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THE DAILY WORKER. Published by the DAILY WORKER PUBLISHING CO. Ill* W. Washington Blvd., Chicago, 111. (Phone: Monroe 4712) SUBSCRIPTION RATES By mail: 11.00 per year *3.50....6 months *2.00....* months By mail (in Chicago only): o*oo per year *4.50....6 months *2.50....* months Address all mail and make out checks to THE DAILY WORKER HIS W. Washington Blvd. Chicago, Illinois J. LOUIS ENGDAHL | r^lfnn WILLIAM F. DUNNE f MORITZ J. LOEB -.—...-.Businesa Manager Batared as second-class mail Sept. 21, 1923, at the Post- Office at Chicago, 111., under the act of March 3, 1879. Advertising rates on application The European Crisis Two facts stand out from the European dis patches of the last three days. 1. That there is a great revival of revolutionary sentiment and action on the continent, and 2. That the capitalist governments are hysterical and fearful of mass uprisings right at the time when the Dawes plan was supposed to have lulled the masses into that state of somnolence which is necessary for their successful plundering. One more conclusion can be drawn from the European news and its full significance will be understood. It is that under the domination of American capital, to which every western European power is mortgaged now, there is being prepared another offensive against Soviet Russia that waits a favorable opportunity to go into action. The success of the Dawes plan depends upon the wholesale subjugation of European labor. The Communists in every nation are the leaders of the fight against the Dawes plan and it is the purpose of the capitalist governments to crush the Com munist parties which take the lead in organizing the European working class against the Dawes plan and against war on Soviet Russia. Raids, arrests and mass murder are not going to stamp out the Communist parties. The European working class already know that they have been sold by their rulers to American imperialism. The capitalists of Europe have lost their greatest pro paganda weapon. They can no longer raise the slogan of defense of the fatherland and rally the masses of the workers who know that the House of Morgan speaks thru every European cabinet. The raids on the Communists, as in France and Germany, the death sentences passed out en masse in Esthonia, Spain, Roumania and Bulgaria, the foolish stories of the “tottering Soviet govern ment,” are not evidence of the strength of European capitalism, but of a new crisis within it that means its greater instability and greater mass movements of the working class led by the Communist parties, a continual acute crisis that even floods of Amer ican gold cannot cure. Justice The class nature of judicial processes in the United States is shown again in a recent ruling of Judge Anderson of Indianapolis who, after accept ing in 1922 the evidence of hundreds of govern ment stoolpigeons and provocateurs as a basis for the nation-wide injunction against the striking railway shopmen, reprimands a federal narcotic agents for “framing up” a morphine peddler. Opium and morphine salesmen, white slavers and defaulting bankers, being more or less useful to capitalism at times, must be accorded their con stitutional rights. But striking workers and revo lutionary agitators, being a menace to the system that makes judges and dope fiends common de fenders of its sanctity, need be given no such con sideration. They are without the pale and any evidence —none at all is better, according to Gen eral Panther—and any method is good that puts them behind the bars. Beating the Boss to the Punch The workers employed by the Illinois Traction company at Springfield have gone on strike for a 10 per cent increase in wages. Their chances of winning are good inasmuch as they gave the com pany only a few hours notice instead of thirty, sixty or ninety days as is customary in respectable union circles. When the American unions develop the system of surprise attack —a military tactic endorsed by the best authorities—as one of the most dependable weapons in industrial warfare in place of long drawn out negotiations that give the capitalists ample time to recruit scabH and gunmen, they wjll lie on more even terms with the bosses and the labor movement will profit immensely by the mili tant spirit that this tactic will spring from and in crease. New War on Children That the fight against child labor launched by the Workers (Communist) Party of America is actually a struggle against capitalism is shown by the organization recently in North Carolina of an association of cotton manufacturers to light any encroachment on their power to exploit the labor of children. The North Carolina organization is, so its supporters claim, the beginning of a nation wide militant organization of textile capitalists for the perpetuation of child slavery. Tobacco manu facturers and growers will also lie lined up against the children and the Workers (Communist) Party, whose program, with its provision for government maintenance of all children .of school age, meets the situation in the only