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THE DAILY WORKER
RAISES THE STANDARD FOR A WORKERS AND FARMERS’ GOVERNMENT Vol. 11. No. 171. RULE COMMUNISTS OFF BALLOT New Russo-Chinese Pact Hits imperialists LAFOLLETTEIS ALLOWED TO GO OEFORE VOTERS Workers Party to Fight Action in Michigan (Special to The Daily Worker) DETROIT, Mich., Oct. 7. The secretary of state of Mich igan has dug deep into the hoary records of the election laws, and has attempted to bar the Communist presidential electors, pledged to William Z. Foster and Benjamin Gitlow, presidential and vice-presidenti al candidates of the Workers Party, on an ancient technicali ty, altho the LaFollette presi dential electors, governed by the same technicality, have been officially placed on the ballot. The Workers Party has en gaged counsel to fight to a finish for the right to go before the workers of Michigan as the only political party in the cam paign representing the work ing class. See Catering to LaFollette. While Bert Chilton, deputy secre tary of state, has wired all county clerks to place LaFoliette’s name on the ballot, he has sent a wire to keep the Foster-Gitlow electors off the ballot. Evidently having nothing to fear from LaFollette, and knowing that Foster and Gitlow will poll a tremendous vote for workers’ and fanners' control of government, the employing class of Michigan is thus catering to LaFollette. Cyril Lambkin declared the Work ers party will tight tp the last ditch to rescind the order of the deputy sec retary of state. The discrimination shown against the Communists is flimsily based on an attorney general’s ruling that the party has not com plied with the primary and election laws in the requirements that the state central committee must bo e’ected in odd years. Altho exactly the same technicality applies to La- Follctte, no obstacle has been placed in his way by the Michigan capitalists. New Red Baiting Begins. Detroit papers are taking the op portunity to come out with stories de nouncing the “reds," and hinting that the Workers Party should be kept off the ballot because “it is affiliated with the Moscow soviet party," Fix Minimum Wage. SYDNEY, New South Wales, Oct. 7 —The hoard of trade has fixed the minimum wage for unskilled male la bor at sl9 68 per week* and for un skilled female labor, *9.96 per week. GARY’S STEEL TRUST REAPS RICH PLUNDER BY TURNING REAL ESTATE SHARK TO SELL WORKERS “HOMES ” By KARL REEVE ' (Staff Writer, Daily Worker) GARY, Ind., Oct. 7 —The Gary Land company, subsidiary of the United States Steel corporation, makes feudal serfs out of the Steel workers by selling them, at an enormous profit, cheaply built houses which it takes the steel workers ten years and more to pay for. Land that Elbert Gary’s steel trust bough for from 60 cents to a dollar an acre is being sold by the steel trust for an average (Continued on Page 2.) RANCE TO RECOGNIZE RUSSIA (Special to The Dally Worker) PARIS, Oct. 7.—Premier Herriot’e committee appointed to study of recognising Soviet Russia has decided that France shall immediately extend de jure recognition to the Soviet government. The full de Jure recognition will be formally extended by France not later than Oct. 20, officials here declare. The, decisions of the committee have been transmitted to Washington, In view of the unwritten agreement between the United States and France, that the same attitude be taken by the two countries toward the Soviets. Some reports In Paris had It that the United States Is anxious to change its attitude toward the Soviet government, and put preeaure behind France to take the lead toward recognition. Other sources, however, pointed out that France la practically a bankrupt nation, with the Dawes plan burdening the nation with the THE DAILY WORKER. Batarad as Saooad-ciaaa matter September 31, 1928, at the Post Office at Chicago, UUaots under the Act of March 8, I*7l. SUBSCRIPTION RATES: WORLD FORCES CLASH IN CHINA Imperialists War Against National Movement In Southern China. AT the end of August last telegrams from China reported that the Sun-Yat-Sen government had seized a steamer with a cargo of weapons, which had arrived from an English port in the chief port of the Kwantung province and was destined for the English comprador in China, Tschen- Lin-Pak. This merchant stands at the head of the military troops set up for the protection of the property of the Chinese merchants in the prov ince of Kwantung. At the congress of tl)is body held in May of this year, it was decided to centralize all these divisions of troops. This was an indi cation that the Chinese merchants, along with*.the village profiteers and with the support of the English im perialists, were preparing an action against the revolutionary people’s par ty, against Sun-Yat-Sen. Sun’s Hands Tied. The relations of power between the government party Koumintang, and the merchants who were organizing against it were such that at the time Sun-Yat-Sen did not decide to disarm these counter-revolutionary bands. Sun-Yat-Sen even assumed that he would succeed without having re course to force in gradually gaining control of these military forces; he intended to use them in the fight against the reactionary general Communists Go On New York Ballot MINNEAPOLIS ‘‘RED BAITERS" IN LAST STAND TRY TO SMASH THE LOCAL TRADES AND LABOR ASSEMBLY By LESLIE R. HURT. (Special to The Daily Worker) MINNEAPOLIS, Minn., Oct. 7.