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DETROIT AUTO WORKERS STAND BY COMMUNISTS Denounce ‘Syndicalism 9 Laws Protests and resolutions are being sent in to the Labor De fense Council from all over the country, demanding that C. E. Ruthenberg be freed and pro testing against the prosecution of Robert Minor or any of the others who were indicted along with Ruthenberg. The Auto Workers’ Local No. 127 of Detroit expressed its stand as follows: Drive Against AM Workers. “Since the world war many states have passed so-called ‘criminal syndi calism’ and ‘criminal anarchy’ laws which are in violation of the spirit of the bill of rights of the United States constitution, and are instruments of the employing class tyranny over tht workers and their organizations." After sounding the warning that the railroading of Ruthenberg, Minor, Fos ter, Dunne and the other 28 Michigan defendants, well-known fighters in the ranks of the labor movement, will be only the beginning of a general capi talist drive against the entire labor movement, the union resolves to pro test against and condemn the action of the Michigan supreme court and tc support the Labor Defense Council. They call upon all labor bodies and working class organizations to do like wise. Their petition urges the gov ernor of the state of Michigan to issue an unconditonal pardon to Ruthenberg. and they protest against any further prosecution of those indicted along with Ruthenberg. Their resolution was adopted Jan. 9, 1925 and is signed by A. S. Weaver, chairman and R. S. Swann, secretary. Funds for Legal Battle. Already a of working class organizations and unions have realiz ed the importance to labor of a great counter-offensive defense fight against the railroading of the Michigan de fendants and are sending in their con tributions to the Labor Defense Coun cil. The United Mine Workers of Am erica, Local No. 705, O’Fallon, 111., sent a check for $25.00. The joint educa, tional committee of three lodges—N. C. S., C. S. 1., and S. N. B. S., of Christopher, Illinois—sent a money order for $25.00. The Workingmen’s Sick Ben, and Ed. Federation of New York writes “Enclosed find $25 which is all we can possibly give at this time. We would like to send more and promise to contribute again as soon as we can.” The Workingmen’s Sick Ben. and Ed. Federation of New Pittsburgh, Pa. donated $25 and prom ises “The decision of our executive committee is that we are going to send you every month $25.” The Labor De fense Council has issued a call for SIO,OOO before March 1. All workers and working class organizations thru out the country are asked to respond generously and NOW! Bronx Concert and Ball. Saturday, Feb. 28; good music, good concert; proceeds to raise funds for section, and for library at Workers Hall. Comrades keep this day in mind. We received an essay by Com rade Helen Petras on Lenin. Comrade Helen is 10 years and a member of the LaFayette Nucleus of Chicago. This group of Juniors has promised to write essays for our column on Lenin, Liebknecht, the Communist Par ties of the world and the Work ers’ Revolution. These essays will appear in our column as we receive them. We’re so glad to get these essays. For you know we are quite sure they will make the rest of our little Juniors get busy and write something for our column. To repeat what kind of contri butions we want for column. Tell a story (no matter how short or how long, but tell it), about anything that happened to you while you were at school or walking along the street or talking to your playmates. Other children will surely be glad to hear about it. Tomorrow I shall tell you a story about an experience I had one day on my way to the DAILY WORKER olHce.—Ed. Note. • • • NICOLAI LENIN. By Helen Petras, Age 10. Who was Lenin? Many chil Federation Secretaries Will Read This Because It Is of Vital Party Interest THE other day a comrade told us that whereas most of the party federations had to support their own federation dallies and week lies, therefore he thought it would be no more than right for the English branches to take over the support of the DAILY WORKER. We answered by informing the comrade that the DAILY WORKER was not the organ of the English speaking membership of the party, that it was the organ of the entire party, that It was THE PARTY ORGAN, the official spokesman of the party and the C. E. C. This means but one thing. That is, that altho every party branch must help support its language dally or weekly, over and above the support so given must also go a consciousness of the VALUE of the DAILY WORKER to the party, the recognition of it as the CENTRAL PARTY ORGAN, and loyal support for it. The table below gives the number of branches in every party fed