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THi DAILY WORKER. Published by the DAILY WORKER PUBLISHING CO. 1118 W. Washington Blvd., Chicago, lIL (Phone: Monroe 4712) SUBSCRIPTION RATES By mall: 16.00 per year $3.60....6 months $2.00....# months By mail (In Chicago only): SB.OO per year $4.50. ...6 months $2.50....8 months Address all mail and make out checks to THE DAILY WORKER 1113 W. Washington Blvd. Chicago, Illinois J. LOUIS ENGDAHL ( Fditora WILLIAM F. DUNNE f MORITZ J. LOEB —. Business Manager Entered as second-class mail Sept. 21, 1923. at the Post- Office at Chicago, 111., under the act of March 3. 1879. Advertising rates on application Gompers 9 Successor The capitalist and reformist press is greatly exercised over the choice of a successor to Gom pers, but we Communists are not so interested in the individual who will step into the dead man’s shoes, as we are in the fact that, whoever he may be, he will continue the policy of class collabora tion and servility to imperialism that makes of the A. F. of L. machine the most reactionary combina tion with a labor label in the whole world. There is not a single official among those from whom the next president of the American Federa tion of Labor will come but that is as wholly reac tionary as Gompers was. There is not a single member of the official family that does not worship at the shrine of American capitalism, not a single one that is not against the doctrine of class strug gle, not a single one that is not as devoted an up holder of the existing order as Gary or Rockefeller. From this precious crew the workers of America can hope for nothing but betrayal—betrayal studied and constant. The officialdom of the American Federation of Labor has embarked upon a con scious policy of imperialist activity that expands in proportion to the aggressions of the American ruling class. The American labor movement was left by Gom pers at the bottom of the pit. It can sing no lower but it will continue to play the role of watchdog for American imperialism at home and in the sub jugated nations. There is no successor to Gom pers that will make the slightest effort to change this role. The only result that may come from a change in individual leadership is that ihternal rivalries and dissensions, a struggle for power among the bu reaucrats, may disrupt the official machinery and make it less efficient. There may set in a process of decay that the aged but lirm hand of Gompers was able to check. The tendency in the American Federation of Labor is towards closer unity of the most reac tionary sections internally and internationally towards unity with other reactionary groups in the Amsterdam International. It would not be sur prising therefore if the railway brotherhoods came into the A. F. of L. to consolidate behind the suc cessor to Gompers a solid bloc of the labor aris tocracy that would tend to make the A. F. of L. a more efficient instrument of imperialism. These then are the two possibilities—a struggle for leadership that may weaken the bureaucracy or a compromise that will line up the most back ward elements in the organized labor movement. The latter is the more probable because Amer ican imperialism needs the A. F. of L. to block the rise of a fighting labor movement. The task of the left wing organized around the Workers (Communist) Party will not be changed by a change of leadership of the trade unions. Its lask of breaking the grip of reaction on the or ganized workers may be made easier by a weak successor to Gompers, but back of him, whoever he may be, there will stand the full power of American capitalism. 0 , The Capitalist Assassins The attempt to assassinate Leonid Krassin, So viet ambassador to France, was dismissed by the capitalist press with very scanty notice. But the news that filtered into the papers from Paris sought to justify the act of the would-be murderer by mixing the news of the attempted assassination with a hash of atrocity yarns supposed to have been seen by the female killer. A similar effort was made to justify the dope fiend who murdered Comrade Voritsky in Switzerland. While the capitalist press indulged in an orgy of big headlines over the imaginary “red plots” that convulsed the panicky French bourgeoisie, and pointed out the coincidence of these “plots” with the arrival of the Soviet envoy, dismissed the assassination plot, a very real thing, as a matter of no importance. It did not happen to suit their main purpose, which is defaming Soviet Russia. The capitalists will never let up in their fight ugainst Hoviet Russia. The workers’ republic stands as a perpetual challenge to the dark forces of capitalism. They try mass force and they try starvation and the boycott. They are not beyond using the assassin’s dagger and the bullet. But all their attempts will fail. Behind the So viet government there is the immense power of the millions of workers and peasants while within each capitalist nation there are in reality two na tions, the capitalists on one side and the workers on the other. It is this fact that stands like a dreaded ghost over the couch of the bourgeoisie. It is this fact that is responsible for their pnnic, which manifests itself in ‘Ted raids” and assassin ation plots against the leaders of the workers’ revo lution oil over the world. Proud of Their Treachery Fritz Ebert, socialist president of capitalist Ger many, is growing offensive to the monarchist and extreme nationalist elements of that country, now that they are somewhat less nervous over the