—That “labor fakers”, will re sort to the most despicable tactics in tlieir mad effort to protect their “pie cards” is proven by the action taken by local conserva tive labor men in publishing thru the columns of “The Minne sota,” a “red-baiting” sheet edited by Louis Harthill, a call for the formation of a new central labor body in Minneapolis. It might be explained here and now that Harthill was for merly chief of police under the administration of “Pa” Van Lear, war-time socialist mayor of Minneapolis. ' Republican Camp Follower. Both of these leading lights have been so thoroly discredited in the eyes of honest trade unionists that neither are ever seen around labor headquarters. During the recent state primaries, Harthill, it v is alleged, was up on the Iron Range counselling the workers to voto for “General" Geo. E. Leach, can didate for the republican nomination in Chicago, by mail, SB.OO per year. Outside Chicago, by mail. $6.00 per year. THE NEW WORLD WAR THE great powers are conducting in China maneuvers that are pro bably the preliminaries to a new world war. Just as the struggle of the entente and central powers for the balance of power in the Bal kans and contiguous territory to which they were the key resulted in the shambles ors 1914-18, so does the conflict for the privilege of ex ploiting China point inevitably to the outbreak of another titanic struggle. China is the last great field for potential exploitation which com bines two necessities for imperialistic enterprise—First: Enormously rich natural resources; Second: A population of millions from which the requisite cheap labor can b? recruited. The strategy of the great powers has had as its object the dis membering of China and its apportionment among themselves. The rising tide of national and workingclass consciousness which tends to unite the Chinese population against the foreign exploiter has become a tremendous obstacle toithe plans of the imperialist. They now pro mote internal strife and thereby hope to be able to pounce upon and devour a China that has been exhausted by internecine warfare. The following article describes in detail the two important factors in the Chinese situation —the crystallization of the national and workers' m.ovement and the efforts of the great powers to prevent China be coming a nation. Tschen-DsGn-Min, who was supported by the English imperialists. Sun-Yat- Sen did not perceive the spiritual unity between the reactionary move ment of this general and the action of i.he merchants which was preparing. He was also not aware that behind the for governor of Minnesota. Leach is at the present time mayor of Minne apolis, thus the Harthill-Leach-Van Lear combination is quite understand able. The call is signed by seven local labor unions and is to be held Friday Oct. 10, at the headquarters of the Cooks' Union. Leslie Sinton, secre tary of the Cooks’ and Waiters’ or ganization, has consistently aligned himself with the “labor wrecking” crew in the Trades and Labor As sembly ever since his release from the County jail where he, together with three other organizers, was con fined because of the violation of an injunction secured by the Citizens’ A1 liance restraining organized labor from pitketting the "scab” Wonder land Theater. Whether or not Sinton had become afflicted with “cold feet” is left to the imagination of the readers. The fact of the matter is, however, Sinton is one of the leading figures in this lat est attempt to smash the labor move ment and the meeting is to be held In the hall under his jurisdiction. Roll Call of Wreckers. The following named organizations are listed as signers of the “call to (Continued on Page 2.) collar of J. P. Morgan's gold, and millions of workers clamoring for Soviet recognition. The friendly attitude of Japan toward the Soviet government, with the impending trade agreement between the two nations, and the Manchurian government’s recent overtures to the Soviet government, have made France realize that her unfriendly rela tldns with the Soviet government were quickly taking from her the Asiatic trade markets. Altho the committee announces that the oxarlst debts must be paid, Herrlot's change toward Russia Is regarded by all as • surrender to necessity. Herriot had many times bombastioally stated that France would have no dealings with Soviet Russia until the old czarlatlc debts were paid to France’s financiers. He has been forced by the growing influence of the Soviet government with both European and Asiatic countries, to bring France into line in an effort to rehabilitate France's decaying economic structure. <1 WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 8, 1924 counter-revolutionary movement in South China, there stands the Mac- Donald government. But the ship laden with weapons which was seized, the boycott strike of the mer chants in Canton, the note from the English consul to the civil governoi SEVER SAYS HE IS HELPLESS IN WAR ON WEALTH Mayor Dover admitted his absolute helplessness before the power of the wealthy class, ana declared he couldn’t do a thing to help the teachers, in an in terview with the DAILY WORK ER