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COOLIDGE FOR $350,000,000 . PROPERTY GRAD Thinks It All Right to Take German Belongings WASHINGTON, Feb. IB.—For eight traglo years the allied and associated military powers hare sought to crush, Bolshevism and to overthrow the Sov iet government of Russia on the ground that the sanctity of private property was the very foundation of civilisation. Confiscation by the Soviet regime of private foreign investments in Rus sia was a crime that justified, in .the opinion of the governments in Wash ington, London, Paris, Brussels and Rome, any measures which might be devised to punish the offense. War, blockade. Intrigue, withhold ing of recognition—all were tried In turn. In the hope that the world might be made safe for private capital re gardless of national boundaries. Against this background of capital ist ethics there was flashed, on Feb. 10, the authoritative announcement from the White House that President Coolldge does not believe that the $860,000,000 worth of private proper ty of German citizens, seised during the war and now held by the lien property custodian, can be returned to Its owners until some distant date when Germany shall have paid Amer ican private claims amounting to $800,000,000. True, these American private claims are covered by the recent Paris agreement; they are to be paid from the reparations fund, over a long period of years, to the federal treas ury. But the other creditors of Ger many have not restored private Ger man property which they seized, and they object to the United States hold ing to Its pledge to keep sacred the right of private property. They sug gest that American must forget her, Idea of property rights for the indi vidual. and consider the advantage of holding what she has grabbed. Secretary Mellon is known to be backing Coolldge, in refusing to agree to return the seized property until Germany has paid. The supreme court has held that depriving an in dividual of the use or benefit of his property is confiscation. That is the status of this alien property. The ad ministration confiscates It while bldndly announcing that it Is forcing Germany to maintain the sanctity of private property by repaying these citizens. Independent Barbers In New York Rejoin the A. F. of L. International NBW YORK, Feb. 15—Fifteen hun dred new members join the Journey men Barbers’ International Union as the Independent Journeymen Barbers’ Union of Brooklyn and Long Island merges with the A. F. of L. move ment. The new members will belong to a newly chartered local, No. 913. The independent union grew out of the big barbers’ strikes of 1913 and 1916, which broke the back of the day and night working schedules of former years. Last summer another strike was won and agreement signed but the independent union found its treasury spent and applied for admis sion to the A. F. of L. to gain the sup port of the united movement. On the Manhattan side the imme diate issue is the winning of the beauty parlor workers. It is estim ated that there are now about 2,000 of these specialists in feminine charm, few of them members of any organ ization, and nearly all working long hours for low wages that barely give, them strength for their daily task of dolling up the women of the leisure class. The joint board of New York, following the lifting of the ban on women barbers by the last convention of the union, has authorized an organ ization campaign that will take the form of a series of mass meetings to show the beauty parlor workers the advantage of union conditions. The situation that created an Independent beauty parlor workers' union several months ago, has been changed by the convention's decision, said Merltno, and he declared that the international union could give a backing t othe campaign in this field that the prev ious movement did not have. At Albany the barbers’ union is fighting a bill sponsored by the na tional hair dresser's association, a bosses' organization, that would pre vent regular barber shops from doing beauty parlor work. THE STORY OF A PATRIOT ™ IB U Vf| By Upton Sinclair. ■ B|g ft Lv A most interesting story by a H Iff 1 master propagandist, built a WJ round a red-blooded "he-man,” • a hundred-per cent American who turns out to be a spy of big business. A propaganda novel you can hand to your shop-mate to read after you have enjoyed It. Paper, 25 Cents THE DAILY WORKER, Literature Department 1113 W. Washington Blvd., Chicago, 111. HANDS TO THE HAMMER! A DRIVE DEEP THE SPIKE! . , (HAMMER AND SPIKE ON PAGE 6) CHAMBER OF COMMERCE LIKES JOB OUTLOOK FOR CLEVELAND LABOR CLEVELAND, Feb. IS.