, or fourteen billion dollars a year to keep going, whether they make any money or not, no matter whether they have a sur plus or not.” After he had made his speech de- [ daring Coolidge and Davis both satis factory to the bankers of the country, the audience rose and sang, “Onward Christian Soldiers.” KnUnwd as Ssoond-dass matter September 11, 1032, st the Dost Office st Chicago, Uliaote under the Act of March 2, IST*. Jn Chicago, by mail, *B.OO per year. Outside Chicago, by mail. *6.00 per year. Workers! Do You Want to Fight Japan? Statement by the Central Executive Committee of the Workers Party THE American capitalists are pre paring the ground for the pre cipitation of the struggle which will enable them to destroy their imper ialist rival In Asia. They are pre paring for a war, in which more hun dreds of thousands of workers will be forced to sacrifice their lives and billions of wealth will be destroyed so that they may gain an advantage in the struggle for the right to ex polit China and other Asiatic terri tory. The excuse for the propaganda for war against Japan is the notice serv ed by Japan that it reserves the right to fight the American exclusion pol icy, during the latest sham negotia tions of the League of Nations in re gard to outlawing war. This result of these negotiations shows once more that the conflict between cap italists inevitably leads to imperial ist war. The capitalist-controlled govern ment of the United States took ad vantage of the weakening of its riv al in Asia thru the earthquake in Japan, to slap Japan in the face by the passage of the Japanese exclu- FOSTER BACK IN COLORADO FORKING Deportation in 1922 Is Now Recalled By JOSEPH MANLEY Campaign Manager. Workers Party. William Z. Foster, the Work ers Party candidate for presi dent, was deported from Colo rado in 1922 by Pat Hamrock and his constabulary, agents of the Rockefeller Colorado Fuel and Iron company. Foster’s de portation created a state-wide protest. It became the issue in the elections and the democratic candidate for governor stated in his campaign speeches that if elected, Foster, or anybody else could speak in Colorado. Well Known in Colorado. Regardless of the politicians, Pat Hamrock and his constabulary. Foster returned to Denver and held a great meeting where he received a big ovation from a large audience aroused and incensed over the high handed action of Hamrock. As a re sult of this dramatic incident Foster is well known to all Colorado workers. Colorado’s history is replete with labor struggles. In years gone by the metal miners cf Colorado, organized as the Wetern Federation of Miners, were the vanguard of the Colorado labor movement. The trustification and mechanization of the mining industry together with the betrayal of the or ganized miners by labor fakers of the calibre of Charlie Moyer, who still has the headquarters of his paper or ganization in Denver, were responsible for the decadence of the once militant workers and almost revolutionary Western Federation of Miners. Their strike in Cripple Creek; Colorado, in 1899, was a memorable one in the history of organized labor. Sam Gompers Was Defeated. It was in Denver at a convention of the American Federation of Labor in 1894 that Samuel Gompers met his only defeat for president. The prin :lple contributory cause to that defeat was the issue of the labor party. In those days Colorado’s workers were filled with militant spirit. The miners and the poor farmers hud elected Governor Waite, a Populist governor Who addressed a letter to the same American Federation of Labor conven tion urging it* to form a great party of labor. Fake progressive politicians have fooled the workers of Colorado for years past. Edward Keating, the man who now edits "Labor” and is largely responsible for sponsoring the candi dacy of Robert M. LaFollette, was a democratic congressman in Colorado when the Ludlow slaughter occurred. The democratic governor of the state, who, previous to the Ludlow slaughter, had professed to oppose the Colorado Coal & Iron Company, was afterward (Continued on nago 2) WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 1, 1924 sion act. This was the notice of the American capitalist government to the government of Japan that the American capitalists felt themselves strong enough to go to war in order to establish their domination over the rich natural resources of China and their right to exploit these re sources. The issue between Japan and the United States is not the question whether a few thousand Japanese Immigrants shall or shall not come to the United States. This is only the pretext with which It is hoped to arouse the workers of the United States. The real causes of the strug gle between imperialist America and imperialist Japan are the rich re sources of China and the greed of the Imperialists of each of these na tions to profit from the exploitation of the people and the resources of that country. If the capitalist imperialists have their way, and the United States fights Japan, It will be to decide whether American capitalists or Japanese capitalists shall sell their goods in China, which shall exploit MORE NEGRO SOLDIERS MAY BE RELEASED FROM LEAVENWORTH AS ELECTION DAY APPROACHES (Special to The Daily Worker) LEAVENWORTH. Kans., Sept. 30.