eration, the number of branches in each federation that have already HELPED TO INSURE THE DAILY WORKER FOR 1925, and the num ber of branches that have not yet sent in EVEN A SINGLE DOLLAR. It Is to the branches that have not yet remitted that we call the attention of the federation secretaries. It becomes the task of every federation secretary to secure an immediate response from the branches that have not been heard from. It is of VITAL party interest that EVERY BRANCH take part in the campaign to safeguard the DAILY WORKER for the coming year. Total Branches Branches Federation Number That That Have of Branches Remitted Not Helped Finnish 172 80 92 South Slavic 92 56 36 Russian 75 47 28 Jewish 69 28 41 Hungarian 43 14 29 Lithuanian 68 20 48 Lettish 8 6 2 Polish 26 19 7 Greek 18 6 12 German 35 9 24 Ukrainian 55 11 % 44 Armenian 20 8 12 Czecho-Slovak 23 9 14 Italian 71 10 61 Bulgarian 8 6 2 Roumanian 7 3 4 Scandinavian 19 9 10 Esthonian 6 3 3 ENGLISH Branches 151 93 68 There will go into the mails today, a letter to every federation secretary giving him the names of the branches that have remitted. Every federation secretary will thereupon send a letter to his branches, requesting those that have not as yet helped to do so at once and re questing the branches that have already remitted to complete their quotas. Beginning tomorrow, we will publish by districts, the names of the branches in each district, the amounts each branch has contributed to the insurance campaign, the names of the branches that have not yet helped to INSURE THE DAILY WORKER FOR 1925. NORTHERN MICHIGAN TO BE SCENE OF AIR WAR GAMES IN FEBRUARY WASHINGTON. Jan. 13— Plans are being prepared for extensive winter maneuvers—the first ever held by the army air service—in northern Michigan in the latter part of February, It was announced today by Brigadier General William Mitchell. All available planes of the air service will be mobilized for the meet which Is to held to acquaint army aviators with first hand knowl edge of conditions encountered in the snow and ice. All supplies for the encampment will be transported by air, airdroms will be selected by scouting planes unacquainted with the topography of the country and supply bases will be established as tho the ships were warring in a strange country. fate < %etoad£yUctf£ijbi ftZS dren ask us this question. Lenin was a revolutionary leader, a Communist, and our Comrade Lenin’s brother was a revolutionary leader also. Len in's brother was killed by the czar’s soldiers, and this was the beginning of Lenin’s awakening. He went to college aud there he taught all his student friends Communism. When he finished college he went to a Karl Marx coliege. In the revolution of 1917, Lenin took an active part. He could not come to many meet ings because he was being hunt ed by the czar’s police who wanted to do the same thing to him that they did to his brother. So, tho he was very active and all his words were law to the comrades, they did not see him very often. Some did not see him at all, but they all Btudied his teachings. The Communists won the revolution aud Lenin became premier of Soviet Russia. On Jan. 21, 1924, Comrade Lenin died and was mourned by all the world. Lenin was a teacher and let ns all remember his teachings and keep his spirit. Forward to a Workers’ and Farmers’ Government thruout the world! AS WE SEE IT By T. J. O’FLAHERTY. (Continued from page 1) the sons of poor men, they would un doubtedly have been hanged. Money is an aid to “justice” and is so tempt ing that even an anarchist who hates the world so much as Clarence Dar row is lured by its wiles. * • • THE French ambassador to Russia tells the Soviet government that the workers’ republic would make quite a hit with small French holders of czarist bonds if It consented to pay those debts. He does not use the language of a dictator. While the French representative was expressing himself in this fashion in Moscow, the Roumanian secretary of the state for Bessarabia was conferring with Kras sin, Soviet ambassador in Paris, over the dispute between Roumania and Russia on the Bessarabian question. • • • DESPITE the iron ring of enemies which capitalism has formed around Russia, the Soviet republic is strong enough to compel even the foremost military nation in Europe to come to terms and to talk the lan guage of peace rather than war. The Balkan anti-Bolshevik federation neck to waste much time on less pressing problems. In America, ers, is too busy trying to save his Charles Evans Hughes, bitter foe of Soviet Russia retires, and Washington now is of the opinion that the United States will follow the lead of the rest of the capitalist world and recognize the workers’ republic. Not such a »ad week for the Soviet