way it can Im* met short of the abolition of capitalism for which the party also strives. i / Comrade Trotsky Can f t Explain This Comrade Trotsky is not helping himself or the Communist International by the continuation of his opposition expressed in his recent book, “Lessons of the 1917 Revolution.” He is a member of the political bureau of the Russian Communist Party and his opposition is therefore the more reprehensible than if it came from one of the rank and file. Comrade Trotsky approaches genius in many ways, but it seems that he has never learned to submerge himself in the party except during periods of the greatest crisis. He must express his individuality at all costs and in a nation which has the w hole of the capitalist world to fight, such an attitude on the part of one of the leading com rades of the ruling Communist Party is a danger, not only to the Russian working class, but to the whole revolutionary movement. Comrade Trotsky has many admirers in America —he even has a few imitators in the American Communist Party —and his departure from a lead ing position in the Communist International and the Russian Communist Party, inevitable if his present attitude is continued, will cause more ex citement here than in Russia where the party is supreme. The ill-concealed glee with which the capitalist and social-democratic press greets every new op position utterance of Comrade Trotsky ought to be enough to convince him of his error. Certainly it is enough to convince millions of far more humble and less able comrades in the parties of the Communist International. This joyous chronicling of his opposition by the blackest enemies of the world’s working class is something that not all of Trotsky’s literary skill is able to explain away. ______________ Lewis and the Left Wing There is a definite revival of left wing sentiment in the labor movement. In the Amalgamated Association of Iron, Steel and Tin Workers, in the railway terminals where the shop crafts are em ployed, even in the Carpenters’ Union, long be lieved almost lost, election results and actions of the workers indicate new* militancy. In line w r ith this is the great revolt of the rank and file of the miners against the continuous be trayals of Lewis and his underlings. The anthracite territory is in open rebellion and Lewis has an swered with the old weapon of the reactionary enemies of the labor movement —revocation of charters, disruption of the union, denunciation of the striking miners in the capitalist press, a united front w’ith the bosses and vilification of the left wing elements. The best way to get a clear idea of exactly what this expulsion of thousands of miners from the union means at this time, is to briefly review the condition in which the union is at present It is the target of a well-planned and carefully organ ized attack from the coal operators’ association. Non-union mines in the south are being developed rapidly and the coal from these mines is given preference over union-mined coal right in the natural markets of the union districts. Even with winter coming on the union has been unable to develop over fifty per cent employment, for its members because of the flood of non-union coal. The crying need is for organization of these non union fields, but instead of this the Lewis machine disrupts the union in the districts that are needed to furnish the money and men for organization work in the scab territory. This is playing the game of the bosses with a vengeance and it is no wonder that the Lewis ma chine hates with a poisonous hatred the Workers (Communist) Party and the Trade Union Educa tional League that exposes this betrayal of the dues-paying membership and the whole working class. The Bully Becomes a Bum The immediate outcome of the volcanic situa tion in Italy is not hard to predict. There will be an entente cordiale between the remnants of fascism and the constitutional opposi tion—a united front against the Communists and the working class —for a time. This is already forecast in the speech of Mussolini who frightened the yellow socialists and liberals and cajoled them into giving him another vote of confidence by play ing up his downfall as a surrender to Communism. That it would be tantamount to this no one will deny who is famalinr with the speedy inarch of events in Italy. The bloody and bombastic bully, Mussolini, lias become a caw ing raven with spotted plumage that droops more sadly at every new victory of the Communists. His loud challenges to the whole world have shrunk to whispered exhorta tions for aid from the constitutional opposition which, like Mussolini, secs and fears the advancing forces of the Italian working class who have learned in the last year and a half how to deal with their oppressors and Isdrayers. Mussolini, the ImiM “bad man,” has become Mussolini the bum—beg ging favors from former enemies. The Italian situation is full of gloom for capital ism and its procurers, but full of liopA and promise of victory for the workers. What does Judge Elbert Gary think of Mus solini now as his