—Fifteen more former members of the 24th U. S. infantry, convicted in connection with the Houston riots, were recommended for parole at the session of the parole board just completed here, it was announced today. The names of those to be released will not be announced until they receive their freedom. The parole board’s recommendation must be passed on by the department of justice. • Morgan Plan Explained GITLOW MEET IN DETROIT BIG SUCCESS Fifteen Hundred Cheer Communist Leader By OWEN STIRLING. (Special to The Daily Worker) DETROIT, Sept. 30. —Ben Gitlow, vice-presidential candi date of the Workers Party of America, opened at Arena Gar dens here yesterday the Com munist political campaign in Michigan. Fifteen hundred men and women cheered his explanation of the Communist purpose, de livered as a powerful but simple conclusion to a statement last ing two significant hours. Tho larger part of his statement was an analysis of the attitude which he said must inevitably be taken toward the working class by the demo cratic and republican parties and the political organization which has grown up around the personality of the aged Wisconsin senator, Robert M. LaFol lette. The republican and democratic movements, he said, are bristling with anti-strike injunctions and are yellow with the fumes of Teapot Dome. Little Capitalists. “And tho government of LaFollette,” he continued, “would be a dictatorship of the little capitalists Instead of u dictatorship of the large industrial and financial capitalists, who • ure repre sented by the republican and demo cratic parties. Thirty years ago there were no great trusts or combines. (Continued on page 4) Zep Has Stomach Trouble. FRIEDRICHSHAFEN, Germany, Sept. 30. —Fresh motor trouble has de veloped on the zeppolin ZR-3, which will delay the departure of the giant uirship fqr the United States. It had been hoped to start for Lake hurst, N. J„ about next Sunday. the concession in that country, which shall profit from the rail roads, mines and other resources of China. Workers of the United States, the capitalists are already calling for military and naval preparation for the war against Japan. The Chicago Tribune declares: “The incident occurs at a moment that the presi dent is considering naval appropria tions for the next year. It should have a decisive influence upon our immediate plans. The navy is un dermanned and is lacking in units absolutely essential to effective op erations. The fast cruiser program should be accelerated and also aero plane carriers, aeroplane destroyers, leaders of large submarines should be provided on a five-three ratio. There should be a thoro considera tion of our naval development over a period of ten years.” Workers of the United States! The danger and threat of war, of of your being forced to the battle fields to kill over the question of capitalist profit will continue as long as the capitalist system and the cap- DAWES PLAN TO SWEAT GERMANS DOOMED TO FAIL Hailed as a Peace Plan; Is Gigantic War Scheme By JAY LOVESTONE. (First Article.) Every letter, every syllable of the Dawes Plan to salvage and finance the capitalist system breathes the spirit of another and even more infernal impe rialist conflict. A Bridge to War. The Dawes Plan is not a bridge to world peace, but a bridge leading to the crossroads of a new world war. Its opera tion marks the most momentous: step bold starkly naked brutally frank—in the develop ment of American imperialism. The Dawes’ plan bears all the ear marks of that most fraudulent and i “purest" of capitalist democracies— tho United States. Actually a gigantic war plan, it is being hailed as a peace plan. The very manner in which it was conceived, in which it adopted, symbolizes with painful clarity the fact that the leading cap italist power, which in the last war was prating so feverishly about "open covenants, openly arrived at” is in reality, an adept in secret, backstairs diplomacy. Machiavelll, Metternich, Talleyrand, Dlsarelli, have never, at their, worst, displayed more bruzen ef frontery thau did Hughes, Mellon, Colonel Logan, Ambassador Kellogg J. P. Morgan and the lesser financial satellites in tho negotiations at the recent London Conference which brot about the acceptance of the plan by Europe. And to this very day the loyal lack eys of our ruling class at Washington aro proleatlng that they uro not in volved in European affairs, while they are working overtime consolidating and extending their hold on the war stricken continent. Fix Gigantic Tribute. Never before have such giant pay (Continued on page 6) ' »■ ■ in nM ————a . Published Daily except Sunday by THE DAILY WORKER PUBLISHING CO.. 1113 W. Washington Blvd., Chicago, lIL italist government remains in exist ence. There is only one way to end war. To end the rule of the capitalists fhru their government and their present control in industry. That is the road to the workers' and farmers’ government—the work ers rule in place of capitalist rule. This goal can only be achieved thru a great working class political party carrying on a revolutionary strug gle against capitalism. The Workers Party calls upon you to join it in the struggle for the workers’ and farmers’ government and the end of imperialist wars. It calls upon you to rally to its sup port in the election campaign and by casting your vote for the Work ers (Communist) Party candidates to demonstrate your opposition to capitalist wars and your support of the goal of the workers’ and farm ers’ rule in the United States. Central Executive Committee, WORKERS PARTY of AMERICA, William Z. Foster, Chairman, C. E. Ruthenberg, Executive Sec retary. POLICE CAN’T STOP PATERSON STRIKE MEETS Wicks Speaks Despite Police Order (Special to The Daily Worker) PATERSON, N. J„ Sept. 30. —Police terrorism against the silk strikers still continues with halls closed. But the ranks are holding firm. Chief of police Tracey has told the strike committee that