—ls you are writing publicity for the Cleveland chamber of commerce In this city, you will be distinctly optimistic concern ing the employment outlook. On the other hand, if you are stationed In the offices of the city-state employment bureau, your report will be quite to the contrary. While the chamber was declaring in its monthly review that jobs were Increasing steadily and that there would be "a return to normalcy by sum mer," the city’s employment bureau reported the highest figures of jobless in four years. There were 18,000 applicants for 6.000 jobs. Average hours as reported by employers were 48.9 a week, with averag wage for unskilled labor of 44 cents an hour. Steel and automobiles show a slight increase in the number employed. CLINTON ‘LABOR’ LEADERS DESTROY WORKERS' FAITH Hear Bolsheviks Who Speak Wednesday (Continued from page 1) of the workers and at last labor won control only to have their hopes crushed to earth. Not one of those elected knew anything at all about administering the affairs of a city; only the mayor appeared to have even a semblance of an idea of the duties of office. There was much wrangling and de bate over minor matters while import ant questions, such as franchises, were summarily dealt with and liter ally given away. jjanding out of appointments, the division of the spoils of office, result ed in some who were practically il literate being placed in responsible positions. At least one was placed in a lunatic asylum soon after appoint ment. At the following election the labor candidates were snowed under with the exception of the mayor. His at tempt to run for a third term found even his friends opposed to him hav ing the job permanently. Clinton’s first experiment with a union labor city administration ended in a debauch that made the workers blush for shame and lose faith in la bor candidates. The only thing credited to the labor administration is that they paved more streets, and employed more la bor in times of depression, than any former administration. Manufacturers Wanted Munlolpal Ownership. The question of municipal owner ship of the water works has been twice up before the voters in Clinton. The last time the manufacturers and bankers put up a big campaign but it was defeated 5 to 1. With control of the city adminis tration the factory owners could get their water supply at nominal cost and shift the burden of maintenance onto the city, thereby spreading their large volume of consumption over the entire population. Under private own ership of the water plant they have to pay for what is delivered. The voters seemed to understand this and voted accordingly. Building Crafts Have Loat Heavily. During the past two years there has been almost a steady decline in mem bership of the building crafts in Clin ton. It is estimated that they have lost forty per cent and there are no indications of a revival, rather the re verse. There is no semblance of co-op eration between the building crafts and as far as modern building con struction is concerned, they still act like the guilds of old, every craft do ing its job and attending to its own little affairs as tho the contractor, the profit system, social labor and the class struggle did not exist. There is also a Boot and Shoe Workers’ Uniofi which is bought by the factory owner, on the 100 per cent plan, from the international union. The badge of their serfdom, known by the euphenomius title of the "union label’’ is sold along with the workers just as the serf went along with the land when sold under feudalism. These boot and shoe workers have conditions just a little less irksome than the non-union factory. This is done to pad their collar of serfdom and fool them into the belief that they are the chosen of the masses. “B. and O. Plan" For Northwestern Clinton shop crafts put up a splen did fight during the shopmen’s strike on the railroads. Locally they had very able leaders who succeeded In salvaging something from the wreck. In spite of many sacrifices made by the few courageous spirits, the de sire for overtime has played havoc with rules and schedules until the more ignorant of the masses have be- —■————■ ' " s 1 ■ i ■ i ■■■ n ■■ AS WE SEE IT By T. J. O’FLAHERTY. (Continued from Page 1.) tribute to their health, vegetarians, notwithstanding. But perhaps they should not have eaten bread, fish or potatoes either. The air was good, 1 will admit, but the inhabitants never learned to live exclusively on it. • * * IRELAND is divided into parishes by the catholic church, which is the strongest government in the coun try. The parish in which I was born had a population of three thousand “souls.” Every year, during Easter, the archbishop of the archdiocese sent a pastoral letter to be read at all masses at the beginning of the "holy season of Lent.” This was the time of the year during which the sinners were supposed to do pen ance for their sins. And a more sea soned set of sinners it was hard to