inner political situation than they were at any time since the defeat of the imperial armies on the western front in 1918 sent the kaiser on an extended pil grimage to Holland. In justice to Ebert, it must be said that he has done his level best to serve his masters and it must also be admitted that he pulled out of a nasty hole when he and his party prevented the German workers from following in the footsteps of their Russian comrades and erecting a Soviet Republic on the ruins of capitalism in 1918. But the big capital ists and landowners of Germany, like their proto types in England, do not consider gratitude a servicable virtue. Ebert having, in their opinion at least, outlived his usefulness as a decoy duck with which to deceive the masses, they decided to confer the order of the boot on him. The monarchists charge the socialists with hav ing aided the munition strikes in 1918 and thus helping to defeat the German armies. To this charge Ebert and Scheidemann enter vigorous denial, offering proof that the executive committee of the social-democratic party refused to support the munitions workers’ strike and urged them to obey the conscription laws. In order to com pletely knock out the monarchist charges, Ebert read a letter from Von Hindenburg, praising the socialists for their services to the kaiser during the war. After reading the letter, Ebert leaned back with a satisfied smile on his greasy countenance. In the face of such a recommendation from the leader of the German armies during a period of the war, what more could be said in the way of testimony to the loyalty of the yellow socialists to the Ger man plunderbund and their treachery to the Ger man working class? And it is because Ebert is showing his true face more and more to the workers as their enemy that his usefulneses to the big capitalists is decreased. The evidence that may acquit him of the charge of treason to the German government during the war, will automatically convict him of treason to the German working class. Democracy at Its Best Those who glorify American pure democracy usually do so with considerable volume of speech. Nearly every effort made by these defenders of the most notorious fraud in existence aims to hide the real character of our emloying class dictatorship behind a smoke screen of meaningless abstrac tions. The loyal lackeys of our capitalist system are especially vociferous in their praise of the exten sion of. American democracy as a civilizing force among the so-called backward colonial peoples. We have in mind a genuine manifestation of the kind of democracy our ruling class transports to the economically weaker lands. We have in mind the last eleetion in Porto Rico. American sugar interests and Yankee tobacco interests have for many years been raising havoc with the will of the mass of Porto Ricans. Even the slightest pre tense at liberalism in politics was bitterly fought by our capitalist group. The matter has now as sumed a character which is forcing the Porto Ricans, even the meekest of them, to protest vehe mently. In Washington, the headquarters of our bosses’ democracy, the Porto Ricans have established a protest committee. These Porto Ricans are still illusioned as to the place where they can get help for their national freedom. Their statement char acterizes the last election in Porto Rico as reeking with “fraud, violence, corruption and wholesale robbery.” These elections held on November 4 are branded as “the greatest outrage upon American citizenship ever committed.” Washington is the last place on earth where these wrongs will be righted. Washington is the city where all the criminals who perpetrated the ghastly crimes against the Porto Rican masses draw their inpsiration. If the Porto Ricans ever hope to win national freedom they will have to light to the bitter end against those who dominate Washington. They will have to ally themselves with the working and poor farming masses of this country who are fighting the very same enemy. The sham of American democracy is a menace to the workers at home as well as the masses abroad. Insuring “The Daily” Comrade Alfred Wagenknecht, who is on tour for The DAILY WORKER campaign to raise funds so that it can be developed into a bigger and better paper in 19115, is meeting with success. At a meet ing of Workers Party locals in Youngstown, Ohio, representing a membership of 308, one thousand dollars was pledged and this money is to be paid to the DAILY WORKER within thirty days. This enthusiasm for our daily is typical. From everey section of the country our members are rallying in a most satisfactory manner to the call of the Central Executive Committee to make the DAILY WORKER campaign the first order of business at all Workers Party meetings. The in crease in circulation made by the first Communist daily in the English language since it was founded and particularly during the election campaign, is a healthy sign and proves that with more effort our paper can become a tremendous weapon for bringing the message of Communism to the masses. Ir is the I wist weapon in our ursenal for making contact with the masses. Get behind it. Get u memhei for the Workers Party and a new bubbcriptiou lor the DAILY WORKER. THE DAILY WORKER Organize the Party - - 8 » l - In these days of intense party dis cussion on the theses of the C. E. C. and the minority we must not over look the important task of building our organization. On the contrary, we should take advantage of the situatior by bringing to the forefront the neces sity of bending every effort towards building the Workers Party in a mass Communist party. The task of get ting new members should be one that is never lost sight of. In the program of action, which was adopted unanimously by the C. E. C several months ago, and printed in pamphlet form, one of the most im portant items was exactly thi: strengthening of our party member ship. The program of action proposed that in every unit of the party then CAL SCHEMES ID FORESTALL VOTE ON POSTAL RAISE Higher Rates for 2nd Class Mail Subterfuge (Special to The Daily Worker) WASHINGTON, D. C., Dec. 15.