Newspaper Page Text
THE DAILY WORKER
RAISEB THE STANDARD FOR A WORKERS AND FARMERB’ GOVERNMENT Vol. H. No. 207. GOMPERS AID TO FASCIST DAWES World War Vets Condemn 'Education Week 1 ’ - AS WE SEE IT By T. J. O’FLAHERTY. »■■■■ Master in chancery briggle of Sangamon county, Illinois, makes It quite dear that Governor Len Small owes the state one million dol lars which he made by lending state funds to the packers at 8 per cent, while Small only had to turn two per cent into the treasury. The capital ists do not like such conduct on the part of their servants, so they are af ter Small’s scalp. An interesting tea tore of the case is that the LaFollette political scavengers who raised sc much fuss over the corruption in Washington were able to line up with Small and found him a "friend of the people.” • • • A Montana farmer-labor paper com ments on the approaching trial ot Burton K. Wheeler for activities similar to those carried on by Fall Benby and the rest of the G. O. F. crooks in Washington. Wheeler sue ceeded in putting the Anaconda tool T. J. Walsh, over on the workers and farmers of Montana, but there is a growing suspicion that Walsh will leave Wheeler in the clutches of the wolves. That is the way politicianr play the game. And Wheeler's former friends, the workers and farmers he betrayed, are Inclined to let the wolves do "their damndest” • • • AN ingenious correspondent inter ested In getting to the bottom of the Dean O’Bannion murder, picked upon the leading catholic ecclesiastical authority in this section of the coun try as the real culprit. By a process of elimination which would do credit to Sherlock Holmes, he arrives at the conclusion that the conspirators were those who supported Crowe’s Irish catholic opponent, Micbeal Igoe, ignor ing the fact that Crowe is also an Irish catholic and Just as loyal—for business reasons of course —to the Roman creed as is his opponent. * * * TiOSE who profit from the capital ist system are not bothered with religious scruples. Those at the top never allow their religious affiliations to stand in the way of making a dol lar-. Only the superstitious workers take it seriously. This is Just as true of the fanatical anti-catholics as of the catholics. The workers must be shown that the leaders of finance and big business, the Morgans. Rockefel lers, Schwabs, Ryans, Belmonts, Garys Farrells, Kuhns, etc., meet, eat and play together without worrying wheth er their respective souls go to heaven or to hell after they stop clipping coupons. Fortunately religious prej udice is dying out and race prejudice with it. (Continued on Page 6.) CLEVELAND WORKERS TO GET THE TRUTH ABOUT ‘ANTI-COMMUNIST WEEK’ (Special to The Daily Worker) CLEVELAND, Ohio., Nov. 18.— The national Education Week of the American Legion, and tho national chamber of commerce will be ex posed in Cleveland at a maaa meet ing, Thursday, Nov. 20, at the La bor Temple, 2536 Euclid avenue, at 8 p. m. The speakers and subjects l are aa follow: J. A. Hampton, "The V'raud of Education Week’’; George lapeun, “The Fight of the Y. W. L. gainst the Perversion of Educa tloiWL; Max Lerner, "Proletarian Dictatorship vs. Capitalist Demoo racy"f^rlerbert Benjamin, "Working Claaa Loyalty va. Capitalist Patriot ism.” • This meeting Is ona of the meas ure* which the Cleveland local of the Worker* Party Is taking to coun teract the open shop, antl-Commun •lst propaganda which is being ad bnlnlstered to the public under the Aulse of National Education Week. IrjiiiiiiiliHllliililiilllliliillililllililiiwuiiiiiMiiiiiiiiiiitiiiiiilliiliiiiiiilm “EDUCATION WEEK” MASS MEETING, New York (the Bronx) FRIDAY NIGHT, NOVEMBER 21, WORKERS HALL, 1347 BOSTON ROAD Speakers: SASCHNA EPSTEIN, LUDWIG LORE, ABRAHAM MARKOFF AND MANUEL ELSTON. | ■<»nanm)m.i|[i»* iiiiiiiiiiiiimiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiimiiwitmmnnt^nl THE DAILY WORKER. CIIDCPDIDTIMI DITECi In Chicago, by mail, |B.OO per yeai oUDOUnIr I lull nAltOi Outside Chicago, by mail, $6.00 per year POISON MINDS OF CHILDREN IN SCHOOL, CHARGE Part of Drive to Smash Organizations of Labor (Special to the Daily Worker) MINNEAPOLIS, Minn., Nov. 18. —National Education Week as proclaimed by President Coolidge is strongly condemned in a resolution adopted today by the national executive com mittee of the World War Veter ans, assembled in a special ses sion at Minneapolis. The World War Veterans, quite unlike the several other organizations of former service men, have displayed sufficient courage to come out into the open and brand this un-Amer ican movement for what it is— a campaign among the school children to poison their childish minds against the expropriated farmers and exploited workers, a drive to reduce wages and smash labor organizations with the support of teachers and in nocent scholars. The resolution as adopted and sign ed by Jack Bradon, national presi dent of the World War Veterans, fol lows: Assault on Schools. "Resolution bn national Education Week. “Calvin Coolidge is designating Nov 17, to Nov. 23, 1924, as Education Week and in enlisting every known agency of reaction in the United States, has again definitely aligned himself with the enemies of progress and advancement. “That there is no depth to which the forces of corruption and predatory in terests will not stoop is proven by the fact that in this particular instance the assault is directed against the pub lic schools of this country. “Little children are to be taught a living lie —are to be told that every movement in the direction of human progress is fostered by dangerous 'Reds’ and discontented radicals. Their little minds are to be system atically distorted and poisoned with hatred for the progressive elements fighting for the right to ’life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness.’ "Teachers will be driven by fear of the loss of employment to do the bid ding of those who seek to destroy froedom of thought and all semblance of that so-called democracy for which thousands of brave Americans offered their lives on the altar of sacrifice. “This alleged Education Week is merely a movement to prepare the minds of school children for future exploitation—that the vested interests will be better able to successfully op pose any and all progressive move ments on the part of the people. Drive Children to War. "Therefore: In view of the above designated facts, we. the members of the National Evecutive Committee ol the World War Veterans, in special session assembled this 17th day of November, 1924, do hereby condomn this un-American attempt to stifle free speech and thought, and with the realization that this so-called Educa tion Week is also designed to psychol ogize the child mind for war and to fight against those opposing warfare, we pledge the offices and efforts of this entire organization to Inform the American people of the true purposes behind this gigantic drive and we fur ther pledge our efforts to warn the workers and farmers that It is their common enemies that are instigating this sinister movement to prepare the people for wage reductions and ‘open shop’ campaigns. “(Signed) Jack Bradon, National President." ■atamd aa limiiil nlaai muter September 1828, ei (he Poet OOee at Chicago, flit—la udv the Act eC March t, I*7*. FOSTER EXPOSES TOOL OF IMPERIALISM By WILLIAM Z. FOSTER. TELEGRAPHIC dispatches from El Paso, Texas, where the forty fourth annual convention of the American Federation of Labor la being held, state that in private conferences between the leaders of the A. F. of L. and representatives of the trade unions of Mexico, Great Britain, Canada and Germany, plans are being made for co-ordination of International labor bodies thruout the world. It Is added that Gom pers hopes to establish from these conferences a union of world labor organization under the guidance of the American Federation of Labor. This indicates that Gompers is finding It necessary, aa a part of his regular program of furthering the interests of American imperialism, to get into the European labor movement. Thia necessity arises from the fact that the invasion of Europe by American Imperialism, of which the Dawes Plan is the first big step, requires that Gompers and com pany, who stand at the head of the labor department of American im perialism, throw their restraining Influence Into the European labor movement which is stirring with revolutionary ferment. In this Gompers alms to repeat the service already rendered to American imperialism in the western hemisphere, where the labor move ments of Mexico, Central America, the West Indies and South America are saddled with his reactionary policies thru the control of the Gompers bureaucracy of the Pan-American Federation of Labor. It is unlikely that Gompers will form any new international. It is unlikely that he even intends to attempt the formation of such an organ ization. But it is his first maneuver to re-enter the International Fed eration of Trade Unions, known as the Amsterdam International. However, Gompers will seek before entering Amsterdam to drive it to the right and to prevent admission of the 5,500,000 revolutionary FARMER-LABOR REACTIONISTS REVEAL PLANS Oppose Recount for E. Youngdahl, Communist (Special to the Daily Worker! MINNEAPOLIS, Minn., Nov. 18.—At a meeting teeming with excitement and interest, “the red-baiters" holding delegate •ships in the city central commit tee of the farmer-labor federa tion again showed their hands, first by organized opposition to the motion demanding a re count of the ballots in the 35th legislative district where Emil S. Youngdahl, Communist can didate, was defeated by less than one hundred votes. Their tactics again became notice able during the time when delegates were preparing to leave the hall, a motion having been made to adjourn. Gustave Drake, local attorney and prominent in conservative farmer-la bor circles, with a cunning shrewdness so characteristic of lawyers, made a motion, reading from a prepared pap er, to the effect that at the next meet ing the following question be debated: “That all delegates harboring Com munlst views be barred from the fed eration.” In the great haste of delegates to leave the hall, Drake’s motion was carried. The left wing element was not asleep, however, and Jack Bra don, delegate from the Machinists Union, countered with a motion that at the next meeting the following ques tlon also be debated: “That all delegates holding views antagonistic to the lntersts of the pro duclng class be barred from particlpa tion in the federation." The next meeting promises to be f lively session and is expected to b< witnessed by a huge crowd of farmer laborites. MINERS IN SPAIN ALSO FIGHT EFFORT TO REDUCE THEIR WAGES (Bpeclal to The Daily Worktr) ASTURIAS, Spain, Nov. 18.