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BRITISH LEFT WINDERS FIDHT FRANK HODGES Black Friday Betrayer Put on Gridiron LONDON, Feb. 18.—Frank Hodges, civil lord of the admiralty In the Mao- Donald government and former secre tary of the Miners’ Federation of Great Britain was recently nominated at a secret session of that organiza tion for the post of international sec retary of the International Miners’ Federation. The British T. U. E. L. The British minority movement, which corresponds to the Trade Un ion Educational League In the United States is circularizing the miners of Great Britain calling attention to the reactionary character of this notori ous lackey of the employers. The miners are urged to raise the question of Hodge’s appointment at a national miners’ conference to be held on February 27. The secretary of the National Miners’ Minority Movement is Nat Watkins. The fol lowing circular is being distributed among the members of the miners’ un ion: Fellow toilers in the mines of Brit ain! According to a report in the Daily Herald, January 26, Mr. Frank Hodges was elected by a secret vote of members of the executive commit tee of the Miners Federation of Great Britain as the British nominee for the secretaryship of the International Minors’ Federation. This vote was ac tually a minority vote, Hodges having only nine or ten votes out of a pos sible 24 or 25, several members of the executive being absent when the vote was taken. Will the Miners Stand for this Bu reaucracy? So far as our knowledge of the af fairs of t-he executive committee goes this is the first occasion such a ques tionable method has been adopted in the appointment of any official to an important position, much less to the increasingly important position of In ternational secretary. We therefore ask you to challenge their right to put this decision into operation, and utilize every legitimate means at your disposal to prevent this from materi alizing, until the question has been raised and discussed at a national con ference and the British nominee elect ed by ballot vote. Britain’s Quota Towards Upkeep of Miners’ International Will the British miners silently ac quiesce in the payment of £2,500 an nually in creating a position for the man of black Friday fame? The man who made possible the noxious agree ment, following the sad and terrible weeks of 1921; the "political career ist” who preferred the ministerial po sition of civil lord of the admiralty to the secretaryship of the Miners' Federation of Great Britain; the as sociate of royalty and their hangers on, whose trip in an aeroplane to Vienna in 1924 cost the British Min ers’ Federation £35 or £4O when he was in receipt of his ministerial sal ary, whilst hundreds of thousands of the miners were struggling to pay their contributions to their respective unions out of 40|- per week. Let every intelligent miner in the British coal field raise this matter at bis next branch meeting and de mand that a resolution be sent to his respective union, urging them to press for the matter to be taken up at the national conference on Febru ary 27 with a view to securing a bal lot for the position. * Remember that the position of in ternational secretary Is the most im portant position in the miners’ move ment and you have the right to elect the nominee for Britain. Building Before Students NEW HAVEN, Conn., Feb. 18.— . Funds for assisting poor students thru college instead of donations for more expensive buildings is the advice of Robert M. Hutchins, secretary of Yale University, to prospective benefactors of the college. “Yale costs an under graduate about twice as much now as in 1916," he claims. If help is not given the men who must earn their way thru college wholly or in part the school will become a college of rich men’s sons exclusively, he warns. V PHILADELPHIA, NOTICE! FIRST ANNUAL Daily Worker Ball The only Revolutionary Working Class Daily Paper in America Friday Evening, Feb. 27th At NEW TRAYMORE HALL Franklin St. and Columbia Ave. DANCING TO 1 A. M. TICKETS 35 CENTS Arranged by tha Worker* Party and Young Worker* League, Looal Philadelphia * —i COMMUNIST CHARGES THAT McVEY, “PROGRESSIVE” OPPONENT HAS NO PROGRAM TO AID WORKING CLASS (Contlnned from Pago 1.) "Machinist by trade—borne In Riga, Latvia, 1882, supported by Commun ists." Alderman Maypole, however, Dozenberg’s opponent for re-election, was declared by the leagne to have a very bad record. On the matter of the traction Issue Brooker explains that the Workers (Communist) Party stands for: “(1) Public ownership of public utilities. "If elected, I will work for the Im mediate removal of all public utilities from ownership of private capitalists and confiscation of franchises, direct public management with workers’ con trol, service for use, not profit “As a Communist, I stand for a uni fied surface, "L” and subway, muni cipally owned, with operation thru special workers’ committees and ex isting