—President Coolidge is work ing hard to prevent a vote re curring in the senate on the bill providing pay increases for pos tal employes, which he vetoed. It is known that the vetoed bill is likely to pass over Cool idge’s veto, and in order to fore stall a vote, Coolidge held a con ference with two favorable senators. New Takes Fight Out of Senate. Postmaster General New is trying to rescue Coolidge from this political pitfall by advocating advances in postal rates on second class mail. The newspapers of the country are pro testing against this increase, how ever, and it is hoped by Coolidge backers to keep the discussion going until it is too late to take a vote. Coolidge told the senators that he fears another attempt will be made to arrange a date for voting on the bill increasing the postal employes' sal aries. Coolidge is not going to raise their pay if he can help it. Senators Reed of Missouri and Dill of Washington blocked an attempt to postpone vote on the bill until Jan uary 8, charging it was “subterfuge attempting to prevent the senate from overriding the president’s veto.” 150,000 Workers in New York Lose Jobs Since October, 1923 NEW YORK CITY, Dec. 15.—About 150,000 workers who were on the pay rolls of factories in New York state in October 1923 are on the streets looking for work today, according to the November employment report of Industrial commisisoner, Shlentag. His report shows that changes in em ployment since September have been merely seasonal with no effective break in the depression which hit wage earners in the spring. Shientag’s statement contains a chart which shows that this employ ment slump which reached the low point in July and August was far more serious than has generally been admitted by the capitalist press. The line falls rapidly from a level nearly 3 per cent above the average of 1923 to a level more than 15 per cent below that average. This represents a 12- month decline of about 17% per cent Factory employment in New York state, says Shientag, showed practic ally no change in volume from Octo ber to November. The usual seasonal decreases in some lines tended to ef fect lm*>rovements in textiles, wood manufacture and some metals. Changes of Importance noted in the report are Increase of 1,500 employed by railroad equipment manufacturers reporting to the commissioner; gains of several hundred workers in both textile and furniture industries; addi tion of 1,900 in the Inst two months to the forces employed by steel mills in the vicinity of Buffalo; decrease of 1,600 in sugar factories; and layoff! in the clothing industry including more than 1,000 workers in the worn en’s garment trades. British Miners Defend 7-Hour Day. LONDON.—Not a chance in the world of getting the Miners’ Federa tlon of Great Britain to give up the 8-hour day, declares Gen. Secy. A. J. Cook. Before the employers can re store the 8-hour day there will be the fiercest strike in the history of Brit ish mining, Cook promises. When thi contract expires in June 1926 the min ers will demand continuance of the 7-hour day with increased wages. Next Sunday Night and Every Sun day Night, the Opsn Forum. should be membership committees created. This was intended to be taken seriously by our party and it should be put into effect everywhere Up to date, however, most of the branches have not given this vital matter the attention that it deserves Another principle of the program of action was that the mere creation of committees to carry out certain func tions, such as membership committees to get members, was not sufficient. These committees had to be made to function. Hence, at every branch meeting a call should be made upon the membership committee to make t report of its activities. In case the committee does not function liver elements should be injected into it. Under no circumstances should it be alowed to degenerate into a paper or ganization. The life of such com mittees depends upon demands being made upon them for results. GOVERNMENT IS URGED TO DEPORT LASSEN, HUNGARIAN COMMUNIST, TO DIE AT HANDS OF HORTHY (Special to The Daily Worker) NEW YORK, Dec.-15.—The United States government, which recently made a loan to the Horthy fascist government, is now ready to assist that government once more. The defeat of the Hungarian proletarian revolution in 1919 was followed by a government which began a systematic campaign to root out, not only the Communists, who had led the revolution, but every working class organ ization. Horthy’s regime has been one of blood. The heel of the dictator —whose government is under the control of the league of nations —has been felt by every member of the working class who showed any militancy. The Communists did not cease their activity in behalf of the oppressed workers. Many of them were shot, many sent to prison for long terms. Many of them were forced to flee from the w r hite guards, who hounded them all over Europe. The trade unionists were