—Twelve thousand miners were out on strike here today In protest against a dally wage decrease of fifty centimes. Bank Bursts. BARCELONA, Nov. 18.—The bank of Villa Nueva haa suspended pay ments and thrown into bankruptcy a factory owing 800,000 pesetas. WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 19, 1924 IMMIGRATION OFFICIALS OF U. S. HUMILIATE MEXICAN DELEGATES COMNG OVER INTERNATIONAL BRIDGE By J. W. JOHNSTONE. (Special to The Daily Worker) EL PASO, Texas, Nov. 18.—Immigration officials yesterday hgld up the delegates to the convention of the Mexican Federation of Labor as they panura* into ai Pabo fro® Juarez acto*s-tlrtrTntern«Henal bridge to greet the American Federation of Labftr convention. For twenty minutes the delegates were subjected to insulting inspection. "This man can’t be a delegate,” said Immigration Official Matthews, pointing to a Mexican worker wearing cotton trousers and sandals and no e-socks. All delegates wearing overalls, POLICE AID TO BIG MAIL ORDER HOUSE BOSSES By AL SCHAAP (Organizer, Y. W. L. of Chicago) The drive to organize into the Young Workers League the young workers of Montgomery Ward & Co., a large mail order house, met with the opposition of the city police. Yesterday as the members were taking their posts right at the entrance of the plant the police dispersed them to remote corners of the plant. Despite this interference the mem bers of the Young Workers’ League distributed every leaflet printed and when they ran short they used their lungs and announced that the special mail order edition of the Young Work er would be on sale in the afternoon. Demand Strong for the Young Worker Many of the young workers of the plant were impatient. They wanted to nurchase the paper immediately. However, they were told by the Y: W. L. volunteers that the paper would be in sale in the afternoon. Tive thousand of the 15,000 edition pf the Young Worker have been sold n front of the Sears, Roebuck com (Continued on Page 2.) '*gj££^» 290 unionists of Russia. Indeed, this threat of a new International la designed by him to have this effect. He will seek to force Amsterdam to drop even Its socialist phraseology, and to adopt, as a concession to him, even more reactionary policies. But once inside of Amsterdam, Gompers will have three objectives. First, to organize and strengthen the right wing against the growing left wing. Second, to prevent the admission to Amsterdam of the revolu tionary unions of Soviet Russia and the unity of the Amsterdam organ ization with the Red International of Labor Unions. Third, as a matter of customary adherence to the policy of the American government, Gom pers will make war relentlessly upon Soviet Russia. The policy of Gompers and company always follows the policy of the American government. When Wilson was in office, Gompers was a rabid propagandist for the League of Nations. At the same time ho was holding the A. F. of L. affiliated to Amsterdam. When the big cap italists of America dropped the League of Nations In favor of a policy of independent imperialist action, Gompers also dropped hla support and withdrew from Amsterdam. Just as the American government la the bitterest foe of the Soviet government, Gompers In the labor move ment wars relentlessly upon the Soviets of worker* and peasants. Now, that the aggressive and independent policy of American Im perialism is successfully forcing the capitalist groups of Europe to accept the dominant leadership of Morgan and company; now that Amer lean diplomats are givirtg directions in every great nation on the Europe an continent outside of Soviet Russia, Gompers, the servant of American imperialism is maneuvering upon terms of his own making, to return to Europe to give direction, reactionary and counter-revolutionary direction, to the Amsterdam international. Gompers is following the Fascist Dawes. had to be Identified by some "leader” of the Mexican workers before they were allowed entrance. This humiliating inspection was re sented by the rank and file delegates iraong the Mexicans. They shouted back to Juarez: “Comrades, the Am ericans again insult us.” Mexican officials finally got order. A Resolution of Fraternity. In contrast with Mexican official greeting the delegates this morning found before them a greeting from the union of progressive workers of the paper factory of San Rafael, Mex ico. "To the workers who manufacture paper and the workers of all the in iustries of the United States, greet ngs: "Comrades, These lines are a frat ernal greeting to our class brothers, hut at the same time, we take advan age of the opportunity of communi •ating an idea which synthesizes the ispirations of our struggle. Our cri ‘erion is international, and we wish to be acquainted with all the advantages, ill the experiences acquired by our brothers who language, •>ut have the same objects as we. “To this end, it is necessary that ill your pamphlets, papers, magazines, books, letters and the like be known o us, in