find. They were hardboiled, and pas toral letters had no more effect on their consciences than a plea for mer cy has on a professional highwayman. Their sins were few because sinning was rather hazardous and difficult be cause of lack of opportunity. So when the priest read the bishop’s letter suggesting fasting and extra praying, they immediately began thinking of plans to circumvent the spiritual proscription, while at the same time remaining technically with in the law. * * * THE bishop was not accustomed to the native menu, so when his local agent read, "fish and flesh not allow ed at the same meal” a titter went thru the little chapel. "We are darned lucky to get either one or the other” was the comment, in fluent Gaelic, that did not hesitate to invoke the name of satan, the saints or the meek and lowly Nazarene inside the sacred precincts of the church. The priest was their political leader except when he made a false move. Then he was likely to be given the same treatment meted out to the landlords. Just so long as the church played the role of a benevolent Tammany Hall, every thing went smoothly. The peasants did not concern themselves with reli gion as such. The use of Jesus ex cept as a peg to hang an oath on was considered an indication of spiritual debasement. Only protestants talked of Jesus outside of the church. » * * THE people managed to exist on potatoes, bread, fish and tea when ever excessive rain did not destroy the potato crop or inclement weather make it impossible to catch fish. This year the excessive rain fall destroyed the potato crop and the British steam trawlers ruined the fishing industry on the west coast. Meanwhile the Free State government Is preparing to glut the gallows with the broken necks of those who are opposed to its exactions. And it is a catholic gov ernment! come apathetic or cynical towards the union and the efforts of the local leaders to protect conditions won at great sacrifice. At the present time there is strong talk of putting the infamous B. & O. plan into effect on the Northwestern railroad. Those who are in a posi tion to know, predict that it will be adopted within a short time. The shop crafts at Clinton are still fairly well organized numerically but the old spirit has apparently died. Muddlers and Mlddlers. In all the small towns thruout lowa, little sects from time to time qssume importance. Here in Clinton we have the bible students who have grown from a baker's dozen to a few hun dred during the past few years. This hodge-podge of a little history and science liberally diluted with the su perstition of religion, has apparent ly appealed to the workers in their search for something to fill their emp ty lives. The kluxers were also strong in Clinton,.but now the novelty has worn off and they are no longer a factor. Then there is another sect of bible students who teach from Karl Marx known as the S. L. P. There are about a dozen of them, but their side show simply amuses the workers. Into this confusion the Workers Party sends the messuge of the world’s proletariat when J. E. Sny der, district organizer, and Comrade David Coutts speak on the vitul prob lems before the workers today. The meeting will be held at Labor Temple, 613 Second street, Clinton, lowa, on Wednesday, Feb. 18. The DAILY WORKER will be sold for the first time In Clinton and an effort made to organize a local unit of the party. THE DAILY WORKER ABRAMOVITCH IS FLAYED AT BIG BOSTON MEETING Role of International Spy Exposed By LYDIA GIBSON. (Special to The Daily Worker) BOSTON, Feb. 15.---Seven hundred workers met at Lorimer Hall in Bos ton, on February 11, under the auspic es of the Workers (gojnmunist) Par ty, to hear Robert and Mois saye J. Olgin tell the tr,uth about Ra fael Abramovitch, counter-revolu tionary “socialist” recently imported from abroad for an. ’anti-Bolshevik propaganda tour. 4 Simultaneously Abramovitch was speaking further do\ta the street to an audience which ka mrade Minor characterized in his ( speech as con sisting of "fifty polic&mfen, some czar ,st refugees, the wif£ of a wage-cut ting mill owner, and 1 one baby who had gone to sleep.” 