government. • * * GENERAL SMEDLEY BUTLER, VJ director of public safety in Phila delphia, and Magistrate E. P. Carney raided the fashionable Rltz-Carlton Hotel in the Quaker City recently. What they discovered caused the judge to demand the revocation of the hotel’s dance license. The magistrate expressed amazement that one so par ticular about law enforcement as Butler should exhibit such caution when confronted with the case of a wealthy Joint like the Rltz-Carlton. The general tried to plant his knuckles on the judge's nose and his honor threatened to make dents in the warrior's countenance. Friends separated the law enforces and their faces were saved for further exhibi tions of hypocrisy. Losses on Laviathan. WASHINGTON, Jan. 13.—Losses In early operation of the steamship Leviathan by the Emergency Ship Corporation was charged today before a house investigating committee by Shipping Board Commissioner E. C. Plummer. There was overstocking of provisions resulting In losses of thou sands of dollars and inefficiency in the steward’s department resulting in great destruction of chlnuware and linen, Plummer said. i THE DAILY WORKER TEXTILE WAGE CUT IS FACING TALK GF STRIKE Force the Longer Day on the Workers (Continued from page 1) the 41,000 textile workers of the city’s mills. Andrew Raeburn, secretary New Bedford Cotton Manufacturers’ Association, announced the cut after the association’s meeting. The announcement of the cut makes New England textile wage reductions practically unanimous. Amoskeag mills in New Hampshire led off with Lawrence, Lowell, Rhode Island, and Fall River mills following. No mark ed increase in the amount of work has been promised in any of the mills, al tho some have resumed five-day week or full-time operation. * * * The T. U. E. L. Issues Statement. CHICAGO, 111., Jan. 13.—The Trade Union Educational League today is sued a statement upon the critical sit uation in the textile unions and the industry. The statement says: “We warn the textile workers against any surrender to the bosses on the wage cut, as experience proves that any such surrender will be fol lowed by another attack on wages or on hours. That the New Hampshire mills are now beginning to increase the work day from 50 to 64 hours should be a lesson to the unions of the American Federation of textile opera tives in Fall River. The wage cut be gan in New Hampshire. Fight or Lose More. The T. U. E. L. and all the militant textile workers of New England will support the weavers’ and spinners’ un ions of Fall River in joint and close action with the United Textile Work ers’ Union in a solid front the wage cuts. The T. U. E. L. and the Communists will rally all their forces as they did for the broad-silk workers in Paterson to aid strikes of the text ile workers. The T. U. E. L. points out to the mistaken workers in the Fall River carders’, yarn finishers' and slashers’ locals of the A. F. T. O. —and to all other textile workers who are think ing that the easiest way is to surren der, that any acceptance of the cut will bring more cuts, and increases of hoqrs. No Division; No Desertionl Moreover, this division of the workers’ unions in the face of an at tack by the unified bosses is desertioi under fire and destructive of the un ions you have. Poor and weak as they are, they will be destroyed, Just as the power of the railroad shop unions was destroyed by one union accepting cuts, breaking unity, then another, and an other, until a capitalist open shop of fensive practically wrecked them. The T. U. E. L. urges the textile workers —Force your little unions to unite on the one issue of fighting the wage cuts. Take the lead, militants! Call on the lagging locals for united effort! Where no unions exist, or where they will not struggle, call the workers into meeting and form shop committees that will take up the fight. For unity, build a solid fight ing front! Rally the unorganized masses to the struggle! Permit no betrayal by officials! Stand by your guns, fight the wage cut! Fight any Increase in hours! Signed—National Commrttee. Trade Union Educational League. Raw Vegetable Fiends Razzed in Baby “Daily” (Continued from page 1) was furnished, this role being played by a young comrade. Loeb Ib Some Magician. Comrade Loeb declared the dead line was reached and he pressed the Imaginary button that sets the big press in the DAILY WORKER plant humming, several young comrades ran thru the hall shouting “Read the Babj DAILY WORKER; ten cents a copy.’ It was a work of art even tho some oi the editorial department came in foi merciless lampooning. It was edited by a well known humorist in the busi ness office who evidently is a meat eater judging from an amusing 'para graph on a local trade union militant who lived exclusively and ostenta tiously on carrots and turnips—raw— for a period, a rather short period we are informed. A good little review of this paper would be incomplete without quoting it entirely. Sufferers Suffered More. Those who hnd not yet recovered from tho party discussion had salt rubbed into their wounds during thr evening by being invegiled Into a dis pute over the respective merits of the majority and minority theses and then 1 getting arrested and fined five cents for eaoh offense. Music was furnished by a Young Workers’ League band. It was snappy and modern. Everybody hud a merrj time and are looking forward to thi next Workers Party entertainment which will be held on Feb. 28. This it the famous Rod revel. 6 Hungry Children and $15,000,000 Cathedral Is New York Contrast By J. LOUIS ENGDAHL. TODAY, New York City offers another one of those many startling contrasts that well to the surface out of the teeming lives of its millions. Downtown, the family of the dead Vincenzo Castiglioni, sits about the coffin of the father, killed in a building ac cident. There is the widow with six children, and another baby coming in February. They had to borrow 25 cents to get something to eat, and they don’t know where the money is coming from to pay the undertaker. Uptown, where the lights shine brighter, the episcopal bishop of New York, William T. Manning, smugly directs the campaign to raise $15,000,000 that will be spent to build an other gorgeous religious structure, the Cathedral of St. John the Divine. * * * * New York's millions of workers, kept going endlessly on the treadmill of capitalist exploitation, will give little heed to this contrast; the tragedy in “Little Italy” and the ambitious schemes of one of religion’s most repulsive harlots. The thing that should startle New York’s workers, how ever, is the fact that organized labor’s officialdom is allied on the side of the aristocratic ecclesiast and not with the dead carpenters’ family. Instead of resenting the conditions that suddenly pauperize a whole family, the official labor regime takes its place with the church, one of the powerful pillars upholding the capitalist social structure. For this they receive the blessing of heaven’s annointed prince on earth. The blessings may fall on the heads of the labor fakers, but no bread comes to the mouths of the starving Castiglionis. It is significant that Manning’s $15,000,000 cathedral, a monument to the black reaction of the nation’s metropolis, is not only endorsed by the Building Trades Council, but also by the Central Trades and Labor Assembly. That makes its unanimous, except for the United Hebrew Trades. Cahan, Sigman and Kaufmann could no doubt be persuaded, without much difficulty, to join hands with the Coughlins, Quinns, and Youngs. Reaction is all of one stripe. sS * * # Just now official labor is making pretenses to opposition against child labor. But the church is one of the most powerful instruments for combatting any move to take chil dren out of the factories, the mills and the mines. The Castiglioni children, because of the tragedy that has overtaken them, will be pushed into the nation’s great indus strial machine, while the episcopal bishop and the labor leaders will look on and praise the beneficent institutions of 100 per cent Americanism. • In life the Castiglioni family, with the wages paid the father, had hardly enough for the meager necessities of life. Then a “green” concrete floor dropped the bread winner eight stories, in one of the city’s latest sky scrapers and buried him under tons of broken stone. Hunger began im mediately knocking at another tenement door on Prince St. # # * * All these things the Castiglioni children will remember as they grow up. They will not be drawn toward Manning's cathedral, or any other church edifice. They will be of the 27,000,000 boys and girls in this country who reject all reli gious mummery. These children, as they grow up, will be come part of that section of the working class that will make war on the labor allies of bishops and other princes of the church reaction. They will develop into militants who will in time turn to the Communist movement, that alone makes war upon the capitalist state breeding the startling contrasts of the $15,000,000 cathedrals and hungry children. Supreme Court to Hear the Appeal of Ruthenberg Saturday (Continued from Page 1.) understand that there is a reason why the leaders of capitalist courts have put the leaders of Communism be hind the bars, in filthy cells for the mere fact that they assembled to gether anil expressed their opinion in favor of the working masses.” “We as miners know that the Com munists are the only group in the country today that are fighting on the side