order that we may adapt to ;ur environment, all your progress, , be it of an economic or social order or in the field of production. “By acquainting ourselves with your > happiness, your triumphs and your sufferings, we will be .able to attain to the creation of that true class con sciousness that is necessary in order . that the workers of the world may get to the point where they can govern alone. We trust that when you return to your respective organizations, you will make every possible effort to ( comply with our wishes. Yours for the i cause of the organized worker, greet ,lngs and social revolution, San Ra fael, Chaleo, Mexico, November, 1924. “For the executive committee, the general secretary and delegate to the sixth convention of the Mexican Fed eration of Labor, Luis Romero M. Oil Espinosa.” Published Daily except Sunday by THE DAILY WORKJfR PUBLISHING CO.. 1113 W. Washington Bird., Chicago, lIL 1,000 MEXICANS INVADE EL PASO A.F.OFL MEET Bat They Can't Infuse It With Class Spirit By J. W. JOHNSTONE. (Special to The Daily Worker) EL PASO, Texas, Nov. 18.— When the delgates to the con vention of the Mexican Federa tion of Labor, now being held at the city of Juarez across the Rio Grande river from El Paso, marched one thousand strong over the international bridge, thru the El Paso streets and into the convention hall of the American Federation of Labor, the dreary picture of the stodgy, fat and diamond - bedecked batch of labor fakers was sud denly transformed into a gathering of real workers. Gompers Holds the Stage. But the intrigues of Gompers with the reactionary and reformist leaders of the Mexican Federation cast a dull ing tone upon the note of proletarian spirit engendered by the presence oi real workers in overalls and dirty shirts who wanted to sing the Inter national. Thru the Mexican fakers, Rico anil Trevino, Gompers held the center ol the stage. In his speech, Gomperr lauded Obregon, Calles, Rico, Trevinr and Morones as the "saviours of dem ocracy.” Many of the Mexican dele gates have no love for these politi clans and labor fakers so dear to Gompers’ heart. But, not understand (Continued on Page 2.) BALDWIN'S TORY GOVERNMENT IN GREAT BRITAIN VERY MEEK BEFORE THE RUSSIAN SOVIET GOVERNMENT (Special to Th* Dally Worker) LONDON, Nov. 18.—Announcement came today from the foreign office denying that Baldwin's tory government had any Intention of going to grips with the Ruaaian soviet government. It denied that the cabinet planned to tend to Moscow a stern note pro testing against alleged Soviet propaganda In the British emplrs and thus provide grounds for a break in relations with the Soviet government. The foreign office also denied that Winston Churchill and others within ths cabinet supposed to be of anti-Russian Inclinations dominated the situa tion. Let us answer cool- IDCE’S ANTI-RED WEEK BY ADDING 2,000 NEW MEMBERS TO THE WORK ERS PARTY. Price 3 Cent* IMPERIALISM IN EUROPE MAY GET AIDOFA.F.OFL ! Anti-Labor Plot Being Hatched at El Paso < (Spaolal to the Dally Worker) EL PASO, Texas, Nov. 18.-* In private conferences with labor representatives of Mexico,: Great Britain, Canada and Ger-' many, the leaders of the ican Federation of Labor discussing plans for “co-ordi nating activities” of interna tional labor bodies thruout the world. An International Call Rumored. ’** Out of these conferences is expect ed to come a call for a world labor gathering, probably this winter, when a definite organization of European and American labor will be formed. That some sort of a union of world labor organizations be established un der the guidance of the American Fed eration of Labor is stated to be the chief act which Samuel Gompers hopes to accompUsh before laying down the active leadership of the American Federation of Labor. No mention of the relations of such a move to the existing Amsterdam in ternational and the Red International of Labor Unions at Moscow, is di vulged. - Bam Feels His Year*. Gompers has confided to friends that this is the last year he will seek re-election as president of the A. F. of L. If he can accomplish his hope in the coming year, he will not again seek his present office. The representatives with whom the federation leaders are conferring are many of the Mexican leaders now at their own convention in Juarez, Mex ico, Just across- the border, C. T. Cramp, of the National Union of Rail waymen of England; A. B. Swales, chairman of the last Trade Union Con gress of England; Peter Grassman, vice-president of the German Federa tion of Trade Unions and bitter foe ot the workers of Soviet Russia, and John Colbert of the Canadian anions. I AMALGAMATED CLOTHING WORKERS IN NEW YORK MEET SATURDAY NIGHT (Special to The Daily Worker) NEW YORK CITY, Nov. 18.—The Amalgamated Clothing Workers sec tion of the T. U. E. L. In the city of New York Invites all Amalgamated members to come to the great mass meeting to be held at Cooper Union, Bth street and 3rd avenue on Satur day, Nov. 22, at 1 p. m. The meeting la called to protest against the method* used by the un ion official* especially In their man ner of railing dues. All coat mak ers, pants makers, veat makers, children jacket makers, operators, presaers and washable suit makers are urged to attend.