idol trembles and pales in the face of the wrath of the Italian working class? Which reminds us that another Communist baiter, somewhat nearer home, one Itinaldo Cap pellini, is hiding front the outraged Italian-Amer ican miners in the anthracite district. THE DAILY WORKER CELEBRATE THE FIFTH YEAR OF TECHNICAL AID Group of the “Red Ray” Commune Leaves The fight of the local Russian counter - revolutionary clique against the influence of the “Society for Technical Aid to Soviet Russia” and its “Soviet School” took the form, last Saturday night, of a Russian motion picture program in op position to the fifth anniversary celebration and farewell party in honor of a group leaving for the “Red Ray Commune” near Odessa. The picture program was heavily advertised and praised In the local reactionary sheet “Russky Viestnik,” and the~ad vertisements were so worded as to draw both the reactionaries and the radicals. For instance, altho the main five reel film was called “The Calvary of Russian Womanhood,” other titles read, “Russian Movies, 1918-1919,” "Red Leaders in Kiev," “The Cheka in Kiev,” etc. What Russian is not In terested in motion pictures of 1918? So this program was staged at 1839 W. Division street. The Soviet School is at 1902 W. Division street. And to make doubly sure the counter-revolu tkxnists secured a so-called “friend of labor,” M. I. Vorobiev and his “Ru - sian-American Choir” as entertainers. “Hero’ Hissed. But only a handful showed up. and even this small crowd was unsympa thetic toward the white guardists. Whenever the “hero” Denikin ap peared as the “Saviour” of Kiev, he was greeted by more hisses than! cheers, while the “villain” Trotsky re ceived tremendous appplause. This greatly disheartened the Denekinites. The greater part of the crowd left immediately after the show for the already crowded farewell party at the Soviet School and the fiasco of their “white” enemy added to the good spirit there. The program was fur nished by the Y. W. L. orchestra and members of the John Reed Junior Group. A well-known Russian prole tarian actress, Namgova, sand the hymn of the Russian youth, “The Young Guard.” The chairman, ill his review of the five years of activity of the local ..S. T. A. S. R.,” stated that many mem bers of the society were now busy in the mills, mines, factories and fields of Soviet Russia. The largest group of the society, the commune "Red Ray,” has over fifty members, with modern American implements, tilling the soil in the Odessa district. At the conclusion of the program lantern pic tures of the activity of the society were shown. The greatest applause was brought forward by the pictures of the actual work in the “Red Ray” commune in Russia, and by the perse cution visited upon the society in the 1919 raids. Get Big Sendoff. The group, which left on the mid night train, was given a rousing send ofT. As they marched to the door the entire audience stood up singing “The International.” Dancing concluded the program. On Saturday, Dec. 27, 8 p. m., the [society will give a Russian play en ; titled “Miner Kort.” This is a revo ! lutionary episode in the struggles of j the miners of the Donetz Basin dur jing the perilous days of 1918. The ! play is being directed by the cele brated Russian actor, A. Pokotilov. ilt will be held at the Soviet School, 11902 W. Division St., Chicago, and many comrades who do not under stand Russian know from attendance at previous plays that the acting is so excellent that failure to understand the words does not take away the en joyment of the play. t Party Activities Os Local Chicago All friendly organizations, T. U. E. L. groups, party branches, language federations and Y. W. L. branches! Arrangements have been made for the following major city affairs. Do not arrange conflicting affairs on these days: T. U. E. L. Ball—Wednesday, Dec. 31. West End Women's Club Hall, • Monroe and Ashland. Karl Ltehknecht Celebration —Sun- day, January 11, Northwest Hall, corner North and Western Aves. Auspices Y. W. L., Local Chicago. Lenin memorial meeting—Wednes day, Jan. 21, Ashland Auditorium, Van Buren and Ashland. Workers Party, Local Chicago. The Red Revel —Saturday, Feb. 28, West End Women's Club Hall. fa**' /it “TECH AID” WORKERS IN RUSSIA A group of workers at the Russlan-Amerlcan auto factory “Amo," near Moscow. Fifteen members of the Chicago Society for Technical Aid to Soviet Russia are working in that factory. WISCONSIN S. P. IS READY TO SHUFFLE OFF Prepares for Alliance with Republicans i By G. S. SHKLAR. i (Special to The Daily Worker) | MILWAUKEE, Wis., Dec. 7. The j socialist party of Wisconsin *is getting i ready for the final act of betrayal of giving up its socialist name and defi nitely aligning with the middle class , movement. i William Coleman, state secretary of i the socialist party, participated in the meeting of the state conference oi the conference for progressive politi cal action in Madison, Wisconsin, on Nov. 30, at which it was decided to go ahead with the formation of a “new political party.” It is interesting to observe that the