1 ' When John J. Bali a hi. district or ganizer of district i, tis chairman, opened the meeting and introduced the first speaker, thebe l was wild ap plause, which was repeated • many times thruout one of the most en thusiastic meetings ever held In Bos ton. ~ i Shows Capitalist Development. Minor pointed out the replacement of the old "simple” form or capitalism by modern finance capitalist imperial ism, and with it the driving or the class war into the international arena. The class struggle was now consciously on a world scale. He showed that Abramovitch and the yellow socialists are scabs on the greatest strike in history, the Russian revolution which, as the beginning of the world revolution, has been un sucessfullv attacked by the imperial ist armies of the world. Quests of U. S. A. Minor pointed out that the United States government which welcomes grand dukes and duchesses, ex-baron esses and princes, arid which perse cutes revolutionists, also “laid down the doormat” and welcomed “Com rade” Abramovitch; "comrade of Abe Cahan, comrade of Hfllquit, comrade of Ebert and Noske, cdmrade of Berg er.” “And now I may srit-prise you by saying that Abramovitch is also a po litical comrade of Mr. Alexander Berkman and of Miss Emma Gold man. and a comrade of the late Mr. Gompers,” said Minor,* “For in a historical sense, in every thing but a sense, ail of these antt-Bolsheviks are blood-broth ers in the Second International.” With powerful ironjt, Minor built up his denunciation of the whole in ternational gang of social democrats, who are forces of couhter revolution in the imperialist phase of capitalism. He quoted Lenin: "The Second Inter ntaional is dead. But,” he said, “in nature there is no destruction of mat ter. The Second International is dead as one form, but full of life of another form. It is a huge corpse alive with loathesome worms. One of these worms is named Abramovitch!” So scathing was his satirq.,that it pro voked a great burst qt laughter and applause. r» Why Abramovitch? Minor said Abramovitch had been chosen for his counter-revolutionary mission because he was a Jew, and the imperialist governments knew and dreaded the heroic role of the Jewish workers in the working class revolutionary movement. They want ed to confuse the Jewish workers and make them indifferent to the new drive against Soviet Russia for which grand duchesses, baronesses, and a whole crew of refugees have been seeking help in America. After ex plaining the class nature of parties, and, the function of the great working class Communist PartJl, Comrade Mi nor closed with a challenge for a Sov iet republic of America, Olgin Arouses Enthusiasm. Comrade Moissaye J-,. Olgin arrived during Minor’s speech, and was warm ly welcomed with applause. Olgin spoke first in Yiddish, and then in Russian, languages whjch the writer unfortunately does not understand. He spoke with much, fire, and his great gift for satire delighted the au dience, and brought Aiim much ap plause. He pointed that Abram ovitch and company arq doing the dir tiest work for the very forces that used to oppress them,,) Comrade Olgin followed by Comrade Alice Biels pf the Young Workers’ League, whp gave a brief report of tho Abramoyitch meeting, from which she had Just come. Abram ovitch’s speech appeared to have been mude up of tho usual contused and lying polemics, Invented express ly to confuse and disunite the work ers. May they turn a deaf ear to him! Fight on Radio Pirates LONDON, Feb. 15.- -Radio “pirates” who have dodged payment of the gov ernment license fee for listening in will be hQrd hit If the bill proposed by the Baldwin government is enacted. It would give the police power to search homes for those who are “steal ing” entertainment and would provide a year’s Imprisonment or SSOO fine. FIGHT OR SURRENDER? "Fellow workers! Comrades! Men and women and youth! Shall we sur render, like sheep to the butcher? Shall we permit the capitalists, the In satiable multi-millionaires, further to rob and exploit us? To steal the bread from our tables, the clothes from our back and to imprison our trusted and fearless leaders? * "Never! We have power in our numbers Let us unite then! Let us give blow for blow! Let us strike! And strike! And strike again! Let us strike against the men of millions with the united power of millions of men! “Beware of those who talk defeatl *Who wish you to surrender without a fight! Trust no.leader who divides the ranks, who takes only one craft from a shop (or one shop from an industry) and leads one after another to defeat! Follow those only whose actions and slogans mean UNITY and STRUGGLE. "Do not think yourselves helpless! Trust your own strength! Rally your forces! In your shop, perhaps beside you, are other workers as willing and as ready as yourself to fight the bosses. To resist the wage cutsl Take the lead, then. Lead the struggle! “Resist the wage cuts. In the shop, at the factory gates, on the street or in mass meetings, call out to your fellows workers for unity and struggle. “Organize yourselves. Don’t wait for others, or somebody else from some where else. Organize yourselves. Meet together in your workroom, at the mill gates, anywhere, and from each craft or department elect your mosti militant fellow worker to a shop committee." The above is from the leaflet, “Strike Against Wage Cuts.’’ So far only a few branches of the party have realized the importance of this leaflet and have failed to place orders. In the next issue of the DAILY WORKER will be published the names of secretaries having sent in their orders. See whether your branch is in the list. Particular attention is solicited from branches, C. C. C.’s and D. O.’s in the eastern section of the country, where the situation is more acute. The workers must be told the truth about the matter. They want .you to tell them. Send all order to the National Office, Workers Party, 1113 W. Washington Blvd., Chicago, 111. Price, $3.00 per 1,000. Take Names of Three Communists Off Aldermanic List (Continued from page 1) nance as a gigantic steal, and call ing on the workers of Chicago to sup port the Communist aldermanic can didates, who have the only true So lution to the traction problem. “The Communist candidates for the coming aldermanic elections who are endorsed by the Workers Party, pro pose confiscation of the whole trac tion system with direct workers’ man agement,” Swabeck declared. “The control of the operation to be in the hands of the workers, of hand and brain, to be exercised by control com mittees elected thru the city trans portation unions. Such control would easily make possible a reduction in fares and better service. It would be operation for service, not profit.” Sell Out to Bankers. Swabeck then analyzed the Dever ordinance, showing that it is in real ity a plan to turn the traction lines over to the bankers for a long period of years, the city paying the expenses. Swabeck’s statement continues: “The traction plan recommended to the city council by the committee on local transportation is but another scheme to extend the present fran chise held by the city bankers and refinance the present companies also made up of the bankers. In addition the bankers will have complete con trol of the management. Not Public Ownership. “It has nothing to do with public ownership. The whole difference from the present system is that the hills become shifted directly to the masses while the bankers continue to clip the coupons. Ultimately the workers will bear the burden in increased car fares and low wages on the traction system to provide the dividends on the bondft. “The city traction fund of approxi mately $40,000,000 which is now de posited in various Chicago banks at 2 per cent interest, will supposedly be invested to help provide dividends for the present and future bondholders. The bankers holding these deposits have formerly, moved by their great philanthropic urge, offered to again loan the amount to the city, but at a rate of interest of six per cent per annum.” Mayor Dever is trying to force a favorable vote on his ordinance in the city council on Feb. 26, when it will be before the council. Oppon ents of the measure are endeavoring to secure a postponement of the vote: Little Entente to Take Up Question of Attitude to Soviets BELGRADE, Feb. 15.—The attitude of the little entente toward Soviet Russia will be determined at a con ference here March 25, It was an nounced today. Oppose Religion In Schools. NEW YORK, Feb. 15.—A meeting was held here to oppose the decision of the board of education to Inau gurate religious instruction in the public schools. German parents, rep resenting labor unions, uthletic so cieties and language organizations met at the Labor Temple at 243 East 84th street. The meeting decided to ask the board of education for a hearing. Among those present were Ludwig Lore, Henry Ortlandt, Augus ta Hubscher, Erich Sanger alid I. Ko nig. Next Sunday Night and Every Sun day Night, the Open Forum. Larger Attendance Is Being Sought at Ohio Workers’ School CLEVELAND, Ohio Feb. 15—The course of eleven Workers’School lec-, tures being given in five district 6 cities is now about one half complet ed. The six lectures still to be given are: (1) Historical Role of the Re volutionary Working Class Party; (2) The Party in the Political Struggle; (3) The Party in the Trade Unions; (4) Stretegy and Tactics of the Party^ (5) The First and Second Internation als and the World War; (6) The Rus sian Revolution and the Communist International. As will be seen, these remaining six lectures are of first importance and should excite the interest of every party member. To gain a thoro un derstanding of the role of the party today and in the revolution is the duty of every comrade. Local secretaries should make an especial attempt to increase the attendance at the bal ance of the course. Lectures for the coming week follow: Cleveland, Wednesday, Feb. 18, Headquarters, 5928 Euclid Ave., “The Party in the Political Struggles.” Toledo, Thursday, Feb. 19, Head quarters, 131 Michigan, same subject. Akron, Saturday, Feb. 21, Liberty Hall, 601 South Main St., “The Party in the Trade Unions.” Dillonvale, Sunday, Feb. 22, after noon, Co-operative