transportation unions of em-f ployes, reduction of fares, and better service. The Dever plan is only a scheme which aims to deliver into the hands of capitalist politicians and' bankers of this city the franchises o i the surface lines, ‘L’ structures and prospective subways. "In McVey’s platform he speaks about taxes and profit, neither of which concerns the workers, for the problem of the workers is the prob lem of the job and political power by the workers. As a self-styled pro gressive, McVey does not even stand for municipal ownership.” Brooker then stated his program, extrats from which are given below: “I am entering the aldermanic con test for February 24, in the 34th Ward with a set of principles and a plat form, and not, ais every other candidate running for alderman in this ward on a platform of phrases and hot air. As a candidate endorsed by the Workers (Communist) Party, I stand for a pro gram which will rally the working men and women in Chicago for the struggle against capitalism on the basis of the Immediate interests of the workers. “I am partisan for and in favor of the working class only, the producers of all wealth. I am not interested in the welfare of business, big or small, Don’t Consult Teachers About Buildings (Continued from page 1) But neither did Margaret Haley of the Teachers’ Federation have any opinion on this matter. Altho she agreed that the teachers should be consulted, she did not think it worth while fighting for as they were “sure not to win anyway.” A few quotations from a report of he New York Teachers’ Union in vestigation of the Julia Richman High School of New York, a new high school building recently erected there, will throw a light on the im portance of consulting teachers on the matter of school buildings: The report says In part: “Two biology rooms visited faced north and west, thus making it im possible to grow anything or to carry out experiments requiring sunlight. The Second Ave. elevated as it went rumbling by created a terrific din — this in the main building, not the buf fer building. The biology instructor said that she was utterly discouraged. First, the noise of the trains makes it hard for her to teach, hard for the pupils to concentrate. Second, the location of the room makes it im possible to conduct experiments. Third, the 40 odd unique chairs and desks make the constant scraping of chairs and spilling of ink a source of great irritation. These contrap tions are movable chairs to which he desks are attached at one side; caving the other side open for en rance. In the drawing rooms, the sun streaming thru the windows throws bars of light and shade on the children’s papers, a source of great irritation. No provision has been made for platforms for models. “And now we come to one of the most serious problems being faced in the Julia Richman High School— the traffic problem within the school Itself. “There are three bridge* leading from the buffer building to the main building. The bridges run into nar row passageways just about wide I of the bankers, landlords and privil eged interests of the city. On every vital issue before the workers I take the stand of the Workers (Commun ist) Party. "As a worker and Communist, I stand for Immediate Improvement of working conditions: “(1). Not less than union wages for workers, eight-hour day, five-day week, proper factory sanitation. "(2). Equal pay for equal work for all workers, regardless of race, age or sex. "(3). Maternity period for working women with full pay. Maximum six hour day. Against Child Labor. "The use of any child labor under capitalism is a crime against the work : ing class. I stand for the abolition of all child labor, up to the age of 18, with full maintenance at municipal expense, money to be obtained thru taxing corporation profits and high in dividual incomes. “Six-hour day, five-day week, one month’s vacation with pay for all workers under 21 years of age. "Children to be maintained by the city thru the year with text books, food, clothing, etc. Equality of Races. "In a city like Chicago the problem of raoe discrimination is of the most vital importance. As a Communist I stand for unqualified social, economic and political equality for all workers, irrespective of color, race or creed. “As a Communist appealing to you workers for support, I declare that there can be no real solution to any of the problems of the workers until capitalism is destroyed, and the work ers in Chicago and America have set up their own political government, a Soviet municipality, state, or United States Soviet. "My final appeal to you is: together, as workers, under the leadership of the Workers (Communist) Party, unite in the struggle against capital ism! "Harry Brooker, Candidate 84th Ward. “Endorsed by the Workers (Com munist) Party—Local Chicago." enough for one group to pass in single file. Yet it is necessary for pupils to pass both ways. Hence two lines must pass each other. If one girl steps out of