persecuted: all the ac tive workers were terrorized. The social-democrats worked openly with the government, denouncing the Com munists and revolutionary workers. Among the active workers in this period of the history of the Hungarian working class movement was John Lassen. Lassen was not a man of words alone —he was a man of deeds. As a consequence, he was forced to flee from Hungary and came to the United States. The Horthy fascist government would like to put its hands on Lassen, for since his com ing here he has been active in edi torial work, being editor of the UJ Elore, the Communist Hungarian pa per. This paper has helped to keep the revolutionary movement alive in Hungary, at a time when all Commun ist and revolutionary papers were for bidden. Hence the Horthy govern ment hates and fears Lassen. The Uj Elore has also been most effective in revolutionizing the Hungarian work ers in the United States and bring ing them into close touch with the Communist movement. 'For this rea son the Uj Elore and its editor, John Lassen, are hated by the capitalist controlled American government. No wonder, therefore, that the Amer ican government sought an opportun ity to stop Lassen’s effective work both in the United States and in Hun gary. Horthy would like to lay his hands on Lassen—it seems there is no friend more willing to help him in this case than the United States gov ernment. Just before the elections, Lassen wrote a poem on the significance of the ballot. Lassen is a poet known on both continents. For the content of this poem Lassen was arrested and now stands before the capitalist court charged with stirring the masses to violence. This looks like a trick of By ALFRED V. FRANKENSTEIN. ENRICO TRAMONTI, first harpist of the Chicago Symphony orchestra, made his annual appearance with the orchestra on the regular program of Dec. 12 and 13. He played a chorale and variations by Charles Marie Widor. No week ever goes by with out some rusty organist in a church of God playing one of this man Wldor’p mediocre symphonies for organ. He is still grinding them out, but he oc casionally changes the instruments tion a bit, as in this harp work. Mr. Tramonti surely could have picked something better to play. Ferruccio Busoni died last July. As a memorial to him Mr. Stock opened this program with the Italian music ian’s "Berceuse Elcgiaque,” a lullaby sung by a man at the coffin of his mother. Busoni’s treatment of the theme is quite simple and severe but conveys in a deeply affecting way the sense of the stillness and the majesty of death. The only work that comes near to it in power of expression is Rachmaninov’s “Island of the Dead.’ Busoni was one of the great men of the day, and his passing is greatly to be regretted. As a pianist, arranger and editor, teacher and composer his ability was preeminent. A new suite in four movement! called "From Finland,’ by Selim Palm gren was given its first Chicago per formance on Lhlß occasion. The music The Communist International has emphasized time and again that the great task before the Workers Party is to build itself into a mass Com munist party. The Workers Party fully aware of this necessity, has like wise repeatedly urged the members to give this matter of getting new mem bers more consideration. One of the leading points to be borne in mind in the membership campaign is to utilize all our party movements around the varous slogans for the securing of new members for the Workers Party. It is not enouge simply to advocate class political action, amalgamation, organ ization and relief for the unemployed and the other various campaigns of the Workers Party. The very essence of these is that they shall be utilized for the building of the Workers Party If we fail to use them for this purpose, we fail in our Communist duty. We must build our membership. An the government, playing band in hand with the Horthy fascist government. The Hungarian workers in the United States know what Lassen means to the revolutionary movement of this country. This is a matter, however, that affects not only the Hungarian workers, but the WHOLE American working class. LASSEN MUST BE DEFENDED BEFORE THE CAPITALIST COURT. The American workers must demonstrate that neither the capitalist class of the United States nor the fascist dictator ship of Hungary can make a victim of John Lassen. This case must be fought thru the courts —but that will mean a large sum of money if Lassen is to be saved for further work in the labor movement. If the government succeeds in convicting Lassen, it will be easier for them in the future to Intimidate and persecute the revolu tionary and labor press of this coun try. The workers Party calls upon all revolutionary workers and sym pathizers with the militant and revolu tionary labor movement of this coun try to assist in the defense of this comrade. Thousands of dollars will be required—hence every worker and militant in the labor movement must assist. The legal defense of Comrade Lassen is being handled by the Labor Defense Council. Send all contribu tions to the Labor Defense Council, New York Division, 208 E. 12th St., New York City, (or to Room 307, 166 W. Washington St., Chicago, 111.) Skilled Workers Fill Unemployment Lines in Tacoma, Wash. TACOMA, Wash., Dec. 15.