yesterday. “I can’t do a thing to help the teachers,” said the mayor, to the DAILY WORKER, admit ting his impotence in a situation affecting 400,000 school child ren and ten thousand teachers in the city over which he is mayor. Cater to Wealth. “As long as there are wealthy men there will be men in office who will cater to them. And no matter how good and promising these men are when put into office, they will cater to wealth after they are in office a while.” When asked why he spurned the teachers’ meeting, if he professed such warm regard for the fight they are making against tax dodgers, may or Dever said, "I didn’t want to sit there and be told what to do.” "But I’m with Miss Haley all the way in her fight against the tax dodg ers,” Dever said. “I think what Miss Haley says about the tax dodgers is absolutely correct.” The mayor made no concrete promises other than moral support, however. "Are the men who hold office on the ■ (Continued on page 3) *4BB h* 290 of Sun-Yat-Sen, and finally the Eng lish cruisers and gun-boats at Chnton, revealed to Sun-Yat-Sen the counter revolutionary policy of the merchants and English imperialists. Sun-Yat-Sen to MacDonald. In a telegram addressed to Mac- Donald on the sth of September, Sun- Yat-Sen declared the following: “To the Right Honorable Ramsay MacDonald: “The head of the Hongkong- Shanghai Banking Corporation has organized a band of so-called Fas cists, the purpose of which is the overthrow of my government. This aim is to be achieved by means of arming rebels and with the help of arms and weapons which were brought here on board the ship ‘Gat.’ This steamer arrived on the 10th of August at Canton, and was immediately confiscated by my government. Since then a revolt has occurred in Canton in the form of a strike, which the rebels, together with all other counter-revolution aries, have organized. At the mo ment when I decided to take the necessary measures against the re volt, the English General Consul sent to my government the follow ing letter: “ ‘I have received from the com mander of the British naval forces the information that he has re ceived orders from Hongkong to adopt suitable measures in the MUST HUNT FOR THE KIN OF FLOORWALKER; DIED WORKING AT 65 ■ PITTSBURGH, Pa., Oct. 7.—P01! ! ice have notified authorities at Mil waukee, Wis., to try and locate rela ! tives of A. J. Brand, 65, floorwalker for a downtown store here, who was • i found dead here. THOUSANDS TO HEAR PLEA FOR SACCO, VANZETTI Thousands of Chicago work ingmen and women are ex pected to attend the meeting at the West Side Auditorium to night, to protest against the ac tion of Judge Thayer, of the state superior court of Massa chusetts, in denying a new trial to Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti, the two Italian-Amer ican militants who for two years have lain in prison 6n a frame-up charge of murder. Antonio Presi, editor of “II Lavoratore,” Italian Commun ist daily, will speak to the work ers in Italian. Alexander Bittel man, will address the crowd in Jewish and William F. Dunne will speak in English. All throe speakers will show how the "conviction” of Sacco and Van zettl la typical of the tactics of the American courts of Justice In rellev In* the American labor movement of all militant workers. The Workers Party hopes to raise a sum sufficient to cover the cost of a new trial for Sacco and Vanzetti. The West Side Auditorium Is at Ra cine and Davis streets. But Not In the U. S. A. BRISBANE, Queensland, Oct. 7. Taking the view that where an indus try Is prosperous, the workers should benefU in that prosperity, the state arbitration court of the Labor state of Queensland has granted substantial wage increases In the wool-raising In dutry. Building Bolsheviks—the D. W. B. U. Published Dally except Sunday by THE DAILY WORKER PUBLISHING CO., 1113 W. Washington Blvd., Chicago, liL event of a bombarding of Canton by the Chenese authorities.’ “In view of the diplomatic and financial support which the British government has constantly affored to the Chinese counter-revolution, and also in view of the fact that my government is at present the only center of resistance against this counter-revolution, I must draw the following conclusion, that the real aim of this ultimatum is the overthrow of my government. I emphatically protest against this recent act of imperialist interfer ence in the inner affairs of China. “Sun-Yat-Sen.” The chief reason which prompted the English Imperialists to come for ward openly as the initiators of coun ter-revolution In South China was the consolidation of the Chinese bour geoisie. as well as the powerful revo lutionizing of the broad masses of the rural and town population of South China. National Solidarity Increases Fast. The congress of the workers and craftsmen of Canton, which took place almost simultaneously with the con gress of the mercantile military forces, has shown that the Chinese masses are proceeing rapidly forwards on the road of class consciousness, and are exerting pressure upon the dem ocratic Koumintang Party in the sense of rendering this more revolu (Continued on page 3) PARTY WINS BIG VICTORY IN THE EMPIRE STATE By JOSEPH MANLEY Campaign Manager, Workers Party. The Workers Party is on the ballot in New York