line (and it happened while we watched) the entire line is held up and the hallway becomes con gested. “The visitors wish to report the following conversations with teach ers on the physical and psychological effect of the building on them. Miss A. told the visitors that since Sep tember, due to the nervous and phy sical strain of much travel within the building and constant noise, she had lost ten pounds, (she could ill afford to lose It). She stated that al tho she Is a normal, healthy being, she resents the fact that by Friday night she is so worn out that she has to spend most of her week-end in bed in order to recuperate sufficiently for Monday morning. Miss B. said that she never feels rested. She be lieves she is becoming a nervous wreck. By the time the eighth per iod comes around she is too tired to accomplish anything. She spoke of another teacher who told her that In her eighth period she is no longer a thinking being. She feels that if she can assign her homework lesson, that is all she can do intelligently. Miss C. said that the vastness of the build ing, the noise, the rush, the tear had a very definite effect on her pupils who are doing inferior work. Miss D. reported that she has figured that she spends one hour out of every six in traveling thru the building. Miss E. said that in five years’ time she will have aged so much and will be so tired nervously that the board of education cannot possibly compensate her sufficiently for her general loss of vitality.” Business Agents of Local 39 A. C. W. Try To Disrupt Meeting When the chairman of last Tues day night’s meeting of Local 89 of the ' Amalgamated Clothing Workers of America ruled that charges against one of the members of the local must be made In writing in order to be legal, business agents tried to break up the meeting and failing to do this called on those present to leave the hall. , When the reactionary business agents and their henchmen left the hall, a committee was selected with Instructions to draw up charges against the disruptlonists. When you buy, get an “Ad” COMMUNIST DEPUTY IS MURDERED BY THE FASCISTI IN BULGARIA PARIB, Feb. 18.—The Communlet deputy Todor Straehlmlroff waa as aaaalnated last night In one of the principal atreeta of Bofla, Bulgaria. Todor la a brother of the famoua dramatist. j On the faeoletl aide the loasea were two, one the ohlef of polloe of Phlllo poll* and a companion. THE DAILY WORKER OFFICIAL REPORT OF NOMINATIONS BY MACHINISTS Opposition Expected to Beat Johnston WASHINGTON, Dl C, Feb. 18/ Secretary Davison’s official summary of nomination totals for all candi dates for international office, as re ported to him by all lodges of the International Association of Machin ists in preparation for the election in April, is in general harmony with the preliminary report published by the DAILY WORKER. It ehows that 406 lodges named tor tb» presidency Wil liam H. Johnston; 183 named John F. Anderson and 18 named J. F. Emme. For secretary-treasurer, E. C. Dav ison received 482 nominations, Geo. Stilgenbauer 188, and Tim Buck 14. For editor of the Journal, Fred Hew itt had 429, Dave Williams 168, and A. Overgaard 11. For Vloe Presidents For the tlx vice presidents to be filled in the United States, the candi dates stand, in order of strength: P. J. Conlon 447, H. F. Nickerson 414, J. T. Thorpe 409, R. Fechner 884, H. W. Brown 878, F. Laudeman 349, Wm. Hannon 191, J. A. Taylor 180, M. J. McMahon 179, A. T. McNamara 169, W. R. Knudsen 147, C. T. Nicholson 139, H. J. Carr 66, F. Nolan 30, F. Jennings 24, P. J. Jensen 20, Mc llvaigh 17, J. Otis 18, Garner 12, A. Goetz 11, Slavens 11. For Canadian vice-president, J. So merville has 253, J. McClelland 184, and McGovern 159. For the law committee the five ad ministration candidates have from 400 to 424 votes, their opponents having: Hoch 174, Huttell 155, Valvano 140, Strieker 188, Kerrigan 160, Rankin 41, Hatch 22 and Carrlgan 10. For delegates to the A. F. of L., the score stands: Haggerty 445, Larkin 425, Wills 420, Marshall 417, Fry 233, Dalton 197, Mitchell 167, McGillvray 111, Tucker 83 and Henning 26. State Cossack Bill Hangs Fire In Legislature SPRINGFIELD. 111., Feb. 18.—Intro duction of the state police bill, which was scheduled for this week, may not take place before next,week, Senator Henry Dunlap of Savo> declared, be cause members of the house have asked that the bill be introduced si multaneously in the house and sen ate. The women’i eight-hour bill was introduced In the senate today by Senator W. S. Jewell of Lewiston. Representative Oneil Brown, of Ot tawa, charged in the assembly de bate on Devine’s report that "an at tempt Is being made to give George Brennan, of Chicago, and a Chicago newspaper, control of the state." Merge Bus Lines. The Illinois commerce commission today announced authority for the merger of the Peoria White Star bus company and the Peoria and Farm ington Coach line company, the new consolidation to be known as the White Star Motor Coach Line of Illi nois, the corporation was granted au thority to issue and sell $28,000 aggre gate par amount of its capital stock. The passenger and express service of the two concerns was to be continued. Congresswoman to Vote with Coolidge SAN FRANCISCO, Cal., Feb. 18.