socialist party does not even play with the words farmer-labor. In giv ing up its radical name, it will changf it for a real innocent name that would not be offensive to the middle class politicians. It is apparent that the S. P. will go a long way toward form ing an alliance with the republican party politicians. Any kind of a party will do seems to be their slogan. S. P. Is C. P. P. A. in Wisconsin The conference for progressive political action in the state of Wiscon sin is composed chiefly of the socialist party politiicans and the followers oi former Lieutenant Governor Com mings, an unsuccessful candidate for governor on the republican party ticket, who was defeated by Governor Blaine. The true virtue of Commings con sists of, the socialists say, of being a true Christian and in being very honest. The issues of honesty the S. P. of Wisconsin substituted for the class struggle. A truly unique per version of Marxism. Both of these groups claim to be the only true followers of LaFollette but it seems that LaFollette does not care for people who seem to take him too seriously. At the crucial moment in the election campaign LaFollette endorsed Blaine in opposition to other j candidates and Blaine received most I of LaFollette’s votes, while the oppo sition group including the socialists could rally only 45,000 votes of the to tal 350,000 votes cast for LaFollette. And still this group persists in lick ing LaFollette’s boots and fights for the favors of wearing the master’s name, while at the same time dis playing intolerance and had hate towards the Communist movement. The group humbly submitting to the dictatorship of LaFollette is madly raving about the proletarian dictator ship in Russia. It is apparent that if the new party is formed it will be nothing but an other political abortion including the renegade socialist party and a small group of sympathizers. This group will claim for itself the heritage tc : LaFollette’s movement and will event ually be outwitted and destroyed by , tho LaFollette republican machine headed by Blaine, even as this group was outwitted in the last elections. Communist Movement Growing. The final betrayal of the socialist party politicians will help to clarify ' the issue. The elimination of the socialist party from the political arena offer wonderful opportunities for the Communist movement. The member ship of the Workers Party in Wiscon sin will maintain contact with work ers who still follow the lead of the socialist party and who will eventually follow and Join our movement as soon as they will learn to understand the impotence and treacherous charac ter of the socialist party. To win the masses away from the corrupt leadership of the socialist party and under tho banner of the Communist movement is one of tho principal tasks of our party in Wis consin. The socialist party is dead —Long live tho party of revolutionary socialism —The Workers (Commun ist) Party of America. Subscribe for “Your Daily,” the DAILY WORKER. GENERAL WU’S FOLLOWERS NOW REGULAR BANDITS (Special to The Daily Worker) PEKING, Dec., 7.—The followers of Wu Pei Fu have now deserted him and are resorting to banditry in order to make ends meet. The general has taken to his heels out of Houan prov ince following a revolt bf his troops It looks like Wu’s finish. There are persistent reports that General Chang Tso Lin and Tun Chi Jui. both favored a better proposition than flight to Wu, but it seems that the influence of Sun Yat Sen is very strong qt the capital and he looks on Wu as a tool of foreign capital. The revolutionary leader is expected to arrive here toworrow after a success ful visit to Japan. British and U. S. Influence. American and British influence has been brot to bear on the military leaders now in control of Peking tc bring back Wu and oust the pro-So viet leaders. This has not yet hap pened, however, and it is not denied that Soviet Russia is exerting power ful influence in the situation for the unification of China and the better ment of the conditions under which the Chinese masses live. [PARTY ACTIVITIES NEW YORK CITY CLASSES AND OPEN FORUMS IN THE BRONX. Bronx Readers, Attention! "A. B. C. of Communism,” every Tuesday night, at 1347 Boston Road. Dr. I. Stamler, instructor. All mem bers of Bronx Section, Workers Party, who have joined the party within a year, must attend this class. Others invited. English. Elementary, Monday night, at 611 East 173rd St. S. Felshin, in structor. Advanced English, every Friday night, at 611 East 173rd St. Ely Jacob son, instructor. Bronx Open Forums—Every Sunday Night, at 1347 Bosfon Road. 77ec. 14—L. Lore on “Aftermath of German Elections.” Dec. 21 —M. J. Olgin on “Revolu tionary Aspects of Russian Culture.” Watch these columns for furth e r an nouncements. WHAT CAUSES OUR POORNESS? Translated from "Nasha Molodjezh” By HELEN VRABEL (13 years old.) IHd you ever ((top to think why we are bo poor? Did you ever talk to your parents about it? No? Wouldn’t you like to knoVr why we cannot have everythin!? like the rich people?' O: course you do! First ot all let us