state. Chas. Krumbein, district organizer, has filed at Albany the petitions containing signatures far in ex cess of the required twenty thousand. The Party organiza tion in New York state is to be congratulated for this real vic tory in the first Communist election struggle. That it is a real struggle can no longer be doubted in view of the attempt to keep the Foster and Gitlow electors off the ballot in both Michigan and Wisconsin. Home of Wall Street. In view of the restrictions, obstacles and last-minute discriminatory rulings against our party, the New York dis trict victory is therefore, all the great er. The red flag of international Communism is raised in the election campaign and will appeal to the mili tant workers in the giant industries of this most thickly populated and capitalistic developed state. In New York, perhaps as in no oth er section, poverty and riches are de veloped to the extreme. For instance, New York City's East side contrasts with Park Avenue, probably more than anywhere else. 1 New York is the home of American and international capi talism, the real dictators of which operate in that crooked little street, called Wall. Fought Many Struggles. New York’s labor movement from the days of Henry George up to the present Is replete with the histery of struggles Invariably ending in de bacles for the workers. Recently, in the trade union movement itsolf, to beer or not to beer has been the ques tion. Tammany controlled unionism Is here at its worse. No middle class Messiah named La* Follette can lead the workers of New York against their capitalist masters. The revolutionary program of the Workers arty is the only complete his toric answor to this stronghold of im perialist capitalism. From today and until November 4th in tho political campaign the slogan for New York can well be: Communism, or capi talism. Communist Candidates For President: WILLIAM Z. FOSTER. For Vice-President: BENJAMIN GITLOW. - Price 3 Cents BIG RAILROAD IN CHINA GOES UNDER SOVIETS U. S. Dollar Diplomats Do Not Like It (Special to The Daily Workai? , SHANGHAI, Oct. Russia and China have con cluded an agreement whereby they will work jointly for rid ding tAie entire territory of the Chinese people from foreign imperialist interacts. For some time the Soviet Re public has been making it In creasingly uncomfortable for the foreign interests in China. This agreement comes as a climax of the Soviet campaign to help the Chinese redeem their country. Soviets to Run Railroad. The agreement decrees the turning over of the Chinese Eastern Railway to Soviet administration. This decis ion puts the quietus on the plans of the imperialist powers to take over the principal Chinese roads on the pretense of preventing the transporta tion of troops and thus pacifying the country. This suggestion originated in the camp of the British interests which proposed that the United States should take the lead in such interven tion. The Soviet embassy and consular I offices have been thrown wide open lin Shanghai and Peking. Red flags are flying at full mast in both cities. In Peking a rousing reception was ten dered the Communist Ambassador, i Karakhan. Irritates Americans. This manifestation of genuine friendship to the Soviet government in the area of China under the control of Peking is proving especially irritating j to the American and other imperialist j groups. The latter had been looking forward to the Peking government re voking Its recognition of Soviet Rus sia, because of her arrangement with General Chang regarding the disposal ! of the Manchurian Railway. Soviet Ambassador Karakhan views the friendly trend in Russian-Chlnese relations as dealing “a crushing blow to imperialist states, destroying their last chance to grab the Eastern rmil- I way.” For Russo-Chinese Friendship. The strengthening bonds of Russo- Chinese friendship are proving a uni fying force in China and are undoing the chaotic effects of years of foreign imperialist Intervention. It is this gfowing unity of the Chinese people in close alliance with the Soviet Re public that the American and Europe an imperialist powers fear most. They see in this move the greatest dangers to their program of Chinese dismem berment. America Is Especially hard hit because she counted on her pup pet, Wei Pu Fu to fight Soviet Russia. Railroad Toes Mark. SOUTH VANCOUVER, B. CL Oct. 7. —Tho Canadian Pacific railway has been compelled to live up to the fair wage act in work done in South Van couver. WEST MADISON ST. HEARS MAURER TALK ABOUT THE CAMPAIGN The Worker* Party invaded the LaFollette open air camp Tuesday night when George Maurer spoke to the free lancers gathered at Madi son and Green Sta. Maurer devot ed most of his speech to exposing the LaFollette regime In Wisconsin. He pointed out the fact that LaFol lette’a supposed record as a friend of tabor is a colloaal fraud. Maul er mentioned that Wiaconain hat a national guard which Is smaller than few In the country. Maurer told how the open shop pers flocked* to Wisconsin from all over the country because LaFol lette's regirpe protects the employ ers and insures them of a cheap labor supply and plenfy of profit*. A meeting will be held tonight at the corner of 32nd and Halsted Sta., where Victor Zokaitis and Karl Reeve will be the speakers.