he will stand for any other speaker but H. M. Wicks, but that all halls must be closed to Wicks. Gets Big Demonstration. In spite of the order of the chief, a meeting was held last night by the Lithuanian branch of the Workers Party attended by a mass of strikers. When the hall was Billed to over flowing, the door were locked so that none could enter or leave and Wicks made his appearance and spoke, arousing a tremendous demonstration that awakened the whole neighbor hood. Soon after Wicks left’ a sergeant of police arrived with & squad, and tried to ascertain who spoke in English, but he could get no information. Picketing is continuing unabated despite the closed halls and arrange ments are being completed to hold a meeting outside the city limits. More injunctions have been secured and a number of pickets were cited for con tempt of court and must appear Mon lay. These are the first contempt ■ases but many are expected. DUNNE TO TOUR FOR COMMUNIST ELECTION DRIVE William F. Dunne of the DAILY WORKER editorial staff, and candi date for governor of Illinois on the Workers (Communist) Party ticket, is to fill the following speaking dates: W. Frankfort, 111.. October 16. Christopher, 111., October 17. DuQuoln, 111., October 18. Madison, 111., October 19, aftsrnoon. St. Louli| Mo.. October 19, evening. Bellevelle, 111., October 20. Collinsville, 111., October 21. Springfield, 111., October 22. Dunne’s tour has been arranged as part of the active campaign that the Workers (Communist) Party is con ducting for its candidates and an ef fort has been made to bring the Com munist message to communities al most entirely industrial rather than Inrge centers of population, in St. Louis, Dunne will speak for the na tional candidates, William Foster and Benjamin Gitlow. Communist Candidates For President: WILLIAM Z. FOSTER. For Vice-President: BENJAMIN GITLOW. i Price 3 Cent* FIND FORMULA TO STAVE OFF LEAGUE CRASH Japan*s Threat Forces Compromise at Geneva (Special to The Dally Werker) GENEVA, Sept. 30.—Viscount Ishii, of the Japanese delegation here, accepted in the name of his government, a formula of fered by the frightened janitors of the League of Nations, to meet Japan's opposition to the aggressor clause of the League arbitration protocol. Japan was as successful in making the League back down in this case, as Mussolini was in the Corfu incident, when he in vaded Greek territory and killed several civilians to satisfy his conception of Italian dignity. British propagandists pretend to believe that the danger confronting the peace plans of the league yester day is today obviated. Nothing is farther from the truth. In fact there is not a single power of any con sequence affiliated to the League of Nations that would not trample upon every league covenant to suit its in dividual purpose. These spurious and futile gestures at peace are nothing more or less than war moves. Another World War. How near the world is to another war was clearly indicated yesterday when the press of the entire continent put on its blackest headlines scream ing of hostilities between the United States and Japan in the near future. While the Japanese exclusion law of the United States is the ostensible reason for the bad feeling existing be tween the two countries, the real reason is the struggle over the ex ploitation of China and the Orient. The United States capitalists will not recognize a Monroe doctrine in the East. More Mumble-Jumble. The amendment which will be at tached to article six of the arbitration protocol to meet Japanese protest reads: “If a question is held by a court of arbitration to be a matter solely with in the state's jurisdiction the decision shall not prevent the league council or assembly from considering the situation in accordance with article eleven of the league covenant.” Three Trained Liars. The committee of three which examined the formula consisted of Sir Cecil Hurst of England; M. Loucheur of France, and Signor Scialoja of Italy. Aannouncement was made that these three, after careful examination of the formula, agreed In behalf of their governments to accept the prin ciple that the league council should attempt conciliation even after an arbitration decision has been made. Japan’s greatest accomplishment was to change the protocol definition of aggressor to say: "A state can only be assumed to be an aggressor if it has not previously submitted the question in dispute to the league council or to the assembly in accordance with article eleven of the League of Nations covenant.” To Hear Protocol. The league assembly will meet in plenary session tomorrow morning to hear the protocol read by the commit tee. Debate will then open. The judicial sub-committee, on which both Japan and the British dominions are represented, met at 3 o’clock and unanimously adopted the aggrewor formula. M. Politis, of Greece, chairman of the first commission, Introduced the formula with the following comment: Try to Hold It Together. “Two changes in articles five and six of the arbitration protocol satisfy ail the legitimate Japanese demands without weakening any of the given securities which other states should obtain from the protocol. . “It is imperative to include lit the protocol the last chance u state in dispute with another over democratic questions should have to enable a settlement of the quarrel thru pacific means before being called an ag gressor.” • • a What Else Can Domingo Do? GENEVA, Sept. 30.—San Domingo, which was admitted to the League ot Nations Monday, today signed a pro tocol which includes an obligation to accept the world court's rulings.