consider how we live. All the things we need for our comfort, for the comfort of those we love and which we caunot afford to buy. We are told at school what kind of food to eat to give us fctrongth but our mother has Just so much money to spend on food and she must buy the food that Is cheap and satisfies our hunger rather th*p (hat which will build finer bodies for ns. Such expen sive food is for those who have money to spend without an end. The stores are filled with good warm clothes. They are beautiful to look at. We need new clothes but we know that we can only wear the clothes our parents can afford to buy for us. Most of us must wear clothes that our mother makes over from old clothing. When we come home from school everywhere In our home we see poor ness. Our mother is so tired from overwork that she hardly has time or the strength to talk to us, let ulone play with us. Our father comes home from work, eats his supper and then Monday, December 8, 1924 LA FOLLETTE IN MOVE TO FLOAT BOURGEOIS PARTY' Will Use Farmer-Labor Movement as Ballast By LAURENCE TODD. (Federated Press Staff Correspondent.) WASHINGTON, Dec. 7.—Berger is keenly enjoying the situation created by the LaFollette movement. "Sen. LaFollette has fought the re publican party and left it; there Is no question about that,” he has told the press. "The senators barred by the republican caucus have made speech es charging that the republican party is corrupt and operates as the enemy of the farmers and wage workers, as an enemy of the common people. They have done all they possibly could to defeat the republican party. “There is just as much cause and reason to keep them out of the repub lican caucus as there would be to keep me out if I claimed now to be a republican. I believe it is dishonest o use a false label to get into office, jcn. LaFollette has nothing to lose by making good his promise, by joining a new party. The chances are that he will be re-elected to the senate in four years if he takes that course. As for the house members they may feel the loss of committee appoint ments but they must be willing to pay the price if they are to be plon jeers.” LaFollette’s circular letter to state chairmen of the progressive campaign organization is indicative of his in tention to do the thing that Berger urges him to do. After thanking the chairmen for their efforts in the campaign in which he says a vote of 6,000,000 was cast for the independent ticket, the Wisconsin senator sounds the keynote—“We have just begun to fight!” He says the Coolidge organ ization employed misrepresentation, slander and intimidation to an extent hitherto never dreamed of in Amer ican politics, and he emphasizes the economic pressure applied in every direction to break down the political revolt of the people. “In order that we may carry on the work we have begun,” he asks for de tailed information as to names and addresses of persons who helped in the campaign, the character and ex etnt of work done, the character of in timidation and slander used by the op position, the cost of the campaign on both sides and the result of the final count of ballots. Repeatedly he warns them against becoming discouraged at the outcome of this battle; “we just begun to fight.” GRAND OPERA DATES Thursday night brings the first pre sentation of Lakme with Pareto, Scht pa, Cotreuil; Oukrainsky, and Corps de Ballet, with Charles Lauwers, Lauwers, making his American debut as conductor. Friday night Carmen will be sung with Garden, Macbeth, Ansseau, Rimi ni; Oukrainsky, Miles. Elisius, Milar, Nemeroff, Shermont and Corps de Bal let. Conductor Polacco. Saturday matinee brings the first presentation of the Jewels of the Ma donna. with Raisa, Lamont, and Rimi ni; Oukrainsky, Miles. Nemerof, Sher mont and Corps de Ballet. Conduc tor Cimini. Traviata will again be sung on Saturday evening with Pareto, Schipa, Schwartz; Oukrainsky, Miles. Milar, Shermont and Corps de Ballet. Con ductor Cimini. he must go to bed so that he will be strong enough to work and keep his job. He is always telling mother about the boss. We hear little bits of conversation between them. “Today the boss said twenty men will be laid ofT.’' Mother looks up worried. “I don’t think I will be laid off but those who remain will get a cut In wages.” Or, “I suppose I will be laid off and have to look for a job again. Better not buy shoes for all the children Buy shoes for John and mend John’s old ones for Tom.” J And we wonder! Why are wypoorl What causes this poorness? Is It our father’s fault? Is it because he Is lazy? Is it because he does not bring all the money he earns home to us? No indeed. Our father works hard and brings his money home. He Is not lazy. Whose fault is it then? What causes our poorness? (To be continued tomorrow) Yesterday I saw at the fair, A big, fat greedy millionaire. His eyes are sharp like a pin Greedy to grab the money In. He sends out some of his trusty spies, Then closes one of his greedy eyes And fancies he sees the money come ir From the poor workers who are so thin. By a Little Junior 9 Years Old.