— Having defeated three men and her nearest opponent by nearly 20,000 votes, Mrs. Florence Kahn will on March 4, take the seat in congress occupied by her late husband, Julius Kahn, for many years. "It will be my aim to carry on the policies and ideals of my husband,” Mrs. Kahn said today. She Is ex pected to vote with the Coolidge ad ministration. BOOTLEG PRISONER WED’ DEPUTY $5,000 FOR ICE BUSINESS ATLANTA, Qa~ Feb. 18/—An other “loan” to an official of the United States penitentiary here was placed In the record today at the trial of Albert E. Sartaln, formerly Warden and L. J. Fletcher, hit chief deputy on chargea of oonsplracy to solicit and aooept bribes. Mannle Keeeler, New York boot logger, eervlng a aentence at the prison, testified he had “loaned” L. J. Fletcher 16,000 with whloh to further plane to enter the loe buel neea In Miami, Fla. ■ , " «*■ 1 - ' Moscow and Chicago- City of Communist Dawn, City of Capitalist Decay By J. LOUIS ENGDAHL TODAY, It Is definitely stated that within a short time the * population of Red Moscow, capital oity of Soviet Russia, ana at present the home city of the Communist International, will reach the two million mark. On July 15, 1924, the population of Moscow numbered 1,772,000 inhabitants. Its rapid growth will soon place it on a par, so far as population is concerned, with Berlin, Paris and Chicago. * * • • Thus another fable of the counter-revolutionary propa gandists is shattered. They have been trying to tell the world, these past years, that Bolshevism had destroyed Rus sia’s great cities. It is true that in the early years of the revolution, many workers returned to the land, due to the temporary collapse of industry. But they quickly returned with the revival of industry, following the liquidation of civil war, counter-revolution and intervention. These facts were never pointed out by the anti-Soviet iets. They always pictured the populations of the cities, especially of Moscow as decimated by plagues and famine. Utter nonsense. • • • • The influx of new inhabitants Into Moscow from the provinces has now practically ceased. The increase in population now is almost exclusively due to the birth rate' being higher than the death rate. LET THE WORLD KNOW THAT, AT THE PRESENT TIME, THE DEATH RATE IN MOSCOW IS LOWER THAN THAT OF LONDON, PARIS, BUDAPEST AND WARSAW. THE FALL OF THE DEATH RATE HAS BEEN PAR TICULARLY SHARP AS REGARDS MORTALITY AMONG CHILDREN. IT IS SHOWN THAT BEFORE THE WAR INFANT MORTALITY STOOD AT 268-280 PER THOU SAND, BUT IN THE PAST TWO YEARS IT HAS BEEN 160-180 PER THOUSAND. IN THE PROVINCE OF MOSCOW, WITH ITS 2,250,- 000 POPULATION, THE DEATH RATE HAS ALSO DE CLINED. IN 1914, THE YEAR THE WAR STARTED, OUT OF EVERY 10,000 THERE DIED 301 PERSONS. IN 1923 THIS HAD FALLEN TO 172, ALMOST ONE-HALF UNDER SOVIET RULE OF WHAT IT HAD BEEN UNDER CZAR ISM. * * • • But this is only the beginning. Soviet Russia has only begun to fight disease. Soviet Rule has only been able, very recently, to begin grappling with the problems of its great municipalities. But progress will be more rapid henceforth. * * V * Contrast Moscow with Chicago. Moscow is doing everything it can to solve the housing problem for its workers. Chicago perpetuates its slums. Chicago looks first to the gilded palaces of its “Cold Coast.” Its least care is the housing of the poor. Moscow has taken the palaces of the once rich and is using them for the bene fit of the many; usually for the children. Chicago sees great mansions built for the parasite few and then permits them to be boarded up most of the year while the owners are away in Florida, California, or at the fashionable watering places of Europe. In the meantime Chicago’s workers continue to huddle in their shacks and tenements. Moscow is solving its transportation problem. It plans its transit system to benefit its population. Chicago’s street and elevated railways and its bus lines operate for the bene fit of the bank accounts of the transportation profiteers. Moscow is being rebuilt. The scars of czarism wilt dis appear. A city beautiful will arise. It will develop into an ideal municipality under Communism. Chicago will continue to grow with the one object in view of making money for its capitalist overlords. It will always be the blotch that it is on the shores of Lake Michi gan until profit rule is wiped out by Workers’ Rule. * • • • These are some of the things for the workers of Chicago to think about as they study the issues in the present municipal political struggle. Only support of the Workers (Communist) Party and its candidates in this campaign will aid in hastening the day when workers will dominate and rebuild in their interests the city of Chicago, as labor is now doing in Red Moscow. MQB HANGS TWO NEGROES FOR FIGHTING BOSS GREENWOOD. Mias., Feb. 18.