—Unem ployment has increased sharply here. An average of 600 unemployed work ers seeks jobs in the city-state free employment office daily. This does not include the hundreds who wait at the gates of factories and sawmills in this town every morning. The Todd steel shipyard recently closed down, throwing nearly 1,000 skilled men out of work. as indicated by the titles of each movement , (‘‘Spring Dreams,” “Min uet in Popular Style,” “Dance of the Palling Leaves,” and “Sleigh Ride”) is anything but the work of an over brilliant imagination. The suite might be vastly more effective If ar ranged for piano solo. Music with a social significance is Alfredo Casella's Italian rhapsody which wound up the program. Cassel la did not take a couple of dance tunes and shove them at us as representa tive of his country. But he took a grim, acrid tune of the slaves who work in the sulphur mines of Sicily, a hopeless, beseeching prayer of fisher men and a pitiful title melody sun| by the women who work In marble quarries near Palermo and built up an opening slow movement on them. And the rhapsody winds up with a brilliant use of the Neapolitan song "Funlculi-Funicula” and as it never has been handled before. This rhap sody is one of the big contributions of the new Italian school. The Beethoven eighth was the symphony of the week. And that is too well known to require comment here. tUv </&**“-* f s *- Tuesday, December 16, 1924 increased strength to the party meaiis greater power in every direction. the material is at hand for us to do this building. There are large num bers of close sympathizers who should be brot into our party, there are many former members who have allowed themselves to drop out for various reasons. The available elments amongst these should be brot into the party. Every worker has a circle of friends. He should carry out a syste matic campaign to bring them to our party. Our slogan should be “Every Member Get a Member.” Just a little activity in ths direction by the masses of the rank and file will mean a tre mendous strengthening of the Work ers Party in every direction. Let us therefore put on the first order ol business in all or acitivies the cons tant and systematic building up of the Workers Party into a mass Com munist party. Views of Our Readers To The DAILY WORKER:—As a worker like millions of others under the capitalist system, who go from place to place with the jobs, I was lucky enough to secure a job around Oakridge, Oregon on a construction job. All I want to write about is some thing of the officials of the I. W. W., or rather the anarchists who work in side the I. W. W. whom I consider the most reactionary element in the class struggle. I do not mean to say anything about the members of the I. W. W., as they are as good as any workers anywhere. But I do dare to speak against the editor of the In dustrial Worker, whom Harrison George rightly calls the “funny edit or.” If you get the Industrial Worker for November 15, you will find on the first page an article entitled “Camps on the Natron were hell holes.” In that it says: “Trouble has also come because of the greed of the steam shovel men who are continually seeking overtime. These men are organized in the A. F. of L. and have' what they call a basic 8-hour day, but these steam shovelers in every camp asked for overtime, and they are ones respon sible for the 10-hour day on the Nat ron Cutoff. It was impossible to give them their overtime and not have the muckers work longer shifts. Do these steam shovel men believe In the 8- hour day?” In this, as in other things, the editor of the Industrial Worker ia lying. The trouble did not come be cause some of the workers have been working overtime thereby forcing other to do the same. There were on this job and working overtime not only non-union men, but members of the I. W. W. also working overtime and anxious to do so. When I asked some of the mem bers of the I. W. W. “Why do you go out of the camps, fellow workers, be fore the time?” And when I told some of them, “‘Come, sit down here, wait for the time to come.” Then a fellow worker whose name I give here as Pete Merry, told me, “It’s none of your business.” Now you can see who is acting like the A. F. of L. Yours for the Workers Party,—S G. G. Claim Lewis Re-Elected. INDIANAPOLIS, Ind., Dec. 15—Al tho the official convass of the votes has just begun, the Lewis headquar ters claims that John L. Lewis has been re-elected president of the United Mine Workers of America, together with his entire ticket. The vote is not given. HUMAN EMOTIONS. Book Review. “Crime, Its Biology and Psychology” by Duron J. H. Ward, is a little pamphlet which undertakes to ex plain the true nature of crime and the reason why crimes are committed. Ward’s purpose in writing this book let was advocating prison reforms. He nrgues that the criminal instead of being locked up in our present form of prisons, should be removed from* the society whose laws he violated Vo an institution which is an organised society of its inmates und undertakes to train men how to function as cit izens in an organized society. As soon aB he enters this new "society” he is at once to be made a respon sible participant in its civic duties and social functions. The pamphlet insofar as it is scientific contains a valuable analysis of human instincts, their influence on behavior under normal conditions and how extreme emotions cause perver sions. For Instance, the instinct of feeding is expressed in chewing, the usual feoling is appetite, but the ex treme emotion of that Instinct is glut ony. The instinct of roving is ex pressed by migration, the usual feel ing is wanderlust. The extreme emo tion is vagabondism. Anyone interested in psychology will find this pamphlet a handbook of uaelul information.