Hall, “The Party in thfe Political Struggles.” Canton, Sunday, Feb. 22, evening, Polish Hall, 1748 11 St., N. E. "His torical Role of the Revolutionary Working Class Party.” Cal Coolidge Puts Strikebreakers in His Secret Circle (Continued from page 1) being beld up by the senate, is an other prize foe of the workers picked out by Coolidge. Warren was president of the Michi gan Sugar company until January 24, 1925, after Coolidge had picked him as attorney general. This company, while Warren was president, was found guilty of “participation in an unlawful conspiracy restrain trade and com merce” and was "perpetually enjoined from further conspiracy" by the United States circuit court in its deci sion of May 9, 1922. Warren acted as head of the Michi gan Sugar company, and other big sugar companies, as an agent for the Havemeyer interests, and the Amer ican Sugar Refining company. The sugar trust has long been known as. one of the worst exploiter of child labor, making thousands of children slave on the weatern sugar beet fields. It is said that Coolidge sent Stone to the supreme court to end the recent “trust-busting” activity of Stone, and to enable him to bring Warren, a "aafe” inan for the large monopolies, into the cabinet. Red Revel Masquerade Ball, 37 South Aahland Avenue Corner of Monroe and Aahland Blvd., February 28. I Valet The Safety Razor that AlltoStrop Sharpens Its Own Blades Razor COMPLETE OUTFITS SI.OO A $6.00 | ~ Sharpen* It ft If r<* Sal* »t ANSter** Sailing Rtun and BLdes I RED REVEL BALL ONE OF BIGGEST PARTYAFFAIRS Costumes, Dancing and Eats Scheduled The enlarged committee for the Red Revel Masquerade Ball, which will he held on Saturday evening, February 28, in Women’* West End Club Hall, under the auspices of Local Chicago of the Workers Party, met last Wed nesday evening and made final ap rangements for the affair which pro mlses to be one of the most success, ful ever held by the party in this city. Every language group in Chicago Is co-operating. Hundreds of people will be In costume. Prizes will be award ed to the best groups and individual costumes. An excellent dance orchestra has been secured and the dancing will last until one o’clock in the morning. The Women’s West End Club hall is located at 37 South Ashland Boule vard on the corne# of Monroe and Ashland Boulevard. Admission is 50 cents. Should Sell Tickets Posters and other advertising mat ter is printed and can be secured at the local office of the Workers Party, 166 West Washington Street. Members of the party and friends are urged to call for some posters afid see that they are properly displayed. Every effort should be made to sell as many tickets as possible in ad vance. This is the best kind of ad vertising. —t Plenty To Eat Besides music and other entertain ment there will be plenty of good things to eat and drink. The commit tee in charge of this part of the affair has plenty of experience and we can guarantee that your palates will he tickled for a reasonable price. Mark “Red Revel” down in your note book for February 28 and do not forget it. Dan Ivasovich Is Expelled from the Workers Party $ Since January, 1922, Dan Ivasovich of Colinsville, 111., has been a mem ber of the Workers Party. For some time, however, he has been making the mistake of submitting contribu tions to the South Slavic paper, the Novy Svijet, a paper which is being published by a group in opposition to the Workers Party and which attacks the South Slavic Federation of the Workers Party and thereby attacks the party itself, its policies and its program. The district committee called the attention of Comrade Ivasovich to this mistake informing him that the party had definitely decided that no members could be permitted to give any support whatever to the paper, Novy Svijet, or to the group which publishes this paper. Comrade Dan Ivasovich was asked to discontinue this support and to ac cept »and faithfully carry out party decisions and party policies. How ever, Comrade Ivasovich replied that he did not agree with the presenta tion made by the D. E. C. and that he would continue his support of Novy Svijet because it corresponded with his views, the D. E. C. therefore decided that DRn Ivasovich stands ex pelled from the Workers Party. Arne Swabeck, district organizer, No. 8. NOTICE! Comrades and Branches holding Lenin Memorial meeting tickets, please settle for them kt once at the local office. We want to close the ac counts. Come any day or evening to Room 303, 166 W. Washington St. and settle for theHlckets. Red Revel Masquerade Ball, 37 South Ashland Avenue A super-refined castor oil made for medicinal uie. Not flavored. Strength and purity unchanged. Tasteless and odorlesa. Insist on Kellogg's, bottled and labclltd at the Laboratories. At all druggists.