— Cager, in Holmes county, near here, was reported quiet today following a wild scene of disorder last night when Hal Winters and his brother, Negroes, were taken from authorities and hanged by a mob which charged them with murder and attempted murder. The negroes were taken from coun ty officers after they had been crp tured in a awarap to which they had fled after Hal Winters was said to have shot and killed Wlseloy P. Mar tin, 65. a plantation manager. Washington Senators Urge Humphreys As U. S. Attorney General WASHINGTON, D. C., Feb. 18.— Democratic Senators Dill of Washing ton and Mayfield were active in be half of William F. Humphrey, ship ping lobbyist and lumber trust lawyer, when Humphrey’s nomination to the federal trade commission which if ratified means the control of that body by the trusts—wa* favorably re ported from the senate committee on interstate commerce, on Feb. 16. Nomination of Thomas Woodlock, former editor of the Wall Street Jour nal, was held up by agreement until next congress, because the democrat* Insist that a southwestern man be next selected to that commission. Len Forces Capture Tam-Sul SHANGHAI, Feb. 18.—Forces form erly led by Sun Yat Sen have captur ed Tam-Sul, the headquarters of Chen Chui Ming, It was learned today. Subscribe for the DAILY WORKER. BUNCO PARTY ► i \ for the benefit of ; i COMRADE ANDREW GRAHAM ► < | Member of Workers Party who has been crippled for life ’ ► < > Sunday Afternoon, February 22, 3 o’clock 1 at STISKA'S HALL, 4021 Drake Ave. I ► < ► < l TICKETB 35© Auspices, Committee of Friends of Graham ; ► 4 ► * NEW YORK CITY, NOTICE! GYMNASTIC EXHIBITION AND DANCE will be held Saturday, Feb. 21, 1925, starting 8 p. m. at LABOR TEMPLE, 15 W. 126th St., near sth Ave. EXCELLENT BUFFET IN BUILDING Tlckete, 40 Cente In Advance At the Door, 60 Centa Auspices, Workers’ Sport Alliance COMMUNISTS WIN FIRST PLACE AT SOCIALIST BALL “She Ain’t What She Used to Be” ____________ % MILWAUKEE, Wis., Feb. 18.- “She ain’t what she used to be.” Sue! was the general opinion of observer* at the eighteenth annual "socialist masked ball.” This la an institution in Milwaukee, which brings back fond memories of bye-gone days when tba Milwaukee workers mistakenly thought that Victor Berger and Dan Hoan were raging revolutionists. Brrrrr.... Eats ’em alive revolutionists. But, as stated, “She ain’t what sht used to be." Though the old sooiallal “leaders" were there (except Viotor, who is enjoying a trip to Panama ai government expense) and tried to make things look natural. The crowd waa there, too, pretty girls and fine boys and all that But, nevertheless, "She ain’t what she used to be." This was evident to all and embar assing to the yellow socialists who, when the time came for the “grant parade portraying historical, polities! and economic features." The grand march brot tears to the eyes of the remnants of the remains of the so cialist party. For there, In the forefront—ln feet spread all over the grand march—se nothing much else was to be seen, were Communist banners boms b j most of the marchers. “Long Live Soviet Russia” read a placard carried by a pretty girl drees ed In red —not yellow. "Lenin Is dead But Lenin Isa Lives? said another. And so on down the line. Nope, "she ain’t what she used to be." House and Senate Play Football with Postal Salary Bill WASHINGTON, D. C.. Feb. IS.— The postal pay Increase bill was sent to conference today by the house after objection had been raised te senate changes In the bin as It passed the house. Strike of 2,000 Street Cleaners May Last Many Days (Continued from page 1) The department of public waste* called in Alderman WoodhuD, chair man of the city council finance com mittee, to determine whether the fin ance committee would approve of granting an increase in the labor ap propriation. Galllgan declared the strike might last a week or more and s&ld that strikebreakers would be hir ed If the strike lasted more than a few days. Carroaso predicted that the strike would last some time. "We will probably call a strike meeting for Thursday in the Musi cians’ Hall,” said Carrozro. Unbearable Conditions. Carrosso, telling of the unbeatable conditions imposed on the street cleaners by the city, declared that they are not given steady work. "We are asking for more money," he said. “Bnt the real trouble is our members are not given steady work. Some are allowed to work only two or three days a week, and since they are mostly men with large families, it is impossible for them to make a living wage. Those street cleaners who work outside the loop do not have steady work.” Discharged 32 Union Men. Carrozzo answered the charge of Commissioner of Public Works A. A. Sprague that the strike was called without notice by declaring that Sprague fired 82 repair foremen in violation of his verbal agreement with the union.