of the rank and file miners and all other workers. We know that if the atrocities against the workers, such as the cold-blooded murdering of the miners in Pennsylvania, continues, there will be a catastrophe in this country that will be remembered by those who are committing murder and putting honest people in prison. We also hold that the blood of our two brothers —Sam Pace and Steve Frely, who were murdered in the hard coal fields —is dripping from the hands of Cappellini and his ‘international’ I masters.” Lettish Comrades Help. The Chicago Lettish branch of the Workers (Communist) Party has sent the following telegram to Comrade Ruthenberg. “The Lettish branch of Chicago greets you as a class war prisoner, and stands by you in this hour of persecution. We wish your speedy return to our ranks and pledge to do everything possible for your de fense. (Signed) F. Zelms, secretary, 4017 Park Ave.” in his message to the legislature last week, Governor Groesbeck told of tiie overcrowded condition of Michi gan’s prisons, and admitted thut they ,aro badly in need of additions and repairs. Youngtown, Ohio, Helps. Five hundred dollars has been con tributed by the Labor Defense and Free Speech Council of Youugstown, Ohio, for the Ruthenberg defense. This organization wus active in rais ing funds for the Workers Party free speech trials at Farrell, PhA Set Oct. 5-9 for Legion Convention At Omaha, Neb. INDIANAPOLIS, Jan. 13.—With the national executive committee of the American Legion in session here it was announced today that Oct. 5 to 9 has been set for holding the seventh national legion convention in Omaha. National Commander Drain today was expected to announce the,appoint ment of committees to handle plans for the Omaha meeting. MOSKVIN IN “POLIKUSHKA” pOLIKUSCNKA Ivan Moskvln of the Moscow Art Theatre as “Pollkushka,” to bs pre sented tomorrow, Thursday, Jan. 15, at Gartner’s Independent Theater, 3728 RO&sevelt Road, near Independence Blvd., from 0:30 to 11 p. m. $ Wednesday, January 14, 1925 WORKERS PARTY CALLS FOR WAR ON WAGE CUTS Urges United Front to Stop Slashes (Continued from page 1) and slogans and shall demand that the executive bodies of the unions put these measures immediately into effect. 5. The industrial department of the party shall prepare such a resolution and transmit same to all connections. 6. Comrade Harrison George la to be commissioned to prepare draft of pamphlets on wage cuts, to be ap» proved by political committee. Organization. 1. In those industries where wage cuts are already announced or seem to be imminent, the district organ izers are instructed to put into effect the/ following program: a. Hold special conference with party members In respective shops and organize our members to carry on propaganda in shops for a united front of all unions in the industry to resist wage cuts . In the process of this work, organize party shop nuclei. b. Wherever possible, our com rades in these shops shall organize shop meetings and have resolutions passed against wage cuts and for amalgamation, shop committees and a policy of class struggle. c. Hold general mass meetings of workers for same purposes. d. Call upon federation district or ganizers to assign language speakers and organizers to work under super vision of district organizers. e. Prepare outline of speeches for our speakers. The main burden of these speeches must be against wage cuts and for amalgamation and the united front. Other issues should be injected, particularly defense of class war prisoners and united front with the Workers Party to fight for the immediate demands of the worker. f. In critical situations send daily reports to the national office on the developments of the Industrial altug tion and the progress of our work. 2. In resisting the attempts of the employers to reduce wages our gen eral policy shall be three sided: (1) To stimulate the masses to meet every wage cut with a militant strike; (2) To secure the leadership of these strike movements, whether they are conducted by the trade unions or the unorganized masses; (3) To keep the Workers Party program closely be fore the discontented masses at all times. Central Executive Committee, Workers Party of America. Wm. Z. Foster, Chairman. Earl R. Browder, Acting Executive Secretary. READ THE DAILY WORKER SUN GETTING OVER ATTACK OF CHILLS, OBSERVERS REPORT WASHINGTON, Jan. 13—Altho over fifteen billion years old, the sun which has been suffering from a severe indisposition for a couple of years, was reported officially as “greatly improved." Latest advice* from the Smith sonian Institute solar observatories in the nitrate deceit of Chile and Arizona, show the sun’s heat, about two per cent under average since 1922, is "getting back to normal."